Image provided by: University of Nebraska-Lincoln Libraries, Lincoln, NE
About The Red Cloud chief. (Red Cloud, Webster Co., Neb.) 1873-1923 | View Entire Issue (Oct. 23, 1903)
, iW1 iJ '-''' I8-'
" r "I1!' 'KVT1' lUWf
Tho Venozuolians Suspicious of
ME IS NOT A GENERAL MIXER
Basinets of tlto Country (IoIiir Itnrk-
ward Under Ills Utile Inability
or Hud I'ultti tlm Ciiiims
Passengers arriving at Wlllcinstad,
Island of Curaeoa, from Caracas, Vene
zuela, conllrm tho reports of attacks
mado by tho government newspapers
on tho umpires of the mixed tribunals
vrho havo given decisions adverse to
Venezuela. Tho passengers add that
the conduct of President Castro und
the offlc-Ial press shows that Venezuela
does not understand tho respect due to
tho mixed tribunal's umpires, and Fay
It -was n mistake to select Caracas as
tho scat of the tribunal.
When Minister Bowcn's Mexican pro
tocol was signed the king of Spain,
&s ronuostod, appointed Sonor Oaytnn
de Ayala, tho Spanish minister to
Venezuela, as Mexican umplie, and
Venezuela was pleased, but the news
papers of Caracas havo recently in
EUltcd him, owing to his having ren
dered a verdict in favor of Mexico.
El Naclonallsta. the organ of Gen
eral Hcninndcz, tho Venezuelan min
ister at Washington, which has been
the most bitter In Its attacks on for
eigners, on one occasion raid:
"Tho award is the outcome of Vene
zuela townrds the Spanish consul nt I.a
Guayrn, or of bad faith or Ignorance."
Another newspaper of Cumcas
"It Is strange that Mexico, of the
samo race, language, continent, re
ligion and history should dare to ask
money from her sister republic, Venc
cucla." Finally tho Spanish minister became
so incensed thnt he decided to leave
Caracas. On October it he turned over
the Spanish legation to the secretary,
and 'has made preparations to embark
Ono of the passengers from Caracas
said that as a result of President Cas
tro's policy trade in Venezuela was
stagnant, the people having no con
fidence in ids administration.
AVERAGE FOR TEN YEARS
Helirnsku Corn Crop Not ns Unml
Tho monthly roport of the chief of
tho bureau of statistics of the depart
ment of agriculture shows tho con
dition of corn on October 1 to have been
E0.8 as compared to 80.1 ono month ago.
and 79. G on October 1, 1002, 51.1 nt tho
corresponding date in 1901 and a ten
year average of 77.7.
Tho following table shows for each
of tho twenty principal corn states tho
condition on October 1 of this year, last
year and tho ten year averages:
Oct. 1 Oct. 1 10 Y'r
States 1903. 1902. Av'ge.
Illinois 82 91 83
Iowa 71 7C 81
Nebraska 70 80 C5
Kansas 78 87 04
Missouri 80 104 81
Toxa3 90 38 71
Indiana 81 97 S4
Georgia 80 Co 84
Tenncsso 81 75 78
Kentucky 80 82 SO
Ohio 70 8S 81
AlabHfnn 93 53 79
North Carolina 81 84 83
Arkansas 89 87 74
Mississippi 94 57 70
Virginia 87 87 84
South Carolina 82 82 80
Oklahoma 71 79 Dl
South Dakota SC 53 74
Pennsylvania 79 80 81
United States 80.8 79. C 77.7
Itulcs A jrul n Pit Fnllli Ilculrrs,
Especial Interest attaches to tho de
cision handed down by the court of
appeals at Albany, N. Y., in tho case
of tho people vs. Plenum, declaring
depondenco upon faith healing In the
case of sickness to bo criminal negli
gence. Pierson lives at White Plains.
N. Y., and early in 1901 waB sentenced
to ?GU0 tlno or 500 days imprisonment
for criminal neglect in failing to pro
vide 4i licensed physician to attend his
IC-montlis-old adopted daughter In n
ruse of bronchial pneumonia, which af
terward proved fatal. Tho conviction
was secured under tho penal code,
which holds that "a person who omits
without lawful excuse to perform a
duty by law imposed upon him, to fur
nish food, clothing, shelter or medical
attendance to a minor, is guilty,' etc.
Justice Bnrtlett, in tho prevailing
opinion In the appellate division, held
that tho "medical attendance-" referred
to In tho statute does not mean exclu
sively the attendance or a medical
practitioner In tho genoral senso of tho
We Should lie Hotter Clirlstluns.
Chancellor McCrackcn of tho New
York university deplored the lack of
church training shown by tho average
student In his nnnual nddress to the
Etudcnt body. Ho said: "I wish we
could rcqulro from every frcbhmnn a
Sunday school diploma tlvat would cer
tify that he know by heart tho ten
commamlmcnts, tho sermon on tho
mount, a church catechism of somo
kind a scoro of the scrlpturo hymns.
This' university will Join any asso
ciation of universities and colleges
thnt will demand this as an entrance
requirement. So much ns In us lies
wo will make tho collcgo a placo for
preserving and strengthening rever
ence for things dlvlno."
Will riuvu Thorn Under llond.
Another step In the reorganization of
the methods of tho government print
ing olllco Is In effect by nn order an
nounced requiring a $10,000 bond
tr he furnished by tho chief clerk of
ti,( printing, the foreman of tho blnd
W department, tho assistant foreman
of tho nineteen divisions of tho ofllcc,
and soveral other oillclnls. This action,
It Is explained, is designed to havo the
property of tho government In tho
hands of responsible parties and Is- in
Uno with tho maintenance of a moro
vigilant management of tho affairs of
tho printing oillcn.
TRAPPED BY DETEGTIVES.
A lrmp C'lmrco I'iicps Vnunc Man Con
reunion limli Otlirr.
Karl Ellsworth, aged twenty-four
years, has been arrested In Chicago
as tho result of an nlleged confession
which detectives obtnlned whllo pre
tending to be his friends.
Eighteen months ago nt Woodstlck,
111., Bcnjnmin Ellsworth, Earl's fnther,
finding his wlfo In company with Amos
Anderson, shot and killed both, and
then, ncardlug to Earl Ellsworth, who
gavo the police the story, tho old man
committed suicide. Enrl admitted hav
ing ndlvscd his father to kill tho couplo
aud nt the time was arrested as an
accessory, but was allowed to go, pub
lic sentiment generally being in hl3
An insurance compnny, however, be
ing liable for six thousand dollars In
surance which the elder Ellsworth car
ried, decided to investigate further.
Tho talk which young Ellsworth had
with tho detectives waa overheard by
witnesses secreted In an adjoining
room, and Is said to havo cloarcd Ells
worth's mother of tho chnrgo of faith
lessness, and to have left open to doubt
the statement that tho senior Ells
worth killed himself. It Is said there
was a conspiracy to obtain tho Insur
ance money. Earl Ellsworth and two
prominent citizens of Woodstock being
Involved, and that young Ellsworth's
alleged conversation was with his sup
posed friends, who claimed to be help
ing to avoid impending nrrcst, lenven
open to grave question tho statement
that the killing of Anderson and Mra
Ellsworth by by tho elder Ellsworth.
Unto All tho Money Tlioy Want.
Colonel Edwards, chief of tho bu
reuu of Insular affairs of tho war de
partment, Washington, who hns been
managing In this country the finances
of tho Philippine government and car
rying out tho act of tho last congress
for supplying tho Philippines with cur
rency, recently cnbled tho Philippine
commission that there should now bo
In tho Islands 15,932,850 pesos, nnd that
the amount yet to be coined and
shipped amounted to 1,000,000 moro,
this amount being at tho mints or con
tacted for. A reply has been received
from the commission stating that tho
amount of coin now In the Philippines,
together with Fomo 5.000,000 pesos In
p'apcr'inonqy, to bo increased to seven
millions, to which should he added
from eight to nine million pesos in
Spanish coin, would be sufficient nnd
advising ngainst 'the purchase of any
more bullion for tho purpose of coining
Philippine pesos. This action has been
taken by 'the Insular bureau and no
nioi e silver will bo purchased further
than what Is necf ssary to fulfill tho ex
isting stipulations with tho mints.
Asslcni-d ChHrce tat tho Yenr,
The United Brethren conference In
cast Nebraska .has made the following
Presiding elder, C. S. Long; Lincoln,
W. M. Buswcll; Seward, to bo supplied;
Grcsnam, W. Smith; Shelby, E. F.
Bowers: Shlloh, R. G. Carter; York,
W. F. Perry; Lush ton, W. J. Farnsley;
West Blue, E. Bittncr: Unndllla, J.
Dean; Panama. M. O. McLaughlin; Ne-
hawka, J. F. Hedges; Olterbeln. T. K.
Surface: Memphis, O. L. Stonn; Bee, to
be supplied; Beatrice, W. S. Lynde;
Blue Springs. J. A. Smith; Du Bols. P.
II. Schcll; Pawnee, C. O. Robb; Plck-
rell; .1. H. Bevcridge; Swnnton, P. H.
Schell; Pleasant Hill. P. W. Brink;
Strang. O. E. Gregg; Palrbury, J. M
Hasklns; llnrblnc. 15. H. Adklns; Crab
Orchard. W. H. Mills; Vesta, S. B. Mc
Vey; Julian, C. J. Melville.
Boimtor Doltrlrh Itturnn Home.
C. H. Dietrich, United States senator
from Nebraska, and member of tho
senate committee on public lands, has
arrived homo after a four month's visit
His object is visiting the territory
was to faniillarizo himself with tho
conditions there. Ho does not attach
much importance to tho glowing pros
pects of Alaska's great agricultural
possibilities that havo como hero for
Ho says that many thousands of dol
lars expended at the government agri
cultural experimental station at Sitka
have not. established any agricultural
facts about the territory that havo not
been known for fifty years.
Will bo Hwceplnr In Kffect.
Employes of tho Pacific Express com
pany wnnt moro pay and shorter hours.
For several weeks tho movement which
Is said to represent a membership of
0,000 employes has becu on foot, nnd
tho Pacific company, it is said, has been
selected to bo used as a started so that
In cuso the demand goes through, it
will bo tried on tho other companies.
Tho Pacific company operates over
thousands of miles of road In tho west
and southwest, Including the Gould and
Harriman lines. Tho officers of the ex
press company nro James Eggleston,
president, and Frederick C. Gentsch,
genoral superintendent. Tho offices of
tho brotherhood of expressmen arc In
Queer Capers of tho Ills Mnddy.
Farmers on tho cast side of tho Mis
souri river nt Plattsmouth are losing
mnny acres of valuable land by reason
of the river's cutting tho land away.
The heaviest Iosb so far is on tho
Connor placo, whore eighty acres havo
boon washed ompletely away. Other
properties havo also beon heavily dam
aged. Old residents fenr that tho entiro i'C
tlon embraced by the big bond above
Hcnton stntlon will be swept away.
A Unman Flood.
Tho Morgan post, Berlin, prints n
tory of the arrest of a Russian peasant
woman, named Murak, of Tarutlna,
provlnco of Malaga, Russia, charged
with murdering ono thousand babies
for a small fco.
Strikers Itotu-rn to Work.
Tho Dyers nnd Morcerlzors' union,
Philadelphia, has given tho dyers per-
inlualnn in rMnrn in wnrlf tliim flnnllv
ending tho textllo strike, which began
on .hmo 1. The dvors aro the last of
tho 120,000 strikers to return to work.
"LEM jPoLLOCK'S , DAHN'
If tho proposed bargo or ship or any
jther sort of canal could receive all
tho flames of criticism and tho fire
brands hurled ut tho poor tlilnj In
WIndyvllIe, it would dry up and ills
appear liko n dend eel In tho sun.
PcrklnB' steadies have raised that
$101,000,000, dug the cannl, nnd en
rlched every contractor, as well as Im
poverished SI Pembrook, who runs a
sawmill, and havo sent to the poor
houso Ell Plvlns. Whnt'll Ell do If
tho now canal drains his sulphur
spring and renders Inactive his
famous summer resort, whero ho has
entertained as many ns slxteon resort
ors In ono season? Whnt'll tho cows
nnd horses do for drinking water If
tho canal takes Gum Creek for a feed
"Condemn the goRhdorned old ditch!
It'll spllo tho scenery, tf tamp' pol'tlcks
and dlstroy fecllnY. 'mong friends,
duuimlt! Now, thur hain't no more
uso fur thct cannl than thur Is fur
nuthcr teat to a cow's bag "
"How'h your barn foundnshun glttln'
on, Lorn?" broke In Poot.
It was a sore subject with Lem, nnd
Poot know where the wound hurt tho
most, henco never failed to npply his
finger whenever occislon presented.
"Samo'B 'foro, slow-like. But I hain't
got no moro courage fur bnm buildln'
Flnco thct pesky cannl blzncsR como
long sweepln th-otigh Windyvlllo
"But sho hain't doln' no sweepln' to
speak on Jest now "
"Sho will though. She'll como
r.woopln' 'long here, nn' she'll cut a
big sllco off my lower cornfield, duni
mlt! If thct pesky olo ennnl destroys
my cornfield I'll suo tho Leglslntoor
fur heavy damages, b'goshi"
The Office Boy's Lesson
In n down town rcnl estate ofllco
tho boss called up an ofllco boy who
was first In lino of promotion, to a
"Here, John," ho said, "is $G0 I
want paid nt onco to Mr. Blank. Bo
suro to bring tho receipt with you."
John took the roll of bills handed
him by his employer and hurried nway.
Ho was obliged to travel to Harlem,
and In three hours lite camo'oadt look
ing vory much upset. But' ho handed
In the recolpt nil right, and went to
his desk. Tho boss looked at him
curiously several times during tho
day, but said nothing further to him
until closing-tip time. Then ho asked
"What did Mr. Blank say when you
took him that money mis morning i"
"Nothing," was John's brief re
sponse. "Now, John." anld tho boss, "I
want you to toll mo tho truth. I gave
you only $55, nnd you brought mo back
a receipt for $C0 Where did you
get tho other $5. I wanted to teach
you a lesson beloro promoting you in
He "Hoofed" It Back.
Farmer Bilkington wns Jogging
along homeward, behind his old gray
mare, after a day of peddling "garden
truck" among tho summer cottagers,
when ho overtook a young man In a
sea blue shirtwaist, purplo chocked
golf trousers and red shoes, who waB
Bmoklng n cigarette.
"Hello!" ho cried loudly. "Say, un
do, can you glvo a fellow a lift to
Without waiting for assent ho
Jumped into tho wagon and took n
scat alongside tho farmer. "Might as
well ride with you ns walk," ho said;
"thoso country roads of yours aro
horrible Why don't you wako up In
this section and get a decent road,
heh? Makes mo wish I was back In
tho city. Ever been thoro, old chnp?
Hnvo a cigarette?"
The farmer looked at him n littlo
Bharply. "You a real city man?" ho
Tho young "city boarder," who unit
ed tho fascinating grace of a floor
walker with tho manners of a circus
barker, but whom tho cows were' still
missing in his native vlllago, Bald ho
guosscd ho was, all right, all right, and
tho farmer lapsed into ullencu" nnd
"Salt Is a good cure for pnako blto,"
said a man who has been in tho hills
of Alabama, "hut I did not know it
until recently. I spent several weoks
In Alabama with a friend of mlno, and
whllo up thero lcarnoi something
about snnkos and snnko bites that I
novcr know beforo, and, moro than
that, I saw practical demonstrations
of tho efficacy of salt as a euro for
"By tho way, tho crop of rattle
snakes la Alabama is larger this year
than over hoforo in tho history of tho
8tato, and that 1b Laying a good deal,
for It has been a long tlmo since thero
was anything but a big crop of rattlers
up In that section of tho world. Dur-.
Ing ono duy spent In tho cane which
grows In abundnnco ut tho foot of tho
hills I personally killen twenty-flvo rat
tlesnakes of various sizes ami ages,
1 1 "over saw ub many snakes In my
i life, and I would bo ashamed to toll
you tho vast number I saw but did not
I urn. uu i waa uycauiut; ui tiuii as
"Lot's see, Loin, you laid out tho
linos t'ur tho barn foiindaHliun In tho
year o' '79. didn't you?"
"No, 'tutu In 'SO I got tho thing
nil llggercd out, nn had my mind
mndo up what color paint I'd paint
tho bam. 1 sot up two hull nights
Hcttlln' whether I'd have n. roster or
a boss fur a weather cock. It took
two weeks fur me to hicnto Jest tho
propei placo fur my oat bins an' fan
nlti' mill then 1 lost a cow an' got
"But j on felt hotter 'bout It. Lorn,
In 'bout tho year of '89, didn't you?"
askod Poot calmly.
"Ye, on'y 'twin, in "0. Hnd It all
workol out In blnck and whlto on pa
per, an' wuz purty nigh llpo to tacklo
tho Job when my darter Tlldy Jan
ctte up an' innrrlcd tho travlln' sing
In' teacher, an tho extra expenses hit
thct b'irn an' knocked It Into a cocked
hat spashhaly arter they both como
to llvo hum wuth ma an' me, duiu
mlt!" "An you took a new holt 'long 'bout
the year 59 "
"Wrong, Poot; 'twits year o' 1900
thct I got up my tinnier an' started
ag'ln to 'rect thct barn. Then I spit
nn my hands, brushed my hair tho
other side to fur good luck, nn' mndo
up I'd either up wuth thot barn or
elso tbc pesky thln'd down mo. Thct
yenr I commenced to dig out Polly
wog Crick thot lends friini my hack
yard to the stun quarry; goln' to mako
a stun boat cixnnl bo's I could git stun
fur tho foundation easy an' wuthout
expense, you know. Hail ton rods
dug out all idlck as you please, when
'long come the freshet nn' washed tho
batik In an' burled tho canal deeper'n
handling cash. Never trust any man's
word when ho hands you a roll of bills.
count your money every tlmo, my
boy. I merely wanted to teach you
a lesson In business."
"You mean old cuss!" shouted John.
"I novor suspected you of a trick liko
that. When Mr. Blank counted only
$55 I told him you said It was $00
when you hantlod me th6 roll, no look
ed at mo kind of queer and said, 'What
are you going to do about It?'
" 'Goln'- right homo to mother,' I
say, 'an' 'got the monoy.'
"I went homo nnd told mother I'd
lost ono of tho five-dollar bills, and
sho lent mo $5 out of dnd's insurnnco
monoy, which she'd been savin'. When
I paid Mr. Blank ho says: 'Sonny, if
over you want to change your Job
como to me.'
"And I'm going to do It. Plenso pay
mo back that 11 vo dollars and what's
coming to mo in wagos. You are
losing a good ofl.-o boy nnd Mr.
Blank's getting ono. Thnt's whero I'm
glvln you a lesson In bus.nc38." New
touched up tho old gray maro. Tho
old man was nald to bo "nigh" and
"close" In most matters, hut ho was
alway3 ready to glvo foot passengers
n "lift;" ho rather liked, however, to
bo asked for tho favor a llttlo politely.
Alter two or threo miles had been
travorscd tho youth In tho sea bluo
shirtwaist stopped relating tho charms
of Broadway to remark:
"Seems morn of a dlstanco to Har
bor Breeze thnn I had thought."
"It's quite a ways," said tho farmer.
Another half hour passed and tho
city youth asked:
"I nay, old Turnips, how fnr Is It to
this blamed Harbor Breezo, anyway?"
"Wall-1," responded tho farmer, In
hln slowest dr.iwl, "keeping on this
way wo'ro goln naow I'd Bay 'twas n
matter of abaout 25,000 miles or bo,
clean around tho world; but of you
want you could Jump nout of this
wagon and hoof it back tho rood. It
nin't much no, not much, I guess
abovo ten miles."
And, speechless, Blue Shirtwaist got
out and hoofed It.
"I calc'lato," said tho farmer to
"mother" later, "I calc'lato his way of
talking to the next man ho meets will
bo somo dllferent."
a euro for blto of a snako. Most ovcry
ono in that part of tho country when
tnoy go into tho woods will carry a
small bag of salt aloug in order to pro
toct thomsolvcn against snnko blto.
Snakes aro so plentiful that they
never know whon they will bo attack
ed by ono of thoso mombors, and so
they go proparcd for an emergency.
"It soonis thnt tho salt Is a good ab
sorbent and In n very nhort whllo
after its application It will draw tho
poison out of tho body. I know that
salt waa frequently usod to draw
stuiiiB out of soiled llnon and things
of thnt sort, but tho fact that It Is
good for snaico bites is a now thing for
mo. Tho plan workn In Alchnma, hut
I supposo it would bo an uwfully hard
mattor to convince, somo of tho oM
codgers that uiero was not a bettor
remody thnn salt for an affliction of
this sort. And I may add that I am
willing to concede that tho other well
known rouiedy Is a bit more pleasaut."
New Orleans Times-Domocrat.
When the Lamb Comes.
As tho tlmo for tho coming of tho
youngsters npproaches, tho Bliepherd
will bo making preparations, Bivya A.
D. Gamloy. If tho lamb3 nro coming
In Mny, very llttlo In necessary to bo
done, but If In March, and tho nhcop
pon Is not warm enough for new-born
lnmbn, then warmer quarters must bo
provided. My plan Is to havo n, Bhod
built of poles, covered with straw and
well banked with manure, Into which
turn tho cnttlo, making tho vacntod
stalls Into tomjiornry poub by uniting
a few boards across tho ends. Now
for tho lnmbs. As tho ewes bring
thorn Into tho wnrm stable, whore tho
pons hnvo already been prepared, ox
amino tho utMor, drnw somo milk, bo
thnt tho lamb will got It moro freoly,
clean all tho wool and filth away from
nround It, no that the lamb will havo
no trouble In getting hold of tho tont.
If tho lamb Is strong, don't be In too
great n hurry to get htm to Buck, ho
will soon find tho teat, and tho loss
they aro handled the better. If tho
lnmb Is weak, assist it to tho teat,
holding It up for a few times, or until
ho finds bis legs. It too weak to suck,
draw somo milk from the owo into a
warm tea cup, feeding two or threo
spoonfuls at a time, until strong
enough to help Itself. If a lnmb 1b
chilled nnd uppnrently lifeless, pour a
tenspoonful of gin in n littlo wnrm
water down its throat, and submcrgo
It onco, nil but tho head, In warm
wator, or put In a warm oven. Tho
latter, tho hot air cure, I think la
much tho surest plan. I havo brought
round lnmbs In that way that havo
been picked up for dead. Novcr glvo
up a lamb that has been chilled and
novor Bucked, without trying ono of
tho nforesnld methodn for itB recov
ery; tho chances for thnt lamb living
nro a good deal better than for an
ailing lamb a few days or n wcok old.
As tho lambing progresses, tho shep
herd will havo observed that somo
ewes aro. much heavier mllkera than
others, and that tho poor mllkera very
often havo twins; put ono of tho twins
on a ewo with a Blnglo lnmb and a
good mllkor. Tho best and easiest
plnn Is to pick out a owo giving Indi
cations of being a good -mother, and
watch for her lambing. As, soon as
sho has lambed, nnd'boforo sho gets
up, placo tho twin Iamb besldo the
now-born Iamb, and roll and rub thorn
together, which will give tho samo
appcaranco ' ami smell to both, and
when tho owo turns round to BurVey
her progeny sho will never suspect tho
fraud, but will commence licking both
lambs. I havo novcr scon this plan
fall. If n owo loses her lamb, mako
her foster a twin (aim to mako ovcry
owo ralso a lamb). This requires a
littlo patience My plnn 1b to skin
tho dend lamb and sow tho pelt on to
tho twin lamb, putting tho dam und
foster lamb In a dark pon for a fow
days, always keeping a sharp look
out to see if tho lamb Is doing all
right. It Is an well In their caso to
tlo up tho owo for tho first day or bo.
Take off tho pelt in 24 or 30 hours.
Weaning the Plgo.
Tho common mothod Is to shut tho
pigs up and let tho bows go out In tho
pasturo, said a Wisconsin swlno breed
er. Then tho music begins. That is
tho way I used to do. Tho bows hung
around tho wholo day, and then thoy
got caked and wo would havo troublo
with them, and sometimes ac excel
lent brood bow waB ruined. I don't do
that now. I havo a feeding floor ad
Joining my hogtrouso. Tho feeding 1b
all dono on this floor. I shut tho
sows in on this floor and allow the
pigs every access to thorn. I food tho
sows all tho oats they can eat; glvo
thorn all tho water thoy can drink.
Tho pigs aro fed all tho shelled corn
thoy can eat. They go up thero, eat
and get to tho bows. By tho end of
tho week theso sown aro dry, nnd tho
pigs got bo disgusted going up there
and finding nothing that thoy Just
quit. Absolutely at tho ond of ono
week not a pig will go near Itn mother.
You can turn tho sows right out in tho
pasturo with tho pigs, and thero Is no
moro troublo. Now this Is not a
theory. I havo dono that way for yoars
and tho pigs novcr suck tho sows
agnin. It is an easy thing to dry a
sow that way; feed them nothing but
oats on a dry floor nnd lot them drink
A bulletin of tho Missouri Stnto
Board of Agrlculturo Bays: Missouri
ranks third in tho United States In
tho number nnd value of her swlno
productB according to tho twelfth con
sua reports, being oxceedod only by
Iowa and Illinois. By reforenco to
tho report It will bo seen" that on
Juno let, 1900, thero wcro In round
numbers 4,500,000 hogs In this state.
From tho samo authority wo find that
tho principal classes of live stock In
Missouri wero valued on Juno 1st,
1900, as follows:
This shows that hogs rank third
among tho great llvo stock interests
of the stato In total valuation, but it
wo tako Into consideration tho fact
thnt tho bulk ot tho hogs aro mar
keted at tho ago of from six to nlno
months, whllo tho bulk of the cattlo
aro two yoars old or more, horses
and mules from four to eight years old
whon marketed, then tho bogs make a
hotter showing. Tbo total cash re
ceipts from the sale ot hogs Is a dos
second to cattle,
-i-fw Art.fyw' a j.,ir
i-" rzri r-v"v. - mi""' -
Coopc for Judfjlnn Fowls,
At tho Wisconsin State? fair Insl
week wo noticed what was to mosl
people a now fcaturo In coops to bo
usod In Judging. Tlictio woro mado
open on both sides. This gives th
light n full passage around tho birds
nnd tho Judges havo no trouble In boo
Ing tho specimens they aro to pass
upon, without removing them from the
coopn. The Judges do their work on
tho opposlto sldo from tho crowdi
which Is nnolher advantngo of this
arrangement. Of courso tho birds nro
taken out of tho coops and handled
whon neconnnry, in any event. With
tho old stvlo of coops, thoso open on
ono sldo, thoro was always a semi'
twilight when the Judgo, clerk and
ownerB of tho blrdu got around them.
Then, too, It wns alwnya n nulsanco
to havo pooplo crowding In botwoon
tho Judgo and tho clerk making rcc
ordn for him. Now thoso two oillclnls
havo a wholo row of coops betwoon
themBolvoB and other Interested por
William E. Rice, In a Unitod Statos
Department of Agrlculturo bullotln on
squab ratalng, Biiya: No success can
bo expected tiniest proper kinds ot
food aro procured and tho blrdH nro
regularly fed. Long contlnuod feed
ing on cracked corn and wheat alono
lnvnrlably falls to produco an good
squabs or as many nu whon a fuuhor
Squabs ("peepers"), 12 hours old.
vnrloty of gralnB la fed. In thoir froe
Rtato, plgoons can select a varloty ot
grains, avoiding ono kind and choosing
another, as their appetites dictate, but
when they nro kept In n small on
'closuro' they must of courso take what
tho breodor glva them. Hence, It
becomes, highly Important that the
breeder have good Judgment as to
kinds and quality of food to Bet be-,
foro them, and thnt ho havo Interest
enough In his flock to avoid stinting
tho quantity or feeding too largoly of
Tim bIx principal feeds aro cracked
corn, Canada peas, wheat, Gorman
millet, kaflr corn nnd hemp. On tho
floor of ench pon keep about a peck
of clean sand evenly aprcad. Procure
threo boxcB about tho hIzo of email
cigar boxes; fill ono nbout ono-thlrd
full of lino table salt; tlto Bccond wltb
cracked oyster ahclls, pigeon size, and
tho third with ground charcoal, about
Bqunbs ("BqucnUcrs"), 21 hours old.
as fine ns ground coffco. Theso threo
substances are very essential to tho
health ot pigeons. Clean out and re
plenish each of Uiobo boxes weekly.
For tho morning ration glvo equal
partB of cracked corn, whont and peas,
woll mixed. In tho afternoon uso
cracked corn, kaflr corn, millet nnrt
peas In equal parts. Twlco a week
feed hemp Instead of millet. A small
quantity of rico may bo fed onco a
week with ndvantngo. Tho morning
feed should bo at nbout 7 o'clock nnd
tho afternoon feed at 4 o'clock In Bum
mor and 3 in winter. This afternoon,
tlmo Is necessary In order thnt the
birds may havo amplo opportunity to
fill thomsolvoB and feed their young
Somo wonder why squabs die In to
nost or get on tho floor nnd do not
fatten up properly. Very frcquontlJ!
Squabs ("squealers"), 28 days old, read
tho reason is becnuso tho old birds are
not properly fed. Wo should constant
ly bear in mind that a squab Is very
different from a chick. A nowly
hatched chick can run about and help
Itself to food and wntcr. Tho squab,
on tho othor hand, la uttorly helpless
at birth. It Is unahlo to walk and must
bo fed In tho neat with wliatovor tho
parent bird brings to it. For about
flvo days naturo provides a apodal
food commonly callod "pigeon milk,"
a creamy substanco contained In tho
crops of tho pigeons, and which thoy
hnvo tho power to oject from their
mouth into tho mouths of their young.
After a few dayH of audi feeding, tho
squab Is fed on such grains as tho
pigeon gots, and by tbo samo process
of tranafor from tho paront's mouth
to its own, Henco It is essential that
proper food bo given tho pigeons,
12 jXJ 111 . A. V. "0WLT' ju
i irmg!Jb-'fttf'L v
iiixriHsn A'siini.. t
" .'- " -
H t f
Powered by Open ONI