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About The Red Cloud chief. (Red Cloud, Webster Co., Neb.) 1873-1923 | View Entire Issue (April 25, 1912)
AS THE TITANIC INI TO
Graphic Description Given
By a Reporter.
1,726 Lives Lost in This Most
Appalling of All Sea Tragedies
Boat Strikes Berg and Then
Boilers Explode Brave Men
and Women Meet Death With
BY CARTER P. HURD.
, ! Reporter, N. Y. World, who r
Hved the Carpathla.
Coprrlht, 1013, by Iu1l!er Pnbllah-
las Compaan nil rlhla remtrrtti.
Auj violation of thfa copyright will
be Tlroalr prnarcaled by the N.
New York, April 10. Seventeen
hundred liven the figures will hardly
aary In cither direction by moro than
a few dozen were lout In tho "Inking
of the TlUinto which struck an Ice
berg at 11:4C p. m. Sunday and was
at the ocean's bottom 2 hours and 35
The printed rolls of first and sec
md cabins, compared with the list of
the survivors on tho Carpnthla, show
Chat of 341 flrst-cabln passengers, 212
jwore saved, 154 of thorn womon and
children; and that of 2C2 second
cabin passengers, 116 were saved, 102
of them women and children, of tho
thlfd-clasB passengers, 800 In num
ber, 13C survive of whom 83 are
sromen and children.
Of 985 officers and crow, 109, In
eluding 22 women, reached tho Car
pathla. A few In each class doubtlcsB
Mcaped enumeration on tho Carpa
thla. 1,688 Are Unaccounted For.
Accoptlng tho estimate of tho Car
fcathla's officers that 700 survlvorn
reached tho ship, comparison with tho
total, 2,388, shows that 1.CS8 nro un
Thoro Is but tho faintest hopo that
any of these reached any other ship.
Reports that tho California, a cattle
hip, may have rescued a few persons,
liave given merciful respite from ut
ter despair to some of tho women.
Cause, responsibility nnd similar
(questions regarding the stupendous
disaster will be taken up in tlmo by
the British mnrtno authorities. No
(disposition has been shown by any
(survivor to quostion tho courage of
khe crew, hundreds of whom saved
lothors nnd gave their own lives with
la heroism which counted, but could
hot exceed thnt of John .lncob Astor,
Henry B. Harris, Jacques Futrello and
others In tho long list of tho first
Officers Knew Icebergs Were Near.
Pacts which I have established by
Inquiries on the Cnrpnthla, ns post-
Evely as they could be established In
ow of tho silence of tho few survlv
K officers, nro:
That the Tltanlc's ofllcors knew,
ovornl hours before tho crash, of tho
posslblo nearness of Icebergs.
That the Tltanlc's speed, nearly 23
knots an hour, was not slackened.
, That the number of lifeboats on the
Titanic was Insufficient to accommo
date much more than one-third of tho
passengers, to soy nothing of tho
crow. Most members of tho crew
Way there were 16 lifeboats and two
icollapslbles; none say thcro wore
more than 20 boats In all. The 700
who escaped filled most of tho 16 lire
boats and the one collapsible which
rot away to the limit of tholr capac
ity. "Women First" Rule Enforced.
That the "womon first" rule, In
some cases, was applied to the extent
at turning back men who were with
their families, even though not enough
women to All tho boats wero at hnnd
on that particular port of the deck.
Borne few boats wero thus lowered
without being completely filled, but
most of these were soon filled with
sailors and stewards, picked up out
of tho water, who helped mnn them.
That the bulkhead system, though
probably working in tho manner In
tended, availed only to delay the
fchlp's sinking, tho position nnd length
bf the shlp'e wound (on the stnrbonrd
quarter) admitted Icy water which
caused the boilers tn explode, and
these explosions practically brokn the
hip In two.
Bulkheads Rendered Ineffective.
Had the ship struck tho Iceberg
bead-on, at whatever speed, nnd with
Whatever resultant shock, the bulk
bead system of water-tight compart
ments would probably have saved tho
vessel. As one man expressed it, It
Was the "Impossible" that happened
when, with a shock unbelievably mild,
khe ship's side was torn for a length,
Which made the bulkhead system In
effective. The Titanic was 1,799 miles from
Queenstown and 1,191 miles from
New York, speeding for a maiden voy
age record. The night was starlight,
the sea glassy. Lights were nut in
most of the staterooms, and only two
r three congenial groups remained
ta the public rooms.
In the crow's nest, or lookout, and
an the bridge, officers and memberp
Sf the crew were at their places,
awaiting relief at midnight from their
two hours' watch.
Danger Warning Sounded.
At 11:45 came the sudden sound of
two gongs, a warning of Immediate
The crash against the Iceberg which
had been sighted at only a quarter of
a mllo, camo almost simultaneously
with tho click of the levers oporetcd
by thoso on tho bridge, which stopped
the engines and closed tho water
Captain Smith was on the brldgo a
moment later giving orders for the
summoning of nil on board, and for
the putting on of life-preservers and
tho lowering of llfoboats.
Many Men In First Boats.
Tho llrst boats lowered contained
moro men tlinn tho latter ones, as the
mon wero on deck first and not
enough women to fill them.
When, a moment Inter, tho rush of
frightened women nnd crying chil
dren to tho deck began, enforcement
of the "women first" rule became rigid.
Officers loading somo of tho boats
drew revolvers, but In most enses the
men, both passengers nnd crow, be
haved In n way that called for no such
Report Captain 8hot Self.
Revolver shots, heard by many
persons shortly boforo tho end of tho
Titanic, caused many rumors. Ono
was that Captain Smith shot himself,
another was thnt First Officer Mur
dock ended his life. Smith, Murdock
and Sixth Officer Moody are known
to have been lost. The surviving of
ficers, Llghtoller, Pitman, Bothall and
Lowe have made no statement.
Members of the crow discredit nil
reports or suicide, and say Captain
Smith remnlned on the brldgo until
Just before the ship sank. leaping only
nfter thoso on tho decks had been
washed away. It Is also related that,
when a cook later sought to pull
him aboard a lifeboat he exclaimed:
"Let me go!" and, Jerking away, went
" LIfe-Preservers Effective.
What became of the men with life
preservers Is a question asked slnco
tho disaster by many persons. The
MOST DREADED PART
preservers did their work of support
ing tholr wearers In the water until
the ship went down. Many of thoso
drawn Into the vortex, despite the
preservers, did not come up again.
Dead bodies (loafed on tho surfaco as
the last boats moved away.
Band Plays as Ship 8lnks.
To relate that tho ship's string band
gathered In tho saloon, near the end,
and played "Nearer, My God, to
Thee," sounds like an attempt to glvo
an added solemn color to a scene
which waB in itself tho climax of sol
emnity. Dut various passengers and
survivors of the crew ugreo In tho
declaration that they heard the music.
To somo of tho hearers, with hus
bands among tho dying men In tho
wuter and nt the ship's rail, tho strain
brought tn thought tho words:
"So, by my woes I'll be
Nearer, my God, to theo,
Nearer to thee."
"Women and children first," was the
order tn the filling of tho Tltanlc's
lifeboats. How well that ordor was
fultlllcd tho list of missing llrst and
second cabin passengers bears elo
quent witness. "Mr." Is before almost
Chose Death With Husbands.
Mrs. Isldor Straus, who cboso death
rather than to leave her husband'B
Fide; Mrs. Allison, who remained be
low with her husband and daughter,
and others who, In various ways wore
kept from entering tho line or those
to bo saved, are striking examples of
thoso who faced tho disaster calmly.
To most of tho passengers the mid
night crash did not seem of tcrrlrlc
nrco HMdgo phverF In tho smoking
room kept on with thrt'' gimo.
"co o deck unrltntert to
rntor the rwlnglng ilr'onts, Tho
Blwv ten. the Ft r" fy, tho ah
cenro. In tho ilr.n to" tos. ot In-
trr"" Mti'l'nmont. k tlio leol-
Ink tNt thrri wit r r slight
' 'n-M t1n tj.'p thn
Remarkable Heroism Dis
played by All.
Enforcement of the Rule "Women
First" Sunders Family Ties
Forever Famous Americans
Show Elements of Strong Man
hood -Passengers in Lifeboats
Watch Great Steamer Sink.
boats would have a chilly half hour
below, and might later bo laughed at.
It was such a feeling as this, from
all accounts, which cuuscd John Ja
cob Astor and his wlte to rofuse the
places offered them in the first boat
and to retire to tho gymnnalum. In
the sarao way H. J. Allison, Montreal
banker, laughed at tho warning, and
his wife, rcassurod by him, took her
time about dressing. They and their
daughter did not reach tho Carpathla.
Their son, less than two years old,
was carried Into a lifeboat by his
nurse and was taken In charge by,
MaJ. Arthur Peuchen.
The admiration felt by passengers
and cfow for tho matchlessly appoint
ed vessel was translated, In those
llrst few moments, Into a confidence
which, for some, proved deadly.
Lifeboats Are Lacking.
In tho loading of tho first boat, re
strictions of sex wero not made, and
it seemed to the men who piled In be
side tho women that there, would be
boats enough for all. Hut the ship's
officers know bettor than this, and as
the spreading fear caused an earnest
advanco toward tho suspended craft
the order, "Women first!" was heard,
and tho mon were pushed aside.
To tho scenes of tho next two hours
OF ATLANTIC OCEAN.
on thoso docks and In the waters be
low, such adjectives as "dramatic"
and "tragic" do but poor Justice. With
the knowledge of deadly peril gaining
greater power each moment over
those men and women, the nobility
of the greater part, both among cabin
passengers, officers, crew and steer
age, asserted Itself.
Straus Held Back by Guard.
Isldor Straus, supporting bis wife
on her way to a lifeboat, was held
back by an Incxorablo guard. Another
officer strove to help her to a seat of
safety, but sho brushed away his arm
and clung to her husband, crying, "1
will not go without you."
Another woman took her place, and
nor form, clinging to her husband's,
became part of a plcturo now drawn
Indelibly In many minds. Neither wife
nor husband, so far as anyone knows,
reached a ploco of safety.
Astor and Wife Part.
Colonel Astor, holding his wife's
arm, stood decorously aside as the
officers Bpoko to him, and Mrs. Astor
and her maid were ushered to seats.
Mrs. Henry, 11. Harris parted in like
manner from her husband, saw him
last at the rail, beside Colonel Astor.
Walter M. Clark of Los Angeles,
nephew of the Montana senator,
Joined the line of men as his young
wlte, sobbing, was placed in one of
"Lot him come! There 1b room I "
cried Mrs. Emit Taussig as tho mon
of the White Star lino motioned to
her husband to leavo her. It was with
difficulty, that ho released her hold to
permit her to be led to her place.
Gcorgo D. Wldcnor, who hnd been
tn Captain Smith's company a few
moments aftor tho crash, was an
other whoso wife was parted from
i Im and lowered, a moment later, to
the Fiirfnco of tho calm sen.
putt, Hsys and Stead Lost.
Of Mnjrr Archlo Hutt, a favorite
-.1th hli follow tourists; of Charles M.
Hays, president of the Grand Trunk;
of IJenJamln Guggenheim, and of WIN
Ham T. Stead, no one seems to know
whother they tarried too long In tholr
staterooms or whether they foroboro
to approach tho fast filling boats
Nono of them was in tho throng
which, weary hours afterward, reached
Pistols Check Steerage Men.
Simultaneously on the upper decks
of tho ship the ropes creaked with tho
lowering ot boats, and as they reached
the water those In the boats saw
what those on the dockB could not
see that the Titanic was Hating rap
Idly to Btarboard, and that her stern
was rising at a portentlous angle. A
rush of steerage men toward the
boats was checked by officers with
revolvers In hand.
Some of the boats, crowded too full
to glvo rowers a chance, drifted for a
tlmo. Nono bad provisions or water,
there was a lack of covering from the
Icy air, and the only lights were the
still undlmmed arcs and lncandescents
of tho settling ship, save for one of
tho first boats. There a steward, who
explained to tho passengers that bo
had been shipwrecked twlco before,
appeared carrying thrco orauges and a
Green Lantern as Savior.
That green light, many of the sur
vivors suy, was to tho shipwrecked
hundreds as tho pillar of fire by night.
Long after the ship bad disappeared,
and while confusing false lights
danced about the boats, tho green lan
tern kept them together on the course
which led them to the Carpathla.
As the end of the Titanic became
manifestly but a matter of moments,
the oarsmen pulled their boats away,
and the chilling waters began to echo
splash after splash as passengers and
sailors In life preservers leaped over
and started swimming away to es
cape the expected suction.
Icy Water Brings Death.
Only the hardiest of constitutions
could endure for moro than a few mo
ments such a numbing bath. Tho
first vigorous strokes gave way to
heartbreaking cries of "Help! Help!"
nnd stiffened forms wero soon, the
faces relaxed In death.
Revolver shots wero heard In the
ship's last moments. The first report
spread among tho boats was that Cap
tain Smith bad ended his life with a
bullet. Then It was said that a mate
had Bhot a steward who tried to push
his way upon a boat against orders.
None of. these tales have been . veri
fied, and many of the crew say tho
captain, without a preserver, leaped
In nt the last and went down, refusing
a cook's offered aid.
Last Lifeboat Is Capsized.
The last of the boats, a collapsible,
was launched too late to get away,
and was overturned by the ship's
sinking. Some of those In it all, say
some witnesses found safety on a
raft, or were picked up by lifeboats.
In tho Marconi tower, almost to the
last, tho loud click of the Bending In
strument was heard over the waters.
Who was receiving tho message, those
In tho boats did not know, and they
would least of all have supposed that
a Mediterranean ship in 'the distant
South Atlantic track would bo their
Music Was a 8acrament.
As tho screams in the wator multi
plied another sound was heard, strong
at first, then fainter in the distance.
It was the melody of the hymn,
"Nearer, My God, to Thee," played by
tbo string orchestra In tho dining
saloon. Somo of thoso on the water
started to sing the words, but grew
silent as they realized that for the
men who played, the music was a sac
rament soon to be consummated by
death. The serene strains of the
hymn and the frantic crlos ot the dy
ing blended In a symphony of Borrow
T,tanlc Goes to Bottom.
Led by tbo green light, under the
light of the stars, the boats drew
away, and the bow, then the quarter,
then the stacks, and at last the stern
of the marvel-ship of a few days be
fore passed beneath the waters. The
great force of the ship's sinking was
unaided by any violence of the ele
ments, and the suction, not so great
as had been feared, rocked but mildly
the group of boats now a quarter ot a
mile distant from It.
Sixteen boats were In the forlorn
procession which entored on the terri
ble hours of rowing, drifting and sus
pense. Women wept for lost hus
bands and sons. Sailors sobbed for
the ship which had been their pride.
Men choked back tears and sought to
comfort the widowed. Perhaps, they
said, other boats might have put off in
another direction toward the last.
They strove, though none too sure
themselves, to convince the women ot
the certainty that a rescue ship would
Carpathla Brings Joy.
Early dawn brought no ship, but not
long after 5 a. m. the Carpathla, far
out ot her path and making 18 knots
an hour Instead of her wonted 16,
showed her single red and black
smokestack upon the horizon. In the
Joy ot that moment, the heaviest
griefs were forgotten.
Soon afterward, Captain Koatron
and Chief Steward Hughos were wel
coming the chilled and bedraggled
arrivals over the Carpatbia's side.
The list of survivors given out attet
the Carpathla reached port did not
contain the name ot Arthur Ryerson,
formerly ot Chicago, although the
other members of his family were
t saved. Miss Elizabeth Isham of Chi-
cago Is not In the list of rescued. K.
G. Lewy, Chicago Jewoler, was not oa
A survivor says the crew acted with
great courage but not with more
heroism than was shown by John Ja
cob Astor, Jacques Putrelle and others
of the noted passengers who perished.
A PECULIAR DEATH
GEORGE BEESON PULLS THUMB
OUT BY THE ROOTS.
NEWS FROM OVER THE STATE
What la Going on Here and Thsre
That It of Interest to the Read-
ere Throughout Nebraska
Grand Island. Carl Bock, a young
man employed In the filtering tutik
works of tho Union Pacific shops
here, strangled to death In a peculiar
manner. His coat sleovo became
caught In tho machinery and his
clothes were wound about his neck in
Buch a manner as to bring death al
most Instantaneously. Tho clothing
stopped tho machinery, and follow
workmen discovered Hock's body.
Echo of Blunt Tragedy.
Papllllon. Sheriff Ilycrs of Lancas
ter county, Chief of I'ollco Brlggs and
John C. Trotttou of South Omaha wero
arraigned In tho Surpy county court
at Papllllon, charged with man
slaughter us the result of tho killing
of Hoy Blunt last mouth. All pleaded
not guilty and were held lu $2,500
bond for preliminary.
Loses Thumb In Disc Machine.
Geneva. Georgo Becson, a black
smith living hero, got tho thumb of
his right hund caught In aAllac ma
chine at which he was working and
had it pulled off, tho tendons being
torn asunder, somo close to tho thumb
and others well up In tho arm.
Open New Auditorium.
WcBt Point. Tho formal opening of
;he new auditorium at West Point
took place Thursday evening In the
presenco of tho largest crowd ever as
sembled at one place In the history of
Norfolk. A tornado at O'Nell, Nob.,
lifted his ten-year-old daughter from
the arms of L. B. Caroy, while ho wus
rushing to a storm cellar and carried
her ten miles. She landed In a grove
practically unharmed. Sho was not
found until morning and had Buffered
from the cold. Her clothing was torn
by tho trees into which the tornado
had dropped her.
NEW8 FROM THE STATE HOUSE.
Stato Treasurer George collected
$532,000 in cash during tho first thrco
months of this year, and collected
$457,000 tho first thrco months ot last
'Governor Aldrlch as head of tho Ne
braska branch of tho American Red
Cross society has Bent out an appeal
for aid for the sufferers living in tho
lower Mississippi vnlley.
Chief Deputy OH Inspector William
Husenetter wus at his offlco Thurs
day for tho first tlmo In ten days, ho
having been spending all of that tlmo
In a local hospital. Muscular Rheuma
tism contracted whllo fighting the re
cent high water in tho valleys of But
ler county wns the reason for tho
Btnto official's detention ut the hos
pital. State Engineer Prlco Is not so sure
that the owners of irrigated lands in
the western part ot tho state are go
ing to receive as much benefit from
government water ns at first ap
peared. Secretary Fisher appeared
eminently fair in his discussion of tho
matter with Governor Aldrlch and Mr.
Price, but put nothing in writing
which would outline definitely his
An appropriation of $600,000 Is to bo
asked of the legislature next winter
for the completion of the State His
torical society's building, of which the
basement and foundation of tho south
wing was constructed two years ago
on the Blto at Sixteenth and H streets,
When done the building will occupy
the entire block across from the capl
tol extending from H to J streets and
will extend halt along the block to the
A number of commencement ad
dresses and for Memorial day have al
ready been scheduled for Governor
Aldrlch. He will speak on Memorial
day, May 30, at Talmage. His com
mencement talks are to bo at the fol
lowing places: Shubert, May 15; Dun
bar, May 16; Table Rock, May 17;
St. Paul, May 21; Ansloy, May 22; Al
liance, May 23; Grafton, May 24;
Wayne normal, May 28.
Owing to the recent fire in tho uni
versity museum, the state geological
survey will not be as comprehensive
this summer and tho party which
usually leavos the fore part of June
will probably -not begin work until
some time in July. An enormous
amount of work remains to be done
In the museum as a result of the flro
and all of the first month ot vaca
tion will probably be spent by Curator
Barbour and his assistants In replac
ing the exhibits lost In the flames.
A hew American Sag has been re
ceived at tho office of the superintend
ent of grounds and buildings at the
state university and It is now adorn
ing the new fagpolo on top of Uni
versity hall. The ensign will bo In
evldenco hereafter on every day In
which school Is In session.
Capt. Halsey E. Yates, Seventeenth
United States Infantry, who has been
commandant ot the state university
cadets for the last three years, has
received orders assigning him to duty
with the Thirtieth Infantry, now sta-
I Cloned at the Presidio. San Francisco,
BRIEF NEWS OF NEBRASKA
Scottsbluff haB orgunlzcd a golf and
Mr. nnd Mrs. Claus Eggora of
Yutan celebrated their golden wed
A building boom has Btartcd at Shu
bert. At least six uoubcs will bo
erected this Bprlng.
John Kavanlcka had his loft leg
broken and wus badly bruised in a
runaway at David City.
A Are did considerable damago In
tho feed yards belonging to John N.
Heldt at Yutan, Saturday.
Smallpox has broken out at Howe,
but a prompt quarantine confines the
disease to one or two families. !
Miss Emma Morton, sister of the
late J. Sterling Morton, died at her
homo in Nebraska City, Saturday.
A preliminary organization of boy
scouts has been formed In Beatrice,
In churgo of Scoutmaster V. R. John
son, The Elmwood Commorclal club will
co-operate with the farmers in main
taining good roads leading to that
Martin Schccklcr, ono of tho
pioneers of Nebraska City, died nt his
home Tuesday morning after a brief
Rasmus Larscn, aged sixty-two, was:
Instantly killed by being run over by
a Burlington switch engine at Grand
Christ BonncsB, a ranchman near
Alliance, was caught in tho severe
storm Saturday aiyl died from ex
posure. Miss Anna East, a Fremont girl,
will go to the Philippine islands ta
teach economics at tho government
State bank deposits in Nebraska on
March 16 aggregated over $80,000,000,
which Is the highest figure over
The stakes wore driven at Syracuse
Tuesday afternoon for tho Eagles'
home, that will cost between $8,000
John Braddock was shot by a com
panion while out hunting nenr Hum
boldt, the injury resulting In complete
Rev, E. R. Anderson, pastor of tlin
Danish Lutheran Evangelical church
at Fremont, has accepted a call to
Kenmoro, N. D and will-leavo In
Tho Lincoln German day commttteo
has decided to celebrate two days this
fall, October 8 and 9, tho last day be
ing devoted to a legendary-historic
W. Q. Dickinson of Seward has of
fered a cholco building location to tho
city, provided vtho now Carnegie
library and tho V. M. C. A. building
will both bo located thereon.
Tho highest prlco paid for wheat
on tho floor of tho Omaha grain ex
change this year was recorded Thurs
day morning, when a car of No. 3
mixed wheat was sold at $1.0S& a
Tho farmers In the vicinity of Howo
nro very busy getting the ground In
shupo for oats. Most ot tho seeding
has been done. Wheat is badly killed
and many fields will huvo to bo plant
ed to corn.
In attempting to cross tho railroad
track at North Platto during a high
wind storm, Ell Harris wan run down
by a Union Pacific switch engine and
so badly mangled that he died within
a tow hours.
In the Methodist campaign foi
$400,000 increaso for tho ondowmenl
of Nebraska Wosloyan university
Chester has reported the largest
single subscription of any placo up ta
tho present time.
Harrison Merrill, an aged man liv
ing near Ansley, came near losing hla
lite when ho was caught In a quick
sand whllo fishing. He struggled In
the treacherous mire for four hours
before he was rescued.
Charles Strader of Lincoln, chairman
of the Wesleyan endowment fund
campaign, has received word from
Rev. John Yates, a pastor at Chester,
that Mrs. Martin Dewey of that place
had tendered a $10,000 subscription to
The Missouri river swallowed up
fifty-nine acres of fine farm land
owned by Mr. Hunter, who lives Just
across tho river from Plattsmouth.
This is the finest land In that vicinity
and has been farmed with great profit
At a recent meeting of tho Minis
terial association of Lincoln it was
unanimously voted to form two base
ball teams which will meet In mortal
combat at the next mooting, June 3.
The Rov. F. S. Stein was appointed
manager of tho affair.
Tho endowment fund for tho Ne
braska Wesleyan university was put
before the Mothodlsts of Clay Center,
Thursday evening, by Dr. L. R. De
Wolf of Fairmont, L. O. JoneB of Lin
coln and Bishop John L. Noulsen
The annual meeting of tho Nebras
ka County Judges' association at
Grand Island elected Judge Campbell
of Polk county as president and Judge
KoIbo ot Franklin county as secretary
treasurer. The attendance was disap
pointing, only about twenty-five of the
county Judges ot the stato attending.
A Mrs. Roy, near Humboldt, was
badly poisoned by eating a salad ot
which English walnuts were part of
A meeting In the interest ot the
Wesleyan endowment was held at Te
cumsob, Sunday. L. O. Jones of Lin
coln was the speakpr.
Ground has been broken for the
now $20,000 Central Christian church
of Kearney. The church will be
erected In the heart of tho city.
While attempting to play with a
litter of puppies, Carl Scott of Lin
coln, five years of ago, was severely
bitten In the face by the mother dog.
nliwii wti-iiii.-'a'i' i i mm
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