The Red Cloud chief. (Red Cloud, Webster Co., Neb.) 1873-1923, December 12, 1912, Image 3

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Sacred Crops in Japan
in the village of Isobe, In the Shima province of Japan, there are certain
rfce-fields wnlch belong to the Izo-kyu Shrine, which claims a part of their
yield, and these are the scene of a remarkable ceremony which takes place
In no other part of the country. When the day comes for the young rice
shoots to be removed from the small beds In which the seeds were sown, and
to be planted In rows, the villagers make holiday, that they may witness the
ceremonious transplanting which Is Illustrated here. Young men and women,
placed alternately, and wearing the dress of old Japan, surround the small
beds of shoots, and uproot them, singing old songs the while. The shoots
are then planted In rows In the sacred fields t6 the music of flutes.
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Rachel, daughter of Laban, favorite
wife of Jacob and mother of Benja
min, was interred at Bethlehem, ac
cording to tradition, and plouB pll
grlmB to tbe Holy Land do not. fail
to visit the "Kubbct Uachll" or Tomb
of Rachel, there. This structure ac
tually dates only from the twelfth
century, but presumably was erected
on the site of an earlier tomb.
A curious custom was carried out In
connection with tho funeral of Em
peror MelJI which was not made pub
lic at the time. This consisted in tbe
freeing of three large tortoises as a
mark of regret at the death of the
Tho shell of tho largest specimen
was three foot five Inches long, and
upon the shell were engraved the char
acters: "Wo humbly beg to show our deep
est regret at tho death of our MelJI
Tennn. Let froo In tho sea off Ogasa
wara Island on tho day of tho state fu
neral, September 13, 1912. Hlroshl
Abe, governor of Tokio.'
Capitol officials In Montgomery,
Ala., were surprised when a winsome
young woman called and requested
that sho bo permitted to shine their
boots. Sho proved to be Miss Evelyn
Altofalr, originally of Nashville, Tcun ,
who started out from Mobile, six
months ago on a "shoeshlnlng" tour
of the United States to win a wager
of $1,500 and convlnco the world that
woman can do anything she sets her
mind to.
Under tho agreement she Is to go
into every statu in the union, mnklng
her living throughout by blacking
The distinction of being the first
clergyman to travel by aeroplane to
minister to a dying man falls to
Father Andral, a French prlost err
ing with the troops in Morocco.
He was busy In the hospital at
Laghouat when a young -aeronaut,
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Lieutenant Bregard, entered his room
and naked him If it were possible for
him to come with him by aeroplane
In order to give the sacrament to a
dying offlcer who had been Btaot by
the enemy. The two were heartily
cheered by tho soldiers when they de
scended In the French camp. Tho
wounded mnn when told ho must die
had said: "To dlo is nothing, but to
din without tho consolations of reli
gion Ib sad."
Lieutenant firc-gard had bottt down
and whispered that ho would fetch n
priest by aeroplane. The dying man
waa still allvo when Iho priest ar
rived. He mado hi confession and
received tho communion and a few
minutes afterward died.
For thousands of years Mount
Athot, ( tho monastery-covered emi
nence on one projection of tho dial
cldlco peninsula, in tho Aegean sea,
has been a center of religious ac,tlv-
of tho Christian era a sanctuary of
Zeus (Jupiter) stood on the moun
tain. It Is tho mountain that tho
architect Dlnocratps offered to turn
into a statue of Alexander tho Great
with a city In one hand and In tho
other a perennially flowing spring.
Its chief modern InteroBt Hob in tho
fact that at least since the beginning
of the middle "ages it has been the
homo of a little monastic republic
that still retains almost tho same
autonomy granted a thousand years
ago by the Christian emperors of Con
stantinople. In 1905 tho many fortified
monasteries and hermltnges on Mount
Athos contained 7,553 monks, Includ
ing Greeks, Russians, Bulgarians, Rou-
Sublime Porte of Turks
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The Sublime Porte, which gives
the gate hare pictured, leading to the palace of the sultan. There It was In
the old day that the rulsr of th Mohammedan world dispensed Justice
stated Intervals.
manlniiH, Georgians ntul
Tho domestic govornmi'iit of th (
monasteries was rogulitcd In 10 HI li
Conntantlno Monomathos, with th i
aid of the patriarch of Constantinople
Hy the Imperial document which lit'
Issued women nio forbidden on thi
penliiRtila, a prohibition so stt Icily ob
served that even the Turkish aga, or
otllclal. who roaldos at Knrncs, m.;
not take his harem with him T!
such an i -stent la thla prohibition
carried that oven tho femnles of ani
mals are not permitted on tho penin
sula. On occasions when women arc
forced to land there In storms they
are at once placed In huts and sent
away at tho llrst opportunity. '
The 1'nleologl emperors at Con
stantinople and tho Slav princes oi
tho Hnlknn peninsula enriched the
monasteries of Mount Athon. Occa
slonally a Uyrnnllno emperor took
refugo there from tho cares of state.
Amid tho political disasters of the
Creeks during the fourteenth century
Mount Athnu appeals as a kind ol
holy land, a place w hero .tho Hellenic
spirit was cherished when It was
threatened elHowhero. and even today
it Is ouo of the most sacred pilgrlutagn
sites of thu entire Creek church and
tho feasts of tho principal monaste
ries aro alwas celebrated with great
, The fall of Constantinople In HO",
brought no modllleatlon of tho condl
tloim on tho holy mountain. The,
monks, who stubbornly opposed all at
tempts at reconciliation with tlin
church of Itomo, submitted at once tJ
tho domination of the Osmanll and,
with rare exceptions, have never been'
Interfered with by .tho Turkish au
thorities An a general rule tho monks hoK
their property In common. Thoy are,
divided Into two clnssca, tfic "Idlorhyth
mlc" and the "cenobltlc." Tho latter
lives are of great monastic rigor,
their chief occupation day nnd nigh;
being solemn public prayer. Tho othj
era enjoy a Ilttlo moro freedom nnd!
practice minor industries In aid of
tho common support.
Thu tribes of New Guinea, before
going hunting or tlshlng, consult their
Idols, two specimens of which are
hero pictured. Tho nutlves nssert
th&t tho Idols atibwcr them by tapplnp
with their feet, whether tho expedi
tion Is to be successful or not being
Indicated by the number of taps.
A rabbit hunt on tho outskirts oi
Great Notch, N. J., was brought to an
unexpected ending at the base of an
old opplo treo into which the rabbit
had sought shelter. Two hunters.
John Lyons and Robert Dodd of Upper
Montclalr. had fired two shots at tho
little animal, and as the smoke clear
ed away saw their prize run Into the
hollow of the tree. - As the hunters
were preparing to smoke tho rabbit
out they discovered In the tree ho'llow
a much worn pockctbook. It contain
ed one $100 bill, Ave twos, three fives
and eight one-dollar bills, all In fair
name to the government of TurKoy,
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Corn Stalks for Protection.
(By P. II. HAU.OU.)
Mice rarely Injure tteos except
whero grabs, stiawy manuro, boards
or trash of some kind about tho baso
of tho treo prove a hiding place, as
thoy prefer to perform their depre
dations under cover. In mounding
fruit trees, llrst clear away tho grass,
trash or mulch from tho lmo of tho
treo for a foot or moro in nil direc
tions. With the foot, or, better, with a post
tamper, thoroughly ilrm tho soil about
tho baso of tho tree. This breaks down
and Illls any runs or burrows Chat may
be just below tho surfaco.
With two shovelBful of fresh soil
or cinders make a small mound, 12 or
14 Inches In diameter at tho baBo and
Young Apple Tree With Wood Ve
neer Wrapper, Having the Earth
Mounded Around It for Protection
Against Both Rabbits and Borers.
from four to bx Inches high about tho
stem of the treo, firming tho soil well.
Tho tops of these small mounds aro
usually kept quite bare by tho sweep
ing forco of tho winter winds, oven If
thero bo several Inches of Bnow on tho
ground. Mlco will not venture out in
these expoBures to feed on tho bark
of tho trees nnd burrowing Into tho
freshly packed soil Is not likely to bo
attempted In tho wlntor oven In open
The mounds may bo left throughout
the year, but they should bo tamped
hard and repaired each autumn. Cin
ders are most excellent material for
this putpoBo as mlco will not burrow
through them. ,
Tho wire screen Is an Ideal and
complete all round protector and Is
given first place among tho mechan
ical forms. Being light and open it
prevents the least obstruction to tho
strong winds, the air and sunshine are
freely admltter and no dark places of
(concealment, such as Invito tho wooly
nphlB and other forms of Insect life
are afforded.
Use galvanised wlro cloth of '4-Inch
mesh. Tho 24-Inch width being the
most convenient for applo trees. Cut
Into 12-inch sections thoy should be
carefully bent or rolled over a small
round piece of wood, allowing tho
edges to lap about ono inch. The cyl
inders aro then placed about tho
trees, whero their own tension will
closo them securely. .
One-Inch mesh poultry netting will
protect tho trees against rabbit, but
not from mice, but l In combination
with a slight mound of soil about the
base of tree, tolce .will rarely prove
Thero Is no dovtce superior In ef
fectiveness against rabbits and ground
hogs as corn stnlkB, and certainly
none cheaper for the farm orchard. A
good plan Is to tako tho bundles of
stover bb thoy como from tho field,
square off tho butts and cut off a two
foot length of tho lower ends of tho
ThCBO sections may bo fed to tho
stock even In a manger or In the feed
lot, where tho blade will bo cleanly
and neatly stripped off.
Flvo or six BtalkB bound firmly about
the Btom of a young treo, with twlno
or Bhort sections of wlro, will consti
tute a protector that will last for sev
eral seasons. Tho stalks readily yield
as tho stem of the treo lncrensoB In
In caso wire ties are used for bind
ing on the Htalk these must be re
moved from about tho treo whon tho
stalks aro taken off, or thpy will drop
down about the collar of tbe tree and
i become covered with soil and forgot
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The Wire Screen,
ten. Trees have boon killed by
girding In this way.
It Is difficult to treat young troos
successfully Hint haxobeon barked by
labbitn or oilier predatory animals.
Whether any tieatment will Hticceed
or not depends largely on how bad
tho girdling 111. ir thu bark Is taken
off clear mound tho treo bo nu to ex
uoso the wood, tho only remedy Is to
bridge graft. This is done by Insert
ing a scion both above and below' tho
wound, nnd, of course, cannot readily
bo done except in spring. While this
enn bo dono successfully, It Ib lm- '
practical for n young treo, nnd the
chances aro that It would bo more
profitable to pull out the treo and re
set with now Block,
If tho girdling Is not particularly
severe It can bo helped by trimming
tho ragged edges of tho bark with a
sharp knife; then covering the nur
faco with grafting wax or othor ma
terial to keep tho wood from drying
out till new bark grows over and
heals tho wound.
A great many nowly plantod trees
dlo becauBo of carelessness In filling
tho hole. It Is Important that this
work bo carefully dono. If tho soil
which waa removed from tho bottom
of tho excavation be hard and lumpy,
It should bo placed to ono sldo and
tho eurfacc boII used first In filling.
Tho main thing to remember In Ail
ing Is that every part of tho root
system should bo In contact with tho
soil. Unless It Is, tho exposed areas
will bo points for tho loss of moisture
and tho drying out of tho roots.
Tho soil surrounding the roots must
be flno If they nro to bo well covered.
Elthor loosen tho soil In tho bottom
of tho holo or throw In two or threo
spndcBful of loose earth so thnt whon
tho treo Is put In It will sink suffi
ciently Into tho soil bo thnt nil under
surfaces will be In good contact with
It. Tho soil mny thon bo filled In, us
ing tho flno soil first and compacting
It well around tho roots.
Thoro Is Ilttlo danger of compacting
tho boII too much, unless It bo of u
clayey nature and somewhat moist.
After tho first fow spadefuls havo
been put In tho eoll may bo packed
tramping. Be careful In compacting
These Do the Damage.
the soil not to crowd tho treo out of
place. The soil should not bcj
mounded at tho base of the tree abovo
tbe natural level of tho land, the top,
two Inches being left as loose and
fine as possible.
Don't Lose the Eggs.
As ducks lay during tho night, or,
early morning, ull the eggs can bo
saved by proper management. To In
sure thla, it becomes necessary to
shut them ,ln their roomB or pens at!
dusk for the night, and as thoy nro,
careless about whoro thoy deposit)
thoir eggs, It Is best to have (besides
tho neBt) the floor well covered with'
dry soil, which, In addition to obsorb-'
Ing all moisture nnd keeping tho floor'
clear of filth, will protect from Injury
eggs thnt might otherwise bo lost;
Ducks are qulto regular layers after!
thoy once begin, usually laying an'
egg every 24 hourfl. To Induce them
t a como In nt nights It Is bent to feed,
thorn at that tlmo, and In the morning:
beforo they nro lot out. Treated thus,
thoy will soon learn to como home utj
sundown for their accustomed food;
nnd aro readily Bccured. At tho proper!
tlmo In tho morning tho eggs nro col-J
lectod, the ducks fed and thon allow
cd their freedom for tho day.
Two or More Varieties.
Do not plant an orchard of one va
riety only. Even good self-pollonlzera
will probably be more satisfactory Ifj
two or more varieties aro set together
than when the orchard Is limited to
one alone.
She Feigns Sleep, Then Screams
for Help, but the Thiel
Gets Away.
Atlantic City, N. J. Awakened by
a promotion thnt somo onu wns near
her, Hazel Drown, the sixteen-year-old
daughter of former Senntor
Chnrlcs L. Brown, of Philadelphia, dis
covered n negro burglar bonding over.
With great proRonco of mind, tho
girl pretended to Bleep until the man,
curtain that ho was undiscovered,
turned away. Hho then roused her
mother, who was sleeping with her,
t creaming for help at tho saint) time.
Mrs. Brown grappled with the In
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Grappled With the Intruder.
trudor, but was easily shaken off by
tho negro, who mado his escape pur
sued by Mr. Brown and several neigh
bors who had been aroused by Miss
Brown's cries.
Sonator Brown and family, who
reside In Philadelphia, havo a cottage
at 102 Vermont avenue, Chelsea, Into
which thoy moved recently. The
burglar gained access to thu house
through a cellar window, going Im
mediately to Miss Brown's room, evi
dently In hopo of obtaining Jowelry.
Ho carried his shoes In onu band, and
in tho other had a bag for plundor.
When discovered he dropped both his
shoes and tho bag, escaping through
tho same window through which be
gained entrance.
At his daughter's first cry for assist
ance Honator Brown leaped from his
bed In tho noxt room nnd, attired In
pajamas, chased tho Intruder through
tho streets.
Mrs. Brown wns said to bo unstrung
from her encounter with tho burglar.
Mies Brown, however, Is Ilttlo the
worso for her experience and wns able
to discuss tho affair with friends. Sho
said the negro was at her pillow when
sho awakened, peering Into her face
In nn effort 'to discover whether he
had boon heard. Shu know that If sho
screamed then sho would probably suf
fer at his hands, and determined to
pretend to sleep until ho was off
Spectator Watching the Aerial Battle
Captures Bird and Eats Finny
West Now Brighton, N. V. -James
Moore had a big blucflsh for breakfast
at his homo tho other morning. He
Bays ho took the blueflah from a fish
hawk after tbe flsh had beaten the
bird In a fight.
Driving ulong tho side of tho lower
bay on South Side boulevard, Whit
lock, Mooro and his chaffeur, Walter
Plckney,- saw tho fish hawk and blue
fish fighting In tho air. Thoy declare
the fish was hitting savagely at tbe
hawk in efforts to free itself from the
bird's talonB, and they watched the
strange battle.
At last the bluoflsh hit the hawk
over tho head with Its toll so hard a
blow that tho hawk waa stunned and
both tho bird and fish fell to the
gorund, ,
Mooro and Plckney ran up and
found the bird had broken Its light
wing In Its fall and was still uncon
scious. Plcknoy got a ropo from tho
car and tied Its legs beforo it came
to and wrapped it in a sack. The
bird weighed fifty pounds and tho fish
four pounds. The fish was still alive.
Who tho hawk recovered it made a
tremendous fuss, but Mr. Mooro fast
ened It In a fowlhouse. Ho lntonds
to present it to the Staten Island
Academy of Natural Science when its
wfnc 1b bettor.
Not Particular.
Chicago. Robt. McGrath, seventeen,
hold on a burglary charge, la alleged;
to havo stolen n piano, four electric
fanB, a moving plcturo machine and a
half bushel of films.
Quotation on Hearts.
Chicago. Miss Kaudo Jowacka la
her suit against Adam Kawals sub
mitted an Inventory of damages dona
In which she valued "ono broken heart
For the Complexion.
Newport, R. I. Because lata hours
are not conducive to clear complex
ions, Eoclct'y leadora have joined la a
movement to have all social fuaotioaa
herafter end at midnight.
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