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About The Red Cloud chief. (Red Cloud, Webster Co., Neb.) 1873-1923 | View Entire Issue (Aug. 12, 1909)
MAKES GUT IN
Fight for Lower Duties on
Wood Pulp and Print
Paper Is Won.
SLIGHT INCREASE IN RATE3 ON
Metal Schedules Are Lower Cuty on
Rough Lumber Changed from $2
to $1.25 per Thousand Foet Sugar
and Tobacco Schedules Rci.aln
Substantially as Under the Dlngley
Bill Little Change In Wool Duties.
Washington. Tariff rates under the
now measure, on the most Important
articles of consumption, linve been de
cided on as follows:
In the lumber schedule the only In
creases wero those on shingles from
3G4,enta to 50 cents per 1,000, and on
briar wood nnd laurel wood for tho
uso of plpo makers from the free list
to IB per cent, ad valorem. The rnte
on sawed lumber was decreased from
?li per 1,000 to $1.25 per 1,000, There
was also a diminution on timber from
one cent, per cubic foot to one-half
cent, and on sawed bonrds of white
wood and kludred woods from $1 per
1,000 to 50 cents per 1,000. Tho re
duction in the differential rates in
fnvor of dressed lumber averaged
about one-third of the Dlngley rate.
Paving posts, railroad ties and tele
phone poles are reduced from 20 to
10 per cent, ad valorem; clapboards
from $1.50 per 1,000 to $1.25; laths
from 25 cents to 20 cents per 1,000.
while fenco posto nnd kindling .wood
wero taken from tho dutiable list and
placed on the freo list.
Tho only change In the sugar sched
ule consisted of a reduction of five
hundredths of a cent In the differen
tial on rellned thigar. .
In agricultural products broom corn
was taken from the free list nnd made
dutiable at thrco dollars per ton.
Hops aro increased from 12 to 1G
cents per pound. Thero nre nlso in
creases on loinons, figs, nlmonds. pine
apples and chicory rooL Tho reduc
tions In the agricultural schedule cov
ered bacon nnd hams from Ave to four
cents per pound, lard from two to
one and one-half cents, fresh meats
from two to one and one-half cents,
end starch from one nnd one-half to
one cent per pound. Tallow, wool
grease, dextrin, peas, sugar beets,
cabbages and salt wore also lowered.
The wine and liquor schedule was
Increased throughout to 15 per cent,
over tho Dlngley rates.
Tho cotton schedule was recon
structed nnd readjusted to bring tho
duties up to thoso collected during tho
first four years of the operation of the
Dingley law nnd to tho rate then col
lected under that law Since thnt
tlmo the rates have been lowered, in
some cases from CO to C per cenL by
court decisions. These new rates are
equivalent to an addition, on the
whole, of threo per cent, nd valorem
increase over that collected under the
present law for last year.
Cotton hosiery, valued at not more
than $1 per dozen is Increased from
60 to 70 cents por dozen pairs; more
than $1 and less than $1.50 per dozen
pairs, from GO cents to 85 cents per
dozen pairs; more than $1.50 nnd not
more than $2, from 70 cents to 90
cents per dozen pairs.
Tho remaining rates on stockings
aro the same as under the present
Hemp Is Increased from $20 to
$22.50 per ton and hackle hemp from
$40 to $45 per ton. The cheaper laces
remain as in tho present law, but
there is an Increase from GO to 70 per
cent, on somo of the higher priced
'laces. In this schedule single coarso
yams aro reduced from seven cents
to six cents per pound and gill net
tings from 25 to 20 per cent, nd vn
,lorem. There wns a general reduction in
carpets and mats.
A reduction from 20 cents to 15
cents is inndo in hydraulic hohe. Oil
cloth, including linoleum, wns re
duced about one-third.
Thero was practically no change In
tho wool schedulo from the rates of
the Dlngley law, but there vwis a re
adjustment between tops and yarns
nnd a small decrease on cloths with a
Mechanically ground wood pulp was
exempted from duty nnd placed on
tho freo list with n provision jjr n
countervailing duty against Canada
Tho lower grado of printing papor
was reduced from $0 to $:s.75 per ton
nnd the higher grndo from $8 to $3.7."..
Thero is an Increnso on surface coat
ed paper and lithographing prints, In
cluding postcards and cigar labels.
Common window glnss of the lower
The "Hyde of Land."
According to an ancient law in Eng
land, "a hydo of land" includod what
could reasonably bo cultivated with
one plow. This upplled for scores of
years, but at tho dissolution of tlte
religious orders In the reign of Henry
VIII. tho "hydo," or cultivated land
of the abbots of Westminster, all re
verted to tho possession of tho rown.
Thnt marked tho gradual declino of
that means of measuring laud, ami
before many years tho term fell into
disuse, never to bo revived.
filrrs. In vl.Iih i'.ie Imports nre heavy,
lh given a reduction, nnd wlire
chnnges were made in the chemlcnl
schedule there was a genernl do
crease, except upon such articles ns
fancy soaps and pc'umes, which
Probably the moRt marked reduc
tions throughout any nchetlulo in tho
bill as a result of tho action of the
two houses and of the conference com
mittee ure found in the metal sched
ule Heglnnlng with n decrease In the
rate of iron ore from 40 to 15 cents
per ton, there Is n general reduction
throughout thnt portion of the bill,
pig Iron going down from $i to $2 50
per ton, and scrap iron from $t to $1.
The reduction on ninny of tho items in
this schedule amounts to about 50 per
cent., nnd this reduction Includes
Other leductionR in tho metal sched
ule affect polished sheets, rolled
sheetB of Iron, Bteel, copper, or nickel,
Bteel Ingots, eoggod IngotB, blooms
nnd slabs, round Iron or steel wire;
steel bars or rods, cold tolled, cold
drawn, or cold hammered, or pol
ished; anvils, nxles; blacksmith's
hnmmers and sledges, track tools,
wedges and crowbars; bolts; cast Iron
pipes; cast hollow ware; chains; Inp
welded or Jointed iron or steel boler
tubes; cut nnlls and spikes; horse
Bhoe nails; wire nails; spikes, nuts
nnd washers, cut tacks, steel plates
engraved; rivets; cross-cut saws, mill
saws, circular saws, pit nnd drag
saws, steel band saws and all other
saws; screws, wheels for railway pur
poses; aluminum; momazlte sand and
Bituminous coal goes down from G7
cents to 45 cents per ton, nnd thero
nre reductions on gunpowder, matches
and cartridges. Agricultural Imple
ments nre cut from 20 to 15 per cent,
Hides wore placed on the free list,
while the rate on band and sole leath
er is reduced from 20 per cent, to
five per cent, ml valorem, on dressed
leather from 20 per cent, to 10 per
cent.; boots and shoes from 23 per
cent, to 10 per cent.
Fireworks are increased from 20
per cent, ndvalorem to 12 cents per
pound; wearing apparel made of fur
from 35 to 50 per cent, and the higher
class Jewerly from GO per cent, to 85
per cent, ad valorem; pencil lead la
given speclllc rates Instead of ad va
lorem rates with a slight Increase.
For the llrst time moving picture
films are named specifically In n tar
iff law. Tho bill gives them n positive
rate of 1 V4 cents per foot.
Petroleum, crude and retlned, In
cluding kerosene, gasoline, naphtha,
benzine and similar petroleum pro
ducts are made free of duty and aro
left even without a countervailing
The Dlngley rntes on women's and
children's gloves nre allowed to stand.
Tho only change is n reduction on
"schmnschen" gloves not over 14
inches In length on which the rate Is
made $1.25 a dozen pairu instead of
A provision is included In the bill
which levies on nil nrtlcles upon
which any fo.-elgu country pays a
bounty or grnnt upon Its exportation,
an additional duty equal to the
amount of such bounty.
It is required that nil Imported ar
ticles capablo of being marked with
out Impairment of their value shull be
ctainped with tho nnmo of tho manu
facturer and the country of origin.
A very elaborate provision for the
administration of tho customs laws
was adopted by the conferees. It Is
practically the samo as that adopted
by the sennte. It Is Intended to pre
vent undervaluation of articles on
which there Ib no foreign market by
which true values may be ascer
tained. Provision is made for the estab
lishment of n customs court of ui
peals, with headquarters In Washing'
ton. It will comprlso a presiding
judge and four associate Judges, at
salaries of $10,000 a year. There are
to bo appointed to conduct govern
ment enses before this court a special
assistant attorney genernl nt $10,000.
a deputy assistant attorney genernl nt
$7,500, and four attorneys at $5,00C
The Internal revenue tax on tobaccc
is amended, making the rates on chew
lug and smoking tobacco eight cents
a pound. No chango wns made in
tho tnx on cigars, except thoso weigh
ing under threo pounds per 1,000,
which were Increased from 54 to 75
cents per 1,000. Tho rates on cigar
ettes were increased to $1.25 pe:
1,000. A prohibition against the use
of coupons or special gift pledges ie
Incorporated in the new law.
The provision granting farmers the
freo sale of leaf tobacco places a
restriction on the retail dealer which
requires him to record every sale
amounting to two pounds or more tc
ono person In one day. A number ol
other ironclad requirements aro in
eluded In the redraft qf this section
adopted by tho conferenco committee
by which It wns Intended to prevent
any frauds upon the Internal rev
euues, nnd at tho same time give as
much of a local market ns possible tc
the tobacco grower. The groover had
contended for unrestricted sale ol
amounts up to ten pounds
Field for Patent Medicines.
Mrnall Is offering nn nlluring field
to the American makers of putent
medicines, as ugulnst tho Btamlnrd pro
prletary medicines there exists nc
prejudice on the part of Brazilian doc
tors or their patients.
British Women Inventors.
About G00 patents nre granted each
year to Itrltiuh women upon inveii
tions, ranging from urtlcles distinct
ly feminine in nature to niotois, rail
mad curs, (lying machines and wire
foreign b illt yachts are Mibjecl 'o
nn evclse tax of seven dollars per
gross ton, which Is to be collected an
nually on the tlrst day of September
In lieu of tho excise tax tho owner
of n foreign built yacht or pleasure
boat may pay a duty of 35 per cent
nd valorem on his yacht. This will
entitle him to American registry. Tho
excise tnx provision was adopted be
cause of the fact that some question
has been ruNed about the ability of
the government to enforce collection
of Import duties.
Every corporation, Joint stock com
pany or association organized for
profit, nnd every Insurance company
Is required to pay annually an excise
tax of oue per cent, upon Its entlro
net income over and nbove $5,000.
This feuture wns put Into the bill to
rulse additional revenues to apply on
tho tieasurj deficit. Tho section wns
prepared by Attorney General Wicker
Bham, assisted by other able lawyers
in the administrative circle, nnd great
care was taken to guard against
double taxation. It proldes a form
of publicity which will ennble tho gov
ernment to exercise supervision over
corporations. The form of returns
which must be iniulo by corporations,
and other features of tho corporation
tax law were mnde public In dotntl
during Its consideration in tho senate.
It Is estimated that from $20,000,000
to $30,000,0(10 n year will bo collected
under this form of federal taxation.
The secK'tary of tho treasury is
authorized to Issuo Pnnntnn canal
bonds to tho ninount of $200,509,000,
which sum, together with thnt nlrondy
expended, equals the estimated cost
of tho Pannmu canal. It Is not Intend
ed that the bonds shull be Issued ex
cept ns needed to provide money to
enrry on tho work of cannl construc
tion. The bonds aro to bo payublo 50
years from the date of Issuo, and will
bear Interest at a rate not exceeding
three per cent. When the bonds nro
sold the secretary of tho treasury will
restore to the working balance tho
$50,000,000 paid originally for the
canal property and the canal zone.
Tho re-enactment of the provision
authorizing tho Issuanco of treasury
certificates for money borrowed to
meet public expenditures, Incrensea
the amount of tho nuthorizntlon from
$100,000,000 to $200,000,000. A large
number of other provisions that nre
in force under tho existing tariff law
are Included In tho conferenco bill,
with n few changes iu phraseology in
Tho drawback provision of tho Dlng
ley law Is Incorporated In tho confer
ence bill In lieu of tho drawback of
the house bill which intended to per
mit the substitution of domestic ma
terial In the manufactured nrtlcle for
export to the samo quantity thnt tho
imported material, upon which n
drawback was obtainable, was used in
the manufacture of similar articles
for domestic consumption. An addi
tional provision wnH adopted entitling
users of domestic alcohol in tho man
ufacture of perfumery nnd cosmetics
to secure n drawback of Internal rev
enue tnx to the amount of nlcohol
used In an exported nrtlcle.
Senate Ideas Accepted.
Prnctlcally nil tho administrative
features of the bill which wero adopt
ed in the senate wero accepted by the
conferees. They lucludo n new mnxl
mum and minimum feature, a corpo
ration tax law Instcud of tho inheri
tance tax adopted by tho houbo, nu
thorlzatlon for n bond Issue to rnlse
money to build tho Panama cannl. as
well ns numerous other feutures.
The maximum nnd minimum provi
sion prescribes duties in accordance
with tho rates named in tho dutiable
list until March 31, 1910. whon 25
per cent ad valorem is to be ndded
automatically as the maximum duty.
The president is nuthorlzcd to apply
the minimum rntes, however, to im
ports from a country which gives Its
best rntes to tho products of the
United States and is mnde the judge
as to whether a foreign rountrv nc
cords to the United Stutes treatment
which is reciprocal and equivalent
When ho finds that this condition ex
ists ho Is to Issue n proclamation put
ting in effect the minimum rntes and
until the time of the proclamation the
mnxlmum rates will npply.
The president is empowered to em
ploy such persons ns may be required
to secure information to nssist the
president In the dlschnrgo of tho du
ties Imposed upon him and informn
tlon which will be useful to tho ofll
cers of tho government In tho admin
istration of tho customs laws. The
reciprocity treaty with Cuba is not at
fected by the max I mum and minimum
The president is empowered also to
nbrogato thoso reciprocity treaties
which can bo terminated by diplomat
ic action. It Is mndo Ills duty to give
10 days' notice after tho bill becomes
a law of his Intention to bring thoso
treaties to an end. All other treaties
which contain no stipulation in regard
to their termination by diplomatic ac
tion shall bo abrogated by a notlco of
six months from tho president to
thoso counti lc3, tho notlco dating
from April 30, 1909, on which date
Secretary Knox notliled foreign gov
ernmonta thnt the United States
would t-oon ask them to enter into
new tariff relations.
Turkey Dulldlng Good Roads.
The 30,000.000 people of tho Turk
ish emplro nro still prnctlcally with
out motor cars. Tho government la
now about to spend Bevernl million
dollars on good roads nnd between
Damascus and Hngdad a motor enr
service is likely to bo ctnbllbhcd
Little Tobacco Used In Italy.
Tho per cnplta consumption of to
bacco Is lower In Italy than In any
other European con try, being a trillf
over & pound
Wife If my first husband wore
nllvo wo should bu celebrating out
Bllvcr wedding to tiny.
Husband What n pity ho died so
The Worm Turned.
The clerk in tho Hhoo store wns
tired. Tho tiny wus Insufferably hot.
The customer who was trying to catch
n train wns clamorous. Goaded to
dcsperntlon tho hnrd-tlrlvon clerk ex
postulated. "No, wo don't hnve u salesuinn for
each customer. This nlir"t no Chinoso
First Uiril Seen the airship?
Second lUrd Yes; they will havo
to get a mighty strong telegraph wire
to sit on.
Pc.ro thrsat Is no triflintt nilnient. It
will MMiiet.tneH enrry infection to the en
tire RVHtein tlnotipcli the food that in c.iten.
Hninhnx Wizard Oil is a wire, quick cure.
Chlckeii-hcurted pcoplo nro alwayB
ready to batch up uu excuse,
I'KKHY DAVIS' l'AINKII.I.F.K
In tho best, snfiikt nnd mrxst rotui'd) for trampi,
riilln nnd dliirrlit'n. Asn liniment for woumlh unci
fcurulnBlllhutU'ijuallfd, '.:, Wo und6Uo.
Occasionally women try to reform
n man by roasting him.
i-s 2?!:5rt&&P :: ''.' Vint
Its all in the Taste
t without Twawanw,,
TOASTED COMTTCTfaC CO.
ATTVI CMIX, MICH,
.. . .. .. i .
KcIIor-r's Toasted Corn Flakes has won tho Nation's favor
by its flavor. "Delicious" doesn't do justice to its goodness,
because that word has been used by every other breakfast
food. It's so unlike anything you ever tasted so much
better. You may have eaten "corn flakes," but unless you
have tried KcIIorr's the original nnd genuine you have
$1,000 GOLD AND SILVER TROPHY
For the Best Ear of Corn
To Be Known as the W.K.Kcllofjfj National Corn Trophy
To Da Awarded nt tho NATIONAL CORN EXPOSITION. OMAHA.
December 6 lo IB, lUO'J
For tho rmrposn of oncmimxlnir tun hotter tiroi dine In corn for Improving tho
Qunlttr.W.IC. KullOKi;. l,rPsltlunlottliuTuHtL'tlUornl',lnUuCo.,oIIursSl,UOO
brautltul solid unld unit silver trophy to tho ihtnod irrovrlnu thoticntcar
ot corn lntwoilirrorcntf'iiMons, Hid Ilmt scnROD'HRpoclnii-n to lion-lit to
tiio Nntlorml uorn HxpoNltlnn, uiniiim, Ncli., lieforn Nov 27th. louV.
TlilnnfTcr lHiipontocvcrvtnun.uotimu iiiul chllil In ttniUnltrdStatei.
It will hnjuducd by tho leading corn authority of thn world. Prof.
F. O. Iloldcrj. Watch thin pupvr for further particulars.
KELLOGG TOASTED CORN FLAKE CO.
Battle Creek, Mich.
Pleasant for Mr. Bennett. I
William S. Ilennett, a lepiosentu
tlvo from New York city, went to nd ,
dress u political meeting In his dls
trlct ono night, when ho vwis much
younger than lie Is now.
"The chairman." said Ilennett, "wns
n very literal person. He looked at
the gallery, where one woman wns Bit
ting, nnd Hiilil: 'Lady and gentlemen,
this Is a most momentous cumpalgn.
There nro grave Ihrucs to ho dis
cussed. Later we will hoar from our
best speakers, but, for the present, wo
will listen to Mr. Ilennett.' "
A Trying Time.
Judge -Why did you strike this
Prisoner What would you do,
Judge, if you kept u grocery store
and n mini camu In nnd asked If ho ;
could take a moving picture of your
cheese? 1 iui per's Weekly.
"Why worry nbout tho children?"
"I enn't help it."
"But, my denr, you ure hurting your
gnmo of bridge."
Mr. Wlnilnw'H Hnnthlnir Syrup.
ForclilldrnQ teething, Kofum tho ruiii, reduce In
OtinmitlOD, U) pain, curea wind colli). 13o bottle.
Kalth makes us, and not we it; nnd
faith mnkes Its own forms. ICnierson.
LowiH' Fiuclp Hinder Mniinlit fie --Many
HiuokciH piefer litem to 10c cis.us.
An ensy beginning doesn't aiwuys
Justify tho finish.
Graham Crackers at their Best
There are no better Grahams than "Sunshines"
none half so good.
Sunshine Grahams arc made of the best whole
wheat graham flour, at the "Sunshine" bakeries
the finest in the world.
The ovens are of white tile and are on the top
floor sunshine and pure air all around them.
Each package is protected by the
triple seal. So you can be sure they are
. - . .
Positively cured by
these Llltlo Pills.
m I nicy nino rruuvu uiw
H HTLE trrHHfromDynpcjHla,In-
iFf mmg IdlKt'NllotinndTooIIearty
M IVtR 1 1-nlbiK- A tTft-et rem-
ttjjl fii i e r,ly f"r 1)Uzn,,sH' Nfiu-
3 HILL Ihch, Di-owhIiick, II nil
Hllll 'd Tuiicim, Piiln tn the
IM lni.1... TOUlMt) MVER.
They ri'KUlato the IJowcIh. l'urcly Vetfclahl.
SMALL PILL. SMALL DOSE, SMALL PRICE.
Gcnulno Must Bear
B'iiiimjjji 'mn iiuwj ii ij ' Mimii n.'iHim
The- next hill of hhlugles von buy
look to see what murk is on them,
particularly what tho nmiiu of
tho manufacturer is. If you sco
DAY LUMBER COMPANY nnd
this tmirlc you cuii bu sure of tho
CDCC 1 X8Hi llir. Writ. tili. Ownflrtinniui't, prior,
rnUL furniN, riitu'tii'H. rolnnlmlliin tnalH. liny f mm
W. N. U LINCOLN, NO. 33-1909.
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Uj llilmi'VASU'VOUR DEMERMllft'lll
iQO SENILES BISCUIT CO.
?r-9rj?r??xarT!, r y-c -iV'T''
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