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About The Red Cloud chief. (Red Cloud, Webster Co., Neb.) 1873-1923 | View Entire Issue (April 6, 1922)
RED CLOUD, NEBRASKA, CHIEF
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(Prepnred by (ho National Geographic 8s
doty, Wnahlncton, D. C.)
Madeira, the island to which the
former emperor of Austria-Hungary
and ills wife lmve been banished, might
la said to lie In the Atlantic Ocean
md the Middle Ages. And most luter
Hting to Americans, perhaps, it was
ncu the home of Christopher Coluni
lus. Once one lins penetrated Into the
country back of Funchnl, the only
town of the Island that may be called
a city, the simplest and most primitive
of civilized conditions arc found. Plows
are merely the wooden beams tipped
with n point of iron that ltoman peas
ants used; draft animals are oxen;
tjrnin is threshed by being trodden out
on old-fashioned threshing floors; nnd
even In Funclial the most common
means of conveyance is the slcdgo
drnpged over cobbled streets by slow
But with nil Its prlmlt I veness .'Ma
deira Is a land of great beauty and
charm. It Is considered by. man, In
deed, 'the modern version of the
"Islands of the Blessed." It is situated
In the latitude of Charleston, S. C,
and the Bermudas, nnd is about as far
Southwest of the Strait of Gibraltar as
!ho Bermudas are southeast of New
fork. Madeira, though, is not n low
lying Islet, but was once n huge vol
canic peak, and has rugged mountain
scenery comparable to that of the vol
canic islnnds of the Pncl3c. In Its rich
volcanic soil on the slopes of Its penks,
and In the hot-house-IIkc air of somu
of Its deep valleys, almost every known
type of plnnt can bo grown. The island
has beconio a great botanical garden.
It Is only necessary7 to climb its slopes
to pass from the growth of the scml
tropics to that of the temperate zone.
Bannnns and apples, tree-ferns nnd
oaks, oranges nnd pears flourish with
in n stone's throw of one another.
Above three thousand feet whore most
of the cuUlvntlou stops the crests of
the hills nnd mountains nru covered
with laurel and pine. Once Madeira
supported dense forests of large trees,
a fact which won It Its name, meaning
"wood." But the early settlers flrcd
the forests to clear the land and the
- Inter growth was for the most part
of smnller trees and shrubs.
Scenery Is Magnificent.
The scenery of Madeira is on a mag
nificent scale out of proportion to the
One ridge rises to more than G.000
feet, and one valley especially, Currnl
das Frelras, has the luxuriance nnd
charm moro to be expected of the trop
ical Islands of the East. Steep rugged
rlHTs mark, the greater purt of the
coast; nnd on the low ground about
the occasional bays and widened can
yons that open to the sea huddle tiny
Possibly Muderln and the few small
islands which make up the group wero
known to the Phoenicians and later to
the Moors and the Genoese; but all
records of their existence! unless
vague legends bo considered hnd been
lost by the beginning of the Fifteenth
century. In 1418 or 1410 storms drovo
Portuguese mariners to the Islnnds
nnd they wore thereforo the first of
the numerous small Atlnntlc Islands to
bo discovered or rediscovered. Strungo
ly enough It was little Porto Santo,
not the relatively large Madeira, that
was found. A colony was founded on
Iho Islet and rcmnlned many months
before Madeira, only 23 miles away,
Unlike the nenrby Canary Islands
where the nntlvo Guunches had at
tained n considerable civilization, the
Madeiras apparently had never been
Inhabited beforo thpJr discovery In
1410, The Islands were, In fact, given
over almost solely to vegetation. No
mammals or quadrupeds were found
except n few bats nnd a species of rat.
The only other living creatures that
in Gala Dress.
existed in tids Island paradise were a
few birds. Through colonization Ma.
dclra and Porto Santo wero soon
peopled and today the former hns a
density of population nearly threo
times that of the mother country,
Portugal. Then began the pouring into
Madeira of the floral good things of
the earth, a procedure which has
made it n wonderland for botnnlMs. Of
primary economic Importance was tho
introductlo'n of sugar-cane from Sicily.
Soon n very important sugar Industry
hnd been built up. Ornpcs wero
brought in from Crete, nnd by the time
of the American devolution the fa
mous Mndelrn wine hnd shouldered
sugar from Its place of Importance.
Not a Prosperous' People.
In spite of tho wonderful climate
and soil of Madeira, Its Inhabitants
are not very prosperous. This fnct Is
prohnbly chiefly due to the marked
deiiblty of the population, to the lack
of an adequate educational system,
nnd' to tho brake applied to initiative
by some of the governmental and fis
cal regulations. Because of the pres-.
sure of population mnny of tho young
people have emigrated during the pnst
few decades. Illiteracy 13 widespread.
The people of Madeira1 have many
strains In their blood. Italians, Jews,
Moors, negro slaves, and English have
all contributed elements, but tho
Portuguese have always been incom
parably tho most Important factor,
und tho resulting men and women nro
undeniably dark, swarthy sons nud
daughters of Portugal. Members of
the upper classes are courtesy Itself.
After wine production, Mndclra's
most Important "Industry" Is Its tour
1st tni flic. For more than half a cen
tury the Island has been the sun-parlor
of the English, the white officials from
tho African colonies, and numerous
Europeans. But to most of tho" tour
ists Mndelrn Is Funchnl, the little city
of L'o.OOO population which nestles,
gleaming white, in n big amphithea
ter on tho south side of the Island and
which hns many of the modern facili
ties which tho outside world expects.
Funchal's harbor Is only a rondstead,
but It Is never descried, for tho city'
lies at an ocean cross-roads of the,
routes that lead between tho Strait of
Gibraltar nnd the West Indies nnd
South America, and between South
Africa and England. And it had In
pre-war days lines that plied directly
to England, the Canaries, tho Azores
The precipitous streets of Funchnl
compelled the uso of sledges Instead
of wheeled vehicles in the enrly days;
and theso quaint nnd primitive ve
hicles are still In use. The motive pow
er Is usually supplied by oxen and
some of the sledges are luxuriously
fitted out with elaborate canopies. A
thrill can bo gotten from Funchal's
primitive vehicles not surpassed by
that from tho racing automobile, for
It Is customary In descending from
tho hills to coast down over tho cob
blestones on small sleds with greased
runners. One of tho regular oxepr
slons for tourists In Funclial, even
though they stay In tho Island but n
few hours, Is n trip to an elevation of
2,000 feet above the harbor by a cog
railroad and nn exciting slldo down.
Walkers climbing the hills about tho
city regularly arrange to have "livery
slpdR" meet'them at certain points on
tho heights that they may coast back
to tho lower levels.
Funchal's cog railroad gives, accesr
to several level roods which wind
about tho faces of tho hills back ot
tho city affording excellent views pf
the city and roadstead below. Open
ing upon these and farther up noarstho
terminus of the railroad aro the show
places of the city. In boiiio of these
vllln estates aro to be found gardens
of flowers and shrubs and trees whose
benuty Is probably unsurpassed any
where In tho world.
IMPROVED WJF0RM INTERNATIONAL
T Lesson T
iliy HKV. 1. U. F1TZWATKU. D. IX.
IVnchcr ot English Hlblo In tlio Moody
Ulble Institute ot Chicago.)
Copyrlclit, laj, Wttttrn Ntwipaper Union.
"LESSON FOR APRIL 9
THE LORD PRESERVES JOASH
LliSSON TKXT-U King 11:1-17.
GOLDEN TKXT-The Ixird jircscrvcth
all them that, love Illin.-l'fltilni 5::u
KKnSIlKNUK MATKIUAI-II KlngJ
ll:l&-2o; II Chron. n:l-l; Malt. 2:13-VX
I'lllMAIlV TOIMC-God Takes Caro of
JUNIOU TOl'IC-llow Hoy Uocntni
INTHKMtihlATK AND SKN10U TOPIC
A lJoy Hnvcd for a Great Carter.
YOUNO l'KOPUK AND ADULT TOPIC
The Sccrol of Personal und 'Nntlonut
.Tonsil, viewed In the light of his an-
icstors, was a pour prospect for a king.
His grandmother was the wicked
Athallah nnd his groat grandparents
wero Ahah and Jezebel. There was
enough bad blood In his veins to na
ture his doom. Despite this fact, ho
brought about sonic noble reforms and
turned the people back to God.
I. Athallah Usurps the Throne
1. Her attempt to destroy the seed
royal (vv. 1). In order to rcmovo
any rival claimant to the throne she
tried to kill all the royal male .chil
dren. 2. .Toash preserved by Jehnsheba
(vv. 2. H). Though Alhallah was keen-
eyed she was checkmated by another
woman. Her fatal omslon was not
to get rid of the women too. This
woman, the wife of the priest, stole
away the child and hid him in the
bedchamber for six years. God had
promised that through the Davldle
line the Messiah should come. In
order (hat this line be unbroken Joash
must be preserved. No purpose of
God can fall.
II. Joa3h Crowned King (vv. 4-12).
1. .TehoInda'K preparations (vv. 4-11).
The high priest and his wife were in
telligent and strong characters. As
the high priest, Jeholada felt that It
was his duty to thwart tho heathen
project of Athallah. Doubtless his co
operation with his wife made possible
the saving of Joash.
(1) Secured the aid of the military
leaders (v. 4). He knew somehow
that these men were not loyal to
Athallah. (2) Bound them under
solemn oath (v. 4). lie took an oath
of them in the house of the Lord.
Utmost men will stnnd by their word.
(3) Excited their spirit of patriotism
(v. 4). He gave them a sight of the
king's son. This, no doubt, was a grout
surprise. Now having seen the heir
to the throne they would risk every
thing, even their lives, In order to
set him on the throne. (4) Co-ordinates
all mntters (vv. 5-11). The soldiers
were, divided Into companies and nrms
were distributed to them. Each
group was assigned to specific duties.
2. The coronation (v. 12). (1) The
king's son brought forth. This was a
great day in Jerusalem. After six
years of usurpation, the people nil the
while supposing that all the heirs to
the throne were dead, now to gaze
upon the king's turn would be a notable
event. (2) Put tho crown upon him.
This was tho formal Induction Into of
fice. (.'0 Gave him the testimony.
This was a copy of the law, showing
that the king was to rule according
to the law of God. The act of putting
the law upon his head showed that
the king himself would he under the
control of the law. (4) Made him
king. This shows that he was made
king by the choice of the people. (.")
Anointed him. They poured oil upon
his head. This was the usual method
of consecrating prophets, priests and
kings, (tl) Cluppcd their hands. This
was u token or Joy.
III. Athallah Slain (vv. 13-17).
1. The noise of the coronation of
Joash brough Athallah to the temple
(v. 10). Up to this time she thought
her place on tho throne was secure
and that her heathen religion had
2. Her dismay (v. 14). Upon her
arrival at the temple she saw the
king wearing the crown iind sur
rounded by tho guards, so that she
could do nothing. In her despair sho
exclaimed: "Treason, treason 1" How
prone wicked men and women aro to
cry out ns though they had been
wronged when their wicked plots and
conspiracies are exposed and thwarted I
H. Athallah executed (vv. 15, 10).
The orders were that sho should not
bo killed In the temple. They led
her out by the way of the horses' on
trnnco to the king's paluco and slew
her. What a tragic end for the sin
ner I Sin con only prosper for a time.
IV. Worship of the True God (vv.
Jonsh was seven years old when ho
was made king. The high priest made
a covenant between tho Lord, the king
and the people that they would be the
Lord's people. In carrying out this
covenant they broke down the temple
of Baal and slow the priest of Baal.
The Way to God.
Prayer carries us halfway to God,
fasting brings us to the door of Ills
palace, nnd alms-giving procures us
The Saddest Thing.
Tho saddest thing that can befall n
soul Is when It loses faith In God and
woman. Alexander Smith.
Hope and Joy.
A propensity to hope nnd Joy Is real
riches; one to fear and sorrow, real
Riding backward In tho train doesn't
make n man feel dizzy If ho Is escap
ing from tho sheriff.
The use of soft coal will mnko lam
dry work heavier this winter. Red
Cross Ball Blue will help to remove
thnt grimy look. At all grocers Ad
vertisement. The Wool Combers.
In tho Latin quarter of Paris one
often sees groups of bnrcheaded wom
en, sitting in some quiet corner of tho
street, perhaps within a church door,
picking and combing tho wool of their
mattresses. No matter how poor a
French peasant may be, ho almost al
ways possesses n comfortable bed with
a wool mnttress.
Wouldn't Be News to Them.
Pattle was spending the afternoon
at tho homo of tho editor. During her
stay sho mentioned that her grnnd
mother and aunt wero visiting at her
home. Whereupon the editor said ho
would hnvo to publish It in tho next
Issue of tho paper.
"Oh, you needn't put It In our paper,"
"And why not?"
"Well, because wo know It," an
CHILD'S BOWELS WITH
CALIFORNIA FIG SYRUP
Even a sick child loves the "fruity"
taste of "California Fig Syrup." If tho
little tongue Is coated, or If your child
Is listless, cross, feverish, full of cold,
or has colic, give n teaspoonful to
cleanse the liver nnd bowels. In u few
hours you can sec for yourself how
thoroughly It works all tho constipa
tion poison, sour bile nnd waste out of
tho bowels, nnd you have n well, play
ful child again.
Millions of mothers keep "California
Fig Syrup" handy. They know n tea
spoonful today saves a sick child to
morrow. Ask your druggist for genu
ine "California Fig Syrup" which has
directions for babies and children ot
all ages printed on bottle. Mother 1
You must say "Cnllfomln" or you may
get an Imitation tig syrup. Advertise
ment Heaven 1
Jlmmle. was very fond of bread and
preserves and ono day Just beforo bup
per he came In, asking:
"Mother, may I have some bread and.
"Jlmmle, I'vo told you n dozen times
mm juu I'lmuui nave j Cfiurvca uuiuru
dinner. Bun out nnd play n while."
"Well, I hopo I dlo soon," Jlmmle
Bald ns ho was leaving his mother's
"Why, Jlmmle?" nsked his mother.
"Well, I'll be suro to get lots of pre
serves In heaven," ho nnswered.
"Who told you so?" asked his
"Well, tho Catechism says tho Lord
makes, preserves and redeems us," nn
Bwcred the theological Jimmy.
All He Got.
Two tramps approached a likely
looking dwelling on tho country road
and tossed up with their last half
penny which of the two should call
there and solicit nlms.
Ono wnlted nt the entrance gntc, and
the other walked up tho drive. toward
tho hall door. In n few seconds the
"Well, did ho glvo you anything?"
nsked his expectant companion eagerly.
"Oh, yes," wns tin reply. "Ho hnd
n bulldog by tho hand, nnd ho gave
mo ono minute to lenvo his garden.
And hero I am." Scotsman.
Laziness Is tho undertaker who
drops tho shroud of obscurity around
many r good man.
Don't bo. Inanimate. Either pull up
the stream or drift down.
Taste 13 a matter of
We itate it u our honett
belief that the tobaccos used
in Chesterfield are of finer
quality (and hence of better
taste) than in any other
cigarette at the price.
Uggiti V Mjiri Tibacn Ct.
A UNION OF
INTEREST TO WOMEN
Healthy Housewife Happy Home
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For tho ailing, half-sick housewlfo
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Had Nervous Spells
Horatio. Ark. "I had nervous
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my work without help. I weighed
only 95 pounds when my husband'o
mother persuaded mo to tnko Lydia
E. Pinkham's Vegetable Compound.
Now I henrtily recommend it to nil
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JlMKEAiucK, lloratio, Arkansas.
Clcnnllnufti may be next to godliness
nn ono side, but It is next to impos
sible on tho other.
If wo count a hundred when angry
It may save us a thrashing..
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Instead of Kalsominc or Wall Paper
Because only genuine Alabaitine will give you those soil delicate, artisic Alabastine
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Good decorators use Alabaitine. Nearly all store selling paints carry it in stock.
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B lsiBiw r AW
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w mt m
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