Image provided by: University of Nebraska-Lincoln Libraries, Lincoln, NE
About The Red Cloud chief. (Red Cloud, Webster Co., Neb.) 1873-1923 | View Entire Issue (April 10, 1913)
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A HIDDEN DANDER
WHERE NO WOMAN MAY
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It Is a duty of
the kidneys to rid
the blood of uric
acid, an Irritating
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fHE NEBRASKA LAWMAKERS
rlef Mention of the Work Being Don
by Nebraska solons In the
Houses of Legislature.
T was reported recently that tho anv
bnssadors of the powers bad decided
that Mount AtltOH was to bo regard'
ed bb an Independent ecclesiastical
ropublla. Mount AthoH, near the
gulf of Salonlkl, Is a-locallty little
known, but It is one of the tnoBt In
teresting in the world. On the end
of a peninsula jutting Into tho
Aegean sea, the mountain shoots up moro than
3,000 foot, and Hb peak of white llmostono Is a
landmark for many miles out to soa. The old
Oreok legend was that the giant Athos hurled
this mountain at the gods upon Olympus, but
that It dropped back and fell at the edge of the
"My servant saved me at last;
he said that English gentlemen
never ate such rich dishes for
breakfast, from religious feel
lngs he believed, but requested
that It might bo put by and
was sure I should like it vory
much later In the dny."
Mount Athos has seen few
changes In the last 1U0 years.
Except for an earthquake
which did some damage to tho
monasteries in 1905, the coun
try is much as It was when
Curzon -visited it in the early
years of Queen Victoria's reign,
ilut the proposed republic which
Is to be founded there upon tho
downfall of Turkey may bring
about a great awakening In the
The entire ponlnsula, of which Mount Athos
forms the southernmost point, Is about forty
miles long and from four to seven miles In width,
cut by numerous ravines nnd by long arms of
the sea. The narrow, Isthmus which connects the
mountain with the main peninsula was cut by a
canal built by Xerxes whon ho caino to lnvado
Greece, nnd tracos of the canal are still visible,
though It has long since become dry land.
Tho slopes of Mount Athos have for many cen
turies been tho homo of monks nnd hermits of
tho Oreok church. Most of the monasteries
which cling to the steep slopes of the mountain
wero founded by Dyantlne emperors; one of
the oldest, tho monastery of St. Laura, hns boon
In oxistenco since 908. There are still several
thousand monks living upon tho mountain, sup
porting themselves by tilling hillside farms and
living very much as their predecessors did a
tnoulnnd years ago.
In 1,500 years no woman has been allowed to
et foot on Athos, Few travelers ever come to
Athos; It lies out of the beaten traok of travel,
and the monks would not welcome Intrudea.
Since the fall of the nyzantlne empire and
Constantinople, In 1453, Athos has been nomi
nally under Turkish rulo. Tho Turks, however,
have been liberal In their treatment of the Greek
Catholic monks, and have pormltted them prac
tically to govern themselves. A council com
posed of representatives of the several monas
teries baa maintained law and order In the col
ony. The comparatively few English and European
travelers who have ever been to Athos unite In
enthusiastic praise of the natural beauties of the
place. The steep sides of the mountains are heav
ily wooded with huge oak and chestnut trees,
while here and there pine and cypress give a
touch of deeper color. The roads wind In and
out along the mountain side, frequently affording
glimpses of the deep blue sea which frets at
Through the Middle Ages the Athos monas
teries were the treasure houses in which much
of the learning and culture or tho Greeks was
preserved to the world. The monks must have
pent a world of time patiently copying the
worka of the old masters, and the libraries of
Athos, even today, contain much that Is fascinat
ing to the antiquarian and the booklover. But
the monks themselves have fallen into sad Igno
rance; the libraries of the monasteries are little
.used and some of them have been permitted to
go completely to rack.
At Mount Athos, according to legend, the Vir
gin Mary and 8t. Thomas were wrecked and then
miraculously saved; and since that day of graco
no female foot has been allowed to tread the
peninsula of Athos; Indeed, since the eloventh
century no female animals whatever have been
permitted there. It Is said that the only excep
tion ever made Jo this rule In the last five nun-,
dred years was In favor of Lady Stratford de
Redcltffe, and It Is kept so strictly that not only
must the whole population be masculine, but
hens -even may not live on the rock, henco all
the eggs, of which a great number are consumed,
are Imported. The population of the Holy Moun
tain, called generally "The Garden of the Moth
er of God," Is between sli and seven thousand,
made up of some three thousand monks and three
or four thousand lay brothers. Most of the
monks are Greeks, but there are also many Rus
sians, a few Roumanians, and some Bulgarians,
Servians and Georgians. The. Turks-respected
the privileges of the monks, who submitted after
the capturo of Balonlca and agreed to pay
tribute. Tho republlo has, up to this time, been
directed by a council elected by the monasteries.
Tho common soal of this council, which is divided
Into quarters for that purpose, la in tho cus
tody of the four senior members. Mount Athos,
the second most holy placo In eastern Christen
dom, In at, the extremity of tho peninsula of
Athos, tho easternmost peninsula of Chnlcldlce
In Mncodonln, which projects Into tho Aegean
sea nnd Is councctod with tho mainland by a nnr
row Isthmus, which was pierced by a canal dur
ing tho Invnslon of Xerxes. Tho monasteries nro
scattered over tho cntlro peninsula.
A moet Interesting account of n visit to Mount
Athos Is contntnod In a book written In 1837 by
an Englishman, Robert Cur7on, who went book
hunting to tho mountain. Speaking of a visit to
one monkish llbrnry, he wrote:
"The llbrnry I found to be In a dark closet
near the entrance of tho church. It had been
locked up for 'many yoars, but tho agoumenos
(head of the monastery) mado no difficulty In
breaking the old-fashioned padlock by which tho
door was fastened. I found upon tho ground nnd
upon some of the broken-down shelves about 400
to 600 volumes, chiefly printed books, but among
them now and then I stumbled upon a manu
script. Of theso there were about thirty on vel
lum and fifty or sixty on paper. I picked up a
single loose leaf of very ancient uncial Greek
characters, part of the GoRpel of S,t. Matthew.
I made bold to ask for this single leaf as a thing
of small value.
" 'Certainly said the agoumenos, 'what do
you want It for!'
"My servant suggested that perhaps It might
bo useful to cover some Jam pots or vases of
preserves which I had at home.
"'Oh!' said the agoumenos, 'take some more.'
and without more ado ho seized upon an unfortu
nate thick, quarto manuscript of the Acts and
Epistles and, drawing out n knifo, cut nn inch
thickness of leaves at tho end before I could stop
him. It proved to bo the Apocalypso, which con
cluded the volumo, but which Is rarely found In
early Grook manusoripts of the Acts. It was of
the eleventh century. I nsked him If ho would
sell me any of the otnor books, and he said cer
tainly; they woro of no UBe'tp hlra."
One monk whom Cunon talked with In the
course of his Journey round the mountain could
never remember having seen n woman. He
asked tho Englishman whether they all looked
like the pictures of the Virgin Mary. Curzon
had an amusing experience wfth tho agoumenos
of another monastery. He tells it thus;
"Tho agoumenos declared his willingness to
show mo everything the monastery contained.
"'nut flrBt,' said he, 'I wish to present you
with something excellent for your breakfast.'
"So I expressed my thanks for the kind hos
pitality of my Lord Abbot, nnd ho, sitting down
opposite ma on the dlvnn, proceedod to prepare
"'This,' said he, producing a shallow basis
halt full of a white pnste, 'is the principal and
most savory part of this famous dish;. It Is com
posed of clovos of garlic, pounded down with a
certain quantity of sugar. With It I will now mix
the oil In Just proportions, somo shreds of fine
cheese and sundry other nice little condiments,
and now It Is completed.'
"'Now,' Bald tho agoumenos, crumbling some
bread into It with his large and somewhat dirty
hands, 'this Is a dish for an emperor. Eat, my
friend, my muoh respected guest; do not be shy.'
BEAUTIES OF THE SOUTH
Tho world Is Just awakening to the fact that
South American women aro beautiful and fasci
nating and that the palm for charm and loveli
ness Is fast being wrested from their North
American sisters. Perhaps the most beautiful of
all theso new beautlescomo from Argentlnn, tho
land of surprises and wonders, and they seem to
havo found what Ponce do Leon sought further
north the fountain of youth.
The Argentine women dresH bettor, look bet
ter and havo finer manners thnn any other wom
en In tho world. They nro enchanting creatures,
nnd even now Europe Is learning of their great
charm and beauty. They nro fond of homo life
nnd mako Ideal mothers, although thoy are not
domestic to a sordid degree. Thoy nro as fond
of society as the women of tho United States
only they aro absolutely without tho faintest
trace of snobbishness, which Is probably due Ic
their breeding. They nro wonderfully well In
formed and woll bred women, and strangely
enough their social obligations are never such
as to Interfere with their homo life.
'hey are a plensure-lovlng peoplo, fond of mu
Bio, drama and entertainment. The latest styles
are brought over from Paris, which Is responsi
ble for tho introduction of the first artists of
Europe, who are frequently henrd in Buenos
Ayres before they come to the United States.
Tho people of Argentina make less of thetr thr-e
weeks' sail to Frnnce than wo do of our ono
week's sail. They are very fond jf Paris, and
adopt more customs and manners from tho
French than from Americans or English.
The South American woman is becoming a
great factor abroad. She . has attracted "the at
tention of shopkeepers, for she Is as rich as tho
North American and even more lavish with her
money and graco, for she has no duty to pay on
her purchases and spondB her millions with an
open hnnd. She loves rich nnd beautiful thlngn,
nnd wears her clothes well with a great deal of
dash and Bplondor, bo that the great modistes
and milliners have been turned away from tho
North American benuty nnd her scrimping pur
chases because of her duties and pouring all
their amiability upon the belles from Argontlnn
nnd nrazll, and even Chile. For oh, they are
rich! And thoy are growing richer with their
mines and vast herdH of cnttle and sheep and
their rubber and coffeo plantations, their new
railroads and real estate deals, nnd all sorts of
other enterprises that make for sudden and vast
wealth In new countrlos.
Tho rich South American woman mnkos Pnrls
her playground. Ono rarely finds her in Loudon.
She does not like England or the English, but
Paris nnd the French people Just suit her, as she,
like them, Is of tho Latin race, with all the
warmth and gayety of such people.
The 8lmple Life.
"Aro you able to be happy since you lost your
"Oh, yes. I find simple food agrees with me
better, and you have no Idea how many worthy
people go in for walking as a fad."
GuoBt--Yos, my wife has been 111, but she Is out
HostesB What doctor did you have?
Guest No doctor at all. I bought her a new
A plea ngalnat partisan Influcnco In
governmental affairs was tho burden
i Senator George V. Norrls uddress
to the stnto legislature Wednesduy
"For my part," ho said, "I Intend to
support what I believo to. bo right, re
gnrdless of the party. I shall sustain
tho president whenovor I believe Mru
right, nnd I hopo I shall always find
him right. Elected from the stnto of
Nebraska, I conceive It to bo my duty
to represent not any polltlcnl party,
but the people, regardless of party."
Senator Norrls nttucked tho secret
caucus. He declared the glory of tho
nation today to be tho advancing
Ideals of citizenship. Very largely, ho
found this manifest In tho decline of
partisanship. He decried the system
of public offlco pntronage and prophe-
sled that tho democratic administra
tion would find It a two-edged sword,
unrmiui nilKo to the one who wields
nnd to him who receives the blow.
Some of the New Laws.
Among the bills Blgned recently by
tho governor nndwhlch now are or
will become laws at the expiration of
tho t me named by the constitution.
are the following: $15,000 deficiency
aiipiuyrmuon xor tne state peniten
tiary; tho bill changing manner of
road building under thel nherltance
tax fund In various counties accord
ing to population; the bill creating the
state treasurer the fiscal agent of tho
state; the proposed constitutional
amendment provided for a graduated
income tax; the bill declaring it a
felony to steal $20 worth of water;
tho Smith bill' providing nn occupa
tion tax on the gross receipts, or ex
press business within the state. H. R.
234, by Cronln of Holt, appropriating
me mm lovy ror the stnto aid In
building long bridges was also signed
by the governor.
Working Girls' Wages Too Low.
Thnt 1,257 gljls out or 4.759 whoso
wages and working conditions wefo
Investigated by tho legislative com-
mlttco chosen for thnt purpose or
mpro than one girl of every four Is
working for compensation entirely
Inadequate to keep her soul from the
squalor of Immorality, Is the sub
stance of n report mode to the house
by Chairman Losey and associates
who conducted the Investigation. The
report follows a personal report
made by Representative Losey, In
which conditions., surrounding the
work of female employes of the South
Omaha packing houses were laid bare
to the people of the state. The com
mltteo reported that, according to the
evidence given by tho female em
ployes, a girl who had no homo can
not Hvo respectably on less than $8
or $9 per week. Tho employers, how
ever, Bworo that tho female employes
must servo an apprenticeship for a
greater or less tlmo beforo they nro
qualified to earn those wages.
Bills of General Importance.
Among thojnany bills on final pass
igc In the house during tho week, the
following of general Interest were
passed and sent to the senate: The
bill appropriating $2.1,000 for tho ben
efit of Mrs. Roy Blunt nnd infant son,
whose husband nnd father was killed,
by officers In the convict chase of last
year; tho bill placing the state prison
board on a straight salary of $1,000
each per annum; the bill providing
for a board of mediation for strikes
and Industrial disputes; the bill re
quiring railway commission to give
notice of hearing on application for,
change of rates of public service cor-!
'poratlon; telephone and Itelcgrapih
poles on public highways to bo set
within six feet. Inside boundary lines;
appropriation of $20,000 for hospital
building at Mil ford soldiers' home.
Senators Cordeal, Heasty andv
Saunders, working as a sub-commit'
tee spent Saturday with F. M. Coffey
and one or two others, making over
the senate bill on workmen's com
pensation which Is to be taken up in,
the senate this week. The amend
ments proposed are practically the
'same as those which were attached to
the bill that the houso killed on
neys fall, urlo acid n
urit y troubles,
weak eyes, dropsy
or heart disease.
Pills help the kid
neys fight off urlo
acid bringing new
strength to weak kidneys and re
lief from backache and urinary ills.
An Indiana Caee
! "Mr limbs swollpd twice normal Hie. and
pr bod? mu no bloated I coult. liartflr broatlio.
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Cat Doan'a at aa? Star, 80c Bos
nOAN'Q KIP NET
roSTER.MILgURNCO., Burfalo.Nw Ytfc
Passes Electrocution Bill.
The Renter bill substituting elec
trocution for hanging ns a murder
penalty has passed the senate with an
amendment setting out that It Is to
become effectlvo October 1, 1913, In
stead of January 1, 1914.
In the senate, Hoagland of Lincoln
county presented a resolution asking
'the regents of the university to com
ply with the state law and placo fire
escapes on the home economics build
ing at the state farm where be says
moro thnn fifty women sleep.
Capital Punishment Bill.
The senate committee on Judiciary
decided to report out the bill from
tho house for the abolition of capital
punishment. The committee will
place the bill on goneral file with an
amendment providing for tho punish
ment by banging of persons .who,
while under conviction of murder In
tho first degree, kills a keepor or an
other In the act of attempting to
escape from the penitentiary, or who
kills another after having escaped.
This provision has been upheld as
legal In the state of California
Prompt Relief Permanent Cur
LIVER PILLS never
fail. Purely vegeta
ble act surely
improve the complexion, brighten the eyes.
SMALL PILL, SMALL DOSE, SMALL PRICK.
Genuine must bear Signature
Chappy I am going to try tho mind
Daffy What's It got to work on?
Important to Mothers
Examine carefully every bottle of
CASTORIA, a safe and sure remedy for
infants and children, and see that It
Signature of CjLvrffittfaj,
In Use For Over 30 Years.
Children Cry for Fletcher's Castoria
Better Give Up Fish.
Somo peoplo aro always prepared
for troublo which may not material
ize, like the man who carries a raw
tgg wherever he went.
"Why must you nlways carry about
a raw ogg?" asked a friend one day.
"Uecuuse it is such an excellent
remedy for flshbono in tho throat"
An American archeologlst Is said
to have solved the riddle of the sphinx
by boring Into Its head and removing
the sand. Many a sphinx would be
one no longer after tho head was sub
Jected to a similar process. Not un
til after Its head was bored into was)
it suspected that the sphlnx-head In
Egypt was hollow. It Is so with" many
other sphinxes. St Louis Globo-Den
Mount Royal Once Active Volcanv.
In tho work on tho Canadlnn North
ern railway tunnel tho engineers havsj
found that Mount Royal, under whlck
tho lino will pass, was at ono tlmn
either an active volcano or was made
by lava being forced up through tta
An Interesting proof of tho fact ths
at one time a great glacier flowef
from tho Laurentlan mountains to thi
St. Lawrence river was found In the
small -heading on Ste. Monique street
This was a piece of Laurentlan gneiss,
a rock peculiar to the Laurentlan
mountains, and It Is believed that In
the past this rock was carried down -J
uy a giacier, wnicn proDnDiy emptied
Into the St Lawrence river not far
from the present harbor.
A bowl of crisp, sweet
makes most delicious
These crinkly bits of
toasted white com, ready
to serve direct from pack
age, , are a tempting break
fast when served with
cream or milk, or fruit
The Toasties flavour is
a pleasant surprise at first;
then a happy, healthful
"Th Memory Lingers"
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