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About The Red Cloud chief. (Red Cloud, Webster Co., Neb.) 1873-1923 | View Entire Issue (Sept. 16, 1904)
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5ju -a - '.vjr'','lli '' !' "r"
ISTicoI from- farms
Effect of Repub'icai
VALUE OF UilD
Prices of Cereals in
P licics in the Corn Belt
'Lean" and "Fat" Years-
flfFected by Action of Na-
ation Rise in Values.
It has been quite i iisloinary for
ftcr.it ! xvrltets mid peikcrs to iitv iuito
tlu extraordinary prosperity of (li List
eight years to Providence, ami ! tcny
that till! Ui'tnililli'iill pnrly could Ir spe
cially allied with Providence.
In answer to lhi" contention Pre- cut
Roosevelt, In oiii' of his nun lgu
speeches in 11)00. nmtlt tin' witty re nils
thnt tin Democratic party had " etl
with (ihniit everything except 1 ivi-
In relation to tin remarkable lim m
In tin agricultural iii-nspoilty or tlti
United States during the jc.irs of Uc-
public, III Nile subsequent to till' .isr
Democratic ailniliilti-nttun ( 1SIKI-1 '),
it Is the Democratic policy to siicr ,'ly
nuk if tli" Republican party priliii'iM i In
bountiful (rup4, or li.nl anything t- 1
iritli the droughts, the r.iat, or tithe In
Huences Imlllilily ulTeellng tin- prii-i of
fOIIIIUOllitleS till' f.llllll'l' hud to 01.
Such sneering rt-m.irk-. however, iti
nut suppress tin fact ih.a whlli t re
have been many vicissitudes during In
Ijut eight years, In crop conditions, ,it
there has all this time loon n inori or
less steady mid big increase in tin I'll
income from American farms.
In IHIll, for iii'tanri', owing to u.it
winds inul drought, there was a bin
yrnr in eoni, anil yet the farmers nf Sue
Utiiteil Sfilts got X921.555.7H8 for IHdr
corn of that Hcpnhlicau year as uga'ist
S191.O05.9l.7 for their eorn of the Dpi
ocratle jear 189ii, which was a 'jfit
yeiir, a.- regards natar.ulj spirt (J il
crop conditions, Imt a lean year inihfl,
r regards prices The Republican 4r
1901 was tlnis a year in which pros
Ily for the Corn licit fanners was
served, despite a treat natural tllsas&r
to the eorn erop, while the Deinocri' K'
year 1800 was a year in which there wis
no prosperity in the Corn llelt desp c
the especially bountiful size of the c a
Dollar Wheat v. Fifty CcntWlieot
AT THIS PHBSKNT WIUTT
TIIK CASH PRICK OF WllBAT JIT
OIIHJA1SO IS AHOUT SI. 10. hi A4-
glist, lOtt'l. it was '"Vl to 5)01,4 cellli:
ill August. IIKU. it was liSi'i to "li centj:
in Aiiitiist, 1!M1. it was t;ii"i, to 77 cent' ;
in Aniitist, IIKtil, It was VI"'. to 7(1
rents; in August, l.HJMI. it was (W) to 74
renin; in August. IS'.tH. it was (.
7S -ents; in Auciist, 1S!7. it was 7Ji-,
to 51.07; In August, lh'.MI. it was ."It i
i.'Ji cents; in August. 1H!.". it was .W.
to 7 rents; IN AUCIIST. 1S!)J, 1 '
WAS 51 j T(l rsi. CKNTS.
AT I'UKSIJNT WUITINC Till)
CASH IMtICK OF UOUN AT 0111 -
Oaco is wi ci:.ts. in August, mo .
it was r0'. to Tu routs; in August, I'.IO ,
it was 50 to Wl tents; In August, 1!M) .
It was 5.'l;i to ri7',i cents; lu Angus ,
mOO. It was :i7' to 41 A cents; in Ai
gust. s:w, it was IIOMi to :n cents; I
Aug 18!)N. It was Wi to :W"i cents;
in August, 1K7. It was !iji, to :t2-j,
rents; IN AI't;i;.ST, 1S!J, IT WA
'Mi TO I CUNTS.
Tanl Mtck of Kennl'llcno Pro;irlty.
Tho general drift of these priee llg
Hies, covering a period of about eight
years, has been of eoursi: significant no!
merely of the size of the crops of these
pnrtkular years, but of the general
steady increase la market demand
Wheat is not only a "stair of life." but
it Is also, as regards its consumption, a
jard-stiik of national progress. The
more people advance in civilization and
in prosperity the more wheat Hour will
they consume. The present great awak'
ening nmungt the Oriental races is syu
chrouous with the development, of an
enormous trade in I'nellle Coast wheat
Hour through the "open door" to these na
tious nf the Orient.
In the ease of eorn It Is certainly a
fairt worthy of much attentive Interest,
ihat despite the high prices for corn dur
ing the last tbtee years, the demand even
at these high prices has not abated. And
notwithstanding we seem likely to have
this year a crop of li.WIO.OOOltMiO bush
els, com Is now about J( cents per
bushel at Chicago. lu 1S!)i; the total
crop was li,U.S,,,H7.", 105 bushel;, but the
price in August of that year was 'JOVi
to 115 cents at Chicago not hnlt what
it is now!
I'er Capltn Conamnptioii of Wheat
The lirpuhlicHii policy of building up
the manufactures of the 1'nlted States
of placing the factory be'iiue the farm
accounts for tho broader and better
market the farmer during the last eight
years han been steadily getting for his
products. This Is noticeable In the case
of practically everything he has to sell
Increasing consumption making prices
relatively Mtrr no matter what the. rd&e
of his crops.
Figure of the Iliireau of Statistlea
fhow that the wheat consumption of ihe
United States in the fiscal year 1IKM
was tho largest in the history of the
country. The table which follows shown
the quantity nf wheat retaliiad for con
sumption lu total and per capita in each
fiscal year from 1HU0 to and Including
Wheat and wheat Hour retained for
.252,81 5,01 1
mo i ..
lu this table ii is siguilicnut to note
that the lowest per capita of wheat con
sumption during the last fourteen jenrs
oecuried diirln the Democratic period
from IMCl to l.s',17. and that since the
lirst election of William .MeKlnley mid
the Inauguration of ltcpuhllc.in policies,
up to the present time there has been
AN JNCllF.ASK OF OVFU ONIi
Tlllltn IN I'FU (Wl'lTA CONSL'.Ml'
TION OF WllFAT.
ucrriisc4 attic of Knrni I.imds.
The fiirni lands of the Fnlted States
represent the great portion of its real
capital. When crop after crop Is pro
duced fiMni the soil, the capital still re
mains practically intact, unless bnd
judgment is used in planting crops
without rotation, or unless the cream of
the soil is washed away by Hoods, or
unless the productive value Is otherwise
destroyed through v.ulous kinds of Im
providence like the Interference with
1 oi est life at the le'ivlu uter.s of streams.
The farm lands of the country are thus
iiullinltisl sources of wealth as compared
with mines mid for -Ms the annual in
come from which represent not real in
come, but instead encroachments on real
How the Incrsmetit In lUrncd
The value of ihe crops produced dur
ing n particular scasm tend to regulate
the value of the cipltal (the soil) from
which they are produced, just like the
dividends whiih different securities
which pay them. Henry (leorge has
spoken of the "unearned increment" that
has arisen from tin; appreciation in laud
values. Hut while the agricultural his
tory of the United Slates for the last
eight years has -howu an enormous
amount of this "iucieineiit." yet to say
that It has been "unearned ' Is a rank
Injustice to the farmers who have co
operated with 1'roviilencc lu product!
the crops on which not only land values,
but the national prosperity is based from
year to jear.
There are some people who seem to
think that it is only by speculation that
wealth is acquired. There mo other
people who hold that hard Industry is
all that is needed for the accumulation
of the riches of this earth. There are
others who lay sticss on smartness, on
economy and on other traits of long
heailedness. Hut while there are litany
different ways by which individuals of
our country have grown wealthy, yet to
trace out how the 1'nlted States as a
nation has grown to be a multi-billion-aire,
we must primarily consider the
retord of yield and prices on our crops.
It Is n popular delusion that the sIkii
of the crops Is the whole thing as re
gards agricultural prosperity. Provi
dence and the farmer's individual dili
gence are resmuslhle for the size of his
crops. Hut the financial appraisement
of this great work of Providence and
himself, which makes up the "supply,"
Is determined by the market "demand,"
mid this in turn, is affected largely by
national economic policies.
Kseept for wheat the supply from
this year's crops of the United States
will probably be greater than for last
year. In the aggregate as regards size,
the crops will this year very likely be
the most abundant in our history, unless
the present bumper prospects in com
should, nt the eleventh hour, be reduced
by unlucky visitation of frost. And in
the aggregate, as regards values, It looks
as If our crops would this year bring
greater wealth to the United States than
Sternly Gnlna in Value.
The following tables show how steady
have been the galas In cash values of
staple crops, despite fluctuations from
jear to year in size of crops:
Production. Total Value.
Totals 1003. 2,211.170,025 52.S(iS01
1001. .1,522.5111.891 021.555.7OS
1000. .2.105,102,510 751,220,034
1899.. 2.078.1 13,035 029,210,1 10
1898.. 1.921,181,000 552,025,428
1897.. 1.902,!lli7.93.'; 501,072,052
IS90. . 2.2.S3.S75. 105 49 1,000,007
1 8! 5. .2.151.1! :8.5S( ) 5 14.0X5,534
1894. . 1,212,770,052 554.710.102
1893.. 1.010.100,131 591,025,027
1892.. 1,028. 101.000 012.1I0.03U
Production. Total Value.
Totals1903 ..781.091.im) 207.0O1.OO5
.73(1,808,72 1 293.058,777
.809, 125,089 208.000,233
.821.4 13,537 liM.ti55.008
. 038,85 1 .851 ) 1 87,571 1.002
.001,035,000 209,253,01 1
Product Ifni. Total Value.
. .!M.O30.5!)2 17.080.703
. .23.095,027 12.295,417
1898. . . ,25,(V)7,522 1 1,875,350
1807. . . .27,303,324 12.230,047
1890 21.300,047 D.OIIOJOO
1805. . . .27.210,070 1 1.004,820
Production. Total Vnlue.
Totals IIXM... 01.305,010 550,370.880
1002 .. . .59.857.570 542,03d,3(V1
1000. . . .50,1 10,000 445,538,870
1899. . . .50.005,750 4 1 1,020,1).
189S. . . .00,370.020 3!)S,OOO,0 17
1897. . . .00,0111,870 401,390,728
1800. . . .59,282, 158 388.H5.0H
1895. . . . 17,078,511 33,1851illt
Totals l'.HKI ,
Totals 1003 .
100 i. .
Product, i. Total Value.
. 227.S3.,.!52 89,328,852
.252.2.". 1.5 10 72,1X2,350
A l.ftftnii lu I'otuloea.
last annual report of Secretary
of the Chicago Hoard of Trade,
some slgiilllcant remarks regard
ing these stead gains in the cash alue
of our crop... It says:
i "Our production ..f wheat In 190;;
aggregated 03722.(tH bushel: of eorn,
2.214.177,000 biwliilM of oats. 784.091.
OtH) bu-liels; of re. 29.3':'I.OOO bushels;
or bailey, 131.X01.OliO htishcN, hiiTing
a total yield of the principal tereals or.
in round numbers, :t,;t87.!!17,00) bush
els, xalued on the farm at . 1,739,7 15,
470. grown on 172.095,117 acres, our
crop of hay aggregated 01.30ll.O0O tons.
The yield of malirs aggregated 217,
12X.O0O bushels valued at $151,038,000.
produced on 2.0I0..S55 acics; the jleld
was 07.5(k5.O0() bushels less than that
of the preceding .Near, but the value was
17.527,(HH greater, showing the larg
est valuation recorded in any year, and
MOItn THAN TWICi: THAT OF
"The farm value of the chief cereals,
of hay and of potatoes, raised in 1003,
amounted to .$2,4 17.730,450. The crop
of wheat was .'12.21 1.000 bushels less
than that of the preceding jear, but Its
farm value was j20,MI,Ooo greater; Us
valuation was in excess of the value of
the crop of any jvir eccptlng that of
Wliut Mulct Price Higher.
The purMise of this article has thin
been to show that while crops may vary
in sire from year to jear, the cash In
coniu front them seems in u general way
to Increase from year to jear what
ever the size of the crops, hast year
(1003) the total farm value of the elder
cereals and of hay and potatoes was
nearly two billion ami a half dollars,
and this year it promies to be much
greater t'lian last.
So far us the mere size of the crops
is alone concerned, it would seem unreas
onable, for Instance, that a crop of
wheat or 400.207.ooo bushels (the crop
or 189-1 should, lu .lauuary, 1X95, have
sold so low us 48 cents per bushel,
while the 1901 crop or wheat, which at
the lowest present es-limates is 530,000.
000 bushels, should now be selling at
.$1.10 per bushel.
Hut It Is evident that there are causes
nt work to make our farm products sell
better from yeut to year. While sup
plies lluetiiate the market demand
steadily Increases. This fact should
be considered u very strong "bull"
argument not only on laud values,
but on the general future buslnens con
dition of the country, for every Increase
over this two billion and a half dollars or
(ami laud Income of last jear means just
so much more increase In the purchasing
power of tiie American people, nnd Just
so much more business for all our In
dustries, mid just so much more work,
wages mid profits for all our people
anxious to better their condition of life.
The causes that arc at woik to make
farm products sell better from year to
year nre undoubtedly connected with the
general policies of Republican adminis
tration. When William MeKlnley, lu 1890,
said It was better to open American
mills to American labor than to open
the mints of tlie United States to the
silver of the world, he expressed the
policy that transformed bad times for
the entire people under Democratic rule
to good times for the entire people under
Republican rule. With tho people in the
cities more prosperous, liocausc of the
policies of protivtlon and or t-ouml
money, tin people lu the country were
Inland to be more prosperous, too, be
cause there was mi improved market
for what they had to sell. This, in a
nutshell. Is the secret of the constantly
Increasing agricultural prosperity or the
United States under Republican rule.
UNI I KF n F M 0 ( R A T J mci" ,,r '"'"'. " rmm a,MC,,H NOT AN UNKNOWIC
U lit L. I E. L. LfUllllUuliril U or exactly double as much. ---tM.
In IV II flu, I,,,;,,, ,,r iv I null mi ll.A (villi- . .. .. l . . r, Lv'
FINANCIAL TRANSACTIONS OF
REPUUUCANS NEVER SHADY.
Hnlo of 1'hlllppliio MottiU to u Western
Ilunlt, the lllulio.t IIIiIiUt Ileum
crntlc Ileal xrltlt the lUlitiont
The fourth instiltme'it of the $3,000.
000 of Philippine Kinds wns taken at
101.41 by the Western National Hank
of Oklahoma City, whose bid for the
liouds was the highest. The fact that i
western bank .should outbid leading IiiMi
tuiious of Willi street for these bonds
uiggcsm how the West is lupidly gaining
lu tiuaiiclal power and Importance. No
western bank would have dared to bid
for Midi a l.trge Issue of bonds without
being perfectly sat i tiled that It could find
a broad market for them amongst local
investors. Tlie old llumicial problem of
! the West was to get money from the
Knst. The present problem ot the West
Is to find good channel!! for the luest
nient of its own tnane.v.
Hy a triusaelloii such as this we find
Investois in the Soulhwevt become cred
itors of the Philippine Islands. In other
words, they are loaning some of the
rruits or their own prosperity under Re
publican rule to help along the prosperity
or our nation's wards in the Philippines.
The security which United States gov
ernment over the Philippines gives to
Uvea mid property, trade inul hidustrj,
makes the credit of ihe islauili good, fo
that Investors are quite willing to pay a
premium for Philippine bond. If the
Unittsf States government were not sov
ereign oxer the Philippines, it Is a ques
tion whether the islands would be able
t") lloat bonds even at a discount, hence
many needed improvements for the isl
ands could not be carried out. Were
the Democratic party to be successful
in the election this fall, the owners of
Philippine bonds would doubtless see a
quick .slump lu their market value.
Notorious Democratic Dent.
It is the Republican policy in the case
of necessary Issues of bonds, like the xvnr
loan or 1898 and this Philippine bond
Issue, to sell the bonds by popular sub
scription or by public competitive bid
ding Tor them, Thh gixes the whole peo
ple mi equal chance, and all sections of
the country an equal chance, to secure
them for Investment and to reullre what
ever prolit their ultimate nppicclatlon
may bring. Under the Democratic plan,
as followed out during the last Cleveland
administration, ihe government ignored
the small investors, and had no use for
any tiuaneial institution west of Wall
For lustnuce, on Fob. 18, 1895, the
Democratic Secretary of the Treasury
signed n contract with a New York syn
dicate for the selling of .$02,3 15,400 four
per cent Winds. These bonds the syndi
cate sold to the public for $05,110,244,
clearing u profit for itself, out of the
transaction, or nearly !?0,0O0,0UO. The
price at which tlie bonds were hold to
the sjiidlcate was equivalent to lOP..
when the existing United States four per
cent bonds, with b-ss than half as long
a time to tun, were bringing 111 on tlie
market. The sjndicate dictated to the
government the terms of the deal. ONK
OF T11K .MU.MIII3RS OF THAT SYN
DICATF. AUC.UST HKh.MO.NT, IS
TIIK PHI NCI PA h FINANCIAh Al
VISKR AND P.ACKKR OF AhTOX H.
PARICKR . OR PRKSIDKNT.
in 1X9. the price of wheat tin tup Ivan- , The Iol,v,o khoxy KM
sas fni'in was 51 tents per bushel; last i
NOT FIT TO BE PRESIDENT.
An 'Kvenlni: l'oat" Opinion of Jh!k
(New York Kveaiug Post, duly . 1003.)
We presume that .ludge Parker's greet
ings lu lleorgii as 'our next President"
will not rullle Ids judicial calm. Like
the rest nf us, he has seen too many next
Presidents a year before election.
They usually swarm like grasshoppers
in .Inly before the nominal lug conven
tion. Hut the .bulge will be subjected
in his Ocorgia address to a pretty sharp
test or his fitness (v President, nest
time or ever. Will he have the courage
to hpeuk a direct and wholesome word
to the people of the South on tile question
which is rapidly becoming the leading na
We mean, of course, the whole matter
of abridged suffrage, denied citizenship,
refusal of equal treatment before the
law, and the recrudescence of slavery, as
affecting our negro population. 'ftu
Southern papers are mil or It, mid de
manding that Ihe South be "let alone"
in Its challenge of human rights and dis
regard of the constitution. Kdwanl M.
Shepnrtl told the people or New Orleans
that the South ought to lie left to go Its
own way. Hut ran u muii named us
"our iicm President" agree to Mich a
local nullification of national laws? If
he can, he is not lit to Ik President next
jear or any year.
Of Conrae Not.
David t, Hill stated, In one of his
eeches, that Mr. Roosevelt, on taking
the oath jif olllce after the death or
President McKinlc.v, said that he would
not be a cliitliilate for President in 1004.
Preside Roosevelt has never mnde a
promise i to his own personal nctlon
which lie till not redeem. The President
Is outspokVu, fair tun! square. Thene,
nre charaderistics of the man. He
makes no tmilse he doe not Intent! to
keep, and ll- keeps such as he make.
The silly story started by Hilt hail no
foundation n fact, mid It N really not
worth the ilc ami lumei- il.nt !.,." i..i
.viug It, except that it- once
more marnsitiie character of Hill.
"I have no word a nf abate for
Theodore Kbnaavett. I helleTe biinto
lie n brave, knucat, conaclrutlnna uian.
I iclve him' full creillt for havlnu a
aptondlrt con race of canvlctlnn,"
Thomn K. W)aon'i ipercb nwytlng populist
Iilberal eoilpetiKatlon for labor makes
lilieral custoiiWs for our prn-lucta. The
Republican pjlicy of protection maken
WHY ALL'S WELL IN KANSAS.
It la IlacaiiHcof Hotintl Monej and tho
Few people realize how or why the
condition of Kansas is watched xvith
such solicitude throughout the country
especially in the Western States.
The fact is indisputable that there is
bomctliiug about Its cllmaie. the mer
curial disposition or its peiqde and the
conditions or lire in Kansas that make
it u sort or barometer for tlie rest of the
republic. When there Is auj'thlng seri
ous the matter xvith Kansas It Is cer
tain that all Is not exactly right xvith
her neighbors. When there Is u drouth
in Kansas there is apt to be a mighty
thirst lu all tlie region west of the Mis
sissippi. When the rains and sunshine
bless Kansas with bountiful harvests
and the cyclone mid grasshopper give her
a wide berth, the fatness is apt to extend
beyond her Wirders and till the land with
icnson for rejoicings mid content.
When Providence frowns on Kansas
the heart of the nation Is usually horrow
ful for her and for Itself.
When Providence smiles on Kansas
the rest of us generally bid mi rexoir to
Therefore Senator Fairbanks did well,
lu opening tin; Republican campaign at
Marion, Kan., Sept. 1, to remind Ids au
ditors of the change that had come over
their prosperts since ihe tlajs when tlie
xvhule laud rang with the cry, "What's
the matter with Kansas'" Hnpplly he
xvas able to proclaim, If not from the
houae tops, at least to the telegraph op
erators for dissemination throughout the
nation, that "All's well lu Kansas."
Swiftly he drew tlie picture of the con
ditions as they existed eight jears ago:
"Kansas was suffering from the eftts.-ts
of Democratic administration. The in
terests of her agriculture languished. Her
crops rotted In the Held or were market
ed at iiuremuiierated prices." And much
more to ihe same effect. Then he point
ed to the prosperity of the present, with
out need to recapitulate the blessings
that good crops, good prices, gixxl govern
ment mid sound U'ouey showerud upon
Kansas ns from an cxhausiless urn.
"During the last hpxmi years," he said,"
"no one has shared the prosperity which
ha come to the country lu a hillcr de
gtee than the farmers ot Kaunas." Anil
he illustrated tho proserity of the Stato
by the Increase in her bank deposits
"from fW,00O.000 in 1895 to over X0.
000.000 in 1903." As a matter of exact
reconl It might be xvell to say that the
bonk deposits in Kansas increased from
$30,529,487 in 1890 to 984,055,110, or
180 per cent, while those of tile whole
country Increased from $2ai,828,330 to
f540,M0,702, or slightly under 134 pri
Would the reader know how all this
wonderful prosperity came to Kaunas?
It was through her own Industry stimu
lated and protected by the aouud econ
omic and monetary pullcien of the Re
In 1805 corn on the farms of Kansas
XTns bringing 18 cents a bushel; last year,
according to the report of the Depart-
jc.tr, according to the same iiulhoriiy,
it was 71 cents.
In 1X95 t lie price of oats on the Kim
s.is farm was 17 cents: last year It xvas
3D a ens,, where Slo rents was a Joke
which the Kaiisau appreciated clear
down to ids boot t.
During thl-i peiiod f i eight rales on
wheat per 100 toiiuds from Atchison,
Kan., to Chicago were reduced from 21
to 19 cents, nml on rje, Inrlej, corn mid
oats from 20 to til cents.
In 1X95 the revenue of the railways
per passenger per mile In the territory of
which Kansas is tlie renter xns 2.275
rent-; In IPtrj It hud fallen to 2.2511
tents, lu tlie same period the r.uiro.itl
i ex i nue from freight in Ihe same terri
tory had fallen frcn 1.101 cents pir ton
tier mile to 0.07S cents.
I here are good times in Kansas be
cause of good gox eminent, good craps,
good prices, iucieaslug manufactures and
tlet lining rates for tranvporling Ihe fruits
or all kinds or Industry to the markets
or the world: and when there are goad
times in Kmisils there is little occasion
ror discontent through -ut the rest of the
Figure ui to Itatca fold In lUiuluad
nml the Unite htuten,
Tlie August hubor (Sum He. n govern
ment publication Issued monthly by the
Hritlsh Hoard or Trade, gives mi inter
esting account or the half-yearly agri
cultural hiring at Whitsuntide, 1001, for
the coiiutiei of ("umbei land, Westmore
land mid North Lancashire, which affords
an instructive view of tlie rates paid
farm hands In Kngland. Tho otllcial ie
port prepared for the department states
that "the supply of male farm servants
was fairly plentiful, owing partly to
slackness of employment lu other Indus
tiies." imt that "wages showed a down
ward tendency in the ease of men, but
xx omen xxere scarte ami their wages
were xvell maintained."
Tlie following were the rates generally
agreed upon ror the half year:
lVr hIx iiiimiln
llest 111-) $7." ill (of ItHl.lM
Nccoint eliis.s ineil Ml (XI to "fiOO
Youths and Imys Voooio Co 00
lies! women .Vi.tMto ",i 00
Keen il i lass women nml
girls 'JO HI In COIX)
1 These rates haxe been slightly increas
ed in the transcription Ir.itn ICugllsli
money into dollars ami cent t at the ratio
of $5 per pound, but they a II old a clear
and authoritative exhibit or what Hrili.sli
farm hand are lecelvlng by xvlilcli every
Intelligent American farm hand can com
part the wages he receives.
Without knowing the number of men
employed in each class ami at varying
rates therein it Is, of course, impossible
to arrive at an average rate of compensa
tion. Hut xvith iftOO per hair year ror
the highest ami .?50 ror the lowest or thu
second-class men It Is evident that the
J early average ror male farm hands ex
clusive tif youths mid boys in (Sreat
Hrit.ilu cannot be much, If any, above
!fl50 n year, xvhlle the average for wom
en would be somewhere around $ I(K).
We have no similar figures for the
United States, but in a recent bulletin
entitled "Wages of Farm Labor in tint
United States." Issued hy the Depait
nieut of Agriculture, the llg.ucs of thu
average monthly xvages of rami laWirera
lu this country are given. Multiplied by
six, to arrive nt the half yearly rate,
they furnish the following;
Axernge wages of farm laborers lu tlie
Per six months
will be perceived that the
paid in tlie United States
... 79.7 1
... Kl. tli
in 190 J
lor six months is within $1.00 of the
maximum rate paid to tlie best farm
hands in (Sreat Hritalu In May, 1901, and
almost double the minimum paid second
The ligiires of our Department of Ag
ilciilturc, moreover, apply only to I hose
laborers hired by the jear or season, the
rates where the engagement is by tho
day are very much higher, Mug 81)
cents per day, lth hoard, and $1,13
without, lu 1902, against 03 cents with,
and 81 cents wltliotit Isiartl, in 1891.
This would make the pay, with board,
in 1891. average ,91.50 fori half jear
of 150 days, while the average compen
sation of the Amtricati farm laborer paid
bj the day in 1002 Would be .$133.50
tor tlit si. moutjis, with hoard.
Hut statistical averages, valuable as
they are lu retlicting Ihe general condi
tions, art1 elusiie mid tantalizing tilings
when they atteiipt to cover the rate of
wages in nu occupation like agriculture,
whleh, iiitdudlne employers mid employ
til. numbers ut least 11,000,000 persons
over 10 years ol age and upwards of ev
try age, tolor :nd se.x. The American
farm laborer khws what xvages he r--t
elves, and he dia compare it with what
is paid lu Kiqiai.d, and greatly to his
He also kuoAs that the above aver
ages In the Uiited States for 1891 and
l!Ko fairly Upiigh faintly reflect the
dllTcrcnco Ix-tweeii his Industrial condi
tion during the last Democratic national
administration Mid now. And lu Novem
ber he xlll notiiole for any party xv litem
success would foreshadow a return to
the conditions if 1X94 ami 1805.
Kxpnialna a HteaaltiK.
United Statfi Consul (Seueral (hum
ther, at i'ranlfort, (ierinnny, quotes u
noted (Senium professor' as .saying that
expuntJou doeiiot lessen u nation's in
herent cotupiicfifss anil strength, On
the contrary, nation e.tn only becointf
great, he mijs, y having space in width
to expand. (Sriit Hritalu Is cited as an
example of wlm expansion has done for
a nnlloii that itlgliially had little territory-
Rural free ihivery has enabled fnrui
ers to obtain beter prices for their prod
ucts. Relng btmglit into daily tuudi
xrith the stale if the murkeis, they are
enabled to take, advantage of informu
tkill heretofore luccesslble to tlleiii, For
this practical hip they nru indebted to
the party that Moes things" vU, llur
With the iiumoftt crops which urn now
unsured It Is eiseittlu! that pricca be
maintained so tilt farmers may reap the
full reward or telr labors. This is as
sured if the Reiiblican party In contin
ued in power.
ntlro mill Kriftct
President Rouse veltlbtM
quantity to tne .inenw
lu fifOMtiorillt well (lllfiWfil
her of voters in everyvpl
try. In New York Iio.Os
sight of it great major
of l hnl great cily. TM
Statu Ihe same is true
Is ns much ut homo us ;
Harvard Is his alma unit
I New lOntland In; it re
I icprcscututivo nml export!
which have ruled the cr'ai
lllsTty from the l.utdhijr'i
fill ham v
And this native nf the
fhtu ?i i.liiiil.t I,.,,,,, It,.! ?!
..... ,. .,..,,, ,,,,.
Kiiglaml unixetvlly l.i
x cully uiluilivtl mid .lelovt
-the fur Westand tlipi
Hum li., lu In llii, l,'..l l.
....... ... ... ... ,,,, ....-,, y
tensity of feeling for Horn
West unswayed by seetlcwifT
is, is hut the national fee 1 1 ji if,
xirile people. A ihmiiIc wi
n man when they see hlniJ'J
utiring tie) .MeKlnley
11)00 Roiisi veil, ns eapdlii
Plesldeut. xlslltsl liWTt" Off
Stale and territory. 'lid fii
inoiiM' erowiis, ami won fries
i amis by his Klr.ilghtforjvat
trolled, dignified titlernneo.1
,1, . I .. . . . .-
lowarii me eiitt or lilt) CHI
national committee was over
icquests for specchot liy
all pnrla of the country, It'
sicnl impossibility for Itlm to
rouitli or tlie engagements UM
were urged upon him. vijfX'fV')
In Chicago, where, on hlsrtfJUif'''
nit: xvesi, ne iiiiuiesscii a nre:a
the (ilisciim, he xvas re'cftlveJ
Utmost exhibition ui- niillmJ
speech xvas calm, forceful. 'Josticui
convincing, u contrast to. th(fr.lntlj
forts or ordinary speakcri. H
Contrary to the e.iectn'll6nijof(a'
wlio had derived their Ilcn"4;f,f'riH
tsimle supplements, ami ,jiilla,'4ilij "
atrocities of th" yellow prgs.;jir.vjj
veil's tiller.tnces were rlmWtlirweil
steadfast, adherence to tiiW'tfoln"
lions nt Issue in (lie eampalgililjitniV
ever he siid bore the stauip.nl iui '
though!, broad experience ninl
the most conscientious sense i
Idllly. There was no ran
suiial abuse, no wild i
strange Imaginings, in .ihjMi
Veil s speeches, mid I hero XV
lie stood befoie iis great n
ullieil, collected mid amply
care of himself an AiuericatiMiitlcth'
In language, in beiring, JuVwiMti
s.i mi nun tun, mere v. as
friends ror him of all who
the sound of his voice.
President Itno-ovelt has."
I'acltle eoasl since his usiuiin
presidency, nml there, as well
out his Journey from ami
capital, the people role In-h
matched eulhunlasm. He iniwKjTl
en wiin iiumireiis or his fe
lu every oeciipnllou. in eve
slate or society, from the Ci
lege piesldcnt. He aaw anil
xvas cheered by thousands .
sands of men. women nml ell
blent Roosevelt Is no stru
people of the United Slates.
them. They know III in
lerstand each other.
It Came from Omter tiny a 4 14
to the Now Yorb VWriAb. I?
Sept. 1, according to a newspaper i
paten oi mat mite, .secretary liotufij
out a typewritten stntenicntiyileii'3
story printisl in the New YJJrUwcJ
to the effect to .1. Plerpont 7tlarfiiY
recently held conferences J xVtybJ
Roopevelt concerning the cJt1"
Is as follows: - .'
ine Htnry in the xv. rlil n!iouf,,jf.t
Mr. .Xtt.rgan to tlie 1'rrslilcnt ,rrl
Is a lie from beginning tiurr,
Mr. Murgan nor the New 'by TV
the of Mr. Morgan has sii. ,!
or iiaiiamileiiuil with him , '1
leitly at Ovster liny t.r ai.Onti i
far ns the I'ichtilfiiMrt- my w 5
MioHs, ,xir. Alonam has hir
Ojstrr Hay In a yaelii or '.-..i
One paper eoiiiiueiitH , crJ
iimi of the xvord "lie" in si,
out hj the President. Tijf
wluii only one xxord In th.
guagi! will serve, mid Pre,,
xelt Is mi authority on Kt'
is only oiii) xvord to filly a,T
i-iinriiricri7e ecrimil statu
i.tiileiiieiilM ns ilmi ..( 'I'luf',
the President xvas i-o;itry aix
A lie, according to'iu.xrui!
criminal inlselinod: A( cw
U'ri'KRKD FOR PUUl' ('V
CKI-I'ION; AN I.NTF'N w''
i.vi'Kiv iij mmm ,,,, ,, .oraty
.....,.,.. .,,- i,,i i ,,. -...-.onl
'I'll.. I',ml IU...I I'TT...
,n: -..VMlill J Jlt-llljiai0 IflW
the wonl: la tiw
"i. I,, i x i.'nois liRdpi
....... :.'.."'!:' ltowtt
.M.xiu-f xv j th TIIK PferlflB
DF.CIMVINCt ,.i. li.i..,,i..lt,o
t:iin.iii,,i- ii Iowa'1
net of that which Is fuls(51S
2. TIIATWI1U1II IS IOTjtf'tlltf v
hWAI); ANYTHINO HI-jiMuVt f"
ADAPTKD TO PRODuV2av ('
CONOIilJMlONS OR K
There ran be no doubt that
dent until exactly the right xvi
It would be liko carrying ctm!
cas.io lo (splulii to our rrlend
ocrutH the mivinliig mid Inner,
.11 II, .. ...1 Mil.. f 11. . J'
In the art, they need no Ll'
nue ttra xvu distinctions
cans and Indepentleuts nriiV,,
Mi nun iinillCll OI imaisii Ici.wiiC.
iu ll Im well iiunli.n.u .. ...ui V At
tioii to the latest proper mifrik i
iimi of the im.all Kngllsh inalBriti
xxrilch is just now under dbl'm fyk
tstcel Jnduatry Uoea Not !
A director of the United 8ti l)o
tairporatlon refutes one of tl
inents made by calainltyhowlli rl
era is by saying that huliu t. Vc
there will be no cut in prices -adding:
"All our plants will bo$i,f J
at full .en pool ty In n month or (JHWf .'
by that time the ileuiaud for ste
Ltinl ..III l... . ... .,.
n..,..ri ,in i,vj Ki-i'uier iiiau at at
tiuriiii; inu past year."
The geimral prosperity the touiL.'J
eiijoyeii iinttcr Kcpublleau iidiuluUl
during the lnt seven years 1uij.
the farmer as much If m more tkal
llllAll ..... -.1.. . till. . -""'1
i.tiiei nut- iiumi. me rarmers ki
ami iiiioiiki nipt iindoiibtodly will'
iimuuuc, cunuiiions ns they ar.
il "i& H "5
14 a . 1
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