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About The Red Cloud chief. (Red Cloud, Webster Co., Neb.) 1873-1923 | View Entire Issue (Sept. 14, 1922)
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RED CLOUD, NEBRASKA, CHIEF
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CENTENNIAL MARKS IT ASTHE
FIRST DF NINETEEN GREAT 5CENIC
PLAYGROUNDS OF THE J
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By JOHN DICKINSON SHERMAN
II-'TY years of Natlonul L'lirks! Yel
lowstone litis lieen celebrating Its
oeiul-centcnnlnl tbls suiiitner. When
It was established by net of congress
In 1872 It wns tbo Ilrst public pluy
ground of the people created In all
history. Now tbo United States has
nineteen and several other nations
have followed our example.
Yellowstone Is a land of wonders
and Its early history Is In keeping.
Our third president, Thomas Jeffer
son, bought the Louisiana Purchase
the unknown land between tbo Mississippi and tbo
llockles from Napoleon Donaparto In lSOU. In
the spring of 1801 Jefferson started Lewis and
Clark westward from St. Louis to see what we bad
got for Slfi.OOO.OOO. They went to the mouth of
tho Columbia and returned to St. Louis la 1800,
ufter being given up for lost. Both going and re
turning they passed a little to tbo north of tho
Yellowstone, but beard nothing of It.
John Colter, one of their me;i, turned back be
fore reaching St. Louis to trap beaver on tho
headwaters of the Missouri. Ho discovered tbo
Yellowstone In 1S07, returned to St. Louis In 1S10
and told about the geysers and other marvels. St.
Louis refused to believe and laughed at the Yel
lowstone as "Colter's Hell." Gen. William Clark,
Colter's commander, was apparently the only man
to believe; on Clark's olllclal map of tho Lewis
and Clark expedition you will find traced "Colter's
route In 1S07."
Jim Ilridger, one of Gen. William II. Ashley's
Ileutennnts In tho Itocky Mountain Fur company,
rediscovered tho Yellowstone In 1SU7. Urldgor was
ns good a mountaineer, plainsman and guide ns
this country ever saw. Hut ho wns n practical
Joker along tho lino of monumental lies be was
tho Inventor of tho obsidian cliff, boiling spring,
alum creek and echo canyon stories which have
boon Western classics for nenrly a century. So
Ills report of tho Yellowstone wonders wns set
down merely as "another of Jim Brldger'a big
In 1812 and again In 1802 men reported tho won
ders of tho Yellowstone. Nobody would bellevo
them. In 18(59 the seml-olllclnl Washburn-Lnng-ford
expedition from Montana succeeded In get
ting .1 hearing. But It was not until 1870 that a
meelul federal government expedition established
the exlstenco of tho Yellowstone.
Thus It took slxty-threo years nnd more tbnn
six "discoveries" to put the Yellowstono oillclally
on tbo map.
Cornelius Hedges ho lias deserved well of bis
country September 18, 1870, by n cnmp-flro In
tho Yellowstone, proposed thnt the wonderland bo
iuiie a national park n public plnyground set
tiBldo for tho people's uso forever. Tho Idea took.
Congress established tbo Yellowstono Natlonnl
pork March 1, 1872.
Tbo United States now bns nineteen national
parks containing 10,850 squuro miles or 0,0-10,700
acres. Chronologically In tbo order of formation
they nro as follows:
I 1832 Hot Springs, Arknnsns, 011 acres, origi
nally n reservation, mado n natlonnl park tbls
year; 40 curative hot springs.
1872 Yellowstone, Wyoming, Montana nnd
Idaho, 3,318 square miles; geysers nnd other vol
canic exhibits, Grand Canyon of tho Yellowstone,
largo lake, great animal preserve.
1800 Sequoia, California, 2S2 squure miles;
12,000 big trees over ten feet In diameter, and
eomo over thirty-five feet nnd 5,000 years old.
1800 Yoscmlte, California, 1,125 squaro miles;
HKm31 'yTXT- fS,-JLWl .Al!j('.KiaT
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22&AZV&RTC&VT&&Z&Z&'Mr PJfJW ffoto 1 Courtvsy'i.S. forest Jcrrcc
Yosemlto vnlley, high wnterfalls, three groves of
1S00 General Grant, Cnllfornln, four squaro
miles; big trees.
1890 Mount Rainier, Washington, 324 squnro
miles ; Mount Itnlnler with forty-eight squnro miles
1002 Crater Lnke, Oregon, 240 square miles;
lake In crater of extinct volcano, with sides 1,000
1003 Wind Cnve, South Dakota, seventeen
squnro miles; envern with many miles' of gnllerlcs
1004 Piatt, Oklahoma, 8-18 ncrcs; medicinal
1001 Sullya Hill, North Dakota, 780 ncres; wild
1000 Mesa Verde, Colorado, 77 squaro miles,
prehistoric cliff dwellings.
1010 Glacier, Montnnn, 1,534 squnro miles;
mountains, lakes and glaciers.
1015 Itocky Mountain, Colorado, 307 square
miles, heart of the Rockies, Continental Divide,
penkn up to 14,255 feet.
1010 Hawaii, Hawaiian Islands, 118 squaro
miles, threo famous volcanoes on two Islands, trop
1010 Lassen Volcnnlc, California, 124 squnre
miles ; only active volcano In United States proper,
other volcanic exhibits.
1017 Mount McKlnley, Alaska, 2,200 squaro
miles; highest mountain In North America (20,300
feet), great wild nnlmal preserve; not yet acces
sible. 1010 Grand Cnnyon, Arlzonn, 058 squnro miles,
gorgo of tbo Colorado river.
1010 Lnfnyctte, Maine, 5,000 ncres; group of
mountnlns on IhIo of Mount Desert.
1010 Zlon, Utah, 120 squnro miles; gorgo of tbo
Many volumes could bo filled with photographs
of flrst-clnss scenery In these nntlonnl pnrks. Tho
photographs reproduced herewith were selected
for these reasons: Yellowstono Is tho oldest, larg
est nnd best known of our natlonnl pnrks. Rocky
Mountain Is the most populnr. Grand Canyon Is
the greatest nntural wonder In tho world. Lafay
ette Is tbo only nntlonul park east of tho Missis
sippi. Zlon Is the newest of our nineteen. Tho
remaining picture, a sceno on tho wny to nocky
Mountnln, Is typical of tbo American peoplo nt
piny In the nntlonnl pnrks.
Tho visitors to tho nntlonnl pnrks In 1021 num
bered 1,007,335; the private nutomoblles numbered
175,825. Rocky Mountnln led with 273.T87 visi
tors nnd 57,438 automobiles. Hot Springs wnB sec
ond with 130,008 visitors. Yosemlto wns third with
with 01,513 visitors nnd 18,047 cars. Yellowstono
had 81,051 visitors and 15,730 cars.
Appropriations In 1021 were $1,031,5-10 and reve
nues were $300,028. Eventually tho natlonul parko
will bo practically self-supporting.
Tho act of 1010 creating tho nntlonnl park Borv
Ico, a bureau of the Interior department, sots forth
that tbo fundamental purposo of tbo national
parks Is "to conserve the scenery nnd tho natural
and historic objects and the wild llfo therein uud
to provide for the enjoyment of the snmc In such
manner nnd by such means as will leave them
unimpaired for the enjoyment of future genera
tions." There will bo more natlonnl parks. Tho policy
of the national park service, as sot forth In 1018
by the Jate Franklin B. Lane, then secretary of tho
Interior, Is that tho national parks of tho future
fihould be justified by "scenery of supreme and dis
tinctive quality or some natural feature so ex
traordinary or unique ns to bo of national Interest
nnd Importance. The national park nystcm as now
constituted, should not bo lowered In standard,
dignity and prestige by tho Inclusion of areas
which express In less than tho highest term tbo
particular class or kind of exhibit which they rep
resent." The national park movement Is now nation
wide. There Is an army of enthusiasts. These'
enthusiasts nro preaching that the mission of tbo
nntlonnl parks Is manifold; that general use of
them by tho peoplo will bring physical, mental,
moral nnd Ilnanelal benefits.
Tills national-park transcontinental tourist traf
fic by private car Is getting to bo n big thing, with
tremendous possibilities In dollars. The Scenic
West wns literally full of motorists tbTs summer
on vacation trips ranging from two week's to the
whole season. All sorts of estimates have been
mado of what this means financially to the country
to have this money spent at homo Instead of In
sightseeing abroad. It Is purely guesswork to esti
mate what the million nnd more visitors to tbo
nntlonnl pnrks this summer paid out In money. An
nrblirary minimum estimate of $100 each gives n
total of 100,000,000.
The nntlonnl park enthusiasts have formed nn
organization of their own the Nntlonnl Pnrks ns
soclntlon. It wns formed by tinolllclul friends of
the national parks to enter n Held of tbo move
ment which tho federal government nppnrently
does not Intend to occupy. The present policy of
congress If It bns nny national park policy Is
merely to provide for tho protection, maintenance
and development of tho parks, leaving It to tbo
peoplo to determine the uso they shnll make of
them. Tbo association is nu organization of tbo
peoplo themselves to enable them to uso effectively
theso public playgrounds. At present tho enjoy
ment of tho American people of Its natlonnl parks
Is largely emotional. Among Its many other ac
tivities tho association purposes a campaign of
education to double tho enjoyment of tho peoplo
by nddlng understanding. It snys In effect to tho
"Our nntlonnl parks nro nnturo'B grent labora
tories nnd museums. They nro not merely won
ders and scenery. They nro exhibits on n mighty
scnle of the processes by which nnturo bus been
and Is making Amcrlcn. You may doublo your
pleasure In these exhibits by comprehending their
meaning through Intelligent study, Let us 'See
America first 1 But let us also know America I
Let us know Its natural history as well as Its
natlonnl history. Let us differentiate, distinguish
nnd appreciate. Then wo shall really know. Then
wo Bhall really enjoy."
Animal Evidently Didn't Know
Chances Are That Particular Bear Will
Never Again Engage PuglllBtically
With Humble Worker.
Two amusing bear stories, both
vouched for by reputable eye-witnesses,
are going the rounds here, says a dis
patch from Prince George, It. C.
Forest fires In northern British Co
lumbia during the past mouth have
had a peculiar effect upon some of tho
wild animals of the woods, Judging
from some of the stories brought to
A light between a flte-crazed bear
and u mule, In which the bear was
worsted, occurred ut L. Mason's ranch
at Bednestl, It. (J. The forest lire
routed the bear from his lair, and lu
Its dash from the flames Into the open
country It collided violently with a
mule. The bear was piomptly stretched
on the ground by a double tattoo from
the capable hind hoofs, and the mulo
calmly resumed Its Interrupted grazing.
Thoroughly angered, the bear
picked Itself up and cautiously ap
proached the mule from a different
angle. The huge paw wns brought
down with a resounding thwack on
the mule's ribs. This was unfortunate.
The hoofs were again brought Into
play, after a quick, accurate maneuver
for position, and the tight was called
off, so far as the bear was concerned.
Mr. Mason, who had witnessed tbu
unusual encounter, dashed to the house
for n rllle to Mulsh the bear, should
any life be left. Before he could get
back to the scene, however, bruin man
aged to get groggily to bis feet and
return to the less exciting environment
of the forest lire.
A lire patrol ranger Is sponsor for
another bear story. While making a
survey in the niouutaln district be
came upon a young cub suffering from
severe burns on feet and body. Tbo
youngster was whimpering from tho
pain and the forester tool; pity on It,
lifted It Into his car, and there mndo
It fast with some rope.
The patrolman stinted on his Jour
ney only to discover that the mother
bear had appeared and was in hot
pursuit. As the track ran uphill at this
point, the bear, making long strides,
gained steadily, anil the need for strat
egy was clearly indicated. Tho for
estry boot; of Instructions does not
cover a situation such as tbls, but tho
ranger was resourceful and decided
that the best plan would lie to throw
the cub overboard.
His attempts to untie the knots on
tho lashings which secured the young
ster to Jho machine, however, proved
futile. Pursuer and pursued came to
n yet steeper grade, with tho advan
tage nil with (ho former. Finally, with
one mighty effort, the old bear threw
herself on tho back of the car, holding
on by her claws and paws.
This is where tbo forester decided
to retire In favor of the enemy. Ho
dived off the car, and regained his feet
In time to see It continuing its Journey
eastward, with n mother and child
happily reunited as Its passengers.
Later the car was found, run down
nnd everywhere Intact, except tho sldo
where the cub bad been tied, tbo old
bear having torn It out to release her
Can It Be True?
Thomas A. Kdlson, In a recent Inter
view talked about the many advan
tages of being deaf.
"For Instance," ho snld, "a motor
ist hurried Into a country drug store
the other day and asked If he was
on the right toad to Brandy wine.
"Brandy, yes,' said the druggist,
who was very deaf. 'No wine, but
plenty of brandy. I can sec you're all
right by your looks, sir.' And ho
poured the motorist a stiff drink out
of a big blue china Jar labeled 'Ipe
cacbuana.' "I don't wnnt that,' tho motorist
protested. 'I want to know If this Is
the best road to tho Brandy'
"The best brandy? You bet It's
tho best,' Interrupted the druggist.
"No, no! The Brandywlnei' yelled
tho motorist. 'I want to get to tbo
'"Tiinnk you,' said tho druggist. I
don't caro If I do.'
"And with a gratified smile ho
poured n second stiff drink out or tna
blue china Jar for himself."
It nlso hilt mice, cophors, prnlrl Aottn,
coyntc. wolvra. cnoliroHChrii, wntt-x Iiuki
nml nntn. A Stn box contain onounh to
kill 80 to 100 rnts or mice. Oct It from
ynur itniK or Rc:ornl mora denlnr today.
nCADY FOrt USE-BETTER THAN TRAPS
ltul) So you are prui'i icing econ
omy. Bub Yes, Indeed; for Hire months
now I haven't paid a cent on my
Something to Fall Back On.
"Suppose you wero not allowed t
write wheezes on prohibition, women's
clothes, flappers and the movies?
"Well," mused the column conduc
tor, "In my younger days I wns hnndy
with tools. Maybe I could get a Job
In a gnruge."
Ills Friend Grent Scott I Thnt's a
flno penrl you Just found. It's worth
nt Icust $500.
Mr. Grnbtall Yes, and I broko a
tooth on It. As soon us I sell the pearl
I'm going to sue this restaurant keep
er for damages.
Girls Will Be Boyo.
"Whnt did the young mun say when
you told him you would be u sister to
"Ho declined with thanks. Ho snld
ho already had two sisters who bor
rowed his golf clothes."
School for Recruits.
Sergeant What Is understood by a
Recruit It's an Instruction which Is
25$ ond 75$ Packages. Everywhere
USEFUL for all tho
bumps, bruises, sores,
sunburn and chafing.
Keep a bottle in the
house. It's safe and
pure. Itcostsvery little.
ClIESKIIItOPGII Ml'G. CO.
State Street New York
r- 'UnouuiJii" ,
By the Use of Nujol
IS'uJol Is a Itihrlmnt not
u medicine or laxulhe so
When you nro constipated,
not enough or Niutire'H lu
brimtlnt; liquid Ih produced
In tbo bowel to keep the
food waste soft nml .liovlnp.
serf ho Nu Jo 1
iH'cause It nets
lllto this until
nnd thus re
places It. Try
A LUBRICANT-HOT A LAXATIVE
Clears the Skin
and Keeps it Clear
Srp 25c, Ointment 25 and 50c, Talcum 25c
llrown You know my wife's so tender-hearted
she can't whip tho cream.
White Yeah I .My wife won't bent
the rugs, nnd she cries every time sho
has to skin nn onion.
Important to Mothers
Kxnmluu carefully every botllo of
OASTOUIA, that famous old remedy
for Infants and children, and see that It
Signature of C&rfffflAM
In Uso for Over 30 Years.
Children Cry for Fletcher's Castoria
Potash From China.
A new source of potasli is expected
to bo found In China, where soma
deep salt wells have been discovered
that contain potassium salts lu Inrge
Tho war has made table linen very
valuable. Tho use of Ited Cross Ball
Uluo will odd to Ita wearing qualities.
Uso It und see. All grocers. Adver
tlsement. Unfair Advantage.
"You don't care to sleep In n hand
"Not If I have to pay for It myself,"
replied Senntor Snorthworthy. "A
hlmplo tombstone, Just to keep the rec
ord straight, will satisfy me. Tho
man who builds his own monument
often robs posterity of the privilege
It would llko to exerclso of forgetting
him." Birmingham Age-Herald.
MM -' Morning WfisMA
Clean -Clear Healthy
Writ Tor fr bfc Car ttk Murln Co,CMci.Ut