The Red Cloud chief. (Red Cloud, Webster Co., Neb.) 1873-1923, May 25, 1922, Image 2

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Religion Soul
of Indian Life
Every Proposed All-India Move
ment Has Broken on Rock of
Religious Antagonism.
Tanoled Threads of Numerous Re-
llglono Are Entwined With Every
Fiber of India's Life Templo
Grounds Public Forum.
Washington. "India and lior prob
loiim and movements cannot bo under
stood unless something Is known of
the tangled threads of numerous re
Unions that are entwined with every
liber of her life," says a bulletin Is
sued from the Wellington headquar
ters of the National Olographic so
ciety. "Religious antagonism has here
tofore been the rock upon which every
proposed nil-India movement has
broken up," continues the bulletin, "al
though the recently Imprisoned lender,
tiaudhl, has been able, In a measure,
to enlist followers from somo of the
most divergent of India's 'Jarring
"Religion Is the soul of Indian life,
the splec In an otherwise unendurable
existence. To the Hindu, Mohamme
dan or Sikh, religion is by no means
nominal but Is an actual force n
everyday affairs. Religious festivals
mark tho changes of the year. The
temple grounds are tho meeting plnces
of tho people and the forums of pub
lic opinion.
''Asceticism Is both subjectively and
! objectively attractive and holy men
fbound from the Himalayas, beloved
y Klin's guru, to the tropical sea be
uldo which Dravldlan temples raise
their gopurams and Christian churches
how their spires.
"Prnlllllkl t iwtu!itn to nnllrvtrm iima1
kith more profitable results by charla
. twiMiuij umii m; 1.1 t' llllll tOUli
tans and Impostors than In India. So
great a virtue Is charity that the very
mountebank is considered a public
benefactor. The Moslem mendicant
often lends real dignity to tho dlgnl
lied word 'fakir.' Rut many 'holy
men' are more faker than fakir.
Religion a Coat of Many Colors.
"Nowhere else have men, through
religion, so detached themselves from
tho passions and frivolities of worldly
life. Nowhere has religion so seasoned
unmitigated tnibery. Nowhere has re
ligion been the cloak for more blatant
beggary and disgusting deception. No
where Is religion u more potent po
litical factor.
"More than two-thirds of the peo
ple of India are Hindus. Modern Hin
duism grew out of Rrahmauism, and
Is still called by that nnme. The
enrller belief was In one omnipotent
but Impersonal Relug, whoso personal
manifestations wero Rrahma, tho cre
ator; Vishnu, the preserver; and Siva,
the destroyer and reproducer. Rrnhma
has few followers. Vishnu Is wor
shiped by millions, upon whose fore
heads Is painted a de,vlco called the
nainnm consisting of a vertical red
lino Inside a U-shaped tlguro In white
clay. Rut the favorite god of many
Hindus Is Siva.
"When Ruddha pained followers In
India, the Rrahmlus accepted Ruddha
as the ninth Incarnation of Vishnu and
by this compromise they so emascu
lated the gentle faith of the Ruddhlsts
that they drove Ruddhlsm Into Ceylon,
Rurma and the Far East, so that the
religion of the Hindu Modified by the
teachings of Ruddhn, pervades India
from Renares to Conjeeveram and
from Kutiihnkcfliiiii to Allahabad.
"When 'he various Mohammedan
conquerors poured In over tho north
ern passes they brought their religion
with .hern, so that India has more
Mohammedans than Turkey ever ruled
and the assemblage of 'the faithful' In
the great mosiue of Delhi forms ono
of the larueut congregations of tho
In French Colonial Exposition
ii A tJfi
ft h iD
A view of the recently completed French West African building and the
Indo-Chinese temple, part of tho French Colonial exposition soon to opeu Its
doors In Marseilles.
followers of Mohammed to bo found
Sikhs an Offshoot.
"Tho Sikhs broke away from the
orthodox Hindu faith under the lead
ership of Nanak, who wiib born In the
Punjab, near Amrltsar, the capital
city of the Sikhs, in MOD. Sikh means
disciple and theso schismatics once
worshiped their gurus, or teachers, but
Inter transferred their devotion to the
Qranth, or holy book, which proclaims
their faith and principles. Tho Sikhs
abolished caste, that curse and bless
ing of Hindu society, and their mili
tant nrdor has given them n standing
out of all proportion to their mem
bership of 3,000,000.
"India has nearly 4,000,000 Chris
tians, mostly found In Madras prcsl
dency and on the Travancore coast.
"From Peshawar to Capo Comorln,
India contains many Anlmlsts among
the hill tribes and nborlglnnl races
and even the Ruddhlsts of Rurma hold
to Borne Animistic beliefs, whose Influ
ence Is felt throughout tho land.
"Two of the most Interesting but
numerically unimportant religious
groups are the Jains and the Parsls.
Tlio Jains form a monastic group
rather than n religion, agree with tho
Hindus In many principles, ascribe a
soul to every animal however small
nnd seek to secure relenso from tho
bonds of transmigration. According
to their belief, only the monks can at
tain Nirvana. Their homes for de
crepit animals ore world famous.
"The Parsls are descendants of tho
lire worshipers who were expelled
from the region of Raku on tho Cas
pian sea by the Mohammedan con
quests. These peoplo dominate the
business life of Rombay.
Probe Secrets of
Ocean Depths
Explorers May Find New Field
of Endeavor in the Un
known Sea Bottom.
Instrument Will Measure Depths of
Water by Sound Waves Instead
of Tedious Process of Low
ering Sounding Lines.
Washington. Explorers and geog
raphers who have been sighing for
ifcw lands to conquer may find their
best Held of endeavor, paradoxically,
In the sea. Now that tho United
States navy has perfected it device for
measuring the depths of water by
sound waves without going through
the tedious process of lowering sound
ing lines It should be possible to
add greatly to the relatively little
wo know about tho under-water por
tion of tho earth. Tho Importance
of this little explored region Is brought
out In the following bulletin Issued
from the Washington headquarters
of the National Geographic society:
"When It Is realized that nearly
three-fourths of the surface of tho
globe consists of water It Is rather
remarkable how little we know of the
vast surface of the solid sphere which
lies under this screen of liquid. The
greater portions of our continents are
mapped even to the smallest details,
and our harbors and the shallow wa
ters closely oft' shore are fairly well
charted; but once the edges of the
continual shelves are passed tho
features of the sea bottom are rep
resented only by u few somewhat
t'te&.W Aj&xrtd
The "wild man," who claims he is
Roy IIccox, was arrested by the Rucks
county (Pennsylvania) authorities as
n suspect for tho murder of n constn
bio committed 22 years ago. The mnn
says he Is a member of tho church
that Is opposed to shaving, hence tho
long beard. He seems to be a man
of education, while the mountaineer
accused of the crime more than a
score of years ago could only speak
broken English, and was quite- with
out education.
Asleep, Dies In Flooded Creek.
Clinton, Iowa. Rert Root, an aged
resident, drowned here In a small
creek, Its waters swollen by the back
water from the Mississippi river. It Is
believed that he walked Into the creel
while sleep-walking.
vague contour lines laid down be
tween rather Infrequent points of
Not Sure of Greatest Depth.
"We know without doubt that tho
highest point on the earth la the peak
of Mount Everest which extends above
sea level for 21),O0U feet or 88 feet
less than 0 miles. On the other
hand wo can only spenk of tho deep
est abyss 'yet discovered, for one
great pit, hidden In the depths of tho
ocean, has scarcely established its
title to first place In recent years
when It has been surpassed by a
deeper ono; nnd It can hnrdly bo be
lieved that the deepest of all has yet
been discovered.
"School children were taught n few
yenrs ago that tho deepest depression
In the earth's surfnee was nenr the
FIJI islands nnd that It was 80,133
feet deep. Since then 'the deepest
hole on earth' has been successively
Kermndec deep, northeast of New
Zealand, 30,030 feet; Nero deep,
southeast of Guam, 31,010 feet; and
the present holder of tho record, Phil
ippine deep, east of the Philippine
Islands, .T,0S0 feet. This greatest
known depth therefore lies six miles
nnd 409 feet below tho surface of tho
"The greatest range vertically of
the earth's surface Is between tho
bottom of Philippine deep and tho
top of Mount Everest, n distance of
approximately 11.0 miles. This seems
a tremendous distance until It Is com
pared with tho diameter of the eartli
which, near the latitudes of theso
great physical features, Is apjwoxi
mntely 8,000 miles. On a globe with
a diameter of eight Inches, Instead of
8,000 miles, this maximum range of
depressions and heights would be rep
resented by n scratch little more than
a hundredth of an Inch deep. Tho
smallest division on n household ruler
Is one-sixteenth of an Inch. Tho
scratch would ho less thnn a fifth of
such a division In depth. On a bil
liard ball one could hnrdly scratch
lightly enough with n pin to represent
the grent Philippine deep, and a few
grains of talcum powder would stand
for Mount Everest. The smoothest
orange that grows hns much greater
Irregularities on Its skin 'in propor
tion to Its size than those given to
tho earth by Its peaks and valleys.
Subordinate to Oceans.
"Ono who studies tho earth comes
to realize that, In n sense, the con
tinents are subordinate to tho great
ocean basins. Tho totnl volumo of
theso depressions below sea level la
many times greater than the volumo
of tho lnnd thnt rises above tho sea.
If tho entire land surfneo wero lev
eled down an ocean nearly two miles
deep would sweep over every square
foot of tho surface of tlio globe. Tho
condition of tho continents might at
lli;st glance bo considered precarious,
but dry land hns formed a consider
ahlo part of tho surface of tho earth
for millions of years and will prob
ably romnln for a long time to como.
It has been estimated that less thnn
four cubic miles of solid material is
carried Into tho sen by water nnnunl
ly. At this rate, leaving out of con
sideration upheavals and subsidences
duo to tho earthquakes and other
causes, It would require more thnn
0,000,000 years for all tho present
land to be washed Into tho sea."
State Occurrences of Importance
Boiled to a Few Lines for
Quick Perusal.
Work hns begun on the Dlx city
tvater system.
Craig will celebrate July -Ith on an
elaborate scale.
Nearly .'too persons were converged
at the revival Just closed at Falrhury.
A lire or unknown origin destroyed
the farmers Union elevator at Elk
Mrs. Nancy Onrloch Is dead at
Rladen, at the age of 100 years and
three months.
Arrangements have been completed
for a chautauqua In Wymoro July 30
to August 3.
Falrhury will begin at once tho con
strue! Ion of n large amount of paving
and sewerage.
Properly damage from (he wind
storm In the Lexington Uelnlty will
reach above $100,000.
Perry L. Shields has been appointed
postmaster at Walton, to replace E. It.
I.lndorinnn, resigned.
Randolph has Installed a new
electric lire siren to displace the old
and lunijcquale tire hell.
Pressley Glenn, a Hebron boy, was
seriously Injured when be dived from
a high bank Into t he river.
Mrs. Eva McClelland, of Reaver City,
was elected grand matron of the O. E.
S. at Its recent session at Omaha.
Arrangements have been completed
by the Fremont Commercial club for n
series of concerts during t:n summer
A new school building, to cost .$70.
000, Is being erected at Ohlowa. Tnr
latest equipment will be installed.
The North Platte graduation class
year consists of ferty-nlno students,
the largest In the local school's history.
Holdrege has won the undisputed
baseball championship of southwestern
Nebraska by defeating Orleans high,
1". to 0.
The small son or Mr. and Mr. E. A.
I'Irnle of Wolert was badly hurt when
he was accidentally knocked down and
run oor by a truck.
About !)() acres of pasture land was
burned over In the Ansley neighbor
hood, the result or a picnic camp lire
getting beyond control.
The (5-year-old son or Mr. and Mr.
Iloofllng, of Wymote, while phiylim.
roll and broke his right arm and (Its
located it at the elbow.
.Miss Amy Stevens, superintendent or
the state home for dependent children,
at Lincoln, bus tendered her resigna
tion to the state board of control.
Plans 'have been perfected for the
new Country club building at Aurora,
and the contract will be let soon. The
new grounds lie Just east of the city.
A shortage of qualified teachers ox
Ists In all departments In Nebraska,
according to E. II. Ilosiain, secretary
of the Nebraska Teachers.' association.
Edwin Walter, said to be the first
male white child born In Otoe county,
Is dead at his home at McCook. He
had spent his entire life In NebrasKa.
The school district or Tllden In Mad
ison and Antelope counties voted bonds
or $0,000 to erect a fchool house.
There were 278 votes for nnd IP. I
against. t
Permits for biiild'ng In Grand Island,
numbering thirty-one and nggrogatlni:
an estimated volume of $82,130, were Is
sued by the city clerk during the monh
of April.
The superintendent or public schools
at Fremont has Issued an order for
bidding girl students over twelve years
old from rolling their stockings and
having their knees exposed.
The little four year old daughter of
Homer Horn was burned to death In
a lire which destroyed a barn on the
Horn farm, four miles from Fullcrton.
A younger child escaped.
An unoccupied brick house at Ne
braska City owned by Calvin Chapman
was badly damaged by lire. Evidence
of Incendiarism, tlretnen snld, was
found In nearly every room.
The records In the otllce of the coun
ty treasurer or Jefferson county show
that SS0.000 was collected In the first
ten days of May. This is an Increase
over the same ten days in 1021.
Fire Chief Whiteside r Ren trice
sustained a broken rib and severe
bruises when he fell thru a (loot- while
lighting u lire that partially destroyed
the home of Mrs. Anna l.eiiz.
Mrs. Jean Whitney or Norfolk,
daughter of the late Isaac Powers, once
attorney general of Nebraska and it
member or the constitutional conven
tion or 1870, will file as a republican
candidate for state representative trnm
the Norfolk district.
The seventh annual spelling contest
of the Richardson county schools was
held at Falls City with an attendances
of over seven hundred. One hundred
llfly contestants were present from
over the county.
Fruit prospects In Washington coun
ty are the most promising In years, ac
cording to orchnrdlsf.
Pavement of the Lincoln hlghwoy
from the Douglas county line to Fre
mont this summer Is a probability.
Efforts are being made at present to
"put across" the project.
Omaha Is to have a new .$100,000
hospital for Its colored population.
Articles of incorporation have ben
filed for the association which has un
dertaken the erection.
The past year was the heaviest la
the history of the State Children's
Home society, the organization Hav
ing given care, aid and attention to
1,010 children x during that period, as
against 701 last year.
Corn Is up In many fields In Dodge
county. Conditions have been Ideal
for spring growing.
Rev. K. M. Johnson of R'thany, for
several years traveling evangelist fcr
the Christian church, has accepted a
pastorate at Fremont.
Reatrlce will construct n tourist
camp at Chautauqua park In thnt placo
that It Is claimed will equal any sim
ilar grounds In the state.
Ronds for .$.'0,000 to continue paving
at North Platte carried at special
election 3 o , and several more of the
residence streets will now be paved.
Falls City will observe Memorial
day by dedicating one or the parks to
tho memory or the local boyr who paid
the supreme sacrifice during the war.
Vera I, 8 year old, son or Mr. ami
Mrs. Lloyd Thomas of Chester, Is dead
as the result of a wound from a 32
caliber revolver, received while romp
ing with some playmates.
According to announcement from
state headquarters, the American
legion has requested the privilege of
caring for the graves of both enured
ernto and union soldiers, beginning
Willi the coming Memorial day.
Mistakes In Identity made by ban-dlt-vlctlms
and police resulted In the
slaying or Patrick J. Lavelle, pioneer
resident and candidate for sheriff, and
shooting of Police Olllcer George Stev
ens during a running gun battle at Om
aha. The Cooper Mill and Light company
at Humboldt was completely destroy eil
when fire broke out In the coal inn.
The loss, It Is estimated, will exceed
.$.r0,000. The blaze Is believed to bav0
been caused by spontaneous combus
tion. A consignment of tr, bead of Here
ford cattle was taken to the South
Omaha market by Ira S. Rice of Con
cord, who received the top price of tho
lay, S.."0 a hundred, for cattle of their
weight, which was an average of l,:'4l
Representative farmers from all
parts of the stale, under the direction
of the Nebraska farm bureau federa
tion, have organized a wool pool to
be immediately put Into" effect to
handle the 1022 wool crop produced
In this state.
Lester Smith of York. Neb., won tho
state high school oratorical contest
a! Seotts- P. luffs, with the oration,
"Spartacus to the Gladiators." Don
Campbell or Stanford won second
place, his oration being "Regains to
the Romans."
The farmers' national grain dealers
association, In convention at Oinatia,
refused to accept the sales plan of tho
U. S. grain growers, Inc., but author
ized their executive hoard to continue
conferences on the subject with tlio
grain growers.
The diamond Jubilee celebration of
the German Lutherans of Johnson and
adjoining counties, held In Tecuinseh
last week, was largely attended. Tt
was a celebration of the establishment
of the Missouri synod. Many churclus
were represented.
The termination of fifty years .
service by Mrs. Martha Mi'lbnurn .old
est living resident of the Elm Creek
community, was celebrated at thu
Methodist church with a banquet fol
lowed by a reception in the auditor
ium of the church.
Injuries of Raymond Conner, world
war veteran, who fell from a telephono
pole at Reatrlce some mouths ago,
resulted In paralyzing him from tho
waist down. He will be crippled for
life, according to a professional opinion
of one of the attaches or a hospital at
Rochester, Minn.
II. C. McKenzle or New York, tac
expert or the America Farm Rureau
federation, has agreed to come to tlio
state during the summer to make a
study of tax matters, according to an
nouncement made by the Nebraska
Farm Rureau federation.
Kearney has started a war to ex
terminate rats. The chamber r com
merce has put a premium or ten cents
on every rat tall brought In and as a
side line live mice are fixed as the
equal or one rat. Special prizes are
also awarded for the record catches
during the drive.
As a precaution against a fuel ram
Ine Nebraska public utility companies
have laid In more than .$3,000,000 worth
of storage coal and fuel oil. Standing
orders for all coal that is available at
market prices are being taken by 1ho
electric and gas companies. This in
formation Is gathered from u survey
made by the Nebraska Committee on
Public Utility Information, which nl-o
reports that but one utility In stnt,
the Fairmont municipal plant, has hocn
forced to cut out service to patrons on
account of the coal strike.
Seven-three dairy herds In Nebraska,
with a total of 1,-I2. animals, and Oil
herds of beef cnttle, with a total of
3,107 nnlmnls, have been accredited
thus far this year, according to a re
port made by the secretary of the state
department of agriculture. Of the
dairy herds, O.'jI are listed as purebred
and 471 grade, while 2r33 animals In
the beef class are quoted as purebred
and r,rl grade.
John Trnuernlcht, son of Mr. and
Mrs. T. J. Trnuernlcht of Reatrlce, was
quite seriously Injured when the motor
cycle he was driving collided with i
Sparks from finger nails created !.?
friction with clothing In n centrifugal
wringer, ignited gns fumes nrsing from
a cleaning anil pressing machine nnd
caused a lire with a loss estimated at
.$r,.r)00 In a Lincoln cleanng establish
ment .7. II. Dickenson, a Pawnee county
farmer, Is the owner of a hen, which
disappointed'!!! the dream of a family
of her own, Is now contentedly caring
forn litter of little pigs.
The contract for the new .$22"00
Christian church at Aurora has been
let. The basement has been built and
In use for ten years.
Women "Farmerettes" Mako
Money in Western Canada.
Many Are Taking Advantago of tht
Opportunity Offered by the Fer
tile Land and Fine Climate.
In many pnrts of Western Cnnnd
lire to be found women owning and
running farms for themselves, and
what Is more, making them pay. May
Hozlett, an English girl, who lived on
a farm in the Touchwood hills, in Sas
katchewan, for the pnst four years,
looking after her stock nnd cultivating
her land, Is one of thest. The farm
was originally her brother's homestead,
at which time Miss Ilnzlett was a
stenographer. Her brother was killed
while fighting with the Canadian forces
at Vlmy Ridge. Neighbors advised
Miss Ilazlett to sell the farm, but alio
decided that she was tired of the
"eternal pounding" nnd beenme n farm
erette. Mrs. Mary J. Rlackburn. a pioneer
woman farmer of Alberta, has Just
added 100 acres to her farm nenr
Hnrdlsty. Coming from Eastern Can
ada, Mrs. Rlackburn homestended a
quarter section In 1002. She hnd two
Holsteln heifers, a bull, nnd 817 in
cash. She lived In a tent the first
Bummer nnd In n sod shack In the
winter. Her first crop put her, as
he tells the story, "on Easy street.''
In ten yenrs she had a herd of 00
pure-bred Holsteln cnttle and was np
Drntlng a prosperous dairy. A fine
residence has supplanted tho sod hut.
"I milked my cows, rnlsed my cattle,
cut hay and stacked It all by myself,"
said Mrs. Rlackburn. "I started on
bare prairie with no money, and mado
good. I worked hard, but the experi
ence was wonderful."
' It has generally been conceded thnt
farming Is n man's Job. It hns lotiff
been considered thnt a woman's plnca
an the farm was In the house, with a
few attendant duties, looking after tho
chickens and the gnrden. Rut times
Bic changing.
Demonstrative of the present femi
nine Initiative, there are two young
ladles farming extensively nnd wltU
cood profit too, In Western Canada.
Some years ago a family located a 1C0
ncre farm In the Oak Lake district,
Manitoba. Later the father died, leav
ing his two daughters and aged wife a
mortgaged quarter section. Instead of
selling the effects nnd moving to town
to take employment, the girls decided
to work the plnce.
While the mother looked nftcr the
household duties the daughters did the
farm work. They did the plowing, hnr
rowlng, seeding, haying, harvesting,
stocking, feeding nnd other farm oper
ations. Except nt threshing time, the
getting out of wood, the help of mnn
was never sought. Instend of a 100
acre place, with seven horses nnd ten
tattle, which they started with, they
have a 1,120-itcre farm, twenty-five
bend of heavy horses and nearly a hun
dred bend of cattle, mostly pure-breds.
Their fnrm buildings, equipment nnd
Tell-lcept fields would be objects oC
pride to the owners In nny country.
Their accomplishment hns not only
been profitable hut pleasant, and they,
hnve enjoyed every home advantnge.
They are two entertaining nnd bright
girls, nnd have all the feminine charm
of womanhood. Their manlike occupa
tion has not given them a masculine
character or appearance, as some oC
the older generations might Imnglne.
Their gallant struggle for success signifies-
the truth In the oft-repented
maxim of "Western Canada. "A little
assistance and the soil, with Its natur
al richness and God's sunshine will
soon pay for the land Itself."
If you wish to learn more of what
Western Canada can do, write for a
copy of "Canada West" which will be
mailed to you free by your nearest
Canadian government agent. Adver
tisement. If you love your friend you will
laugh at his Joke whether it Is funny
or not.
Why She
"I have always used
the cheaper baking
powders, supposing
them just as good as
Royal but I invested
. in a can of Royal
Baking Powder and
now find all my bak
ing so much improv
ed that I will use no
other kind."
Baking Powder
Absolutely Pare
Contains No Alum
Leaves No Bitter Taste
Snd for Nw Royal Cook Book
It ' FREE. Royal Baldn Pow-derCol26WilUamSt,NwYork