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About The Red Cloud chief. (Red Cloud, Webster Co., Neb.) 1873-1923 | View Entire Issue (June 24, 1904)
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THE JUMEL MANSION
Great Interest Is manifested by all
patriotic societies In the surrender by
tho city of Now York to ho Daughters
of tho American Revolution of the
Desultory attempts have been made
for many years to preserve to posteri
ty this historic place, and at last tho
deed Is done. The beautiful homo of
tho late Gen. Ferdinand Plilnney Karlo,
which was recently purchased by the
city, Is soon to pass Into tho taro of
Iho general committee of tho Duugh
tors of tho American Revolution, to
whom belongs tho credit of having
brought about Its acquisition. As
soon as theso ladles become Incorpo
rated, and thus enabled to hold prop
erty, tho transfer will bo mado to
them. Tho mansion will bo conducted
ns a free historical museum.
This house, historically known as
tho Morris house, was the military
headquarters of Washington ard his
staff on Harlem Heights. Hero he
llrst met General, then Captain. Alex
ander Hamilton, whom ho loved as a
son. Hero Washington received tho
unannounced visits of Indian chiefs,
not knowing whether their intent was
friendly or warlike. From tho oppo
site shoro he wept like a ohild when
he saw tho Hessians slaughter his
troops. From this house ho was
driven by Lord Howe, and ho never
returned to It until after he was presi
dent of tho United States.
There Is much of historical nation
al romance connected with the Morris
house, later known as the Juinel man
sion. Col. Roger Morris, the nnclert mili
tary companion of Washington In that
fateful and awful Uraddock campaign,
built this mansion, which ho intended
to bo tho homo of his bride, Miss Maty
rhlllpse, whom Washington hnd also
loved and wished to wed, but was re
fused. Col. Morris remained true to the
royalist cause, and after the breaking
out of the war he took his family to
Kngland. His propeity was con lis
cated by the colonial government, but
Here is Where
after peace was declared the crown
umdu good all Col. Morris' losses as a
reward for his loyalty. Uy an nnte
nuptial agreement this property nad
been settled upon Mrs. Morris. After
her death the claim of nor heirs was
bought by John Jacob Aster. Tho
profit of this transaction iu real es
tate Is said to have netted the old man
the snug sum of $500,000.
Subsequently tho mansion was
bought by Stephen Jutnel, a wealthy
French wine merchant, whose widow,
ut tho ago of sixty, man led Aaron
Uurr, who was at that time a mnrked
and ruined old man of seventy-eight.
Ultimately tho property reverted to a
lineal descondunt or Col. Monls. tho
lato den. Ferdinand Phlnuey Uarlc,
whoso widow lived In tho Juinel mnn
slon until It was acquired by tho city.
Tho ancients represented Time as u
monster devouring his children. Tho
march of tlmo and tho wouderful in
creaso of property values are devour
ing overy landmark of tho strugglo
that mado us a nation. Parcel nrter
parcol of this old property that onco
belonged to Col. Morris r.as been sold,
cut up Into city lots uud built upon.
But tho Jumel mansion, :n tho midst
of nearly thirty lots, and tho sycamore
trees that M. Jumel biottght from
Franco nnd planted there tho only
trees of tho kind In the country havo
not been disturbed.
If caution and modest deference to
tho opinions of others are faults In
tho character of a military man Wash
ington possessed theso faults to a
marked degree, and It Is perhaps duo
to those samo faults more than to
any otuor cause thut our struggle In
tho war for Independence ended In
giving us national birth. A bold dash
for freedom would havo ended In
prison or worse for nil the leaders, but
tho patient policy of worrying tho
enemy to death won.
a Thero wns llttlo of the frivolous in
WMilngton'B nature From'early boy
hood ho was orderly, methodical. Ho
appreciated tho pralso of people per
haps as much ns any man that over
lived, but tho weakness that marks
tho "poser" was kept In careful rein
py his scrupulous honesty and rellg-
Whose Story is Interwoven with the
lous fervor. At no time In all tho
dark days of tho revolution was Ills
spirit more overcast than when tho
Morris house, on Harlem Heights, was
his military headquarters.
Every school boy knows that Wash
ington served his country without
compensation, that he kept nn nccotint
of his nctual expenses, which the gov
ernment was to pay; but few know
that tho Father of his Country was
one of tho richest, if not the richest,
president we have over had. Wash
ington was a millionaire in his own
time, which is equivalent to being a
multlmllllonnlro at tho present day.
It Is only necessary to think of this
and tho comforts his wenlth would
have given him In England, or even
In Franco, to realize the sacriilco he
made. Add to this that all his tastes
led him to tho life or tho nrintocrat,
and ou will get a still keener percep
tion. If Washington made no com
ment upon tho Tact that one of tho
captains of his company, acting In tho
capacity of a barber, shaved the sol
diers In front of the house in which
he hnd his headquarters, It was be
cause his mind was occupied by more
weighty and important matters "n titer
than that ho approved of such a
breach of military caste and disci
pline. When he walked on the lnwn ho
hnd in his mind a picture of tho half
starved, half-naked soldiers all over
the country. For them he thought nnd
worked and prayed the democratic
captain, strapping his razor, was a
trllle. Washington rode about tho
place giving directions that tho ap
proaches to his camp should be forti
fied by redoubts, abatis nnd deep In
trenchments. During these rides he saw some
work that Instantly attracted his at
tention. Upon inquiry, ho was told
that they were constructed by Cnpt.
Alexander Hamilton. This young
man's talents In the military line hnd
been previously spoken of to Washing
ton by Gen. Greene. Hamilton was
scarcely In his twenties nt that time,
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J277Z HANSON -iCWf CF GJ'-K07m?ar-6Ont5T.7Ild
but Washington made him a member
of his military family, learned to lovo
him as a son, and this love and confi
dence Instcd through life.
One of the'rooms on tho west side
of the Jumel mansion Is to this tiny
covered with an antlquo wall paper,
which, it Is claimed, General Wash
ington nnd his staff hung, Washington
himself mixing tho paste. On the
wall of this same room, when (Jen.
Knrle's fami.y occupied tho house,
hung thirteen largo ears of ordinary
field corn, no doubt from some near
by farm. Tradition says that Wash
ington hung up this corn to 'yplfy
the thirteen original statcn. Whether
or not. Washington placed them thero,
It Is certain that they have been on
thnt samo wall for moro than a hun
dred years, and are to this day nearly
perfect, only a few of the grains hav
ing fallon on.
Gen. Earle onco gathered up those
fallen grains of corn and planted them,
but not ono grain sprouted Into life.
Tho general said that ho did not know
whether this fact Indicated that tho
Ufa germs of tho corn wcro dead of
that his knowledge of farming wns do
Councils of war wcro hold In this
house by Washington and his staff.
In Its rooms ho gnvo a welcomo to
Gen. Leo upon whom at tho tlmo
tho hopes of tho nation wcro placed
on account of his successes in tho
Washington loved tho placo and he
hoped that If tho enemy attacked him
thero an American victory would re
sult. A surprise not altogether welcomo
was given to Washington ono day
when his orderly announced that somo
Indian chiefs waited without, having
sent iu a request for a talk with tho
"great father." Tho experionco of
Washington's early llfo had taught
him that tho Indian Is an exceedingly
unrellnblo commodity. As thoso
braves wcro self-invited guests, there
wns a moro than strong suspicion that
thoy might moan treachery. However,
tho red men had their talk In pence,
took their doparture, nnd no harm
camo of it.
The Btitlsh soldiers weie'near fTIuin
and an attack might be expected at
almost any moment. On tho morning
of Sept. It'., 177(5. word was brought to
Washington nt headquartcis that the
enemy was advancing In three largo
columns. Thero hnd been so mnny
false reports of an attack befoio this
that Adjt. Gen. Reed gained permls
r.lou from Wnshlngtou to tide forth
nnd ascertain for n certainty what
the trouble wns.
Tho tiring continued brisk, "and
Washington mounted his horse and
rodo toward tho outposts. He n
met by Reed returning, who told
Washington the advanced post, which
had been situated on the hill skirted
by the wood, had been attacked by a
strong detachment of the enemy. Our
own troops a company of continental
rangers were commanded by Lieut.
Col. Knnwlton, who hnd distinguished
himself nt Hunker Hill. Gen. Ixslle,
the Hrltlsh commander, hnd under
him thicc companies of Hessian rifle
men, one of Royal Highlanders, and
his forces mi outnumbered the conti
nental boyB that he had succeeded In
capturing tho outposts.
Reed was earnest In his appeal to
Washington thnt reinforcements be
fought so nobly. Whllo he wns atlll
sent to the continental boys who
speaking, the Hrltlsh soldiers camo
In sight and sounded their bugles,
after tho manner of those calling In
to witness tho death at a fox chime.
Roth Washington and Reed wcro Blung
to tho quick by this taunting, derisive
bugle call, nnd three companies were
ordered out from Col. Wecdon's Vir
ginia regiment, commanded by Major
Leitch. A sharp contest took placo,
In which tho Virginia boys vied with
one another In bravery. Major Leitch
received three bullets In his ldo and
was carried off tho field, lie died of
these wounds nbout two weeks Inter,
but not without the happiness of
knowing thnt he had assisted nt about
tho first victory of tho Americans and
with the praises of his beloved Wash
ington to soothe his last moments.
5 r" ' ,
This encounter, though unimportant
in Itself, was tho means of cheering
tho disheartened troops. Rut Fort
Washington wns a verltablo Naboth's
vineyard to Lord Howe. He closed
iu on it as much as possible. Wash
ington was or tho opinion that tho
Americans could not hold tho fort
ngainst such numbers of well fed, well
clothed, disciplined soldiers; but as
Greene differed with him In opinion,
and Greene was In actual command
Washington having gono over to tho
Jorbey shoro ho deferred to Greene.
Lord Howe's forces wcro encamped
on Fordham Heights, from which place
ho sent to Gen. Greene n summons to
surrender. Tho demund was accom
panied with a thrent of tho extreme
mcabures to which tho British officer
would resort if ho wero obliged to
tako the fort by nssault.
An American Is, nnd nlwayn was,
tho poorest man on earth to swallow
a threat, and Gen. Magnaw, who had
received tho summons, returned tho
reply: "Assuro His Excellency that,
actuated by the most glorious cnuao
that mankind ever fought In, 1 am de
termined to defend this fort to the
very last extremity."
Lord Howe hud planned four simul
taneous attacks. Tho fort fell Into
his hands, with n loss to our cause of
upward of two thousand men killed
nnd wounded. From that time until
ovacuation day Fort Washington was
held by tho Hrltlsh.
It was fourteen yenrs later that Gen.
Washington next passed tho portals
of tho Morris house. Ho was then
president or tho United States, and ho
mado a note of this visit In his diary,
under tho dnto of July 10, 1790. In
tho pnity that nccompanled Washing
ton woro tho vice-president. John Ad
ams, and his wife; Miss Smith, the
secretaries of state, treasury nnd war,
nnd tho wives of tho two latter; also
all tho gentlemen of Washington's
family, Mrs. Lear and tho two chil
dren. This party visited tho places of tho
Mil rounding country whero Washing
ton hnd walked and ridden on his
horso when ho was so weighted down
with tho responsibilities of war.
p 1 fife
Enchiuitrit wob' A ictun In tlio nlr.
IJrlfti'il to tm from out the illitmil blue.
riotn tho xlimtnwy iiKC!itur tliroiiKli
whom lirn rure
We lUo In m.TRlu of n ill cam come
Wlth oovoiuuitri'st blue, im If were glaiis.
In di'wy nnwor-liciiit. the stats that
O lihuiil M'lncJ hlossmu that can ncvor
Tho liitl.ii:itlon, like u Kncicil rlt,
la In each etnr and Hirlpf ilti'liinmtnry.
Tho Coii'tltiltlnu thou .iliiilt Ioiik rcoltP,
Our Imlliiwcil, ilniiitiit, bi'loMi! "OM
O sytiiiihony In roil, wiiltp, blue! fan
fare Of triiiuiiet. loll of drum, forever new
IteveibeiiitloiiH nf the Hell, Hint licnt
Its Ioiidm of liberty tho wlilo world
In li.ittle dreaileil Illte a cyelone blast!
byniliol nl la ml mid tx'Oiilo uiiHiiriasned
Thy lirllll.itit da shall newr Imvo a
On foielKii shoie no pomp so gnttul a
No fuco n frleinlly, naught coti5olatory
I.Ike Kllnipso of lofty spar with ttive
Our hallawcd, eloquent, be!oed "Old
Thou art the one line, nn embodied pray
er. One highest and most perfect tip rrvlnw;
without one. lint IiIiik: It l lineal, oqiiate.
Huh proiiertles nt all tho tiinttbers. too
Cube, solid, sipiato loot, root of root,
It for 111m essenee the Creator cost.
Kor purity nie the nix stripe of white.
This minilR'r clicular nnd endless
Six titne, uPi Knows tho rcholnr wan
Our hallowed, eloquent,
lloldly thy seven lines of scarlet dare;
As when o'er old centiirlan It blew.
(Ited Is tho trumpet's tone, It means to
God favored seven when creation urew;
The seven planets, seven hues contrast;
The seven metals, seven da: not last
The seven tones of marvelous dellKht
That lend the listening soul their wings
But why complete th happy categor
inai kivcs toy tnirieen mripeH
ehmm and mlcht?
Our hallofscd, clouuent, beloved
In thy dear colors honored everywhere.
Tho great and mystic teinlon we view;
Faith. Hope, and Charity are numbered
And thice nails tho crucifixion knew.
Thrco arc offended when ono has ties-posi-eil.
God, and one's neighbor and one's self
aghast. Christ's deity, and soul, nnd manhood's
Tho Father, Son, nnd Ghost may here
With tots like these, divinely monitory,
What wonder that thou coucjucrest la
eloquent, beloved "Old
O blessed King' slirn of our precious Past,
Triumphant l'tcueiit and our Future
Ilcyoiul started blue and bars of sunset
Lend us to realms of Hqual Illght!
Float on, In every lovely allegory.
Klu to the eagle and the wind and Unlit,
Our hallowed, eloquent, beloved "Old
A Millionaire's Celebration.
Tho spirit of tho Fourth is no re
specter of persons. It seizes lipid of
the millionaire as well ns the raga
muffin whoso only means of celebra
tion Hob in snatching up defective ex
plosives discarded by his moro fortu
nate brothers nnd endeavoring to
'mako thorn "go off."
His is intense anticipatory exctto
ment and pleasure, but It is no keener
than tho zest with which Charles M.
Schwab, man of millions, prepares for
and colebrato's tho nation's natal day.
Mr. Schwab always endeavors to
spend tho day In tho town of his boy
hood, Loretto, Pa., whero his father
and mother live. No matter whero
bo is, or what the business, ho usiinlly
mannges to turn up ut his magnificent
country homo on tho hill overlooking
tho town a day or two beforo tho
Fourth; and with him corao box after
box of all manner of flroworks.
Somo of tho pyrotechnics ho usoa
to mako glad tho hearts of his llttlo
frlonds tho children of former play
mates. Tho fireworks which Mr.
Schwab reserves for himself nro sot
fft n tYf tifnrltt rt im Vnl i1mn
ho gathers at his house his friends'!0 wa,,0,n? wori8' HO J,""I,t'1 r,n hlH
and relatives for miles around. Tho
display lasts until well Into tho night.
It is dazzling and gorgeous In tho ox
trerno, and It causes many nn honest
former friend to ejaculate from tho
depth of his wonderment nnd nwo:
"Well, 1 swan, but Charlie's a hum
mer!" Origin of Our Banner.
It has often been nsked what sug
gested tho design for our star-spangled
,banncr. Thero are many traditions
afloat concerning tho origin of tho de
sign, but tho ono in which thero is
undoubtedly tho most truth is that
which credits tho design to Washing
ton. The general found In tho coat-of-arms
of his own family a hint from
which ho drow tho design for tho flag,
Tho coatof-arms of tho Washington
family has two red bars on a whlto
ground, nnd thrco gilt stnm abovo tho
top bar. Tho American flag, onco de
cided upon, was rushod through In a
hurry, for tho anny was badly In need
of a standard.
Fourth of July.
Maine, from her furthest bolder
the Hi m t riiillliiir Kliinit.
I And fiiini New I tnnipliln'f granite
IicIkIiIk the ei linliiu peal iIhk ail!
, The inoiititalu furtin of utauiieh 'iriii'ii t
piolonir the thundethiK nit.
And Aliifixui'huictK uiiHwelM ' lliinl.er
I Hill'" -u Wiiteliwoiil foi oi nil '
, Ithode Uhitid mIiuIm'Ji her nea-wel IikV.
I .ii'eiiiiiniiiK wiin ine iiei
1 .Mill Maid I'otltiei'tlt'llt
iiieiik fin Hi In
I Jiiyoui haimonv
The Klaut Joy of pioiid New
' an an eaithiiuake k nrnr,
I " In aid fiotn llii(lcin etiiwilid bankn
to lllle h iiiiuili'il xhnie
Still nn the hoKiiilin; volley ioIIk o'er
i plaltiH and llowen Kladet
. To wheio the MNkI'kIppI'h tlnod the tlir-
bid imlf lllMllll'K-
Theie. borne fioni inau n uili;ht stteatn
upon h- uilKhtlel tide.
I'ollie down the mm'IIIiik. Iouk Iiiixxiim
from nil that alley wide,
And wood ciowned AllfRhiin.N'x call, fioin
nil her Kiiiiimltx hlKh,
IrM'rticntti'N ihiioiik the iooki that pierce
tllU RIIIIFCt .kv,
While on the Minor mid lliri)iii;li the
mwhIi-m iniiiiit the iifl Inland nriiM,
The Htam and HIiliieM.'inldnt fici'innn's
coiiki. aie lliiMlilnp to the huexe.
The XMioilMinau fioin the tnnlher, takes
IiIm hoy upon IiIh l.nee.
And tells him how I hell fatheiK fotlKht
and htiil tor llbeit) !
Tho lonely hunter mIIm hltn down the
lOUMt dpilliK beside.
To think upon his count ry' woith. nnd
fiel lit-) country's pililc.
While many a fniolun tit cut. which our
tlod can uiiilerslaiid,
Im blepslnu 111 ill fot home and bread In
this file, rertlle laud
Vim, win ii uinm the eiiMern eoaM we sink
to happy i est.
The Day of Independence tolls Mill on
ward to the west.
Till dies on the 1'aclllc ilmie the shout
That woke the inoriiliu; with Its olcc
along the Atlantic Sen
O Onil. look down upon the land which
Thou hast loved so well.
And Kinnt that In iinhioken truth her
thlldien still mav dwell;
Nor, while the kimhs kiovvh on the hill
nnd Miv.uilH Mow IbroiiRh the vnle.
Many they forKcl theli IntlicrM' faith, or
In their covenant fall:
Keep. Clod, the fullest, noblest land that
lies beneath the sun
"Our count! y, our whole country, mid
our comitiy every one."
tlcorgu W. nethune.
DAYS 01 CO! I)
The old miner filled his pipe and
settled back In his clinlr.
"It wns way back In 'M," he snld.
"I was down In Lower California an'
1 wns a-dlggln' for gold. I wns kinder
down on my luck, but my parti, Jack
Ilurke, and a better feller never drow
breath, cheered mo up eonsldcrnblo
whenever I got the dumps, ns every
mornln' I'd say, 'Gol ding It! I've got
tor strike It to-dny.'
"Hut lots o' days "enmo and went,
nnd 1 never seemed any better off,
"Tho pesky Injuns was glttln' trou
blesome, too, nn' news camo thnt a
couple of ranches had been milled nnd
"This didn't trouble us much, be
cntiKo wo had our rifles and two o
tho speediest horses In California
"Ono night we wns settin' mound
tho flro after n corkln' hot day, for
It was the. ! tb of July
"I was a-thlnklu' of homo nnd hnd
almost rnndo up my mind to start for
tho cast next day.
"Jack was slngln' a gloomy old
hymn tuno Just 'causo he knew It ng
gravated me, nnd I wns Just goln' to
chuck something nt him when I seen
a sight that mado mo turn cold.
"Clear and sharp ngln tho sky stood
tho flgger of nn Injun! Only n second
ho utood thero, but I knew that there
was moro nt 'cm among the locks and
boulders. Jack an' mo mndo a dash
to whero our horses wns staked out,
cxpectln' overy minute to be fired on
"When wo were off on a gnllop to
Wllkln'a rnnch wo heard tho critters'
ponlcB comln' full pelt behind ns.
"Our horses wero fresh, but tho In
dian ponies woro very swift and al
"An arrow or two whistled over our
heads, but they seemed to bo waitln'
till they got closer beforo they all
"I looked at Jack. His lips were
closed tight, but thero was a gleam In
his eyes that mndo me think he was
sorter cnjoyln it.
"Suddenly oh, It was a bad moment
my horso Btumbletl In a liolo and
fell, snapping a foreleg. I raised my
rlflo nnd would have blown tho lender
of tho Indlnns to kingdom come If
Jack hadn't slipped tho briddlo rein
of his horso Into my hand nn' snld:
" 'Don't loso no tlmo. I'll tnko keer
o' theso varmints.'
"I hated tcr do It, but I didn't want
horso nnd toro off.
"I tried not to think of Jack, but a
big lump cunie In my throat as I Im
agined him lyln' on the yaller sand
white-faced and still.
"Around tho bont In tho road I saw
"I roused tho houso In less'n It takes
to tell it, and all tho men woro soon
on tho way to Jack's rescue, mo lead
In, tcllln' tho talo between sobs, for
I was all glvo out.
"On wo went. I was afeard to go
'round tho bend, afeard to see I
didn't know what.
"As wo turned I saw him. Tho
young vlllyun was standln' by a true
ns calm as ycr please, with his arm
bound up In a handkerchief.
" 'Whero's tho Injuns?' says I.
" 'Gono,' says ho. 'When thoy seen
how near thoy was to the ranch tho
beggars scooted. Rut they winged mo
'foro they wont.'
"Ah," said tho old miner, smiling at
tho recollection ns he filled his plpo
again, "that was the hottest Fourth of
July I over bad."
A flu' wunc blah on n ratnpnrt bold,
Ami the soiillera saw It blow;
And tho sun went down nnd tho stars
And over tho 'tleld died tho battlo shtmt,
Wlillo tho senttlcs paced to itntl fro.
A bell tolled loud in the midday nlr,
And n flat; Muttered over the trees,
And the people gazed with proud demean
On the ling that Haunted the starry thli-
HlKh In the midsummer breeze.
The star have ktovvii since thnt far-off
And the stilpes nro true and bright,
And over the country they sweep nfnr
(lullaiit each stripe and gallant wtcii
Hi III'-- , ,
ShlnbiK by hiy nnd by nliiht.
A hIukIc bell tolled In tin long ngo
To rally tho biave little bund.
Whcin chimes now pi el In tho stiffening
And shouts liliK Joyously over tho um,
And Mih'm wave over the laud.
If the shades of the gient departed
ever revisit tho scenes of their earth
ly struggles, then tho bleak holgbts of
Valley Forge must Itnvo witnessed tv
Joyfoj gathering of Illustrious ghosts
lute, for at last. It seems assured
that the historic camp ground, to tho
extent of 1,000 acres, Is to bo pre
served forever ns a nntlonnl pnrk.
It Is Intended to restore the sacicd,
spot to tho condition It was In at tho
tiniu of tho hciolcsclf-sncrlllco of tho
revolutionary nrmy. Tho entrench
ments nro to bo cleared of the century
and a quarter accumulation of rubblhlt
thnt almost obliterates their Hues.
When the committee In charge of
nrtaugementH has thus secured tho
historic ground for tho people, each
state whoso sons suffered nnd died sit
Valley Forge for tho Independence of
tho nation will bo Invited to mark tho
partlcttlnr spot whom Kb own regi
ment of patriots camped In tho dread
ful winter succeeding Washington's
repulse by Hovvo nt Gormantown.
To the tourists who toll up the hill
to the iutreuchmonts of Valley Forge,
after a visit to the quaint llttlo houso
iu which Washington mndo his bead
quarters, the most astonishing thing
about tho encampment Is thnt n cen
tury and a quarter of effort by the elt
ments him tailed to mako any Imprest
slon on Iho solid earthworks.
The rifle pits are filled with dead
leaves, trees have grown on the hills
thut wero once cleared of llmbei in
order to glvo I he shitrpshootcrs n view
of tho points In danger of attack, mid
some of the advanced istH nre dhi
tiugulshuble only because of the slgnq
describing them, but tho lines of tliu
trenches are plainly discernible.
Fort Huntington, with Its fringe ot
tall trees, stands grim us ever Iu tho,
fotegrouud as one looks tlowu from,
un angle of the entrenchments, and It
requites very little Imagination to sew
the mouths of the cannon pointing out
of the embrasures uud tho gleam oE
tho sentry's bayonet ns ho parades be
hind the vvull. From this sumo nnglo
the valley stretches In peaceful beau
ty, two or three old-fashioned house"
aro the only structures In sight, and
the white column erected by tho
Daughters of tho Revolution to tho
dead who He burled all around Ic tbo
most conspicuous mnrk on the pas
toral landscape. '
Except for the prcsenco of tho rail
road at tho foot of the hills on which'
aro tho entrenchments, and the tele
graph poles lining tho whlto stretchei
of highway, Valley Forge seems Just
as It Is pictured In the stirring days of.
Tho roadway up which tho tourists
toll, overy other person armed with a
camera, is a roughly mado path that
has probably received very llttlo at
tention since the time of the camp,
Trees that have fallen or been cut
down since Washington wintered nt
Valloy Fot go aro strewn around the
ground; the stonos that wero brought
to tho lines to strengthen tho defences
remain just as they were placed by pa
Tnko a map of Valley Forgo en
enmpment made In Washington's tlmo,
and overy point can bo traced, ovory
fort located and tho position of each
headquarters defined. In fact, tho
work of testorlng Valley Forgo to Its
original condition will not bo so dim
cult ns may seem nt first Bight, so per
fectly preserved ate nil the lines of tho
Should It be decided, as seems like
ly, to rebuild the huts in rows, Just as
they stood during tho winter of suf
fering, It will not bo hard to arrange
tho c it nip in the form assumed when
the colonial troops settled down to
await tho coming of spring. If tho
various states represented In Wash
ington's army at Valloy Forgo unlto
to rebuild tho camp, each stato under
taking to rcstoro that portion In which
Its own soldiers lived, thero will bo
no trouble In pointing out the exact
spot In which woro qunrtered tho par
ticular shoeless and shivering patriots
who claimed that stato as their birth
place. It Is an open question In which partic
ular shapo the camp will bo restored.
Some want It to bo u military post.
OthorB would llko to. Beo It np exact
reproduction of tho original encamp
ment, These aro questions that can
bo threshed out In the future. The'
fnct that Valley Forgo Is to bo religi
ously guarded from vandal hands and
remain forever tho property of tho na
tion In sufficient causo for Congrats's-,
tlon at present.
- w. & - I
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is ivin0nm, -
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