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About The Red Cloud chief. (Red Cloud, Webster Co., Neb.) 1873-1923 | View Entire Issue (Dec. 24, 1914)
RED CLOUD, NEBRASKA, CHIEF
- p .- jft,mtim W1.WP .
,1V r !
Til frrnfirlfntlinra rllrl nrtf trlvn tin SFifl
01 each for the prlvilcgo of upending
I Now Year's evo In crowded restaur
ants. Neither did thoy, at tho Btroko
I of twelve, put on caps of colored
I paper, ring cow bells, and throw con
Ifettl at strangers. Yet wo, who ridl-
culo their traditions and superstitions,
can find, it seems, no moro satisfac
tory way In which to speed the old
year and welcome tho now.
Perhaps wo might profitably follow
their example Certainly their way of waiting for
tho now year at homo, or at tho homo of their
friends, with games and songs and domestic cheer,
was less expensive than our way. Also It is a
matter for regret that tho pleasant customs of
paying Now Year's calls and of giving Now Year's
presents has disappeared. All tho ritual of tho day
Is gone; even tho newsboy brings only a prosaic
calendar nowadays, Instead of the claborato poetic
address which in years gone by Bet forth bis
claims on tho world's generosity. And New Year's
resolutions exist chiefly In tho imagination of hu
Now, It la true that the apparently harmless
customs of paying calls and giving presents on
Now Year's day were not regarded with favor by
all critics of morals and manners. Early in the
eighteenth century Henry Dourne, M. A., "curate of
the parochial chapel of All Saints', In Newcastle
upon Tyne," wrote "Antlquitates vulgares, or
the antiquities of the common people, giving an
account of their opinions and ceremonies, with
proper reflections upon each of them; shewing
which may bo retained and which ought to be
laid aside." And he felt that bo must be very
careful indeed with his discussion of New Year's
colls and Rifts. Ho approved of them, in modera
tion; but ho wanted to be on the safe sido.
"As tho vulgar are always very careful to end
the old year well," ho wrote, (pointing his satire
by means of Italics,) "so they aro also careful of
beginning well tho n v ono. As they end the
former with a hearty compotatlon, so they be
gin the latter with the sending of presents, which
are termed New Year's gifts to their friends and
acquaintances; the original of both which cus
toms is superstitious and sinful; and was observed
that the succeeding year might bo prosperous
He calls many writers to witness the antiquity
of these customs, quoting from Bishop Stllllngflcet,
Claus Wormius, Scheffer, "Snorro Sturleson," and
"the poet NaogeorguB." Then ho writes: "And no
doubt, those Christians were highly worthy of
censure, who Imagined, as the heathens did, that
the sending of a present then was in any way
lucky, and an omen of tho success of tho following
year. For this was the very thing that made sev
eral holy men, and somo general councils, take
notico of, and forbid any such custom; because the
observanco of It, out of any such design and view,
was superstitious and sinful, wo aro told, In a
place of Bt. Austin, the observation of the calends
of January Is forbid, the songs which were wont
to be sung on that day, the feastlngs, and the
presents which wero then sent as a token and
omen of a good year. But to Bend a present at
that time, out of esteem, or gratitude, or charity,
Is no whero forbid.
"On tho contrary, It is praiseworthy. For the
ancient fathers did vehemently Inveigh against the
observations of the calends of January; yet It
was not because of those presents and tokens of
mutual affection and love that passed; but because
the day Itself was dedicated to Idols, and because
of somo prophane rites and ceremonleB they ob
served in solemnizing It.
"If then 1 send a Now Yenr's gift to my friend,
tt shall bo a token of my friendship; if to my bene
factor, a token of my gratltudo; if to the poor
(which at this tlmo must never bo forgot) it shall
bo to make their hearts sing for Joy, and give
pralBO and adoration to tho giver of all good gifts."
At any mto, wo still say "Happy New Year!"
whether or not tho words havo any special sig
nificance to us. In tho tlmo of tho learned Bourne
thoro wero those who regarded this phraso with
deep suspicion. Ho writes: "Another old custom
at this tlmo is tho wishing of n good Now Year,
cither when a New Year's gift is presented, or
when friends mpct. Now, tho original of this
custom Is heathenish, as appears by tho feasting
and presents before mentioned, which were a wish
for a good year, and It was customary among tho
heathens on tho calends of January, to go about
and Blng a .Now Year's song. Hosplnlan, there
fore, tells that when night comes on, not only tho
young, but also tho old of both sexes, run about
here and there, and sing n song at tho doors of
the wealthier people, in which thoy wUh them a
happy New Year. This ho speaks Indeed of tho
Christians, but be calls "it an oxact copy of tho
"But, howover, I cannot see tho harm of retain
ing this ancient ceremony, bo it bo not usod Buper
stltlously, nor attended with obscenity and lewd
ness. For tbon thoro will bo no more harm) than
wishing a good each othors welfare and prosper
ity; no mok-o harm, than wishing a good day, or
good night; than In bidding ono godspoed." ,
In Philadelphia there has been preserved up
- to recent years tho custom of Now Year's "mum
ming" Boys and girls men and women also, to
somo cxtctot dressed In fantastio clothes and with
their faces painted or masked, could bo seen In
v tho streets, up to recently, begging and playing
practical JokeB. They" did Blmllar things In eight
eenth century London, by no-means to the approv
al of the curato of tho parochial chapel of All
BatntB In Nowcaatle-on-Tyne. . Ha writes: "There
MBi i ni$i!$liKFJK&' etBw. 'iaaaa
l J& i&kjtyz&$&te$i'4 " W i vMaaaaaal
BBaweaaBaflai" T7 A
Is another custom observed at this time, which 1b
called among us mumming; which'1 Is a changing
of clothes between men and women; who when
dressed in each others' habits go from ono neigh
bor's house to another, and make morry with
them In disguise, by dancing and singing, and
such llko merriments. It wero to be
wished this custom which is still so common
among us at this season of tho year were laid
aside; as It Is directly opposite to tho word of
It is possible that "mumming" is related In
somo way to tho performance which marked "Hog
manay" in England and Scotland. "Hogmanay"
was tho last day of the year. Somo scholars think
the word comes from the Greek "agla mono,"
("holy month"); others from tho Saxon "hallg
monath," which has tho same meaning; still others
from the French phraso "Au gui menez" ("to tho
mistletoe go!") which mummers anciently cried
in Franco at Christmas, or from "Au gueux
menez," ("Bring to tho beggars!"). Whatever the
origin of tho word may be, Hogmanay was the
time for much amateur begging.
The children went from house to house, singing
such songs as:
Give us of your white bread,
But none of your grey,
Give us cake and cheese, and let us go
As they sang they collected what they called
their "farls" oaten cake and cheese. From this
developed the "letting In" of the new year. Par
ties of men and boys went through the town. They
stopped at the front door of every houso and sang
until they were admitted. Then they received a
small gift of money, went through tho house and
left by the back door. That a man should bo the
first visitor of tho year was a general belief In
the British isles for centuries, nor 1b It yet ex
tinct. In Scotland tho ceremony of "flrst-fooilng" has
almost entirely died out, but in some of the re
moter parts of that country 'It Is pleasantly re
membered. At tho approach of 12 on Now Year's
eve a "hot pint" was prepared. ThlB was a kettlo
of warm spiced or sweetened alo, with a liberal
Infusion of spirits. When tho clock struck, every
member of tho family drank to the new year.
Then tho elders of tho family went out Into tho
street, carrying tho kettlo, of spiced alo and a
supply of buns, cakeB, bread, and cheeso. When
thoy met a party of friends similarly engaged,
they stopped to exchango greetings and sips of
ale. They went to tho houses of their neighbors,
sent tho kettle from friend to friend, and spent
tho hours boforo dawn in sociability and good
cheer. If thoy wero tho first to enter a houso after
twclvo o'clock they wore tho "first-foot" and re
ceived especial favor.
In England, tho first-footing pnrties wero mado
up generally of tho poor boys of tho village, who
carried a "wassall-bowl" decorated with ribbons,
and received in return for their proffered drinks
and good wishes, cakes and cups of alo. But in
Scotland as recently ns 100 years ago first-footing
was a democratic social institution, in which few
were too proud to sliaro. Tho principal streets
of Edinburgh, it Is said, wero more crowded be
tween twelve and ono on Now Year's day morning
than at noon on business days.
A Btmplo ceremony, not yet obsolete, consisted
In unbarring the front door as the clock struck
twelve, to let tho old year out and tho new year
in. In tho Island of Guernsey tho children paraded
the streets carrying tho cfllgy of a man, emble
matic of tho dying year. This thoy buried at
midnight on tho seashore, with elaborate ritual.
At Burghhcad In Morayshire, they kept New
Year's eve by "Burning tho clavlo." Thoy mado
huge piles of herring barrels, and set fire to them
with peat. Tho burping embers tbey carried homo
to their houses as a protection against whatever
evils the year might bring.
OnjNow Year's day the Scotch of bygone gen-
eratlons believed no fire should go out ot tho,
bouse. If it wero given, misfortune might bo pre
sented by throwing burning poat Into a tub. of
Thoro is something suggestive of the Russian
Easter in one "first-footing" custom once popular
in Scotland and England. Tho first visitor to a
house on Now Year's morning had tho privilege ot
klBBtng the person that opened tho door. Perhaps
thoro is a reminiscence of ancient Are worship 1
tho Shropshire custom of stirring the fire on New
Year's morning before uttering a word.
Although there are fow houses whore New
Year's day Is observed with its oldtlmo hospital
ity, tho day is not wholly divorced from the
thought of good things to rat. Tho ridiculous New
Year's evo dinners in tho Broadway restaurants
havo no special significance, but thero aro ccrtnln
dishes inseparably associated with tho day.
Ono of theso Is roast goose, which is perhaps
moro liked In England than America. But even
moro characteristic are those admirable little
cakes which come from Germany, and which are
Imported In tin boxes. German cooks have made
them for centuries, have lavished their time and
energy on new designs nnd now flavors, and the
result is a cake so excellent that it must always
be tho special delight of tho Now Year feast. This
point of ritual, surely, must bo left us.
So excellent is tho German New Year's cake
that it cannot bo used for a charm, llko tho New
Year's evo cake of Ireland. For this was thrown
against the wnll and broken into pieces. The first
fragment to touch tho ground was eagerly sought,
for he who nte it was suro of a year's happiness.
Thero was much pleasure In tho baking of the
cake. It was placed on n gridiron before tho open
Are, nnd Incantations were sung to secure the sue
cess of tho charm.
THE CALL OF THE NEW YEAR
A Christian man sat In tho Master's presence
thinking of tho coming of the new year. It was
a good but solemn thing to do. The man's
thoughts in that presence ran thus: "Seeing him
I am suro that every year Is 'the year of our
Lord.' It ought to be 'begun, continued and
ended in him.' He will be with me all tho days.
My days must bo in his hands." The Christian
man continued his meditation nlways In his pres
ence, "What sort of man ought I to be, this year
and all years 7" Tho answer camo out of an old
word which had new meaning, in his presence:
"Complete In him." Again ho Cukod: "What kind
of work ought I to do thlB year and all years T"
Tho centuries fade away and be seems to bear
again: "Whatsoever bo saith unto you do it." He
asked again: "Where shall I go to bo his man and
do his work?" Once more old words leap into
now times: "To your household, to your neighbor,
and to all tho world." "How can I do all UiIb?"
"Tho entrance of his word gtveth light," therefore
givo yourself to Biblo study; "not by might nor
by power but by my Spirit, saith the Lord o!
hosts," thoroforo givo yourself to prayer; "I can
do nil things through Christ,"' theroforo givo your
self to work; "in all things he shall havo the pre
eminence," therefore give yourself to hlra. And
tho man arose from tho meditation to mako the
now year and all years, ycarB of tho Lord. And
tho Master aroso and went with tho man. Bishop
His Only Potseoslon.
Al KoKcrs whs traveling through n
loin I v Kcctlou In (lie miburlm of llos
ton ono night, a itlmit whllo ago, ulioii
ho was staitlcil by hearing UiIh jilti"
"Will tlii' kind gentleman please
help a poor unfortunate man? I "
At this point Al felt to locate his
watch. The other continued
"I have uothlu' In the woihl but this
The Drummer's Work.
"Au tlicHu moving pictures of the
war a u th en tic?"
"Of ruti i so. All lint tin ruiiibto of
nrtillcry. That's Imitated by the
u ouuu. v I
"What's tliii matter with my labor
"They won't work."
food is made of Van
Houtcn's Rona Cocoa
instead of grated or
Use less cocoa. Half
pound red can
Yes, waiting for every farmer or farmer's
son any Industrious American who is
anxious to establish for himself a happy
home and prosperity. Canada's hearty in
vitation this year is more attractive than
ever. Wheat is hiKher but her farm land
just as cheap and In the provinces of Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Alberta
ICO Acra Homesteads ara Actually Fraa to Stttlers and
Other Land at From $15 to $20 per Acra
The people of European countries as well as the American continent
must be fed-thus an even greater demand for Canadian Wheat will keep
up the price. Any farmer who can buy land at $15.00 to $30.00 per acre
-get a dollar for wheat and raise 20 to 45 bushels to the acre it bound to
make money that's what you can expect in Western Canada. Wonder
ful yields also of OaU, Barley and Flax. Mixed Farming is fully as prof
itable an industry as grain raising. The excellent grasses, full of nutrition,
are the only food required either for beef or dairy purposes. Good schools,
markets convenient, climate excellent
Military service it not compulsory In Canada but there It an unusual demand for farm
tnbor to replace the many younu men who have volunteered lor aervlco mUowtr.
Write for literature and particular at to reduced railway rates to Supenotesuest
imniigraiKia, uimwi, wanaua; ur iu
W.V. Benne(t,220l7fh St., Ream
4. Deo DfclldiBB, Omaha, Nebr.
Canadian Goverment Aneart?
MODERN LIVING COMES HIGH
Observer Think There Are Too
Many "Necessities" In Demand
at the Present Time.
"Ono of tho reaBoiiH for tho cost of
living," observes a wise clubman,
"lies In the fact that people buy
wholly unnecessary things. I hnd a
convocation with tho proprietor of a
novelty jBhoi) In Fifth nvenuo a fow
days ago. A shiny object had attract
ed my attention, ami I required about
" 'Those,' said the proprietor, 'are
glided plneers to pick up luttors ono
haa placed on tho letter-scales.'
"'Ami that Ivory stick, carved nnd
forked ut tho end?'
" Teoplo use that to fish out things
they have dropped into carafes.'
" 'That squaro of morocco, about
tho size of a nut what is that for?'
" 'That'H a tampon used to press
down stamps after sticking them on
" 'That ornamental box with a whole
battery of llttlo bri'shoB?'
"'Those aro to clean other brushes;
brushes to clean hair-brushes, brushes
to cleau tooth-brushes.' " New York
THE NEW YEAR.
Julia Ward Howo was no bollover In Now Year's
resolutions. "Wo should mako and keep good
resolutions all the year round," tho celebrated
author once said in Iloston. "I nm no great be
t llever in New Yearvs vows, for, although thoy are
' eplendld things, thoy really don't amount to much
more than Oliver Wendell Holmes' tobacco rcso
"Mr. Holmes, with affected gravity, said to a
friend on tho first day of tho year: 'I really must
not smoke so persistently; I must turn over a
new leaf a tobacco loaf and havo a cigar only
after each' -hero ho paused ns if to Bay 'meal,'
but ho continued 'after each cigar.'"
A CASUAL OBSERVATION.
"We aro living In an ago of exceptional cul
ture," said tho woman with angular features. '
"Mobbe wo aro," said Farmer CorntoBsol. "Dut
J can't help notlcln' that people walk right up to
tho news stand to buy aorao pretty fluffy etuff,
whilo it takes a mighty good book agent to work
off a set of Shakespeare."
Some ot tho Indian princes havo
given over two million dollars apleco
to Hrltaln for tho war. llosldo such
gifts, tho glftB of London business
millionaires seem small. ,
"In fact," said Jamea Douglau, in an
Interview, "In fact, tho gifts of tho
nizam of Hyderabad and tho mnhara
Jah of Mysoro nnd tho gaekwar of Ha
oda givo our English merchant
prlnceB, wbo owo England bo much
more, a look of avarice; and you
know the definition ot avarice.
"Avarice, llko a graveyard, takes in
all it can get, and novcr gives any
Why Thomas Concurred.
Whack, whack, whack! Tommy was,
undergoing a painful punishment at
tho hands of his loving mother for eat-Ing-tlio
"Tommy," Bhe Bald Borlously, when
she was forced to pauso, "this hurts
mo far more than It does you."
And when Tommy was alone with
his brother ho produced a square
board ho had concealed, and thought
"I thought all along that bit of wood
wouldn't do her any good!"
At the First Signs
Of falling 'hair got Cuticura. It
works wonders. Touch spots of dan
druff nnd itching with Cuticura Oint
ment, and follow next morning with a
hot shampoo of Cuticura Soap. This
nt oncn arrests falling hair and pro
motes hair growth. For free sample
each with 32-p. Skin Book, address '
poBt card: Cuticura, Dopt. X, Boston.
Sold everywhere. Adv.
Seeking Worthy Objects.
"DodBWorth tells me that be is a
"That's Just what ho is. Before of
fering a dime to a beggar Dodsworth
asks him bo many disagreeable Ques
tions that tho poor devil is glad to es
capo without tho dime."
The Peeling Kind.
"Mamma," said a little boy. "tho
place whero I got stung last Sunday
down at Uncle Jim's is nil peeling
Brother Bruce took a look at tho
"That's ho," ho grinned, "I guess
you must have been stung by a husk
"Tho English aro queor people."
"You think so?"
"Yes. In tlmo of poaco thoy treated
Tommy Atkins with contempt nnd
I mado him sore, and- now In tlmo of
war thoy treat him with so much good
liquor that they mnke him drunk."
"Have you heard uuythlng nbout
the fall fashions as yet?"
"Not ns to how tho gowns will bo
made. I suppose tho girls are bound
to wenr cartridge belts, of course."
Marble to Retain.
Knlcker Joiicb has a remarkable
Bockor Wonderful; ho romomborH
a winter that wasn't Just llko this,
Fow of tho mon who aro willing to
?lve-you a recommendation would give
you n Job.
Important to Mothers
Rxnrninn cnrnfullv nvnrv Tnnttl nf
CASTORIA, a safe and sure remedy for
Infants and children, and see that It
Signature of (&&Z7ee2u&U
In Uso For Over 30 Years.
Children Cry for Fletcher's Cutoria
"Is ho a good lawyer?"
"I should iiy he Is. He's acquitted
somo of our most notorious criminals."
yorjR own nncooitwixTKo, too
Trr Marine Uyo KerondTtor lUd, WakkT WtUfT
Kjus and Urunulauxl Bjolldai No Hmaruar-.
Iutl !Sr comfort. Wrllo (ur liook ot the Brya
j mall Krue. Murluo Kje Itomvdr Co.. CUloaa
You nover believe a man when be
flatters you, but you like to bear It
Just the same.
Cut out cathartics nnd purgatives. They
uiULUif uaiDiii uimcic9aijr a J
Purely vegetable. Act.
gently on tne
soot ho the delicate
acht tat InJIfeitlon, tt millions kotw.
SMALL PILL, SMALL DOSE, SMALL PRICE.
' Genuine must bear Signature
and .BBB7BS bhiwi e-
0T af- ' ' " I
LOSSES SURELY PREVEHTa
to Cttttr'o OlMklw Plllt. Idv
rrlced. fmh, nlUUtol pnrtmd t
WMtcrn lockman. mmum tt
pniHi antra ewtr tuoiim nil.
Writs far booklet and (oUmooitli,
lO-dOM pk. BtMtltf Mill 11.00
ouuom biuum run .uo
11m any Injector, tut Cutter txtt.
Ttit uperiortty or Cutter broducu 1 dne to ottr II
r di iptcMiuina- in vaoeiau ana ttruiat eaiy.
lailit ta Cutter's. If unobtainable, aider direct.
yean of pecUiliin in yanlaea aad ttruiat taly,
lailit aa Cutter'a. If unAtitAlnihla. amAur Aiwmt
Tat Cutter Laboratory, Berkeley, Ctl.. ar Cbleate. Ill
W. N. U, LINCOLN, NO. 62-1914.
Tm handled ctt caeUy. Tha eltlc aro oured. end all otben In
netablii. no matter howwKevd."krt from haelntT ilia die-
'I ho frmtrue.or III feud. Acta on tlio blood and uipele germt of
all fnnoii of dletomiior. IUet remedy orer knowu for ruarw ta foal,
nanufacturvn). Cut eliowa bow to poultice tlirvate. Our frva
lookletKlYraoTerylbluir. I-ocal atrenu wanted, tarveat eUUur
iorw muwly lu ututeuoa twetra yeans.
CPOHN MEDICAL CO.,CaiUUa4BetatlUlet, OOStlMe lit O.S. Ae
Ve&tSttXintfnKXt&tU!V?&WVfiZ HiaiONVfVtcKinnmivyUMrai,t wwkwwwwwntt
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