The Wageworker. (Lincoln, Neb.) 1904-????, March 30, 1906, Image 1

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A Newspaper with a Mission and without a Muzzle that is published in the Interest of Wageworkers Every
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The President to Labor
On March 22 there was an Important
gathering at the White House import
ant to the worklngmen of this coun
try. Every workingman who has the
Interests of labor at heart should read
what President Roosevelt had to say
to the representatives of organized
lubor who called upon him.
The Wageworker (Joes not purpose
analyzing the president's remarks, nor
does it purpose commenting on them
at any great length. His assertion
that worklngmen concerned merely as
citizens favored the anti-injunction bill
now proposed is, in The Wagework
er's opinion, a gratuitous insult. It Is
because they arc citizens seeking for
their Just rights that worklngmen op
liose the bill now proposed and mis
called an anti-injunction bill. And to
be told in effect that if they were
really good citizens they would not
oppose it comes with poor grace from
Theodore Roosevelt.
The president declared that "if I
thought a combination of laborers
were doing wrong I would apply for
an injunction against them just as
quickly as against so many capital
ists." That sounds very nice, to be
sure. But the trouble is that an in
junction against tabor is not like an
Injunction against a combination of
capitalists. Under an injunction
njplnst labor the workingman is
thrown into court if he violates It.
The beef packers were enjoined, as
everybody will remember, and they
paid no more attention to the injunc
tion than if it had been writ In water.
The union man is thrown into jail, but
the beef packers are discharged as
individuals and only the Corporation
that soulless, bodiless entity Is held
amenable to the law. We very greatly
fear that President Roosevelt took ad
vantage of the occasion to make a play
to the galleries. At any rate, thought
ful men will give more weight to his
utterances after he has given an ex
ample of an injunction against a cor
poration that amounts to something
like an Injunction. against labor.
President Roosevelt's pledge that he
would see to the enforcement of the
eight-hour law If specific proof of its
violation were submitted is all right.
There is a law against giving rebates
by railroads, and it was proved beyond
all doubt that Paul Morton, as vice
president of the Santa Fe railroad,
granted rebates. Yet Mr. Morton,
after admitting that he. violated the
law, was appointed secretary of the
navy, given a certificate of good char
acter when he retired, and the stand
taken that only the corporation was
guilty. And you can't Imprison a cor
poration. If It should, be shown that
some employer was guilty of violating
the eight-hour law It might be possible
that he would be given a cabinet po
nltion. The Paul Morton case seems
to present a precedent.
Referring to the protest against ah
rogating the eight-hour law In the
Panama canal zone, President Roose
velt said:
"You speak of the eight-hour law.
Your criticism, so far as it relates to
the executive, bears upon the aigna
ture of the appropriation bill contain'
lng the money for expenditure on the
Panama canal, with the proviso that
the eight-hour law shall not there ap
ply. If your statement. Is Intended to
mean that no opportunity , was given
for a bearing . before, then the state
ment Is not In accordance with the
facts. There was ample opportunity
that anyone could, but not a single
request for such a hearing came to
me. I received, however, some hun
dreds of telegrams and letters request
ing the veto of the entire appropria
tion bill because It coniained that pro-
vlco. Frankly, I found it difficult to
believe that you were writing and tele
graphing with any kind of knowledge
of the conditions In the case. I be
lleve emphatically In the eight-hour
law for our own people In our own
country. But the conditions of labor,
such as we have to work with In the
tropics, are so absolutely different that
there Is no possible analogy between
them; and an eight-hour law for the
Panama canal Is an absurdity. Every
one of you knows that we can not get
white labor, can not get labor of the
United States to go down to Panama
to work.
Hard to Get Any Labor.
"We are driven to extremities In
the effort to get any kind of labor at
all. Just at the moment we are work
lng chiefly with negro labor from the
West Indies. '. The usual result In the
employment of those men Is that Mon
day and Tuesday they work fairly well
Wednesday and Thursday there Is
marked falling, and by Friday and'Sat
urday not more than a. half, sometimes
less than a fourth of the laborers will
ho at Work. . The conditions that make
the elirht-hoiir" ta fiwujer. here have
no possible reference
tlons that imake the e
Ight-lX V,
ly improper there. -The con
so utterly different on the isthmus as
compared to here that it is impossible
to draw conclusions affecting the one
from what is true about the other.
You hamper me in the effort to get
for you what I think you ought to
have in connection with the eight
hour law, when you make a request
that is indefensible; and to grant
which would mean indefinite belay
and injury to the work on the isthmus.
"As to the violations of the eight
hour law, Mr. Morrison, you give me
no specifications. At your earliest
convenience please lay before me in
detail, any complaints you have of vio
lations of the eight-hour law. Where
I have power I will see that the law
is obeyed. All I ask is that you give
me the cases. I will take them up, and
if they prove to be sustained by the
facts I shall see that the law is en
forced." The Wageworker is not yet ready
to admit that Theodore Roosevelt can
do no wrong, therefore we decline to
admit that just because he asserts
that we ought to have just what he is
trying to get for us he ought to be
supported. The Wageworker asks
worklngmen to ponder thoughtfully
over this amazing declaration from
President Roosevelt's lips:
"You hamper me in the effort to get
for you what I think you ought to have
in connection with the eight-hour law
when you make a request that is inde
fensible." If he thinks we ought to have what
he thinks we ought to have, then we
suppose we must quietly submit to
having what President Roosevelt
thinks we ought to have. But it would
have sounded better, from the lips of
Emperor William or Czar Nicholas,
wouldn't it? ' '..-'
Referring to the Chinese question,
President Roosevelt spoke as follows:
Chinese Exclusion.
Now about the Chinese exclusion.
The number of Chinese now in this
country is, if I remember aright, some
sixty or eighty thousand. So far from
there being a great influx of Chinese,
the fact is that the number has stead
ily decreased. There are fewer Chi
nese than there were ten years ago;
fower than there were twenty years
.-ISO; fewer than there were thirty
years ago. Unquestionably some
scores of cases occur each year where
Chinese laborers get in either by be
ing smuggled over the Mexican and
Canadian borders .or by coming in
under false certificates, but the steps
that we have taken, the changes in
the consuls that have been made with
in the last few years in the Orient,
and (he effort to conduct examinations
in China before the immigrants are al
lowed to come here, are materially re
ducing even the small number of cases
that do occur. But even as It is, the
n.nnber ot cases is insignificant. There
is no appreciable Influx of Chinese la
borers and there is not the slightest
or remotest danger of any; the whole
scare that has been worked up on the
subject is a pure chimera It is my
dee") conviction that we must keep
out ot this country every Chinese .la
borer, skilled or unskilled every Chi
naman of the coolie class. This is
what the proposed law will do; It
wiil he done as effectively as under the
present law and the present law la be
ing handled with the utmost efficiency.
Good Treatment for Some.
But I will do everything in my
power to make it easy and desirable
for the Chinese of the business and
professional classes, the Chinese trav
elers and students to come here and I
will do all I can to secure their good
treatment when they come; and no
laboring man has anything whatever
to fear from-that policy.' 1' have a
right 'to challenge you as good Ameri
can citizens to support that' policy;
and ,iu any event I shall stand tic-
flinching for it, and no man can say
with sincerity that on this or indeed
on any other point he has any excuse
for misunderstanding my policy.
"You have spoken of the immigra
tion laws. I believe not merely that
all proper steps should be taken to
prevent the importation of laborers
under any form, but I believe' further
that this country ought to make a
resolute effort from now on to prevent
the coming to this country of men
with a standard of living so low that
they tmi'l, by entering into unfair com
petition with, to reduce the standard
of living of our own people. Not one
of yon can go further than I will go
In the effort steadily to raise the status
of the .American wage-worker, so long
as while doing it, I can retain a clear
conscience and the certainty that I am
doing what is right. I will do all In
my power for the laboring man except
to do what Is wrong, and I will not do
that -for him or for anyone else."
That would be all right if it were not
so wrong. The Chinaman is a cunning
and the proposed, law is full of
le3. It would be awfully easy
for a Chinaman to - come over as a
"student" and suddenly be swallowed
up among other Chinamen and become
a menace to American workingmen.
The present law is all right -just as it
stands. The proposition for its amend
ment comes from a class anxious to
exploit China and willing to secure
the . opportunity by sacrificing the . in
terests of American workingmen.
To the last paragraph of President
Roosevelt's address every workingman
can give unqualified approval.
Tells the Chinese Just What American
Laborers Mean.
According to. Hong Kong papers,
Bryan was entertained by the Chinese
merchants at a dinner and declared in
a speech that the. American people
would never consent to a repeal of the
exclusion laws. One of the Chinese
merchants at the dinner reported the
proceedings to the Chinese newspa
pers. He quoted Mr. Bryan as declar
ing that the labor party was so strong
in the United States that Chinese
workmen, skilled or unskilled, would
never be permitted to enter, and as
drawing a gloomy picture of what
would happen to American workmen
if the Chinese were allowed to take
away their employment. This inform
ant said that, while Mr. Bryan had
agreed to support a number of changes
proposed by the American merchants
of Hong Kong, he had not been able
to draw from 'the American leader any
definite assurance of support of the
policy which the Chinese would insist
upon as the only condition on which
the boycott would be withdrawn.
After Mr. Bryan's speech the Chi
nese became convinced that congress
would not adopt the changes recom
mended , by the American' merchants
and that their best policy was to put
on the boycott screws tighter than
Lincoln Hotel Bar Has No House Card
in Sight.
Attention has been called several
times' to the "fact' that the bar In the
Lincoln hotel is on the unfair list.
This '.bar used to be fair, but for some
reason or other the men on duty neg
lected and refused to pay their dues
and became suspended. On one occa
sion, when an effort was made to get
I them squared up it is reported that
they said: "Well,' this bar is patron
ized by traveling men and politicians,
and they care nothing about .union
cards." The inference was, Ot course,
that if the house card didn't help them
the bartenders were not sufficiently
union to keep In good standing.
The management of the Lincoln ho
tel has been asked to help get the bar
squared up, but have refused. When
told that unless something was done
the bar would have to be advertised as
unfair, one of the managers said,
"Well, I guess we can stand that."
Undoubtedly. The Lincoln Hotel
Co. ha3 a pot of money, and it can
oppose organized labor a long whTIfe-lji
But will it pay? The Wageworker for
various reasons would like to see the
Lincoln hotel bar " squared up. It
would look good, would help all con
cerned and prevent any misunder
standings and troubles. ',
Interesting Notes from the Men Who
Saw and Plane.
To all members of Local No. 1055,
U. B. of C. & J. You are hereby noti
fied to appear and bring your due book
for comparison with ledger by trustees,
in accordance with Section 158(c) of
the General Constitution. Matters con
cerning the new trade conditions de
mand your attendance at that meet
ing which will be held Tuesday, April
3, at S p. m., at Carpenters' hall, 136
South Eleventh street..' (Signed)
C. H. CHASE, R. S.
Five new applications last meeting,
and three initiations.
The Saturday half holiday is an as
sured fact already, and a jubilation
meeting will be held at the hall Sat
urday afternoon, April 7, which will
be the first Saturday half holiday ever
enjoyed in Lincoln except by the law
yers and other professional men.
The reception committee will he Bros.
Fallhaber, Dullenty and Acott.
Bro. John Hewitt was elected a trus
tee to fill the vacancy caused by re
moval from the city of Bro. Ed. Dul
lenty, who is reported as being at
Butte, Mont.
The following members were elect
ed as a delegation to represent the
carpenters in the Strucutral Building
Trades Alliance: Geo. F. Quick, Chas.
S. Smith, C. E. Woodard, A. A. Calla
han, J. M. Schuler, Fred Kent, H. O.
Your Dealer Has No Excuse for
maining in Ignorance.
If your dealer tells you he does not
know where to get union made goods,
it is your duty to find out and tell
him. But the dealer has no excuse for
being ignorant. Neither have you.
If you do not know where union goods
are to be secured by your merchant,
It is your duty to find out.
If your merchant will not make an
effort to secure union made goods it is
up to you to find another dealer. He
can get them if he wants to, and if he
wants your trade he will get them.
Born, on Sunday, March 25, to Mr.
and Mrs. Will M. Maupin, a son. The
youngster has been christened Richard
Metcalfe Maupin.
Lincoln, Nebr., March 26. To the
Editor of The Wageworker: The
Wageworker took occasion this week
of referring to an employe of the
Woodruff-Collins Ptg. Co., and severely
criticising him for wearing a pair of
overalls manufactured by the Lincoln
Overall Co. I have no desire to rush
into newspaper controversy about the
labor question, but there are two sides
to it, and a man who will not admit of
this fact is a blatherskite or a selfish
eeotist.". Inasmuch, however, as the
ame of the firm,, of which I am a
member was mentioned in your article
there seems to bjC forced reason for
a few remarks.'ot In defense of the
alleged crime ot the employe men
tiond, but simply to show the. incon
sistency of thoSfe who threaten great
. . . $ "hands off!
"doings" if the boy doesn't exchange
his overalls within the next week.
Without taking the trouble to in
vestigate the correctness of your state
ment, and admitting that all you say
is true, the offense against the prin
ciple of legitimate organized labor is
so insignificant as compared with,
other offenses, which you seemingly
neglect to mention In your paper, that
comparison seems ridiculous.
. A few months ago there was an
other pressman working for the Wood-rufr-Collins
Printing CO., who not only
cifrried a union card but was at the
time or shortly prior president of the
pressmen's union. He was loud in his
oraise of organized labor and doubt
loss loyal in his selection of union
made goods, but he skipped out be
tween two days, as it were, leaving a
hunch of creditors to mourn his ab
sence. A man thus organized can af
ford to buy . the best of everything,
and, perchance he is ' refused credit,
the alternative or trying down "scab"
goods is his stock-in-trade. Did The
Wageworker ever comment on this
particular instance? If so I have over
looked it. t
The same party referred to went to
Ms employers, and, with a pitiful tale,
was advanced money for a period of
ten days. The money was spent in
saloons and brothels and before the
expiration of the ten days drew out
his union card, left his employers in
the lurch, and has not been heard from
since.' Did "The Wageworker ever
mention the injustice or unfairness of
this circumstance? Not to my knowl
edge. The officers of the pressmen's
union were notified of the facts In due
time and were asked not to issue this
man a traveling -card, but the plead
ings were in- vain, and he went forth
fully equipped for exploiting other
Tho Wageworker cannot plead ig
norance to these facts, standing as it
docs as the champion and mouthpiece
of organized labor of this city, and if
its efforts were directed to some ex
tent in correcting the evils which the
employers are forced to endure, organ
ized labor might receive more friendly
There are worse things than wear-
in;? "scitb" overalls, and if The Wage
worker, in "doing things," will make a
clean sweep of the evils which are
t,ow ignored by the unions, the Wood
ruff-Collins Printing Co. will feel like
apologizing for harboring criminals of
the "scab" overall variety.
Very respectfully yours,
Looks Like a Boost in Prices for. the
Congealed Product.
Right now it looks very much like a
big boost in the price of ice during the
coming summer. Practically no ice
was stored during the winter, and the
sources of supply are limited to the
artificial product . arid what may be
shipped in from the far north. In
either event the priee. will soar up
If enough for storage purposes had
been put up the price of the domestic
product would not be badly inflated.
But as it is there is every evidence
that people who must have Ice will be
forced to dig up about any old price
the manufacturers or shippers want to
He Told About Miner
Last Thursday evening at Carpen
ter's hall, H. A. Floaten of Denver, late
socialist candidate for governor of
Colorado, addressed a large gathering
on the subject of the recent troubles
in Colorado and the arrest of the head
officers of the Western Federation of
Miners, who ate charged with' the' as
sassination of ex-Governor Frank
Steuenberg of Idaho. The meeting was
designed as a "protest meeting," and
as such was a distinct success. Mr.
Floaten is a conservative, logical
speaker whose evident earnestness ' is
impressive, and as he went through
the troubles of which he spoke he Is
in a position to deal with the subject
A great many people have conceived
the idea that union labor is determined
to protect Moyer and Hayward regard
less of whether they are innocent or
guilty. This is, of course, ridiculous,
but there are a lot of people who be
lieve it. The fact is that organized
labor is determined only that Moyer
and Hayward shall have a fair trial.
This they will not get if the Citizens'
Alliance has its way. This is proved
by the illegal method' taken to arrest
them arid then abduct them, taking
them from Colorado to Idaho on a
trumped-up charge and then indicting
them for murder and throwing them
into jail without bail or even a chance
to consult with their friends. The only
evidence against the men is the al
leged confession of a man named Or
chard, whose confession is so ridicu
lous that even General Bell had to
laugh at it, and a Pinkerton detective
named McPartland, who claims to be
the same man who broke up the
"Mollie Maguires" in the Pennsylva
nia coal fields a quarter of a century
ago. McPartland is very evidently
trying to earn his money.
In his speech Mr. Floaten did not
venture to prejudge the case against
the accused men, but he told, plainly
and simply, the condition of affairs in
that, seetloff-o! the country.- 'The so
cialistic part of the address was inci
dental to the main theme, although the
speaker took occasion to present the
socialistic argument in an unusually
interesting way.
"The ruling- jflass, declared the
speaker at the opening of his dis
course, "is the class that lives the
easiest. Because of immense wealth,
they not only interpret the laws, but
they sec to their enforcement so that
they can continue to live above the
people. The big man or capitalist
makes his living by owning something.
The laboring class must sell their la
bor every day, or it is useless. The
struggle between the capitalistic and
the working class is growing fiercer
and fiercer every day. This Is espe
cially true in the gold and silver min
ing districts. It may take years, - but
this condition can be remedied.
'.'Socialists," further stated the
speaker, "uphold trusts. We do not
want them like they are being held at
this time, but we want all the people
to be on the inside of them. When
this state of affairs exists, it will bring.
about better conditions for all classes.
If the laborers all over the world be
come unionized they will be worse oft
than they are today. Why? Because
we will have the scabs in the union,
and the workingmen will still be de
pendent on the capitalists. They must
have work to live, and as they don't
own -the tools, they must look to the
owners as they are doing now.
Central Labor
The Central Labor Union met Tues
day evening and again took up the
matter of a labor temple. A commit-
tee of three, Mesws. Quick, Smith and
Evans, was appointed to correspond
with secretaries of other central bodies
in cities where labor temples are
maintained and secure all the informa
tion possible as to management, etc.
The plan for a Labor Temple Building l
Association, outlined in The-Wage-worker
some time ago, was again
taken up, and it was decided to push
along the lines laid down until some
thing better is offered. The chief idea
now is to have something tangible to
work on.
The matter of non-attendance of
delegates was again taken up, and it
was decided to immediately inaugurate
the plan of notifying each affiliated
union of- every absence of affiliated
delegates. The attendance has been
very unsatisfactory for some time, and
as a result the work that the central
body could do, and is expected to do,
has remained undone. ;
The organization comnlittee was in
structed to assist Tie Teamsters'
Union in securing the unionizing of the
drivers for wholesale lfquor houses.
With one or two exceptions the state
of trade was reported f rO fair to good
"If the capitalists succeed in crush- H
lng one union they will in rime crush J '
them all. They have tried their hand
at the western federation of miners,
but it remains today as strong as It '
did before the recent atrike troubles.
Members of this union have shown '
themselves to be men made of the
right stuff, and have also demonstrated '
that they can and will 'stick together.
A strike is a peaceful cessation of la
bor, nothing more. ' -
"They talk about the death of ex
Governor Steuenberg. It was a great '
surprise to me how he lived so long.
At the time of the recent strike bo
established a bull pen, and at one time
more than 700 men were therein con
fined.. They were held as prisoners in
this place for weeks and months. Fin
ally,, after many died and others were
ill, it was decided to deport a part of
the men. . This was done, and the re
mainder were held as prisoners for
months. .; ''
"Two years ago at Telluride, Colo.,
the strike was on and I never saw our -
town so peaceful. The strikers visited
all the saloons and saw that the doors- '.
were closed promptly at 12. o'clock.
The gambling houses were all closed. .
The western federation of miners fur-, - -nisbed
funds for the strikers, ajid .
everything was as peaceful as ever.
The militia was sent to our. . city -to ' ;
quiet -what is termed a riot. The ofA--:
cers of. the militia arrested a; large
number of the strikers and had them '
arraigned before the police magistrate," -whene
they were charged, with - v-
grancy. They were not. vagrants, but -they
were nevertheless convicted , anij
were forced to work on the. rock pile
to pay . their fines, as they refused to '
settle. The questions asked each man
by the prosecutor were something like
this; ' -;-'
'"Are you working?' .,!..,...,,. ...
" 'No.' , , . .- ', . ' .? '.J . ..
'"Why not?' ' , j f:".
. " 'I don't want to work. I thought J .
would rest for a while
" 'Stand aside'
the magistrate. . The police judge then
told the men that if they would secure
work . within forty-eight hours their
fines would be withdrawn. . '
'"Not one Of them," continued Mr. -Floaten,
"secured work. And, all work- ;
ed out their fines on the rock pile., It
was finally settled, but not until after
the men had undergone the greatest
suffering. It is a fight now to prganizo" .
labor, and it continues 'to grow more
fierce all the time. There is a time
cOming, and not far away, when, there -will
be a great change In the condi- -tions.
. ' . . ,
"We have now learned- that the only
thing that goes with the capitalists is
force, and the workingmen' must force
the owners to time. The big men with -a
mint of money buy the congress, and
take the powers of the ballot box prac
tically away from the common people.
There must be a change in the system
before we can expect to change ,the -conditions.
, The ministers pray, and
why?...,. Thoy pray, because John D..-
Rockefeller prays. No church can ex
ist with trusts.
"There are just two reasons why we
have no more socialists 'today. .' The
first is- ignorance, and the second is.
that men know that it they support our
party they will have to change their
manner of living. The capitalists, -that
is many of" them, understand so
cialism, but know that should they
support the party they will lose their
easy way of living without working." .
Union Meeting
in all organized lines. The outlook all
along the line is exceptionally good.
Attention was called to the report
that the Commercial club is seeking to
locate a boot and shoe factory in .Lin
coln, and arrangements made to see" to
it that the work of organization be not
Deputy Labor Commissieper Wants ta
Be Councilman. V- ' -
Deputy Labor. Commissioner Burt '
Bush is a candidate for the Omaha,
city council, and in case of his election
he .will doubtless resign his . present
position and be succeeded by Don Des
pain, his chief clerk. . - . i . .
The deputy commissioner's salary is -$1,500
' a year, while the salary of an" s
Omaha councilman is 900.
The union printers of Norfolk, Va.i
won their-strike for the eight hour
day, and on last Friday every shop in
the t;owu was signed up and the strike
declared off. The situation grows bet- !
ter every day throughout the country.
Lesa than 3,000 men are now out.
1 f