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About The Red Cloud chief. (Red Cloud, Webster Co., Neb.) 1873-1923 | View Entire Issue (April 25, 1912)
.-ArtJW . .ni
USED AS FIRE FIGHTER
LOCOMOTIVE EMPLOYED IN 80ME.
WHAT NOVEL MANNER.
Tests Recently Made- Show Applica
tion to Be an Unqualified Suc
cessCan Be Quickly Brought
An ever ready mid Ingenious llro
flRhtins apparatus, which Ih applied to
r e e o n 1 1 y been
tented out by tho
railway at tho
ISwing n v o n u o
shops, St. Louis,
Mo., to tho satis
faction or tho llro
chiefs of that city
and tho officials of
tho road. It ' Is
Hlmply a threo
way valvo placed In tho feed-water
pipo of tho locomotive between tho
Injector and tho boiler. A regulation
steam hose, about GO feet In length, Is
used for tho llro hono nnd Is kept on
n reel under tho running board of tho
It was found necessary to uso tho
regulation (.team hose, as an ordinary
F ty &Mfiiii
Fighting a Freight-Yard Fire with the Water Carried by a Locomotive. A
8lmple Three-Way Valve Placed In the Feed-Water Pipe Between the
Injector and the Boiler, and 50 Feet of Regulation 8team Hose Convert
the Locomotive- Into c Fire Fighter.
fire hose would soon bo destroyed on
account of tho hot water coming from
tho injector. The water tanks of the
ordinary yard englno hold about 6,000
gallons of water, nnd tho Idea Is that
when the engine reaches tho sceno ot
a Are In tho yards, the switchman Is
to Jerk the boso from the reel and at
tach It to tho valve connection In the
feed-water pipe and pull the hose to
the fire. Meanwhile the engineer Is
to start his Injector while tho fireman
gets on to tho running board and
opens tho connection to tho tire hoso.
From Popular Mechanics.
MIGHT BE CALLED BABY LINES
Small Railroads That Are Little
Known, but Yet Fill Distinct Field
The picturesquely titled Yreka rail
road ot California links tho town ot
that namo with Montague, tho dls
tanco between tho two points being
less than eight miles. Its rolling stock
consists of two- engines, two freight
and two passenger cars. The road
makes a profit. In 1910 it carried
24,041 passengers, Its net earnings
wero 3,2C9 and Its surplus 555.
The Otis railroad is away up In the
Catsktll mountains in New York, and
Is used to carry summer visitors to
Otis Summit, which Is all that its
namo Implies. When vacation time Is
on this six mllo road and Its trans
portation facilities are pretty well
strained. It connects with the Cats
kill Mountain and tho Cairo railroads.
It has ono stationary engine, two pas
senger and two baggage cars. Last
year tho net earnings of the little road
Fishermen and sportsmen know of
tho Adirondack and St. Lawrence rail
road, running from Hermon to De
Kalb Junction, N. Y., n distance of
three and a half miles. It Is controlled
by tho St Lawrence Pyrites com
pany. In spite of the fact that Its
little right-of-way Is pretty well patron
ized at certain times of tho year, It
doesn't seem to be very flourishing,
according to Its published balance
sheets. Yet in 1910 t carried 18,416
passengers, hoping busy Its two loco
1 motives nnd two passenger and ex
, It Is to ttib American engineer and
contractor that the world Is indebted
for its first lessons In rapid construc
tion of railroads and particularly In
rapid track laying.
' Tho lesson as taught on our western
prairies has led to systematic methods
'of railroad construction, particularly
,wltb a viow to time and labor saving,
in other countries where extensive
lines ahe being built. Thus, we no
tice that recently a record was made
of 6 1-3 miles of main track and 1,200
ffeet of siding laid with, rails in one
day. Tho work was done under Brit
ish engineers on the Daro Kana rail
iway In northern Nigeria. Scientific
Hen Rides Engine Trucks.
When englno No. 1461 ot the Santa
Fo came in from tho cast pulling No.
3 and was taken to the round houBo
a flno largo Rhode Island red hen was
I found sitting on the pony trucks of the
locomotive, just back of tho pilot, re
lates a Newton (Kan.) dispatch. En
gineer McNeil says he ran Into a
,flock of chickens near Peabody, 30
miles distant Now York World.
LEARNED WORK BY DEGREES
Safe and Economical Management ot
Railroads Has Been a Matter of
Railroad running had n remarkably
slew development. As lato ns 1805,
on ono ot tho most Important roads,
the plan was that a conductor Bbould
telegraph from a station to tho con
ductor of an opposing train at tho next
station announcing when ho would
leavo and where ho would meet the
other. After tho two had nrrlvcd at
tin understanding they went ahead on
their own Initiative. ,
With tho growth of trafllo follow
ing tho Civil war It did not taito rail
road men long to discover that this
was not tho best way of managing
operation. At tho outset tho train
despatcher wns usually n conductor or
an euglncmnn who know tho road nnd
Its rules, but know nothing or tho
Morso code. To supply this dellclcncy
he was supplied with an operator.
Tho early train despatches were
on duty whenever required, regard
less of tho clock. Trafllo wan light,
extras wero rnre, nnd In general tho
tlmo table Biilllccd to direct tho oper
ation or n division. So far as possible
trnlns wero run only In tho daytlmo.
As business Increased two despatch
ers took the place of tho ono previous
ly employed. Tho senior worked by
daylight, tho Junior at night. Then It
occurred to the railroads that they
could savo one salary for every do
patchcr by turning the whole Job over
to tho operator, and today, except on
roads whero telephone despatching
has been adopted, familiarity with
telegraphy is tho first essential to
tenure of a train dospatcher's desk.
MEN'S WORTH IS SET FORTH
Practical Illustration Given Employes
of Railroad as to Their Value to
In a recent address II. U. Mudge,
president of the Rock Island railroad,
undertook to estimate a man's com
mercial value from his earning capac
ity. Ho figured, for Instance, that a
man earning $83.33 a month, or $1,000
a year had a capitalized value of $2,
000. Ho rated the salary as interest
at 4 per cent.
In bpcaking to tho employes of the
company, President Mudge said:
"You can mnko yourself worth more,
while a locomotlvo can not. You can
direct your own energies, whllo a loco
motlvo must be directed by a driver.
It restn with you to ralso your own
capitalization to $50,000 to $100,000, or
oven to $500,000. Therefore be care
ful about your food, treat your body
decently, and, above all, feed your
mind. You are working for a largo
corporation. In tho nature of things
It-can not know you very well person
ally, but It knows you by tho work
you turn out, It sots a real valuo on
your work, higher than you think.
Your valuo is measured by the quality
and quantity of results you produce.
Somebody knows your actual worth,
appreciates your honest endeavors
and has you In mind for better things.
It Is a business proposition. Each of
us is capitalized."
As a means ot cutting down the
number of accidents to employes the
Chicago & Northwestern railroad
has organized what is called the safety
committee system. It consists of 500
officers and men In the employ ot the
organization at different points who
aro directed to mako roports of all
sources of danger that they may en
counter in the course ot their business.
For Instance, tho members ot the
committee coll official attention to a
protruding arm or deposits of lumber
at stations, unprotected openings and
mako suggestions ot any character
which may Bervo the desired object
The work of this committee has
shown a very practical result in that
the number of persons Injured about
the yards and shops of the company
has shown a reduction of 17 killed and
Translated It for Him.
Arthus W. Thompson, general man
ager of the Daltlmoro & Ohio railroad,
was riding In a freight engine in the
Cumberland division of that road a
Tho train was a heavy one, made up
of refrelerator cars loaded with the
maximum tonnage for the engine. As
they approached a grado tho engineer
leaned over to tho fireman and yelled:
"Warm her up, old tallowpot, warm
her up. Slam a potplo Into her so
she'll be katish to take the big dip for
"Will you kindly translate that for
mo?" asked Thompson.
"Why, sure," said the engineer. "I
told him to slip some chow to her so
she'll razzle dazzle the hump." Satur
day Evening Post
h i ' vJ..t .
.i - ; .. !
B3k3l9RHCBMBSSKfeVi' ir V .Y$HBBSBBBaBaBaBaBaBaBaa1
StfKilSSMlfWfTGfc'l JaaSv4lL " a?KV v BsBBaBaBaBaBaBaaaBaBH
iiisBPtKSfntiasEvJVV Ir . ilHri" iMsBsiiM
t ?W '
ICEBERG OFF HEW FOUNDLAND
a TLANT1C liners not Infrequent I
Aly treat their summer season
pacscngers to a view of one or
moro icebergs when steaming
along a little to tho south of
Newfoundland. Tho spectoclo really
is a treat, though sometimes rather
Tho chief fascination is the curious
shapes and tho marvelous coloring of
tho Icebergs, no two ot which aro
alike, says a writer In tho New York
S'in. Some aro like Arabs' tents, oth
ers like cliffs, castles, cathedrals,
yacL'ts or even fr.mlllar animals. Some
times the pinnacles rise 1,000 feet up;
on tho water, while the base (or water
line area) may bo ten or twelve acres
Tho colors nre beyond description;
at times puro whlto; at tlmoB ot a
greenish tint, caused by tho reflection
of light upon the mass of Ice under the
water being thrown back upon, the ex
posed surface. The side In shadow
Is a beautiful blue, tho reflected color
of tho sky. Others aro of a darker
bluo because built up of Ice formed
from fresh water that bad melted on
the surface of tho glaciers, or rain or
Beautiful cobalt blue bands nre
sometimes Been running through bergs,
and theso aro tho streams of fresh wa
ter frozen beforo tho berg 1b formed,
Invaluable as tho fresh water supply
of arctic ships. Crews from the sail
ing ships In tho arctic regions are oft
en forced to land on Icebergs for a
Biipply of fresh water, and It Is pretty
Tho men approach In small boats,
clear away tho snow with their oars
and then land. It the berg is big
enough all may go well. But some
times tho smaller ones with tho addi
tional weight of three or four men frill
suddenly settle to one side, or even
turn turtle, throwing the sailors Into
the Icy waters. Not only do these
sailors get water from the bergs, but
they often find seals upon them and
occasionally a polar bear. There are
often water fowls and many arctic
It has generally been believed that
for every cubic foot of ice above water
there aro seven below, and a berg,
therefore, that towers say 100 feet
above the ocean level bus a total
height ot 800 feet Lieut Peary, the
conqueror of the north pole, declaros
that this Is not always the case. "It
Is true," ho sayB, "that the heaviest
part of tho berg Is submerged, but it
Is wrong to say that seven-eighths of
its height Is under water. I have not
ed several Instances whero only two
thirds of a berg was submerged."
Offshoots of Greenland Glaciers.
It is known, of course, that icebergs
ro merely chips from tho great gla
ciers. It was thought at one time that
as the glaciers pushed themselves Into
the sea It was pressuro from behind
that caused masses to become detach
ed from the main body. It is now
known that the calving of icebergs, as
the breaking off of blocks from the
parent glacier Is called, Is produced
solely by tho action of the tide. Up
ward and downward pressure, exerted
by water at the rise and fall of the
tides, on submorged portions of the
glacier front forces off a strip of Ice,
which floats away as a berg.
ThoBe seen In the North Atlantic
by ships passing to and from the Unit
ed States and Canada represent the
wastago from the glaciers of Green
land. There Is found ono of the very
largest glaciers In the world, the Hum
boldt glacier, discovered by Dr. E. K.
Kane only as late as 1853. It Is 60
miles In length and has a perpendicu
lar face of 300 feet How many Ice
bergs are sent on tbelr career through
the ocean by this glacier it is Impos
sible to say, though several explor
ers declare that the Humboldt Is re
sponsible every year for at least half
a million Icebergs.
Tho burgs from Greenland nro car
ried down townrd tho middle of tho
Atlantic by tho Labrador current
They travel right down tho coast ot
Labrador, passing Newfoundland, un
til they reach tho warm wutors of the
gulf stream, when they disappear
melting completely away. It Is only
tho largest bergs that reach the mid
dlo of the Atlantic beforo they disap
pear. On one occasion a berg 100
feet In height and nearly 200 feet In
breadth was found In latltudo 38 do-
green 40 minutes, or nearly In a line
with southern Spnln.
Generally speaking icebergs travel
at the rato ot three to five miles an
hour. They nro carried forward en
tirely by the Btrength of the currents.
The distance they cover Is enormous.
Thousands do not get further than
tho coast of Labrador, whero they be
come stranded. As they have como
from tho Greenland glaciers they have
covered at least 1,800 miles, while
those that reach tho warmer waters of
tho Atlantic mako Journeys of from
2,500 to 3,000 milos. Steamers trav
eling northward from St. John's are
often in view of bergs all day, passing
an endless procession of fantastic and
beautiful shapes. As many bb fifty or
sixty bergs aro sometimes In viow at
Tho captains of theso vessels often
witness a wonderful sight All along
the coasts ot Labrador there is what
Is termed sheet ico that Is, miles of
stationary ico, caused by Icefloes hav
ing frozen solid over open water, and
varying from ton to fifteen" feet In
thlcknebs. Dowr. through tho center
of this frozen field will crash a mighty
iceberg, tearing along at a speod ot
three miles an hour, right through the
Ice, so strong Is the current that la
carrying It forward.
After it has passed steamers will
make their way Into th cLannel and
sail along It Instances have happen
ed, indoed, in which even sailing ves
sels have followed In on iceborg's
wake, and St Nicholas printed years
ago an incident of a Norwegian bark
that was actually towed for some die
tance by a berg.
Near Death In Notre Damo Bay.
The captain ot a steamship that ar
rived in Glasgow recently from St
Thomas reported that some 130 miles
west of Belle Islo his vessel steamed
right into a great ico floe field, which
he estimated at 64 miles long and
about as many broad. Tho steamship
was held fast In tho Ico for 30 hours.
Somo of the icebergs that passed wero
from 500 to 600 feet In height and
threatened at times to crush tho steam
ship. As it was, blocks averaging a
ton in weight frequently fell on tho
One ot the most striking Iceberg
adventures 1b that which befell the
steamship Portia In Notre Damo bay
last season. In clear daylight an Ice
berg was sighted, and passengers and
crew begged the captain to approach
nearer In order that they might Inspect
and photograph It. The Portia there
fore was steered close to the towering
sides of the mighty berg, whose high
est pinnacle glistened Beveral hun
dred feet above tho sea.
Then the unexpected happened.
There wab an explosion like tho shock
of a volcanic eruption, and the mighty
berg wai riven asunder. One of the
plccfp grew top heavy and toppled
over, its base, far under water, catch
ing the Portia and lifting her high and
dry tome ten or twelve feet above the
The mighty overturning ot the berg
created enormous swells, and theso
huge waves were the only thing that
saved the ship from destruction. The
weight of the ship caught on Its shelf
ot ice, 'ept the berg from turning a
complete somerssult. and a huge swell
picked u the vessel and launched her
again, stern first In the sea-
EVEN BY FEATHERWEIQHT8.
lie Sonic preachern say dancing Is
hurtful. Do yop belluo dancing hurts
She Yes; If you get your reot
ALMOST CRAZY WITH ECZEMA
"I, tho undersigned, cannot glvo
enough pralso to tho Outlcura lltiiu
pdlcs. I had been doctoring 'for nt
least a year for eczema on my foot. I
had tried doctor nfter doctor all to
no avail. When a young girl I sprained
my nnklo three different times, paying
llttlo or no attention to it, when live
years ago a small spot showed upon
my left ankle. 1 was worried nnd sent
for n doctor. Ho said It was eczema.
Ho drew a small bono from tho nnklo
about tho slzo of a mate!) nnd about
an Inch long. Tho small liolo grow
to about tho slzo of un apple, nnd tho
ctvcinn spread to tho knee. Tho doc
tois never could heal tho hole In tho
anlclc. Tho wholo foot ran water all
"My husband and my sons wero up
night and day wheeling mo from ono
room to another In tho hopo of giving
mo some relief. I would sit for hours
nt a tlmo In front of tho ilieplacn
hoping for dayhrenk. Tho pain was
so Intcuso I was nlmost crazy, In fact,
I would loco my reason for hours nt
a tlmo. Ono day a friend of mlno
dropped In to sco mo. No moro hnd
sho glnnced nt my foot than sho ex
claimed: 'Mrs. Finnegan, why In tho
world don't you try tho Cutlcura Rem
cdlcBt' Being disgusted with tho doc
tors and tliolr medicines, nnd not be
ing nblo to sleep at nil, I decided to
glvo the Cutlcura Soap and Cutlcura
Ointment a trial. After using them
threo days that night I slept as Hound
as a silver dollar for eight long hours.
1 awoko In tho morning with but very
llttlo pnln, in fact, I thought I was
in heaven. After using tho Cutlcura
Remedlos for threo months I wns per
fectly restored to health, thanks to
tho Cutlcura Soap nnd Ointment. I
will bo sixty-four years ot ago my
next birthday, halo and hearty nt pres
ent." (Signed) Mrs. Julia Finnegan,
2234 Hebert St., St. Louis, Mo., Mar.
7, 1911. Although Cutlcura Sonp and
Ointment nro sold by druggists and
dealers everywhere, a sample of each,
with 32-pago book, will bo mnilcd
freo on application to "Cutlcura,"
Dopt L, Boston.
Money sometimes talks when you
want to keep It quiet '
For torpid, Inactlvo or disordered liver,
take UurUeld Tea. All drutfKlMs.
Somo men never brag about them
selvesand don't binmo them.
HAPPY THO MARRIED?
j mere are unhappy married lives, but large perocatafe ol these aabappT
homes are due to the illness ol the wife, mother or daughter. The feelinia of
arvouineti, the befoiged mind, the ill-temper, the pale and wrinkled face, hollow
end circled eyes, result most often from thoae disorders peculiar to women. For
the woman to be happy and Hood-looking she muit naturally have good health. '
Dratftag-down feeliogt, hysteria, hot-flashes or constantly returning paias end
aches are too treat a drain upon a womaa'a vitality and strength. Or. Pieroe'e'
Favorite Prescription restores weak and aick women to sound health by refu
fating and eorreoting the local disorders which are generally respoasible for the)
above distressing srmptosss.
fOHN DUDIOitli CO.,
W. L. DOUGLAS
2.25 2.50 3.00 '3,50 MOO & '5.00
For MEN. WOMEN and BOYS
THE STANDARD OF QUALITY
FOR OVER 30 YEARS
WEAR W. L. DOUGLAS SHOES
You can save money because they are
more economical and satisfactory in
style, fit and wear than any other makes.
W. L. Douglas name and price stamped
on the bottom guarantees full value and
protects the wearer against high prices
and inferior shoes. Insist upon having the
genuine W. L. Douglas shoes. JbemiJl".
If roar drsler cannot snpplr W. I. Douglas shore,
pomrlas, llraiklon. Mam, (ur catalog Hhon wnt
Urery charges prepaid.
rprr trip to san francisco
lAEiEi during the Panama Pacific International Exposition,
including first-class transportation, Pullman double berth, two weeks in
modern hotel, admissions to exposition grounds and twenty special attrac
tions, sight-seeing trips in and around San Francisco. Will be given
in return forsome pleasant work durlngyour leisure hours. Write at once giving references,
T. I. BkCiare, State Maaafsr Sw rrsscisce Exjwsttlea Tear Ca., MS le Istta Oeks, Ihl.
Potash Cohen can ncfer make a
gnot golluf Mayor.
I'crlinuttcr For vy not?
Potash Ho neffer hollers fore al
ways ho yells droo ninety-eight Wis
A better thing thnn tooth powder tr
cloanso and whiten tho teeth, remove'
tartar and prevent decay Is a prcpora-i
Hon called I'axtlun Antiseptic. At'
drugglHts, 2tiR a box or scut postpaid
on receipt of prlcn by Tho 1'nxtou
Toilet Co., Boston, Mass-
Husband (scathingly) You get nar
noucr every day.
Wifo (complacently) Yes, I havft
tho fashlonablo tlguro.
"This dentist calls his ofllco a dental
"Well Isn't It a drawing room?"
A woman is so iifcmI to pinning'
things that sho can't understand why
n tnnn should mako so much fuss about
a missing button.
Mrs. Wtnilow'M flnotMntf Syrup for Children
U'cttilnit. wiflt'iiHtlH" iftniiH, mliirt'H Inllnminn
tlou, nlluyH jmlu, cures vrltul colic, 25o o. buttle.
Look for crosses; ami whllo It la
fair weather mend tho sails of tho,
ship. Samuel Rutherford.
N'lilmruiftildnilti (Intilpld Tea. Itlscom
posed wholly of Min!o liculih-glvlnir herbs.
Tho man with money speaks tho
A BAD STOMACH
Then don't wonder at
your run-down condition.
Your food is not being
properly digested, thus
causing Heartburn, Gas
on Stomach, Belching,
Indigestion and Costive
nqss. You should try a
It makes weak stomachs
strong and maintains
health. At all Druggists.
OImmm tu bawtli
Vwm nils to BMtor. (MM
CTVTvnw nair imiiinjr.
OltKAT HIIICIC-M. L'UHKH KIDNKY. HLADUKH mMKAftU
Hn4 uMlt.a lop for CHUN bU-t In K. I.K CI IRQ
MKU. Ill , IIAVKMiTOCK UD IUnTSTKAI), UINIiON, K.NO.
PpfliAfC of thi3 papcr desirin8 t0 buy
lCaUCl S anything advertised irritscol-
umns should insist upon having what they
ask for.rcf using all substitutes or imitations
I tnffarad sreaUjr for a mmbir of ywra and for the past thre
ytars was so badthat llfo was m Ritsary to mt," wriUa Mas. B. F. Dia
ovn,ot UUea, Ohio, Routa 4. MTba doetora told ma 1 would batra ta
sro to a hospital bfor I would erar bo batter. A yaar aao this winter
and spring I waa worao than ever bafora. Attach period I suffered Ilka?
one In torment. I am the mother of six children. I was so bad foe
five months that I knew something must bo dona, ao I wrote to Dr. R. V.
Pierce, telling him aa nearly aa I could bow I suffered. He ouUtned
course ot treatment which I followed to the letter. I took two bottle
of Favorite Prescription ' and one of ' Golden Medical Dleeorery ' and
fifty-cent botUe of Smart-Weed and have never suffered much slneew
I with 1 could toll every suffering- woman the world over what a boon,
Dr. Pierce's medicines are. There la no use wasting time and money
doctoring with anything else or any oa else."
The Medical Adviser by R.V. Pieroe, M. D Buffalo,'
N. Y., answers hoita of delicate questions about which)
every woman, single or married ought to know. Sent fr$t
on receipt of 31 stamps to pay for wrapping, sad mailing oaly.
Terr Matty. Th nick an eared, and alt otfem la
AM, by tiling KfolINU l.lQUlU lUBTMU'KK CUHrl OIt 04
be Inuifu-.qr In feed. Act on toe Wood and eipel germs oC
II form, or distemper. Beet remedy erer known for maree la f oaLi
I manufacturers. Cut ebowe how to poultice throat. Our free
I booklet elves every thin. Local aeente wanted. Largest sailing
. horse remedy to eiUlenoe twelTOjeara, .
writs W. u
sA jiaipyr TaV
EffiaV V-V 1 nfaaaW.
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t tt '
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