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About The Red Cloud chief. (Red Cloud, Webster Co., Neb.) 1873-1923 | View Entire Issue (Aug. 17, 1922)
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RED CLOUD, HEBRABKA, OHTJEF
it' , kJ
"Coronado Revisits Seven
Golden Cities of Cibola
The Jeweled Armor of Spain's
Grandeur to Flash in tho
Sunlight of a Now
THE REVENGE OF EL TURCO
Returns to Nebraska
Views Its Wealth of Fame,
Cities and Villages
af tsr 400 yeaVa.
Dy DR. H D. ALEXANDER.
University of Nebraska.
Jamestown, Vn., was founded In
1007, tho I'llp-lms blfdited Capo Cod
In 10U0, Hut It wns tliree quarters
of a century earlier, in 1510, Unit
' Yiisqucz do Coromido mnde his eon-
((lUcrliiK expedition into tho I'uehlo
k'ountry of New Mexico, and In tho
bpriti of the following year Unit he
enteral the MNsouri Valley and hlazed
. I 1 I t r t I j. nun lltn imillll Hit lilift
V nun iiilu iiiv jrtuiiitj i:wiiuilj, twiiuu
t'li Indians had famed to him as the
golden luud of Quivera.
Americans of tho Middle West are
prone to think of the Atlantic const
Dancing Women of Quivera Welcome Tatarrax, Monarch of Dreams.
states as the truly "historical" portion
tof their country, but the future is
wltogether likely to flnil out most
fahclnating chapters in the story of
the opening up of the grent continen
tal Interior of North America, n story
which begins with Coromido and con
tinues on through the days of the
trappers and traders, Indian fighters
nnd railroad builders, to our own
time, for the canvas-topped prairie
schooner hns not even yet camped
on its last claim, nnd the speeding
tourist car still occasionally passes
lil in bobbing along the westward road.
If not yet, certainly in the not distant
future the Middle Western American
will wake up to the fact that Ameri
can history Is his In as rich n sense
us any easterner or southerner may
The rapidly growing popularity of
historical pageants In the Middle West
Is a symptom that the awakening is
nt hand. Community after community
is presenting the drama of the settle
ment of tho West to Its people, the
elders rejoicing in tho recollections
aroused by the pictures of the past,
the youth getting a new understand
ing of the tales of pioneer days heard
from their fathers. A unique feature
of such a pageant wns Inaugurated in
Shenandoah, Iowa, recently, when for
a day automobiles were banished from
the streets, only horse-drnwn vehicles
being allowed, while the citizens
everywhere searched their attics and
storage for old garments and revived
tho costumes of the past. Everybody
tool; part in the celebritlon, nnd when
tho pageant came off seutlng was Im
possible for the crowd. It Is In fact
the great value of pageantry' that It
represents participation by groups
representative of the whole commun
ity, even In lar,e cities.
The year 10122 Is marked by nn un
usually Interesting pageant event, or
rather a pair of them. When Mexico
threw olT the Spanish yoke, n hundred
j ears ago, tho new government in
vited Into Its territories trado from
the United States, which before that
time bad boon rigidly restricted by
tho Spanish government, which was
fearful of American encroachment.
One of tho first consequences was tho
opening of tho Santa Fo trail, tho
Elizabeth's Coaches Aroused Envy.
In tho end tho husbands capitulated,
"and after a while divers great ltdles,
with as great Jealousy of tho queen's
displeasure nmdo them conches, and
v rid them up and downo tho countries
to tho grent admiration of all beholders."
"Yes," snld Mrs. I'luglelgh, "I al
ways keep my dog tied up. I never
can be sure when some tramp might
coino along and bite him or steal his
first nnd most famous of the over
plains trnde routes. Pack mules, in
18212, broke their way with their mer
chandise. It is tho centennial of this
event which Is to be celebrated in
Santn Fe, nt Its September Ilostu this
fall, a celebration which is likely to
pro-e one of the most interesting over
put on In tho west.
Fitting In with the Santa Fe cele
bration, like a mated shoe, is the
pageant bulnjr prepared by tho Ak-Sar-Hon
of Omaha ,to bo given In
their city the 18th and 1Mb of Sep
tember. This is to celebrate tho ex
pedition of Coronndo Into Quivera,
tho first advent of white men Into
the Missouri Valley. The subject Is
fitting In a double senM), for it repre
sents the Spanish penetration, hack
In the Kith century, eastward Into the
plains country, Just as the trail cen
tenary represents the beginning of the
American movement westward. And
again there Is a dramatic prnpiloty
In the fact that Coromido on part of
his course actually followed so Colo
nel Twltchell of Santa Fe stare-
the route of what was later to be
come the gteat trail. In any t-c,
from Santa Fe In the eastern itoikles
o Omaha on the Missouri repi'O.Mits
the territories rouuhly defined l
C'oronado's Journey, the wh'to man's
(d,-covery of tho Orcat I'lams of
North America, nnd it is a happy
coincidence thnt the two cities cele
brate the history of the region with
in n fortnight of one another.
The Ak-Sar-Uen pageant, entitled
"Coronndo in Quivera," will occupy
two evenings. The first evening, Sep
tember 18th, will deplclt tho departure
of the army of Coronndo from tho now
ruined and abandoned I'uehlo of l'ecos,
about thirty miles east of Santa Fe.
This Pueblo wns the largest In New
Mexico at the time rf the conquest,
but Its cacique, hearing of tho prowess
of the Spaniards and of their terrible
weapons nnd animals, thought dis
simulation better tbnn reslstnnce.
Accordingly, with great show of friend
ship, ho InvIU 1 Coromido to Ids town ;
there the Spaniards were feasted, and
there they were told talcs of the
golden land of Quivera and its mag
nificent monarch Tatarrax, far to the
east. The device wm one used by
Indian nntlpns in both North nnd
South America to get rid of unwel
come guests, nnd generally they suc
ceeded, for the Spaniards were full
of credulity. Certainly njrenado took
At Pecos there were a couple of
plains Indians, either captives or
guests, the one called by tho Spaniards
"the Turk" from his fancied resem
blance to n Moor, the other named
Ysopete. It Is bupposed that these
Indians wero Wichita or Pawnee, of
tho Cnddoan stock. Tho cacique of
Pecos cleverly used these men to In
llamo the Imagination of tho Conquls
tadores. Their talcs and the display
of a gold trinket or two wero suffi
cient, and the Spaniards set forth.
Urlelly, tills Is the plot of the page
ant for the first evening. Tho scene,
three hundred feet across the front
and thirty feet high, will represent
the Pueblo of Pecos, Hanked on either
side by tho Spanish camp mil a camp
of tepees representing visiting Indians
from tho Grent Plains. There will be
an Indian dance, typifying tho native
life of the Ked Man. Then the Crier
of Pecos, In fantastic costume, will
tell of tho coming of tho wonderful
race of strangers, thunder-breathing.
The Spanish army will enter, Invited
by tho Cacique. There will ho gorge
ous dances of entertainment, each
side, Spanish and Indian, vying with
tho other In the splendor of Its shows,
Aztecs, Moors, Spanish Wnniors and
women, masked Pueblo people, etc.
Olfts will bo interchanged, aniTtlio
Spaniards will discover the gold.
cleverly offered by tho Cacique's peo-
A teacher In English in one of our
colleges describes a money-lender ns
follows: "He serves you In the pres
ent tense, lends in tho conditional
mood, keeps you in tho subjective, nnd
ruins you In tho future."
Ten Per Cent WIN Do.
A Washington scientist has discov
ered that pcoplo who eat i eanuts l,b
orally lmvo a fine growthofhnlr. Wo
shall expect n commission from the
peanut venders for passing this In
formation along. Boston Transcript.
pis. Then will follow th exclttmoni
of Uie dramatic sceno, in which tha
talo of Quivera is unfolded. Tho
Turk and Ysopete will nppenr, and
with trumpets and banners thp Span
ish troop will march forth on its wild
quest, to the great chorus, "Hearts
of tho Conqulstadores," a feature of
the music written for the pngeant by
Henry Purmort Knmcs, formerly of
Omaha, now of Chicago. Immediately
the temper of the sceno will chnngoj
from a great festival of entertainment
It will turn to a carnival of vindictive
hate and tho malleloi i Joy of the In
dians In the success of their ruse.
There will be a war dance a genuine
one by native Indians; a meteoric
shower In the distance wIlU foretell
disaster to the Spaniards; the cacique
will deliver ids curse upon them a
tremendous baritone solo; and the first
night's performance will end with a
great chorlc nppeal to the Clods of
Destruction to 'ill upon the depart
The second evening of the pageant,
September ll)th, will lepresent the
army of Coromido in the Missouri
Valley, In too fubulous Quivera. The
pageant again opens with an Indian
dance, done by native Plain Indiana.
Following this comes a fantasia, an
lmaginatle representation of Tatar
rax and Ids people, not as actually
was to disclose them but us vlsloned
In the drama of the Spaniards. The
scene will represent the dancing
women of Quivera, win lug boughs
fioni the fabled tree with Its pendu
lous bells of MIor and gold. It will
show the ornate symbollcd barge of
the monarch, bearing .atari ax, "mon
arch of dreams," and his prophet, who
will foretell the near approach of the
new order of things. Then It will
fade, as a dream fades, and In the
Hstauce tl.e army of Coronndo will
be seen approaching.
The burning of a distant 'Village,
after a brief combat, will be emblem
atic of the adventuies of the Journey.
The Spaniards will enter, led by "the
Turk." Then will follow the drama
of tho revealment, when Coionado
and his followers discover that they
have been deliberately misled, In the
hope as "the Turk" boasts that they
will perish In the wilds. For this
treachery "the Tuik" (who, after all,
was a hero of the Indian race) was
executed, ere tho disillusioned Span
lards turned back on their rour.se.
Hut in Coronado's report of the coun
tries discovered, made to the King uf
Spain, lie dldvplcture the prairle-land
as rich and fertile, capable of sup
porting many cattle and growing rich
vineyards. For him it was no "gieat
American desert," as long it seemed
to the first explorer from the east.
It is therefore with especial propriety
that In the pageant of "Coionado in
Quivera," following his first disillusion
ment, Coronado should be represented
as foreseeing the great future of the
prairie country, his Quivera.
The pageant closes with this vis
Ion of the future as foreseen by Coro
nndo, In a kind of apocalypse. First
the trappers and traders and eaily
explorers pass In view, with their
packs and dogs and ponies. Next tho
cowboy days are Indicated, and after
them the farming settlers with their
ox-teams and prairie schooners. The
Indian wars are indicated by soldiers
and mounted Indian warriors, who
had first seen horses when the troop
of Coronado wound over their limiting
grounds. A chorus, "Hall to the City"
greets a symbolic representation of
the city of Omaha, "The Gate of the
Prairies" emblematic of the ilunl and
full white man's occupation, acclaim
ed by rainbow dancers, emblems of
promise, for after all there Is no
region on earth with such conscious
promise as is ours.
Hut this Is not all. Coronado's
quest was disappointed in Its actual
Tatnrrax, but If It be viewed as a
quest of the Ideal through the cen
turies It is coming to n kind of reali
zation In tho Pageant movement and
in such pageant-fosering organiza
tions ns Ak-Sar-Hen Itself, with King
Ak-Snr-Hen as the monarch of tho
new dynasty. Tho pageant, therefore,
will show, before the grand finale,
the emissaries of this new "monarch
of dreams," come to receive their
commission from the past, from Coro
nado nnd from Tatnrrax and fru.n
all the wealth of Nebraska's great
tradition. At the close, the whole will
be mnssed in a great spectacle, as it
were, telescoping the centuries in one
There are many features dances,
choruses, songs, spectacle, which will
appear In the two-evening pageant
that cannot he noled In this brief ac
count. Mention bhould be made, how
ever, of the "Prairie Vesper," to bo
given by some six hundred Omaha
school children as a sort of a curtain-
raiser (the real curtain Is to bo the
evening sky) on each evening. Tim
idea of it Is to give the opon-nlr spirit
of tho prairie west In symbolic form,
with chant and motion. For back of
tho will to man, back of the red man,
under and around us all, Is the great
house of llfo which Is the land Itself
and Its arching skies.
Koreans Refuse Hnlr-Cuts.
Koreans do not cut their hair or
beard, believing that by fo doing they
would dishonor their pnrcuts. Any
hnlr thnt may happen to fall dut Is
saved, and with finger-nail pairings,
put In tho collln, so that u dead man
or woman mny go bnck to another
The Gentle English Way.
Ills voice stopped exactly like
when you hit n neighbor's gramophono
with a well-alined brick. H. G. Wells,
In the Magic Shop,
(Copr for ThU Department Supplied by
the American I.Mlon Nete Service.)
STARS ON MEMORIAL TREES
Living Monuments to 308 of Missouri's
Hero Dead Line the Famous
Living memorials, sheltering those
who come their way, always serving,
JI08 pleasant slinde trees nlong King's
highway In St. Louis stand as u mon
ument to .'(OS Mlbsourl bids who gnvo
their lives during the World war.
In Memory or Hero Dead.
Each tree bears n gold star. A hero's
name, the name of the unit and
branch of service to which lie was at
tached are engraved on ench star.
The trees were planted on Arbor
dny by members of the American Le
gion. Mnny of the mothers of the men
In" whose memory the trees stand
helped place the gold stars on the
European sycamores, sweet gums and
green oaks that line either side of the
RANKING WEST POINT CADET
Charles Barrett, Former "Buck" Pri
vate, Honor Man of Class of 1922
at Great Academy.
From n "buck private in the rear
rank" In 1017 to the highest ranking
cadet at West
Point Is tho rec
ord of Charles J.
man" of the 1022
class at the mili
Harrctt went to
Franco as a mem
ber of the IMHli
division. With 181
he was chosen to
tuicu tne exam
inations for West Point. Ho took high
At tho academy, he was made regi
mental comninnder, editor of the
school magazine and chnlrman of the
board of governors. Despite Ids other
activities, he has found time to do
enough studying during Ills four years
to land him nt the head of his class.
MARSHAL F0CH HAD THE TIME
Famous French Fighter Aids Blind
War Victim Seeklno Wounded
Tho splendid spirit of Marshal
Ferdinand Focli of France, who won
the heurts of the American people
when he toured this country ns the
guest of tho American Legion lust
year Is Illustrated by a story from
A blind veteran tapped his way
along the sidewalk. "Excuso me, am
I near the wounded soldiers Insti
tute?" he asked of a passing pedes
trian. "I've only been there twice
nnd I mil not quite sure of the way."
"You nro close to It now; let me
tnkc you," ciime the reply.
Arriving nt the door of tho Institute,
the guldo snld to the Janitor: "Kind
ly take this man to the section for
"Take him yourself," growled the
Janitor. "Under the nrchwny on the
other side of tho courtyard."
The civilian did take tho veteran,
but on the way out ho addressed the
"Could you not lie n little moro
obliging to the blind?" ho asked
"There nro too mnny nnd I hnven't
the time," was the surly response.
"It seems to me that It Is your duty
to help them," snld tho other. "I enn
find time nnd I nm Marshal Focii."
Plants 530 Memorial Trees.
Memorial trees for KM) veterans who
gave their lives In the World war have
been planted by the Washington
(D. C.) post of tho American Legion.
As a pint of the Memorial day exer
cises each year, wreaths made up to
resemble the Legion Insignia and
meiicim llugy will be placed on each
s PRIVATE y
fi". T -'
TABLETS OR LIQUID
Now Peddle FlowerB.
Nothing more pntlietlc can be seen
In the Nenr IJnst today than the
splendid, u;istandlng Russian officers
In their badly worn greatcoats selling
llowers on the street.
"They would do anything, theso
Itusslan men and women, exiles from
their own country," snys Doctor lies
tor, president of ChautaiKpia. Doctor
Hestor spoke recently at tho national
board hcudnunrtcrs on his three
months' tour "f Uie continent. "Tho
wife of a former Itusslan ambassador
Is u cook In a family. The doorkeep
er of the embassy Is a former admiral
of the Uusslan licet. These Russians
have lost their relatives, In fact every
thing in the world except their grit
and courage, and the only organiza
tion In tho Near Kast administering
to tint women and girls among them
Is the Y. W. C. A."
To insuro gllstenlng-whlto table
linens, use Red Cross Hall Rlue In your
laundry. It never disappoints. At all
good grocers. Advertisement.
The audience held its breath with
amazement ns tliu acrobat swung high
above the rostrum, held only by a frail
cord looped around one foot.
Somewhere among the spectators a
little girl arose from her seat.
".Mama," she shouted, breaking the
silence, "can you do that''"
The lady tried to quiet her, but the
cnlld persisted in demanding whether
or not her mother had ever climbed
ropes or done anything of this sort.
At last, embarrassed by the attention
which tho child was attracting, the
mother Jerked the child into the scat,
warning, "You Just wait until I get
"Ohl" exclaimed the little disturber,
"then your gonna try It?" Judge.
Polynesians Mysterious Race.
The urea occupied by the Polynesian
race In the Pacific is not less than
2,000,000 square miles. Hut the land
surface within tills area is relatively
small and varies from New Zealand
with Its 100,000 squnro miles to little
atolls barely large enough to resist
the waves. The branches of tho race
are- scattered from Hawaii In tho
north to New Zealand In the sohth,
from the New Hebrides In tho west to
Faster Island In the east, nnd their
homogeneity Is n remarkable feature.
Nobody who hns studied their cus
toms, their language and their legends
can doubt that they have a common
origin. Whence came the Polyne
sians? Child!-, Wisdom.
"Mary, If you misbehave like thnt
you will make your mother angry at
Little Mary That don't senro me,
she nln't my wife.
A TRUE RAT STORY
Auburntown, Tcnn., June 23, 1922.
Strnrnn Hloctrlc l'aato Co.,
Mr. llobrrt T. Donnelt of Auburntown.
Tnn , cmno In our ntoro tho other day
unci wnnted nomxthlnK tn hilt ratn, no I
Hold him a box Ktinirnn Hat 1'nnto. And
lie put sotnn panto on Mix biscuits that
nlBlit and tho next morning ho found
fifty-four Mr ruts, And tho second nlKht
ho put out four moro blncultn with pnnto
m thorn, nnd tho second mornlnc ho
found seventeen moro rats, innlilnc n total
of suventy-ono ruU In two nlKlitc nnd
there wero Iota Inoro thnt ho did not find.
Thin Is somo bin rnt tnle, but, never
theless. It It so Just thought would
writ" to let you know that your rat
jmslo Is good,
Buy a 35c Box of Stearns
Electric Paste Today
Krmticli to Kill 00 lo 100 Itu or Mlrc,
IVm't waido tlmo trylnr: to kill theHO peHts
with puwdoru, IIouIiIh nnd other expnilmcntal
priipuratlun. Heady for Uf.e Heller 'H'tir
TntpH. Drug nnd (lenernl Htoris sell ,
STEARNS' ELECTRIC PASTE
lei I 9 .7f?7 i;!a
Buy this Cigarette and Save Money
"IT SAVED MY LIFE"
Tht rtllg Trikrti f Wmii It
READ HER LETTER-IT WILL DO YOU GOOD
"Po-ru-na linn been a Oodeend to mo. I foal iafe
In laying that It navod my life. I mi all run down
nnd inteerablo when I oommonoed taking Po-ru-na,
but am on tho road to reoovery bow. 1 oannot thank
ycu ton much."
MIIS. C1IAHMS9 ANSPAUOII,
11. V. U. No. 7, Lagrange, Indiana.
A tetter lll(o thin brlngi hopo and tha promlio
of health to ovory alck und aurferlng 'woman. Per
hap you know what It meana to have your dally
dutlen a misery, every movement an effort, atomach
deranged, pnlnn In the head, baok and lolni moat
of tha time, norvei raw nnd quivering not a mo
ment day or night free from aufferlnir.
Do n Mr. Anipaugh did. Tako Pe-ra-na. Don't
wait but start right away.
His First Elephant.
fllcnn Max, of Danville, Ind Is
Uiree years old and observing. Glenn
attended the Yankee circus nt tho
fair ground and saw an elephunt for
tho first time.
With much astonishment ho ex
claimed: "Oil, mamma, It cats wit I,
Its tall." Indianapolis News.
Wife (away from home) Horrors t
I forgot to turn off tho electric Iron I
Husband It's nil right. Nothing
will burn long I forgot to turn off
the water In tho bathtub. From Kas
Baby Carnages 6' Furniture
Ask Your Local Dealer
Write Now for 32-Page
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Menominee, Michigan (19)
Land of Prosperity
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Ftrtlls Land at SIS to $30 an Atra
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With such success comes prosperity, inde
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Farm Gardens, Poultry, Dairying;
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A Radio Department gefo cus
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17ic Semi-Monthly Magazine
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gives you all the information on
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Radio Publishing Corporation
Depl.33, 342 Madison Ave.,NeWYork City
Lincoln Photo Supply Co.
(Kaatman IioJalt Co.)
Dept K, 1217 O St Lincoln, Neb,
Clear the Skin
Sosp 25c, Ointmtat 25 sad 50c, Talcum 25c
to replaco old,
should bo grow
lug all ths time.
It will If TOO.
. .. . j ' . . ueeQ-Uan Ualr
Tonlo Don't frtt bald, tret Q-nu toly It'a
mucii mure picAiwii ai aii gooa urusiruitf. toc.
or direct from IIEUIG-EUIS, Cltalib. Mwtkh, TZ
W. N. U., LINCOLN, NO. 32-1922.