Image provided by: University of Nebraska-Lincoln Libraries, Lincoln, NE
About The Red Cloud chief. (Red Cloud, Webster Co., Neb.) 1873-1923 | View Entire Issue (Oct. 24, 1918)
to be Sol
Millions of Acres
Especially in West and
South, Available for
Farm Homes if Prop
0 MAKK purt of the fiirin wealth
of the tuition an assured heritage
of the men who light the nation's
war against (Jerniuny Is the plan
of Secretin. v Lane, who urges a
ust reclamation scheme to meet
the requirements for returning
soldiers after the war.
It Is Secretary Lime's belief
that the time has come when
thought should he glen to the
preparation of plans for providing opportunity
for these men. And because his department has
handled Blmllar problems In the past, he has
made It his duty to bring the matter to the at
tention of the president nnd congress. He points
out that every country has found Itself face to
fnco with this problem at the close of a grent
war. From Rome under Caesar to France under
Napoleon down even to our own Clll war, the
problem arose as to what could be done with the
oldlcrs mustered out of military service.
At the close of the Civil war America fnced a
floniewhat elmllar situation. Hut fortunately at
that time the public domnln offered opportunity
the home-returning soldiers. The great part
thn veterans of that war played In developing
the West Is one of our epics. The homestead
law had been signed by President Lincoln In the
eeeond year of the war, so that out of our wealth
In lands we had farms to offer the military vet
erans. It was nlso the era of transcontinental
railway construction. It waH likewise the period
of rapid, yet broad and full, development of towns
and communities and states.
To the great number of returning soldiers In
the present war land will undoubtedly oiler the
great nnd fundamental opportunity. The ex
perience of wars points out the lesson that our
uervlee men, because of nrmy life, with Its open
ness and activity, will lnrgely seek out of doors
vocations and occupations.
This fact is accepted by the allied Huropean
nations. That is why their programs and poli
cies of relocating and readjustment emphasize
the opportunities on the land for the returning
Idler. The question then Is. "What lnnu can
. l .... It., t.t . n nni fontnnu fnf mp llm.
10 UlllUU IIWIIIIIIIIL- JIM mil" iniiiv -. ".
We have not the bountiful public domains of
the sixties nnd seventies. In a literal sense, for
the use of it on a generous scale for soldier farm
ionics as in the sixties, the public domain Is
one. The official figures nt the end of the fiscal
ar, June 30, 1017, show that we have unnppro-
nted land In the continental united htntos
,0lJio amount of 230,0."7,7fir ncres. It Is safe to
B".that not one-half of this land will ever
Pr(' to be cultivable in any sense. So we have
no 'hd In any way comparable to that In the
Puo1ldomaln when Appomattox came and men
turned West ward with nrmy rifle nnd roll blan
ket towm nfe anew.
Vhlleve do not have that matchless public
domnln if 'fl,-, we do have millions of ncres of un
deve!opednnds In the Northwest, lake states
and South, nnd also swamp lands In the middle
West and jouth, which can be mndo avallabl
through tin proper development. Much of this
lu.ri(L can.. Au..rtmln jiilliilih. tnr fiirm linini'S If
' i ; ,n iimm. .... - --
Hut it will require that each typo of land be
dealt with in Us own particular fashion. The
arid lands will require wnter, the cut-over land
will requlro clentviR and the swamp land must
be drained. Without any of these aids they le
maln largely No M's Land. The solution of
these problems Is no new thing. In the ndmliable
achievement of the reqamatlon service In recla
mation nnd dralnngo ve havo abundnnt proof
of what can be done.
Looking townrd the construction of additional
projects, Sccrotnry Lnno announces thnt plans
and Investigations hnvo been under way for some
time. A, survey and study hnK been In the course
of consummation by tho reclamation servlco on
the great Colorado basin. Thnt project, undoubt
edly, will appeal to tho new spirit of America. It
would mean tho conquest of an empire in the
outnwest it is believed thnt more than 8,000,-
acres or nnu innd could be reclaimed bv the
romplctlon of the upper nnd lower Colorado basin
ft It has been officially estimated thnt more than
30,000,000 acres of Irrigable land now remain In
ho government's hands. This Is the creat re-
ninlng storehouse of government land for reeiH.
"mtlon. Under what policy and program millions
hoso acres could bo reclaimed for future farms
Uu homes remnlns for legislation to determine.
fcLm flrBfl C3v II til tlf I 1 ""fc
i . . v " ' v ii it TIM T . zx .(av sr wv jvttt:' ' I ".'iasM.. viList'
) Mwmfik' , w ' . IW, 'mi HHHBi i ' i
&??$& dfciifwf lilt j5g W?n&Zj&'di' -ti3,
JSb-ZiZ i I M I'll T iW 5s .'.tfS S'-t v's X -" ' a; 'jfr
&&&$&IMtinmk pit) & t'j&j tf
SMfeanaHi - -
IMFBOVED UNIFORM nfTZBtfATIONAft
(Br IlEV. 1. U. FITZWATKIt. D. DH
Tr&ctior of Kngllsh Bible In th Vleodf
Ulbl Institute ot Chicago.)
(CopyrlRht, WIS, Wotorn Newspaper
LESSON FOR OCTOBER 27
-. t i.'
jtos"7 tMtod States available for farming is exten
K tuvo i
Hist how much there 1b hns never been de-
V amount of awntnp nnd cut-over lands In
wis (' hihi noi
t .termina with nnv deirroo of nccurnev. Pmriinni
w A, 0l " ,ltls PRSSC(1 ,nt0 PrJvnto ownership.
JTof thatveason, in considering its use, It would
too necessity t0 work out n I)ollcy j,etween tho
. .private ompioi-s and the government imlocia .
fAn Oil VTIRH ntrnlinoml Tf l,nu linnn ll.....i.i ii .
'hn i "-. "" ui.-i.-ii loiiuimi'u uint
no total nrei 0f swamp and overflowed lnnds In
uiiOA VteH ,8 nctwe(-n "0.000,000 and 80,-
HJ.0O0 acres, pf this amount, about 00,000,000
acres ran be reclaimed and made protltnblo for
The undeveloped swnmp lands He chiefly In
Floiida, In the states along the Atlnntic nnd gulf
roasts. In the Mississippi deltn nnd In Missouri,
Indlnna, Michigan, Minnesota, Wisconsin and
What amount of Innd in Its natural state unfit
for farm homes can be made suitable for cultiva
tion by drainage only thorough surveys nnd
studies will develop. It Is known, however, thnt
authentic figures show more thnn 15,000,000 ncres
hnvo been ivchilmed for profitable farms, most of
which lies In the Mississippi tiver valley.
The amount of cut-over lands In the United
Stnten, of course, It Is Impossible even In ap
proximation to estimate. These lands, however,
lie largely In the south Atlantic nnd gulf s'tntes,
lake states and the Northwestern states. A rough
estimate of their number Is about 200,000.000
acres that Is, of land suitable for agricultural
development. Substantially nil of this cutover or
logged-olT land Is in private ownership. Tho fail
ure of this land to be developed is largely duo
to Inadequate method of nppronch. Unless n
now policy of development Is worked out In co
operation between the federal government, tho
states and the Individual owners a greater part
of It will remnln unsettled nnd uncultlvnted.
The undeveloped cut-over lands lie chiefly In
the Pacific Northwest (particularly In Washing
ton and Oregon), In the lake states (Minnesota,
Michigan and Wisconsin), and in tho south At
lantic and gulf costal states (Virginia, North nnd
South Carolina, Coot-gin, Florida, Alabama, Mis
sissippi, Louisiana and Texas).
Any plan for the development of land for tho
returning soldier will comn face to face with tho
fact thnt a new policy will have to meet tho new
conditions. The era of free or cheap land In the
United States has passed. We must meet tho
new conditions of developing lnnds In advance
security must, to ti degree, displace speculation.
There are certain tendencies which must bo
fnced frankly In our consideration of n policy for
land to the home-coming soldier. First, the drift
to farm tendency. The experience of tho world
shows without question thnt the happiest people,
the best farms and the soundest political condi
tion nro found where the farmer owns tho homo
nnd tho farm lnnds. Tho growth of this ten
dency in America shows an lncrenso of 32 per
cent for tho 20 years between 18D0 and 1010.
Second, tho drift to urban life. In 1880 of the
total population of the United Stutes, 20.5 per
cent of our people resided in cities nnd 70.fi per
cent In tho country. At the census of 1010, -10.3
per cent resided In cities and r3.7 per cent re
mained In tho country.
It is evident thnt since the war In Europe there
hns been a decided Increase In thn trend townrd
the city because of Industrial conditions. The
adoption by the United States of new policies in
Ita land development plans for returning vet
erans will nlso contribute to the amelioration of
these two dangers of American life,
A plan of Innd development whereby land is
developed In largo nrens, subdivided Into indi
vidual fnnnB, then sold to actual, bonnildo farm
ers on a long-time payment basis, has been In
force not only In tho United States under tho
reclamation act but also In many other countries
for several years. It has proved n complete suc
cess. In Dcnmnrfc, Ireland, Now Zealand and tho
Australian commonwealth it has completely
changed the land situation. One of the features
of this plan Is thnt holders are aided In Improv
ing and cultivating tho farm. In u word, there
Is organized community development.
Its heiiellclnl results have been well described
by the Canadian commission which was ap
pointed to Investigate Its results In New Zealand.
There, tho commlsslou reported, thu farmers linu
built better houses or remodeled their old ones,
brought n lurger acreage of lund under cultiva
tion that would otherwise liuve remained
lying Idle; had bought and urged more labor-saving
machinery on the farms and in the houses.
They kept more sheep und pigs and had so large
ly increased the revenue from their farms that
they were able to uieet thu pigments ou thu
mortgages and to adopt a higher standard of
living und a better one, Throughout thu country
a higher and better civilization wns being
evolved; the young tuea und women who were
growing up were happy und contented to re
main ut home on the farm nnd found ample time
and opportunity for recreation and entertulnmeut
of n kind more wholesome und elevating tluiti can
be obtained In the cities.
It may bo said that this country, outside of
Alaska, lias uo frontier today. Of course, Alusku
will still offer opportunity for pioneer life. And,
of course, Ahibkn likewise hns jet uuknown re
markable ugrlcultuial possibilities, but unless we
mnke posslblo the development of this laud by
tho men who deslie a life In thut Held we will lose
n grout national opportunity. Furthermore, this
is un immediate dutj. It will he too late for
these things when the war is over, and the work
of definite planning should bo done now.
The plan outlined by Secretary Lane does not
contemplate anything like charity to the soldiers.
lie is not to be given a bounty, lie Is not to be
mndo to feel that he Is u dependent. On thu
contrary, he is to continue, In u sense, In thu
service of the government. Instead of destroying
our enemies, he Is to develop our resources.
The work thnt is to be done, other than tho
planning, should bo done by tho soldier himself.
The dam or Irrigation project should be built by
him; the caiuils, dltihes, tho breaking of tho
Innd, nnd the building of tho houses should, un
der proper direction, bo his occupation, lie
should bo allowed to iiiuko his own home, cared
for while he is doing It. and given an interest in
the hind, for which he can pay through u long
period of ears perhaps 150 or -10 jours.
Tho farms should not bo turned over as tho
prairies were unbroken, unfenced, without nc
conimodntlons for men or nntmals. There should
bo prepared homes, nil of which can bo construct
ed by tho men themselves nnd paid for by them
under a system of simple devising by which
modern methods of tlimnco will be upplled to
THE VOICES OF BULLETS.
One hundred steps nioro would havo brought
me inside of Cnntlgny. Hut I wns doomed never
to enter Cnntlgny; Just then I went Into n shell
hole. Tho reasons that made me drop into tho
shell hole were, I think, two. For one, there was
In the crater n wounded boy, n boy shot through
the shoulder, together with three hospital corps
men who wero starting to dress him, and I went
In with some vnguo ider. of offering help.
Hut nlso something was nfter me by that time.
I had not noticed It nt llrst; that Is, when Unally
I became aware of it, it was tho knowledge that
It had been going on fur quito v. whllo. Llttlo
"zips" wero passing by mo; small, short whispers,
haidiy .."nlnlng tho volume- of sound, and gono
almost before they were board discrete, quick,
llttlo zips like tho lighten of pencil strokes zip,
zip, zip, nnd zip.
Now und then, though. Just as brief, one
reached it higher volume of sound, something llko
a short cat meow, but moro resonant. Pee-n-oo-oow!
thus n spiteful cry. Some sharpshooter
vvno after mo, some nmhiished Bocho who did not
approve of Collier's Weekly. That is really why
I dropped Into tho shell hole, I think not so
very much to help the three hospital corps men.
Jnrnes Hopper In Collier's.
ISAAC'S MARRIAGE TO REBECCA.
L.KSSON TEXT-Gcnesln 14.
GOLDEN TKXT-Let not mercy end
truth forsake thee: . . . Ho Hhalt thou nnt
fvor and rood umtcrritamllnf; In the
tKht of God And mnn Provrrba S-5-4
i:22-33. 1 Thennalonlnrm 4:13-111.
ADDITIONAL MATDIUAL. 1X311
TKACHKIlS-aeneaU 2S:1-14; Irovbn
I. Abraham's Solicitude for a Wife
for Isaac (vv. 1-0).
Ho know that Isaac's success In Uf
would much depend upon what kind of
a wife he should have. Miui'h welfuro
In this life and that to como lnrgely
depends upon his wife. For Isnac to
have an Idolatrous, Cnnannltlsh wlfo
would bo fatal to his posterity, would
subvert tho plan of Cod as expressed
In his covenant with Abraham. It
would havo been perilous to Isaac him
self. To hnvo married n woman In
that land would have mndo him In n
senso nn heir to the Innd through mnr
rlage, and would hnvo tended to di
vert his mind from tho heirship
through tho covenant promise.
1. The Servant's Oath (vv. 2-1).
Abraham committed to his trusted
sorvnnt the matter of securing a wife
for Isaac; therefore, he mndo him
Bvvcur that he would go to Abruhntn'a
country nnd kindred to get n wife for
him. Ho doubtless regnrded his serv
ant more competent to select n wife
thnn Isnnc was to select ono for him
self. 2. The Extent of the Servant' Re
sponsibility (w. 0, 8). Before the serv
ant would take the oath he must havo
clearly defined tho extent of hla re
sponsibility. If tho womnn would re
fuse, tho lnvitntlon, tho servant would
be clonr of responsibility. Tho trlnlB
ters obligation ends when hb hns
earnestly and Intelligently mndo known
to sinners the will of God.
3. ThB Servant's Helper (v. 8).
Abrnhnin assured him that God would
send his nngel to mnke the mission
successful. Tho servant found this to
be true. God sends his Holy Sfllrlt to
mnke tho messngo of tho minister suc
cessful. II. Tho Servant's Obedience (w.
1. Ha Took Ten Camels (v. 10).
These were to carry presents to tho
bride, nnd to conduct her and her com
panions back to his master.
2. His Prayer for Guidance (rv. 12
14). Ho asked that tho Lord would
guide him to the woman whom he had
chosen for Isnnc. Earnest prayer for
guidance should bo wudo In tho selec
tion of a wife.
3. His Prayer Answered (vv. 15-27).
Bcforo ho hnd done praying, the nn
Bwcr wns realized to bo In tho process
of fulfillment. Tho nnswer wun ac
cording to the request, even la the
matter of fulfillment. God does defin
itely answer prayer.
4. The Servant's Message (vv. 83
40). The Lord hnd prospered thje old
sorvnnt's wny. Ho now wan foe to
face with Rebecca. Supper wns heady,
hut the delivery of his message was
moro Important to him thnn eating
when ho was hungry, no said, "1 will
not eat till I havo said my errand."
Good were It If nil ministers wow ne
much Interested In delivering tho good
news In Christ. (1) nis master was
rich (v. 3f). God Uie Ileavcnly Father
Is rich. Tho sliver nnd gold ami, the
cattle upon a thousand hills are all hla.
(2) All his riches have been gtven to
his son (v. 30). All tho riches of heav
en, God tho Father has given to Jesus
Christ, his son. (3) Opportunity wns
given Rebecca to become the wife of
Isaac (v. 49). Ho not only gave tho
opportunity, hat ho urged her to ac
cept tho Invitation.
III. Rebecca's Relatives B(glna
for Postponement of Action (V. M).
They did not object to her going
Bomotlmc, but they desired thnt oho
postpone action for n time. What folly
to remnln and water sheep when sho
had tho opportunity to become tho
bride of a rich man's son.
Whrft folly for sinners to remain
servants In tho world when thoy have
tho privilege of becoming tho bride of
IV. Rebecca's Glorious Decision, (r.
When tho decision wnB referred to
Rebecca sho oalQ, 'tf will go." Good
judgment would not allow her to re
fuse nor delay.
V. The Meeting of Isaao and Re
becca (w. 04-07).
Isnnc was waiting for tho return of
tho servant with tho woman who was
to bo his wlfo. Isaac was Joined to
her In marriage, loved her, and was
comforted In her after his mother's
WOMAN IS HELD
Mpdium Is Arrested on Chargo
of Urging Children to
Los Angeles. Ilccauso sho Is alleged
to havo dealt In witchcraft with tho
two minor children of William S. Holo
inon, n storekeeper, urging them to
Hteal money from their pnrentn with
which to pay the "spirits" to bring
nbout tho reconciliation between moth
er and father, Matilda Welsman, a
spirit medium, has been taken into
custody nnd Is being held pending an
Investigation. Sho has been charged
Rim Wmx&$& '
I II III! II JivJil i v ")iS
There Were Ten-Cent Spirits.
with contributing to the delinquency ot
Morris Solomon, twelve yenrs old, and
his sister, Hattle, ten years old.
Ki.s. Welsman is said to havo In
duced tho two children to go to the
storo of their father and tako tho
money from tho cosh drawer. It Is al
leged that tho medium had arranged a
regular schedulo of prices with tho
children "for keeping the bad splrltn
iivvny" from the Solomon household,
and for prevailing on the "respectable
splrltB" to effect a reconciliation be
tween their father and mother, who
havo been separated for somo time.
Evidence gathered from tho stories
told to tho police by thu children read
like a chapter from tho Orient. For,
different spirits the medium la alleged
to have had different prices. Thero
wero "ten-cent" spirits nnd "three-tlmcs-QOcont"
spirits, tho children dis
closed. On Saturdays tho "spirits" de
manded 75 cents to be appeased.
Although tho children and their
mother desired a reconciliation, tho
nplrlt medium was said to havo In
formed Morris and Hnttio that tho best
way to bring It nbout was through the
father's cash drawer. They confessed
that they had extracted money from
their father's till for two mouths, giv
ing It to Mrs. Welsman.
WHITE DOORKNOB FOOLS
Albnny, Gn. Discovering thnt
snnkes wero eating the "nest
eggs" where his hens wero lay
ing, J. P. Gill replaced tho Ini
tial eggs with white doorknobs.
A Hiuiko was soon found which
hnd Bwnllovved ono of tho knobs
but could not "got nwoy with It"
The reptile was slain and tho
doorknob replaced In tho nest.
DECIDE THEY'LL GO TO WORK
Long Sentences for Two Idle Girls Get
Results In Atlanta Work
house. Atlanta, Ga. "You can't raako na
work," declared Nelllo Atkins and Ruth
Warf, both seventeen years old, sen
tenced to work at the stockade. And
they punctured their remarks by break
ing out window panes. Tho girls again
faced tho recorder.
"Thirty days more," said Judge John
son. "It Is Just possible thnt wo can't
tnukc you work, but wo can keep re
new Ing your sentence."
The girls thought It over. Thoy are
now Industriously occupied In tho
8plrlt of Christ
The longer you read tho Rlblo the
moro you will like It; It will grow
sweeter and sweeter; tho moro yon
get Into tho spirit of It tho moro you
will get Into tho spirit of Christ Ro-xnulne.
An Old Man Fights.
Kansas City, Mo. For tho third
time In eight yenra John Rlggs, sov-cnty-ono
yours old, of Kansas City,
Kan., was held up tho other night
Two negroes attempted to rob him,
but they wero given tho satno lesson
thnt their predecessors on tho samo
mlsslou had learned, that Rlggs la
somo fighter. The extra highwayman
was moro than Rlggs had been accus
tomed to contend with, and although
he successfully defended his valuables
Dr. n. L. Rieger was later called uponi
to give him treatment at police hcauV
The Cross Is Peace.
The Cross la pcaoo, aiih that sums up tb
Th Crown Is joy and that air future
To Keep Off Evil Spirits.
Highland Park, 111. Togo Serlkawa,
n butler by profession, and a Japanese
by Instinct was found recently ono
morning under the bed of Mrs. J. D.
Purdy of this town. Mr. Purely, dis
turbed by sounds uncanny, found him.
Togo looked surprised when Purdy
demanded an explanation.
"I sloop under tho bed every night to
I need but elrnpU faith, faith that ahaU keep evil spirits uwuy," was his ex-
Tho hopo that liberate and orercom'S.
planatlon which, strungo to say, did
Powered by Open ONI