The Omaha morning bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 1922-1927, July 12, 1922, Page 6, Image 6

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The Morning Bee
TMI lit Mm ituiuM aa
" " i etiel tr else run it
Ntl arerete circulate f Tk Omasa Bee, June, lU
Daily 71,731 Sunday. . . .77,034
B. BREWER, festers! Maaer
a , t tLMER I. ROOD, C Ire alalia Mauiw
war Is and lukecriboal a. tare aw tM, s,a 4., ( Ju,
(5-1) w. M. QUIVEY, tt.tli fcillT
Private Branek Kiehaate. Aik for the Department .,
r Pereoa Wanted, for Nlht Calls Aftrr 10 f. II. 1 ATlaatie
EdlUrial Department. ATlantia 1021 or 11. 1000
Mala Office 17th and Ferrisa
Ce. Bluff .... it Scott St- South Side stli S. Mtk 8t
New York lit Flfta Avanua
WMklm toi 421 Bur Bid. Chtease . . lit! lUger BIJ.
Paria. France 4:0 Hut St. Heasra
Four hundred and thirty-five representatives and
thirty-two senator are to be elected by the people
this fall, to constitute the next congress. This is the
the staple articles rxJl for convenience) and com
fort In the life of the people, and a reduction la the
purchase of foreign-produced luxuries naturally
should mean an increase in buying of bonie-maJa
ware of tht mora substantial kind.
A two-year moratorium and billion-dollar fold
loan are chief of inrredient in the prescription that
la being compounded for Germany. These should
constitute the sugar coating on the pill that ahe will
have to swallow, the necessity of rearranging her In
ternal finances on a sound basis. France Is reported
as obdurate on the point of reparations, and unwill.
In? to consent to any modification of the treaty. She
will, it is now reported, agree to the moratorium.
while it ia expected that the United States will take
the bulk of the loan.
For some undiscovered cause, the debate steps
gingerly around certain points that ought to be con
sidered. One of these is that German business men
have carefully safeguarded their affairs by making
large deposits in banks outside the country. An
other la that European capitalists are driving some
very sharp bargains Just now, and are taking full ad
vantage of a situation they partially control. The
economic chaos, so continually referred to, exists, but
ran be relieved in a large part by the simple rule of
"Heaven helps him who helps himself." As long as
governments and statesmen stand around, waiting
for the miracle to como to their relief, nothing is
likely to occur.
Hundreds of billions of wealth were destroyed in
What Editors Elsewhere Are Saying
Bm Hard and Hie AasaUlante one for lawyer and the courts to
Pram the Bootes Traoeertpt. dtocuae. We have not baen lm-
Chance alone seems to have spared 9r howrr. with many of the
the life of Mammilla. Harden, noted VERS tit?9 NdVra,
German publicist, and editor of Pie aovernment hsa no authority
Kuaunrt, wno was stabbed nearly to " v' n protect tne uvea
death In a lUrlln suburb. With " ',"1 !m,fnM,
Identlfylna? hla aaaallanla and. a. ?houJd remedied by whatever
cordln to tha lataat artirlrea eh.. noary. All tne
ira nin luenunea ana nop o ar ,,,,,, ..u " .
to be former soldiers, and members J..':! ' J ? F'0,'"
of the "Association of National- L1 ,kVI"1L "v.!r2T.nA!"Jl8n f.4
Minded oldler." a reactionary.
antl-Hemltio and monarchist organi
zation. Whether resunnslb la or not.
tha monarchist group are sure to be
blamed for the attempt on Herr
the rlsht to protect millions of cltl
sna acalnat barbarities that would
auwrar a Junsle. It la the equivalent
of aaylna that thee millions shall
nave no protection whatever, forei
perlenie shows that state and local
Harden' Ufa. as the judgment of K;hr m.- . lull .Tai .
tha mi-, has already condemned ?m,LffiM,
them for the aaaoaslnatlon of Era- '"'J.'hl 1, ffli,Pr.0u!ctl.0un
big element of interest in the campaign that now is
in progress. A large proportion of the candidates tBe Kre,t war, and the creative power of the people
for at leaat half a century was mortgaged. All the
are present representatives and senators, Becking re
election. . These know from experience what is ex
pected of them, and it may not be going far amiss to
say they have faithfully tried to realize the ut
most of their opportunities.
It has remained for a democrat from Mississippi
to put the matter in a concrete form. Representative
Lowrey, who, before going to congress, was a college
president, has presented each of his colleagues with
a little address on the duties and responsibilities of
a candidate. A man who is fit to represent his dis
trict in congress ought to be capable of shaping the
ideals of his constituents, argues Dr. Lowrey, and
that thought he stresses throughout his appeal to his
fellow members. He warns them in particular
against three pernicious things by means of which
the minds of the voters may be poisoned.
First of these is the corrupt or unlawful use of
money. It makes no difference which end of the
transaction a man stands at. He is guilty if he gives.
The nature of the campaign in the Fourth con
gressional district, over the nomination of candidates
or if he receives. "He is not only taking advantage J tor sUte university regent, is not entirely pleasing
wealth that will be created for the next fifty years
ia represented by the debts that were owing at the
time the armistice was signed. To this Germany and
France have added many billions, through the foolish
expedient of undertaking to pay currenf expenses in
fiat money. The experience of the assignats is being
The collapse of Germany may be prevented, and
undoubtedly will be, but the recovery of Germany
will not be possible until the financial policy of the
republic has been reformed. The Wirth cabinet real
ized this, and all that remains now is to determine
if the chancellor has the courage to do the thing he
knows needs to be done. His chance for everlasting
fame ia before him now.
The people
beraer and Rathenau,
are swift to make their own
nipnti, and a whole host of drnlals
will not be sufficient to persuade the
supporters of the Germun republic
that the reactionaries and those
who dream of the rebirth of Ger
man Imperialism are not the au
thors, eithfr dlrert or Indirect, of
the recent series of tragedl.
An Incisive and polemical writer,
bitterly hostile to the theory and ran people. It combines reason with
The way to nnd out whether th
Dyer law would be unconatltutiona
la to pass It. There Is no other way,
so far as we know. There Is no such
preponderance f opinion ugalnst Ita
validity aa to conntitute a reason
for refusing Its enactment.
Congress aa a Mirror.
From tha Mlnnvapolla Journal.
Congree Is a mirror of the Amerl
the practice of l'an-Germanlsm,
Herr Harden was a perpetual thorn
In the side of the kaiser's govern
ment. He exercised somewhat the
same function In Germany aa Mr.
George Bernard Shaw has exercised
In Great Britain. In common with
the latter, he has been an untiring
drmnaogucry, selfishness with gen
vrorlty, the practical with the un
practical, and work with just mere
talk. If one wants a truly repre
sentative impresHlon of the American
people, there la no better place to
seea it tnan in congress.
Yet a good share of the public Is
critic of the social nnd political or-I always dlHwitlsfied with congress. To
der. and if less brilliantly endowed
with nntural gifts than Mr. Bhaw,
he has had In compensaton the ad
vantage of beng more fundamentally J
The Imperial government, at any
rate, took Herr Harden so seriously
that In July, 117, It ordered the
suppression of Die Zukunft for th
balance of the war. Since the close
of the war he haa been one of th
staunchest supporters of the republic
and one of the most Inveterate foes
of the monarchists. On more than
hear the grumbles and complaints
about th people's representative In
Washington Is common enough. But
to sea citizens workina to reform
that body Is rare indeed. Her In
Minneapolis, for Instance, only about
50 per cent of the voters have shown
any Interest the past week in the
matter of who is to represent them
In the senate and house.
That does not mean that con
gress has no faults. It most cer
tainly has, and serious ones, too.
But It faults are but the reflection
of a fellow man and corrupting an individual voter,
but he is undermining the very foundation of our
Slander and villification come next, but scarcely
below the use of money to corrupt elections. The
third and possibly the most hurtful of pernicious
practices is the crime of the demagogue in arousing
passion and hatred for political advantage. On this
point the address says :
, "Whoever or whatever excites the passions of '
1 the people fans flame which may result in general
' conflagration. There ia everywhere a spirit of
disrefrurd for law and fretting against authority
a kind of feeling that government is oppressive
and la making Itself a curse rather than a blessing,
and that those who are in a position of, authority
or leadership are corrupt and oppressive and are
wilfully responsible for the ills that beset us.
The demagogues of each political party and of
each section encourage this. Jt is to their selfish
Interest to have the people believe that the men
who are In responsible positions in the govern
ment are scoundrels and tyrants and are bound
together la a heartless' league to exploit and op
press the masses. History has yet to record where
any man or group of men who rode into elective
office on "such a creed brought good and not evil.
Representative Lowrey warns his colleagues that
in going before the people this year they have an un
usual responsibility and a wonderful opportunity.
They may establish a spirit of charity, or concord,
and of helpfulness, or they may breed discontent,
danger and certainly bitterness. The sermon is a
timely one, and deserves attention, not alone from
candidates for congress, but from all who are run
ning for office or taking any part in politics at all this
year. It is a good time to practice a little the virtue
of toleration, to awaken, the reason of a voter rather
than to stir his passion.
to those who have the interest of the university at
The campaign hinges very largely on a dispute
of several years standing over the question of whether
or not certain schools of medical teaching should be
recognized by the university medical college. That
question and personal issues resulting from it con
stitute the chief arguments being advanced for and
against the various candidates. The discussion has
become warm to the point of vituperation.
None of this bodes particular good for the univer
sity. Six men to govern it can hardly be chosen
solely on the basis of this or similar issues, with good
result. The qualifications for this office should be,
above all else, integrity of character, breadth of
vision and capacity for straight thinking. Regents
should be picked by these general standards, and not
by reason of their attitude on some particular
dispute. , 1
In general, Nebraska voters are too busy on other
engagements to give much time to the preliminaries,
ao such as go to the polls next Tuesday in the main
will be untrammelled by prejudice incident to
speeches heard. Such as have attended the rallies
and other gatherings are impressed with one im
portant point. Republican candidates have each a
definite program; in a large measure it is the same
program, but with sufficient of variation to note the
difference in the men. They stand for something
concrete, and do not stutter when telling it to the
voters. -
On the other hand, the democrats have a single
plank. Each wants to get the nomination, and he is
not overly nice in his methods, believing more in re
sults than in how they are obtained. Therefore, the
democratic campaign, when it gets away from the
aspect of unreasoning criticism of everything the
republicans have done in state and nation, becomes
a mere quest for votes. Whatever the candidate
thinks will get him attention in a particular locality,
that is adopted. Just as the general policy of the
party is a hodgepodge of ideas, ranging from state
socialism to old-time bourbonism, embracing the
"neutrality" that has enabled a Bryan to stand along
side a Hitchcock, so the state campaign is one of
kaleidoscopic qualities,
, One aspirant advocates this, another that, and
the third something else, and they alternate and
"vacillate as the community happens to be wet or
dry, liberal or standpat, with only one purpose shin
ing clear, a desire to get the votes.
When the republican ticket is chosen, it will be
one that will have the respect of all, because it will be
made up of men who have squarely told the world
what they stand for. On the other hand, the demo
crats are likely to have some difficulty in squaring
the views of the men who are to lead their fight, al
though the party that can put up with the show of
"neutrality" now offered can stand anything.
Comes now the Treasury department to testify
that Americans are cutting off some of their foolish
ness. Customs house records show that the importa
tion of luxuries is falling off, both in number of arti
cles and in value. This statement covers the entire
range, from automobiles on down through the alpha
betical roster. Of the fifty articles enumerated in the
import statement, and ordinarily classed as luxuries,
only half a dozen show increases, while the value for
th full year of 1921 totals approximately $330,000,
000 against $525,000,000 for 1920. Reasons for the
shewing are not hard to find. Last year was not one
of a sort to encourage extravagance; comparisons
With 1920 may not be the best guide, for that was the
climax of a postwar orgy of luxury and reckless ex
penditure. The -tendency, however, is undoubtedly
in the line of more judicious purchasing, which is of
rantag to the home trade, for America produces
We know that it is a risky thing to venture a
statement concerning street accidents, yet can not
restrain an impulse to pay a deserved compliment to
Omaha drivers. Several days have passed since a
child has been killed, and without a really serious
mishap of any kind, due to careless driving. True,
some bibulous persons have dallied first with sur
reptitious hootch and afterwards tried to steer an
automobile, but vigilance on part of the police has
usually squelched these before they did much damages
The record is a good one, and deserves to be ex
tended. It is proof that care will bring the result
hoped for, and care once become a habit will make
the safety of the public thoroughfares-an assured
fact. If in the past automobile drivers have been
scolded, it is now a pleasure to note the fact that they
merit commendation.
Some complaint has been raised about the thought
less pedestrian. He still is present, in goodly num
bers, and daily takes awful chances on the street.
If some good fairy will only get into his head the
thought that he, too, has a share in making the streets
safe, the probable result will be a notable contribu
tion to the general sum of safety.
We think it is unfair to blame parents on account
of the presence of children in the street. No father
or mother willfully allows a child to get into danger.
But children are elusive, and slip away when mother
is busy on other things; intent only on play, the
youngster follows his ball or other toy into the street;
the chase leads merrily across the sidewalk and down
onto the forbidden pavement, and there you are.
Children are cautioned, but seldom heed. This is
natural, and must be taken into account.
The big fact is that Omaha has had a very good
record lately in the matter of street accidents, and
we hope it continues.
one occasion he has praised tne or the faults or the citizens. Tne
United states for Its nonpartlclpa-1 correction will not com first In
tion in European affairs, and not I oongreas, but in the people as
lone since he defined th Genoa con-1 whole. As long aa there are so
ference as a "poiaon-aas factory many citizens indifferent to govern
which failed to meet the test," and ment. or unthinking, there will be
as a conference wnere everyDoay 1 demagogues in wasnington, just as
failed "except Lloyd George." It la there will be selfish and impractical
easy to understand how formidable
an obstacle the monarchists are
fUndlng in their path in the person
of the editor of Die Zukunft.
Such acts, however, as the assassi
nation of Erzbereer and Rathenau,
and the attempted assassination of
Herr Harden, are not likely to aa-
Speaking as a private citizen on
The Decline of the American Gov
ernment," John W. Weeks, secretary
of war, aaid the other day:
There ia an ever-increasing tend
ency on the part of the citizen to
interfere in the details or legislation,
vance very far the fortunes of the al)( tna representative In congress is
monarchists. Murder Is murder. In rapidly becoming merely the dele
Berlin no less than In Ireland and Kat of his constituency. This Inter-
Illlnols, and it is altogether a hope- ference tends to make the repre
ful sign for the future of Germany gentative timid and instead of enjoy
that the monarchists were forced ao jng. tj,e dignified status of a real rep
completely to abandon th streets of resentatlve he is reduced to the
Berlin when the republicans staged status of a mere machine to carry
out the whims and caprices of his
AH of -which Is only further evl
dence that congress faithfully repre
sents and reflects the convictions,
passions and general character of
the American people. Its faults are
vesterdav theit mammoth (lemon-
stratlon in honor of the German
A British scientist estimates that the world has
been ten billion years in building, but the way some
people rush about onelnight think they planned on
finishing the job in a minute. ,
A Yankee inventor is interesting the British in a
new machine that makes water pump itself. His
illustration looks good, but probably has a catch in
it somewhere.
A dispatch from Berlin tells part of the story. It
says: "The strike of the printers had one beneficial
effect; it stopped the presses and the issue of paper
Bre'r Edmisten regards voting the republican
ticket as the unpardonable sin, and he is going to be
surprised at the number of sinners there are in Nebraska.
Quite a' number of Nebraska republicans show
litle faith in the democratic claims of success.
Uncle Sam's floating bars are attracting more at
tention than some of the stationary kind.
Democratic women of Omaha decline to be
counted as "neutral."
Some more of the candidates may be speechlea
next week.
"Neutrality" may yet defeat the neutralized.
On Second Thought
The charity that makes paupers is not
The Seniority Rule In Congress,
From th Cincinnati Tlmea-Star.
Isn't It about time that congress
aot rid of the seniority rule?
Recently that rule has piayea some
strange pranks. It threatens to play
some even stranger pranks next ses
sion. 1 .
It was the seniority rule whicn
made Fordnev of Michigan chair
man of the all-important ways ana
means committee of the house. It
is the seniority rule which has put
LaFollette in a position where he
mav become chairman of the equally
important finance committee of the
senate. If Laf'ouette snoum attain
this distinction it would be because
of his years of service and because
God save the mark! he calls him
self a republican.
The seniority rule is at tne doi
torn of an argument which the re
tiring chairman of the republican
congressional committee started the
other day. Mr. Fess remarked tnat
a democratic victory in iNOvemoer
would mean that most of the im
portant chairmanships would go to
southerners, ana tnat congress,
thorefnre. would nass under south
ern control. This argument caused
some democratic newspapers ex
treme pain. They attacked it as
anctinnal and oartisan. But tne
tart are about as Mr. I ess put tnem
Northern democrats have to ngnt
for their seats In the senate or the
house; as a rule they do not remain
than one or two or three
fermR. Democrats from the south
have an easier time. Once they get
into congress they are apt to stick
nmnnH. And. if thev do. the im
portant chairmanships gravitate In
ih r direction, naturany.
What wnuld occur to a business
which picked its executive officers
goieiy on tne dhsis 01 icnm ui -
Ice? And what would occur to an
army whose commanding officers
were always the men who had been
longest in uniform, regardless of
brains or fitness to command.
It used to be a popular idea In
Washington that senators, during
the first three or four years of their
service, should be seen but not heard.
They were supposed to sit around In
silent admiration of the wisdom of
their seniors.
Nowaday senators wno represent nn voorl pYnprifnr-f nt an
wwereien states are apt to go into years experience as an
action more quickly. But the old educator in Nebraska schools.
seniority rule in the apportionment
on. a system which holds that a I Stands for progress, econ-
man must necessarily be fitted for omy, efficiency and a square
d'SechaTrmanshlps' merely deal for all School interests.
because he has been in Washington
for a Jong time, Is plainly out of
place in a country which, in most
respects, ia as businesslike as ours.
The Way to Find Out.
From tha Clevaland Plain-Dealer.
To the surprise of its opponents
the Dyer anti-lynching bill has been
recommended for passage by the
senate judiciary committee. ine
favorable report Is credited to Henry
Cabot Lodge, whose constituents are
generally in favor of the legislation.
It had been expected that the sen
ate would let the bill rest in its com
mittee pigeon-hole, at least for the
present session, and this favorable
report putting It passag or rejec
tion directly up to the senate is
causing a good deal of embarrass
ment in some circles.' .
Tn the oDinion or some senators,
notably William B. Borah, this meas
ure, if enacted, wouio De unconsti
tutional. Accordingly, they argue
that the bill should not be passed.
ThI view of the situation haa been
strengthened probably by the recent
supreme court decision knocking
out th child labor law. The opinion
is not, however, generally accepted;
there are plenty of senators who
ar unconvinced that the proposed
act would stand the test of court
Decisive action one way or the
other ought to b taken before this
seaaion adjourns. It would be cow
ardly to dodge tne issue oy negieci
or postponement. If there ar votes
enough to pass the bill, no time
should be lost in sending it to con
ference; if it is to ba defeated, noth
ing will be gained by delay.
The Question of constitationauty is
Guard Tow Politico.
Omaha, July 10. To th Editor
of Th Omaha lie: Your editorial
in today's Uau. hadd "turvants of
th Public," deserves careful delib
eration wherein you say "Only when
th peopl ar negligent, when thay
eaaae to vigilantly and zealously
guard their politics, do th unfit, th
bnaviah and th crafty get control."
Th height of patriotism in a free
government is individual vlgllunc
and without this spirit prevailing
amongst its cltlsns fr government
cannot last. JEHHV HOWAUD.
Cooling In Omaha.
Omaha. July . To th Kdltor
of Th Omaha Bee; Browsing
around on bonks today I picked up
"Tn I'atn to Home." by Illiair
Belloc. On pne 1(1 I was startled
to read: "They cook wora In
I'ndevlller (Switzerland) than any
place I waa ever In with th pos-
sihl exception of Omaha, Neb."
Turn this over to the Chamber of
Commerce for Investigation.
Where did he eat? Was It a
Chamber of Commerce luncheon
when ha waa hare on war work?
Surly it waa not Ed Maurer's, wher
the planked steaks would mak
Epicurus green with envy.
is mere any restaurant In Omaha
today wher you can set a aood
Cafeterias are all right for lunch
eon, but to get a dinner you have
s go to aome Chines reataurant
and then be disappointed. For ob,
vious reasons I would not want the
Chamber of Commerce to know that
even for a moment I suspected that
the famous writer was referring to
its noonday lunch, but I think the
matter ought to be Investigated.
State Superintendent of
Public Instruction
Candidate for Second Term
Non-Political Ballot.
Solicits your support on his
experience, qualifications and
record in office.
Cuticura Talcum
Soothes And Cools
Altar a warm bath with Oxfcara
Soap thare is nothing mot refrsB
lag for baby's tender skin than
Cuticura Talcum. If bis akin ia red,
rough 0 irritated, anoint with Cvtb
etna Oiaamwst to soothe and bsal
They arc ideal for all toilet oaa.
iWtlmli, OMBartalaadlte. 1
Judges and Politics.
North Tlatte. Neb.. July s To
tne aaitor or Tne umana Kee: In
your issue of today, under a Kearney
aate line, I una an article ascribed
to M. A. Brown, editor, and N. P,
McDonald, attorney, seeking to
Justify Judge Hosteller's candidacy
tor congress in spite of the inhibi
tion of the Nebraska constitution,
on the theory that congress is the
sole- judge of the qualification of Its
members. In doing so they ar beg
ging the Question. The Question at
issue la th right of th people of
neorasaa to derme tn Qualifica
tion of its Judges and to keep its
courts from being dragged through
the mire of politics.
We have had political Judges in
the past to the scandal of the state,
and to provide against the re
currence of such a state of affairs
Nebraska has sought to protect its
courts from any political influence
first by prohibiting a candidate for
Judge from receiving any partisan
endorsement and reauirlng to sub
mit his candidacy to the people as a
whole on a nonpartisan ballot;
second, by providing that- as long as
he holds his position as Judge he
shall not be permitted to drag his
court tnrougn the mire of politics
by becoming a candidate for any
political office. This provision does
not prevent the Judge from exer
cising his right to become a candi
date, but he can only lawfully do
so by resigning his Judgahtp before
ha file with lha aecretarv of atata
hia aeraptunc of his candidacy for
vun areas.
Tha wladoni of these provisions
rsn ba readily aaen. Th dlatrli-t
Juilga la th moat powerful and Im
portant offlc In the slat; to hlin
Is entrusted th power of determin
ing tha rights of all persona within
hla Jurisdiction to liberty, tif. and
all their dearrat social and property
rights. By this first provision th
people hav sought to awoure the
electon of an Imlfpendant Judiciary,
responsible only to tha mas of th
people, Indifferent to th political
opinion or activities of tha attorney
practicing befor th court, or th
By th second provision th peo
pl hav sought to at all limes keep
their courts out of politic and to
remove from the Judges th tempta
tion to wield the Immense power
and prestige of the court to their
elfish advantage and to prevent a
Judg from having an unfair ad
vantage over his competitors for the
urn orrice.
How real this danger and unfair,
ness Is ran be readily seen in the
case of Judge Hosteller.
Th most powerful elements In the
control of the politics of Huffnlo
and Custer counties, embraced with
In the judge's district, ar th nu
merous attorneys and bnnkera. Sup
poalng an opposing candidate should
go into these counties and under
tak to enlist their support in his
behalf in opposition to the Judge,
what would be the result? The at
torney would probably say: "While
I am a friend of yours and believe
tnat you would be th better candi
date, yet while I make my bread
and butter in Judge Hosteller's court
I could not afford to oppoae him
and risk my interests and the inter
ests of my client by doing no." With
the banks it would be th same;
with present and prospective litiga
tion in the Judge's court, they could
not afford to arous th hostility
of th Judge.
All of this complication could
have been avoided If th Judge had
followed the plain mandate or tne
law by eensing to be a judge be
fore he became a candidate, by fil
ing his resignation ns Judge before
accepting hia candidacy for con
gress. Had he done this no would
have entered the field on an equality
with the competing candidates.
It was a eftd mistake th Judge
mad when he undertook Ignoring
the plain mandate of th statute.
Judge Hostetler accepted of his
election and took the oath of office
to support the constitution of Ne
braska and It Isws. Including the
statute h Is nw seeking to vad.
Thr I loo much labrking
and valon of our ls. and It I
mighty bad rsampl ih Juds w
aettlng th discontented alrments. If
district Judge ran aside th"
Isw, when It Interferes with hi sel
fish deslr. Why should Ihey bet pun
Uhed for Ih Infraction f ' '"
JVrvvtHianra KipUlnetl.
A train on on of ih road run.
nlng out of Indianapolis 'rurk n
old hors at a rroaslng and on of
th pasngers became very much
fstltid. 8om on finally remarked
on hi nervousness and hj 'n7!
"Hlr. If you had 120.000 of sun k In
this road you'd fel ju B I do.
"Why, w only hilled Bn old
'"'"Kxitctly. but you don'l know on
hut a mighty smnll affair d'v''nJ'
. . . ......a nowadava." Boston
a re passed
AlMMiIuu ly Fundamental.
W look for no Darwinian hir
odoxy in Middletmry rolles. ,UB1
has a new president In lr. Paul
Moodv. son of Dwlght U Moody, th
evangelist. Th Iradltlone of that
family ar orthodox nn e unaiirr
able aa th laws of the Modes and
Ptrslana Brooklyn Ksgle.
! nolle Be slwiye mok' lanlsle
.ISe!s Uet.W.-Y. but ld T
aotire lht they're uo initials.
Nrw Vork Mun.
"Thst was a
srsiiBd itfilr ProMl
Wh.ppl.'. funeral." ."Are.
fund a' eomP 1 bHe be d hen It
;. .s.ln7 ss b. tea .elendetieue h. d
deld leng a so." !"" FstS Show.
Minsger Slop that tl'l '"J here, slrl Ouest We re nnt dsne.
mil Mr wife baa fainted. London Tast
ing Show.
Willie!" ikea the pretty teaehtr.
"ht is tha Dlural of mint" Mea."
wared lha emu II pupil. "Aad tha plural
o( ahlld?" "Twine." The CresvenL
ui.tM.. wai if vmm , . r . married.
would you believe all your buabsnd told
ouT Msld Lswke. no moml Hut for
the peace and quletneaa I'd make Blm
think 1 did. London Mail.
"I hear yaur wife had twine yesterday."
tr.ii h. wnnM venture to enter the
world alone la three llmeet" Christum
TTnrla Ifirnm llsversack Bay it .
Isn't the cost of th Jun wedding
that hurt, but the upkeep of th
son-in-law. Janesvllle Oasette.
All Work Guaranteed
1513 Douglae Tel. Doug. SSaB
Illinois Central Railroad Co.
To All Illinois Central System Shopmen: Chicago, 111., July 10, 1922.
On June 14th I addressed a communication to you in which I appealed to
you to cast your vote against the proposed strike. Since that time the strike
has been called by your leaders, and some of you have left your positions, wnUe
others have remained steadfast. I feel that the time has arrived when I should
make clear to those of you who have left your positions, as well as those of you
who have remained, the position of the Illinois Central System with reference
to this entire matter. ' , , A. ... v t. .
In my letter to you of June 14th I enumerated the three things which your
leaders proposed to have you strike against; namely, (1) contracting of shop
plants to outsiders, (2) the order of the United States Railroad Labor Board re
lating to rules and working conditions and (3) the order of the United States
Railroad Labor Board establishing rates of pay effective July 1.
The question of contracting shops to outsiders is not a part of the contro
versy so far as you and the management of the Illinois Central System are con
cerned, because this railway system has not contracted any of its shops to out
siders. The questions involved in the matter of rules and' working conditions
and the ordar establishing rates of pay effective July 1 are the only ones at
issue. They are not questions between you and the Illinois Central System man
agement. They were decided by the United States Railroad Labor Board and
those of you who are out on strike are striking against lawful decisions of a
branch of the United States Government.
It goes without saying that the public welfare cannot permit the revoca
tion of a decision of a governmental agency under a threat of the use of force.
No patriotic citizen would expect such a thing to be done, or would have it done.
We believe that we have the best government in the world, but you will all
agree with me that it would not lpng so remain if its institutions could be over
ridden and set aside in the manner sought by those who are contending against
the lawful decisions of the United States Railroad Labor Board.
The management of the Illinois Central System believes that those of you
who are out on strike have been misled. It bears no feeling of hostility toward
those who left its service. To those who have remained loyal it acknowledges
a debt of gratitude. It feels that it has a valuable asset in its old employes, and
it is eager to hold them together. It believes that, if those of you who are out
will calmly analyze the issues upon which you are striking your better judg
ment will assert itself and you wiM return to your positions. I sincerely invite
you to return. Moreover, I earnestly advise you to pursue that course.
Those who report for duty not later than 11:59 P. M. Monday, July 17,
1922, may do so with the resumption of full seniority and pension rights and
will be treated as if their services had been continuous. Those returning after
that time, if accepted, will rank as new employes.
I trust that those of you who are out will consider this matter seriously and
that your action, whatever it may be, will turn out to be for your own best inter
ests, as well as the best interests of your families and those dependent upon you
for a living.
I ask those of you who are striking to bear m mind that you accepted the
decisions of the United States Railroad Labor Board when they were favorable
to vou, and that the Illinois Central System accepted those decisions which were
unfavorable to it. Let me also again remind you that since December, 1917,
you have received three general increases in wages and that your hourly rates
of wages in effect at present, as fixed by the United States Railroad Labor
Board, are fronT40 to 113 per cent higher than in 1917, as follows:
July, 12 ISir IncreaMs
Hourly Rata Hourly Ratee Over 1817
Machinists, Boilermaker and Blaakamith. . . . . . 70 BO 40
Helpers, various classes 47c 29 He to 321 c 45 to 59
Coach CarpenUra 70c 40 75
Freight Car Carpenter 63c 35 He 77
Car Repairmen 63c 29 He 113
Upon reflection, I believe that you will be broad-minded enough to accept ,
the recent decisions of the United States Railroad Labor Board which you con
sider unfavorable. A long-drawn-out contest would mean losses and suffering,
not only for you and your families, but also for the public. We should all recog
nize that the public interest always rise3 above the interests of the railroad or of
its employes.
None of us is fortunate enough to have issues affecting his life always de
cided in his favor. , The principle of "rule or ruin" invariably has led to dis
aster. It can have no other ending. The wisdom of the principles of "give and
take" and "live and let live" have been fully demonstrated. Those are the prin
ciples upon which we desire to conduct this railway system for the benefit of the
public, the employes and the owners.
The management of the Illinois Central System is under obligations
to serve the public with uninterrupted transportation and under any conditions
which may arise it must faithfully discharge that obligation.
I ask that you accept this letter in that same friendly spirit in which I ad
dress you, free from any feeling of hostility or censure for anything that has
been said or done in regard to this unhappy affair.
(Signed) C. H. MARKHAM, President