Bellevue gazette. (Bellevue City, N.T. [i.e. Neb.]) 1856-1858, June 10, 1858, Image 1

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A Family Newspaper Devoted to Democracy, Literature, AgricultureMechanics, Education, Amusements and Gonorai Intelligence.
! i
NO. 29.
VOL. 2.
Icllthu (Settle.
Henry M. Burt & Co.
Terms of Subscription.
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Announcing candidates for office
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Bawen & Strickland, ,
City Lots and Claims bought and sold.
Purchasers will do well to call at our office
and examine our list of City Lots, c. before
purchasing elsewhere. Office in Cook's new
building, corner of Fifth and Main street.
L. L. Bowen.
LAW, Bellevue, N. T. l-tr
S. A. Strickland.
LAW, Bellevue, N. T. l-ir
T. B. Lemon,
LA AY. Office, Fontenelle Bank, BHle
ue, Nebraska Territory. , lyM
C. T. Holloway, n
LAW, Bellevue, N; T. ' ' ; '-"1-tf
w. n. cook.
AGENT, Bellevue City, Nebraska. 1-tf
W. H. Longsdorf, M. D.,
Main, between Twent v-Fif th and Twenty
Sixth streets, Bellevue City. 33tf
W. "W. narvey,
will attend to all business of Surveying,
laying out and dividing lands, urveying and
nlattin? town and road. Offic on Main
treet, Bellevue, N.T.
B. P. Rankin.
LAW. La Plitte. N. T. 1-tf
J. P. Peck, M. D.
SURGEON & PHYSICIAN, Omaha, Ne-kr-taka
Office and residenc on Dodge
Street. Qy6) .
peter A. Sarpy i , 1
CH ANT, Bellevue, N. 1., Wholesale
in Indian uoous, norses, niuies, nu
D. J. Sullivan. M. D.. , t
. Head of Broadway, Council Bluffs, Iowa,
nov. 13 1-tf. '
. . SMITH.
Smith Sl Brother,
and Dealer in Real Estate, Bellevue,
Nebraska Territory, will attend faithfully and
promptly to buying and ellini Real Estate,
City Lot, Claim, and Land Warrant. Offic
on Main Street. 21-6m
Macon & Brother.
Jtl Omaha City. Nebraska. Office, on cor-
nerof Farnham and Fourteenth Street. 42tf
Greene, Weare Ac Benton
.1 J Bluffs, Potowattamie comity, Iowa
r IV.... CmAtr Inura
Greene. Weai k. Rice. Fort Dm Moine. la.
Collrrtionn mad t Tax paid j and Land
urrhaed and sold, in any part ot Iowa. , 1-tf
II. Solomon.
V LAW, Glenwood, Mills Co., Iowa, prac
tiees in all the Court of western Iowa and
Nebraska, and th Supreme Court of Iowa.
Land Agency not in th Programme, no 4-tf
I FASHIONABLE Hair Cutting, Shaving,
. Dvinr. and Bathinir Palnon. third door
west of the Exchange Bank, Omaha, N.T.
umD, uct. 1, 1'iSi
To ' the Public, . and, will . render
To tht wants of HIS GUESTS.
J. T.
1856. l-t(
Bellevue, Oct. 23
j. ii nnoHX,
rialismouti, Cass Co. JV". T.
ATTENDS to business in any of th Courts
of this Territory. Particular attention pMd
to obtaining and locating Land Warrants, col
lection of debts, aue taxes paid. Letters of
inquiry relative to any parts of the Territory
answered, if accompanied with a fee.
Hon. Lyman Trumbull, U. S. S. from Ilts.j
Hon. Jam-s Knox, M. C. " "
Hon. O. H. Browning, Quincy,
Hon. James W. Crimes, Governor of Iowa,
lion. H. P. Bennett, Del to C. from N. T
Green, Weare 4. Benton, Council Bluffs, I,
! Nuckolls tc Co., Glenwood, Iowa. 23tf.1
Ira A. W. Buck,
LAND and General Apent ' Pre-Fmptlon
Paper prepared, Land Warrant bought
and sold. Office in the Old Slate House, over
the U. S. Land Office.
, Hon. A. R. Gillmore, Receiver, Omaha.
Hon. F.nos Lowe, " t ,
Hon. 8. A. -Strickland, Bcllevu.
lion. John Finney, "
Hon. J. Sterling Morton, Nebraska Cifv.
Omaha, June 20, 1857. 35
Steam , Boat and Collecting Agents,
Dealer In Pine Lnmber, Doors, Sash, Flour,
i ; . . , Meal, Bacon, tc.
- (ZtF Direct Goods, " Care Class r. Is. Bto.,
Bellevue, Nebraeka." - ; . ; ... v2nl '
Florence, IVeltroaka, In Main Sr.
Town Plats, Maps, Sketches,
Business Cards, Checks t Bills, Certificate,
and every description of plain and fancy en
graving, executed promptly in eastern style.
Thomas Sarvis,
Afrit, Co:ubus, Tlatt Co., Nebraska.
Having traveled extensively over the Omaha
Land District, will enter land at the ensuine
Land Sale at reasonable rates. Taxe paid,
and money loaned for Eastern capitalists, at
Western rate on Estate security, nZ 'iy
Snyder te Sherman,
cil Bluffs, Iowa, wilt practice their profession
in alt the Court of ow and Nebraska. .
All collection entrusted to weir care,-at
tended to promptly. ; ., " .' "
Especial attention riven to buvine anrt Bell-
In!; real estate,'and making pre-emption in
Nebraska.. '
Deeds. Mortaces, and other instruments of
writinR drawn with dispatch j acknowledg
ments taken, ate., &x.
(TIT Offic west aid of Madison street,
just above Broadway.
nov 11 i
Stilt continues th above business at
N. T.
Merchant and Einierant will find their
rood promptly and carefully attended to.
P. S. I have the only W AREHOUSE fo
storage at the above named landings.
St. Mary, Feb, 20th, 137.. 2 1-tf-1
Tootle & Jack ion,' '. . . . ;
' CHANTS, Council Bluff rity, Iowa.
Having Lars and Commodious Warehouse
on th Levee at the Council mull landing
jar now prepared to receive and store, al
kind of inrrchandise and produce, will receive
and pay charge on all kind ot freijth o
that Steam Boats will not be detained a they
hav been heretofore, in getting com on t
r.i'.iv. frirht. lahrn the consume ar absent
I RirEftKNCES t Livermoore At Cooley, 8. C,
Dai t Co. and Humphrey. Putt at Tory; St
! Ixuis. Mo. 1 Tootle A, Fairleieh, St. Joseph
Mo. . J. S. Cheneworth L Co., Cincinnati Ohio
W. F. CoAilbough, Burlington. low. 1-tf
Discovery of Sir. John Franklin,
ay carhib mat.
" The rumored death of Dr. Kino
proves too true j the adventurous naviga
tor liiis embarked on his last vovuge.
lie has found Sir John Franklin.'
There came a Bound a wail of grief
From o'er the ocean far away t
Twa England mourning for a son,
Whose fate in shrouded darkness lay.
Fair Science held a tempting lure,
To win the brave one from his heme j
'And strong of hearths sailed away, '
O're northern eas and lands to roam, i
, , '. t : . , , ' , ;
Months, ycaM passed on, and waiting
hearts ' ' ' ' ' " ' '' '
Grew weary at his long delay, !
And anxious eyes gazed o're tht ea, .
. To watch his coming, day by day.
And yet he cam not. OUier land
Look"d on with sympathy and grief,
And sen! their vessels nobly manned,
To seek the sufferers with relief.
And one, Columbia's honored son
One noble-hearted, young and brave,
Left fireside hearth, and clustering friend
To earch for one he yet might ave.
Hope held aloft her burning torch,
To light our hero on hi way,
While faith sat at th vessel' helm '
. And steered their course by niht and day.
On, bn he speed, through mist and foam,
, , Past giant iceberg tall and griin, . ,,)
With hi brave heart 19 true and bold,:. , , (
, What wern those polar gale to him ? . .
. On, on he passed by isles of snow, '
And plowed his way through icy plains,
Till, with liis brave and fearless crew,
lie na ed the Ice King's bleak domains.
And he pale Monarch of the North
Sat on his crystal throuo of tate j '
And eyed our bold adventurer,
With chilling look of deadly bate. '
He sent his emissaries forth,
Who strove with might to bar their
Histr mpetcr, the North Wind, howled
Defiant threats in accents hoarse.
And ye, on Mercy's errand bent,
, Our hero nobly strugtlcd on,
AVhile Faith still sat beside the helm,
' And Hope still sung her siren tong.
. j :-
He heard the Nortty Wind's fearful voice,
' But hurled hi proutj defiahce back ; '
No muttering' threat could change his '
.course, n ? - '
When h wa ou the lost one track.
The Ice King shook his hoary locks, -And
sounded many a warning not 1 '
; And busily hi minion worked, ,
But onward sped me nouie noac.
Then fearful grew the monarch grim,
.And blfw a clarion blast in rage,
Tojmarshal all hii shidowy host;
One fierce, decisive war to wage.
The search went on. The brave ma n sought
The lost one o're the s pa and land,
Nor faltered in his noble work
Until the Ice King bade him tand.
And even then in conflict fierce,
He grappled his Insidious foe,
And sought, with more than humane foreej
' To lay the mighty monarch low ' ' '
. ... .' i .
He fought his way till Faith grew pile,
' Till Hope' wet voice was faint and law",
And th beacon torch she bor aloft ' ;.
Gave but a dim, uncertain glow,
And it he faltered theni Hwas not ' t '
To mortal foe he bent the knee,
He yielded to that fatal power , , . i
That reign o're northern Und and aea.
The Icy Monarch spared hi life,
But bade him bast to leave hi land :
With thought of future conflicts won, :
He marshaled hi devoted band.
Th foe had bound th gallant ship
In bond no human power could part
He left her with a lingering look,
And homeward turned with saddened
But Hope till fanned her flickering torch,
And whispered gentle word of cheer
That lighted ep the hero' heart, '
And held aloof the eland of fear. .
She pointed to a unny land, -
Where health should once more join '
'. ... bi train i t
And then, with fierce renewed, he laid
The lost one should be sought again.
TVy reach their home that llttltt band
And crowd of true, dtvoted friend
Cam with thoe gentle word and deed
True love and friendship ever llenJi.
Yet till tlie hero's heart wa ad,
And anxiously he (ought th land,
Where pallid brow and f tiding chetk
Wcr by 'lie southern brcex fanned.
Yet neither Health or Strength came back,
Though wooed within thoss sunny vale
And Hope ctill flirted round hi couch,
And vthi.-ipcrcd forth her gentle tale.
And rne calm, moonlight night there
Whilo weeping friends were gathered
A pilot from the unknown port
To which our hero' bark wa bound.
Ah, there were hurried partings then I
And mourning hearts in that true band, .
A Faith and Hope In triumph bor , , .
Th hero to that unknown land.
At last hi anxiou search 'is o'rl . , ,
And he but wait the trumpet' sound
. To shout the welcome tidings forth
That England' noble sun ii found.
The Had I.auilj of Nebraska.
The irnnortunt fnct is now becomina;
positively cstublishfd, that so far , as the
occupation of urnblo In nil is concerned,
wis hnvo reachea tho extreme iiiimoi our
territorial extension, oirikinfr westworus
from tho Missouri valley. The bnnks of
the Missouri rixer, it is true, including a
tract, on an average, an hundred and lu
ty miles wide, are fertile, but here, on the
westernmost side, arable soil terminates.
Two vry remarkable features mark tho
territory which then commences. One is
a vust extent of rainless plain whioh marljj
tho eoste rnmost slopes of . the Rocky
Mountains. ' The other is the Bad Lands,
or " Manvaises Terres," which exM in
their most remarkable development, 10
far as present exploration, poes. in Cen
tral and Northern Nebraska, but which
are to be found also in Western Kansas
and Arkansas. These lands have recent
ly been the subject of ktirreys, undertaken
both by the Smithsonian Institute a nu Ly
the American Government. ' - ':
Tho ceological formation of the UuJ
Land is fraught with many important
lessons. As corroborating the Mosaic
narrative of a deluge, they speak with
peculiar emphasis. The dreury level of
the surrounding prairie, is appalled by the
sight of a basin of fossil cemeteries, siuw
ing nearly two hundred feet below the ad-
ncent surface. On the sandy soil of this
asin rises an infiuite series of minaret-
looking peaks, some jutting up two hun
dred feet, and many painted on the sides
with the ; prismatic hues, lhe quaint
looking towers, the winding; alleys which
separate block from block, the occasional
buttresses which round off' one line of
streets, the chimney-like turrets that rie
over the ievel of the larger; and more
compact masses, give all tho evidences of
some vast but deserted metropolis; uaen,
however, the observer descends ' to the
supposed city, the delusion vanishes. The
perpeudicular walls fall backwards into
ilanting, weather-beateu rocks. . The
pavements crumble into sands, vvuich, in
the torrid heuts of August, parch the
traveller's feet as nur h as the vertical sun
oppresses his brain. The chimneys are
but blocks of rock, and the miaarels tpiin-
ters of spar.
These castellated structures, however,
though they are not the evidences of hu
man civilization, are iho water meters by
which are noted the progress of events
far more stupendous than ths of mere
mechanical enterprise. : The turrets and
columns of the Had Land are incrufctod
with tho fossil remains of races deposited
by the fretb witeruf he early tertiary
period. Animal which preceded the
mammoth and mastodon, and between
which and the mammoth and tho mastodon
there exist a chasm which neither class
has overpassed, are hereto befouud inon
equallud completeness. Thus, for instance,
in the rfrckvturiwn, a pecnnn jiacoyer
ed by David Dale Owen, in his explora
tion, and examined by Dr. Leidy (Owen's
Ueog. Sur., IDs,) are united iharacters
belonging to the pachyderms, the planti
grades, and the digiiigiades. With the e
are grouped a series of other individuals,
which demonstrate, to use the language
of Mr. Owen, himself by no means an
intentional supporter of the Mosaic ac
count, that "at the lime these singular
animal roamed over the Mauvaises Tor
re of the Upper Missouri, the configura
tion of our present continents was very
different from what it now is. J'urope
and Asia were then, in fact, nd continent
at all, being represented only by a few
Planus, scattered over a vast expanse 01
ocean. The Atlautic ' be a board of the
United States, back ti the mountain
ranges, and up the Valley of die Missis
sippi, as high as Vkksburgh, wa yet un
der water. In Europe, during the period
following the extermination of the Koccne
Fauna of Nebraska, the Alps have been
hesvt d up nearly their whole height ; and
iu Northern India, the whole Hubbiniala
jran rangu had Leon elevated." , .
So it is that on the Had Lands we find
tho water guage, which marks the rise
and fall of a deluge which, if not that of
Noah, relioves that great phenomenon
from all the dilliiiilties with which it has
been invested by the earlier skeptics.
A deluge which, if tlot universal, was
at least extensive enough to hnve sub
merged all the living members of a popu
lation as largo and as widely spread as
that of r.u rope at tho present time, not
only is possible, but is shown to have ac
tually taken place.
We hiive corroborating evidence as to
the seniority of the American continent
in tho conl-formations which Kansas and
Iowa 'exhibit in common with the Atlantic
Stales. Vegetable life, in tho valley of
the l'liphrntes, did not begin until Vace
nfter race of extinct hpecies of p'antshad
been buried in the vulley of the Missouri.
This is noticed by Aga3siz, in his work
on Lake -Superior:
"It is a circumstance quite extraordin
ary and unexpected," says thU quick, .ob
server, that the fossil plants of terliury
beds of Oeningen resemble more closely
the trees and shrubs which grow at pres
eiit in the Eastern parts of North Ameri
ca, than those of any other parts of the
world ; thus allowing us to express cor
rectly tho diderenco between the opposite
coasts of Europe and America, by saying
that tho present Eastern America flora,
and, I may add, the fauna also, have a
more ancient character than those of Eu
rope. The plants, especially the trees
and khrubs, growing in our Jays in the
United Status, are, as it were, old-fashioned
; and the characteristic genera La
tfomVs, Chelvdra, and the lame Salaman
ders with permaneut gills, that remind us
of the fossils of Oeningen, are at least
equally so; they bear the marks of form
er ages." And on the same point Hugh
Miller says: " Not only arc we ateistoiii-
td to speak of the Eastern continents as
the Old World, i:j cuntradisluxtioii to that
post-diluvian world which succeeded it.
And yet equally, if we receive the term
in cither of its acceptations, is America
an older world still an older world than
that of tho Eastern continent an older,
world, in tho fashion and typo of its pro
ductions, than the world before the Flood.
And when the immigrant settler takes
ax amid the deep backwoods, to lay open
tor the first time what he deems a new
country, the great trees that fall before
him the brushwood which he lops away
with a sweep of his tool the unfainilinr
herbs Which he trample under foot the
lazy fish like reptile that scarce stirs out
of his path as he descends to the neigh
boring creek to drink the fierce alligator-like
tortoise, with the large limbs and
small carnace, that he frees watching
among the reeds for fish and frogs, just
as be reaches Hie water ana tne ntue
hare like rodent, without a tail, that he
startles by the way- all attest, by the an
liquefies of tho mould in which they are
cast, how old a country tlrj seemingly new
one really is a country vastly older, in
type at least, than that of the antedilu
vians and the patriarchs, and only to be
compared with that which flourished on
the Eastern side of the Atlantic long ere
the appearance of man, and the remains
of whoso perished productions we find
lo ked tip in the lota of the Hbiue, or
amid the lignites of Nassau. America
is emphatically the Old World." .
There is an interesting question not
unfamiliar to the natural theologian which
arises this state 01 lads. Miouia a
hkornic, if there had been such in those
days, hare traversed the expanses of the
West, lie might have t irned . upon the
immense tracks of apparently useless
vegetation by which the soil was covered,
aud si eerir.i 1 asked, in the spirit of some
of our modern free-thinkers, what was
the use in all this waste jf power?
What is there here to support life," he
might cry, "even if life should comet
Hurley, maize, wheat, rye, rice, and the
nutritive grasses, where are these I In
stead of these come gigantical tropical
plant., throwing outwards the thick blades
of their edible foliage from their coarse
trunks, and countiess hosts of pine, mat
ting (each Fall) the floor of the earth
with the yrllow tpires of their Summer
leaves. -Fur what purpose is this!" And
yet, bud he been able to have looked for-
ward, he would have seen this apparent
waste of power the agent by which the
refinemei.t, lit comfort, and tusteuance
of myriads te come were to be secured,
He would nave seen these gigantic forests 1
whose rocessei were at one time travers-l
ed only by the huge animals of the mid
die geological period, laying themselves, I
tree after tree, down to die in graves'
where their bodies, in the slow process'ot j
ages, were to be turned into vast layers
of bituminous coal. From these layers,
deposited in fields which it would take ,
illimitable ages to exhaust, he would sesi
issue tho fuel which would supply the
comforts and provide for the necessities
of a nwhty people bv whom these basin
were afterwards td bo iababited. By it
ou the banks of the Upper Mississippi,
the taw-mill is turned, into which is float
cd lumber from tho recesses of the St;
Croix, to bn cut up and shaped into wood
work out of wjiich are to be built th
quiet little home, the neat schoolhouse,
the simple church with which the prairies
o Illinois and Iowa are t3 be doited. By
it is to be impelled the hardy little atsam
tug which penetrates tho bar-locked inlets
of Lnke Superior, as well as the gorge
ous steamer that navigates the Mississip
pi and the Missouri. By it the machine
ry is moved that lifts a river from its
chanuel, carries it to the tofiof a hill, fend
then distributes it over a city in streams
so varied and so appropriate, that. in one
place, whilo it spurkles in the copious jets
of a public fountain, in another it passes
into the backyard, of the court wher
the washerwoman makes her living, th
dangers of disease and pollution are r
moved, and the cheapest, and yet the best
of drinta, afforded to those to whom a
free use of it is indispensible to health
if not to life.
There is a great deal in such a patient;
and yet such a majestic, unwinding of th
chart of Providence as this, on which we
can well ponder. The Sow or Mam
Himself Ho who was afterwards to take?
upon Him tho very flesh, but alas! under,
desolate comforUessness, the comforts of
which in others lie was so abundantly to
provide thus spoke before even the be
giuuing of timet "Before the mountains
were settled, before the bills, was 1 bro's
forth. . While as yet He bad not made)
the earth, nor the Melds, nor the highest
part of the dust of the world. When He
prepared the heavens, I was there ; when
He a compass above the face of the
depth, when he established the clouds
above, when lie strengthened the founds
lions of the deep, wlWi htsyppointed the
foundations of the earth, tuir I was
with him, as one brought up with him
and I was daily bis delight, rejoicing al
ways before Him; rejoicing in the habi
table part of the earth and my delights
were with the sons of men."
One other theistic inference arising'
from tho geological explorations of the
Had Lands, I may be permitted to notice:'
" Every specimen as yet brought from the
Bad Lands," says Mr. Owen, "proves td
be of species that became exterminated
bffore the mammoth and mastodon lived;1
and dider in thir specific characters, not
only from all living animals, but also front
all fosssls obtained even from contempor
aneous geological formations elsewhere;
In other words, the Had La rids record a
miracle with as sharp preciMori as do the
first chapter of Genesis, the fourth cbapJ.
ter of the second book of Kings, and the
eleventh chapter of John. It is a crea
tion, not by the ordinary process of gen
eration, but by a divine fiat, of a new
family of living creatures; The calling
of life into the widow's child was not by
"any means so violent a disruption of what
philosophers call the laws of nature, as
the awakening of a new period of ani
mal life in the then untrodden bottom of
the Missouri. Lazarus, rising from the
grave, broke not so much in upon these)
same laws, as the starling up from bis
miry bed of that gigantic hornless RhU
noceros the Rhinoceros Nebrascencis,
described by Dr. Leidy who was the
Adam in the race, whose last as well as
whose first members now lie in the eocene
tertiary of the Had Lands. The records
of Mich creations and extinctions as these
is the record of miracles, as distinguished
from history, which is the working of nat
ural laws. . The latter narrates the march
of second causes; the foimer, of first.
In this view we have a most complete ref
utation of Mr. Hume's famous position;
that no human testimony can prove a
miracle ; because what is contrary to oni
versal experience ran not itself be shown
by substantive proof. The universal ex 1
perience of man, as he would argue
which established the uniformity of ani
mil generation, would exclude the rece po
tion of any evidence whatever of a crea
tion Ly a direct Divine interposition. But
this is as if an insect whose term of life xs
! a moment, and the history of whose race
occupied but half a dayi should declare
that the clock whose ticking' sounds so son-'
jorusly in his tiny ears, and which from
'the memory of bis remotest ancestors
I never ceased to strike in the same equal 1
beats, is an institution of perpetual exist
tnce, any deviation in whose t curse no
tvdence can be received to prove. Tell'
li m that at some rm o'e period, thai
clock was wound up by extrinsic power
and he will tell you that such a winding
up is contrary to all insect experience;
and that be will bear nothing to prove rt'
Now, while human history details the
ticking and movements of the dock, a
i 1