The Red Cloud chief. (Red Cloud, Webster Co., Neb.) 1873-1923, December 18, 1913, Image 4

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Wonderful Exposition Palaces Fast Rising
On the Shores of San Francisco Bay
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Splendid Representation For Nd.aska Planned
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iTSVf Inside the Golden Gate a
vast army of workmen Is rush
lug to completion tho hugo ox
Jillilt nnlnccs of Atuorlcu's Punu-
canal eelcbnitTon, tbo Pauumu-Pa-
lflc International Exposition In bun
Francisco In 1010. Muny of tbo most
"celebrated architects, sculptors nnd
'artists In tbo United States co operated
ln tbe design of tbo marvelous exposi
tion city upon the shores of San Fran--else
liny. As an Inspiration they had
before them tbo greatest engineering
(work In tbo history of tbo world-the
Tana inn cnnal-nnd In the roinplotlon
"? the" canal they saw tbo final result
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j Copyright, 1913, by the Panama-Pacific International .
V . Imposition
f the effort of centuries to secure a!
ftmoouKutvuy ueiween inu oceans.
Aa the Imposition assumes rorin tbe
wonders that the architects ill earned
f become vivid and tangible. A city
of palaces facing noitb upon San
Frunciwo harbor is rising against the
.Walls of the hlls that embrace the im
position site upon the south, east anil
west. When completed In 101 1, mouths
before the opening of the imposition,
It will be found that the majority of
tbo imposition palaces are united Into
no enormous structure, with Its out
ride walls as high as the average six
tory city block and with Its golden
towers and minarets rising to heights
of 170. LT.0. :r,i juid i::o feet riu-iit r
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I Copyright, 1913, by tlio lMnama-racUlo Intel natioiuii lApojuiuu.
Tbo dominating architectural feature of the imposition Is tho superb Tower
of Jewels which will command tho south entrance of the Court of tho Sun and
Stars. This tower, -IIIO feet In height, will have a base one Hero In extent. Tho
tower will rlso upward In terraces, giving way at Inst to n group of tlgures sup
porting a globe typifying the world. The repented llguren of armored horse
men and of explorers of tbo oceans will be used In tho tower, which, with Its
statuary, mural paintings and mosaics, will bo Indescribably beautiful. Messrs.
Carrere nnd Hustings, architects In chief of tbo Pao-Amerlcuu Exposition at
Buffalo In 11)01, are tho architects.
In Yast Gathering of States and Nations
tbo main exhibit buildings wilt form
parts of a huge group surrounding tbo
three principal courts. They will rep
resent In conception a stuiKtndous ori
ental bazaar, similar In form to tbo
linznnrs of the east, nt Constantinople,
Damascus or Cairo. Tbo roofs of the
buildings will bo colored a reddish
pink, llko Bpanlsb tile, nnd will bo
spread over the mile long group of tbo
imilii exhibit buildings extending along
the blue waters of the bay. Wonder
ful groups of statuary will tell the
story of the Panama raual.
The slto of the Exposition covers
033 acres on San rranclsco harbor. A
y 1 TgWgWay VJi utT -Wy-taM-gt-Ti-i-r
more Impressive location for a great
maritime celebration could not have
been chosen. The imposition city will
luce north upon the stream of trallle
that pusses through the western portal
of America. On the south, east and
west rise the hills of San Francisco,
like the walls of a vast amphitheater.
On a tree lined esplanade along the
harbor's edge visitors will view gieat
maritime pageants by day. l'.y night
a series of marvelous Illuminations
proceeding from great batteries of col
ored M'nn.'lillglits will turn the UnimwI
tlou city Into a fairyland.
Ten huge exhibit palaces are under
construction at this writing, and all
f tln fourteen nriln vtiiMt imlltlliit's
will be under way by the time this ar
tlclo Is published.
One of the unhjue phases of tbe Ex
position will bo the tremendous par
tlelpation of tbo South American na
tions. Many of tbo republics will
make displays never before seen out
sldo their own boundaries.
The commonwealths of the United
Stntes will bo represented upon a
splendid scale. Thirty-flvo stntes lmvo
selected the sites of their state pn
villous, and the appropriations made
by state legislatures aggregate mil
lions. The largest appropriation la
that of Now York state-$7OO,O0O.
The stato of Nebraska has Its patri
otic pride In America's Panama Canal
Exposition. As one of the common
wealths of the Union, It has contrib
uted Its duo proportion to the cost of
the construction of the Panama canal.
I'pou it, as well as iton other states,
rests tho responsibility and prestige
that comes with the completion of the
great canal ".it Panama. Leading citl
yens of Xebraskn, merchants and man
ufacturers jurists, legislators, railway
men, farmers, bunkers, executives, are
j now planning for a collective Indus
I trial representation that Nebraska may
stand well among her sister states of
1 this great International Me. The No
, braska Society of California Is plan
ning great things In the entertainment
of all the world on behalf of Nebraska
In llll.". and visitors from Nebraska
will find the former residents of the
home state will rejoice In welcoming;
them. Every wide awake citizen of
Nebraska Is urged by the Nebraska so
ciety to give fullest and active support
to the moveinVnt to give splendid rep
resentation to Nebraska at the Exposi
tion. Iio not losi a day in aligning
yourself with the movement. No com
monwealth In the Union has more of
Interest to show the wot Id than Ne
braska. None has resources that may
be more advantageously e.ploitcd. anil
tho advertising will be of tremendous
and lasting benellt. The ast wealth
of Nebraska In a single line of Indus,
try, that of live stock, Is amazing. In
MHO Nebraska had 1,01.".MX) horses,
T'-'.OOft mules, VT'.MMM dairy cattle.
ISJO 1. 000 head or other stock." ."..'Jul. 000
swine and sheen. Of sneclnl
I Interest to Nebraska at the Exposition
1 will be the live stock and agricultural
displays hereafter mentioned.
I A unhtip feature of the imtosltlon
I nnd It Is dllllcult to select from among
the thousands of brilliant features one
I as Wing more Interesting than anoth
erwill bo a continuous live stock
show, the greatest the world has
known. I'lfty nci- 1 will bo used for
live stock pavilions n d show grounds.
The Exposition maun cement has set
aside ?t7.",000 for premiums for live
stock, while '-Ti.OOO Is offered for har
ness races. Hreedlng associations of
the United States have so far offered
$15,000 In premiums. This Is n total of
The "Midway" at the imposition (tho
name has not yet been chosen) will Ih
spectacular. At a cost of ?::r,0.000 the
Santa I'e railway will present n series
of panoramas showing the Grand can
yon of Arizona, famous nrtKts being
engaged upon the panoramas. In n
working model of the Panama canal
visitors will proceed through the locks,
as If actually going through the canal
Itself, and lecturers will explain Its op
oration. This concession, to cost $2."i0,
000, will have n capacity of handling
2.000 people through Its locks every
thirty minutes. Another concession
will show the historic old market plnce
of Nuremberg. Germany, nnd wonder
ful concessions from China and Japan
will be shown Altogether the cost of
Installing the concessions Is estimated
at $11,200,000
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Architects' Dreams For Most Marvelous of Universal
, Expositions Coming True-Whole World Interested
48 tbe United States has Invited
i tbe world to un International
festivity, an International pro
gram will be part of the Puna
tna-Paclflc International exposition.
Sporting events of nil kinds will be
prominent. The crack cavalry and In
fuutry of the United States and Eu
rope will participate in wall scaling
contests, remount demonstrations nnd
competitive drills of nil kinds. Carry
ing cut this theme upon a larger scale,
battleships In the harbor nnd aero
planes launched from hangars on the
Exposition grounds will contend In
mimic warfaro. There are assured at
tho Exposition some wonderfully In
teresting aeroplane demonstrations.
Tbe principal aeroplane manufacturers
of England. Germany, Russia, Italy
and Switzerland will compete with
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Copyright, 1913, by tho Panama-Pa
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j-- i" The structure will be built almost entirely of glass and will cover tlve acres.
tboso of the United Stntes. Prizes will
be offered for devices or Improvements
which tend to make the aeroplane
safer and to bring It more and moro
Into practical everyday use.
The .Puuumn-Pucitlc International
Exposition will be the tlrst great Amer
ican exposition of which it will be pos
sible to get it view from an aeroplane.
The more venturesome visitors Hying
over the Exposition In dirigible bal
loons or In aeroplanes will see stretch
ed out below thcln the great exhibit
palaces, brilliant with the color scheme
Copyright, 1913, liy the I'.innina-Paclflc In
ternational Exposition.
nociiE op aiiaii FAi.riNi:n ron onour
designed by Jules Guerlu, tbe famous
artist, who thus describes the effect of
tho work he is directing: "Imagine a
gigantic Perabvi rug spreatUIown upon
the shores of tn Francisco bay, with
brilliant colors here and there, but
melting In soft, glorious tones, nnd you
will have an idea of what the Panama
Puclllc International Exposition will
look like If viewed from n distance, ns
from the Sausalito heights across the
Golden Gate."
Tho Exposition buildings will bo di
vided Into three huge groups-, nnd
when couiplvtcd tho Exposition city
will present a marvelous picture.
Eight of tbo palaces In the central
group will form parts of n great rec
tangle. Four of the buildings will face
tbe bay nnd four face south upon n
wonderful south garden. Tho four
buildings facing upon tho bay nro tho
Palaces of Mines, Transportation, Ag
riculture nnd Food Products. The four
facing south are tho Palaces of Varied
iBduwtrtes, Manufactures, Liberal Arts
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and Education. Flanking this rectan
gular group on the east, but brought
Into general architectural harmony
with It is Machinery Hall. Flanking
It upon tbe west will be the superb
Pnlnco of Fine Arts, n building partly
circular In form and embracing a great
lagoon, in which Its classic outlines
will bo reflected. Tho huge Palace of
Horticulture, Festival Hall, tbe Serv
ice building and other minor structures
are set in the south garden. The Pal
ace of Horticulture will be one of the
most wonderful buildings ever erected.
It will cover flvo acres and bo con
structed nliuost entirely of glass. Its
huge glass dome will rise 1(55 feet.
The department of horticulture nt the
Exposition has offered a prize of $1.
000 to tbo originator of tho llnest va
riety of rose. The merits of this rose
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clllo International Exposition:
will bo Judged by an International
Jury. A scientist has written that he
feels ho Is well on the way to produce
a black rose.
Tho finest architectural and sculp
tural effects will be seen In the great
courts, which will divide the Exposi
tion city 1101th and south. In tho cen
ter of the group will be the Grand
Court of Honor, the splendid Court of
the Sun nnd Stars. Hero the visitor
will behold one of the most magnifi
cent court effects ever presented at an
exposition. In dimensions the coutt
will be "M feet east and west nnd 1)00
feet north and .south, exclusive of a
fore court or opening on San Francis
co harbor. The entrance to the court
from the main gates will be through
tho arcade of the Tower of Jewels, a
magnificent stiucture 4"0 feet In
height Ily day the tower will stand
out ns the great dominating nrchltoc-
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Copyright, 1913, by tho Panama-Pacific International Exposition.
Tbo howdab upon tho elephnnt surmounting this arch will bo 18S feet above
the floorn of tho Court of tho Sun and Stilts. An arch dedicated to wssters
civilization will be set nt the opposite side of tbo court
night It will reflect the colors of tho
rainbow from hundreds or great bat
teries of sencullghts. On the east side
of tbe court will be the great triumphal
Arch of tbe Ittstng Sun, and upon the
west side will be seen tbe Arch of the
Setting Sun. The arches will suggest
tho note of tbe Exposltlon-tbe meet
ing of tho east nnd west at Panama.
Their sculptural decorations will carry
out this theme. Surmounting tbe Arch
of tbe Itlsing Sun will be a colossal
gioup of stutiinry, a great elephant as
the central motif, with camel riders.
Tibetan priests, Arab warriors, negro
slaves, etc., the whole suggesting the
spirit of tho orient Tho group will be
forty-two feet In height The howdab
upon the elephant will be 1SS feet
nbovc the (loots of the Court of the
Sun and Stars. The triumphal Arch
p. 11 sin 1 '! MiaiisiiiiaaaifTrar-ari;uaay-.ii.rLtaUaaatJ
of the Setting Sun will be crowned
with a group expressing western civ
ilization, Its main theme a prairie
schooner, with Indians and Spanish.
French, German and English explorers
supporting tho central figure.
Passing beneath cither of the two
great arches one will come respective
ly Into the great west courf. tho Court
of the Four Seasons, designed by Hen
ry Itacon. designer of the wonderful
Lincoln memorial to be built nt Wash
ington In honor of Abraham Lincoln,
or to the great east court the Court of
Festivals, designed by Louis C. Mull
gardt. architect of the Fisheries build
ing at Chicago In these courts will
be seen monumental expressions of
architecture and sculpture. The sculp
ture iiMn an exalted scale will tell
the story of the Panama canal nnd of
tho high Ideals with which America
has pursued this greatest, of tbe works
of hlstorv