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About The Red Cloud chief. (Red Cloud, Webster Co., Neb.) 1873-1923 | View Entire Issue (June 1, 1922)
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RED OLOUD, NEBRASKA, CHIEF
in Last Stand
,Lovcly Plumage Is Making Its
Last Appearance in Millinery
Shops, Due to Law.
PROHIBITED BY NEW TARIFF
Importation Prohibited Under Law of
1013, but OmlEolon of Restriction!
on Sals Left Chance for
New Yorli. Tlio plumage of tlio
bird of pnradlse, one of the loveliest
nnd crudest of feminine adornments,
Is making positively Its Inst npprar
nncc In New York millinery shops this
season. In another yenr, It Is expect
ed, It will hnvc completely dlsap
penned, because ly that time It Is go
ing to be dangerous to sell It. Conse
quently nenrfy every hat-shop window
In the city now cdntalns a gorgeous
dlsplny of paradise plumes, marked
down to bargain prices.
Tho new tariff law, however, con
tains the necessary restrictions In an
amendment' which puts on the dealer
the burden of proving his stock of
feathers was In this country on or be
fore 1013. Hence the present Intense
anxiety of dealers to dispose of their
paradise feathers before the act Is put
Under the old law, It was the gov
ernment that had to supply tho proof,
which was Impractical. About the
only way the federal authorities could
obtain a conviction was to catch a
smuggler In the act of bringing pnra
dlso feathers Into tho country. Once
they were here, they were as safe as
If they had been formnlly passed by
the customs olllclnls.
No Shortage of Plumes.
Thus the smuggling qf paradise
feathers Into this country has been
proceeding briskly for tho last nine
years, during which time the millinery
market has never been annoyed by n
shortage. The demand for the plumes,
according to one dealer, Is "as steady
as that for diamonds," so that smug
glers have always been able to dis
pose of their goods promptly. Most
of the smuggling bus been carried on
,by seamen and olllcers of merchnnt
ships from the Mediterranean, who
usually conceal the feathers under
"Lean Beamcn," one ofllclal tells
us, have waddled oft their ships swol
len and purred like Falstaffs by layers
upon layers of plumes strapped to
their limbs and trunks. On some lines
customs Inspectors first tnke a glimpse
at the neck and then at the waist of
tho seamen. If they observe n No. 14
neck springing out of n G0-lnch torso
.they make an arrest and usually re
cover n few thousand dollars' worth
All of the confiscated plumes, as
.specified In the 1013 law, have been'
iturned over to the National Associa
tion of Audubon societies, which has
'formed them into exhibits and dis
tributed them among CO different mu
seums throughout tlio country. About
$'20,000 worth of plumes. It Is said, nre
,to be found In these collections.
In splto of these gratifying contri
butions to science, the Audubon so
cieties, under tho leadership of their
president, T. Gilbert Pearson, have
mover ceased to agitato for a nioro ef
fective law. Their only fear has been
that It would come too late after the
last of tho "Manukdewata" (birds of
tho gods), as they aro called In East
'Indian islands, had fallen victim to
The birds nre found in Papua, New
Guinea and certain partH of Africa',
where they are easily slaughtered by
Smallest Wireless in the World
One of the greatest achievements
less receiving station made in tho space of three inches by a Mr. Sanders of
England. With this Instrument Sanders claims to have received messages from
a radlUB of 100 miles. With the nld of powerful glnsses ho was able to con
struct tho internals with 400 turns of wire spider colls.
the natives during tho mntlng season.
"Only tho full grown'inalo bird has
the gorgeous spread of feathers which
Is coveted by commerce," explains a
New York dealer, who Is something of
an authority on the subject. "Tills Is
at Its best during the courting season,
when they hold their annual dancing
exhibits for the bcncllt of the less
gorgeous liu"t highly prized females.
Male Bird Gorgeous.
"It Isn't necessary to kill tho birds
In order to get their fenthers, but it Ib
usually more convenient. Lately, since
they hnvc been growing so scarce,
they nre frequently trnpped nnd re
leased uftcr the feathers havo been
cut, so that a new spread can be
"Kxcept nt their dancing parties,
the birds of pamllse aro naturally
cautious and well able to protect them
selves. They hove but few natural
enemies, but their families nre small,
being limited usually to two offspring
n season, bo that they Increase but
slowly. This Is ull the more reason
why they should be protected from
The new tariff luw will provide this
protection, at least so far as this
country Is concerned. According to
Mr. Pearson, It will "end the 33-year
battle against the slaughter of wild
birds for millinery." A few feathers
will be smuggled In nnd peddled from
House to house, us aigrettes are at
present. Hut for practical purposes
the commerce In forbidden feathers
will be at an end.
HOME FOR AMERICAN OPERA
Women Plan Opera House for Chlca
go to Be Endowed by Dollar Sub
scriptions From Million Women.
Chlcogo. An opera house to be en
dowed by dollnr subscriptions from
one million American women, nnd In
which only opera In English and by
"It Don't Pay
to Be Crooked"
Life-time Criminal, Out of Large
Experience, So Tells Court
at His Trial
POSED AS "MAN OF MYSTERY"
Man Sent Up -for Life Has Only Been
Ou of Prison 33 Months In Last
25 Years Acts as Own At
torney In Omaha Court.
Omaha, Neb. With only thlrty-threo
months of freedom to his credit in the
lilts twenty-live years, and even those
months spent as u fugitive from jus
tice, Otto Cole, burglur, "con" mnn,
booze runner und murderer, has just
been sent to prison for tho balanco
of his life by an Omaha court. Colo
Is forty-two yearB old now. lie be
came a criminal at the age of seven
"Hut crookedness don't pay. It don't
pay," Cole told the Omaha court when
he was sent up for life.
Cole has seen the Inside of mnny
jails nnd penitentiaries. He has
sorved time In Minnesota, Maryland,
Ohio, Illinois and elsewhere, lie es
caped from the Baltimore City Jail,
from the .Toilet penitentiary and from
other prisons. He has been paroled,
In modern sclenco Is the wonderful wire
i, , -B t' tlBv ii T"-J22HV
Amorican composers shall be produced,
Is tbo Ideal of an organization of wom
en led by Mrs. Archibald Freer, Mrs.
Louis Ycnger and Mrs. Albert Ochs
er of this city. Associated with tho
organisation known as "Opera In Our
Own Langungo Foundation," and of
which Mrs. Freer Is tho clnilrmon, Is
tho "David Blsphnm Memorlul Fund.,"
of which Mrs. Kockefeller McCormlck
Is tho treasurer. In speaking of the
undertaking of the two organizations,
which hns the Indorsement of women's
clubs of the country us well as the
musical clubs of tho entire country,
Mrs. Freer said:
"American music depends upon the
American composer. Without our com
poser we must style ourselves a na
tion of music borrowers, not of mak
ers. However, our composer does ex
ist, but exists only, he does not live.
To enable him to live and write, to
publish and present his works, nnd to
open an American opera house, uro tho
things wo hope to accomplish."
The women who are furthering tho
project are well known In women's and
muslcnl club circles throughout the na
tion, and they have received so much
encouragement from nil sections of
tho country that they aro confident of
the success of their undertaking.
Giant Logger Consumes
48 Puffs in Two- Hours
Hoqulnm, Wash. Orln Welsh,
a giant logger, cume to town UiIb
week from the woods nnd ate,
at one sitting, during tiro courso
of two hours, 48 normal sized
Welsh had been in the logging
camp all winter, but his longing
for some sweets enticed him to
town. Friends hearing Ills crav
ing wagered he could not eat
three dozen cream puffs and tho
race started. Welsh domon
strated ills wonderful gustronom
Ical ability by eating one doz
en rapidly, the next dozen In 30
minutes, nnd In two hours be
tween cups of tea, the fourth
dozeu disappeared down his
pardoned and released on "good time.
In addition to serving out his sen
tences. Hut he never kept out of
trouble nnd no sooner was he released
from a prison than he immediately
went back into crime.
"Hut crookedness don't pay," he told
the court. "I ousht to know."
In Many Courts.
Cole hud appeared before so many
different courts that he has picked up
quite a smattering of legal terms and
methods. When arrested In Omaha, and
charged with the murder of Horry
Huhn, u pawnbroker, he refused tho
assistance of the public defender und
asked permission of tho court to con
duct his own defense. This was
granted and throughout the trial Colo
carried on his end of the case llko u
Colo posed us a "Man of Mystery"
until the Hertillon experts got on hla
trail. He was a man of "good fam
ily" gone temporarily wrong and was
shielding his family.
Ho was Just seventeen years of ago
when he broke Into the criminal lime
light In Columbus, O., where, under
the name of Ilichard Proctor, he was
sent to prison for three years for bur
glory. He served his time and was
released .lune 28. 1808.
fit took Cole Just eight days to get
In trouble again. On July 0, 189S, ho
was arrested In Haltlmore was
caught, red-handed, whllo committing
n burglary. A month Inter, before ho
could be tried, he escaped.
This time Cole stayed out of trouble
for two months. At least, ho was not
arrested again until October 8, 1898.
On thnt date, In Chicago, ho was sen
tenced to .Toilet prison for burglary.
In ton days he was In trouble again,
this time at Bed Wing, Minn., for
burglary. Ho was known ns "E. E.
English" In that trial. He served out
his time In the Minnesota stnto pris
on, nnd nt the expiration of his term
was taken bnck to Jollct, to servo tho
remainder of his sentence In the Illi
nois prison. From Jollet ho was pa
tolcd in January, 1010.
Couldn't Keep Straight.
But ho couldn't keep straight. In
n month or so ho was back In the
Jollet prison, whero he was sent from
Chicago on n robbery charge. He was
discharged In September, 1010. This
time he was using the name of "Edwin
English." But In October, 1017, ns "Ed
English" ho was sent back to Jollet
ns a "confidence man" from Chicago.
Ho escaped from Jollet In 1020.
Under tho nnme of "Ottn Cole" he
came to Omaha two months ago and,
according to numerous Identifications
at the police station, ho committed n
scries of hold-ups and robberies of
various kinds. Then, three weeks ago,
It Is charged, ho entered Harry Halm's
pawnshop, and whllo attempting to
rob tho place, shot and killed tho
proprietor. He was caught red-handed
after attempting to Bhoot olllcers who
Following his sentenco to llfo Im
prisonment, Cole nnnounccd he In
tended devoting himself whllo In
prison to tho study of mechanical en
gineering, In which he claims to al
ready be pretty well educated.
IN CONCISE FORM
State Occurrences of Importanco
Boilod to a Few Lines for
Craig will celebrate July 4th on nn
Tho district convention of Lion's
Clubs will be held In Omaha June 5.
Ak-Snr-Bon rnces at Omaha will
open June 3 and continue for two
Falrbury will begin at once the con
struction of a large amount of paving
The state convention of American
War Mothers will be held at North
Plat?, June 1st.
The S.tnte Press nssoelntloi will hold
Its unnunl mid-summer meet ut Omnl.a
the last of August.
The Home State Hnnk of Homer, has
been granted a charter. It will be
capitalized at $25,000.
Bloodhounds were sent from Beat
rice to trace the robbers of the F. D.
Bailey store at Gencvn.
According to local florists, Omnhn
bought and wore more than 00,000
carnations on Mother's duy.
State university seniors spent n day
hist week at a Crete park, as guests
of Chancellor and Mrs. Avery.
The Hpv. Father James Is president
of the Broken Bow Golf club, recently
organlard with forty members.
(Jernld Strow, four yenrs old, fell
from n foot bridge Into the river near
Scottshluffs, nnd wns drowned.
Mrs. Evn McClellnnd, of Beaver City,
was elected grand matron of the O. E.
S. nt Its recent session nt Omnhn.
Fifty-six students, the largest senior
class In history of the Central City
high school were graduated May 20.
A. B. Wood, editor of the Gering
Courier s'nee 1SS7, hns fllal as a re
publican candidate for state senator.
Chris Hesmus.sen, for nineteen years
a pressman on the Fremont Tribune
Is dead of appendicitis after an opera
tion. Ninety chapters, with more thnn 200
delegates, attended the stnto conven
tion of the P E. O. ut Falrbury last
More than $2,000 loss was caused
by lire which destroyed n barn Just
completed on the O. Grlesser farm,
Fire of undetermined origin In the
co-operative store at Broken Bow wns
extinguished before It had gained
Beatrice authorities are looking for
n smooth spectacle vendor who charged
a woman at that place $50 for a pair
of ten cent glosses.
Annual closing exercises will be
held at the lustltutlon for feeble mind
ed youths at Beatrice the week of May
29 to June 2, Inclusive.
The Secrlst Library building, costing
5111,000, which was bequeathed to the
city of Hebron by Lewis O. Secrlst,
has been opened to the public.
The coinmerclnl potato crop, as well
ns that of the farmers, In the enstern
part of the state Is reported to be
making an extra vigorous growth.
The Fillmore county fair will be
held September 111-15. Some good
racing will be seen from horses con
trolled by the Short Ship circuit.
Everett Isaacson, a student In Hie
engineering department of tho Btate
university, was drowned when his
canoe upset In the Blue river at Crete.
A loop system of water mains will
be extended around Fremont ns an ad
ditional aid to fire protection. The
work will cost several thousand dol
lars. Tho double funeral of Berlin Glenn
And his sou Frank was held at Hlldreth
following their deaths when the father
tried to rescue his son from a live
An attendance of 3,000 Is expected
nt the annual meeetlng of the Wnlther
league, an organization of the Luth-
eron Synod, which convenes In Omaha
(Dr. and Mrs. J. F. Krueger of Mid
land college and Mr. and Mrs. II. Doer
Ing of Fremont, hnvc gone to New
York whence they will sail for n tour
of Europe. They will witness the
passion play nt Oberammergau.
The flrs't rndlo club In the state un
der the direction of the extension ser
vice, College of Agriculture, has been
organized nt Wnhoo. Meetings will be
held weekly, the, first five weeks to be
spent on elcmentnry electricity after
which 'tho members wll' delve more
deeply Into the mysteries of rndlo.
State prohibition agents nre keeping
n close watch on sales of grocery
Btores in their pnftlculur sections. The
purchnse of sugar, yeast and bottle
caps, particularly will arouse suspicion
and cause investigation.
Ted Stephens, 20-year-old son of Mr.
nnd Mrs. O. D. Stephens of Arapahoe,
was Instantly killed when he cnught
hold of a 2,300 volt light wire In
working on n telephone company pole
nt that place.
Humboldt merchnnts held their first
"dollar dny" sale last week and tho
city was filled with patrons from over
One of the youngest feeders In tho
state nppeared at tlio Omnhn hog
mnrket last week In the person of Paul
Johnson, 8. Paul, accompnnled his
fnther to market with n car of hogs,
but after the actual tale had takon
place, ho Insisted that a big 220-pound-er,
his own properly, bo cut out from
tho load nnd weighed separately. He
carried the point.
A summary of tuberculosis work In
tho dnlry section of the stato depart
ment of agriculture shows that a total
of 20,720 tests were reported. Tho re
actors numbered 871 and tho Indemnity
I nnlrl wilH SIO 1R7.80.
A tourists' park Is b'lng lnid out lit
Tekamah, to be known ns "Court House
Square Park." Electric lights, wnto-,
cement walks, scats and benches will
College View Is "long" on dogs, nnd
will try to remedy the trouble by pass
ing an ordinance thnt the ownership
be limited to one for ench resident
At a meeting of the farmers In the
vicinity of Abdal It was decided to
build a new elevator at that place to
cost $10,000 and to have a caplclty of
The Nebraska Central college nt
Centrnl City, Is Installing n radio set
for the benefit of the students. It is
one of the few colleges In the stute
to Install radio.
Chicken thieves have raided almost
every hen house In tin Blair vicinity,
and no cIowb as to their Identity have
been found. Hundreds of chickens
hnvc been taken.
As a means of conserving the city
water supply the Beatrice city comni's
sinners have Issued an order prohibit
ing use of the water In sprinkling
lawns and gardens.
Schuyler and Colfax county business
men Imve taken over the Wells-Abbott-Nleman
Co. plant, purchasing It from
the Nebraska bnnks which took It ovor
at a receiver's sale.
Opal Harris, who graduates this year
from the Glltncr high school, received
u $10 bill from President Hnrdlng as
n graduation gift. Miss Harris Is a
cousin to the president.
Isaac Ellis, Lincoln groeerymnn, Is
dead, as a re-sult of injuries received
when the car he was driving over
turned on the Omnha-LIncoln rond
near the Ashland bridge.
The Farmers' Union crenmery nt
Superior, made approximately half a
million potmds of butter in the first
four months of this yenr, and showed
a net profit of $11,125.35.
Olo Duck, secretury of the Nebraska
Press association, haw opened up an
office at Lincoln, which Is to be tho
official headquarters of the association
thrtiout the political campaign.
School bonds In tho sum of $35,000
for the erection of n new school house
at Uehllng were bought by an Omnhn
Trust company. Work on the new
school house will begin at once.
Seeking fish In Wood Itlvcr near
Grand Island, three small b ya
"caught" five gallons (if whisky cached
In the bank. They called police, who
found two gallons more nnd now tne
hitter are searching for" the owner.
Bernlce Branson, 7, daughter of Dr.
and Mrs. C. B. Branson of Lincoln,
may lose her foot art tho result of n
pnnlc on a Capital Beach street car
when It caught fire, and she was
thrown to the ground.
The sixty-fifth annual communica
tion of the Grand Lodge of A. F., and
A. M. will be held In Omaha from
Tuesday, June 0, till Thursday, June
8. Conferring of pnst masters degrees
will he held on the proceeding Mon
day, June 0.
As a rsult of careful trials made dur
ing the pnst five yenrs, the state agri
cultural college recommends Hie tise of
good dry land grown seed potatoes thnt
are relatively free firom disease, In tho
Irrigated sections of the western part
of the state.
Over COO grade school pupils of tho
Fremont schools, under direction of
Prof. Heeso Solomon, presented tho
spectucular pageant, "America, yester
day and today" In ti.e city park at
that place, before an lmnien? e nnd well
The state expenditures for the ten
months from July 1, to dnte total
$0,708,020, of which $3,10-1,242 wns In
salaries and wages, according to a
summary of the yenr contained In tho
April report of Secretary of Flnnnco
Fines nnd court costs aggregating
$000 have been assessed against viol
ators of the fish laws In the last tlireo
weeks, Game Ward Kostter announces.
Fishing without Hcouso netted about
$400, while 15 fish tuken from a fish
trap cost three fishermen $100.
Variety store dealers representing
Iowa, Missouri, Kansas and Nebraska
met nt Nebraska City and perfected
an organization to be known ns United
Merchnnts Syndicate, an association
formed for the purpose of assembling
the combined buying power of Its mem
bers. The district convention of the Lion's
Club will be held in Omiilin June 5.
Student managership of athletics Is
to be a new Institution at the Stnto
University beginning next fall, candi
dates will qualify competitively. They
need not be athletes themselves, ami
they may earn an "N" at the end of
the Junior year. They will receive no
More than half of the corn crop was
planted during tho first two weeks of
May, and with n general abundance of
moisture the crop should sprout nicely,
although a shortage in the supply of
subsoil moisture is reported in soino
sections, nccordlng to the semi-monthly
crop report of the stato and federal
bureaus of crop estimates.
Tho board of managers of the stato
fair has met the popular demand for
lower prices nnd will go back to Jt3
old charge of 50 cents for general ad
mission nnd 50 cents for automobiles.
During the past two yearB the charge
has been 75 cents.
Caroline Heng, 14, n student at St.
Joseph parochial school at Paul has a
grade school average of t7, according
to records In the olllce of the county
superintendent, who declares there la
no other rural student In Otoe county
who hns attained marks of this char
acter during tho year
In order to quickly rnlso funds for
the reconstruction of buildings on the
Knox county fair grounds destroyed
by the tornado the Bloomfleld legion
post has called off the July 4 celebra
tion thero and will devote money to
have been spent for this affair to
building new pavilions.
CAN NOT ESCAPE
No Chance for Murderer Who
8cknce Has Made That Form of Kill
ing a Lost Art, Unlike the
Days of Old.
Ever since medlevnl times n silent
but none the less determined will' bus
been going on between the subtle nrt
of poisoning and the more subtle nrt
of discovering und locating poisons In
the human bod.v.
In the old days fortunes awaited
those who could prepare some concoc
tion that would remove people from
this world without leaving truces of
how 4t wns done. Poisoning, as un
derstood by n Catherine do Medici, was
a grand art. Today It Is 11 lost art,
for science has practically won the
long fight and Is now able to discover
and classify every known poison even
months after the victim has suc
cumbed to Its effects.
Within the last feneration almost
every kind of poison has come within
the scope of the ever-Increasing expe
rience of medico-legal experts who
have been called to give evidence In Im
portant cases from the hyoscynmlne
of the Crlppen ense to the arsenical
flypaper of the Seddon affair.
Arsenic, antimony, prusslc acid, car
bolic acid, oxullc ncld, mercury, bellu
dennn, opium, heroin, morphia, calabar
bean, croton seed, nitric ncld, pyrldlno
that most deadly poison found In mi
nute quantities In dirty tobacco pipes
all have been tracod, tabulated and
chained by the patient, emotionless de
So highly has the work of scientific
detection been developed that the pres
ence of arsenic may be discovered even
years after It has been taken. No more
delicate tests In chemistry, and at the
same time no more Infallible ones, can
be used than the tests for arsenic and
antimony. In the former poison the
tests nre so severe that one part In
sixty millions enn bo revenled.
It Is to the Borgia that one must
go to hear about the Incredibly subtle
poisons which could not be detected,
but the light of modern science proves
thnt much which Is credited to that
family's knowledge of the nrt of poi
soning wns really Impossible of ac
complishment unless we concede
which Is just possible that they knew
more about toxicology than do mod
There wns one particular poison
which the Borglas are credited with
using which hns remnlned n secret. It
wns tasteless, could kill the victim
quickly or leisurely, ns the poisoner
willed, nnd It left no trace discernible
to the chemists of that time.
The lists of nobles nnd dignitaries
of the church who died by this subtle
means is believed to be formidable. It
was used In two wnys, powder and
liquid, and Its method of manufacture
was related by in obscure scientist of
The powder form of the poison wns
white like Hour, with a taste like
sugar. It was called Contarclla. Its
composition wns never known, but the
liquid was prepared In the following
A wild boar was caught, and to It
was administered a strong dose of ur
senlc. As soon ns the poison began
to take effect the boar wns hung up
by the heels. Convulsions came on,
and a froth, which ran from Its Jaws,
was collected In a sliver dish and
then was transferred to a bottle which,
after some Contarclla was added, was
hermetically sealed. This was kept
for a certain time nnd the result was
the notorious poison.
Certain' It Is that no poison known
today Is secret. Chemistry nnd sclenco
enn provide the means of detection,
and can often supply the antidote.
Overseas Dally Mall.
Important to Know.
A fire had broken out In a factory
In the country, nnd a young village
constable was sent to make Inquiries.
After questioning the manager ho
asked to see tho man who was re
sponsible for the electric lights. Tlio
manager stated thnt the electric
switches were under his control.
Policeman Then you nre the man
who lights up the electric affair?
Manager That Is so.
Policeman (excitedly) Now, bo
enreful how you answer my next
question, Vos If It nln't satisfactory it
will be used against you ns evidence.
When you lighted the electric light
last night where did you throw tho
Priceless Painting in Old Chest.
An altar piece the center panel of
which Is alleged to have been painted
by Leonardo dn Vlncl and the sldo
panels by Mlclwlnngelo has been dis
covered In a chest at the Hungarian
castle of Papa, belonging to the Into
Count Maurice Esterhazy's estate.
Experts are divided as to the au
thenticity of the painting. If the pres
ent owner of the castle, Count Thomas
Estcrhazy, has his claims sustained
the altar piece will bo the only known
example of the combined work of
these two famous painters. It will bo
worth a fabulous nmount which ex
perts hesitate to name.
Vitamine8 as a Cure-All.
Possibly the present tendency to ex
tol vitamlnes us u cure-nil Is drawing
to Kb close. The United States pub
lic health 1 service reports that efforts
during tho year to discover the un
identified food substance whoso ab
sence from the diet causes pellagra
have excluded two of the three known
vitamlnes. The search for the missing
element Is being steadily narrowed.