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About The Red Cloud chief. (Red Cloud, Webster Co., Neb.) 1873-1923 | View Entire Issue (Jan. 1, 1920)
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RED CLOUD, NEBRASKA, CHIEF
linf il ( jb w?Mr4&slwwllw '.-- '
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! us Hint on Now Year's day ami "IW$ slm iaWr 'mKmmX 61 ( J YlY VOTAv' ", VJJ' V
W g puns. theluutl,,g of Maypoles. j&pWft 7 W
8-vsBkAjP5Efl c,i rsssJKa iia wf-it t e
Smmuummum has resulted unnecessary waste IEgpf1 &Sam'Bs!rAi '&- MBSH I ft-r T 1 l! j V f
1 flnK:WxP,ft II ol powuor ami mucii imoxicu- i WTtfrfXfVA fc w A I J Wi ixiU
lSSsggl hud accidents; therefore we IP.TlJm; SlfMfll WSl! lllV ilXi V !
i iTnr - ..vf?. " ..Tivmi'v1.''NMfti .-tpk o '.hwn i m n m Tvi " a n ua. n m
X .' iCTiiK:ire. i tiffs' : &Vv
lMHOVtD UmPOIH mTERNATIONAt
(By ItlJV. 1. U. KITZWATIill, D. D.,
Teacher of Unsllsh lllble In Ilia Moody
lllblo Inntltutn of Chlcnco.)
(CopyrlKlit, UiO, WVatern Nwipapr Union)
LESSON FOR JANUARY 4
GHOULS ROB GRAVE
OF YOUNG WOMAN
IinilHAS, oxjiorlonro has tnuclit
us tliat on New Year's day and
May day from tin llrlnj; of
puns, the iilautln of Maypoles,
and drunken drinkers, there
has re-ultod unneoe.s'jary waste
of powder and much Intoxica
tion, with the had praet tecs and
had accidents; therefore we
expresfcly forhld uuy llrlnu of
Kuns und heating of drimiH. . . ."
This Is the heKlnnlnj; of ono of the many New
Year's proclamations of 1'eter Stuyvesant, director
general of New Netherlands his farm, the
"HomverlJ." on Manhattan Island pive the llowery
Its iitiiiH' hy which he hoped to "prevent more
tdns, dehaucherles and calamities" In New Am
sterdam during his 17 years of administration.
jr.17-04. Kor it was In old New York that the
American custom of New Year's calls had Its he
Klnnln;. And when the fun ot too boisterous old
I'eter would come stumpliiK aloiiR on his silver
Jianded wooden leg and try to make an unwilling
lattle-watch enforce his proclamation.
Now Year's day was the holiday pur excellence
In old New York. It was a il;iy peculiarly dedi
cated to family congratulations and the renewal
of friendships in expressions of sympathy and
ootl will, which, following so closely the sacred
festival of Christmas, Inspired all with peculiar
slgnliicance. Washlnpton Irving has said: "New
York was then a handy town. Anyone who did
not live oxer the xvay xvas to he found round the
vomer." .So the making of New Year's calls xvas
asy. Let us glance at the Nexv Amsterdam of
that day on the llrst day of the new year.
The solier, older citizens, sturdy figures, richly
and xvannly clothed, vnlk, slowly sniolc'jjg, to the
fort to render Nexv Year's wishes to the olllcers
if the garrison nnd then to the White Hall hy the
1 lattery in do the governor the same honor. Ever
-lace daybreak a noisier element has reveled up
mid doxxii the narroxv lanes and hy the hanks of
the canal (now I'.road street), shouting greetings,
tieatlng drums, tiring muskets, hloxvlng horns,
blinking "rumbling-pots" and drinking rivers of
beer. A group of young burghers, with some
4'lumsy tlrcarm, a snnpltance or n murtherer. have
gone from door to door of each corbel-roofed
lioue llrlng blank volleys, gathering recruit,
i linking more beer, till all repair to Ileekman's
Sxvamp (known to this day In Now York as the
Sxvamp) to lire nt a target.
Noise and Now Year's continued to be closely
connected In the days of the American colonies.
Nexv Year's day xvas a favorite day for shooting
at n mark, for shooting for prizes, nnd "target
companies" of very respectable citizens rose early
In the morning for these contests. Kor It xvas
deemed most Hellish nnd rather disreputable for
ji ulun to spend the entire day In such shooting.
lie could go with his "target company" In f..e
morning but he must pay a round of calls to the
fair In the afternoon.
In the da. of Nexv Year's celebration In Nexv
York. In the first half of the nineteenth century,
the toxvn seemed a great family reunion. In which
each man vied with the other In boisterous delight.
Shops were lighted, windows garlanded, streets
crowded. Oreat vans tnges with four and six
horses xx ere croxvded with groups of men. often n
group of kinsfolk, or old neighbors, or a hilarious
mob of men allied In politics or some "target
company" or "bnnd of old firemen." The tic
qunlntniiccs of each were calle.l upon In turn.
It xvas about the beginning of the nineteenth
nMitury that the change from a neighborly oh
Hwvniirc to one of pure fashion began In all the
large cities. The younger women of such house
holds as had dnughters were hostesses, nnd great
xvas their rivalry, one xvlth another, In respect to
richly londed refreshment tables and elegance of
toilet. The dudes of those days they called them
"bomiv" and "dandles" and "gallants" attired
tlu-iiiMvoB In their best and started out early In
the nioinlng on their calls.
It xvih not until about the middle of the century
that the abuse which finally led to the custom's
decline hcpn- I'"1 '(nrg lho (l!,I1,ms of New
York and other largo cities rivaled one another In
tho length of their culling lists, and the calls soon
runic to bo nothing uwro than hasty stops mere
rapid 1'orgliiKH of cako and gulplngs of xvliie in
stead of tho old-time friendly calls of men upon
the families of their friends and acquaintances.
Then the ladles tho matrons as well as tho
young xvomen begnn to.vlt. with one another In
tho number of their callers. This led to tho
most extraordinary practices. Callers were ro
milted Indeed much as customers are drummed
nt) bv dealers In soap. Cards announcing that
MlsuThls-or-Tlmt would be "at homo" on January
l wuro sent out almost Indiscriminately.
Then tho Sunday papers of tho tlmo began to
nrlnt lists of thoso who would receive and the
houses of thoso mentioned In the lists were sure
to ho besieged by numbera of men whom tho
ndlcs hnd never mot or hwtd of and desired
never to meet again. Mi would go calling In
jBZFag? ft? w&YZ'pi&r
couples ami parties ami even In droves of "0 or
more, remaining as short a time at each stopping
place as possible and announcing everyxvhere how
many calls they had already made and how many
they expected to make before they finished.
At every place they drank. The result xvas n
most appalling assortment of "Jags" long before
Late In the fifties the abuse came to bo so great
that the newspapers and the ministers took It up.
and many xvere the edltorlnls written and many tho
sermons preached against It. This crusade speedi
ly brought results.
It xvns not many years before the smart set of
young men In nirst cities stopped calling. The
hospitable door that had been open from morning
to evening xvas adorned xvlth a basket for cardsi
Ciontlenien were driven all over town depostlngx
their visiting cards In these baskets. In a year or
so servants xvere delivering these cards. Then
the baskets disappeared and the mall carrier de
livered the fexv cards sent out. Of course this
process xvas not at all uniform. It was fast in
some cities, slow In others.
A belle of the eighties, sitting In her easy chair,
thumbing over an old scrapbook filled xvlth faded
cuttings from the nexvspapers of thoso days; her
husband, a beau of the same period, In slippers
and dressing gown, smoking and listening ns she
spoke and read.x now nnd then nodding his head
and smiling at some memory recalled; and tho
daughters of the house, planning for the wntch
parly festivities of 1920, listening with curious In
terest and laughing and chatting about how odd It
all seemed now such n scene was doubtless to be
witnessed In many n city nil over the country
xvlth tho closing days of 1010.
"We didn't go In so much for the wntch parties
in thoso days," tho matron said. "The xvhlstles
blew and there was some noise, It Is true, among
the doxvntoxvn folk, but we girls, as a rule, retired
early we hail to save ourselves for the trying
ordenl of the next day, for New Year's day xvas
the great social event of tho year. It xvas 'receiv
ing day' In all the homes of tho toxvn. We called
it 'keeping open house.
"It xvns n day of lavish entertainment nnd the
doors xvere supposed to be open to everybody that
called, xvhether friend or stranger. Wo prepared
for It weeks In advance. It xxuis a period of great
conviviality. Aside from the fact that the con
vlvlalty xvns somexvhat overdone, nt times, that old
custom of the New Year's open house was quite an
old-fnshioned, sincere expression of good fellow
shlp to friend nnd neighbor and visiting strangers
opening the portals of the Nexv Year, as It
xvere, xvlth a greeting and a home welcome. And
as a social function. It xvns most delightful It
helped to bring people together.
"It xvns the fashion to give each of the callers n
souvenir to carry axvay xvlth them and all sorts
of Ingenious little devices xvere used. Some had
silk badges xvlth the names of the girl painted on
them; some had dainty metal souvenirs specially
struck off, others ornate cards xvlth mottoes, und
some went In for tho oddities, like the clay pipes
that papa tells about. I remember the gentlemen
used to wear these souvenirs pinned or tied with
ribbons to their coats as the knights of old wore
'their Indies' favors and Into In the evening the
callers looked like foreign diplomats, with all their
decorations, or. perhaps, like South African chiefs
would be tho hotter simile.
"Of course, only the gentlemen called thoy
xvere never accompanied by ladles. The ladles re
mained In their homes to recelvo them. The gen
tlemen xvero supposed to be In full dress tho
younger set xvore sxvallowtalls and crush hats, nnd
the older gentlemen Prince A.hert coats and light
gray, pin-striped trousers that xvas the vogue.
The old tlmorH, I remember, did not tako very
kindly to the crush hats. And everybody, of
course, had to have u hack or a sleigh.
"The hostess of tho hotiso usually called to her
assistance a bovy of the young girls who made up
the receiving line nnd helped to dispense the hos
pltnllty of the home. I remember ono season
when xve had more than 200 callers. The custom
xvns to stny n few momenta only, chnt, drink nnd
cat, and then go on to the next house. One of the
rooms, however, xxns cleared for dnnclng nnd In
the late hours tho callers would select partners
nnd whirl through a xvnltz, a polkn or n schottlshe,
or perhaps a set of the quadrille. Every house
had a band of musicians.
"The 'open house' function xx'ns n very elnborate
dress nffalr the women vied xvlth ono another In
beautiful costuming nnd tho month before New
Year's xvas a harvest for the dressmakers.
"From 2 o'clock until lnte In the night tho par
lors xvere filled xxlth guests. The loxver portion of
the house had been previously beautifully deco
rated xvlth flowers and exotics nnd all who called
xx-cre made to feel perfectly nt home. In tho din
ing room xvns n table with all sorts of eatables
anil dainties, with raro wines nnd punches. At 2
o'clock, when the reception opened, tho blinds
xvero drawn nnd tho gas lighted. During the day
favored callers xvere Invited to return at night for
With tho gradual abandoning of Nexv Yenr's
calls came In tho gradual growth of tho eating,
drinking nnd revelry that before the war and pro
hibition marked Nexv Year's evo In tho cities.
Here Is n glimpse of Philadelphia In 1894:
"After the reserves nnd the Third district police
men hnd taken their positions tho enormous croxvd
began to swell In size. In front of Independence
hall, filling the street, xvns a jostling mob that be
enme noisier tho nearer tho hands of tho clock
came to tho midnight hour. Up Chestnut street
thcro were two black masses that moved victori
ously toward tho stntehouse.
"Tho gay and comic 'shooter (mummer) did
not put In uppenrunce to any considerable extent
until about 11 o'clock. Then ho enmo from all di
rections. "The thousands packed In tho roadxxay sent up
nn answering cry to tho first stroke of the big
bell, nnd tho rnttle of pistol shots, despite tho po
lice orders agnlnst using wenpons, was like the
Bound of musketry. Tho screnms of xvhlstles added
to the din nnd on every side through tho miles that
tho eyes could pierce fireworks went blazing up
ward." And here Is n gllmpso of New York In 190C:
"All New York came out to celebrate the birth
of the nexv year. Nothing like It xvas ever seen
before for numbers or for enthusiasm. From the
hour after dinner until long after midnight tho
celebration lasted. It consisted of noise, tntlng
nnd drinking, with colso by far the predominating
element. Men horn In New York, who have lived
here nil their lives, looked lit tho cnrnlx-al In wide
"At least 50.000 men nnd xvomen packed Ilroad
way nnd tho sldo streets near Trinity church from
hnl'f past elexen o'clock until long after midnight.
To hear tho chimes? Oh, no. To blow horns and
xvhlstles und spring rattles nnd yell and thus
drown out the very pretty chimes of old Trinity
thnt welcomed In tho Noxv Yeur. Every tnblo In
every big restaurant was taken weeks In advance."
In 1911 tho pollco In most of the large cities or
dered "sane" Now Year's celebrations. In conse
quenco thero xvns u marked diminution of tho
revelry; In many cities midnight closing and com
munity celebrations murked the occasion.
Thus tho celebration of New, Year's day In noise,
drinking, eating nnd calling has grown to bo a
climax and become "sane." What unxt?
PETER PREACHES AT PENTECOST
UCSSON TUXT-Acts 2:1-42.
GOLDUN TKXT Whosoovcr alnill call
upon tlie numo of the Lord ahull tie naved.
ADDITIONAL MATKIUAL-Jool 2:28-32;
John 10:7-16; Acts l:l-2ti.
PHLMAUV TOPIC-I'cter telllnc about
JUNIOU TOPIC The Story of Petite
cottt. INTKUMlCDIATK AND SKNIOn TOP.
1C Tlueu ThoUR.iiul Won In tv Day.
YOUNO PKOPUVS AND ADULT
TOPIC The Purmanent MpuiiIiir of Pon-tocost.
I. The Day of Pentecost Fully
Come (vv. 1-1II).
1. Significance of the dny. Pente
cost means "fifty." It xvns the fenst
held fifty duys ufter tho xvnve-sheuf
offering (Lev. 2.'l:10). The wave sheaf
typified the resurrection of Christ (I
2. The gift (vv. 2-1). On this day
the Holy Spirit cnnie upon the dis
ciples In a new way, nnd from that
time forxvurtl he has worked on n nexv
basis, having the crucified, risen and
ascended Christ to present to the
3. Upon whom the Spirit came (v.
1, cf. l:l'M.r) the twelve and others,
both men and xvomen to the number of
one hundred and twenty, shoxvlng that
the gift of the Holy Spirit xvas for all
believers. It xvas for this "promise
of the Father" that the disciples were
to tarry at Jerusalem (LuSc 24:49).
4. The marks of the Spirit (vv. 2-1).
The sound' of a mighty wind (v. 2).
This Is suggestive of the mysterious,
all-persuasive and powerful energy
of the Spirit. Tongues of llaiae
(v. 3). Tongues show the practical.
purpose or tlie spirits gin xvn
nesslng; nnd the fire Indicates his
purifying energy burning up lho
dross, making effective witnessing
for Christ, (c) Speaking In foreign
tongues ('. 4). This xvas a temporary
endowment for this special purpose.
5. Tho effects (vv. r.-l'l). (1) The
multitude xvere filled xvlth amazement
and wonder, for these common men
were transformed Into men of power
and Inlluoncft. (2) Some mocked and
foolishly accused the disciples of be
II. Peter's Sermon (vx 14-47).
Ills nnulysls Is perfect. He bpglns
with a brief defense nnd scriptural
explanation of the phenomena of
tongues (vv. 14-21), and by a three
fold argument proves the Messlnbshlp
of Jesus (vv. 22-30).
1. The Introduction (vv. 14-21). (I)
Defense of the disciples ngnlnst the
chnrgo of being drunk (v. 15). This
lie does by citing Jewish customs,
shoxvlng thnt thoy would not be drunk
at such an early hour of the day. (2)
A scriptural explanation. He shoxvs
thnt It xvas a partial fulfillment of that
which Joel predicted (vx 10-21, cf.
Joel 2:2S-U2) would come to puss be
fore the Messianic Judgment, nnmely,
nn outpouring of the Holy Spirit and
tho salvation of nil who cult upon
the nnme of the Lord.
2. The argument (vv. 22-30). It Is
threefold: (1) From Christ's works
( 22). He was approved of God
among the Jews by his miracles, won
ders and signs which God did by him
In their midst, xvlth which they xvere
familiar. (2) From his resurrection
(vv. 23-32). The Old Testament scrip
tures hnd foretold the death and resur
rection of Christ (Psalms 10:S-10).
The disciples xvere living xvltnesses of
Christ's resurrection, for they hnd
seen nnd tnlked xvlth him. nnd handled
him since his resurrection (v. 32). (3)
From his ascension to be at the right
hand of God (v. 32). The prodf that
he had ascended on high xvns the xvon
derful miracle of the Spirit's operation
In their midst; for he hnd suld that
upon his nscenslon Into heaven ho
would send forth the Spirit. The con
clusion Is thnt Jesus of Nazareth Is
both Lord and Christ, the one of whom
Joel prophesied (x 30), und thnt tho
Jews are guilty of nn nxvful crime In
4. Tho effect of the sermon (vv. 37
42). Many people xvere convicted of
their sins, some 3,000 of whom re
pented nnd xvero buptlzed. The dally
life of these believers xvas n proof of
the Spirit's gift. Tho evidence that
tho coming of the Spirit was real Is
that (1) they continued steadfastly In
the apostolic teaching (v. 42), that Is,
they xvere learning about Jesus Christ,
being taught by tho apostles Instead
of the scribes; they turned axvny from
their blind guides nnd followed nexv
ones. (2) They continued In felloxx
shlp xvlth the apostles (v. 42). This
fellowship xvas In the spirit, nrnund
Christ as the head; the one body be
ing Illustrated by the one loaf. (3)
They continued In prayer (v. 42).
Disinter Body and Strip It of
Jewelry Said to Be Worth
Chicago. When Clara Ounderber
died, seven years ago, her engagement
ring xvent to her grave with bur In SL
Detective Sergeant Stexe Harry dug
Into the grave recently and made tho
discovery that ghouls hud stripped tho
remains of the engagement diamond,
taking xvlth It two other rings. Tho
three articles of Jewelry, hurled xvlth
the girl, were worth $1,500. The police,
the girl's mother. Hev. (ieorge Elsen
bacher of the Angel (Juai (linn's or
phanage, Devon avenue anil Itobey
ii J i "!'xW .vM'UJ,ayLffivlS
lit ' HHl'fliH
1 ' Jk.'m,
. r-TlJ-" I-, """l
Ghouls Kind $1,500 Jewelry In CJrl'l
street, and Charles Illgeloxx-, superin
tendent of the graveyard, are co-operating
In a seurch for the ghouls.
The girl's mother, xvho lives ut Her.
milage und llylund avenues, and Is
xvlilely kuoxvn In North side German
circles, visited her daughter's grave n
short time ago.
The earth appeared to her to have
been turned and soft. She suspected
It had been tampered xxith and Imme
diately notified Superintendent Wge
low. She later xvent to the minister.
He asked the police to Investigate.
Sergeant Harry found the gnix-e had
been dug up and the top torn from tho
collln. He could find no Jexvelry In
the remains. Graveyard officials have
naked the police to again open tho
grave nnd turn the collln over for a
more thorough search for the rings.
"The grave unquestionably had been
opened and the rings taken," Sergennt
Harry reported to Cnpt. Mux Danner,
bend of the Summerdnle ixrilcc.
Records shoxv thnt the girl died In
Lakeside hospital In 1012 after an operation.
Gets Heart Balm From Z
Girl Who Jilted Him
Damage to a man's heart re
sulting from his being "Jilted"
In u love nffalr has been placed
at ?250 by a Jury In Iloboken,
Peter Median, past middle
life, plnlntlff In the action
against Miss Bridget Hungley, a
comely lass, forty-txvo, for
breach of promise of marriage,
has tho distinction of being the
first man In the county to xvln u
verdict for heart balm against
The would-be bridegroom tes
tified that ho would hnve never
thought of mnrrlngo If Miss
Hungley hnd not "popped the
Almighty and living God, xve be
Bpech thee to look xvlth love nnd mercy
on us. Keep us In thy faith nnd fenr.
Give us grace to resist the devil, and
to renounce all his xvorks and tempta
tions. Guard us from the lusts und
sins of tho flesh. Shield us from the
corruption of tho world. Mnke us dili
gent nnd faithful In our appointed
xvork. Keep us patient under trial. In
anxiety und worry, help us to find
trust and peaco In thro. All of xvhlch
we nsk through Jesus Chtlst our Lord
and Savior. Amen.
PASTOR GETS QUEER BEQUEST
Heir to $87,000 Must Provide Care for
Woman's Birds, Cats, Dogs
Eurekn, Cal. Uev. James MacDon
nld. a Methodist minister residing here,
has beer, named at sole heir In the will
of Mrs. Amelia Smith Woodbury to tin
estate valued at $S7,000. In addition
to other property, the minister bus
been given charge of S5 canaries, 31
dogs, IS cats and a hutch of rabbits,
xvlth tho understanding that the pets
shall recelvo "all the care and com
forts to which they have been accus
tomed." Hex-. Mr. MncDonald Is currying out
the trust, hut the rabbits are multi
plying so rapidly that he entertains
doubts as to how ho Is going to provldo
room for them a year from now.
Woman Rivals Burbank.
Centralla, Wash. Rivaling Luther
Hurbank, Mrs, S. C. Davis of this city
has developed a new variety of aster
that Is u murvel of beauty to local
floral enthusiasts who have seen It.
Tho flower petals are purple, ein
hroldoieil with whlto and were devel
oped ufter four yen re of careful se
lection nlong Hurbunk lines by Mrs.
- - -fr.fiA. Hi fch
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