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About The Red Cloud chief. (Red Cloud, Webster Co., Neb.) 1873-1923 | View Entire Issue (Oct. 23, 1919)
RED OLOUD, NEBRASKA, CHIEF
U.5.5. NEW MEXICO
'bA t sir ihVIWK
-II .. ji f If" tAtoW I VJ.HVifMI
ci i i ircte-er -. -. rai, Ji s emu
HAIR IN FLAMES;
DIES FROM BURNS
Girl Uses Gas Heater Instead
of Electric Drier After
NCLIO Sum's supordrondunught Now
Mexico Is vtry much In thu yes of
I In world lhe.su dnys for tin special
reason that this battleship Is tlu
first of any nation to bo (impelled by
elcetrlcty. Moreover, electric ilrlv
lias lift ii to siiucc.st.ful and Its light
ing advantages have become .so gen
erally recognized that thu navy de
imrliaent lias decided to equip all of
Us now capital ships with electric
The New Mexico Is n most Impres
sive lighting machine. .She was built at the llrook
lyn navy yard ami launched In the .summer of 11)17.
She Is filM feet 'over all. She weighs (displaces)
U'J.UOO tons. .She draws HO feet of water. She bus"
07 feet -I'S Inches beam at the waterllne. At full
speed she can make slightly In excess of 1M Knots
an hour. She generates 2S.O0O horsepower for
propulsion. Her ciew numbers neaily 1,'JUu men.
She burns oil Instead of coal as fuel and has a
tolal fuel capacity of about 1,000.000 gallons.
It's not an easy thing nowadays to get permis
sion to examine a battleship from stem to stern
and to take photographs of her Interior. Hut rep
resentatives of, one of thu big concerns which
bad a hand In making the New Mexico what she
Is was recently allowed the privilege which has
been exceedingly rare since the beginning of the
great war. The following account of an Inspec
tion of the superdreadnaught at drydock In the
Hrookljn navy yard Is the result.
Lieut. Com. 1J. L. Carroll, chief engineer, turns
us over to one of the Junior engineers. We start
with the navigating brjdge and examine the vari
ous pieces of apparatus for transmitting signals
to the engine room for tho control of the ves
sel, and to half u dozen other parts of the ship,
each of which lias a particular und Important
function to perform. Next we begin a systematic
survey of the ship, and to begin as far down Into
the vitals of the vessel as possible we are led
through circuitous routes, down steep hatchways,
through narrow alleys, and down more ladders,
through deck after deck until we have lost all
knowledge of tlmu and space.
We Hud ourselves at last on the very bottom of
the ship, directly behind the rudder. A compli
cated mass of machinery, pistons, rods, valves,
dials and -lectrlc motors, combine to make up
the steering gear engine. This machinery is oper
ated .-.ml controlled directly from the navigating
bridge by a control device. TIiIb Is only one of
live different methods of steering the ship. In a
water-tight compartment directly aft Is what Is
known as the auxiliary steering gear. And here
we see four large wheels connected to a shaft
which when occasion demands, can be u-ed to
move the rudder by hand which takes eight men.
Itut this shaft Is also connected to an electric
motor and by the simple turn of a switch can be
operated electrically. Two other electrical units
ure situated In this compartment for rudder con
trol and If all steering methods fall, a "Jury" rud
der may he rigged off the stern.
Going forward along thu bottom of thu ship we
come presently to the propeller shafts fnur In
number each operating an Immense propeller.
These shafts extend from the motors which oper
ate them back through thu ship ami out at the
stern, through what ure known respectively as the
stuiboard outboaid shaft alley, starboard Inboard,
port Inboard ami port outboard alleys. Following
forward along the Inboard shaft we go through
several more wnter-tlglit compartments, drop
down a hatchway and tlud ourselves In the pro
pelllnc motor room. This Is the section of tho
slii) which actually drives the propellers.
Thu tremendous motor which meets our gaze
gives nn Inkling of tho power uecoKsary to make
the big shafts revolve.
This motor stands 12 feet high from thu Moor
and Is V2 feet wide. It generates 7,000 horsepower.
Like the rest, It Is Inclosed In a water-tight com
partment, protected by bulkheads, und If anything
should happen to It, the current may be cut off
at once and directed to tho operation of the other
To see how thu motor Is controlled, reversed,
started, stopped, etc., we follow thu wlru cables
further forward, still almost on thu bottom of the
fhlp until we comu to what the engineers call the
cuuter engine room. Here spread out beforu us
lies a switchboard containing levers, dials, tele
phones, Indicators, and instruments for measur
ing electrical currents. fcIt Is thu main control
Htatlon of thu ship containing thu arteries
through which courses thu life blood of tho ves
sel, the electrical current. In fact, It Is often
called the heart of tho vessel.
Hero In this compartment the electrical current
Is received, measured nnd passed on to the motors
which we have Just left. From this station the
propellers may bo mudu to reverse, or to go at
full speed ahead; two propellers may be reversed
while the other two are driven ahead. Hero also
any combination of control may bo made up. Tho
flexibility of control made possible by this cen
tral control station constitutes one of thu advan
tages of tho system of electric drive. Tho captain
of tho ship communicates directly to this station
and gives Instructions concerning tho control of
Having seen how thu ship la propelled, ami con
trolled, wo nre naturally curious to seo tho source
from which tho tremendous energy comes. Tho
cables from the switchboard lead us forward Into
another compartment where we view the machine
which generates the electrical current which turns
This Is the turbo-generator section. There are
two turbo-generators consisting of it steam tur
bine direct, connected to a powerful generator.
This generator Is operated by the steam turbine
and produces the current we have been seeking.
Iuch of the turbogenerators produces M.OOO
horsepower. In technical language this spot with
in the ship is known as the power plant.
The turbine Is uu essential part of this plant. It
Illustrates another advantage of thu electric drive.
A steam turbine to operate at Its maximum clll
clency must revolve at a relatively high speed,
say 'J.O(M) revolutions per minute. On the other
hand, the propeller to be most elllclent, must re
volve with comparative slowness, say -00 revolu
tions per minute. This Is because If the propellers
revolved at high speed they would merely churn up
the water anil fall to drive the vessel ahead.
Now electricity acts as a connecting link be
tween this highspeed, .jrblnu and thu low-speed
motor which drives the propellers. Mechanical
gears, which In the turbine driven vessel have
been used to reduce tho tin bine speed down to n
suitable propeller speed, are entirely eliminated,
ami the necessary reduction accomplished by sim
ple electrical means. Moreover the operating
units of vital Importance aru each Inclosed in sep
arate water-tight compartments. In addition the
machinery Is grouped very close to the center of
the ship as far us possible away from the sides.
"The possibility of so grouping thu machinery,"
says an olllcer, "means a greater protection of
thu apparatus from shell lire, grounding nnd col
lision. We might say that this feature, plus the
flexibility of control and the ability to cut oft
defective or damaged apparatus constitutes one
of the essential superiorities of electric drive."
To follow the power route to its source, wo must
go still fuither forward to a point amidships.
Heie are nine huge steam boilers, arranged three
In u compart ment. They store up thu steam un
der u pressure of 2."0 pounds to the'square Inch
and deliver It to the turbines. The New Mex
ico burns oil Instead of coal.
Thus the electrical propulsion equipment of the
New Mexico may be briefly summarized as fol
lows: Nine steam hollers deliver steam to two
turbines. The two turbines operate two genera
tors. The two generators produce electrical cur
rent. The electrical current is led through copper
cables xto a control station where It is distributed
and passed on to four big motors. Knch of the
four motois turns n propeller and thus tho ship
Is driven through the water. ' '
The current which the two turbo-generators
produce Is used entirely In thu actual propulsion
of the vessel. Thu New Mexico must have addi
tional electrical energy with which to operate
scores of auxiliary apparatus.
For Instance, electric motors operate the 12
Inch nnd 14-Inch guns, blowers which supply the
ventilation of tho ship, electric fans, telephones,
heaters, pumps, refrigerating machinery, wireless
iippuratus, kitchen appliances, laundry equip
ment, etc., to say nothing of the lighting system.
Motor-driven machinery also operates tho boat
cranes and the anchor windlass. There are scores
of storage batteries which stand ready to keep
tho electric lights going should the main lighting
system fall. It has been estimated that there ure
aboard the New Mexico no less than GO electric
"Where docs" the current come from to operate
them?" we ask. It comes from six nnxlllory
turbo-generator huts and we find two of them well
up toward tho how of thu vessel, still on the same
level as tho holler room from which wo hnvo Just
omerged. This turbo-generutor, and the others
similar to It, are responsible for tho wonderful
applications of electricity which we will muko tho
acquaintance of as wo go upward through the
New Mexico. There are four separate decks
between the bottom of tho ship und the main
All the linking Is done electrically electric
motors operate the dough mixers, nnd dough
kneaders, while the loaves nre baked In electrical
ly heated ovens. Next we visit the electric laun
dry with Its many ingenious machines electrically
driven. Electricity also plays Its part In other
places, such as the crew's library, reading room
and recreation quarters; tlte barber shop; the
sick bay, with Its up-to-date operating room; Capt.
A. L. Wlllard's quurtcrs, the olllcers' wardrooms,
The New Mexico tins 12 14-Inch guns nnd
many of smaller caliber, Including a battery of
antl-nlrcraft guns. The larger caliber guns, thrco
In each of four turrets, ore operated by electric
ity. The turrets are revolved and the guns ele
vated by electric motors. Ammunition hoists run
electrically and there are electric gun loaders,
while even the big guns are llred by electrical
means, but the smaller caliber guns nro generally
oprated by hand.
In examining Into the control of these great
batteries of destruction, wo comu to one of the
most Interesting spots on tho ship the conning
tower. Nnvy regulations designed to withhold
Important matters of military design, forbid us
from obtaining a picture of the conning tower.
But It Is permissible to describe It brlelly. The
conning tower Is a well-shaped shnft extending
perpendicularly through the ship from top to bot
tom with ladders running up and down the sides
and convenient methods of transmitting Instruc
tions by means of Indicators mid telephones. Dur
ing nn action the vessel's commanding officer
usually stations himself In this tower which Is
also known as one of several tire-control stations
nnd transmits Instructions.
Up on one of tho masts we encounter one of
tho big "eyes" of tho ship an electrical eyo which
can see for miles In Inky darkness. The current
for the operation of thu searchlight comes from
ono of the turbo-generators heretofore described.
Is the electrical propulsion of murine vessels
opening up an entirely new era of scientific ad
vancement and will the day come when the seven
seas will be dotted with electric ships? So far as
our own navy Is concerned, Secretary Daniels
expressed the essence of the Ideu when lie said:
"I think this country has causo to bo proud of
this achievement In engineering, not alone because
of thu pronounced success In thls particular In
stance (referring to tho New Mexico), but because
of thu assurance It gives us of tho superiority of
our capital ships to those of foreign countries."
"Tho New Mexico Is the first nnd only dread
naught of any nation to have electrically operated
propelling machinery," continued Sccrefury Dan
iels. "On this account she hus been an object of
surpassing Interest to tho olllcers of our own nnvy
and to those of foreign navies as well, and to
electrical engineers In general.
"The result was satisfactory from every point
of view and confirmed the Judgment of nil who
were In any way concerned In Its design and adop
tion. There was not the slightest mishap with nn;
part of it, everything worked to perfection, nnd
tho crew was as enthusiastic over the performance
of the machinery us is tho department proud In
, the possession of such nn efficient dreudnaught.
"When we entered Into contract for the ma
chinery wo stipulated that, In addition to being
cupnhlo of developing tho maximum power, she
should also give nn economy at cruising speed
very niudi superior to that obtainable with tile tur
bine Installations previously used. This stringent
requirement was also met. As a matter of fact,
tho New Mexico will steam at ten knots on less
fuel than the best turblne-drlven ship that pre
Anywny, electrical engineers are now turning
their attention to the adoption of similar princi
ples to the driving of merchant ships nnd to large
FIRE ENVELOPS HEAD
Friends Attempt to Rescue Victim In
Vain Death Due Chiefly to Shock.
Physicians Say Inhaled
Pittsburgh. A few minutes after
little Miss Kloanor Asher scrnmbli-0
merrily, out of a swimming pool, she
lay dying from shock caused by ter
Her hair caught fire while she was
drying It over a gas heater at the
Ahlngton Y. M. C. A. ami her death
occurred In the Ahlngton hospital.
Miss AsIum, who was fifteen years of
age. was the. daughter of Mr. and Mrs.
Svdney S. Asher. 1S.r8 North Sixtieth
street. At present they are occupying
their summer home at Noble.
The Y. M. O. A. which Is In York
road near Susquehanna road, Is given
over to girls and women three nights
of the week. Friday night was girls'
night, and Miss Asher went over for
Laughing gayly after her plunge,
Miss Asher went down to the locker
room to dry her hair. There are two
electric hair driers In tho room, but the
young women have found that thu four
gas heaters Installed by Y. M. O. A.
during the season of coal shortage, for
the purpose of taking the chill off of
the room, dry hair more quickly than
do the electric driers. Their use. how
ever, has been against the house rules.
Flames Envelop Head.
Miss Asher used the gas heater Fri
day night. She chatted pleasantly
with the girls about her, as she lower
ed her head to the heater.
Suddenly her bend was enveloped In
flames. The strands of linr long brown
hair had touched thu blue fire of tho
Miss Asher screamed nnd rushed
wildly about the room. Her friends
brnvcly made an effort to put out the
flames, but they trial In vain.
Only Miss Iluddcch, physical direc
tor for the women, seemed to hava
kept her mind free from hysteria. Sim
heard the screnms of the young women
Her Head Was Enveloped In Flames.
and the agonizing cry of little Miss
Asher and rushed to the locker room.
Without hesitation she seized a
henvy cont lying on the bench and
threw It over the girl's bond.
"Turn on the showers I" she cried to
the woeplng girls.
The shower was turned on and Miss
Itudilach bhnved the suffering child
under the spray. By the time tho
flames were extinguished, Miss Asher
Inhaled Gas Fumes.
Her face had been scarcely touched
by the licking tonguoH of flame. Her
shoulders nnd arms were burned und
she had Inhaled gas fumes.
She was hurried to the hospital,
where she died late In tho night, as a
result of the shock, chiefly, Urn physl
Coroner Neville of Montgomery
county, Investigated the case and pro
nounced the death due to accident.
He exonerated tho institution of any
LOST BOY FOUND BY DOG
Get instant relief with
Tape's Cold Compound"
Don't stay stuftcd-upt Quit blowtaR
and snutlllngl A doso of "Papa's Cold
Compound" taken every two hours nn
tll flireo doses nro taken usually breaks,
up a cold and ends all grippe misery.
Tho very first dose opens yur
clogged-up nostrils and tho air pass
ages of thu head; stops iiohc running;
relieves tho headache, dullnesH, fever
Ishness.sneezlng, sorenww and Htlffnesa
'Tape's Cold ComiKitind" a tho
quickest, surest relief known and cofits
only a few cents at drug wtoroa It nets
without assistance. Tustert nice. Con
tains no quinine. Insist on Tape's t Ad
Child Hides In a Ditch, Afraltf to Re
port the Lou of 10
Youngstown. Taken from -a sewer
ditch In Mill Creek park by a dog,
Henry Martin, seven, told of having
run away from his home In Salt
Springs rond Monday because he had
I lost 10 cents chango which he had been
given at n store.
J. Holt, a railroad policeman, went
through the park early today. Ills
dog stopped at the end of tho ditch.
Unable to coax the animal to Tftive,
Holt sent the dog Into the ditch and
the boy was dragged oat
Her Eyes to Blame.
Some time ago I hnd'iiiy ry tested,
belladonna being dropped In them to
enlarge the pupils. Tho yo ftorfor
assured me I'd he able to nee perfectly
provided with a pair r durlc rIhhhcs.
My fi lend, who was with me, wild sho
wasn't so sine about It. (hi leaving
the doctor's olllcu we boarded n
crowded car, my friend golifg to tho
front and leaving me to take a vinsnt
sent tn thu rear. All of a nndtlen 1
could see hardly anything, ami la
sitting down I sat on n young man's
lap. I quickly removed to ttio vacant
seat beside him maid the titters and
laughing of group of coUego buys
standing In the buck entry. My only
relief was In the black ghuutoH I wore,
for I knew no one would know ate
again without them.
"CALIFORNIA FIG SYRUP"
IS CHILD'S LAXATIVE
Look at tongue I Remove pohtena
from stomach, liver an4
"Whnt'H Elolso doing bow?"
"Wclfarw work In prlfcatu" ,
"It's too bad for a rrtaod Ctrl Mka
that to come In contact with hartfeaetf
"Oh, she merely visits the txuiker'a
colony.' It's really a high-class dub,
you know, whose members have bsotm!
In good society anil expect te do m
again us soon as their period ex ted
slon Is over." Birmingham Age-ncr-aid.
A Feeling of Security
You naturally foci secure whea yoo
know that the medicine you are aboat fc
take Is absolutely pure aad contain no
harmful or hibit producing drug.
Such a medicine is Dr. Kilmcr'a Swwna
Root, kidney, liver and bladder remedy.
The eame standard of purity, stresgUi
and excellence is maintained lit every
bottle of Swamp-Hoot.
It is scientifically eosopoaaded fross
It is not a stimulant and is takca ia
It is not recommended for everything.
It is naturo's great helper in relieving
and overcoming kidney, liver aad Mad
A sworn statement of parity ia wKk
every bottU of Dr. KDaier'a Bwaasp
Root. If you need a medicine, you snoaM
have tho best. On sale at all drug storea
tn bottles of two sizes, medium and large.
However, if you wIbU first to try tkk
treat preparation scad ten cents to Dr.
Kilmer It Co., liinRhamton, N. Y., for a
ample bottle. When writing be sura aad
cation this paper. Adv.
Not a Happy Ending.
Mrs. Unman Tills book ends with
Ilnmnn You like to read sad
stories, don't you?
IB W f I'SVI IIIIIK -t tUTJIBiiM 1
Accept "California" Bjnp ef Flga,
only look for tho nnaoe California oi '
tho package, then you arc sure yotn
child 1 having tho best and most harm; 0
less Inzntlvo or physic for the Uttrs
stomach, liver and. bowels. Cblldrea
love Its delicious fruity teste. Fall
directions for chVid's doee o etefe bot
tle. Give It without fear.
Mother! You must say MCmVIrata.'
Keep Vbu r Eyfes
Clean :ciear HealtrtV
Ws ftrrif jew sup wniiwi
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