The Red Cloud chief. (Red Cloud, Webster Co., Neb.) 1873-1923, May 25, 1922, Image 3
RED CLOUD, NEBRASKA, CHIEF l . - HAD TO STAY IN BED FOR WEEKS Child Training at Home f ,v 4 '---. -' Axi "! Vi ' J,5i,'t',,'vv""'-. 17A III I r I 1 IW71? By JESSIE DELL, (Historian. QuartermtBtor Corps. United Statnj Army.) kO TIIK quartermaster corps of tho United Status army lias fallen the reverent taslc of bringing home the soldier dead, returned for burial un der the stars and stripes. On March ao last, the army trans port Cambral reached New York with 1,224 lias-draped colling. Willi her arrival, the solemn duty of the quar termaster corps of returning the bod ies of those who fell In France, was practically completed. Thcte are left over sens now only 325 bodies to be brought bnclc to the United States, the last of the 44,418 of those Americans who will be burled In the homeland. About au.OOO more will sleep forever overseas, ac cording to the desires of their next of kin. At this time It Is llttlng to tell our people just how America hns been returning to the bosom of their native land the mortal remains of thousands of her sons who followed the flag Into that renlm where battle flags are furled And war drums throb no longer. This sacred duly, .under the direction of Major General II. L. Rogers, quartermnster general of the nrmy, Is performed by the graves registration service through the cemeterlnl division, and tho eflllccnr, sympathetic and reverent manner in which It Is done has been a source of satisfaction to every one. That one may visualize the work Involved Its methods nnd operations In preparing our sol dler dead for tho last Journey wo will endeavor to draw n picture which will show, step by step, how this has been accomplished. Early morning sun ilnds the field operating units ready for the day's work nnd with trucks con taining nil materials necessary tools, implements, enskets nnd shipping boxes they start on their way to tho sacred regions where He our soldier dead. Each unit has its corps of highly-specialized and technical men In mortuary affairs (em Imlmers, undertakers und technical assistants) to perform this service. The working squads or la borers nro composed chiefly of ex-service men. Gunrds and watchmen nttached to each unit are also discharged American soldiers, nnd during tho time that the bodies are under the Jurisdiction of operating units, this guard is constantly on duty over them. A commissioned officer filling n dunl capacity of commanding officer and Inspector Is in command of each unit. Once nt the graves, excavntlng Is commenced. When tho bodies nro reached, only oue Is al lowed to be lifted to the surface of tho ground nt n time, In order thnt no possible chance will bo tnken in confusing Identities. This Is a require ment rigidly adhered to. The outer wrapping of tho body Is removed and search Is mndo for Identl flcntlon tags and marks; when found they are se curely fastened to tho remains; the body Is then wrnpped In n new, clean blni.ket. Tho Identification disk and long narrow strip of aluminum, showing name, rank nnd organiza tion, tuken from tlio cross or star which marked the grave, Is pinned to tho blanket over tho chest of the dead. Tenderly lifting nnd placing the body in n metallic container Is the next step, using soft, lint cushions as padding to hold the body stendy; after this a soft, clean sheet Is cnrcftilly iuckcu in, iuruier insuring ngnmst the shifting of the body during transportation. After this the metallic container Is placed in Us sllk-llncd casket of chestnut wood or oak, nnd 'it, too, is securely fastened; across tho head of the lid is attnehed n nnrrow aluminum strip show ing the name, serial number, rank nnd organiza tion of the soldier, and the number of the grave and cemetery from which the body was taken. Tho casket Is then placed In tho shipping box, which has been secured by tho blocks of whlto wood or chestnut, covered with whlto plush to prevent mnrrlng or scratching tho casket. Name, rank and organization Is then stencllod on each end of the shipping ense. A tag giving the nnmo and address of tho consignee Is tacked to tho 'side, and tho whole box Is enveloped with our flag, which remains until the body Is placed on tho transport for sailing. Tho sun sinking low in tho West sees all bodies which have been exhumed entirely prepared for snipment, for this Is nnother requirement which Is rigidly udhercd to. The bodies are then placed i In local storage under constant guard of American watchmen. And thus the day's work Is done. All evacuations being completed within thnt section, the bodies are then removed from the local storage, and accompanied by convoys nnd guards, are taken by rail or river barges, as con ditions allow, to the concentration point for that particular section. Port officers maintain nt nil times a close liaison with the field operating unit In order to obviate misunderstandings, to provent delays, and to per mit satisfactory and definite plnns being made In sufficient time for sailing. These concentration points ure under the personnl nnd constnnt super vision of commissioned oineers and watchmen who are honorably discharged American soldiers. Tho ports chosen ns shipping bases are : Brest, St. Nazalre, Bordeaux, Toulon, Cherbourg, Calais, France; and Antwerp, Belgium, through which, during Inst year, 20,018 bodios were returned to America. Cherbourg has hnd the greatest number to handle, ns evacuation of bodies for return from areas of Itomogne, Thlncourt and Bellcnu all passed through this port, to tho number of 25,000. Finally the news comes from one of tho six porti that the trnnsport Is ready for Its precious cargo. Officers, convoys and gunrds then plnce tho dead on speclnl French trnlns or barges which have been draped with Amerlcnn flags. Depart ure Is taken nmld lnrge gatherings of tho popula tion of the town and n guard of honor, comprising two or more companies of French soldiers who come to pay homngo to our dead. Quickly tho news spreads that "les Amcrlcalns arc taking their dead heroes home, and all along tho line of tho Journey many nro wnltlng. Priests ure there, and these men of God gently nnd loving ly chunt the prayers for tho dead, while children with arms full of flowers are wnltlng to place them in the care of tho guards or drop them on tho bnrges as they slowly pass by. Every honor is shown both by civil nnd military France; nnd so tho Journey becomes a triumphal procession of America's heroic (lend. Tho port Is reached, and there on Its great "Pier of the Dead" the bodies are gently laid sldo by side, under tho watchful care of the military "Guard of Honor" comprising a company of men detailed from the American forces In Germnny. Beforo it goes on the trnnsport, each shipping case containing a body Is carefully gone over to ascertain If It Is In perfect condition for ocean transportation. The tag showing tho nnmo and address of tho consignee, which lias been tncked to the side of tho box, is then removed, and nnmo nnd address stencilled on the sldo Instead. The port officers, who are commissioned officers of our nrmy, nro present when this stencilling Is done, tho qunrter master general holding them personally respon sible for all discrepancies nnd Inaccuracies. Ev erything finished to the satisfaction of these offi cers, the bodies nro finally placed on tho trnnsport, tho warning bell Is sounded and the transport slowly moves nwny. Tho military attachments stand nt "Attention" while their bugles saluto tho dead. All flags and ensigns of shipping, or thoso on vessels of the various navies of tho world, which may bo repre sented In tho hnrbor, nre lowered as our funeral ship solemnly passes out, nnd then begins tho long, last voyage of our soldier dead. Simultaneously with the sailing of tho transport, a cable message bearing the nnmes of the dead returning speeds on Its way to Wnshlngton nnd is received by the chief of tho cemeterlnl division, who Immediately takes steps to provide thnt every care and attention shall be attendnnt upon tho ar rival of tho sacred cargo nt the homo port. Let us leave for awhile our dend as they cross tho great Atlantic and let us get a glimpse of the fields of honor In whose beautiful, broad, whlto acres will repose for nil time thoso whose nearest of kin deslro that they shall stay sleeping in France. Tho quartermaster corps has spnred no effort In mnklng lovely and lnstlng monuments to the boys who mndo tho supreme sacrifice. Grounds, graceful and majestic, were chosen and arranged with a simple dignity thnt seems to bo eminently fitting for tho resting places of tho dead. At tho present time, only five cemeteries In Franco nnd Belgium have official approval nnd Bnnctlon for their permanency, but the ndvlsnblllty of Increasing tho number of nntlonnl cemeteries nbrond Is receiving fnvorablo consideration; It Is recently that Thlncourt has been added to the number. In this cemetery lie so many of tho meu 700D-j9r- of tho nlr service whose dnrlng and brilliancy will ornament many pages of the World's war history. Already extensive plans nro on foot to make our cemeteries over there great national memorials ; nnd to Insure the success of tho under taking, plans for beautifying and ornamenting have been placed in the hands of n special commission appointed by the secretary of war. It Is headed by tho chief of the ccmetcrlal division ; other members nre : Charles Moore, sec retary of tho National FIno Arts commission; James L. Greenlenf, New York lnndscnpo artist; nnd William Mitchell Kendall, the well-known nr tlst of New York. Their Ideas when cnrrlcd out will innko tho "American Fields of Honor" the most Impressive war cemeteries In tho world. And every one will be nn outpost of America In Franco or Belgium, for wherever lies the grnvo of an Amerlcnn soldier, lies, too, n spot that Is forever America. Itomagne, which Is our Argonne cemetery, orlg lnally held In Its bosom 23,000 of our men who fell In the Mueso-Argonne offensive, America's greatest bnttlc. There every State of the Union, as well ns the territories of Hawaii, Porto Klco, and the Philippine Islnnds, had representation. No spot In France Is more historically famous than this, the Argonne sector, where lies our larg est field of honor. Here France's greatest battles have !epn fought, but none so great us that of 1018, when Amcrlcn nnd France ngaln fought sldo by side, ns In tho days of Wnshlngton nnd Lafayette, nnd again for the principles of freedom nnd liberty. So, Ito-mngnc-Argonne, our beautiful and largest ceme tery, stnntls ns a monument to America's shnro In tho world's greatest struggle. Belleau, whoso name memory lovingly links with the heroism nnd sacrifice of our men of tho Sec ond division, lies In n green, fertile vnlley, dense ly wooded, with loved nnd shattered Chatonu Thierry near Its portals. This cemetery Is nnd nlwnys will be of tho grentest natlonnl pride and glory to the United Stntes, for It was at Chntenu Thierry that the American soldiers cried, "They shall not pass I" and, like n barrier across their path, halted the Huns on their way to Paris. Suresnes cemetery, liMhe winding vnlley of tho Seine nnd surrounded by n scml-clrcle of hills, Is like n white gem in nn exquisite setting of emerald. Old Fort Vnlerlen, whoso massive grny walls crown ono of tho hilltops, stnnds like n grim sen tinel guarding our dead. Lying oft In tho dis tance can be seen ono of tho world's grentest cities Paris whoso beautiful Washington boule vnrd, curving in graceful lines, connects It with our cemetery. Flanders Fields, familiarly known by Its old nnmo of Bony, Is tho spot made historically famous to Americii by tho Twenty-seventh nnd Thirtieth divisions, whose united effort ns the. Second corps, furnish ono of history's most brilliant pnges. Boys of tho North and South, sons of tho men who wore the Blue and the Gray who can say that, In spirit, tho great commnndeis of thnt long past war wero not near to guide their boys, as they advanced to meet a common enemy, oii the battle ground of Flanders Fields. In smashing tho Hlndenhurg line, ninny of the division's bravest sons were left to sleep In the field they had so gallantly defended "In Flanders Fields where popples blow" tho deep, rich crim son of thoso popples; how thoy cover every hill side und dell I Growing thickly nmong them nro tho white lilies of tho valley nnd the beautiful blue cornflowers. And "Old Glory," floating high and wide, finds Its colors reflected In these flow ers below. So peaceful and restful I It seems such n llttlo while ago that the boom of cannon nnd the sercnm of shell had sent fleeing from their native haunts the sky larks now returning whoso llttlo thronta all through the day pour forth floods of melody u requiem over tho dead, a psalm of thanksgiving to the Great Creator for bringing aguln to their home peace und quiet. HABIT FORMATION By OLIVE ROBERTS University of Montana. MOTHKltS aro often heard to Bny, "My children have such untidy linblts, and I don't seem to be able to break them. I talk all day long, but It doesn't do any good." No mother need to endure her chil dren's untidy habits, or any other un desirable habits, If she goes about training In the right way, and Is will ing to take a little trouble to carry It oiir. Four simple rules based on psy chology, may servo to give such mothers an Insight Into the menus of forming right habits. If carried out faithfully, these rules cannot fall to produce results. First decide for yourself what habit you wish to form. Then start enthusi astically and determinedly to break the old ami launch the new one. Say to your children, "Beginning today, wo are all going to hang up our wraps, and put our books and rubbers In tho proper places when wo coniu homo lrom school. Let's see who remembers every time, und doesn't have to have mother tell her once V)out It." Arouse as much enthusiasm as you can about the matter. Be careful that you do not start to break and form anew too many habits at one time. Select one or two habits to work out, and keep at them until you are reasonably suro that they aro well fixed. Then start on another. May Be Hard Task. Second, permit no exceptions to oc cur after you have onco started. No matter how good the Intentions of tho children are, they will lapse Into thu old ways after a few days. That Is when you will have to work. You will find that eternal vigilance on your part will be tho price of your children's THE KINDERGARTEN A NE CESSITY; NOT A LUXURY P. P. Clnxton, federal com missioner of education, has said that during tho year 1020, the American people spent more for luxuries than they have spent on education In the entire his tory of the country. This nation, with Its vast re sources can well afford to pro vide all of Its children with ev ery educational advantage, be ginning with the klndcrgnrten, and when wo come to recognlzo In provident waves of crime, nnnrchy and unrest, the tragic results of neglecting tho Impres sionable years of childhood, the kindergarten will be considered n necessity, not n luxury. good habits. When Mary comes homo in n hurry to go out to play, sho will throw her books on tho nearest chair. Don't say, "Oh, well, she Is little, nnd it is hard to remember nil tho time. I'll let It go this time." That Is whero you will full. Even though Mary has already gone nway to play, sho should bo called back Immediately nnd told In n kind manner, "You forgot your books today. Put them nway, und then you mny go to play." Oue or two experiences of thnt kind will 'soon make Mary more careful. Third, repeat the desirable action ns often us possible. We all know thnt the habit Is most firmly fixed which we have been practicing longest. Selzo every occasion to perform tho net which you wish to become a habit, and its acquisition will como all the sooner. Do Not Depend on Talking. Last of all, act, don't talk. Profes sor James says, in his Talks to Teach ers: "Don't preach too much or abound In good tulk in tho abstract." When Mary throws her coat on tho floor and her rubbers In tho middle of tho hall, don't tell her that nice llttlo girls don't do thoso thlugs, or that sho is u careless girl and should know better, nnd a great deal more to that effect. Simply call her as soon as you discover what she has done, nnd tell her quietly and good-nnturcdly to put her things away Immediately, nnd then see that sho does it. Such treat: ment as this Is far more effectlvo than mere talking. GETTING 8TARTED RIGHT, IS ADVICE OF HENRY C. WALLACE. . Every fnrmer knows that suc cess in producing fine stock de pends upon getting the young nnlmnls started right. 'Hie number of drafted men rejected for physical disability during the war shows that we need to pay more attention to building up our children phys ically. Tho kindergarten, with its admirable system of physi cal culture, nnd its sunny, airy rooms, where the children spend tlireo happy hours each school day, furnishes the best posslblo environment, nnd physical as well as intellectual nnd social training. It Is too hnd that kindergar tens nro not available for a far larger percentage of our chil dren. Early training such ns Is given in tho kindergarten should make healthier children, and better children In ovory wnj. Henry O. Wallace, Secretary of Agriculture, Wushlngton, D. 0. Omahn Cltlzer. Says He Is Now Rid of Troubles That Had Kept Him Mlserablo for Years. "I was almost out of commission when I began taking Tanlne, but It Inn made 1110 feel like a new man In n short time," said W. S. Meadvllle, 7(501 North Twenty-ninth St., Omahn, Neb. "My liver und kidneys wero out of order and I had terrible pains In my back and sides and wus so hnd olT I often had to stay In bed for two weeks at 11 time. "The results I got from Tanlne wero n very glad surprise to me. It bene, llted mo In every way and I bcllevo tho Improvement I received will provo lasting and I feel stronger and better than In nmny a day." Tanlne Is sold by nil good druggists. An old until with a good steady In come expresses his opinions prettj freely. FREEDOM FROM LAXATIVES Discovery by Scientists Has Replaced Them. An Inestimable amount of Injury, nc .'ordlng to an eminent medical author ity, Is done by the use of pills nnd salts, as most of these provide only temporary relief nt the expense of per manent Injury. Science has found n newer, better way; a means ns simple us Nature It self. In perfect health, a natural lubricant keeps the food wuste soft. Thus It Is easily eliminated, hut when constlpn tlon exists, this nnturnl lubricant lr not sulficlent. To find something to take tho plncj of this lfnturul lubricant, medical au thorities have conducted exhaustive n search. They have- discovered that thd gentle, lubricating nctlon of N11J0I most closely resembles thnt of Nature's own lubricant. As Nujol Is not 11 laxntlve, it cannot gripe. It Is not n medicine la nny sense of tho word, and, like puro water, It Is harmless. Got a bottle from your druggist. Advertisement. Bad luck Is eluded so often that a rabbit's foot seems to havo real potency. A Feeling of Security You naturally feci secure when you know that the medicino you are about to take is absolutely puro and contains no harmful or habit producing drugs. Such a medicino is Dr. Kilmer's Swamp Root, kidney, liver and bladder remedy. Tho same standard of purity, strength and excellence is maintained in every bottle of Swamp-Root. It is scientifically compounded from vegetable herbs. It is not a stimulant and is taken ia tenppoonful doses. It is not recommended for everything. It is nature's great helper in relieving nnd overcoming kidney, lircr and blad der troubles. A sworn statement of purity is with every bottle of Dr. Kilmer's Swamp Root. If you need a medicine, you should have the best. On sale at all drug stores in bottles of two sizes, medium and large. However, if you wish first to try this preat preparation send ten cents to Dr. Kilmer &. Co., Ringhamton, N. Y for a sample bottle When writing be sure and mention this paper. Advertisement. Cheap cynicism Is ulwnyB cynl', about the wrong people. Baby's little dresses will Just slmpl dazzle If Red Cross Ball Blue Is used In the laundry. Try It and see for your self. At all good grocers. Advertise ment. No Innocent bystander ever had misgivings. -' -t You'll Get A Year's Wear- wkeHyosqr ExcellO -, aueeiaitti -. SllcurunrDN 1 No rubber to rot. Itwaphor , urunia Dpnnga ffV me , atreteh. AekYourDMlar fn. kI.-UJ. C. . V " hu-h-j nuiinnucrii' L Garter Mnd linen Hnnnnr- Irhe hain't them.iendairect.i irnenain'tthem.ieiuldlrect.f , J! k nmnar dealer e name. Even I: ri Lpali-iraarantMd. IS ( 0 Nu-WaytrehSuapndrYfi u Nebraska Chiropractic College Drt. Crabtree & Crabtree Chiropractic Specialists In nervous, chronic and female diseases in charge. Write or call for literature. 1505 O St. Lincoln, Neb. KODAKS Developing, Printing r and Enlarging Lincoln Photo Supply Co. (Kastman Kodak Co.) Dept. K, 1217 O St. Lincoln, Neb. color your talr caell7, quickly sod eafelT bj iialnir O-Uao Ua-lr Color He- YOU CAN torer. Safe to oe a water. Makes jou look young a it ..,.. .I..,l.i. TK axilla m llpjt from UKUSIO ELLIS. CKeiolili, MemuUta, Tav, , I'Ht- ii Itaw lllilo Clii'i.1 on Hie ltumiltif; Hoard vt imr HUtumaMle. AuenU wanted. U. H. OILUU11T, Taxidermy & X'urs, Lander, Wyo.