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About The Omaha morning bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 1922-1927 | View Entire Issue (July 17, 1922)
The Omaha Morning Bee
VOL 52 NO. 25.
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OMAHA, MONDAY, JULY 17,
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j ,TVO CENTS
Kansas City Labor Official
Calls Harding "Chief of
Strikebreakers" in Labor
Women to Aid Strikers
A rnilitant speech by G. F. Mount
of Kansas City, genera! vice presl
dent of the carmen! union, opened
women's meeting in Labor temple
The meeting was called to effect
an organization aimed to help keep
up trie morale ot the. linking railway
Haying President Harding as "the
chief of strikebreakers," Mount! alio
denounced the railway board as "men
who never worked for a day'i wages
!- . .i t ,
in mcir mc ami increiore Know
nothing of the conditions under
which we life and work.
"We are not striking against the
government and we are not going to,
unless the govcrnmcut put! into ef
fect the declaration announced in the
morning paper," he cried. "But we
cannot abide, by the dictate! of three
men who never worked themselves.
Government ownership of employe!
that'! what the transportation act
is, and it's aimed to crush us back
Into the conditions -we were in 15
year! ago." ,
Sayi Wage Basil Wrong.
'"The cost of living is not the way
v o determine wage Tor us, any more
than it is for doctors, lawyers or rail
Toad executives." he argued. "It's
not fair to let us exist merely on ba
con and beans while they eat porter
house and sirloin steaks.
He appealed to the women, as well
as the men, to "stick together to win
"If we do, there are not enough
'scabs' in the country to -do our
work and we win." he continued.
"Somebody has to stop the depreda
tion of the labor board into our
wages and working hours and' it fell
to the shopmen to do it."
He denounced federal judges, too,
for "obeying the behest of Wall
street," in granting injunctions.
Woman Urges Action.
"Be not parasites, but take a hand
in the fight," was the appeal of Mrs.
Lottie Lake of Havelock, organizer
of the women's auxiliary to the ma
'This is our fight as well as our
men's," she declared.
Officers were named from among
the 30 womeji present, also commit
tees to serve coffee and sandwiches
to pickets on duty, and to continue
the work with cool drinks during the
ax, q intervals of every 3 or 4
A relief committee to report tarn
ilies in distress was also chosen.
nffiVr Are Named.
Mrs. Nellie Friestley, 3354 Drexel
street, South Side, was named presi
dent. Mrs. John Brown, 3614 South
Thirteenth itreet, vice president;
Mrs. Thomas Shannon, 1615 Curnuig
street, secretary treasurer. Mrs.
Charlotte Slaven. 3307 South Second
Arsct, heads the' group to feed Bur
lington pickets; Mrs. Gertrude Hage:
man 1502 Binney street, Missouri
Pacific and M. and O. shops, and
Mr. Anna Svkora. South 5ide,
Union Pacific roundhouse.
Mrs. Harry Jensen, 7915 North
Twenty-eighth street, Mrs. F. ,M.
Gibbons, Gray Gables, Twentieth and
Davenport, are the officers on the
Mrs. Mary Menzies, president ot
the local machinists auxiliary, uu
- Mrs Howard Gates are others active
in the work. Dues will be 5 cents
per member, per month.
Woman Is Killed
As Auto Overturns
Mrs. Amanda Coleman, 65 re
ceived injuries from which she died,
and her "husband, Charles Coleman,
is in an Omaha hospital likely to die
as a result of their car plunging
down an eight-foot embankment two
miles north of Benson yesterday
The Coleman residence is at trity
sixth and Lafayette avenue.
Mr. and Mrs. Coleman were out
for a Sunday afternoon drive with a
nephew. They were returning to
their home when the car veered from
the road and took the plunge. The
nephew escaped with bruises.
Clerks on Southern Road
Taking Vote on Strike
Washington. July 16. Seventy
five hundred members of the
Brotherhood of Railway and Steam
ship Clerks, Freight Handlers and
Station and Express Employes of
the Southern railway and its af
filiated lines are taking a strike vote
on the labor board's decision reduc
ing their wages, it was made known
here by Claude E. Pullian, vice
chairman of the, union for the
Southern system. " .
The ballots, which have just been
mailed, are returnable July 20 at
the brotherhood division head
quarters in Chattanooga, Tenn.,
and it was emphasized that the re
mit will involve only employes of
the Southern system.
-Mexican Deputy Claims
Immunity After Shooting
Mexico City. July 16. Another
deputy of the federal congress, the
third within two months, has shotan
unarmed citizen and then claimed im
munity from arrest because of his
Late last night Deputy Francisco
Gonzales shoi Ignacio Gonzales, a
student of a military school, in the
Colon cafe, a resort of military offi
cers. In police court Deputy Gon
zales claimed immunity from arrest
because he was a deputy.
Day s Developments
in Shopmen s Strike
Peace negotiation! to end the
!hopmen'i strike were temporarily
ataitandiill following Saturday'
separate conference! between bop
crafts leader, railway executive!
and railway labor board members.
Executive! of wetern roadi de
clared they wilt not agree to any
plan inconsistent -ith the labor
board! decision, but are willing
to attend any meeting to effect a
settlement in line with the board'!
E. F. Grable, head of the main
tenance of way organization, after
a conference with Preiidcnt Hard
ing laid there would be no imme
diate walkout of hii organization.
Chairman Cummins of the in
terstate commerce committee laid
hearings will be started soon look
ing toward a revision of the trans
Troops are requested at San Ber
nardino, Cat., to protect railroad
Notify Leaders They Will Not
Confer on Settlement Terms
Chicaco, July 16. (By A. P.)
The third week of the railway shop
men's strike opened with peace nego
tiations practically at a standstill fol
lowing Friday's separate conference
between rail executives, union heads
and railroad board members when
the differences were described as
Western carriers issued a virtual
ultimatum to the strikers, asserting
that they will not agree to any plan
inconsistent with decisions of the
labor board and will not confer with
the strikers while the walkout con
tinues. The statement, issued by the
western presidents' committee on
public relations, placed rcsponsibil-
ty lor the continuance of the strike
on strike leaders, and apparently left
but one course open for a settlement.
i he executives, the statement said.
"are perfectly willing to attend any
meeting, of participate in any hear
ing called by the labor board with a
view of affecting a settlement that
would not nullify but uphold and
carry out the board's decisions."
Plan to Reopen Shops
B. M. Jewell, head of the shoomen.
indicated Friday that working rules
ana wages, both based on the board s
decisions, must be settled satisfac
torily before he will consent to call
off the strike and take the matter be
forethe labor board.
Virtually abandoning hooe of an
early settlement, many roads, ac
cording to a labor board official, are
prepared to make a determined ef
fort to reopen their shops the first of
the week with nonunion employes.
With the carriers apparently de
termined to maintain traffic as near
ly normal as possible, the ranks of
the strikers were expected to be
augmented Monday by a walkout ofj
,..1111,11 OIIU UU&l 3, W1111C Al VjlCVt"
land he American Federation of
Railroad Workers have voted to
walk out the first of the week.
' Chicago, the hub ' of trre strike,
was fuiet. Mr.' Jewell announced he
would have nothing to say over the-week-end,
while labor board media
tors apparently were nonplussed by
the "fundamental differences" dej,
veloped at Friday's conferences.
Federal court orders restraining
strikers from interfering with the pe
titioners continued to'be- granted.
Troops are requested at San Ber
nardino, Cal., to protect railroad
property and representatives of Sec
retary of War Weeks and Governor
Neff of Texas were investigating the
need for troops at Denison, Tex. Dis
orders occurred at Scranton, Pa.,
where one was shot.
Indication that the strike would
have" an early effect on crops was
seen in statements from Fresno, Cal.,
that $200,000,000 worth of" fruk is
endangered, and from Macon,
Ga., that railroads have begun to
withdraw their solicitors from the
peach and melon districts.
The statement by rail executives
said that reports from railways iw
all parts of the country snowea gams
in the number of men in the shops
since the strike began. The situa
tion, the statement said was better
in eastern territory than elsewhere.
"Developments show," the state
ment continued, "that the main thing
needed to insure the return of nor
mal conditions is protection of men
who want to work from violence by
strict enforcement of the laws.'
Where injunctions have been is-
(Tnrn to Pace Tiro, Column Two.)
If Not Today
At some time or other in our
lives there comes a day
when we need to have
"Want" Ads work for us;
and if we go without their
services, we are "hard put"
to fill our wants.
f Possibly you are not in need ,
of more help today or you
are not house-hunting or
you are not seeking a posi
tion or do not want to sell
your business or farm TO
DAY But, as true as you are alive,
the day is coming when you,
will need some of these
Z Prepare for that time by
reading and using Omaha
Bee "Want" Ads TODAY.
- ft A
City At$tS ' , -wded to
Capacity ,ahher League
Assembles tor Con
ference. 300-Voice Chorus Sings
The city auditorium was crowded
to its capacity ytstcrcay afternoon
at the opening services of the 30th
international convention ot the Wai
ther league, an organization of Lu
theran young people with 40,000
A big band of Walther leaguer!
from rremont furnished music pre
ceding the services. The band ar
rived yesterday morning and march
cd from the station to Hotel Rome,
convention headquarters, where
played sacred music in the lobby.
Ihe OmahaWalthcr League cno-
rus of 300 voices one of the best
trained choruses in the west, sang
two special numocrs.
Sermon by Chicagoan.
The sermon was by Rev. Paul G.
Prokopy of Chicago, on the text,
"Fear the .Lord and Serve Him in
Sincerity and Truth."
"When we cease giving mere spare
time and small change to the Lord's
the solution of the lerious
problem! 'now confronting the world
will be on the way," ne aeciareo.
"Law and order are being flouted
and the mob smrit prevails. Suspt
cion and alarm are in the air because
there is so much deceit and traud.
Nations tremble on the verge of
bankruptcy. Immorality gnaws at
the vitals and foundation of the state
and pleasure madness and money
madness are rife.
Sees Symptoms of Decay.
"p.,r, th hnHv of the shurch
there aresvmotoms of decay. Many
churches have lost sight of their mis
sion of soul saving and have become
social clubs, teaching that the only
thing necessary to salvation is to ao
good. Doing good is part or our
relie on but it is not the lounaauon.
It is our mission to restore to tf
ligion its pristine principles and pre-
serve us vigur m uuc iuvvwBj
An address of welcome was made
by Rev. Lawrence Acker of Omaha.
Spirited singing of hymns and of
songs written for the convention
marked the opening service.
It was said to be the largest audi
ence ever assembled in Omaha for a
Ail Hav vesterdav delegations con
tinued -to arrive, at headquarters and
the lobby ot rne nome in
serted an appearance of great activ
ity as they were assigned, to hotels
500 Delegates Here.
it, last niffht there were 500
delegates and more than 1,000 other
persons trom out oi iowu
registered for the convention. The
Rome, Castle, Flatiron and Keen
hotels were already filled and many
guests were assigned to private
The California delegation, number
ing 50, has headquarters at the Castle
hotel. More than 50 are here from
New York city. The third largest
delegation is from St. Louis. Others
are from Alabama, the far north
west, New England, Canada and
from all over the country.
Two girl delegates hiked here
from Cedar Rapids, la., covenngjhe
277. miles in 10 days.
The league colors, orange and
black, are displayed in hotel lobbies
and on automobiles, of which a great
fleet are engaged transporting the
Amelia Wehrs, chairman of the ex
ecutive board of the convention, has
a staff of assistants, and the Cham
ber of Commerce has a staff co-op
erating to take care ot tne Dig anur,
Mayor to Speak.
The convention proper will open
at 8:45 this morning in the Auditori
um, with devotional exercises, fol
lowed by addresses of welcome by
Mayor Dahlman and J. Gehrig. A
response will be made by A. A,
Grossrhann, president of the league,
Reports will be made by the exec
utive secretary, field secretary, treas
urer and service secretary. Kev. K.
Jesse of St. Louis will make an ad
dress on What the Church hx
pects of Its Young People."
This afternoon's session will open
with a report by the junior secretary,
Hulda A. fcickhort, toilowed by an
address by Prof. J. T. Mueller of St.
A march by the leaguers through
the streets of the city is scheduled
for this afternoon and tonight there
will be an automobile tour through
Council, Bluffs and a picnic at Fair-
mount park. The men of the con
vention are invited to see the Ak-
Sar-Ben show tonight.
The convention will continue until
Thursday. A big banquet will be
held in the autditoium tomorrow
Famine in Russia Under
Control, Hoover Reports
Washington, July 16. Famine and
plague in Russia are under tontrol,
President Harding was informed by
Secretary Hoover, in a preliminary
report on the use of United States
grain corporation funds for relief
work. The situation, Mr. Hoover
added, promises to be mucji better
after the harvest, although it is Jpo
early to determine whether Ameri
can relief work will be extended.
Mr. Hoover reported that to July
1, 140 shiploads totalling 788,876
tons of food and medical supplies
were provided for Russian relief, of
which 428.449 tons were purchased
through the grain corporation and
360.430 tons through the American
relief administration. The total
funds mobilized by the relief admin
istration for Russian supplies, includ
ing the $19,300,000 authorized by
congress from grain corporation ac
counts, was $59.49?
Man Wanted by Omaha
Police Kills Himself
St. Taut. July lo. Oliver Frsiier
40, alias C. O. Cleary, alias Oliver
J. Fishrll, wanted by the Omaha
police on a charge of forgery, shot
himself through the heart and wai
killed during- a icuffie with two tie
JHcctives here tonight
I Neil C. McMahnn, one of the de
tectives, was slightly wounded in the
Frazicr had been arrested at
downtown corner and was driving
the officers to the police station 'in
his automobile, alleged to have been
stolen hi uetroit. as tney nearea
the station, Frazicr stopped the car,
sot out and drew a pistol. As the
officers reached for ihe gun. Fraier
turned it on himself and fired.
Mrs. Frazicr claimed her husband'
body. She told police that at one
time he had been practicing lawyer at
St. Louir for four yean. She has
wired relative! for assistance.
In addition to the widow, four
Proposes that Government
Issue Money and Equity
Certificates for Value
New 'York, July 16. Thomas A
Edison, turning his inventive mind
to economics, has evolved a monetary
plan, the two-fold purpose of which is
to enable the farmer to grow his own
money and to furmsh the country
with a non-fluctuating medium of ex
He proposes that the government
shall build a system of concrete
warehouses to which the producers
of basic, non-perishable commodities
derived directly from the earth, pri
manly food stuffs, but also titires,
oils, metals and minerals, may bring
their surplus goods for pledge and
On these commodities, the govern.
ment shall forthwith issue ct.rrcncy
up to one-half of what has leen their
averace value over a period cf i
years, without interest At the same
time the owner receives an equity
certificate to represent the other
half of his commodity. This he may
keep, sell or borrow on at the bank.
It is the pawn ticket.
May Withdraw Products.
At any time"witbin the "ier ' the
holder of this pawn ticket, presenting
it at. the warehouse, together with
the exact amount of money issued
upon the commodity when it was
pledged, may withdraw the stun.
The government then cancels the
money and the transaction is closed,
The period of storage is limited to
one year. Commodities not re
deemed within a year shall be sold
by the goyerjnnvmt to reimburse it
self. The inventor holds for this plan:
First, that the farmer, with his sud
den, seasonal need for money, will be
self-financing, like the gold miner,
who turns his output into lawful
money at the nearest United States
mint and, second, that the money
issued upon such basic commodities
will be an absolutely nonfluctuating
medium of exchange, since it will
represent actual wealth in the cus
tody of the government wealth in
things necessary to human existence.
Mr. Edison defines the farmers'
The farmer, unlike the manufac
turer, does not produce what he sells
(Turn to Page Two, Colnmn Three.)
Body of Unidentified Man
Taken from River in Iowa
Iowa City. Ia., July 16. Authori
ties here are trying to establish
identity of the body of a middle
aged man which was taken from
the Iowa river late Saturday after
noon. The condition of the remains
was badly bloated, indicating that
the body had been in the water for
some time, physicians stated. Small
boys playing near the river noticed
the body" and notified the police,
There are no marks of violence ori
the body, scouting theories that the
man was a victim of foul play.
Penitents Confess Sins
Followers of Voliva Admit Shortcomings Which
Range From Chewing Gum to Stealing Chick
ensMan Who Attends Movie Draws Wrath.
Omaha Bee Leaned Wire.
Chicago, July 16. Terrible sins,
ranging from chewing gum to at
tending a motion picture show, were
among the confessions made Satur
day and Sunday, general confes
sion" days at Shiloh tabernacle,
Zion City, where General Overseer
Wilbur Glenn Voliva is dry-cleaning
souls at the rate of one per minute.
Voliva marshaled the penitents in
to the first three rows of seats in
the auditorium. Repentance was
business-like and practical. Confes
sion and repentance were conducted
on the lines of an exchange desk in
a big department store.
The morning's program was start
ed by an elder who confessed the
theft of a chicken. His repentance
had come too late to restore the ac
tual property, but the elder de
scribed his pilgrimage back to pay
for the bird.
The janitor, endeavoring to over
come the liquor habiti was hotly de
nounced by Voliva for stopping in
saloons for a drink of water when
horse troughs and pumps were avail
An eider who carried a plug of
France Not Bound
by CQmmission on
French Favor Separate Pres
sure", if Necessary, to Extract
Cash Demand Provisions
- of Versailles Treaty. -
Paris, July 16. France will' not be
bound by the majority vote of the
reparations commission allowing
Germany a moratorium on cash pay
ments for 30 months.
If the British, Italian and Belgian
delegates vote against France, which
was awarded 52 per cent of the repa
rations, the French government will
take it uoon ltselt to collect the
amounts due from Germany by
whatever means Paris deems best.
The French attitude, favoring sep
arate pressure against Germany in
some form, is being made abundant
ly clear in the Temps, whose of
ficial inspirations are unquestioned.
Furthermore this attitude has re
ceived confirmation by the Tribune
in the highest official circles which
are hoping that Belgium will follow
France. Belgium holds the balance
of power among the four delegates
unless America participates.
"No majority decision of the com
mission can deprive France of the
right which is written in the treaty
of Versailles demanding that before
there is any moratorium the various
resources of Germany must be as
signed for the payment of the repa
rations, and if necessary service on
the internal German debt is to be
suspended," says the Ttaips. ,
It adds that Premier Poincare will
certainly not go to London for a'
meeting with Prime Minister Lloyd
George to discuss a moratorium in
the face of the British unwillingness
to seize German revenue.
Hawaiian, 110, Expires
Honolulu, T. H., July 16. Joseph
Maria, one of the oldest inhabitants
of Haiwaii, diad here Saturday. Rela
tives said that hewas 110 years old.
tobacco in his pocket, to prove he
had overcome the chewing habit,
arose and put the case-hardened
plug to his mouth and then restored
it "to his pocket. His performance
did not greatly impress Voliva. y
The sensation of the day came
when a traveling man told how,
marooned in a small town, he had
sought to relieve the monotony by
attending a motion picture show.
"Terrible," shouted Voliva. "I
was alone in a small town for 16
hours and I never went to the
devil. Write your wife a letter
"I do," said the penitent, humbly.
Gum chewing came in for an aw
ful panning. One woman who said
her sister lacked the courage to
arise and denounce her husband who
is addicted to the frightful habit of
chewing gum, got up and did the
One man who said he had accum
ulated more of the world's goods
than he actually needed, was in
structed to hasten home and come
back with his pocketbook. More
than 2.000 persons confessed during
the two days' ceremony;
The Cootie .
Cyclone Hits Town
in Iowa; Wires Down
Des Moines, Fuly 16. A storm of
tornado proportions struck Boone
and surrounding territory tonight,
according to meager reports received
here by the Associated Press.
It was reported that a cyclone hit
the town of Ogden, 20 miles west of
Boone. Telegraph and telephone
wires are down in this section. Col
fax was in the path of the storm.
Boone's electr4'-hfht plaut is Out of
Road to Protect
If Strike Settled
President Gray of Union
Pacific Assures Workers
Jobs Will Not Be Bar
tered by System.
Union Pacific strikers who return
to their jobs now will be considered
new employes and workers hired
sincethe strike began as well as em
ployes who remained loyal ,are as
sured that their jobs wiii not be bar
tered in any settlement of the shop
strike the system may make. The
assurance was contained in a letter
from Carl R. Gray, president of the
system, to R. E. Calvin, vice presi
dent. The letter ,mdae public here
last night, follows:
For the information of the general
public, from whom inquiries have
reached me, as well as for the assur
ance of our shop employes and those
who are entering our service every
day, and to the end that our former
employes may thoroughly under
stand our position, I wish you would
communica'te the contents of this let
ter to the public through the press
and to all of our officials, so that the
public and each former employe
hall be personally advised in regard
4 "Chairman Ben W. Hooper of the
United States railroad labor board,
July 1, 1922, issued the following
"Regardless of any question of
the right of the men to strike, the
men who take the strikers' places
are merely accepting the wages
and working conditions prescribed
b ya government tribunal 'and are
performing a public service. They
are not accepting the wages and
working conditions which an em
ployer is trying to impose. For this
reason public sentiment and lull
government power will protect the
men who remain i ntheir positions
and new men who may come in.
Rules Cannot Be Changed.
"Subseauentlv the labor board
has declared that the rules and work
ins conditions under which the me
chanical forces were working before
the strike are still in full force and
effect. They cannot be changed ex
cept by an agreement between our
employes and the management of
this system or in event of failure to
reach mutual agreement by our em
ployes (not the former employes)
ami the management, exparte or
jointly referring the disagreement to
the United States Railroad Labor
board for decision, therefore, since
our former employes left our serv:e
of their own free will and accord,
thereby ceasing to be employes of
this system, the public, and those
who remained loyal to our service
and those who have entered the
service since the strike, as well as
those who are entering our employ
daily, may ret assured that the man
agement of this system will use)
every resource at its command to
(Tors to Fa Two, Columa Bct-)
Branch Plan of
Attorney General Declares
Scheme "Would Also Give
Monopoly . in Retail '
' "Reimplement Trade.
Lincoln, July 16. Attorney Gen
eral Davis asked the state bureau of
securities not to grant permission
for the proposed sale of stock by
retail implement companies, be
cause, in his opinion, the plan of
organization will mean what he says
will ultimately be a monopoly for
the International Harvester com
pany, in both the manufacturing and
He has advised Chief G. T. Tou
velle of thesecurities bureau to sus
pend action" in permits asked by the
Fairmont Implement company and
similar companies in York and Col
The attorney general made his
recommendation following a con
ference yesterday with Alex Legg
of Chicago, representing the Inter
national Harvester company, who
explained the plan of organizing
companies in Nebraska, and who
told Mr. Davis sucn companies had
been organized in Kansas, Minne
sota, Montana, North and South
Dakota, Illinois, Iowa, Indiana,'
Ohio and New York.
The attorney general says in any
event permits to sell stock should
not be granted until the par value
of the stock to be offered for sale
in Mexico Alarming
Mexico City, July 16. The eco
nomic situation in Mexico is crowing
worse daily. President Obregon has
beeir forced to reduce the salaries of
all government employes from 5 to
IS per cent, effective frojn now on
until the end of the year. Officials
elected by "popular vote are exempt
from the order: These include sena
tors, congressmen, members of the
supreme court and the president of
the republic. The salaries of public
officials, including school teachers,
were not paid last pay day. It is
stated that the warfare against the
rebels is responsible for the present
New Italian Consul to Be
Guest of Honor, at Banquet
Italians of Omaha are preparing a
banquet to be given Monday, July
OA if tt.. TlmtiAeie r.Gtaltritit in
honor of Sebastian Salerno, who was
recently appointed Koyai Italian
consul for Nebraska. The Italian
consul from Denver is expected to
be present. Mr. Claudio Arezzo,
managing editor of the local Italian
newspaper, "II Trogresso," is in
charge of arrangements and all res
ervation should be made at his of
fice. 70S South Thirteenth street,
Atlantic 4764, not later than Friday
Monday: Showers and cooler
S a. m..
S - m..
1 a. m. .
S a. m..
14 a. m..
II a. m..
1 p. m.
t p. m..
S p. m.
4 p. m..
5 p. m.
S p. m..
7 p. ..
to Coal Men
Harding Will Attempt to
Shape Conipromiii? Proposal
Acceptable to Miners
Force Only Alternative
By ARTHUR SEARS HENNINO.
Omitba ! Lraard Wire.
Washington. July 16. President
Harding will make a final effort
Monday to settle the coat mine
strike before resorting to the power
of the government to force resump
tion of full coal production.
When he receives the reply f tha
operators to his arbitration propo-.
sal, the president will endeavor to
shape a compromise between tne
positions of the miner and the op
erators which he will ask both sides
That the presiden still believes
there is room for a settlement of the
dispute became known tonight while
the operators were in session, dis
cussing the reply they plan to make
to Mr. Harding Monday. The opera
tors adjourned without action, to
meet Monday for final decision on
their reply. In the meantime they
will caucus by districts.
Rejection Not Final.
It was learned that the president
does not regard the miners' rejection
of his arbitration plan as final and
that he has given ample reason for
this conviction by Secretary of Labor
Davis, who is in close touch with
John L. Lewis, president of the
United Mine Workers. '
Lending color to this interpretation
of the attitude of the miners is the
fact that the policy committee of the
union has remained in Washington
and is to meet again Monday morn
ing. It is reported that Lewis has
held the committee here at the
instance of administration officials
who believe that the reply of the op
erators will leave room for further
negotiation for a basis of settlement.
Will Be Final Offer.
The understanding is that if the
president is able to work out a fair
compromise, he. will put it up to the
miners and operators to occcpt with
out further question, in default of
which compliance he will proceed to
exert the authority of the govern
ment to reopen the closed mines.
With A. M. Ogle, president of the
national coal association, presiding,
more than 50 operators were in ses- J
sion to a late hour debating the atti-
tude they Bre to adopt toward v
president's settlement proposal. Opin
ion was greatly divided and th'ost
word from the- assembly room was -that
the reply could not be evolved
The operators were unanimous,
however, in asserting that they could
not accept the president's plan un
conditionally without courting bank
ruptcy. It was contended that un
der the president's arbitration plan it
would be possible for the miners to ,.
force the indefinite continuation of
the old high wage scare, which would
mean no reduction i nthe 'cost of
coal mined in the union mines, and
the inabilit yof union mines to com
pete with nonunion mines.
Oppose National Wage Scale.
The operators also voiced objec
tions generally to the establishment
of a national wage scale. They con
tinue to stand out for collective bar
gaining by districts or! limited to the
central competitive field and are
averse to accpetance of an arbitra
tion n an admittnm the possibility
a national contract being, forced
The leaders among the operators
advocated making a reply to the pres
ident .setting 'forth in detail what
portions of his plan - they can ac
cept ad what portions they feel com
pelled to reject. It was evident, how
ever, that the reply is being pre
pared with the contingency of fur
ther negotiations with miners ih
mind. It therefore, presumably, will
not represent final concessions on
the part of the operators any more
than the policy committee's reply
to the president is believed to fall
short of final concessions on the
part of the miners.
The president is so hopeful of
bringing about a settlement that he
postponed, for the time being, any
action in the direction of envoking
the power of thegovernmnt to reopen
the closed mines. Secretary of Com
merce Hoover and Attorney General
Daugherty saw him during the day
but it was stated that measures of last
resort to avert a fuel famine had been
only casually 'discussed.
Numerous operators were outspo
ken in welcoming action by the gov
ernment to force resumption of full
coal production. They said they
would be glad to have the govern
ment take over their mines and op
erate them, having failed for some
time to operate them at a profit and
realixing that they would operate
them at a loss, if at all, in the event
they were compellcd'to accept the old
wage scale. 9
Most of the operators also said
they would be glad to reopen their
mines under an arrangement where
by, the government, while not taking
over the mines, would furnish pro
tection for workers tiling to mine
coal at a reduced wage scale, which
the perators put into .effect April 1
and which caused the strike.
A good deal of doubt was ex
pressed, however, that this latter plan
would be wholly successful. It was
pointed out that it probably would
be a failure in Illinois and Indiana,
in which states miners are required -to
have state licenses. Thse licenses
are issued by a state board composed
of two miners and one operator. With
the license board controlled by the
union, licenses might be withdrawn
from miners who sought to work in
mines protected by the Eovern-
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