The Red Cloud chief. (Red Cloud, Webster Co., Neb.) 1873-1923, April 24, 1913, Image 4

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Re4 Clou, NabrMk
Catered In the 1'oMomco at Hert Cloud, Neb.
M Hccond Clam Matter
You cbh get u very good Men of the
personal habits mid tastes of the occu
pants of property by llie appearance of
things nbout the promise. If the
yard In full of lubblsh, the bushes tin
trimmed, 11 dearth of Unworn, Mid other
evidences of carelessness, the chances
re that the occupant is untidy Htid
leosc In habit. On the otner hand, If
everything la clean, neat and tidy,
flowers blooming and a homelike air
of contentment prevades the premises
the chances are that the occupant, is
neat and progressive. Let all keep
these hints in mind and clean up and
beautify their property.
The most efficient, the most demo
cratic public sohool system in this
country is at Gary, Indiana.
For the first time In the history of
education, scientific methods have been
applied to education, scientific manage
Mat to a school system, the educa
tional capacity doubled and the cost of
ducatioD cut in two, all at the same
It is only natural that a city built
by ecglneers for an organisation so
largely, involving engineering should
partake of au engineering mind in its
educational system.
, The man who accomplished this
educational wonder is William Wirt,
formerly in charge of the public
schools of Btulfton, Indiana, and he
was found by the engineer who laid J naturally be given more hours
physics class using the same room hs
the advanced physics class.
An incentive la given the younger
pupils, they took forward to doing the
work of the older ones.
Then, it has been found that the
ordinary, distinctively high school
building In a city soon resolves Itself
into a snob factory ; that the parents
who should and can ordinarily send
their children to high school are re
strained by reason of caste or social
distinctions, that make an economic
pressure under which the parents can
not stand, they simply onunot afford
to supply their children with clothing,
class, and fraternity dues and other ex
peuses that usually become n fixed
standard, so their children are taken
out of school,
Then there Is the relative economy
of school management by reason of
the larger plant operation.
The system of rotating classes, that
Is, sending them to different closs
room or different parts or departments
of the building at the dose of every
study hour, creates an almost constant
circulation of pupila through the
building; it gives the children a chance
to stretch and permits every class of
small children to get a glimpse of what
every older class Is doing; it permits
of a smaller number of teachers, better
teachers at better salaries, and every
teacher a specialist in each depart
ment of teaching; but the principal
advantage Is that it doubles what is
normally the capacity of the ordinary
school building and at the same time
reduces the uumber of pupils of each
room, there are about 142 to 28 pupils
under one teacher at one time under
the Wirt system, while there ore from
.jj to ou uuder the ordinary system In
the arcrago city.
This rotating system has still anoth
er advantage of being pliable enough
to prevent any one child or group of
children holding back their class; for
if a chili shows efficiency In grammar
and deficiency in arithmetic he can
III the
out the sewer system of Gary.
The writer spent n half day recently
at Emerson School, the largest school
building, or school plant as it is cull
ed, in (Jury, and which Is typical of
the whole system.
The system differs from that ordinar
ily adapted by cities in the following
major particulars:
Kmersou School has the sl?e and ap
pearauce of the typical modern city
high school, but kindergarten, primary
grades, grammar grudes and the high
school courses are all taught uuder one
Ordinat Hy the capacity of a building
the slze.of Emerson School would only
be about 1,040 puplli, but by rotating
the classes and keeping one-half the
pupils on the piny grounds, in the
manual training department, in the
gymnasium, in thu swimming pool, in
drawing or music, the ordinary school
room capacity is doubled to 2,080
The school plant is in operatiou
froa eight o'clock in the morning un
til Ave o'clock In evening,' six days a
week the year around, but a child does
sot stay in the strait-jacket of one
desk all day, nor are they compelled to
attead Batnrdays or during the two
ttoatas ordinarily allotted to vacation.
Vary fsw textbooks are used'
very teacher is a specialist In one
toaaeh of education, aud by the rotat
tegaystsn does not teach anythiug
fait their particular specialty.
Every child has a looker, but no
vegalar desk.
The whole educational system can
be saamed up In three words:
Learn by dolugl
The idea of having so many grades
'-or branches of education under one
roof Is for both etfloieucy in education
ad economy of operation.
Is the first place It is based on the
old country sohool experience, that
the younger pupils learn from the old
r ones.
For Instance, the chemical laboratory
vised by the advanced class in the high
school course is right next to one of
the primary grade rooms. There Is a
fall length, clear glass panel in the
door of this chemical laboratory so
that the small pupils in passlug can
look in and see the operations of the
older oues, Hie same idea is carried
out relative to other departments and
branches. There is clear, full length
glass In every door and a higher class
k usually located next to a primary
grade one, and the same psychology is
again applied by, sny, the elementary
deficient study
Then the terms are divided up iuto
three months periods, so that no pupil
has to wult h whale year In order to be
promoted or demoted asunder the con
ventional plan. It is again elllclent in
the fact that If a child shows physical
deficiencies he Is given more hours ou
the play grounds and in physical cul
ture, which department Is ulso uuder
a high grade specialist, and in this way
no child stays out of school ouaccouut
of ill heulth.
Tills old idea we have of holding
schools from half past eight in the
morning until three-thirty in the after
noon five days a week, with two or
three months vacation in summer, is n
rural precedent and has no place in
cities, lu the couutiy children were
needed at home from rising time till
school time, after school time in the
eveuiug, and on Saturdays to help
with house uud baru chores, and in
summer they were needed for three
months during harvest time.
The country boy or girl derived an
education beuefit from his house aud
barn work because it taught definite
tasks for defluitc purposes, it instilled
a hsblt of application; it was manual
training in other words.
In the city there are few if any
house and barn chores, so this time of
work ob the farm now comprises the
street and alley time of the city child,
which Is an evil lufluenoe.
Under the Wirt system a child does
not go to sohool any more hours than
under the conventional system, but
the street and alley time is consumed
in music, drawing, mauual training or
physical culture on a play ground or
in a g'ymuaslum under a competent
physical Instructor aud play master,
aud In the swimming pool under a
swimming teacher.
At Uarv ouehalf of the children
start in the morning with ninety
minutes of school room study, which
includes arithmetic, English, and his
tory. This Is followed by uiuety
minutes of music, drawing, mauual
tiaining, physical instruction ami
play. The other half of the school at
tendance appear in reverse order, -that
is, they first take music, drawing,
manual training, and so on, followed
by the regular school room studies,
lu this way all parts of the school
plaut, including five acres of pluy
ground, are lu use all the time. For
instance, insteud of recess and play
time fifteen mlnule.i in the forenoon
and fifteen minutes in the afternoon,
uuder the conventional piHI)) the play
The Satisfaction of
Being Well Dressed
I r
To be well dressed is largely a matter of taste and not so
much a matter of money.
What you buy counts more than
what you pay for it.
To exercise fasfe you must have room for choice among tasteful
things. You must have opportunity to express your individuality
And that is exactly what we give our customers in our
large assortment of summerdress goods including ratines,
corded figures, embroidered voiles, silk stripe
poplins, etc.
Come And Make Your Choice!
Miner Bros, Co,
j6?23 General. Merchants :::
The Store That Sells Wooltex
T-, i. "
I ' 'f
aa M ' "- ""' i i i 1 I,.,
!W .' .
iin'wi 'vAwaiss:
hot cakee, made with
ROYAL Baking Powder
ara delloloue, health
ful and eaalfy made.
grounds at Gary are in use during all
school time by Borne part of the school
Thai laarnimr bv doina and tersely
dispensing with textbooks is accom
plished In this way--a emia in a pn
murv irrsde is taUffht to count by
games. In the class rooms there are
quoits and Btakes, and devices similar
to baaatelle tables, all of vratcn involv
es scores In simple addition, substract-
ton aud simple fractions, ueaaing,
spelling and elementary geography are
taught by means of games similar to
dominoes, where the children build up
words, sentences and maps by means
of large blocks. These also involve
scores so there is a correlation between
studies. The child learns to count
with his reading lesson and learns to
read with bis elementary geography
lesson. The higher branches or arith
metic in classes of older pupils are
taught by practical examples. In the
classroom are scales and measuring de
vices where beaus aud other household
commodities arc weighed and meas
ured out. These classes go out iuto
the play grounds and measure off
building lots, stake out imaginary
buildlnirs. measure up cement wulks,
roadways uud fences, and figure costs
in labor aud material.
Unler the Wirt system this correlat
ion o t wiles is carried through the
entire soi .n. History, for iustunce,
Is combined with geography. In
studying the geography of tiugluml its
commercial, social and political his
lory is consldeied at the sumo time.
The correlation of studies Is even
carried into the high school manual
training and commercial courses us
will be explained a little later. Hal-
I iioon'n Magazine.
Dr. E. V. Wedemeyer
Veterinary Surgeon,
Physician and Dentist
OFFICE: Hrlck Livery Barn
Both Phones 81
TWENTY-FIVE dollars. You can buy our clothes
for less than that $20, $18, $1 5; you can pay more
than that we have very fine clothes at $30, $35, $30.
But $25 is a good average price; most men who appreciate
good quality and style in clothes, good tailoring and fit,
are willing to pay as much as $25. ,
Hart Schaffner & Marx
suits at $25 will surprise you. You'll get all-wool fabrics; trimmings, linings and other materials
-of a high grade; tailoring of a very high order the things that make a suit wear well, and
W shapley. You'll get the value of best style standards and orginality of design; you'll get clothes
that fit you well.
And you'll gain from $10 to $20, either in greater value'at ihe price; or lower price
for similar value.
Better see how true this is; $25 is a price you can afford, and you'll say so
when you see the clothes. Better come and took al the new spring styles
" BB?s
Red Cloud,
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