The Red Cloud chief. (Red Cloud, Webster Co., Neb.) 1873-1923, November 07, 1918, Image 6

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More Than 8,000 Ncbraskans Who Reg
istered Sept. 12, Will De Summon
ed In November and December.
The first draft from men In the big
mnupowor registration In September
mill will 8, ICO Nobrnskniis to thu col
tors In November and December, Stiito
ll'rovost Marshal Anderson bus an
inoiinced. Nebrnskn has been culloil
upon to furnish 11! per cent of the
'class of IS) ami i!0 and 2 to 30 to go
to training camps during tlio last two
(months of tlio present year. Captain
Anderson said. No announcement Is
inndo at this tlmo as to the dates of
entrnlnmcnt or the camps to which the
laolocts will be iiKslmiud. Nebraska hos
approximately 08,000 uvallables In the
IflrHt class of the new draft ages, Cup
lain Anderson stated.
According to figures compiled by tlio
Omahn Chanibor of Commerce, Ne
'brnskn stands Orst anioiiB all staler
of the union In the ratio of nutoiiio
blles to population, Between Jnniiiiry
1 and July 1 of this year, 107,100 enrs
were licensed, which made ono nuto
jmolille to every 7.0 persons In the
ttnto. Iowa, with .'100,000 cars, Is
second with n percentage of 7.8.
Nebraska grown potatoes when
properly graded arc not inferior In
quality to potatoes grown In surround
ilng states nor do they possess any In
herent weakness which Is likely to
imnkc them Inferior. This sutnnmr
(Ires In brief n report made to the
tato food administrator by 13. Mead
'Wilcox, plant pathologist of the Xe
'brasku experiment station, Lincoln.
' Tim Stute Council of Defense lins
ct nsldo November 14 as registration
(day for nil boys who liavo attained
tlio age of 15 years 7 mouths and up
)to 18 year. Tlio registration consti
tuted membership In the U. S. Boys'
(.Working Reserve. Tho two general
Classes Into which this reservo will ho
(divided Is industrlnl and agricultural.
Heads of tho united war work cam
tpalgn hnvo agreed to Increase tho
(country's quota CO por cent over the
(budget of $170,500,000, tho amount set
ywhen tho drive wus first being plann
ted. This decision means tbut Nebrns
jkn will bo asked to give ?:i,000,000 In
wtad of $2,000,000 during the cam
paign, which will start November 11.
The price of hogs liavo advanced
somewhat on tho South Omaha mar
'bet as a result of the food administra
tion'! announcement of a mlnlmutii
(price of $17.50 per hundred for hogs
iurlng November. During October the
trice went below $17, despite the food
dmlnlstrntlon's efforts to keep It up.
Owing to the Influenza epidemic
jthroughout Nebraska tho Uaptlst state
(convention which had been postponed
,froiu in October to November 0, hns
'now been Indefinitely postponed. It
'nn to have been held at Omahn.
With 05 por clnit of Nebraska's win
ter wheat planted ond benefiting from
(present rnlns, tho state should rnlso
'its bnnnor crop next year, according to
(Professor W. W. Burr, soil expert for
(University of Nebraska.
Tho board of control reports that In
rtho Bcntrlco institute for the feeble
(minded, 137 of tho COO Inmates nre 111
with Influenza, In addition to a mini
fber of members of tho staff and us
.Blstnnts. Madison county boasts of hnvlng
(two ihnjors In tlio U. S. army, both
of whom nro not yet 25 years old. The.
,xnen aro Major Prank Warner and
Major Fred Inglls, both of Norfolk.
Total expanse for running tho stato
ef Nebraskn for the third quarter of
this year nmounted to $2,1:10.515.58.
tNearly $1,000,000 more than wn ex
pended during the second qunrter.
The Madison Chapter of Bed Cross,
Which includes the cities of Madison,
Enoln and Wurnervllle, will flnnuco
two overseas ennteen workers. This
will cost the chapter $2,500.
The Dunhnr Review was forced to
uspend publication temixirnrily when
the editor, Elmer Smith, and his en
tiro family contracted Influenza.
Tho Burlington employees In Box
Butto county bought more than
$75,000 worth of Fourth Liberty Loan
Arrangements aro completo to raise
Nebraska's quota of $.1,000,000 In tho
united war work campaign Nov. 11-18.
By n voto of 52 to 2 citizens of the
IlolmesvUlo school district rejected a
$50,000 school bond proposition.
The Stato Railway commission has
granted the Lincoln Telephono and
Telegraph company authority to In
crenso telephono toll rates 25 per
cent nnd telephono rentals approxi
mately 10 per cent Tho Increases uf
feet 0(1 cities and towns In the state.
Definite announcement hits boon
wndo from ofllclnl sources that Omnlm
will bo a highly Important illvlRlou
point on tho Woodrow Wilson airway,
'which will be maintained for air mall
services nnd other government pur
poses after tho war. "
Tlio Fort Omnlm balloon school Is to
he enlarged to about thrco times Its
present size. Tho number of men to
he trained nt the school )s oxpi cicd to
bo more than doublod. There nre
about 5,000 men nt the fort now.
During October Nebrasitnns used
2,593,450 pounds of sugnr for lmuse
vhold purposes. With Nebraska's
population estimated nt l.HOO.OOO. tho
state Just got under tho two-pound al
lotment, It being tho first time since
sugar certificates were Issued Hint tho
people lived within tlio required quota
for a elnglo month,
Arnold Martin of Du Boib, who liar
become nationally famous through his
success In farming a 20-ncre tract In
Pawnee county, added another laurel
to his crowu when ho won tho sweep
stakes prize for states at the Interna
tional Soil Products exposition In
Kansas City. To win tho trophy ho
had to comtreto with the states of
Kansas, Missouri, Texas, Minnesota,
.South Dakota ami Floilda and two
Canadian provinces.
There is some talk by stato educa
tors of eliminating the Christmas and
spring vocations, and continuing school
on .Saturdays, for tho time lost during
I lie quarantine period. .Somo such ac
tion, It Is said, Is necessary In order to
complete tho required amount of
school work as early as possible to re
lease students for work on tho farms.
Reports reaching state health nu
lliorltles at Lincoln show that the in
tlucnza epidemic over Nebraska la
subsiding. From the time tho disease
appeared In Nebraska up to the last
of October a total of about 50,000
cases had been reported to the stato
board of health.
It Is reported that If oil Is not found
soon In paying quantities In tho Run
ner county oil well, which Is nlready
down over 5,000 feet, woik on a new
well In the lcinlty will bo started, as
promoters of the project have faith in
the presence of oil In the county.
The newly formed Farmers' Union
Potato drawers' association of Sheri
dan county Is making big shipments
of spuds from Gordon, Hay Springs,
Rushvllle, Clinton nnd Sedan and at
each point has storage facilities for
15 or 20 cars.
Tho Dodge County War Service
league, organized for the purpose of
raising and distributing all war funds
with the exception of Liberty loam,
will slart n drive on November 12 to
raise $150.000, which is expected to
last n year.
A bank Is not required to pay a cer
tificate of deposit until the time ex
pires for which the deposit was made,
according to an opinion by Attorney
General Reed made In answor to nn
inquiry from tho American State bank
of Sutherland.
Distribution of tho 1018 home food
cards for Nebraska has been postpon
ed by Stato Food Director Wattles un
til December 1, owing to the Influcnzn
epidemic. In Nebraska 825,000 cards
will bo distributed by school chlldroni
Tho state railway commission has
made known that it will not Insist that
Nebraska telephone companies vlolnto
Director General Burleson's order pro
viding thcro shall bo no phone con
struction except for war emergencies.
Word has reached Fremont of tho
arrival of the 109th Signal battalion,
composed of Fremont and Schuyler
hoys, In France. The battalion has
been htntloned nt Camp Cody for sev
eral months past.
Sheridan county oversubscribed her
quota of the Fourth Liberty loan more
than S200,000. The county's quota was
$525,000. Subscriptions totalled $725.
000. This Is-about $75 for,every man,
womnn nnd child In the county.
Scootts Bluff county won first prize
for the best county exhibit, best col I
lection of cereals, and best collection 1
"f fruit and vegetables shown by a
county at the International Soil Prod
ucts Inhibition at Kansas City.
A Burlington passenger train struck
a cow In the vicinity of Seward the
other day, resulting In the cng no.
baggage, mall and express cars g"lng
Into the ditch. No one was hurt.
A llolsteln cow owned by n Gage
county farmer recently gave '! quarts
of milk a day for n period of one
week, during which time 21 pounds of
butter wero made from the cream.
So far the tate nylum for the In
sane nt Hastings has not had n case of
tin "flu," due, It Is said, to the strin
gent regulations Imposed by Superin
tendent Fast.
December 3 to 5 nre tho dates set
for the twenty-fourth annual conven
tion of the county olllcers of Nebras
ka. The convention will he held nt
I Inst lags.
Union Pacific crop experts say Ne
braska winter wheat acreage will be
20 per cent greater than last year
and the quality of the product will be
Tho largo potato flour mill which is
being built nt Gordon Is expected to
use up all undergrade pntntoos raised
In Sheridan and adjoining counties.
Madison county oversubscribed its
Fourth Liberty Loan quota by approx
imately $110,000. Final subscriptions,
fully settled for, total $1,831,750.
An organization of potato growers
has been formed In Scottsbluft county.
The crop In the county Is exception
ally good this year.
Ono mnn was killed and four Injur
ed when n switch engine kicked Into
n box car from which section woikcn
wore unloading ties, in tho U. P. yards
at Fremont.
Potato crop failure nt all hut two
of tho state Institution' will compel
the State Board of Coatrol to buy
about 0,000 bushels of spuda to supply
tho different Institutions,
A company has beni formed, a
drilling outtlt Is nlready on the ground
and plans aro being made to drill for
oil at Uivcrton.
Threo telephono companies In Ne
braska, tho Palisade, Thedrord and
Union Valley, have petitioned the
Stato Railway commission for permis
sion to Increase tluIr rates.
Governor Neville Inn called up"ii
Director General Mi'Adoo and Finn
Administrator Hoover to raise th
grain embargo at the Omahn terminal,
that has placed Nebraska farmer- "at
the mercy of grain raeculntorR,"
h- "" lll-, f? "" vsmyw we-'-- z?p
l Aerial torpedo, weighing l.k
of we American soldiers who fell la
rccapiurcu irom ine nuns unu estuo
President Wilson Tells Germany
That No Peace Will Be Made
With the Kaiser.
Breaking Up of the Austro-Hungarlan
Empire Seems an Assured Fact
Huns Continue Retreat From
Belgium Yanks In Fierce
Fighting Northwest of
We nro willing to evacuate occu
pied territories and arrange nn
armistice based on the actual
standard of power on both sides In
the field. Our land and scu forces
havo not been been guilty of Ille
gal and Inhumane actions, and we
havo ordered them not to commit
any more such actions. Tho Ger
man government Is now free from
any nrbltrary and irresponsible in
fluence and Is supported by the ap
proval of an overwhelming major
ity of the Germnn people. Ger
many's Note to President Wilson.
Considering the nssurances
given by tho German government,
I cannot decline to suggest to the
allied governments the considera
tion of nn nrmlstlce, which, how
over, must leave the United States
and its allies In a position to en
force tho arrangements made and
to make impossible n renewal of
hostilities by Germany. It appears
to me that the kaiser and his crew
still nre In unimpaired control of
the empire, and If we must deal
with them, now or later, we must
demand, not peace negotiations,
but surrender. President Wil
son's reply to Germany.
The above summarizes briefly but
fairly the diplomatic exchanges of the
week between Berlin and Washington.
Germany's note, evasive, shuflllng nnd
altogether unsatisfactory, was received
with contempt by tho press and people
of the United States and the allied
countries. The pre.sideut and his close
advisers, It was said, were pleased
only with tho Indication that Berlin
waB moving step by step toward full
acceptance of tho allies' terms for an
armistice and peace. Tho Imperial gov
ernment's Indignant denial that its
land and sea forces have committed
outrages was looked on generally as
an Insult to the Intelligence of a world
that knows such outrages have been
committed and, hnvo not yet ceased.
Even whllo protesting ugalnst tho
charges, tho note says orders have
been Issued to discontinue the Inhu
mane practices alleged by President
Wilson In his former note; and the
Huns who arc being driven from Bel
glum nnd northern Franco have not
stopped the ruthless pillaging and
burning of the places they are forced
to evacuate, save In n few Instances.
If tho orders to observe tho rules of
civilized warfare have been Issued,
then there Is nn end of tho contention
of the defenders of the Germnn people
as distinguished from tho Germnn nu
tocrutic government, namely, that the
troops commit outrages only under tho
orders of tho military command. No
observing person can longer doubt that
we ure at war not only with the Ger
man government, but with an Inconsid
erable part of the German people. It
may be that the Germans will over
throw the Hohon7ollorns and all their
gang, but If so, it will bo not becnuso
of tho monstrous crime they hnve com
mitted, but because they have failed
of their criminal purpose. There Is
not In nil Germany one sign of repent
ance. There Is only furious disap
pointment because tho leaders have
not been able to "moke good."
ll cannot be said truthfully that
President Wilson's reply to Berlin
uroiiM-d any wild enthusiasm. Most of
us felt as did Senator Ashurst of Arl
tonii, who said: "I would have told
Germany to go to hell." Less blunt
critics of the president felt that tho
"Iv reply called for was a demand tot
iiiumii. iifeii on ine u-i.vpe uirigiiiie ottlie
x... .... ..,,.-. nhin. 111 inu 01. .1111111-1 tiiim -
IMied as the capital of Belgium.
unconditional surrender and that Mr.
Wilson was losing ground by continu
ing the diplomatic discussion with n
government with which, be very prop
erly declares, the United States cannot
negotiate. There was general appro
val of the latter part of the note, which
pronounced against any peace with the
kaiser, and the rest of It wns praised
by those who saw In It a clever movo
to alienate the Germnn people from
their military leaders. There was no
doubt anywhere of the Tightness of tho
president's alms and Intentions, but
mnny public men feared that his very
admirable detestation of war and his
fondness for writing notes might lead
him Into nn embnrasslng diplomatic
In reassurance, It may be said that
no armistice and no pence will be ar
ranged that are not entirely to the sat
isfaction of Great Britain, Frnnce nnd
Italy, as well as the United States,
nnd that these four utiles have agreed
that Germany must bo required to sur
render. There will be no cessation of
hostilities on tho part of the allies un
til Germnny not only evacuates occu
pied territory, but also gives substan
tial guarantees that will prevent re
sumption of fighting by her; nnd the
entente allies are determined that any
discussions concerning nn armistice
shall tuko Into full consideration tho
sea power, In which they ure predomi
nant. In his delayed reply to tho note, from
Austrla-IIungnry President Wilson In
formed Vienna that events had made
somo of his famous fourteen points
out of dnte, notably that concerning
the nutonomy of tlio oppressed peoples
In the dunl kingdom, since the United
States had recognized tho Independ
ence of the Czecho-Slovnks and the na
tional nsplratlons of the Jugo-Slnvs.
Consequently he could not talk peace
with those points as n basis. Then
followed nn Imperinl manifesto an
nouncing the formation of federal
states In Austria-Hungary; the setting
up of a state of their own by tho Ger
mans In Austria; the creation of a
sovereign state by tho Slovenes, Croat
Vins und Serbs without reference to
present pollt!cnl frontiers, and prog
ress by the Hungarians toward full In
dependence, with reports that they
were about to apply to the entente
governments for terms for a separate
arnilstlco nnd peace. Tho empire of
Charles was fast breaking up, and
there was the greatest depression In
VIennn, where famine threatens and
this authorities are powerless. Conse
quently, according to dispatches, the
Austrian government Is becoming
reconciled to the Iden of unconditional
Agnln, and yet again, tho unduly op
timistic must be reminded that, from a
military point of view, Germany is
still far from being defeated. Though
she Is being forced to relinquish her
grip on Belgium und northern France,
she is conducting her retreat In order
and much in her own way, und though
losing much mntcrlal and thousands
of men, Is carrying off most of her
heavy guns and n great deal of her
supplies, destroying tho bulk of Uioso
left behind. She still has about 100
divisions on the west front, 30 of thorn
being In reserve, and with these, with
the men returned from hospitals nnd
with thoso coming of mllltnry ago she
probably can hold out for many months
on her shortened front The Huns nre
falling back to successive lines of de
fense, plvoHng on tlio positions north
of the Argonno and on the Meuse
heights, and with many thousands of
machine guns In strong positions aro
making the advance of the allies as
dlfllcult and expensive ns possible. Tho
present government of Germany seem
ingly doesn't Intend to give up tho
fight without making n desperate fin
ish, nnd toward tho end of the week it
wns said Ludendorff had drafted a
proclamation to tho peoplo exhorting
them to carry on tho war to tho utmost,
since tlio allies would not grant them
poaco without humiliation,
All week long the Germans con
tinued their withdrawal from Belgium,
sometimes moving rapidly, und nt oth
ers putting up a stouter resistance Jn
order to rescue somo stores or guns.
In being driven from tho Belgian const
some 15,000 Huns wero forced across
the Holland border nnd wero prompt
ly Interned by tho Dutch. Ilulg'a Brit
ish forces, ably seconded by tlio Bel I
Jr,)WBi:;K;ft'V';''' i..i;
Si". v'
l"K!!!;""':,,"'-,' -.vulfrti Neiiitr UUun .
. --v4wW jvywyyyjiajgit) Myj&rVA,
American navy. 2 Graves of some
m. si ueuerai view nr iirii"t-
glnns, tho French and borne American
divisions, drove forward relentlessly
and before the week closed wero chas
ing the Inst of the Huns out of Valen
clennes. To the sou'li of that city, In
the direction of Maulieuge nnd Mons,
the British made a smashing attack,
breaking through the enemy line of de
fense on u wide front nnd threatening
to outflank the lino of the Scheldt
which, further north, had held up the
progress of the allies to some extent.
By cutting the banks of the Scheldt
canal and other waterways the Ger
mans Hooded the country. The cap
ttue of Mons and Maubeuge would be
serious to the Germnns, for those cities,
which are united by n railroad, have
been the principal Germnn concentra
tion nnd supply points on the Ardennes
front. East of Le Ciiteau, where the
Americans are fighting beside the Brit
ish, the allied progress wus rather
The fall of Ghent In tho nenr future
seeming n certainty, the Germans wero
evacuating It ; and the Belgian govern
ment decided to cstnhlNh itself In tin
recovered city of Bruges.
Tiie French In the Laon region
moved forward somewhat, but the ad
vance there was slowed up consider
ably during tho week. In the Cham
pagne the Huns were keeping up the
most determined kind of resistance,
and the Americans In tlio valley of the
Meuso were bearing tho brunt of the
severe lighting. It was the hardest
kind of work, and nt times the Yanks
had to fall back, but always they re
turned to the combat nnd carried their
objectives. Powerfully organized inn
chine gun positions wero encountered
everywhere In Hint region of ravines
and hills and forests, and to take theso
without too much loss it was neces
sary to maneuver past them und at
tack from the flnnks nnd rear. Farther
west, to tho north of Grand Pre, tho
Americans were engaged In equally
severe fighting, hut there, too, they
were slowly overcoming the stubborn
resistance of tho Huns. In this they
were materially nlded by tho big bomb
ing squadrons of the nlr forces which
not only continually harassed the en
emy In the fighting lines but made re
pented raids on his bases and supply i
trains. j
One-fourth of Germany's available
mllltnry strength has been placed In I
the Champagne and Mouse sectors to '
hold back the Americans and French
there, and tho task these allied armies
'are doing, while not showy. Is of tre-'
mentions importance nnd difllculty. !
Tho Huns aro trying desperately to
save the Mezleres-Luxemburg railway
system, on which depend all their
communications in that region. It is
n satisfaction to know that tho Anier- .
lenns are giving a mighty good ac
count of themselves there nnd that,
whllo their own losses nre not small,
those of tho enemy nre vastly larger.
In the nenr East matters progressed
favorably the allies driving the Aus-!
trlnns northward and reaching tho
Danube, on thu Itouuiaiiian border,
thus completing tho Isolation of Tur
key from tho central powers. A fur
ther advance to Orsova will open the
wny for nn invasion of Austria. In
Montenegro tho process of clearing
out tho foo went forward rapidly. At
Krushovntz, In 'the center of Serbia,
German forces were strongly resist
ing the advent of the Serbs toward
Turkey, which is moro than ready
to mako pence, has a new scheme.
Plans nre being discussed to mako
Constnntlneplo n free port nnd dis
mantle tho fortifications of the Dar
danelles on condition that tho allies
gfiaronteo the contlnuanco of Constan
tinople as the capital of Turkey. It
Is also proposed to grant nutonomy to
Arabia, Syria, Armenia ond tho Jew
ish part of Palestine
Tlio Germans seem to delight in vio
lating the. senso of decency of clvWzed
people. Tho lntest example of tWa
propensity Is tho naming of Baron von
dcr Lnuckcn ns head of a commission
of neutral residents of BrussclsSvhlch
1b to Invcstlgato charges of unneces
sary devastation during the retreat
from Belgium. This baron ployed a
lending rolo In tho murder of Edith
Cnvcll, Ignoring tho representations of
Brand Whltlock nnd refusing to savo
tho nurse from death.
General Terrazas Once Owned
200,000 Herd and Million
Acres in Mexico.
-Jow He Lives Quietly In El Paso, Tex.,
Planning Recovery of Estate
Sought Refuge From
l'l Paso, Tex. Each evening nt sun
yet nu old man with silver white hair
and a snowy beard may be seen walk
ing around the pluza taking his dully,
exercise with his two bodyguards.
lie is Gen. Luis Terrazas, octoge
narian exile from Mexico,' who lost vir
tually nil his groat fortune In tho
revolution of Madero und Villa and
now Is foned by political conditions
In the country to live on the bolder.
When the Madero revolution started
In 1011 "Don l.tinls" wmm known nu tluv
entile klllir nf Morlrn. Hlu linrilu num. .
bored more than 200,000 head and
grazed on a thousand hills and plains
of northern Mexico. Ills estates
stretched from the Klo Grande to Chi
huahua City and he could ride for 21
hours by train over his own acres,
which then numbered more than a
Big Business Interests.
From his oillccs in the state capital
General Terrazas governed this vast
cattle empire, conducted u bank und
many other Industries connected with
his cattle business. lie and his largo
family lived In luxury in thu marblo
palace on the Alamadn or at Qulntti
Carollnn. his summer home on tho
plains. Train nfter train of cattle ar
rived nt the border from the Terrazas
Ills annual export averaged 25,000
head, and tho "T-Runnlng-S" brand!
wns us well known nt Mie Chicago,
Wi. .
-Vf s - I
ntrz .
,JL.' -ilfien
Wa3 Forced to Flee From Mexico.
Knnsns City and Fort 'Worth .stock
yards ns It was In Mexico. Tho Ter
razas holdings were estimated to bo
worth J?r,000,000 (gold) but wero not
for sale nt any price.
Now Gi nerul Terrazas and his fam
ily live In a rented house on Goldea.
Hill, lie rides to his oil Ice In nn old
automobile and buys his groceries from
n cash-and-curry store.
Property Confiscated.
Tho revolutionists under Madero,
Orozco and other lenders killed the
Tcrrazns cattle for food, burned his
ranch building nnd looted his stores
,3 !Jlh
nctlng ns commander In the north for
General Carranzn, Issued a decree con
fiscating nil of tho Terrazas holdings,
including the herds, lands nnd personnl
property. General Terrazas was forced
to floo 9;om Mexico before Vllln's ad
vance on Chihuahua City from Juarez.
I7o mado tho long trek to the border
nt OJInnga with the fleeing federal col.
umn. Ho never returned to Mexico.
July 22 Inst General Terrazas cele
brated his eighty-ninth birthday an
niversary, surrounded by his ten sons,
Bcventy-llve grandchildren and mnny
moro relatives, ne maintains nn ofllco
downtown, where ho nttends to ids pri
vato business daily and keeps in closo
touch with cattle and market condi
tions. It is his dream to be permitted to
return to his native hind with suffi
cient guarantees to allow him to begin
over again to re-establish tho Terrazas
Goea Calling; Meets Burglar.
Cleveland. Dudley Field went over
to seo his uncle, C. W. Field, on n re
cent evening. IIo arrived after dark
and when no ono nnswercd tho bell
ho tried the door aTid found it un
locked. Thinking to find Fomeono
within, ho walked In and found tnmo
ono. A renl, live burglar hnd got thoro
first nnd when ho finished beating and
kicking Field Into -unconsciousness ho
gngged him, took his money n'nd got
away. Somo time Inter members of tho
family returned and released him.
( fw
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