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About The Omaha morning bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 1922-1927 | View Entire Issue (June 16, 1922)
The Omaha MornIng Bee
VOL. 51 NO. 311.
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OMAHA, FRIDAY, JUNG 16, 1922.
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Young Woman Who Ended
Her Life by Asphyxiation
The European Vamps
Investigation Into Death of
Mabel Bessler Brings Out
Name of Rev. Julius
1 v IB
I ' .
Letters Found in Rooms
Investigation into the suicide of
Mabel Bessler, 26, itenoRrapher, in
the Chandler apartments Wednesday
led the police yeaterday to Rev. Ju
liui J. Hettwer, superintendent of
St. James orphanage, whose letters,
signed 'Jule.' were found among
the girl's effects.
"She suffered from mental dis
tress,!1 said the priest, declaring that
the girl's father would bear out his
statement that she was mentally un
balanced. "I suppose those 'Jule' letters are
mine," he added.
Says Girl Wat Cousin.
v He explained that the Bessler Rirl
was his cousin and was his- house
keeper when they lived at a cottage
at 536 South Forty-first street.
"I was a poor man at the time," he
, said. "Miss Bessler contributed $400
toward furniture for the cottage and
when I was transferred to St. James
orphanage I had no further need for
a housekeeper and we parted.
- "She was very .disappointed) and
had to go to work as a stenographer.
. If she really said I ruined her life,
she must have meant my accepting
the transfer to the orphanage." ,
Father Side With Prieat '
Father Hettwer stated that the girl
threatened to kill herself many times.
Charles Bessler, father of the girl
held a conference with Father Hett
wer yesterday afternoon.
As far back as three years ago
the girl was despondent, threatening
to kill herself and led her family to
believe she was mentally deranged,
he said. " - ' . '
The family, did not know what to
do until the members thought of
Father Hettwer, he declared, and
sent the girl to him in the hope he
might be able to straighten her out
"Father Hettwer accepted the
trust we placed in him," said Mr.
Bessler, "ad did everything in his
power to correct her condition. I
: am sure there were no illegitimate
relations between them."
' Miss Bessler married a Detroit
man, he said, but later was divorced.
There were no children. The body
will be taken back to Detroit for
burial, he declared, and he intends
not to ask' for an examination of the
Father Hettwer is the son of Mrs.
Bessler's sitenr,.T'''V. '.
' Only a week ago fast Sunday, the
father related, Mabel Bessler went
out to their home at 1647 Victor
avenue and acted despondently.
: y: : Suicide Threat -1 ;V. -
They sent her home, he said, but
he declined to reveal the present ad
dress pf his home and family.: s
He declared he' has information
that his daughter told A. Grotte the
night before she killed herself thai
she was ' going to go downtown,
hire a ' rented automobile and let
some other, car Collide with her.
Grotte went with " hcr,t he said, to
r prevent - her from carrying out her
threat. . ; V -.
According to rMrs. Mrytle Mel
drum, 2505 Farnam street, at whose
home Mtss Bessler ' formerly lived,
Father Hettwer; visited the girl a
number of times. ;V;
In searching the girl's apartment
yesterday," Paul Stein wender, cor
, tier, found a document signed by
- Father Hettwer, which would have
. loft part of his estate to Mabel Bes-
lcr, : faithful servant for the past
years. ' '
Find Signed Release.
- . Among the girl's effects also was
a release- ' which read: - la hereby
agree for the consideration, of $400 in
hand, paid, to relinquish all claims
and demands of whatever nature on
the Rev. Julius "Hettwer." This: ac-
ordmg to Rev. Mr. Hettwer. refer-
icq io inc lurimurc sne uougnt ior
him.V:"':'VVv,i- ':- :
"She' led mtj to believe that she
was married for a short time' when
she was quite young,1' said Mrs. Mel-
drum, bhe had sOme case over some
man, but I' don't know who it was.
She had a number of friends, one of
them Arthur. Grotte of Omaha."
, Miss Bessler was despondent and
often threatened to kill herself, ac
cording to Viggo Lyngby, attorney,
who also lived at 2505 Farnam street
At one time she stated" that Father
Hettwer i had ruined her life, he
said. ." - .- -
Wat Asked to Leave.
Miss Bessler was asked to leave
the apartment becatse she repeatedly
threatened suicide, Mrs. Meldrum
said. The girl's parents, - Mr. and
(Tarn e tmn a Calun Foar.)
Temperature Touches 96,
New High Record Mark
: Although weather reports yester
day morning indicated cooler weath
er for the day, thermometers regis
tered 96 at 2 p. m the highest point
reached this summer. This was 13
degrees above the highest tempera
ture a year ago, when the thermom
eter registered 84 at 3 d. m.
No cases of sun stroke or heat
prostrations have been reported.
Mrs. Drake Awarded S10I00O
- . 9
: Damages in Alienation Suit
Mrs. Lola Drake, wife of Frank
M. Drake, umana real estate man,
was awaroea aiu.uuu aamages Dy i
jury after an hoar's deliberation ii
WMIIIVI JHWg,V wnaaa. op ,wua . J
terday in a suit against Mrs. Nelice
lTa?M waAar Cms 11t4 aliavnfw
lion of her husband's affections. The
verdict is tor the roll amount asked
?or jn ue suit, .
I I X .,'V ' S 'r
of Capitol Bids
Governor Asserts Rejection of
Offer Based Also on Ex
N . ; orbitant Prices, for
. Cut Stone.
Lincoln, June 15. (Special.) The
camel will have to jump through the
eye of a needle before the state capi
tal commission will award contracts
for the new statehouse at such prices
as were read when bids' were opened
The above, in effect, were .the
words of Governor McKelvie today
in discussing action of the commis--sion
in rejection of all . Statehouse
superstructure' bids, i ' ' v : :, '
"Competition seemed to be almost
entirely lacking on cut stone and
some of the other items bid on," the
governor said. ; We have reason to
believe that much better figures will
be Offered next time."
George E. Johnson, state engineer,
declared that out of the 120 firms
asking for specifications , on super
structure work only 70 entered bids.
He asserted some of the stone com
panies which had representatives here
when bids were opened didn't put in
bids. ,' i ' - . ' . ; i '
Governor McKelvie " announced
that specifications would be altered
for the next bidding so that con
tractors could- meet them easier and
thus reduce their prices. The gover
nor also announced that a change
will be made in readvertisine next
time so bids of the following classi
fications may be entered:
Separate bid on each of the 26 sep
arate jobs. - ,
ror the entire job. : 1 -For
service of a general contractor
to oversee all details of the work, if
the commission . should decide to
Sward it to lowest individual bid
ders on the 26 items. -
Yesterday, specifications did not
call for bids for a general contractor.
Demand for Probe of Vice
in St. Louis' School Renewed
St. Louis, June 15. Victor Miller.
a member of the board of notice
commissioners, has renewed his de
mand that the board of education in
vestigate moral conditions in the
public schools here. Mr. Miller was
deposed as president of the police
board following his -failure . to sub
stantiate charges he made last March
that vice clubs existed at Soman
Cattle Being Tested ,
Lincoln, June 15. (Special.) Leo
Stnhr, secretary of agriculture, an
nounced today that Clay .county was
the first county in Nebraska to com
plete cattle tuberculosis tests of every
animal in the county. .Washington
county will be next to complete the
test and then Douglas county, Muhr
stated. ; i . - . "
-Advertising .Talk No. 8 - -
For almost a year past the circulation growth of The
Omaha Bee has been approximately double that ef any other
paper. The daily- average gain in May over a year ago was
13,625, Sunday average gain 22,202 -over a year ago.
; , . , - " - '-
Yet The Omaha Bee has not increased its charge for
advertising one cent over a year ago. This is . one of -the
reasona why on the "rate per 1,000 circulation", basis The
. Omaha Bee is such a good "buy."
Yon can buy advertising in The Omaha Bee' as cheaply .
aa anywhere on wk days and more cheaply than anywhere
' ea Sundays. Then the extra buying power 'per 1,000 circula-'
tion" of The Omaha Bee circulation is your "good measure,"
your "oversize.' ;
"A better paper Tight along" is the verdict of the reader
- -regarding1 The Omaha Bee "a better advertising medium right
along" is the verdict of the advertiser.
Japan Pledged to
by Premier Kata
Foreign Policy Will Be to Co
operate With Powers in .
. Spirit as Well as Letter
"" of Arms Pact.
' Tokio, June 15. (By A. P.)-Ad-miral
Temosaburo Kato, Japan's new
premier, today pledged the faith- of
Japan to co-operate with the other
world ppwers for a further reduction
of armaments and the maintenance
of the new era or peace which, he said,
had been ushered in by the Wash
ignton conference. - '
' "In brief, Japan's foreign policy,
from which this cabinent will not
depart, is to co-operate with the pow
ers -in the spirit as well as -to the
letter of the covenant of the league
of nations and the treaties and reso
lutions signed at Washinglon, with
the view that" concord" and friend
ships may continue and develop
among the nations and that reduc
tion of armaments may steadily
progress to relieve the difficulties
and burdens of mankind," Premier
Kato said. ' ' ' '- -
The newly appointed ! director of
Japanese . state craft declared that
"with the successful conclusion of
the Washington conference, a new
era of peace dawned on the world.
It is the intention of this government
to fulfill the terms agreed upon by
the powers, and to this end to take
the appropriate steps in accord and
co-operate with them.
' Referring to the problems of Rus
sia and Siberia, Premier Kato said:
"We deeply sympathize ' with the
Russians in their sufferings and pri
vations, and vwtfhope they :may
speedily 'realize much needed relief.
, "The Japanese cabinet will en
deavor to bring about an expeditious
and tmicable adjustment of the
problems relating to .Siberia."
Man Slain 3 Hours ,
1 Before Was to Be Wed
- Graham, Tex., June 15. Jack
Sumners, 28, died last night at a local
hospital just three hours before he
was to have been married. Sumners,
accompanied by his fiancee, went to
Oil City today and he is said to have
accosted , a party of men who aYe
alleged .to have been using profane
language. ' Later in the day, it is said,
one of the party' attacked Sumners
with a knife, wounding him fatally.
One suspect has been arrested. :"
Former Sub Chaser Burned.
Key West, Fla., June 15.-Former
Submarine chaser No. 205, owned by
E. T. Sulzer of Brooklyn, N. Y.,
was burned to the water's edge and
sank today off Sand Key. Mrs.
Sulzer, who was aboard with her
husband and a party of friends, was
slightly burned. -v
Cheers Greet Statement That
No Attempt Will Be Made
to Stop Walkout of
Criticise High Court
Cincinnati, O., June IS. (By A.
P.) By the vote of every delegate,
The American Federation of Labor
convention here today endorsed the
nation-wide coal strike that, since
April 1, has kept a half million min
ers from work, and also indicated, by
a demonstration, its approval of the
threatened walkout of more than
1,000.000 railroad workers.
There were loud cheers from all
parts of the convention hall when B.
M. Jewell, president of the railway
cmoloyes department of the federa
tion, told the convention that the rail
union chiefs would not interfere to
ston a strike. '
"It is believed," declared' Mr. Jew
ell, "that the membership is pre
oared to meet the test and if they
so decide, their decisions will be .com
plied with. . -
Cheer Miners' Strike.
The ' endorsement of the miners'
strike was riven by a rising vote,
cast by the delegates amid their own
cheers, and afterward William
Green, secretary treasurer of the
miners' union, declared the miners
were- in the fight to the finish, and
he said it mieht be necessary to ask
other unions for financial assistance.
The convention session was cut
short so delegates might attend a
barbecue staged on a river island 20
miles from this city. - . .
The executive council ot tne fed
eration gave its final consideration to
the recent decision oi me supreme
mnrt in the Coronado coal case and
prepared its report, criticising the de
cision. The council decided not to
propose any means for overcoming
the decision on account of the con
vention having ordered a special
policy committee to outline a pro
gram centering on tne coronaao ana
other decisions. - : -
Oppose Tsft Ruling.
The executive council, it was learn
ed, decided to find fault with Chief
Justice Taft in the uronado" ; de
cision. on the ground that the de
cision went beyond the case; and also
on the ground that the . court ven
tured to decide an "imaginary case,"
resulting in the destruction of princi-
. i t I. i :1
pies - OI unions -wnicn inc - couiui
held are fundamental to unionsi-. -
The council also, declared that the
decision applied the law of liabili
ties to unincorporated unions to a
greater extent than to corporations
organized for profit The council
also decided to voice 'its complaint
in the report that the supreme court
disregarded the Clayton act, which
was interpreted by the council to
exempt labor unions front prosecu
tion under the anti-trust laws. The
council also held that the Sherman
act was not intended by congress to
apply to labor organizations.
The railroad strike threat came be
fore the convention by an impromptu
speech ipf Mr. Jewell, who said that
the rail employes were "convinced
that certain sinister interests" had.
been endeavoring for more than two
years to maneuver the men into a
position, -where there might be a
hope of crushing the organizations."
3,000 Yankee Sailors
Shanghai. China. Tim 1!m 1
P-) The. Asiatic squadron of the
American navy, with the exception
of the .cruiser New Orlpanc which
-is at Vladivostok.
craft at Hongkong and Manila, is
concentrated at ihangnai.
' The citv is entertaining mnr than
3,000 American sailors, which is be-
uevea to De the largest gathering of
Uncle Sam's naval fighters ever
based in any far Eastern port, exclu
sive of Manila. Extensive plans
have been made for their amusement,
including A series nf haephall tramp.
and Shanghai's greatest Fourth of
jmy ceieDration, prior to their de
parture July 5.
On leaving here, the squadron in
cluding the flagship Huron, . 18 de
stroyers and the mother ship, Buf
falo, will proceed to Chefoo for sum
mer target practice.
The cruiser Albany sailed June 5
for home, where she will be thrown
on the naval scrap heap provided by
the Washington conference. ' 1
Opposes Reserve Governor
Washington, June 15. (Special
Telegram.) Representative Andrews
of Nebraska today sent a letter" to
President Harding protesting against
the appointment of W. P. G. Harding
as governor of the Federal . Reserve
Board system. Representative An
drews said in his letter that most of
the farmers in Nebraksa believe that
the ills from which they have been
suffering during the past few years
are due to the policy of the federal
reserve board, as sponsored by Gov
ernor Harding. , - : -
Country Facing Severe ,
Coal Shortage Says Lewis
Springfield, - 111., June 15. The
country is facing a coal shortage of
unparalleled intensity, , President
Lewis of the United Mine Workers
of America said in a statement is
sued here today. ':
- The public interest demands a
conference of miners and operators
in the very near future, he said, add
ing that only the summer weather
kept the jiation from the realization
of an acute situation,
Wage Cut Decision
Over t J 325,000 Affected by
Proposed $30,000,000 Slash
; . ShopmenYrBalIot1i ii
Chicago, June 15. (By A. : P.)
Delay in the preparation of the
minority opinion of the railroad la
bor board's newest wage reduction
order prevented the expected an
nouncement of the decision tonight
It was said the board hoped to have
the decision ready for the public by
Following the completion of a
lengthy majority opinion, said to cut
around $30,000,000 from the payroll
of 325,000 employes, labor members
of the board began work on " a
lengthy protest., Arthur O. Wharton,
an organized labor appointee, on the
board and formerly president of the
railway employes department of the
American Federation : of Labor, is
writing the opinion and will probably
complete it early tomorrow. . .
325,000 Affected. .
The new cut will affect nearly 300,
000 clerks ajid station employes, 12,
000 signalmen, 10,000 -stationary fire
men and oilers and 5,000 train dis
patchers. The latter class, however,
will not come under the new slash,
which becomes effective July 1, and
other supervisory forces will also es
cape a cut. in line with the board's
policy of making no reduction for
minor -officials ajid supervisors. , .
Strike ballots continued to roll Into
headquarters of the six railway shop
crafts, whose triple-barrelled vote on
the question of striking against the
wage cut and other unsatisfactory
conditions was' ordered last week.
The men have 10 days left in which,
to get their pink, blue 'and white
slips into Chicago. ": . - - -" ' i
Expect Complete Vote.
"We are expecting nearly a 100.'
per cent .vote this time,"' said John
Scott, secretary of the crafts. "This
is the most serious situation that has
come up in recent years and the men
are. thoroughly dissatisfied with the
sjtuation. The ballots show a dis
tinct attitude in favor of a walk
out" :. v ....,;-,..-.
Union leaders of the clerks, signal
men, firemen and oilers are all in
Cincinnati attending the convention
of the American Federation of -Labor
and are expected to issue orders
for a strike vote of their member
ships as soon as the new decision is
announced by the board. Intention
of taking the vote was announced
following a conference of union lead
ers in Cincinnati last 'week.
Sioux City Man Is Found
Starving in New York
New i York,' June 15LiteraIly
starving on the streets of New York,
John Keane, 62, of Sioux City, la.,
collapsed and was taken to Bellevue
After he had tasted his first food
in several days, Keane recovered suf
ficiently to' give his name and to
explain that he had been wandering
here, homeless and friendless, for "a
long time." Just how long he could
not say: ;
..Industrial Improvement :
Chicago, June 15 A greater in
dustrial improvement was shown in
Illinois in May than - during any
month the past year, the general ad
visory hoard ot the Illinois depart
meat $f bot stated in a. epor
Ward Indicted by
Grand Jury for
Killing of Sailor
Deputy Sheriffs Sent to Arrest
Young Millionaire, at, I.:
'.Liberty on $50,000 r
.: ; Bonds. . "
New York, June 15. Walter S.
Ward, wailthy baker's son, indicted
by the grand jury at White Plaint
today for the slaying of Clarence
Peters, former sailor, was - arrested
here late today.
White Plains, N. Y., June 15.
Walter S. Ward, millionaire baker's
son, today , ; was indicted by the
Westchester grand jury on a charge
of killing Clarence Peters, ex-sailor,
in May,:' . -. . ''';,. ' y"
; Soon after the indictment was ' re
turned deputy sheriffs were, sent to
Ward's home in New Rochelle to
arrest him. He has been at liberty
on $50,000 bonds.
Plattsmouth, Neb.', June 15. (Spe
cial.) William Deles Dernier, ap
pointed as. acting county judge to
preside over the preliminary hearing
of Charles C... Parmele, - formerly
president of the now defunct Bank
of Cass .County, has handed down a
decision acquitting Parmele of all of
the .17 counts , preferred,- by the
state, , growing out of , alleged in
direct borrowing. The action was
started , following the failure of the
bank' here, last December, although
Mr.-Parmele had not been an officer
of the 'institution for nearly a year.
Jackson Chase, assistant" attorney
general, represented the state s in
terest at the hearing, while John
Wright and C.'A Rawls.l Omaha,
and 'Plattsmouth attorneys, appeared
for Mr, Parmele. . It was sought to
prove that the firm of "Jean & Co."
composed of Will Jean and C. C.
Parmele, borrowed different amounts
from the funds of the bank while the
latter was: president. '
1,200 March in Beaumont
Protest at Sheriff's Removal
Beaumont, Tex., June ' 15. A
parade, estimated at about 1,200 per
sons, marched through the streets
tonight in. a demonstration brought
abouf by a recent instructed . ' jury
verdict ordering the removal of Tom
Garner as sheriff for his alleged
membership In the Ku Klux Klan.
The' 35'piece band led the procession,
with Gather immediately behind on
horseback. . Garner's, wife and chil
dren were also in-line.'- ' ;
" The matter of Garner's removal
will be argued before the Ninth court
of civil appeals here Friday, defense
attqrneys having filed an application
for a stay of execution of the ver
dict ; ..... - -
Liquidation Is' Started
of Night and Day Bank
St. Louis, June 15. Liquidation of
accounts of the closed Night and
Day bank, aggregating $2,500,000,
began today, t Discrepancies in the
institution's accounts are said to ex
ceed $1,000,000 and former Gov
ernor Major is among directors un
der indictment for allowing deposits
to be accepted after the bank was in
a failing ionditkra, .
Says Statements f tat News
- paper Opposition .la Paid
for Betrays1 Ignorance' .
;; of Business.
By GEORGE F. AUTHIER.
Waaatastoa Correspondent Omaha Bee.
Washington, June 15. (Special
Telegram.) Senator Hitchcock- of
Nebraska today denounced in vigor
ous terms the arguments advanced
yesterday by Senator McCumber, to
the effect that the main reason for
the opposition to the tariff bill by the
newspapers was due to the fact they
are subsidized by the large sums
Spent by importers and the' depart
ment stores for advertising.. V .
A Senator Hitchcock characterized
the attack as idiotic," childish, pro
vincial and entirely out of date.
: "If there is one thing ; fairly es
tablished Lu the newspaper world to
day," he aid. "it is that advertising
is placed upon the strictest business
principles and there is not; an ad
vertiser of any importance who does'
not buy his publicity at the cheap
est price at, which he can get it.
There is not one of them who spends
a dollar if he can avoid spending- it.
: "Of the millions of dollars invest
ed in New York city in the newspa
pers practically every dollar is put
into newspaper . advertis-jijr on the
most "cold-blooded . business princi
ple." - .
.-In concluding the argument, Sen
ator Hitchcock - said : "the ; senator
from North Dakota has betrayed his
absolute ignorance of modern busi
ness methods when he argues that
advertising is placed as a favor."
Move Made to Stop Rum
Sales oh U. S. Vessels
Washington, June 15. Definite
steps through legislation to stop the
sale of liquor on American ships were
started today through presentation by
Representative Bankhead,, democrat,
Alabama, of an amendment to the
merchant marine bill which would
cut off the government aid provided
jn the measure from any ship carry
ing intoxicating liquors or beverages.
The. Alabama representative
offered his amendment at a meeting
of the house merchant marine com-mittee-
of , which he is a member,
called to take final ; action on the
merchant marine bill.
" Considerable doubt as expressed
that the amendment would be ac
cepted, as the indications were that
the majority members of the com
mittee would vote to report the bill
as framed by a subcommittee.
- ' Forecast
: Friday fair; somewhat cooler.
S a. ... T
e a, m 1
7 a. m..... 7
S a. n si
a. m S4
10 a. m M
11 a. m ,.
IS nooa. ....SS
1 P. at...
t p. at...
S p. m...
J p. m...
S p. m...
1 p. m...
Cheyenne .,,.... Pueblo
Deo Molneo ,....
DoAko City s
Korla fialla ,..11
Rauld City ..
Salt Loko ...
8onta Fo ...
Sioux Ctty ..
Draft I Made Public on Eve
of Election Place. State .
on Same Basil as -
London, June 15. (By A. P.)
The draft of the new Irish constitev
tion made public tonight, on the eve
of the Irish election, gives as th
document itself states, force of law t
to. the Anglo-Irish treaty and ex
pressly declares that any provision ,
of the constitution or any amendment
thereto or any law enacted under the
constitution which is in any respect ,
repugnant to the treaty shall be void
and inoperative. ' .
. The constitution thus embodies .
connection with the British crown as
already established in the treaty and
generally places the relations be- '
tween Ireland and" the empire on the
same basis as Canada and the other '
dominions. - " . ' i;
The constitution requires every
member of the free state parliament
to subscribe faith and allegience to.
the constitution and swear to be .
faithful 'to the ing in virtue of the
common etizenship of Ireland and
Britain, -j ' , - . ' : ''
Women Get Suffrage.
The document contains 79 articles '
and is considered an up-to-date in- ,
strument, not only granting female
suffrage, proportional representation -and
a referendum to the people, but . .
also empowering the people them-.-seves
to initiate legislation, t gives,
to the chamber great power with re
spect , to money, bills without 'con
trol from the senate, thus duplicat
ing the position as between the BriU
ish house of commons and the house
of lords. ,
It exempts the free state from act
ive participation in war without the'
consent of parliament, except in
cases of invasion, and gives the Irish
supreme court the fullest power, only
stipulating for the right of citizens
to appeal to the long in council
against the supreme court decision. '
It provides for freedom of religion
ana conscience, gives tree state citi
zens full protection against the arbi-
trary power of court-martial and ex
tends to parliament exclusive control
over the armed forces as stipulated
in the, treaty. -, . :,:--, ';
W.- .'Oath of AOetjiance.'
The oath of allegiance is provided
under Article 17 of the constitution -in
the following words:
"I do solemnly swear true faith
and allegiance to the constitution of;
the Irish free state as by law est
tablished and that I will be faithful
to his majesty, King George V, and
his heirs and successors, by law and
in virture of the common citizenship
of Ireland and Great Britain, and
her adherence to and membership of
the group oi nations forming the
British commonwealth of nations."
Artir1v, 48 nrnvirfe that "nrmt
in case of actual invasion, the Irish .
tree state shall not be committed to'
active participation in any war with
out the assent of the free state par
liament."" ' r
- Court Jurisdiction.
Article 66 gives' the Irish supreme
court appealate jurisdiction. Its de
cisions shall in all cases be final, and
conclusive and shall not be reviewed
or be capable of being reviewed by
any other court, tribunal or author
ity whatsoever, provided that ."noth
ing in this constitution shall impair
the rights of any person to petition,
his majesty for special, leave to ap
peal; from: the supreme court to his
majesty in council or the right of
his majesty to grant such leave.
"Article 67 provides that all judges,
including-those on the upreme court,
shall be appointed by the representa
tive of the crown on the advice of
the executive council. ; ' ;
Courts Marti Powers.
Article 69 provides the jurisdiction
of courts martial shall not be ex
tended to or exercised over the civil
population save in time of war or
acts committed in time of war. Such
jurisdiction can not be exercised in
any area in which civil courts ara
open or capable of being held and no .
person shall be removed from one
area to another for the purpose of
creating such jurisdiction... ,
Article 72 declares laws not incon
sistent with the constitution in force
in the free state when the constitution
becomes operative shall continue un
til repealed or amended by partial
ment. -.'!. " v ,
After the constitution comes into,
operation the house of parliament
elected in pursuance ' of the free
state agreement act may for one year
exercise alt the powers conferred by
the constitution in the chamber. The
first election, for the chamber shall
be as soon as possible after the eX4
piration of such period. j
: ; College Degree on Birthday
Los Angeles, CaL, June 15. Mm.
Ernestine Schumann-Heink celebrat.
ed her 51st birthday here as the guest
of honor of the University of South
ern California and recepient of ay
degree of doctor of music in the in
stitution's commencement exercises,
Augustine T. Wilhar, graduate of the
Univeristy of San Marcos, Peru, who
has been a director in Peru of educa
tional institutions, received a degree!
of doctor of laws. A similar degree .
was to have been conferred on Ig,
nace Jan Paderewiski, but owing tar
his inability to attend, it was post
poned. . . . r .-
School Girls on Tour
New York, June 15. Seventy-fivd
school girls from Texas and the!
southwest sailed on the steamship
Chicago for a summer tour of Eu3
rope. The party arrived txm Wac
acx, sa a special nug, -
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