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About The Red Cloud chief. (Red Cloud, Webster Co., Neb.) 1873-1923 | View Entire Issue (Oct. 26, 1911)
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JJ AjEdwin Morri
copymm ar PSAfoofl puq. ca.
VERY ton seconds, eomowhoro In
the- world, a baby dies. A blinking
red light nmdo this statement to
those who attended the convention
of tho American Association for
tho Study and Prevention of In
faiit Mortality at llaltlmorc, laat
November. In one comer of tho
room was an electric light, en
cased In n red bulb. Six times a
minute 7.C40 times n day tho
light went out; and, every time
tho light faded from tho bulb,
BOUICWhorn In thn u-nrlil tho lli.l.f
faded from a mother's eyes. So fast do our chil
Sometimes they dlo fnstcr. They died faster
last summer. If babies kept diaries, Inst summer
would go down in tho annnls of tho survivors
bb tho "black summer of 1910." In tho slnglo
city of New York, 873 died In n single week.
Every little poor street had Its littlo whlto hcarso.
rVM11, durln gtho courso ot o summer,
8,000 children died that ought to havo lived; that
AunBy' they dIcU from loventablo causes.
Cnlldron die from two kinds of causes; those
that aro preventable and thoso that nro not. This
Is news. Your grandmother and, possibly, your
mother belloved that every child that died could
not havo been saved. Everybody thought bo.
Preventable causes of deaths were not recognized.
It wns taken as n mattor of courso that women
should bear twice ns many children as were re
quired to maintain the population, because half
of them wero bound to die.
Wo still let half of tho chlldron die, but wo
km better. Wo know they need not dlo. Wo
know they wero born to live. Wo know that
thoy do not have a chance to livo. Wo havo even
exploded the old supposition that tho children ot
the physically wenk must of necessity bo physical
ly weak. We now know that the chlldron or tho
physically weak are born almost ns strong as
the child of tho strongest.
Every Intelligent physician knows this
statement to bo true. However, lot
some eminent physician stand for It.
Caleb W. Saleoby, one of tho most emi
nent physicians In England, Is such an
an authority. Kead bat ho says on tho
subject In "Parenthood and Kaco Cul
ture": "Most of the babies born In the clums
are splendid littlo specimens of humanity so far
as physique Is concerned bearing no marks ot
degeneration to correspond with tho deterioration
of their parents. In a word, heredltory works
... so that each generation gets a fresh
In another part of tho samo book, Dr. Saleeby
estimated that the number of children who are
born so weak that they havo littlo chance tor
life docs not exceed ten per cent.; and ho attri
buted tho weakness or these to tho effects of alco
hol and certain lmpollto diseases upon one or
both of their parents.
Having now somo fundamental facts that meet'
with general acceptance among the enlightened,
wo may proceed to seek an answer to tho ques
tion, "Why aro children 'pormitted to die from
preventable causes and what are those prevent
We need not go far. Millions of children that
nro born strong enough to live under favorable
circumstances aro killed by their mothers. Tho
rest that die from preventable" causes nro killed
by tho community by you and by me, if wo help
to keep things as they are, and by everybody
else who helps to keep things as thoy are.
Wo will first consider tho mothers who kill
their children. Every mother kills or tends to
kill her children who does not tako tho trouble
to Inform herself concerning tho proper methods
of child rearing. It Is not that such mothers
aro lazy. It Is not that they are Indifferent to
their children's welfare. Thoy nro simply ig
norant. Some of them are steeped 'In ignorance.
Somo of them arc half-steeped. Hut thoy are all
ignorant. Thoy don't know that fllos, by carrying
the germs of diseases, kill more children than all
the elephants, tigers, lions, automobiles and street
cars in the world. Therefore, files are considered
mere Inconveniences. They aro regarded as un
ornamental in the soup, but bb not detrimental to
the health. They Ewarm in the kitchen, the
pantry and the dining room, painstakingly deposit
ing their filth upon every particle ot food that the
family, including the children, cat. Sope of this
filth is not .deadly; some of it is. But no such
Ignorant mother ever connects In her mind the
going of her baby with the coming of the flics.
Nor docs any such ignorant mother have any
conception or tho care with which she should
feed, not only her baby, but her half-grown chil
dren. If Bho doesn't nurse her baby' she doesn't
reallzo that any milk she Is likely to Und for
sale is more likely to be poison than food. Nor,
does sho reallzo that such milk will bo precisely
as poisonous for her baby' after it has been
. weanedr Such mothers usually buy their milk
from the nearest grocery store. The number ot
"bacteria in milk, when It exceeds 600,000 to the
cubic centimeter, makes the milk unfit for use.
Yet, some analyses of New York store milk, the
other day, Bhowod bacteria as high as 38,000,000.
What wonder that every summer is a "black sum.
rner" for the bablos of New York's poor?
In many other ways, the Ignorant mother kills
ber children with the food sho gives them. Many
a baby six months old 1b nibbling crackers,
bananas and pickles, while putting In the rest of
He time at an "all-day sucker" or a stick of candy.
Mothers who want their children to live should
know that the prematura giving of any kind ot
solid food to a baby Is exceedingly dangerous;
that after a child 1b weaned It should be given
solid food only in accordance with the Instruc
tions of an intelligent physician; that moat and
fruit (except orange Juice) are like so much
poison, even if they do not produce death as
quickly as strychnine would; and that all during
childhood, the food should bo simple, with cereals,
milk and vegetables as a baBls aud a little meat
not oftener than onre a week,
But, as a chlld-klller, tho community exceeds
In destructlveness even the Ignorant mother. Uy
this is meant that the community maintains con
ditions that sometimes prevent even lutolligont
persons from ta'.ing proper caro of their children.
Tho community maintains conditions that create
pr.veity and slums. The community even main-
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tains conditions that foster Ignorance. What
chance has tho poor mother anywhere In this
country to inform herself with regard to tho rear
ing of children? What chance has tho poor mother
in New York? Sho has no money with which
to pay a physician for consultation. Ie sho went
to a physician paid by tho city, sho would hardly
know what to do with her children while she
was away. Sho might leave them at a day nursery,
it is truo; but did you ever think how many more
day nurseries nnd how many moro city phyBlcians
we should havo to havo if every mother who
needs to know how to rear her chlldron wero to
adopt this plan? Wo should have to havo thou
sands and tens ot thousands moro of each. And,
If the community wero intelligent enough to de
niand such conveniences, It would bo intelligent
enough not to need most of them. Therefore
wo who know enough not to need them nro re
sponsible for the slaughtor ot tho children of
those who won't And, is not that a pleasant
How caif intelligence prevail against tho neglect
of communities to keep their water supplies pure?
Almost every city claims to havo puro water.
Almost every city is a liar. So long as we havo
typhoid fever, we shall know that we havo not
pure water. Tho water supply of nearly every
city is bad part of the year. Ono city drinks
the sowHge of another. The contamination could
be prevented, of course, but It Isn't. Detroit, for
Instance, will have anothor outbreak of typhoid
fever next fall. Scores, if not hundreds will die,
and, the following autumn, there will be another
outbreak. Careful parents, of course, can give
their children only boiled water to drink at home,
but they cannot be sure what their children
drink at school. They can only hope for the best
and be thankful if tbey get it
The most deadly disease that threatens chil
dren this summer is infantile paralysis. In June,
reports came from the south that the disease had
broken out in several widely separated places.
Dr. Simon Flexnor, director of the Rockefeller
Institute for Medical Research, says it doea not
follow that the disease will again be epidemic In
tho east, and the middle west, but he cautions
physicians and parents to be on tbe look-out.
Infantile paralysis Is caused by a living organ
ism bo email that it readily passes through a
gerro-nlter of the finest porcelain. It Is believed
that this germ enters and finds lodgment in the
noso, and that children whose noses are not clean
are most likely to become Infected.
From experiments made upon monkeys at
Rockefeller Institute, it is known that tho average
period of Incubation is a little less than ten days;
that Is to say, definite symptoms of the disease
appear ten days after the germ enters tho sys
tem, though illness has sometimes followed In
Tho first symptoms of the disease appear to
vary somewhat' with the Individual. Also, no
individual has all ot tbe symptoms. Restlessness
and irritability sometimes mark the approach.
At other times there is apathy. Also there may
be a low fever for a few days.
Dr. William Palmer Lucas of the Harvard Medi
cal Scbool, who Is (one ot tho leading Investigators
of tho disease, offers this general advice:
"Headache, general or frontal, is not infrequent
ly met with In children old enough to locate tbe
pain, and this Is often accompanied with rigidity
of tbe neck. If with any ofv these nervous mani
festations, thero should bo trouble in the upper
air passages, such as bronchitis or sore throat, sus
picion should bo aroused."
But even If the dwlBeaso, early in Its progress,
be correctly diagnosed, tho best physician cannot
stop it. Like scarlet fever, monsles and all othor
germ diseases, this ailment must run Its course.
A physician enn only put tho patient in a condi
tion to weather tho storm bb well an possible
But whllo littlo can bo done after tho dlscaBO
bns developed, careful parents can do much to
prevent their children from tnklng ,tho malady.
The children's noses can bo kept cloan. Dr. Flex
ner regards this as most Important. Also, certain
disinfectants, If used ns a mouth nnd noso wnsh
during tho summer danger period, nro effective.
A ono por cent, solution of hydrogen poroxldo will
kill tho germ ot Inrnntllo pnralyslB. So will
plain menthol. Enchof these statements 1b made
upon tho authority or Dr. Flexner.
Yet tho germ thnt cnuscs Infntnlle paralysis Is
more virulent than tho germ or rablcB. Dr. Flex
ner discovered that tho paralysis germ could not
even bo weakend by drying It tor weeks ovor
caustic potash, nor by keeping it trozen ror weeks.
But hydrogen poroxldo nnd menthol kill It
Dr. Floxner Is now, and has boon tor somo time
conductlug experiments to learn whether files
carry tho germs nnd spread tho dlscaso. He has
already definitely lenrned that Hies do carry tho
germs, but ho has not demonstrated that tho
gorms, when carried, got into tho system and
produce tho dlseaso.
Infantilo paralysis camo to 'this country from
Scandinavia. Prior to 1907 it hnd seldom occurred
horo. Since then it has been epidemic from tho
Atlantic to the Paclilc. Now York and Boston,
where so many Immigrants gather, havo suffered
most. Minnesota, to which so many Scandinavians
remove, comoB noxt. Tho dlseaso flourishes dur
ing hot, dry Bummers. It Ib sort of a Bister
dlseaso of cerebrospinal meningitis and, years
ugo, was probably often mlstnkon for thnt disease.
A conspicuous point ot dlfferenco Is that the for
mer malady comes In late winter or early spring,
while infantile paralysis comes In summer. In
fantile paralysis is moat likely to attack children
lesB than four years old, though adults are not
immune. But one attack most likely makes tho
subject Immune for life. Dr. Flexnor's expert
mentfl upon monkeys Indicate ns much.
But harking back to tho causes of preventable
deaths ot children, this much more may be said:
Mothers are too prone to buy medicine from doc
tors and not enough given to buying information
from them. Mothors who do not know how to
care for their children should not wait until a
child is sick and then call tho doctor to dose tho
child. They should call tbe doctor when the
child is well, and pay him his regulation fee for
sitting down half an hour and instructing them
with regard to the care of the child. Most mothers
need Information moro than their children need
medicine. Doctors, when called, often give harm
less 'medicine, when none is needed, simply be
cause tho public feels that it must have something
for its money. The public Ib not wise enough
to know that it can spend its money In no hotter
way than to buy certain Information that tends
toward tho maintenance of health, Diarrhea, for
instance, which kills more babies, porhaps, than
any othor single cause, Ib solely a disturbance
of tbe digestive tract duo to wrong feeding. Milk
containing thirty-seven million bacteria to the
cubic centimeter or even a million will causo It.
Cow's milk not properly modified Is certain to
upset tbe stomachs of Infanta. A hair-hour with
a good physician will cnablo a mother to get In
formation that mny prevent hor child from sicken
ing and dying.
In the meantime, tho responsibility for the
avoidable deaths of chlldron must largely rest
with tho few who, knowing bow to take care ot
their own, do not, for one reason or another, take
effective measures to pass on this knowledge to
othora. A fow nien control every government
national, state and municipal. Those men, U they
wanted to, could compel government to dlssoml
nate tbe vast amount of information concerning
the prevention of Infant mortality, Franco moved
when her blrth-rato became so low that she had
to move. When children become Bcnrco, govern
ments are sometimes as careful of their health n-
they aro at other times of the health ol hogs
A Psalm of
SafcySctol Uttm tm Oct 2t, 1911
SpteWllr Arrtnftd for Thl Ptpr
LK880N TBXT-Psnlm K.
OOLDEN TEXT-"The Lord hath done
great things for us; whereof wo are glad."
PliACB IN m8TOrtY-Juiit when this
Faalm was written la unknown, but in Its
spirit It belongs to the return from the
exile, the times of our last two tenons,
raalms 121, 123, 128, ISO are among the
"Psalms of Deliverance" camo as a
vivifying power into tho hearts of the
returned cxIIcb, who in tho midst of
tholr Joy wero overwhelmed with diffi
culties, nnd hardships and discourage
ments. Tho rcnllty wns far differ
ent from tho Ideal pictures in tholr
minds. Thoy had soon Victory glori
ous In tho dlstanco, but wero not
plunged into tho turmoil and smoke
of battle. Thoy wero tempted to say
to tho prophots thnt Pllablo in the
Slough of Despond, angrily said to
Christian who had urged him to go
on tho pllgrlmago to tho Celestial
City: "Is this tho happiness you havo
told me all this whllo of?" But songs
of deliverance keep the celestial hope
over In view. They point out the
way to tho things hoped for, and show
"the evidence of things not seen."
I "Thou has been favorable unto thy
land," shown by bringing back the
captivity of Jacob. This was a most
marvelous event and not even to be
hoped for in tho natural course ot
"When tho Lord turned again the
captivity ot Zlon," caused tho stream
of captives that flowed to Babylon to
turn back and flow to Zlon; "like tho
streams in the south," in suddenness
nnd overflowing fullness.
The loving klndnesB of God proves
that he has forgiven tholr post trans
gressions. "Thou hast forgiven the
Iniquity of tby people." Canceled it,
as an, account of debt is canceled,
or taken away as a heavy, crushing
burden. Covored all tholr sin. Blot
ted out of sight, covered It with a
mantle, so that thoy wore in God's
sight as thoso who had never sinned.
Wo neod forgiveness as wide as tho
sin. And we find in tho Bible as many
terms expressing forgiveness as we
found for exprcslng Bin Forglvo, Re
mit, Send away, Cover up, Blot out,
Destroy, Wash away, Cleanse.
The returned exiles nalnod a new
knowledge of God's Word, a new
jworld experience, they lost the inde
pendent nation, but gained the Inde
pendent church, from which blossom
ed the Messiah, the Saviour of tbe
world. The old, eternal law of sin
jand death was irrevocable, never
iceased; but the changed character
(permits a new law to override the
consequences. In tho words ot Dr.
Uohn Thomas of Livorpool: "Every
man who knows anything knows that
one law can be neutralized by anoth
er. There is a law of gravitation
jWhlch keeps this Bible here upon the
desk. That law cannot be altered, it
cannot bo stopped; it will draw, and
draw, and draw, whatever you may
say or do, but it can bo neutralized
by the law of my will. I can lift tbe
book and make tho law of gravitation
to appear as though it were not That
is exactly what wo say about the par
don of sin and the arrest of its conse
quences." God has done much for them, but
thoy longed for more. So many evils
remained, tho nation was yet so im
perfect, so far from what it might be.
Illustration from Dr. Chapman's ad
dross to tho Harvard students "Re
member, friends, that It is God's
standard your life and mine must
come up against A friend of mine
went to see an old washerwoman, and
as he entered tbe house tbe sheets
hanging on the line In front of the
house impressed him as especially
white, spotlessly white. He went Into
the house, and was there for some
time. It had commenced to snow In
the meantime. When he came out,
he noticed that the snowflakes bad
been falling on the clothes, and that
the sheets did not seem white at all,'
but yellow rather. He spoke to the
old washerwoman. Why, what's the
matter? They looked so very white
when I came in, and now they don't
look white at all.' The old woman
said: 'What can stand against God
There is a charming little booklet
called "Expectation Corner," an alle
gory on prayer almost as good as "Pil
grim's Progress." A poor man in
Redeemed Land mourned over his pov
erty, and was taken at last to see
the Lord's treasure houses. There he
found a room called the Missed Bless
ings Office, full of blessings marked
for him which his weak faith would
pot expect, so that his door was
closed when they were brought He
saw another storehouse, called tbe De
layed Blessings Office, full ot good
things for which the receivers were
hot prepared, or which were not fully
ripened for their best use. They were
growing and would be sent In fullness
: Truth shall spring out of tbe earth,
from men on earth, as plants grow
from the ground. They seek God "in
sincerity and in truth," and such pray
ers receive the answer of righteous
ness from heaven, a right heart, a
right life, Inspiration to righteousness,
and guidance in tbe right way. "They
that sow in tears" of sincere repent
ance and toll, "shall reap in Joy."
As Haggai told them that drought,
and mildew, and meager crops were
the punishment for their sins and lire
ligion, so now the blessings of pros
perity are promised as tbe visible re
ward and sign of God's favor.
IS BEING REBUILT
Mas Not Taken Black
Flood 6f Walsrs . Prom tho Map.
River iti, Wlf ,
Moro Ihon k million' foMr -io of?
ly disappearing In the short tiw
two hours wns tile1 fofl collected by U
wntors at Black ftlver Falls, Wlscon-
sin. Even the roaldonts of tho towst
could not reallzo what it meant until
tho lako formed by tho Hntflcld darn
was dry, and tho rush of waters had
passed on to tho Mississippi,
Just out of reach of the flood thd
business men nnd residents ot tho
placo wntched tho waters carry away
tho bullillngn that represented tho
homen of business enterpriser which
It hnd taken years of effort to build.
Among tho larger Industries seemingly
wiped out within n fow minutes wan
tho plant of Colon Carbollsalvc. This
plant, nlong with others that Buffered ft
llko fato, la today being rebuilt, nnd
tho btmlnosn mon of Black River Falls
promlsn that a better town shall ro
placo tho ono destroyed by tho raging
floods, nnd thnt Just ns rapidly ns men
nnd material can put It together. It la
cntastrophlos llko tho breaking of tho
Hntflcld dam that demonstrato tho
Not In Vain.
Noah sighted Mount Ararat.
"At last," he cried, "tho mountain
resort with an ocean view I "
Horewlth he felt tho voyago was not
In vain. Puck.
Tho noblest work of God Is man, but
you can't make somo married women
bellevo It. i
Constipation cautc nnd Aggravates many
ftcrioii diieRMen. It in thoroughly cured by
Dr. Piorcc'n l'lcnmnt l'cllctn. The favor
ite family laxative.
A woman is apt to regnrd a bachelor
na a man who Is too much ot a coward
to get marrlod.
Smoker find Lewis' Single Binder So
cigar better quality thnn mont 10c cigar.
Somo of us are apt to tako advice
thnt doosn't belong to ub.
Too much depends
upon the stomach
to allow this condi
tion to continue.
You can tone,
strengthen and in
vigorate the stom
ach, liver and
bowels by the use of
TRY IT TOtAY ALL MUCGISTS
Krister's Ladles Tailoring Collegi r1.
lal offer and booklet. 1648 O ST., LINCOLN, NKB,
DRINK HABIT MS
Latest, Rnfeat and Burcnt method. Nerer
fall. Tobnrfo and Drug Habits also aurcess
fully treated lr tbe latest nnd shortest meth
od. No physical or mental sutTerlng. Call
or send for literature and endorsements.
INTERNATIONAL INSTITUTE COMPANY
601 So. 11th Street Llnctln, Nseratfcs
I limk my practice to Heart sad Grculatorjr
ailments, Thirty years experience ought to
awaa audi to such patiest. Eipsfunsrtiai
aad aoglect it costly sad bad. Writs
J. 3. LE0NHA1DT, M. K Heart Specialist
172 If Street Liacsla. Nebraska
Aootlonsen are not all
auks. Boms ars moch txt
tar than oihsra. Tbe batter
the anetlonsar ta larnr
roar check. Tbs best Mill ns
ssnrlce oasts jou no mora
than tbs poorest. Titers
front, security and satlsfae
Ion In dolna business with
Z.B. BRANSON, Urn lusk
ss4 ! falsi IntteMT, It
Issra kifirimi, UICOU, MS.
Hides ad Fnrs Tanned
Let ma make yon a coat or robn
out of your cow or bors bide.
Kt system of tannin will leave
tho bid soft and pliable.
Wind, moth and waterproof.
WB1TC FOB rSXB OATAXOO.
C. U. SWINGLB
Bueoswor to KatslhartHldjifta'urOo.
sie a, eth at., Lincoln, neb.
i ij&cwaw jsVjSlrlainMassvBSMT'SlI
The Dr. BmL F. Ballsy SasaUriea
Its brick and stone buildings so tast.
fully furnished and thoroughly equipped.
In the beautiful park of 25 acres, with
staff of experience and a nursing corps
of unusual merit, offers you most per
feet hospital results, yet always pre
serves tbe atmosphere of a delightful
country HOMB. Writ for particulars,
1 rfr $'
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