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About The Wageworker. (Lincoln, Neb.) 1904-???? | View Entire Issue (Nov. 24, 1905)
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UUIL WAl5nw lyJ 1 f 1 a I i f
A Newspaper with a Mission and without a Muzzle that is published in the Interest of Wageworkers Everywhere.
VOL.2 LINCOLN, NEBRASKA, NOVEMBER 24, 1905 ' NO 33
. i I " "
THE HOLDOM INJUNCTION CASE
A Capitalistic Judge Takes Another Step To
, wards Czardom One More Step and Work
ingmen Will Be Jailed if They Refuse to
Workor Whatever Wage the Employers
May Offer Time Has Come to Make a
Stand for American Rights.
The injunction issued by Judge Holdom of
Chicago against the Chicago Typographical
Union, and at the behest of the United Typo
thaete, is an infringement upon czardom, a de
nial of American rights to American freemen,
and but one step removed from the shackling
of American workingmen and making of them
slaves with no more rights, than were enjoyed
by the negro in the palmiest days of chattel
From the injunction issued by Judge Hol
dom to an injunction restraining workingmen
from emitting work individually or collective
ly is such a short step that the next capital
controlled judge may be expected to take it.
The man who violates the Holdom injunc
tion has no way of defending himself. He is
immediately thrown into jail on the charge
of contempt of court, and may be held in dur
ance vile at the pleasure of the offended judge.
An injunction judge is at once legislature,
judge and executor. He can make a law, de
clare it constitutional, enforce it to suit him
self and it becomes the law of the land through
that convenient but damnable theory of "pre
cedent." ' .
The Chicago printers have conducted their
battle within the law. If they are opposed to
the employers today it is the fault of the em
ployers. The printers were locked out by the
Tvpothaete. There has not been a single case
of disorder. There has not been a single
case of assault. Poole Bros., members of the
Typothaete, advertise for country printers and
in their advertisements admit that there is no
trouble. Typothaete leaders secure an injunc
' tion by claiming that the printers arc riotous,
Judge Holdom restrains the locked-out print
ers from talking with the "rat" printers, from
addressing them on the street, from collecting
at or near unfair offices, from seeking to in
duce the "rats" to quit work by promises of
emoluments or other situations elsewhere. He
restrains them from addressing the general
public in an effort to induce the public to pat
ronize only fair printing hoifses. Declaring
(that there can be no such thing as "peaceful
picketing" he restrains the locked-out print
ers from maintaining a picket line. In short.
Judge Holdom's injunction only allows the
locked-out men to eat, sleep and breathe.
Lawyers, ministers, doctors, merchants and
even capitalists have denounced that injunction
as an outrage. It is but one short step to
czardom. If that injunction stands the next
step will be to restrain employes from quitting
work if they are not satisfied with their wages
And that will be the next step.
When that step is taken the American work
ingman will be worse off than the slave was
before the war; worse off than the peasant of
Russia, and will have no hope and no need of
The courts are today controlled by selfish
capital. Men who pretend to be ignorant of
the reason for the growing contempt of courts
are either knaves or fools. There is a grow
ing contempt for the courts because there is
a growing knowledge that the courts are ruled
by selfish capital and not by exact justice.
The Holdom injunction goes further than
any other injunction ever issued. The next
one will shackle labor's limbs.
Then capital will be satisfied.
There is a remedy. It lies in the ballotbox.
When workingmen get enough sense into
their heads to line up in solid phalanx at the
ballotbox, disregarding partisan prejudice and
seeking only the good of themselves and their
common country, there will be an end to the
The Holdom injunction must be fought
through the supreme court of the United
States. If it is upheld there, then God help the
American workingman if he refuses to help
LAW AIDS ONLY THE RICH.
Congregational Ministers of Chicago Discuss
the Industrial Situation.
Last Monday the Congregational Ministers'
Union met, and the chief topic of discussion
was the printers' strike and the industrial sit
uation. The following report of the meeting
is taken from the Chicago Record-Herald:
Charges that there is not equality before the
law in modern industrial life and that Judge
Holdom's injunction against Typographical
Union No. 1(5 contains a menace to personal
liberty were made by speakers at a meetng
yesterday of the Congregational Ministers' Un
ion, which voted to have its opinion concern
ing the merits of the printers' strike and the
scope and basis of Judge Holdom's injunction
placed on record.
A committee composed of Dr. J. F. Loba of
Evanston. Dr. F. G. Smith of the Warren Ave
nue church and Rev. G. H. Bird of South Chi
cago was appointed to draw up the opinion of
the union after a motion to this effect had been
made by Dr. Loba. who declared "the injunc
tion restrains the printers from carrying on a
work that is perfectly humane and just."
"Miss Jane Addams presented a strong de
fense of the printers and their conduct of the
strike. She declared that a better educated
public opinion is necessary before we can suc
cessfully cope with industrial unrest.
"The injunction issued by Judge Holdom
is sweeping,"' said Miss Addams. "It even
prohibits the defendants from inducing any em
ploye of the complainants. to leave the latter's
employment. If members of unions can be pro
hibited from using peaceful persuasion we cer
tainly are confronted with a serious situation.
When unionists are prevented from employing
such means they simply are driven to other
methods. I know of no injunction that prohib
its persons from 'inducing' others to join their
ranks. The printers' strike is being conducted
legally, carefully and righteously.
"The tendency to shorten hours really is the
spiritual side of trade unionism,
of the eight-hour movement shows that it is
humanitarian and results in better industrial
"Equality before. the law is not true in in
dustrial life today," said Mrs. Raymond Rob
ins. "The prejudice against trade unionism by
the educated class of America is a factor in
our failure to have equality before the law in
Rev. W. A. Ellis, pastor of a branch of the
Warren Avenue Congregational Church and a
working member of the typographical union,
declared the shorter hours and increases in
wages obtained for him by the union resulted
in his being able to serve as pastor of a branch
of the Warren avenue church when its mem
bers were unable to pay for one.
President Wright of No. 1G enlightened the
ministers concerning the benefits obtained by
the union for its members, while Oragnizer J.
C. Harding, discussed Judge Holdom's injunc
tion. "If a judge can issue an injunction restrain
ing the typographical union from seeking new
members, then there is no reason why he can
not issue an injunction prohibiting the Con
gregational church from seeking new con
verts." said Harding. "The effect of the in
junction issued by Judge Holdom has been to
create a feeling among some of the strikers
that violence be resorted to. Some one has
said to unionists: 'If you want to succeed you
must own a judge!' Judge Holdom's injunc
tion means the destruction of personal lib
erty." The report of the committee that was ap
pointed will be presented for adoption at the
next meeting of the ministers' union. A repre
sentative of the Chicago Typothaete will be
invited to present the side of the master print
ers at that time inorder that no conclusion
may be reached before both sides of the con
troversy are given a hearing.
COULD NOT BE OTHERWISE.
The Minneapolis Excursion Was a Huge
Success From All Points.
The "cornhusker" special over the North
western to Minneapolis last week was a mag
nificent success. The fact that the Nebraska
team was ignominously defeated cuts no figure
so far as the special trains are concerned. There
never was a better arranged service than that
provided by the Northwestern on this occasion,
and eveything that would contribute to the
comfort and convenience of the excursionists
was there. R. W. McGinnis, the general agent
located at Lincoln, accompanied the excursion,
and he was the busiest man in seventeen states.
The equipment was the very best, the running
time broke all previous excursion record-?, the
most minor detail was looked after.
The editor has gone upon many excursions,
but never on one that he enjoyed more. It was
a cheery crowd both going and coming, the
disastrous defeat having no effect upon the
spirits of the crowd after it had fairly started
on the return journey. But any crowd would
have been happy under such circumstances.
Strangers along the Northwestern line who
knew nothing of the circumstances might well
be pardoned if they thought the two special
trains were carrying a couple of parties of
railway magnates, judging by the elegant
trains and the high speed maintained.
"We'll get to Minneapolis before S o'clock
in the morning." said Mr. McGinnis.
It was just 4 :4() when the first section stop
ped at the Minneapolis union depot.
"We'll get to Lincoln by 8:30 in the morn
ing." said Mr. McGinnis.
It 'was just 8::?0 when the first section
stopped at the Lincoln depot.
THE POOR OIL TRUST.
Business So Bad It Cannot Increase Its
The Standard Oil company pays its drivers
$2 a daj'. Last week the drivers petitioned
the Standard Oil company for an increase in
wages, submitting statistics proving that after
paying for food, rent and fuel they had left a
margin of .1 cents a day with which to pur
The Standard Oil company refused the in
crease, stating that business did not warrant
it. A few days before the Standard Oil com
pany declared its regular semi-annual dividend.
It made the total dividend for the year 40 per
cent. Mr. Rockefeller's share of the annual
dividend was upwards of $40,000,000. Just
think of it : A company paying a dividend of
40 cents on actual and watered capital, and
refusing to pay its team drivers more than $12
a week. The Wageworker moves a collection
for the relief of the poor old Standard Oil company.
INDUSTRIAL SLAVERY IN SIGHT
The Law and the Rights of the Individual
Recent Injunction Rulings, if They Hold,
Will Reduce, the Worker-1 to a Condition .
Little Better Than African Slavery
Workingmen Asked to Stand Like the Dumb
Ox Will They Do It?
Several months ago the union printers de
clared for an eight-hour day.
Many years ago the union printers declared
for the closed shop. ; All printers employing
union men agreed to this condition.
All the members of the Typothetae accepted
Answering the notice of the printers that
they would stand for eight hours on January
1, the members of the Typothetae declared for
an Immediate Open Shop. Then there were
lockouts and strikes.
A judge has enjoined the printers from
picketing. The injunction goes further than
any similar instrument ever uttered by a judge.
Every plea of the seekers for the injunction
The printers alleged they were conducting
their fight within the law.
They asked men to quit work, they sought
to do peaceful picketing, but Judge Holdom
avers that any sort of picketing is against the
The judge also severely denounces any at
tempt at boycotting. All of his ruling may be
according to law as made in Illinois and in
terpreted by courts.
The next question that employers will prob
able make effort to have settled against work
ing men is that If They Strike or Quit Work
Simultaneously They Break the Law.
Labor under the Law Will Then Be Reduced
to the Condition That Marked African Slavery
Before The War.
The printers should not violate the letter of
the ruling. They should ask for a rehearing
at once, and in the event of losing appeal the
But if these men are enjoined. what about
those firms in Chicago, not parties to this fight,
that combined and warned employers that if
they made terms withrthc printers they would
get no work ?
You denounce the sympathetic strike. You
may be right, but how about the sympathetic
boycott against firms that agreed to the print
ers' requests ?
But this will run the law until the law-maker
feels a responsibility to the individual as well
as to the corporate influences that hire and
maintain lobbies in the legislation halls.
You talk of the dignity or labor, and yet you
will make the man who toils with his hands
like unto the dumb ox.
Union printers are not law-breakers. They
represent a craft that was the forefront of the
revival of learning. They are men of informa
tion and men of honorable dealing.
They do not encourage strikes. They-never
strike unless driven to it.
But still they must stand as the dumb ox.
Workers will get the liberty that is taken
from them in the name of the law when they
go into politics, not as fee grabbers and graft
ers, but in sending men to the legislature who
will make laws on the basis of equal rights to
all and privileges to none.
Then they can bring about the election of
judges who will base their opinions on the
Declaration of Independence rather than the
common law of England that had its founda
tions in the centuries whon the man who toiled
in the heat of the sun was an inferior animal.
HOW NOT TO DO IT.
Some Pointers on How to Bust the Home
AVant to help the home industry boom?
Well, here is a good way to avoid doing it.
Buy a Lee broom, made at the penitentiary
by convicts. Every convict made broom used
in Lincoln reduces the income and the purchas
ing ability of the free broommakers.
Buy a non-union cigar made in a New York
tenement or a Philadelphia sweat shop. . Every
such cigar purchased in Lincoln reduces the
income and the purchasing ability of Lincoln
But attending carefully to such little details
you will be able to put "Lincoln on the bum,"
and then you can strut around and tell what
a dull old town this is.
HOW IT MIGHT WORK.
The Holdom Injunction Carried to Its Logical
Conclusion is Ridiculous.
Judge Holdom's injunction restraining Chi
cago union printers from seeking new mem
bers, would if carried to its logical conclusion,
prevent a Church from seeking new converts.
A church that inaugurated a revival might
secure a convert from another church. This
would arouse the antagonism of the church
losing its members and it would immediately
or could go before Holdom judge and
secure an order restraining the first church
from continuing its revival.
Silly? Not at all. It's just as sensible as
the Holdom injunction against the Chicago
printers. Dismiss prejudice from your mind
and think it out for yourself.
TO PRESIDENT GOMPERS.
A Little Advice That Should Receive Some
If President Gompers of the American Fed
eration of Labor is not above listening to ad
vice from an humble toiler in the vineyard, The
Wageworker would like to offer it.
President Gompers, cut out the Civic Feder
ation business! . .......
After spending his best years in fighting and
crushing labor unions Mark Hanna suddenly
got into politics and found it necessary to
play for the labor vote. Just as suddenly he
discovered that he loved the laboring man.
And just as suddenly he became a convert to
unionism after a fashion.
Then he organized the Civic Federation.
It was a beautiful gold brick, and Samuel
Gompers, John Mitchell, and numerous other
labor leaders invested.
"We -want to reconcile labor and capital,"
is the cry of the Civic Federationists.
As well try to harbor love and hate in the
same heart. As well try to reconcile oil and
No man can serve two masters. The man
who works for dollars only never works for
W'ho is at the head of the Civic Federation
now ? .
And who is Perry Belmont, pray?
He is the gentleman so earnestly striving
to reconcile capital and labor that he imported
ten thousand thugs, sluggers, "scabs" and law
breakers into New York City to defeat the
demand of the Subway employes for decent
wages and reasonable hours.
And Samuel Gompers sits at the banquet
board with the Perry Belmonts and talks with
them about "reconciling capital and labor."
Cut it out, 1 President Gompers. The Civic
Federationists are using you, and a man of
your mental calibre should have "caught on"
A PLEASANT VISIT.
Minneapolis Typographical Union Alive to
the Work It Has to Do.
' Last Sunday the editor of The Wageworker
had the pleasure of visiting with and address
ing Minneapolis Typographical Union No. 42 .
The Minneapolis and St. Paul Unions are bear
ing, the brunt of the eight-hour fight for the
entire northwest, and they are making a gal
lant fight, too. At last Sunday's meeting the
union unanimously decided to increase the as
sessment from 10 to 15 per cent. Every speech
was in favor of the increase, and every declara
tion that the assessment would be made 50 per
cent if necessary was cheered to the echo. The
St. Paul union met on the same day and passed
a similar resolution. ' " '
President Gould and Secretary O'Donnell
are leading the fight like the veterans they are.
They have lined up every union in the city in
support of the printers, and were it not for the
fact that the National Manufacturers' associa
tion is behind the employers the Typothaete
would have been licked to a finish before the
end of the second week. The editor spoke for
a couple of minutes, and it was an inspiration
to look into the faces of 500 earnest printers
who are determined to have what is coming to
them, and who are equally determined to stand
by their brethren who are on strike.
UNION LABOR'S SWEEP.
Fusion of Old Parties Routed in San Fran
The union labor party achieved an astonish
ing triumph at San Fransisco in Tuesday's
battle at the polls. From the head of the ticket
down to the.18.th nominee for supervisor every
union labor candidate was elected. Mayor Eu
gene E. Schmitz being returned to office for
a third term by a majority of 11,500 over John
S. Partridge, the joint nominee of the republi
can and democratic parties. The remainder of
the Schmitz ticket was elected by majorities
ranging from 4,000 to 7,000. The clean sweep
astounded the fusion leaders. There is a dis
position'at the democratic and republican head
quarters to attribute the result to the voting
machines, which-were used at every voting
place. It is declared that followers of Schmitz,
in their fear of becoming involved in intricacies
of the apparatus by voting split tickets, solved
the problem by the simple method of voting
straight tickets. Following is the complete
vote for mayor: Schmitz, (union labor), 40,
191; Partridge (fusion). 28,687; Schniitz's ma
A Little Matter That the "Hundred Thousand
Club" Boomers Should Study.
Last Monday was payday at the Havelock
shops. The shop workers are men, .and are
pretty well organized. It took over $30,000
to pay them for their month's work, and the
average monthly wage was upwards of $60.
Why?. Because they are men, and .because
they are organized.
An equal number of wage earners in the Lin
coln Overall and Shirt factory would have
been paid only one-third as much, yet they
would have worked longer hours. Why? Be
cause they are women and unorganized. . '
Organized labor demands equal pay for
equal work, and fair pay for the work.
Which is the better a factory that employs
union labor or a factory that takes advantage
of the necessities of the workers and pays 'ihe
least pittance possible? .
THE EVERYDAY CHRISTIANITY
Rev. Charles Stelzle Says if the Church is
Not Interested in the Abolition of Sweat
Shops and Unsanitary Conditions, He Will
Leave It and Stick to His Labor Union
An Earnest Preacher Talks Straight From
the Shoulder. . v
The church has a great social mission. If
I felt that it was not interested in the every
day affairs of men in the abolition of the
sweatshop and of child labor; in the securing,
of better sanitary conditions for working peo
ple I would cut out the church and line up
with' the trades union even more strongly
than I do. It is because I believe that the
church is concerned about these things that
I shall continue to work through the -church
for the secUring of better things for working
men and their families.. . .. - .,
It is an institution which not only prepares
mentor death, but, triore important still it
teaches them Jiow to :. live. Unfortunately
some workingmen have thought of it as some
thing which has to do only with the sickness,
death and cemeteries, and that the preacher
was a handy man to have around in case of a
funeral. It !s interesting td note, by the way,
that the average preacher usually responds to
such a call. . ' ,
Christianity believes in brighter homes, bet
ter schools, more beautiful cities and cleaner
governments. If Christian men were in the
majority in our great cities, more of the evils
found in them would be wiped out. They
are not in the majority, however, and never
have been. This is sometimes forgotten when
the church is sneered at by its enemies, who
ask why it is that after so long a trial it has
not succeeded in . Christianizing the cities.
While much has been done through its ' influ
ence, Christianity has really never been tried.
The churches have bec6me centers for 'he
intellectual life of the people as well as for
the development of their spiritual life. Open
every night and nearly all day, as many of
the mare, for concert courses and lecture ser
ies, free dispensary and, sayings bank, sewnig
school and cooking class,. boys clubs and read
ing rooms, men's clubs ' and -iibrarv, -music
classes and . women's club's, and e('ervthnig
else that is" helpful and inspiring so 'far as '
their means will permit and the community
demand) these all indicate that the church has
a vital interest in the "here and now" as well
as in the "hereafter." r
Sometimes workmen have " said that the
church is not doing enough for the needs of a
certain community. They forget , that as "a
rule the particular church which they are crit
icising is composed of their neighbors, who
are better off than themselves, but who are
striving to supply church privileges for the
people living in the district. If the average
workingman believes in this work of the '
church, he can render his fellowmen a great
service by helping it through his personal ef
forts. For the question of helping the people
in the neighborhood is not so much a question
of money as it is a problem of flesh and blood,
viz: the willingness o fmen to give themselves
to the work of helping others. The high
thinking workman best understands the needs
of those with whom he associates and he can
suggest many things to the minister who, with
his co-operation, can carry out his practical
plans for the betterment of the whole com
munity. Almost any minister will gladly talk
over with a workingman any plan that he
may have for helping his fellowmen.
Anyway, try it and see how he will respond.
HERE IS A REASON. -1 .
Why the Workingmen Have a Growing Con
tempt For the Courts. '
Want to know why the workingmen .of the
country have a growing contempt for ,the
Well, here are a couple of cases, and when
you have read them you will know.
A few years ago a poor and friendless young
man was arraigned in the United States court
at Omaha on the charge of robbing the mails.
He had held up a star route mail carrier and
secured the magnificent sum of just two cents.
The federal judge sentenced him to the federal
penitentiary for life. .
This is a solemn fact, for -the editor of The
Wageworker was right there, reported the
trial and heard the sentence inflicted. y
Last week Bartlett Richards, a wealthy cat
tleman of northwest Nebraska, was arraigned
in that same federal court at Omaha. He was(
charged with stealing and using 212,000 acres"
of government land. He entered a plea of
Bartlett Richards was fined $500 and sen-
tenced to the custody of the United States
marshall for six hours.
The poor devil who got two cents was sent
up for life. '
The rich man who stole 212,000 acres of land
had to visit with the United States marshall
six hours. . '
The prosecution of the poor man cost the
government upwards of $7,000. ,
A life sentence for the poor man. A six-hour
sentence for the rich man. ' '
Do you understand now why the working
men of the country believe that there is one
law for the rich and another for the poor? -
Does this explain the growing contempt for
the courts? '
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