Image provided by: University of Nebraska-Lincoln Libraries, Lincoln, NE
About The Red Cloud chief. (Red Cloud, Webster Co., Neb.) 1873-1923 | View Entire Issue (May 13, 1904)
THE ALL-RAIL ROUTE
TO SOUTH AMERICA
Plans of Different Countries
Looking to the Con
struction of an Intercon
Charles M. Pepper, whom tho prcsl
lent appointed a commissioner to
carry out tho resolution with respect
to the Pan-Amorionn rnllway adopted
by the. second international conference
of American states, held at the City of
Mexico, In the, winter of ll01-J. has
submitted a report to Secretary Hay,
In which every phase of the groat
project of constructing a continuous
line of railroad that will join New
York with the countries of Central and
South America Is Intelligently present
ed. In making his Investigation Mr.
1'epper visited Mexico. Guatemala,
Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua. Cos
to Rica, Panama, Ecuador. Brazil. Pe
nt, Bolivia, Chile, Argentine and Uru
guay, and traveled as far as practi
cable over the route surveyed by the
Intercontinental railway commission
of 1900. In discussing the project
with the representatives of the several
countries visited, Mr. Pepper present
ed it on the ground of national and
itnernntionnl policy, and the advan
tage to them of stimulating within
their borders the construction of the
links In the main Pan-American trunk
line and branches which would form
part of the proK)sed Intercontinental
system, and which would aid both in
their internal development and In their
Since tho City of Mexico conference
a number of favorable circumstances
have combined to give substantial sup
xrt to the Intercontinental railway
project, and show that genuine prog
ress is being made. Mr. Pepper ex
plains that among these events are.
First Actual construction work on
railroads In Mexico south to the bor
der of Guatemala and trom the termi
nus or the present system of railroads
in the Argentine republic north to the
frontier of Bolivia and beyond, thus
closing the sections which were oon
when the survey of the Intercontinen
tal Railway Commission was made
Irom the northern limit of Guatemala
to the southern hoiiudnry of Bolivia.
Second The marked advance among
the various countries In determining
disputed boundaries and settling other
questions at issue, by this means
eliminating causes of I fiction which
retarded railway communication
Third The passage or the law by
the congress of Cttlle providing for
the construction of the Transandeau
line, which will give the Atlantic and
Pacific coasts through rail communi
cation. Fourth- The legislation proposed
by several or the republics, and in
some cases, as In Peru, already adopt
ed, with the view of establishing
guarantee funds and other elements
of permanent railway policy.
Filth The definite conclusion ot
the question of the Isthmian canal and
the measures which insure the early
construction of the Intercontinental
construction of the international wa
terway. Most of the countries or Central
America have made the building of
interoceanlc or transverse lines the
cardinal principle of their olloy. This
plan supplements the Intercontinental
project, because north and sourti lines
form the backbone of the Interoceanlc
system, and the greater progress that
Is made in constructing railways rrom
the Atlantic ports to those of the Pa
cific the greater will be the encourage
ment to north and south roads, tor
which they will serve as feeders.
Tho Isthmian canal promises to bo
a strong incentive to the development
"So I.ldy Thomas wunts a clrl f'r house
work well, i "o f"
That woman nrver krojm one more n two
wcoks! SoniPthln wronir up thcrn!
I hcerd her Ins' slrl tellln" how shu illdn t
Bit rnouKh to cut. .
Hut that wns only servants' tulk-nech
, koskIp as I won't repeat
An1 l.ucv llrown Is kw to n-achln
A muse clown at "rldccr's UHI
An' quit tho church ns orj.-iinWl' Well, I
allow It's just ns well
From what ro hcurd alxiut her holn'
mlKhty sweet on Parson Brooks.
An' m n murrle.l man! I suv there's
dHnt-rr in too much Koocl looks!
Joe UnclErr' married
sech rnpscalllous folks h him
Can tract a partner f'r their Joys my
chances ain't so mlphty slim!
Close Why his llrsl wife's hIh or says
she'll swear It with tier clyln' bteatb
Joo GudKor was o sth.Ky tha I i N lint
wife simp y utarveii to ileathj
Another party up at Jllak.s! My..how
somo Winn "" i,uk ," , .i,.,
n' snub their t;tters put leu me! Why.
Tciliy 'rotor's clerk ilcelaicu
.... .. r. inrni.
rnry . "" V.-.V,!" ,V..t or u 111.
An' TJ y'i woie' a pair ..' hI.. out
A" koIiV up tu Kit tlf bill!
J ' 'I iffit-g- s. ... ) jtr2e-
of both longitudinal and transverse
lines. The probability that tho Pan
ama railroad, in meeting the demands
lor supplying material and other con
struction work on the waterway, will
be unable fully to provide for the In
ternational truffle which now follows
that route Indicates the utility or other
lines between tho two oceans, while
the food and similar supplies that will
be required show the necessity of in
creasing tho present limited means of
transportation from the Interior of the
region udjolnlng the Isthmus.
Tim general Idea of an Interconti
nental railway receives weight among
business men and practical railroad
ers through the support of men who
are themselves practical. The Identi
fication of ux-Sonntor Henry G. Davis
of West Virginia and of Andrew Car
negie with the subject has secured for
It a good deal of serious attention.
They have been warm supporters of
the project from the time or the first
Pan-American conterence. of which
both were members. Philadelphia
Old She Get It?
Andrew Carneglu receives each
week from twenty-five to fifty to
ucstR for autographs. The re
quests, as a rule are written In a dull
and commonplace way, but now and
then one comes that causes Mr. Car
negie to smile.
He smile broadly over such a one
last month, just before he set out for f
Scotland. It was a letter from a
schoolgirl or thirteen, and. after ask
ing for an autograph In the usual form,
she ended with tlieso wily words:
"If you think that this request Is
unwarranted on my part, please send
your refusal In your own handwriting,
nnd with your own signature so that
1 may know It is authentic."
Idaho's exhibit In the Palace of Ag
riculture at tho world's fair, because
or the taste displayed In Its arrange
ment has attracted great attention.
The grains and grasses possess rare
colors and they blend harmoniously
In tho wheat design of the Idaho pa
vilion. Tattle Reads
"June Hitchcock an' that Ruwky Burns
hev none an' married! Well, I do
Deelao- It's time, ho popped ti her If
ever he Intended to!
He's been her stlthly heau elclit ycura
an' but f'r Jim Hunts I allow
Hho might 'a' been a happy wife an' had
a family by now!
An ICzry i.'owlos's Rot tit grip! Well,
If it cost a cent t' Kit
Y' ciin mark down that lirry Cowlea'd
be a long time Kltlln' It!
There's onlv one tiling that would tempt
thai man l' iult this life o' sin,
An' that would hn a eut-rato sale on
coltliiH, with a bearsa llirowed in!
"lm WIIhoii'r addlnxr to bis house! 1
wonder where poor L.em'11 Kit
Th' eayh. Ain't Rot th' moi'KUKn paid ho
hail In put on l' other, ylt.
Now that's what coine fr'm weclcllnR'
stylo! l.om was a thrifty, savin' soul
l'ntll ho married that Huo clay, an' she's
Just koIu' fhniURh hlrn whole!
Tod White Is dead. Poor Toil! His chance
o' reuchln' heaven's mlRhty silnt!
But holn' as hn Is iluacl 1 won't bu one
to say no bad of film!
Th" paper's sort o' ruiinln' down, at
least accordln' to my views:
1 don't know ns I ever see th' Weekly
with vo little news!"
J. W. Foley, In Now York Times.
- VwTv I V Vf fivi ,?jr T I
-.- fl- wSff.-77.- 1. . f . f
How Indian Birds Escape the Caret
A recently published book on indlt.
thus tells how the Koll. or Indlnn
cuckoo, fools the ciow and gets 1 1 -eggs
Into the hitter's nest, where they
are hatched and the young are tented
b the credulous crows' "When
everything Is ready and a desirable
nest has been chosen the cock koll,
conspicuous in his shining black
plumage and crimson eyes, weals him
self on a prominent perch, while the
hen, In modest speckled gray garb,
lurks hidden among dense masses of
neighboring foliage. He thou lifts his
voice and shouts aloud, his voice be
coming 11 ore and more Insistent with
every repetition of his call and very
soon attracting tho attention of the
owners of the nest, which rush out to
the attack and chase him away. Now
comes the chance for his wife, who
forthwith slips In to deposit her egg.
Very often she (low this successful
ly before the crows hnvo returned,
but every now ami then she Is caught
In the act ami driven off like her
husband, uttering volleys of shrill
outcries. The extreme differences be
tween the plumnge of the cock and
that of the hen In this ense leave no
room for doubt as to the part that
each sex plays in accomplishing their
felonious purpose; that of the male
being clearly to distract attention by
his conspicuous nppenraucu and Im
perative outcry, and that of the female
to utilize her sober coloring as a
means ol lying hidden until she sees
a favorable chance lor Invading llw
Manchuria's Sacred Ground.
There Is one spot In .Manchuria that
Is hardly likely to feel the effects of
the Ruslsau-Japaueso war. This Is
the mountain region about fifty miles
trom the northeastern boundary lino
of Korea. Here the Yalu, the Tumeu
and the Sung.-.rl rivers rise, and be
cause of this fact that Mauchus hnvo
attributed sacred qualities to this par
The Kver White mountain, at the
base of which the Yalu and the Tit
men rise, are particularly venerated.
The comhatants will undoubtedly taku
good care not to gain the enmity ot
the Manchus by desecrating their sa
Proved It to the Barometer.
A sheep farmer in the Cheviot hills
had been told that It was useful to
have a barometer in the house, for It
woyld let him know when the weather
would be good or bad. He was ac
cordingly persuaded to procure a mer
curial instrument with a large round
dial, which lie hung up iu his lobby,
and duly consulted every day without
much edification. At last there, canto
a spell of rainy weather, while the
barometer marked "set, fair." The
rain continued to fall heavily, and
still the hand on the dial made no
sign or truth. At last he took the
Instrument from Its nail and inarched
with it to tho bottom of the garden,
where a burn, swollen with the drain
age of the higher slopes, was rushing
along, brown nnd muddy. He then
thrust the glass Into the water, ex
claiming. "Will you hellovo your aiu
een noo, then?"
Ignorant Art Criticisms.
Gen. Iiuis Palma dl Cesnola, tho
director of New York's Metropolitan
Museum, was talking about the criti
cisms of great works of art that Ig
norant persons make.
"Uverybody has heard," said Gen.
dl Cesnola, "of the yoting woman
tourist from tho West who said, after
a scrutiny that lasted several minutes,
"Well, If that's tho Venus of Mllo,
excuso mo.' But wo nro not, perhaps,
so familiar with the comment that a
Uutto miner made on tho Klgln
marbles In the British museum. The
miner studied these marbles for some
time. Then ho muttered to his wife:
'"Them Greeks was curious fellers.
Somqtlmes I think they was civilized
ami sometimes I don't.'"
Smuggler's Chest for Fair.
W. Austin Kelwards of Imdon, Ung
laud, has offered (o tho world's fair
authorities a smuggler's chest ICO to
200 years old. It originally held twelve
one-gallon bottles of Holland gin. Six
bottles are still In perfect condition
whllw six are broken. The chest was
found In a barn on the Southern coast
How Toads Undress.
For a imrxei of econom. you will
never beat he toad. He eats his own
clothes, says a devout lover of that
harmlefs and sllm cieature At cor
tain seasons he begins to undress, lie
begins by rubbing his elbows hard
against his sides, and pressing down
ward In a second the old suit bursts
open along his back, nnd he keeps on
rubbing until be has worked it alt In
folds on his side and hips; then he
seizes one of his hind legs and begins
to haul off one leg of his It elisors, ami
next the oilier log Is served in the
same way Of com so a brand new
suit Is discovered b this disrobing
process. Before ho takes off the rest
of his old clothes ho lolds his trous
crs up quite neatl and swallows
them Thou. h raising and lowering
his head, and swallowing Utile by
lit t It, ho hauls oft bis coat until he
comes to the sleeves. Grasping one
of those with (In' opposite bund, he
drags it oil. wrong side out, and swal
lows it also, rubbing libs neck lit (lie
same time, so thai his collar. .cravat
and, In tact, cwr.s vestige of his old
suit, disappear altogether.
Figure 1 shows the taiget out out
of cigar box wood. A circular piece Is
first cut. about one inch in diameter,
and eight small round pieces of card
board with the numbers I to X on
tliem are mounted on toothpicks ami
grouped aiound It at even distances;
the other ends of tho toothpicks aio
then Inserted In tho sides of tho circu
lar piece of wood. The target Itself
Is fastened to a slick of wood about
eight Inches long, fastened to a stand,
as shown In the picture The gun con
sists of a paper tube, which Is made
by winding cardboard, well covered
with glue, around the stem of a load
pencil. When it Is dry a piece about
live Inches long Is cut off. At l-7i
Inches trom one cud we make an In
cision about two Inches long, cutting
down to about hall' the thickness of
the tubes. (See Fig. 'J.)
Figure 2 shows how a piece of
whalebone about six Inches long Is In
serted, acting ns the propelling power
of the gun. You shoot with a wooden
peg about P. Inches long, lilting
loosely into the barrel of the gun. To
give It more weight and strength wo
insert a carpel tack as shown In Fig
To shoot, hold the gun with the
right hand, pulling the whalebone
back with the Index linger and Insert
ing' the peg. As soon as the Index
finger releases the whalebone It
springs forward and forces the peg
out. To aim well hold the tube In
such a way that the whalebone spring
Tricks for the Tongue.
Try to read the following sentences
Aloud and quickly, repeating the thort
er ones half n do.en times In succes
sion: Six- thick thistle sticks.
Flesh of freshly rrled Hying fish.
The sea ceaseth, hut It sufllceth us.
Glvo Grlrues .lint's great gilt gig
ft' hi p.
Two toads, totally tired, tried to
trot to Tedbitry.
Strict, strong Stephen Stringer
hnared six sickly, silky snakes.
She stood at the door or Mrs.
Smith's fish sauce shop welcoming
Swan swnni over the sea; swim,
swan, swim; swan swam hack again;
well swum swan,
A haddock, a haddock, n black spot
ted haddock, a black spot on the black
back of a black sioltcd haddock.
Susan shliieth shoes and socks,
socks and shoes shliieth Susan. She
ceaseth shining shoes and socks, for
shoes and socks shod Susan.
" The Power of Prayer."
A pretty story Is told of two child
ren, who were, as thoy thought, chased
by a cow In a field. " Oh, Johnny,"
said tho little girl, " say a prayer."
"don't 'member any!" "Say any
thing," persisted tho little girl."
" All I know Is what papa said at
breakfast." "Well, say that." So
Johnny said " For what we are about
to receive, may the Iinl make us
truly thankful." Tho cow ceased to
chase thorn, nnd they returned homo
and told their mother that they hud
"been saved by the power of prayer."
The Cat that Went to a Fire.
The other day In Boston nrv ularm
came In from box !, for a blaze in
the tenement houso at -110 Commer
cial street, caused by an overturned
lamp. A strange sight was witnessed
as wnter-tower No. 2 rolled In upon
tho scene from Its headquarters on
Bristol street A black-and-white ear
the pet of the repair shop, had been
taking a comfortable nap on top of
the tower when the alarm came In.
Before ho woke up he was on the
way to the tire, and like a good fire
man, he stuck to his post. On arriv
ing at tin lire he was furnished com
fin table quarters, and when tho tower
was reaily to return homo ho was
given a seat beside the driver.- Men
Aquarium Ink Trick.
There are many tricks which may
be done with Ink, but perhaps the slm-
The Trick Explained,
plest and one of the most Interesting
is tho Ink aquarium trick'.
Present a glass full of Ink to the
view of the spectators, then prove
that it is ink by dipping a visiting
card In It nnd showing the card. Now
announce (hat there are live llsh In
tho tumbler that Just thrive on Ink',
and ou will prove they are there by
changing the ink to water so that the
onlookers may see them.
Throw it handkerchief over the
glass o as lo entirely envelop It, re
peat an Incantation and then suddenly
whisk the handkerchief away.
The audience will be ory much as
tonished to Unit the glass filled with
water, clear as crystal, with several
fish swimming about In It.
The trick Is iei formed In this way.
Get a piece of thin black rubber cloth
and Hue Hie Inside of the glass with
It, thou tie a black thread to the up
per edge ot the cloth. Attach a little
button or bit or cork to tho end or tho
thread over hanging the tumbler, as
shown in the drawing.
Fill the glass with clear water, and
Introduce! several fish, live ones if
,oti can possibly procure them, but
if pot, toy llsh will serve, though the
trick will hardly be so effective.
The Ink test with the visiting card
Is accomplished by means of a con
federate who is in the audience and
who hands you a card which Is mark
ed with ink on one side. As you dip
the card Into the tumbler you con
trive to turn it around, and tho audi
ence then sees the black side, think
ing naturally that It has Just been Im
mersed In tlie Ink The startling
change from Ink to water Is effected
by pulling out the rubber cloth by
means of the attached thieail and
button when the handkerchief is
whisked away. Some practice Is need
ed first in order to do this without
spilling tho water In the glass, hut
Showing Smoke Pictures
If you can draw even a little bit
you can make pretty pictures of a new
and Interesting sort In a very easy
way. The picture Is made on any
flat surface that you can hold In a
gas, lamp or candle flamo without
burning or cracking. A piece of tin
or sheet zinc will do, or a china plate,
earthen pie dish or pane or glass. If
you use tin or zinc, take care that you
do not burn your fingers, ns a piece of
metal gets hot all over, though only
a part of It Is In contact with the
flame. On the other hand, If ou use
porcelnln or glass, especially the lat
ter, you must pass it quickly through
or just above (lie llanie to avoid crack
ing It by heating one spot too strong
ly, and repeat the operation until ns
large a spot as you need Is blackened
Draw your picture with it pin or a
pointed stick, which will scrnpo away
tho soot from the white china or
bright metal so that you cannot draw
very well Is simply this you can
alter the plcturo until you got It right.
pencil lino that is drawn
nfler you hnvo tried It several tlmon
you will find that the cloth may bo
removed without spilling a drop, nnd
that ou are In possession of a very
Fox After Chickens.
"Fox after chickens," Is a rather
good game. An older person is tho
lox, and her position Is to tun about
pretending to pick up sticks. The
"hen," who is the mother of the chick
ens, should also bo nit "elder," and
should have n long train of chicks
behind her, all standing one behind
the other, holding on to each other's
frocks, the one next the hen should
lake hold of her. When the hen sees
the fox she asks him what ho is pick
lug up sticks for.
"To boll a pan," Is the answer.
"What Is going to be in the pan?"
"Where will you get one?"
Then the lox tries to capture one of
tho chickens, while the hen tries to
dodge the fox and guard her chicks.
If the fox catches u chick he takes II
to his den. This Is continued until all
the chickens are captured.
Balancing Cup on Knife Point.
If the1 subject or too much coffee
drinking making one nervous and un
steady ever comes up at your break
fast table, hero Is a little trick by
which you can provo. with your own
coffee cup. that you are not nervous
and have got it steady hand.
Get a cork; hcpiee.e ll within tin
handle of your imp as shown In tho
drawing. Thou take a fork and stick
ii into the cork so Hint two of Its
prongs are on either side of the han
dle, being. sure to fix the fork In such
a position as to Insure its handle com
ing under the cup's bottom.
You have now fultllled one of thu
laws of gravity which will penult you
to balance your cup on the point of
a knife If you are careful about one
Iblng find the exact place on the
cup's bottom on which It will balance.
The Balanced Cup.
Your bund should be very steadyi
and must not tremble a particle or!
the cup will slip off. because Us hot-;
tout Is usually gluzed nnd very
smooth. The same result may be ob
tained by using two knives Instead of,
It would not be wise to try this ImM
mining feat with any coffee In your!
cup on the first attempt. '
and How They Are Made.
wrong has to bo rubbed out, nnd if
you use the rubber too much you
make a soiled and spoiled picture,
but If you make pnrt of your smoke
drawing wrong yon merely have to
smoke thr part again and do It over
and you can make us many changes
as you wish. When the picture Is ns
good as you can make It, lay on it :i
dampened piece of paper, press Iho
paper lightly and take It off. You
will find the smoko picture trans
ferred to the paper and you can keep
It from rubbing off by spraying it with
thlu gum water us artists do with pen
If you cannot druw at all yon cai.
still ninko smoke pictures by cut
ting out animals and human figures
from Illustrated papers, wetting them,
sticking them on tho plate, smoking
the latter and then romovo tho paper.
In this way you get white figures on n
black ground. You can mnko black
figures on a white ground by using
thu picture out of which you cut tha
figures Instead of tho figures thom
- . i
msezr- 3f .. 1
. .-.-,. ;jL!
t-ie r.iyTtii'J"w r n
V 'T-raruwiTii" mi ... i.l
r ' TS
Powered by Open ONI