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About The Wageworker. (Lincoln, Neb.) 1904-???? | View Entire Issue (July 1, 1904)
Open uncTtr New Management
fiamdl3 Evtrfthhig in Statin
Strvtet Tint Clast.
X itttah lie amd upwards.
Prop. I22S 0.
Tarmtrs' Meat Co.
J. W. WOLF, Prop. .
, Wholesale and retail dealers lu
fresh and cured meats, poultry,
fish and game in season.
Boiling meats, 4c and up.
Shoulder steak, TAc.
Sirloin steak, 12c.
Round steak, 10c.
Headquarters Laboring Man.
'- 'Phone 899. 226 No. Tenth St.
58 558 vjC t&
We want your trade. That is
why we ask for it. If we get it
we will hold it by fair dealing.
Honest 'goods at honest prices.
FRESH FRUIT AND VEGE
TABLES IN SEASON.
Quick delivery to all parts of
F. Walkins, Prop.
. . " 225 SO., 13TH ST. .
K h" " ' K t? if ' ? " ' " "
Are You in Debt?
Are creditors pressing you for small
bills due? We will loan you money to
' clear up all your indebtedness; you can
repay us in installments. We loaa oi
furniture, horses, pianos. No charge
for papers; no interest in advance;
money repaid to suit convenience; no
removal of goods or publicity. If you
are a stranger it makes no difference;
very low rates.
j j dt j j jt j jj jjjjjj
THE WAGE WORKER
A Union Labor Newspapers
published in the interests of
Being published in the in
terests of Union Labor it is
therefore published in the
interests ot nil men who work
The Wageworker is
The Wageworker will un
dertake to do several thing
Encourage the demand for
goods bearing the Union
To encourage the growth of
social intercourse between the
families of toilers.
To give the labor news of
To give the social happen
ings in Union Labor circles.
To promote fraternity.
The Wageworker will avoid
a great many things among
The chronic politician.
The grafter who grafts on
The fellow who traffics in
his "influence" among Union
DR. WILMETH, Surgeon.
Fraternity Building, Lincoln, Neb.
Office. 728; Res., 628, Aut.. 262S.
I)HS. WENTE & HUMPHREY,
Dentists. Fraternity Building.
Phones Bell. 530; Auto., 3530.
J. RISER, Dentist.
S". W. Cor. 10th & O.
Phones-Auto, 3S51; Bell, A122i.
Open Meeting of
Central Labor Union
The Central Labor Union held an
other open meeting last Tuesday even
ing. The meeting had been well ad
vertised in the local, papers, and the
evening was all thatJcould be desired
from a weather standpoint. Frank A.
Kennedy, organizer of the American
Federation of Labor and one of the
most prominent and forceful labor
leaders in the country, was billed to
speak. And yet, despite all of these
things, less than 100 union men at
tended the meeting.
. It would, seem that union labor in
Lincoln will have to get a jolt that
will iar its teeth loose before it
wakes up to the gravity of tho situa
tion confronting it. Last Tuesday
night's meeting should have been so
big that Red Ribbon hall would not
hold it. "Revival of interest in union
affairs," was the key-note of the
meeting, but the small attendance
prompted a gentleman present to re
"It's not a revival we need. What
wc need is a resurrection."
Organized labor is facing a grave
danger. It is facing a well organized,
well disciplined and well financed en
emy, and yet organized labor in Lin
coln will not muster up enough energy
to come out to a meeting and learn
the enemy's methods of warfare. If
this state of affairs does not change
soon, organized labor in Lincoln is go
ing to find itself suddenly up against
an enemy without having any sinews
of war, without having any plan of
campaign, and without having co
hesivehess enough to withstand the
final assault. What the result will be
of those conditions does not require
the services of a prophet to set forth.
Despite the discouragingly small at
tendance the meeting .was a success
in point of interest and enthusiasm.
Mr. Kennedy urged more interest in
thorough unionism and reiterated his
former declaration that the iirst and
most important work in the local field
was to put The Wageworker into the
hands of every union man in Lincoln.
Mr. Miuipiu announced that the car
penters bad just subscribed in' a body,
numbering 198, and that the barbers
had also come to the front in a body,
fifty strong. This announcement was
greeted by hearty applause. Manager
Bach of The Wageworker, President
Kclsey of the Central Labor Union,
and E. V. Giassrnan of the Hodtarrie. s'
Union, made short talks.
The feeling of the Lincoln unions
has reached a high pitch over the boy
cotting of the Rocky Mountain News
and Denver Times by the business
men. It took the form of resolutions,
introduced and passed at the meeting
Tuesday night: "More than lip rec
ognitipn" will be given when the time
comes, says the document.
Speeches were made by many mem
bers, some reviewing conditions in
Colorado, others urging a greater unity
among the unions in Lincoln. At the
previous meeting a committee was
named to draw resolutions denouncing
the carnage in Colorado and condemn
ing the military despotism, which de
ported miners into the alkali deserts.
These resolutions were read and
From the publicity given in tabor
papers to the "Parry movement"
among employers, a number of the
members spoke on the situation in
Lincoln, present and possible. It was
the view of some that Lincoln business
men are already .organized in a meas
ure, ready to pounce upon the unions
one by one as trouble should arise and
wipe them from earth. The master
plumbeis were cited. The restaurant
owners who defeated the cooks and
waiters in their strike a year ago were
mentioned. This was taken to be at
least a mutual understanding that
would bode ill for future strikes in
"It is coming, whether it is here now
or not," said a member, who predicted
that it would show its force after the
One member ventured to discuss the
recent resignation of the secretai-y of
the Commercial club. He suggested it ,
as probable that, if the inside facts
were known, it was not exactly a res
ignation. He intimated that there
was some eruption chargeable to the
Mention was made of the garnishee
law which the retail grocers' associa
tion sought to have enactedV&t the last
session of the legislature. The same
thing was presented in other legisla
tures of the country. In most places it
was defeated through the timely inter
position of union men. Questions at
uncomfortable times during the con
sideration of the bills in the various
states developed the fact that they
originated in a national organization
and were framed in New York.
Union men were urged to be kindly
in their thoughts, reasonable in their
acts, sober, industrious and watchful.
"Your interests are those of your
employers. You need them and they
need you. ' That fact should appeal to
your reason," said one. speaker. "All
wealthy men are not evil. Most bus
iness men like unions. The hot heads
and the indiscreet discredit their or
ganizations. The reason the modern
business man likes unionism is that
he can treat with the men as a body
belte:- than with the men singly. Some
say the unions make a scale of wages
that destroys ambition. We only strive
to fix a minimum figure. If the em
ployer wants to pay more to anybody
that is his privilege. The unioa does
not deny him. Many employers rec
ognize that a uniform minimum wage
scale reduces jealousies and the envy
that are destructive of generally sat
isfactory work. It is so in Europe.
The meanest people with which union
men have to deal in business men's
associations are not those who are in
the habit of paying fair wages, but
those big concerns which pay from 6
to S10 a week to the men who roll the
trucks on their big platforms the
wholesale men. In eastern cities these
laborers are the hardest to organize
because they are so completely in
timidated by their employers."
Following are the resolutions passed
in the interest of the Rocky Moun
tain News and Denver Times. "Pat
terson has them on the hog train,"
said a member, "and it looks as if he
would soon have them in the packing
For -more than a century thje thought
ful men of America have realized fully
that the greatest bulwarks of American
safety and American liberty are freedom
of thought, freedom of speech and. free
dom of the press, and recom-.se to the
writ of habeas corpus. As long as truth
is left free to combat error, error can
not long prevail; but truth once sup
pressed and error given free reign, wrong,
backed by force and greed, will soon pre
vail and the rights of American freemen
be taken from them. .The public press,
long an educational institution led pub
lic opinion and blazed the way for great
reforms; the press once controlled by lov
ers of justice and liberty, like Greeley,
Raymond, Preritiss, Bi-yant and Ritchie
and mighty engines in the cultivation
and preservation of individual liberties, is
today prostituted to a low level and is
little more than the voice of organized
greed and selfishness. The great daily
newspapers of the country, with a dis
couragingly few but. happily, notable ex
ceptions, are owned by corporate inter
ests anl are nothing more than vehicles
for the carrying of corporate interests.
This state of affairs is fraught with
gravest danger to American principles and
American traditions, and to the rights
of American people. especially those
whose sole capital is their work, and
who eat only in the sweat of their faces.
This sad state of affairs lias been more
than ever impressed upon the working
men of this-country during the unfortu
nate troubles in Colorado. Men banded
together for mutual protection, for mutual
safety and for mutual uplift, have found
themselves denounced as organized mur
derers, slandered in terms framed by the
suppliant and cringing tools of corporations-
hired to prostitute the ' press to
base purposes, and deprived of all op
portunity to give their side of the case
to the jury of public opinion: 'With the
courts, the executives and the military
under the absolute control of conscience
less capital, labor's only hope lies in a
free and independent press and with that
gone hope dies never to be resurrected
save only by awful sacrifices, the . very
contemplation of which should make pat
riotic men shudder.
The interests that have banded together
for the destruction of labor unions works
through devious channels, knowing noth
ing of honesty of justice when disregard
of these fundamental principles will serve
their unholy purpose. By the might of
the wealth they have all but secured con
trol of the daily press, and in Colorado
the leading dailies with one notable ex
ception have been hammered into sub
mission by threats of financial loss. There
is but one exception, and organized labor
should rejoice that the exception is as
strong as it is. One editor has refused
to be coerced and indignantly refuses
to allow his great newspaper to be edited
and controlled by organized greed work
ing through mercantile interests. Thomas
Patterson, editor and publisher of the
Rocky Mountain News and Denver Times,
has hurled defiance at the lawless gang
of public plunderers, and refuses to re
main meekly quiet when wrongs are be
ing perpetrated upon the working classes.
With scorn and without fear he has
thrown down the gage of battle to tho
trust barons and welcomes them to com
bat. In this fight Thomas Patterson is
fighting the battle of organized labor,
of American liberty, of free speech, of a
free press, of free thought and of the
inalienable right of American citizens
to the remedy for injustice that lies in
the habeas corpus.
It is therefore the duty of organized
labor in particular, and liberty-loving
Americans in general, to give Thomas
Patterson and his newspapers their lib
eral hearty and enthusiastic support to
the 'end that after his "reserves" have
been exhausted and his property" en
cumbered, there shall be no need of his
using his credit to make the fight in the
Interests of the people. In view of these
facts, and while rejoicing that such a
brave and fearless friend and defender
has stepped to the. front, we deem it only
lit and proper that we. the organized
craftsmen of IJucoln. Nebraska, should
make tilting recognition of Mr. Patter
son's splendid stand. Therefore .be it
Resolved. That the organized crafts
men of Lincoln send to Thomas Patter
son of Denver cordial greeting and thanks,
and pledge him that when the time comes
something more than mere "lip recogni
tion' will be forthcoming. And
Resolved, That a copy of these resolu
tions he sent to Mr. Patterson, and that
copies be given to the press of Lincoln
with the request that they be given pub
lication. Journal Chapel
S. H. McCaw of the reportorial staff
has returned from a week's visit ni the
W. E. Kirby of the book chapel an
nounces his intention to leave for Kan
sas City shortly.
Morris Crisman is training up. Out
door exercise is great for the consti
tution In the summer time.
J. D. Smith takes his regular afterr
noon exercise on O street. He says
wtihout it he gets too fleshy.
Mr. and Mrs. C. E. Barngrover re
turned from a short visit in Crete, and
report having a pleasant time.
G. E. Locker says: "Three cigars
cost me 5 cents, and I smoke ail ot
them every day; what more do you
went lor a nickel."
Before leaving the city, J. W. Mc
Cluskey gave every chapel member an
individual tribute, and announced some
eastern city as his objective point.
Garrett Bnstard is finishing strong.
He is about midway on his machine
apprenticeship and from present indi
cations he will make a good operator.
As soon as the democratic national
convention is over, our able telegraph
editor, H. G. McVieker, announced that
he , will visit the fair Jn St. Louis. He
expects to be gone about three weeks.
A machine operator was explaining
to a number of interested friends the
noble and kind traits of his cow. When
he was asked why he considered the
cow so modest, he said: "Because a
cow never blows her own horn."
C. H. Beaeham left Monday night
for a two weeks' visit to Oklahoma,
where, he has property . Interests. . At,
present his wife and little boy are on
a ranch, and the trip will be an en
joyable one, as well as one of recre
While walking up the street side
ways with a tendency to lean out
ward, Jake Greenley- was. met and
asked the cause of his peculiar navi
gation. , He sharply replied: "Noth
ing; only I've been printing italic all
It is known that H. C. Peate is very
fond of fruit pie. He reports that
cherries are ripening very fast in the
vicinity of his new home. It is hoped
that nis abnormal appetite for cher
ries will be once satisfied; and jthat
the owners of the trees will, llot sus
pect the object of his taking a few
nights off. '
James Leaden has again resolved to
get up promptly at 12:30 instead of 5
o'clock. He says he sleeps too much
and that as a result his optics fael
like an italic eye (I). While hitting
off ; a 10-mile clip down P street he
was suddenly hailed and asked what
the rush was about. He hurriedly
answered: "Getting to work' on
Accompanied with one of his ex
tremely fancy vests, with buttons as
large as a saucer, and glittering like
sunbeams, was pleasantly approached
for the negotiation of : a small loan,
but he unhesitatingly informed , the
gentleman that he was not easy,; and
furthermore that he wore rubber
neels, so everybody couldn't hear him
coming. Walter, w;as that you?,
' A nice looking y"oung man, but who
seemed to be in great anxiety, was
asked, "What can we do for you, sir?"
His uneasiness grew more apparent,
and finally said, "I comfi up in this
printing office to whip somebody " He
was copUy asked: "What for?" "Oh,
since the paper said my wife was
charming, .and entertained so lovely,
it has been impossible for me to get
along with her, and I've got to make
some kind of a showing."
Fred Mann, ad. foreman; and Wm.
McQuinnie, the genial cigar man at
Du Teil's, were out fishing in Mill
Creek for a few days. They report hav
ing a very pleasant and successful
trip. Fred's arms and heck are badly
sun-burned and his face is as red as
an auction flag. Will is in the same
fix, nevertheless they promised them
selves another trip in the near future.
Fish stories are difficult to make peo
ple beiieve, hence the writer will not
attempt to convince the reader of the
large number,' or the size of the fish
that fell easy prey to the fishermen;
but from accounts they must have
consumed a large quantity from the
fryingpan, else the wagon would have
broken down from being overloaded.
A tSt. Joseph's Catholic chinch in
York, Neb., on June 23, Mr. A. L.
Compton and Miss Katharine Keatns
were united in marriage, Rev, Father
Cullen officiating. The church was
beautifully decorated for the occasion
and upon entrance of the bridal party
a wedding march was played. The
bride was attended by her brother,
Bernard, and the groom-by Miss May
Neville. Only the immediate relatives
and a few iuvited friends were present.
The bride was charmingly attired in a
dress of cream voile, with hat of the
same color. The groom wore the con
ventional black. After the. ceremony
tho party proceeded to the home of the
bride's parents where ali partook of a
sumptuous spread. The bride and
groom were the recipients of many
valuable and useful presents, and hosts
of congratulations were offered. Both
have lived in York the greater part of
their lives, Mr. Compton being em
ployed at the Nebraska Newspaper
Union. last November Mr. Compton
came to Lincoln and has been em
ployed at his trade as ad. compositor
on the Lincoln Evening News. Mr.
and Mrs. Compton will live at 1451 N
street, where a home is in readiness.
The chapel and members of Lincoln
Typographical Union wish them a hap
py and prosperous future.
A. RAY BOWMAN.
The Evils of Child Labor
How mysterious are the ways of
Providence! Why is. it that children
of the tenderest year's are subjected
to the fiercest tortures? God give us
His Holy Spirit to amend our hearts
and lives, for we are desperately
wicked. They who do such things,
and we who do not prevent them.
S'hall I deliver my poor children to the
print works? God be with me!"
"How mysterious are the ways of
Thus wrote the great Lord Shafts
bury in 1845, when he . was in the
midst of the stupendous undertaking
of endeavoring to pass the factory leg
islation, that should protect the chil
dren of the country from the crushing
conditions under which they were be
ing compelled to work. Lord Ashley,
as he then was, had espoused the cause
of the weak, with the chivalry of a Sir
Galahad. Tempting offers of . a seat
in the cabinet had been made again
and again, if ' he abandoned his
I The Drug Gutter
I Always a Friend of the Wageworkers. 1
schemes of reform, but nothing
moved him from his holy purpose. ',
The lives of the children In the
cotton and calico works had specially
stirred his pity and indignation. Their
employment- began between the age of
seven to nine, but cases were known
of babies beginning work from three
to four years of age. Hours for young
girls were intolerably long, often last
ing from sixteen to eighteen hours a
The conditions under which the work
was carried on were abominable, most
of the - children contracted diseases
of the eyes, the wages were extremely
low, and education they had none.
Such was -the condition of the little
ones for whom Lord Ashley pleaded
and obtained a reluctant hearing be
fore the parliament opened, in Feb
ruary, 1845, by the young queen her
self, but on the 30th of June his bill
for the protection of these little slaves
became, through his unwearying ef
forts, the la wof England. Half a cen
tury ago Macauley wrote:
"It may here be noticed that the
practice of setting children premature
ly to work, a practice which the, state,
the legitimate protector of those who
cannot protect themselves, has, in our
time, wisely and humanely interdicted,
prevailed in the seventeenth century
to an extent which, when compared
with the extent of the manufacturing
system, seems almost incredible. At
Norwich, the chief seat of the cloth
ing trade, a little creature of Six
years was thought fit to labor.-" ;! v
An idea has therefore long prevailed
that child labor has been killed, that
this modern St. George had slain the
dragon that devastated helpless homes
and preyed on unprotected lives.
But in the last days of the nine
teenth century it was still true that
little children oiled with weary hands
and worn fingers, in a ceaseless round
of labor made almost unendurable by
the fact that school had to be wedged
into the, day of these i little "half-timers,"
as they are called, as well as the
grind of hard and pitiless work. It Is
true that the factory could no longer
claim children under eleven years of
age, but the garret worshops of the
slums were always open to the little
toilers where no factory inspection
could interfere. , ,i
The manufacture of ';dolls and , trie
making of dolls' clothes is an industry
in which many children are engaged.
Dolls, the idea conjures up happy
hours, tender memories. I can see
through the mist of years even now,
a certain waxen face which I thought,
the most beautiful in the world, and
I never smell the fragrance of the
hawthorn blossom without remember
ing a certain window through which
this precious doll was passed, when
I was in quarantine for some childish
illness, and this vision of beauty laid
in my arms that sunny spring morn
And yet the happy children who
clasp their treasures little know what
the word means to white faces, bend
ing in dark garrets over dolls' clothes.
A London newspaper correspondent
who, following in the steps of the
"Children's Earl," has done much to
effect the reform which has just been
made law, interviewed one of these'
little workers, and asked her age.
Nelly was only eight years old, thinly
clad, with shoes in holes, a pathetic
little figure, with a face already drawn
and sad. She explained that she lived
with her "mother, brother, one sister,
baby and me," the oldest of the lot;"
that her mother made dolls' clothes
for a living and she helped.
"How much to you get in a week?''
"Five shillings, but sometimes not
so much, and they all lived in one
room." . .
"What part of the work do you do?"
"All parts, sir. I can make dolls'
jackets and shirts and petticoats and
bodices, and everyfing wot it wears."
"And when do you work?"
"In the dinner times, but most in
the even's and nights."
"How late do you stop up, helping?"
"Till nearly 10."
What sad stories the gaily dressed
dolls could have told their little foster-parents.
Another mite of eight helped her
mother who made boxes. Twopence a
dozen was the price paid. The little
pale ace looked up and said:
."I have helped mother ever so long,
ever since I was 'quite little'."
"Why, you are little now," said her
interviewer. "How long have you
worked, two or three years?"
"I 'eiped 'er ever since 1 can remem
ber," was the answer.
These are home industries, into
which factory inspectors are not ex
pected to inquire; but the verdict of
the school mistress was the same, as
child after child passed under review.
"They have to toil and moil at early
morn and late at night to keep' the
hungry wolf from the door."
One of the children, a girl of thir
teen, was a barmaid in a. shon in
Bethnal Green. Her school hours
kept her employed most of the day,
but the dinner hour and evenings were
devoted to this calling, and nights on
"How late do you serve?" the child
"Till abaht 'leven, sir."
"How much do you get?"
"A shillin' a week and my food."
Willie, a pale boy, was employed by
an undertaker. A nervous child, whose
eyes looked as though they had rest
ed on grewsome sights.
"I works mostly all the evenin's,"
said the boy.. "I goes with the men
' ' 1330 O STREET.
POOL & BILLIARD
We manufacture our own Cigars
and our leading brands are:
New York Club, 5c
Cuban Pearl, itic
STRICTLY UNION , MADE.
TRY . . .
For Good Lunches or Good
Things to Eat.
' 117-119-121 No- 13th.
S. F. WESTERFIELD, Prop.
to measure; corpses, .and I 'elps to put
them in their coffins." '
But the revelations, of. the last few
years, thanks to those who have con
secrated their lives as the children's
friends, have shown how abject pov
erty ; can blind its victims until they
no loneer see the cruelties thev nrac-
tice in their feverish struggle for daily
bread. 1 When a woman is making
match boxes at twopence-farthing ' a
gross there is no leisure for love. Life
is one long drive to keep soul and
body together,, and children have to
be enlisted in the struggle. Here,
then, the state steps in. Is such leg
islation called "grandmotherly?" Then
I can only feel that the double tender
ness which holds a woman's heart to
the .child of her child is a good simile
of what a country ought to feel, and
how a nation ought to act to the child
whom it protects.
Victor Huga has said: "He who
has seen the misery of man only has.
seen nothing; he must see the misery
of woman. He who has seen the mis
ery of woman only has seen nothing;
he must see the misery of childhood."'
Now, thank God, in a large measure
the little half-timers are protected.
"Be it enacted by the king's most
excellent majesty," says the recent
act, "That a child shall not be em
ployed between the hours of nine in
the evening and six in the morning.
"A child under the age of eleven
years shall not be employed in street
trading. - ' -
"No child who is employed half
time under the Factory and Wordshop
Act, 1901, shall be employed in any
other occupation. ' .
"A child shall not be employed to
lift, 'carry or move anything so heavy
as to be likely to cause injury to the
"A child shall not be emploved in
any occupation likely to be injurious
to his life, limb, health or education,
regard being had to his physical con
"If the local authority sends to the
employer of any child a certificate
signed by a registered medical prac
titioner that the lifting, carrying or
moving of any specified weight is like
ly to cause injury to the child, or that
any specified occupation is likely to
be injurious to the life, limb, health
or education of the child, the certifi
cate shall be , admissible as evidence
in any subsequent proceedings against
the employer in respect to the employ
ment of the child." Lady Henry
Somerset, in Chicago American.
An Error of Diagnosis .
Stories of railroad accidents - were
being told at Tuxedo. Spencer Trask,
banker - and author, of New York, in
his turn, contributed the following: ,
vIn a certain railway collision, one
of the victims lay for a long time on "
his back across the ties. Finallv two
men picked him up, carried him to the
station and placed him on the floor.
" 'He'll lie easier, here," they said,
'till the doctor comes." "
"The doctor came a little later. .
" 'This poor chap is done for, I'm
afraid,' he said, glancing at the pros
trate victim. :. - 't k -,
"Then he knelt down, lifted, one ol
the man's closed eyelids and peered
into a dull, blank, unseeing, lifeless.
eye. ....... ...
" 'Yes, he's dead all right, . Take
him away,' said the doctor.
The pale lips of the injured man
moved slightly and a feeble voice mnr-
" 'That was my glass eye, you
fool.'" New York Tribune.
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