Image provided by: University of Nebraska-Lincoln Libraries, Lincoln, NE
About The Red Cloud chief. (Red Cloud, Webster Co., Neb.) 1873-1923 | View Entire Issue (June 10, 1904)
" WM''ffWf(qiSlwMWHF' jf in
, sdFfcs. mss 'www IftMfAi mJmJW ,
mmmmmWf,. wm. je Milium m wjl i armv
Tho Ponca Indians aro about to
elect their tribal chief In the tradi
tional manner with a buffalo hunt,
nnd for that purpose havo purchased
three bison. For the sentimentalist
there Is In this statement tho pathetic
reminder thai both the buffalo and the
Indlnn aro almost extinct, and thnt
tho coming hunt will probably be tho
last to be witnessed on tho western
There arc a little more than a hand
ful of tho Poncas left; If tho white
man ever found a good Inllan, which
some claim to bo an Impossibility, the
Ponca was a near approach to that
Ideal. The tribe was pnrt of tho
Sioux nation, and the original homo
was near a branch of tho Red river
and Lake Winnipeg. Tho Poncas
havo always enjoyed a reputation for
being very peaceable. They wero
driven from their Red river homo by
their old enemy, tho Chlppewns, who
forced them beyond tho Missouri
river. Following them up closely, tho
Chlppewas drove them away once
more, when they joined tho Omahas,
which alliance has hnd tho effect of
preventing their annihilation.
Although a part of the Sioux nation,
tho other tribes kept up a relentless
war upon tho Poncas, as (lid tho Paw
nees, Osages and the Kansas Indians.
What theso wars left, smallpox and
tho whlto man's vices nearly finished,
and from a total of about C.000 thero
aro only about 000 now. Tho romnnnt
was placed on a reservation, near tho
mouth of Niobrara river, In Nebraska,
and hero their Ill-luck followed them.
This time It wns not their Indian en
emy, but tho federal government
which failed them. Undo Sam neg
lected tho terms of tho treaty mndo
with them, and once moro they be
camo nomads, forced to tho hunt for
subsistence. They nearly starved to
death, and, as if destiny had some
thing worso in store for tl.em, they
wero forcibly removed to Indian Ter
ritory, whero tho unwholesomo water
killed off their amlmals nnd depopu
lated their ranks. Subsequently they
returned to their friends, the Omahas,
and then to their homo in Nebraska.
Forty years ago, when Chief White
Eaglo was chosen, thero wero about
G.000 in tho tribe. Only eight survlvo
of thoso who hunted tho buffalo at his
inauguration. Tho Council of Ad
visers consists of ten, and since ho
can no longer draw the necessary quo
rum he has retired, and his son, Horse
Chief, takes his plnco at tho head of
In nccordanco with tho traditlonnl
laws of tho tribe, tho chief nnd his
ndvisors arc selected in a buffalo hunt.
Tho coming hunt will bear llttlo ro
somblanco to that of forty yenrs ngo,
Then tho arena wns the boundless
plains; now it is to bo an inclosuro
3,000 feet long and 1,500 lcct wide.
Then it took placo with herds Innu
merable; now threo bison from tho
Goodnight ranch, in Texas, will fur
ulsh tho uport
It is Intended to mnko n show of
',tho hunt, and Indians from tho trlboB
In Indian and Oklahoma Territories
ha'" been Invited. Some havo al
ready arrived and erected their
topees. One of tho western railroads
,oxpecta to run excursion trains down
to Hllss, O. T., so that the sightseers
may bo able to witness tho event.
While tho Poncas aro keeping tho
the details of their plans secret, there
can be no doubt thnt the hunt will not
compare with those of tho days when
there were millions of buffaloes on tho
plains. In those dnys a buffalo hunt
was, In a measure, one of the most
dangerous sports man or horse could
enter Into. Those who havo taken
part In these limits havo described
them as being unsurpnssed In the ex
citement they produced.
Tho Indians on their fleet pcnles
pursued their prey with swiftness, nnd
the spectncl6 of an Immense herd,
sometimes a mile long, pursued, and
It might be snld, with equal justice,
pursuing the hunters; dust enveloping
tho hunters, horses running closo
without bolng guided, and apparently
entering Into tho spirit of tho hunt
as much as tho riders was nn expe
rience never to bo forgotten. So fas
cinating did tho chase become that
tho more It wns indulged In tho
keener grew tho enjoyment, until, as
some hunters will confess, It finally
became a passion. In the engerness
of tho chaso every musclo quivered,
every nerve was at its fullest tension,
every faculty was keenly on tho alert,
and tho excitement brought with It
tho glow of heulth nnd tho vigor of
youth. When tho firing began tho
reins wero dropped over tho horse's
neck nnd not touched again by tho
rider until he was through firing. Tho
horse had to avoid obstacles in his
path without suggestion from his
rider, if thero was a nolo In tho
ground, ho must detect It and jump
over It; a rock, ho must overcomo it
in tho samo mnnner. He was tho
pilot, and his only duty wns to carry
his rider safely and surely without
being told whnt to do.
Time wns, within the memory of
many living men, who aro t.ot so very
old, cither, when tho American bison,
or ns ho will perhaps always bo called
here, tho buffalo, existed In tho west
ern country in numbers Incalculable.
Hetween tho eastern rango of tho
Hocky mountains and tho Mississippi
river they roved In herds so largo an
to seem impossible to ono who never
saw them. Thero is a wcll-authentl-
A Ponca. -yxmo
Qrra in qomnciij
cated story thnt tho garrison at Fort
Kearney actunlly fired tholr canon at
an lmmenso herd once to prevent
them taking tho fort In a rush. Many
officers nnd cavalrymen who wero
stationed on the frontier years ago
tell of traveling for month nt a time
and never being out of sight of their
countless numbers. Tho bison wi
particularly numerous In Kansas at
ono time, owing to the fnct that tho
buffalo grass was thero most plenti
ful. At times tho plains were a solid,
moving mass of monsters; as far as
tho eye could seo they wero vislblo in
enormous numbers. Trains wero of
ten dclnyed whllo a herd crossed the
tracks of tho Union Pacllle railroad.
At ono time they roamed all over
tho country. Naturally migratory, the
Indians know their wondering habits,
nnd followed them. They wero In
those dnys of tho greatest value to
tho Indians. They supplied nearly nil
of their food, nnd millions were
slaughtered each year for tho suste
nance of tho red man. Not only did
tho buffalo supply food, but furnished
tho robes nnd hides for clothing nnd
Tho practical extinction of tho buf
falo was not due to tho Indian, but to
tho white man. Whllo the Indlnn
never killed more thnn wns needed,
tho whlto man slaughtered relent
lessly. Then, too, tho whlto hunter,
when ho wnB a hunter and not merely
a tenderfoot out on a sporting excur
sion, would simply tnko tho fur hide
and loavo tho carcass to tho wolves.
Ho was very wasteful, nnd tho
"sportsman" who spent a day killing
off perhaps hundreds, would not touch
tho meat, although tho knowing ones
found the buffalo steak superior to
thnt of tho beef of commerce.
Buffalo hunting was a science, and
was only to bo engaged In safely by
those who thoroughly understood tho
methods of their prey. In tho hunt-
ing, as has been stated, the horso
was a quantity of no insignificance.
In killing these animnls tho hunter
rodo boldly into tlio fleeing herd, his
horso running only as fast as tho buf
faloes. Then, selecting tho animal
deMred, ho fired directly behind the
foro shoulder, as this wns tho tender
est place, and a shot entering at this
point was most likely to strike a vital
part. This threw tho buffalo down,
and after tho hunter had exhnusted
his nnftounltlon, or hnd selected a suf
ficient number, ho returned nnd killed
thoso ho hnd already wounded thnt
wero left lying on tho prairie.
With tho Indians tho hunt was much
moro simply conducted. They did not
always penetrate a herd, but ofton fol
lowed It and picked off tho animals In
tho rear. Tho hunt for which tho
Poncas havo mado such elnborato
preparations will, of courso, bo n tamo
affair compared with tho hunts in tho
days gono by, and, or course, the
sixty braves let looso upon them will
not at first attempt a killing, or the
sport wbuld bo of short duration. In
any event, tho Inst buffalo hunt is ono
of great interest, and as tho beasts
aro now scarce nnd costly, it may
without fenr bo called tho last. Thon,
alf-o, tho breaklng-up process of tho
Indian relations Is nenrly complotcd.
In a few yenrs tho hostllo red man
will bo a legend, ho Is fast succumb
ing to civilizing Influences, his hunt
ing grounds nro blossoming with pop
ulous, thriving towns. Tho Poncas
nro most likely nbout to inaugurate
their last chief, as well ns to hunt for
tho Inst tlmo tho monarch of tho
plains. Philadelphia Ledger.
Proctor's Sense of Honor.
United States Sonntor Rcdflold
Proctor's strict regard for tho laws,
even thoso of minor imitortance, is
well known. An illustration of this
happened recently. Tho Senntor and
his son, Itedfleld Proctor, Jr., wero
hunting rabbits in tho mountains east
of Rutland n few months ago. Tho
younger man, who had becomo separ
ated from his father, shot a largo rac
coon, nnd when ho noxt met tho Sena
tor ho proudly exhibited his prize
"My son," said tho Senator, sternly
"tho opon season for coon hunting hns
not yet begun. Como with mo."
Tho Senator theroupon marched the
young man off to tho residence of n
justlco of tho pence, whero ho op
pcarcd against him, and tho boy was
fined for tho offenso, tho monoy being
advanced by the senator himself.
Do It Nowl
Whin o,i c rut a Juli In do.
Pi! It III1U !
II it our ycu wish wns tluiiiiKlt,
,, Do It now!
Ii uoro mrc the JoIi'h miui iiwii.
I 'mi t in in ii ml linw mill Rnuti-
Dii It linn'.
Don't put off a. Mt of wmli,
,. , Wo It now!
It iloi-ii't iny to hlito,
Do It now!
If mmi wmt lo mi n plnco
Ami Im- urfiil to tlio moo,
Jiict p't up miii tnko a imico,
Do It now!
i 'on i iiiinr l.y tlio wv,
Ynii'll ,ir f j nli ilrlny,
Uo It now!
Do It now!
If tin nllirr ftlliiun unit.
Or potmiii until it'n late,
Inn lot up ii MhIii- ptii
Do II now !
- Frank r.iriltiKton
Thought Reading by a Watch.
A most pu..llug trick is "thought
reading b n watch." Place a watch
on n table, ask nunc ono to think of
a cor'nln hour, and then to consider
that In- has counted up to that num
ber. Tell him mi will point nt vari
ous hours on the watch, and that ho
must add the number of times ou
point to the number of the hour of
which he thought. Instruct hlin thnt
when he i caches No. 'JO he must tell
you to stop pointing, and ou will
then be pointing nt tho hour he se
lected. For example: Say he thinks of 7
o'clock When ou hnvo pointed 13
times he must stop jou. because ho
has then counted to 20. Now It docs
not matter f what hour he thought;
nt the HHth count you will have ar
rived at tho correct hour If jnu re
member nlways to let your eighth
pointing be to 12 o'clock, nnd from
there to follow the hours nround
backward, I. c, fit in 1- to 11, anil
ho on till you are told to stop.
Oct a piece of board Ixux1,!- In thick
ness, a piece of copper and some
screws and wire; now wo are ready
The switch 13 la made of a pleco of
copper -"m inch wide. It Is piloted at
F with a screw.
To tho end of 13 Is fastened a cop
per wire (No. 25), which leads to the
upper binding post.
This switch has six contact points.
These consist of brass screws and
copper or tin washei.s. Having F as
n centir. draw the nrc of circle that
hns a radius of A inches. Place tho
contact screws along this nrc and
about L- Inch apart, center to center;
the last sciew forms a part of binding
This switch can be also used as a
speed regulator for small motors or
Mystifying Card Trick.
A simple and mystifying car1 trick
Is tho will power trick. You let any
ono shuflle tho enrds, then tnko them
into your own hand nnd ask another
person to cut them. Now.throw them
on u table, but us jou 'lo so get a
ullmpse of tho bottom card, which Is,
wo will sny, tho nlno of hearts. Scat
ter tho cards a llttlo, but carefully
note tho position of tho nlno of
Now j,ay that you havo tho power
to will thnt a person shall, unknown
to himself, select tho card you want.
You can call for the nlno of hearts.
Some ono hands you a card wl'hout
looking at Its face. "Thank you," yon
say "Quito right nlno of hearts."
Really, however, it is tho jack of
spades; so you now nsk for tho Jack
of spades, and get, lot us sny, seven
of diamonds. You then sny that you
will ilck a card from tho table yourself-
tho seven of diamonds. You
Hike tho enrd, however, which you
know to bo tho nlno of hearts. You
then show tho three cards, which nre,
of course, tho threo you named, so
thnt It appears thnt you actually havo
made your spectators pick out tho
cards you wanted.
Holland Customo Unchanged.
Almost overy fishing village In Hol
land has Its special dress and Hb own
quaint customs. Ono can seo from
old Dutch pictures thnt these havo not
vnrled tor tho last 200 years. Ono
most Interesting plnco Is tho Island
of Marken, a tongue of land on tho
margin of tho Zuydor Zee, which cun
well bo inspected In n couplo of hours.
It Is so little nbovo tho sea level that
the clusters of houses, or tiny villages,
nro built on mounds connected by
bridges, and nearly every llttlo house
has its own llttlo moat nnd Its own
little boat everything, except tho
people, Is on n diminutive scalo In
Holland moored near the door, so ns
to be handy In enso of flood. Tho
hiitiHoh, with tho oxcoptlon of tho
church and tho clergyman's houee, nro
built of wood on high piles. They nro
iiono of them very old, ns the placo
has often been flooded and burnt ; In
winter Marken Is ofton under water
nnd tho Inhabitants use boats to pass
from ono vlllago to another. Tho cot
tages, which are palntud Who, green
or black, with polntod gnbtns. and
roofed with rod t'los. nro nil exactly
alike and possess only a gioiind door
I illt on titi-.lt pill's.
A recipe for fudge, the ever fascin
ating candy which girls love to mnko,
Is sent in as follows:
Two cups of white sugar, threo tn-bit-spoonfuls
of cocoa (mix well),
about two thirds cup of milk, a piece
of butter about the sbo of a small
egg. Cook until it gets stringy, or
else sugars nround tho edges. Just
before taking off tho stovo ndd one
half tciiHpoonfiit of flavoring. When
tnken off tho stove beat It tor a min
ute or two, or until It gels Just linn!
enough to turn Into buttered pans
without hardening. This is fine with
nuts In. When utmost cool cut In
Theso nro tho three equal squares,
each containing flvo of the small cir
cles. Simple Experiments.
A very Interesting branch of study
A vibration you know, Is defined ns
nn Impulse, but If a series or num
ber of Impulses nro produced singly
and nt Irregular Intervnls. very llttlo
effect upon anything cun bo produced.
If the reverse Is true, however, results
often astounding will bo noticed.
And that, by the way, tuaches an Im
portant lesson. You cannot do any
thing of nny account by moans of n
slnglo effort. You must "keep nt It,"
regularly and constantly.
Did you over, with n plnymnte, cross
a stream walking over a plank, keep
ing step the while?
Whnt happened? Why, the plnuk be
gan to Jump nnd bounce until you
both camo near falling Into tho water.
Your regular footfalls set up vibra
tion, and the plank wns obedient to
Probably you know that as a rule
soldiers aro obliged to break ntep
when crossing a bridge. If they con
tinued inarching such vibration would
bo sot up that the bridge would prob
ably fall. In going over a great
To mnkc living pictures provldo .
yourself with a iheet of stiff' whlto
cardboard and n spool, ono end of
which you cut off squnrely. Stick the
spool on a pleco of strong wire, and
bend the wire in such a wny that tho
'ongcr end serves ns a handle, whllo
the other end keeps tho spool from
sliding off (seo II). Now take your
compass and draw a clrclo seven
Inches in diameter on the cardboard.
Cut tho clrclo out carefully. Draw
a second clrclo three-eighths of nn
Inch from tho edgo of tho first clrclo
nnd divide It with n pen into eight
parts, which you connect with tho
center of the clrclo by lines. A third
clrclo which you draw is sovon
eighths of an inch from tho edge,
Hetween tho two Insldo circles, nt
each of tho divisions, cut out squaro
windows, as shown in A. Cut out a
square nt tho ccntor of tho clrclo to
many railroad bridges tho speed of lo
comotives must bo slnckoncd, becauso
the regular swing of tho pistons re
sults In tho snmu mnnner.
A Tangle Party.
A tnnglu party Is a jolly Idea fol
parents. Lengths of ribbon or colored
twlno nro twisted all over tho house,
nnd the children nre told that if the
enn And tho end of the thread thoy
can havo whatever they will' And at
tho end of It. The ribbons begin In
one room nnd end In another. They
nro passed through keyholes, twisted
nround balusters, and perhaps ono end
Is In tho garret or in tlio kitchen.
If presents cannot lie bought for nil
tlio children two handsome prizes can
bo purchased Instead, ono for a
girl ami otio for a hoy, and secured to
tho end of a bine ribbon nnd rod rib
bon, respectively. Hut a llttlo present
each Is more pleaslrg, on tho whole,
as children llko to carry homo some
llttlo souvenir of a party, If It Is only
a tiny toy or a pretty red notebook
or n nlco llttlo box of sweets.
Floating Triangle A Trick.
Hero Is an Interesting experiment,
boys and girls:
Take a wot lead pencil point anil
draw on thick paper a trlauglo
(which need not lie lnnthemntlcally
Tnko n basin of wntcr nnd Iny thin
pnper on the surface of tho water,
with tho drawing up. Very carefully
till tho spneo liinldo tho lines with
water. (The water will not flow be
yond tho lines which you drew with
your wet lend pencil point).
Noxt tnko a needle or pin, dip tho
point of It into the wet trlnuglo near
ono of tho angles. Rut don't lot It
touch tho paper.
Now nn odd thing will happen; tho
papor will bo nuro to movo on tho
water until tho center of area cornea
directly under tho point.
You should previously hnvo found
whero tho center of nrca Is by draw
ing lines from nny two nnglcs to tho
centers of tho opposite sides. (Seo
tho picture.) The point whero th
two lines cross will bo tho center ol
Try this interesting experiment.
Tho Riunll boy's way of saying It Is
threo letters? Mam.
fit over tho end of tho spool which la
cut off squarely.
Now to mnko tho living pictures.
Wo cut out circles six Inches In dl
nmctcr nnd copy C anil D as they ap
pear In tho drawing. Fig. 13 showa
clrclo with a design of living pictures
attached to tho largo clrclo with the
D Is a wheel with soven spokes.
Wo attach the clrclo to tho largo clr
clo on tho spool with tho help of a
llttlo wnx and stnnd bc.foro n larga
mirror, turning tho front of tho cfo
do townrd tho glass. Now wo give
tlio clrclo a quick turn with tho hand,
looking through tho llttlo windows at
tho same tlmo. Tho wheeljvlll appear
to hnve nil Its eight spokes instoad
of seven :uvd will turn in tho opposite)
direction from tlio clrclo wo hold fa
our hand. Fig. O will show tho pon
tlulum of n clock In motion. Fig. B
a ball flying through n rlnu.
Powered by Open ONI