The Red Cloud chief. (Red Cloud, Webster Co., Neb.) 1873-1923, August 17, 1922, Image 3
RED CLOUD, HEBRABKA, OHTJEF it' , kJ 5 fc i 'k- .J "Coronado Revisits Seven Golden Cities of Cibola The Jeweled Armor of Spain's Grandeur to Flash in tho Sunlight of a Now Quivera. THE REVENGE OF EL TURCO ,voronuao Returns to Nebraska and Views Its Wealth of Fame, Cities and Villages af tsr 400 yeaVa. Dy DR. H D. ALEXANDER. University of Nebraska. Jamestown, Vn., was founded In 1007, tho I'llp-lms blfdited Capo Cod In 10U0, Hut It wns tliree quarters of a century earlier, in 1510, Unit ' Yiisqucz do Coromido mnde his eon- ((lUcrliiK expedition into tho I'uehlo k'ountry of New Mexico, and In tho bpriti of the following year Unit he enteral the MNsouri Valley and hlazed . I 1 I t r t I j. nun lltn imillll Hit lilift V nun iiilu iiiv jrtuiiitj i:wiiuilj, twiiuu t'li Indians had famed to him as the golden luud of Quivera. Americans of tho Middle West are prone to think of the Atlantic const IIPII mKffimmKiiiZ:! jTzssjajssassssr Dancing Women of Quivera Welcome Tatarrax, Monarch of Dreams. states as the truly "historical" portion tof their country, but the future is wltogether likely to flnil out most fahclnating chapters in the story of the opening up of the grent continen tal Interior of North America, n story which begins with Coromido and con tinues on through the days of the trappers and traders, Indian fighters nnd railroad builders, to our own time, for the canvas-topped prairie schooner hns not even yet camped on its last claim, nnd the speeding tourist car still occasionally passes lil in bobbing along the westward road. If not yet, certainly in the not distant future the Middle Western American will wake up to the fact that Ameri can history Is his In as rich n sense us any easterner or southerner may claim. The rapidly growing popularity of historical pageants In the Middle West Is a symptom that the awakening is nt hand. Community after community is presenting the drama of the settle ment of tho West to Its people, the elders rejoicing in tho recollections aroused by the pictures of the past, the youth getting a new understand ing of the tales of pioneer days heard from their fathers. A unique feature of such a pageant wns Inaugurated in Shenandoah, Iowa, recently, when for a day automobiles were banished from the streets, only horse-drnwn vehicles being allowed, while the citizens everywhere searched their attics and storage for old garments and revived tho costumes of the past. Everybody tool; part in the celebritlon, nnd when tho pageant came off seutlng was Im possible for the crowd. It Is In fact the great value of pageantry' that It represents participation by groups representative of the whole commun ity, even In lar,e cities. The year 10122 Is marked by nn un usually Interesting pageant event, or rather a pair of them. When Mexico threw olT the Spanish yoke, n hundred j ears ago, tho new government in vited Into Its territories trado from the United States, which before that time bad boon rigidly restricted by tho Spanish government, which was fearful of American encroachment. One of tho first consequences was tho opening of tho Santa Fo trail, tho Elizabeth's Coaches Aroused Envy. In tho end tho husbands capitulated, "and after a while divers great ltdles, with as great Jealousy of tho queen's displeasure nmdo them conches, and v rid them up and downo tho countries to tho grent admiration of all beholders." 8afety. "Yes," snld Mrs. I'luglelgh, "I al ways keep my dog tied up. I never can be sure when some tramp might coino along and bite him or steal his bono." first nnd most famous of the over plains trnde routes. Pack mules, in 18212, broke their way with their mer chandise. It is tho centennial of this event which Is to be celebrated in Santn Fe, nt Its September Ilostu this fall, a celebration which is likely to pro-e one of the most interesting over put on In tho west. Fitting In with the Santa Fe cele bration, like a mated shoe, is the pageant bulnjr prepared by tho Ak-Sar-Hon of Omaha ,to bo given In their city the 18th and 1Mb of Sep tember. This is to celebrate tho ex pedition of Coronndo Into Quivera, tho first advent of white men Into the Missouri Valley. The subject Is fitting In a double senM), for it repre sents the Spanish penetration, hack In the Kith century, eastward Into the plains country, Just as the trail cen tenary represents the beginning of the American movement westward. And again there Is a dramatic prnpiloty In the fact that Coromido on part of his course actually followed so Colo nel Twltchell of Santa Fe stare- the route of what was later to be come the gteat trail. In any t-c, from Santa Fe In the eastern itoikles o Omaha on the Missouri repi'O.Mits the territories rouuhly defined l C'oronado's Journey, the wh'to man's (d,-covery of tho Orcat I'lams of North America, nnd it is a happy coincidence thnt the two cities cele brate the history of the region with in n fortnight of one another. The Ak-Sar-Uen pageant, entitled "Coronndo in Quivera," will occupy two evenings. The first evening, Sep tember 18th, will deplclt tho departure of the army of Coronndo from tho now ruined and abandoned I'uehlo of l'ecos, about thirty miles east of Santa Fe. This Pueblo wns the largest In New Mexico at the time rf the conquest, but Its cacique, hearing of tho prowess of the Spaniards and of their terrible weapons nnd animals, thought dis simulation better tbnn reslstnnce. Accordingly, with great show of friend ship, ho InvIU 1 Coromido to Ids town ; there the Spaniards were feasted, and there they were told talcs of the golden land of Quivera and its mag nificent monarch Tatarrax, far to the east. The device wm one used by Indian nntlpns in both North nnd South America to get rid of unwel come guests, nnd generally they suc ceeded, for the Spaniards were full of credulity. Certainly njrenado took tho bait. At Pecos there were a couple of plains Indians, either captives or guests, the one called by tho Spaniards "the Turk" from his fancied resem blance to n Moor, the other named Ysopete. It Is bupposed that these Indians wero Wichita or Pawnee, of tho Cnddoan stock. Tho cacique of Pecos cleverly used these men to In llamo the Imagination of tho Conquls tadores. Their talcs and the display of a gold trinket or two wero suffi cient, and the Spaniards set forth. Urlelly, tills Is the plot of the page ant for the first evening. Tho scene, three hundred feet across the front and thirty feet high, will represent the Pueblo of Pecos, Hanked on either side by tho Spanish camp mil a camp of tepees representing visiting Indians from tho Grent Plains. There will be an Indian dance, typifying tho native life of the Ked Man. Then the Crier of Pecos, In fantastic costume, will tell of tho coming of tho wonderful race of strangers, thunder-breathing. The Spanish army will enter, Invited by tho Cacique. There will ho gorge ous dances of entertainment, each side, Spanish and Indian, vying with tho other In the splendor of Its shows, Aztecs, Moors, Spanish Wnniors and women, masked Pueblo people, etc. Olfts will bo interchanged, aniTtlio Spaniards will discover the gold. cleverly offered by tho Cacique's peo- Described A teacher In English in one of our colleges describes a money-lender ns follows: "He serves you In the pres ent tense, lends in tho conditional mood, keeps you in tho subjective, nnd ruins you In tho future." Ten Per Cent WIN Do. A Washington scientist has discov ered that pcoplo who eat i eanuts l,b orally lmvo a fine growthofhnlr. Wo shall expect n commission from the peanut venders for passing this In formation along. Boston Transcript. pis. Then will follow th exclttmoni of Uie dramatic sceno, in which tha talo of Quivera is unfolded. Tho Turk and Ysopete will nppenr, and with trumpets and banners thp Span ish troop will march forth on its wild quest, to the great chorus, "Hearts of tho Conqulstadores," a feature of the music written for the pngeant by Henry Purmort Knmcs, formerly of Omaha, now of Chicago. Immediately the temper of the sceno will chnngoj from a great festival of entertainment It will turn to a carnival of vindictive hate and tho malleloi i Joy of the In dians In the success of their ruse. There will be a war dance a genuine one by native Indians; a meteoric shower In the distance wIlU foretell disaster to the Spaniards; the cacique will deliver ids curse upon them a tremendous baritone solo; and the first night's performance will end with a great chorlc nppeal to the Clods of Destruction to 'ill upon the depart ing strangers. The second evening of the pageant, September ll)th, will lepresent the army of Coromido in the Missouri Valley, In too fubulous Quivera. The pageant again opens with an Indian dance, done by native Plain Indiana. Following this comes a fantasia, an lmaginatle representation of Tatar rax and Ids people, not as actually was to disclose them but us vlsloned In the drama of the Spaniards. The scene will represent the dancing women of Quivera, win lug boughs fioni the fabled tree with Its pendu lous bells of MIor and gold. It will show the ornate symbollcd barge of the monarch, bearing .atari ax, "mon arch of dreams," and his prophet, who will foretell the near approach of the new order of things. Then It will fade, as a dream fades, and In the Hstauce tl.e army of Coronndo will be seen approaching. The burning of a distant 'Village, after a brief combat, will be emblem atic of the adventuies of the Journey. The Spaniards will enter, led by "the Turk." Then will follow the drama of tho revealment, when Coionado and his followers discover that they have been deliberately misled, In the hope as "the Turk" boasts that they will perish In the wilds. For this treachery "the Tuik" (who, after all, was a hero of the Indian race) was executed, ere tho disillusioned Span lards turned back on their rour.se. Hut in Coronado's report of the coun tries discovered, made to the King uf Spain, lie dldvplcture the prairle-land as rich and fertile, capable of sup porting many cattle and growing rich vineyards. For him it was no "gieat American desert," as long it seemed to the first explorer from the east. It is therefore with especial propriety that In the pageant of "Coionado in Quivera," following his first disillusion ment, Coronado should be represented as foreseeing the great future of the prairie country, his Quivera. The pageant closes with this vis Ion of the future as foreseen by Coro nndo, In a kind of apocalypse. First the trappers and traders and eaily explorers pass In view, with their packs and dogs and ponies. Next tho cowboy days are Indicated, and after them the farming settlers with their ox-teams and prairie schooners. The Indian wars are indicated by soldiers and mounted Indian warriors, who had first seen horses when the troop of Coronado wound over their limiting grounds. A chorus, "Hall to the City" greets a symbolic representation of the city of Omaha, "The Gate of the Prairies" emblematic of the ilunl and full white man's occupation, acclaim ed by rainbow dancers, emblems of promise, for after all there Is no region on earth with such conscious promise as is ours. Hut this Is not all. Coronado's quest was disappointed in Its actual Tatnrrax, but If It be viewed as a quest of the Ideal through the cen turies It is coming to n kind of reali zation In tho Pageant movement and in such pageant-fosering organiza tions ns Ak-Sar-Hen Itself, with King Ak-Snr-Hen as the monarch of tho new dynasty. Tho pageant, therefore, will show, before the grand finale, the emissaries of this new "monarch of dreams," come to receive their commission from the past, from Coro nado nnd from Tatnrrax and fru.n all the wealth of Nebraska's great tradition. At the close, the whole will be mnssed in a great spectacle, as it were, telescoping the centuries in one brilliant vision. There are many features dances, choruses, songs, spectacle, which will appear In the two-evening pageant that cannot he noled In this brief ac count. Mention bhould be made, how ever, of the "Prairie Vesper," to bo given by some six hundred Omaha school children as a sort of a curtain- raiser (the real curtain Is to bo the evening sky) on each evening. Tim idea of it Is to give the opon-nlr spirit of tho prairie west In symbolic form, with chant and motion. For back of tho will to man, back of the red man, under and around us all, Is the great house of llfo which Is the land Itself and Its arching skies. Koreans Refuse Hnlr-Cuts. Koreans do not cut their hair or beard, believing that by fo doing they would dishonor their pnrcuts. Any hnlr thnt may happen to fall dut Is saved, and with finger-nail pairings, put In tho collln, so that u dead man or woman mny go bnck to another earth Intact. The Gentle English Way. Ills voice stopped exactly like when you hit n neighbor's gramophono with a well-alined brick. H. G. Wells, In the Magic Shop, Tjfie AMERICAN (Copr for ThU Department Supplied by the American I.Mlon Nete Service.) ' i STARS ON MEMORIAL TREES Living Monuments to 308 of Missouri's Hero Dead Line the Famous King's Highway. Living memorials, sheltering those who come their way, always serving, JI08 pleasant slinde trees nlong King's highway In St. Louis stand as u mon ument to .'(OS Mlbsourl bids who gnvo their lives during the World war. In Memory or Hero Dead. Each tree bears n gold star. A hero's name, the name of the unit and branch of service to which lie was at tached are engraved on ench star. The trees were planted on Arbor dny by members of the American Le gion. Mnny of the mothers of the men In" whose memory the trees stand helped place the gold stars on the European sycamores, sweet gums and green oaks that line either side of the parkway. RANKING WEST POINT CADET Charles Barrett, Former "Buck" Pri vate, Honor Man of Class of 1922 at Great Academy. From n "buck private in the rear rank" In 1017 to the highest ranking cadet at West Point Is tho rec ord of Charles J. Harrctt, "lienor man" of the 1022 class at the mili tary academy. Harrctt went to Franco as a mem ber of the IMHli division. With 181 other "hand picked" soldiers he was chosen to tuicu tne exam inations for West Point. Ho took high est honors. At tho academy, he was made regi mental comninnder, editor of the school magazine and chnlrman of the board of governors. Despite Ids other activities, he has found time to do enough studying during Ills four years to land him nt the head of his class. MARSHAL F0CH HAD THE TIME Famous French Fighter Aids Blind War Victim Seeklno Wounded Soldiers' Institute. Tho splendid spirit of Marshal Ferdinand Focli of France, who won the heurts of the American people when he toured this country ns the guest of tho American Legion lust year Is Illustrated by a story from Pnris. A blind veteran tapped his way along the sidewalk. "Excuso me, am I near the wounded soldiers Insti tute?" he asked of a passing pedes trian. "I've only been there twice nnd I mil not quite sure of the way." "You nro close to It now; let me tnkc you," ciime the reply. Arriving nt the door of tho Institute, the guldo snld to the Janitor: "Kind ly take this man to the section for the blind." "Take him yourself," growled the Janitor. "Under the nrchwny on the other side of tho courtyard." The civilian did take tho veteran, but on the way out ho addressed the Janitor ngnln. "Could you not lie n little moro obliging to the blind?" ho asked gently. "There nro too mnny nnd I hnven't the time," was the surly response. "It seems to me that It Is your duty to help them," snld tho other. "I enn find time nnd I nm Marshal Focii." Plants 530 Memorial Trees. Memorial trees for KM) veterans who gave their lives In the World war have been planted by the Washington (D. C.) post of tho American Legion. As a pint of the Memorial day exer cises each year, wreaths made up to resemble the Legion Insignia and meiicim llugy will be placed on each s PRIVATE y M liiA) fi". T -' .-a 53 . N3 vK fctt! &v TABLETS OR LIQUID SOLD EVERYWHERE Now Peddle FlowerB. Nothing more pntlietlc can be seen In the Nenr IJnst today than the splendid, u;istandlng Russian officers In their badly worn greatcoats selling llowers on the street. "They would do anything, theso Itusslan men and women, exiles from their own country," snys Doctor lies tor, president of ChautaiKpia. Doctor Hestor spoke recently at tho national board hcudnunrtcrs on his three months' tour "f Uie continent. "Tho wife of a former Itusslan ambassador Is u cook In a family. The doorkeep er of the embassy Is a former admiral of the Uusslan licet. These Russians have lost their relatives, In fact every thing in the world except their grit and courage, and the only organiza tion In tho Near Kast administering to tint women and girls among them Is the Y. W. C. A." To insuro gllstenlng-whlto table linens, use Red Cross Hall Rlue In your laundry. It never disappoints. At all good grocers. Advertisement. Her Curiosity. The audience held its breath with amazement ns tliu acrobat swung high above the rostrum, held only by a frail cord looped around one foot. Somewhere among the spectators a little girl arose from her seat. ".Mama," she shouted, breaking the silence, "can you do that''" The lady tried to quiet her, but the cnlld persisted in demanding whether or not her mother had ever climbed ropes or done anything of this sort. At last, embarrassed by the attention which tho child was attracting, the mother Jerked the child into the scat, warning, "You Just wait until I get home I" "Ohl" exclaimed the little disturber, "then your gonna try It?" Judge. Polynesians Mysterious Race. The urea occupied by the Polynesian race In the Pacific is not less than 2,000,000 square miles. Hut the land surface within tills area is relatively small and varies from New Zealand with Its 100,000 squnro miles to little atolls barely large enough to resist the waves. The branches of tho race are- scattered from Hawaii In tho north to New Zealand In the sohth, from the New Hebrides In tho west to Faster Island In the east, nnd their homogeneity Is n remarkable feature. Nobody who hns studied their cus toms, their language and their legends can doubt that they have a common origin. Whence came the Polyne sians? Child!-, Wisdom. "Mary, If you misbehave like thnt you will make your mother angry at you." Little Mary That don't senro me, she nln't my wife. A TRUE RAT STORY Auburntown, Tcnn., June 23, 1922. Strnrnn Hloctrlc l'aato Co., CIiIcdko, 111. Di'Hra turn: Mr. llobrrt T. Donnelt of Auburntown. Tnn , cmno In our ntoro tho other day unci wnnted nomxthlnK tn hilt ratn, no I Hold him a box Ktinirnn Hat 1'nnto. And lie put sotnn panto on Mix biscuits that nlBlit and tho next morning ho found fifty-four Mr ruts, And tho second nlKht ho put out four moro blncultn with pnnto m thorn, nnd tho second mornlnc ho found seventeen moro rats, innlilnc n total of suventy-ono ruU In two nlKlitc nnd there wero Iota Inoro thnt ho did not find. Thin Is somo bin rnt tnle, but, never theless. It It so Just thought would writ" to let you know that your rat jmslo Is good, Respectfully yours, KBNNUDY UUOTHRnS. Buy a 35c Box of Stearns Electric Paste Today Krmticli to Kill 00 lo 100 Itu or Mlrc, IVm't waido tlmo trylnr: to kill theHO peHts with puwdoru, IIouIiIh nnd other expnilmcntal priipuratlun. Heady for Uf.e Heller 'H'tir TntpH. Drug nnd (lenernl Htoris sell , STEARNS' ELECTRIC PASTE '111 ClgardlCS lei I 9 .7f?7 i;!a They are GOOD! 10 Buy this Cigarette and Save Money "IT SAVED MY LIFE" Tht rtllg Trikrti f Wmii It PE-RU-NA READ HER LETTER-IT WILL DO YOU GOOD "Po-ru-na linn been a Oodeend to mo. I foal iafe In laying that It navod my life. I mi all run down nnd inteerablo when I oommonoed taking Po-ru-na, but am on tho road to reoovery bow. 1 oannot thank ycu ton much." MIIS. C1IAHMS9 ANSPAUOII, 11. V. U. No. 7, Lagrange, Indiana. A tetter lll(o thin brlngi hopo and tha promlio of health to ovory alck und aurferlng 'woman. Per hap you know what It meana to have your dally dutlen a misery, every movement an effort, atomach deranged, pnlnn In the head, baok and lolni moat of tha time, norvei raw nnd quivering not a mo ment day or night free from aufferlnir. Do n Mr. Anipaugh did. Tako Pe-ra-na. Don't wait but start right away. His First Elephant. fllcnn Max, of Danville, Ind Is Uiree years old and observing. Glenn attended the Yankee circus nt tho fair ground and saw an elephunt for tho first time. With much astonishment ho ex claimed: "Oil, mamma, It cats wit I, Its tall." Indianapolis News. Home Thoughts. Wife (away from home) Horrors t I forgot to turn off tho electric Iron I Husband It's nil right. Nothing will burn long I forgot to turn off the water In tho bathtub. From Kas per, Stockholm. lrsiJLOOM LlOy&ngducts Baby Carnages 6' Furniture Ask Your Local Dealer Write Now for 32-Page Illustrated Booklet Tho Lloyd Manufacturing Company (HtilwooJ-WaktfitlJ Co.) Dept. U Menominee, Michigan (19) Western Ganada Land of Prosperity offers to home seekers opportunities that can not be secured elsewhere. The thousands ot farmers from the United States who have accented Canada a generous offer to settle oB FREE homesteads or buy farm land in her provinces have been well repaid by bountiful crops. There is still available on easy terras Ftrtlls Land at SIS to $30 an Atra land similar to that which through mnny years has yielded from 20 to 45 bushels of wheat to the acre oats, barley and flax also In crcat abundance, while raising horses, cattle, aheep and hogs ia equally profitable. Hundreds of farmers In Western Canada have raised crops in a single season worth more than the whole cost of their land. With such success comes prosperity, inde pendence, good homeland all the comforts and conveniences which moke life worth living. Farm Gardens, Poultry, Dairying; are sources of Income second only to grain growing ana eiock raising. Attractive climate, good neighbors, churches and, schools, good markets, railroad facilities. (urai icicpnone, etc. For certificate entitling you to re duced railway rntca. illustrated lltera. ture, maps, description of farm oppor-' tunnies in manuooa, Saskatchewan, Aiuerta ana uruisn coiumoia, etc.. write W. V. BENNETT 800 Peter's Trust Bulldlno Omaha, Nsb, SirtlMrltMl Stwrt, Dt, f loMlcrftttai and OblMtwtlM. DamlntM H Cm T RADIO selling does not require the technical knowledge that very many people suppose. There are Large Profits and Quick Turnover due to the unprecedented public interest A Radio Department gefo cus tomers into the store. Have you considered the desirability of having such a Department? Radio Merchandising 17ic Semi-Monthly Magazine of the cRpdio Industry gives you all the information on the subject you require. Three dollars a year Four months for a dollar. Radio Publishing Corporation Incorporated Depl.33, 342 Madison Ave.,NeWYork City KODAKS Developing, Printing and Enlarging Lincoln Photo Supply Co. (Kaatman IioJalt Co.) Dept K, 1217 O St Lincoln, Neb, Cuticura Soap AND OINTMENT Clear the Skin Sosp 25c, Ointmtat 25 sad 50c, Talcum 25c New Hair to replaco old, should bo grow lug all ths time. It will If TOO. . .. . j ' . . ueeQ-Uan Ualr Tonlo Don't frtt bald, tret Q-nu toly It'a mucii mure picAiwii ai aii gooa urusiruitf. toc. or direct from IIEUIG-EUIS, Cltalib. Mwtkh, TZ llWffl'Utl VM n W. N. U., LINCOLN, NO. 32-1922.