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About The Red Cloud chief. (Red Cloud, Webster Co., Neb.) 1873-1923 | View Entire Issue (Sept. 18, 1903)
x Bulgaria Wants Mascedonian
4- Massacres fo Stop
WILL GO JO WAR, ELSE
T.-IIh l0,.r, t,,,.,. Mll ,,,.,.,.,
Kolntli,i, ,tn At.Kti-loii l'ri-riit
rctlri., ami A,,,i llui-rlllit
U.irfitn. ntlitr N.
if A. I.cjtiilrin. September 1,, dispatch
.vk: i'he important nolo cent by Bul
garia to t!n powers, declaring that tin-n-t
tl)i latter Intervene in Mnrcdontu
Bulgaria will be forced to take stub
nii'iwirra us she may deem neccwarv,
w held Ki M n pri hide to the inoblll.a
Hon ot tho Bulgarian army unless Eu
tope exeits briself In mine way to pro-u-iil
a eoitlllct uiul there Is probably
Koine coiitK-i tlon lictwcen tbls eventu
ality and the derision of the revolu
tionists to rncit to guerilla, tactics,
which may be in order to teservo their
lesourers for co-operation with Bul
garia. . It l announred at Sofia that Prlnro
ff'eidiiiainl will return to the Bulgarian
apltal from Euvlr.ogiiul In u few days,,
when the. government will take some
lec Lslvo step.
Tlii Daily .Mall understands that the
Jlritlsh eablnet has icsolved uimn naval
o-oppratlon with the powers hi near
iLstern waters, and that rllltlsh wart-hips
will shortly appear at Saloniea.
A dispatch from Monastlr denies
iliat thu Insurgents have been terror
ized or dispersed by Turkish troop.?.
They aro merely bidding their time,
it says. The correspondent gives an
authenticated case of the massacre
-wear Monastlr of thirty Inhabitants
hr yielded on the strength of Hllma
Pasha's proclamation guaiantecing
An Athens dispatch iinuoiir"cs that
Premier UiilII has formulated n de
mand for the punishment of the Turk
ish leaders responsible, for the pillage
of tho Greek villages in Macedonia and
the murder of their Inhabitants.
It Is stated In Vienna that tho rep
resentatives or the powers have ad
vised the sultan to withdraw the Al
banian Rcdlfs from Adrlnnople on ac
count of their lawlessness.
A Sofia correspondent telegraphs that
the situation has changed distinctly for
the worse. He says: "The powers np-
pear to be pursuing the same tactics
'which preceded tho Oracco-Turklsh
war. and tho result will probably bo
hlmllar. Instead of taking steps to
check the barbarities committed in
Macedonia, they have, allowed matters
to drift and are now trying to find a
remedy In useless ami Irritating nd
monltiona to the Bulgarlnn govern
ment. Count Lamsdorf, the Russian
foreign minister, and Count Goluchow
.ky. tho Austro-Huugarlnn foreign
minister, have expressed to the other
powers the belief that an Identical
note should lie sent to Turkey and Bul
garia warning them that In the event
of war neither combatant can expect
aid from the great poweis and that
the Atistro-llusslan reform scheme will
be maintained and the status quo pre
herved." Ileyond making urgent representa
tions to Bulgaria, the Associated press
Icarus from a well Informed diplomatic
Kourco that the jiowers will tulte no
action to avort war in the Ualknn.s
until the conference between the e.ar
and Emperor Francis Joseph nt Vien
na during the latter part of the month.
The result of this decision will bo to
continue to leave Turkey a free hand
in the ruthless suppression of tho in
surrection, unless Uulgarla. unmindful
of the warning of the powers that she
fl will reap nothing from Intervention,
should act. an eventuality which the
diplomats fear cannot long be post
poned. Interest Is taken here In the
suggestion or tho Novoo Vremya of at.
Petersburg, as a solution of the dltll
cultles, that ofllcers of the foreign
pow.ers be attached to all Turkish re
pressive expeditions, with authority to
prevent unnecessary cruelty.
A Turkish official says the appoint
ment of Nazln Hey as governor of Bei
rut is believed to show tho porte's ap
preciation of tho necessity for preserv
4 TOURING EASTERN CUBA
rrimlilent I'll lin ii Itrrnlvlntr KnllumlHB
tlo WflctmirM Kriim tlie I'enplu
President Palma received nn ent Inel
astic send-off from Havana September
11 when ho departed for a tour of east
ern Cuba. He passed from his carrlnge
to tho train through a long lino of
prominent citizens and on arriving on
tho platform conversed for a few min
utes with United States Minister
Squires. Crowds lined the route of the
train through the city and suburbs and
tho president was kept busy waving re
sponses to tho adieus. The Inhabitants
l of tho smaller towns on the railroad
" assembled at tho stations and cheered
as the' handsomely decorated train
passed through. At the larger towns
tho rural guurds were drawn up ami
saluted; bands played and the ofllejals
paid their formal rcsiwets to the presi
dent. .'Mutiny Story IlxiigKfi-ittt'il
A report that the members of the
crew of the battleship Kearaarge are
on tho vcrgo of mutiny and that 120
of them aro Incarcerated in the brig
of tho ship, was denied by Captain
Hemphill of the ship. At no time dur
ing tho trip, he declared, had more
than nine men bcon locked up.
rirumuii Orgnnlxit Union
It has- lieen learned that the Pitts
burg, Pa., firemen have semetly organ
ized a union and will soon receive a
garter from tho American federation
f; labor. Tho organization' starts with
G50 members and tho Intention Is to
follow with tho unionizing of the Alle
gheny fire department on Saturday
next. When these two cities aro thor
oughly organized an International as
sociation will bo formed by tho feder
ation with tho object In1 view of sccur-
Ing hotter pay, with shorter hours for
the fire fighters and a release from all
WILL RIDE FUED COUNTRY
.-ilvntlnn Army Id (tlrnn unit Cttrnor la
Koiitm-kr llml I. uiul
The first use of cavalry men In tho
Salvation, army will be made In a
march through the tend districts of
Kentuckyi Those who will r;l(lt with
Staff Captain William Eseott nml Col.
Richard E. P. Haley have arrived la
Cincinnati In rough rider uniforms.
Following a street pa ratio hold in
Cincinnati September 14, a public,
meeting was held nt Slnton hall "to
ask Divine blessing" on the march of
tho Salvation army through the Cum
berland mountains. Colonel Holz, Ma
jor Hunter and members of the stntt
appeared on the stage In the khaki
tough rider suits that they wear on
the march, and several made short
speeches. The principal address was
by Colonel Holz, who stated that this
campaign had been In contemplation
for some time and that It was more
than a temporary movement. They ex
pected to hold meetings In churches,
town halls and school homes, but were
going preiKired to hold open-air meet
ings. They have, already had advauco
agents over the course of their Itiner
ary and will hold meetings any place
along the way. They carry their mus
ical instiuiuents, all of the picked men
being Instrumental as well ns vocal
musicians. While they will furnish
good outertnlumeiittf as well as hold
religious services. It is their purpose,
to start local organizations in tho
country districts, us well as In tho
towiitt and have tho Salvation army en
tertainments take the place of dunces
and drinking brawls wherever possible.
PAY TRIBUTE TO McKINLEY
Stiitiif of .Murdrri-tl I'rcnlilcnl Unveiled
II t Toledo
Toledo. Ohio, was en felc Monday
over the unveiling of the McKlnloy
statue. After a nuval parade on tho
river, Including the United States gun
boat Michigan ami the training ship
Ynntlc and Hawk, and a procession led
by a battalion of United States In
fantry, the statue was unveiled by Miss
Dorothy. Homier. Col. J. C. Honner,
president of the memorial association,
presented the monument to the county,
and Henry Conrad, president of tho
hoard of county commissioners, ac
cepted the trust on the part of tho
A dedicatory poem by Theodore Mc
Mnnus was read by the author and tho
orator of the tluy. Senator Charles W.
Fairbanks of Indiana, was Introduced,
who made an extended address.
lilt: I'nlon or Miner
It has been announced that another
huge union of the Coupr d'Alene mines
Is being effected to offset the combina
tion recently arranged by the Roekc-feller-Gould-Swecny
Interests. It 19
asserted that the American Smelting
and Refining company is forming an
alliance with the Hunker Hill and Sul
livan, the Morning and the Hercules,
three of the largeht lead producers In
Idaho. Detuils of the proposed com
bination are not yet known.
l.'eil Mull rrnmlulfiilly
Arthur .1. Herbst was arrested and
arraigned In New York on- a charge
of fraudulent use of the malls, he and.
Julius N. Nls&on, now under arrest In
Chicago, having. It Is alleged, opened
an ofllce in Chicago and borrowed tho
name of tho Western Supply company
of thnt nlure to secure goods on the
credit of that company.
Inillcttiil liv (Srunil .lory
Ernest E. Johneon, whp recently was
arrested on a charge" of ' embezzling
?48,r00 from the Commercial Hanking
company of Duliilll, Minn., which net
was simultaneous with tho closing
down of tho Institution; was Indicted
fiy the grand jury on two counts for
forgery In the third degree. Johnson
Is out on $2.',00i) bonds.
A whole ox will bo roasted at the
West Virginia barbecue at- Reining.
The choice steak will bo reserved for
Governor Halley. tho'omtor of the day.
NEWS IN BRIEF
Chlcngo Former United States Sen
ator C. H. Farwell. who has been seri
ously ill for several weeks, fell from
a chair Monday evening and sustained
a broken arm.
LacroKno, Wis. Tho steamer Pari;
Hluff was capsized. I.ti a fierce storm
which prevailed on the Mississippi and
Engineer James Ferguson, of this city,
was drowned. Tho other members of
the crew were saved.
Lincoln. Neb. The state of Nebras
ka was visited the first of the week by
snow and a cold, driving rain. Tho
conditions of tho weather aro so un
certain that fanners and stock-raisers
are tumble to care for their grain and
stock In the best manner, and a frost
la looked for.
Tulare, Colo. A letter received here
from Georgo E. Hale, of Chicago, sec
retary of the commission on observa
tories, stales that a Carnegie observa
tory will be built on top of Mount
Whitney, the highest point In tho
I'nited Stales. The building will be
120xll!0 feet, of giauite and natural
Pittsburg, Pa. All but one of tho
missing men supposed to have been
burned under tho debris of the cave-In
at tho Green Tree tunnel of the Wa
bash railroad Saturday night, have
been accounted for. Most of tho Aus
trian laborers have refused to work,
fearing another fall, and their places
have been tilled by colored men.
Seattle, Wash. Patrolman Schane
mau of tho local pollco forco, was shot
and killed by William S. Thomas, ono
of three mon who held up the Vlllard
bar Saturday night. Sehnnemnn was
trying to arrest Thomas at tho time.
Washington Plans for tho forth
coming army maneuvers at Fort Riley,
Kan,, have been nrfnounced nt the war
dopartment. The maneuvers aro to
begin on or about October 15 ami con
tinue until October 27. They will bo
participated lu by federal troops from
tho centrnl and northern garrisons and
the natlannl guards of surrounding
Hlie s)inim Into Hie womli'ii neat
And ciuuslit tlie repot with cruee.
Her wlnsimio dimple Ki.ni ,1ml nwoct
I, It tip tlie xlunliiwetl place,
And, llulitly xwiivini; to nml fro.
- Nn lilnl upon the ulim
W;t,..;t uv lull, of nice. I niuiyv
Ait full." IftMhe HwlllK - - Wf-
tip. li, tip.
She ltn.Hed toward Hie !;
Down, down, diiun.
I wn tilled her nuly II) ,
Ami maddened iokI
My bviii t wuh tiet
An sliu went iluctly tty.
When pretty maiden. I.timlilu.', simtn
The ciirth, 'tl liaid tn hear;
Whom Nliall a Implex wooer turn
To lighten hi ilcfcpuii !
All, love will tied u xpnl nt l.ixl '
Fur hope to leu n nml cIInk
J ciillrbt her II Mile Hilled i.ll.
l'n I r l'nlly, mid the snlnc
t'p. up, up.
Amid the IhuikIi tw lied-
Down, down, down
As JoviiukIv we sped
And lu the ii Jr
I'd Won the fnlr
llefure the en I wiim de.ul
-Rmimul ,M 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 it l'eck in lint tin, Tiuii.
& - waBSi&K$&& a .. .Ms
t'opyi ItMid, JiKAJ, Li Tlit
"Where, oh! whore ls the good 1211
jali?" "Where, oh! where " Edith's gay
young volco broke off In the midst of
Its lilting song at thu warning finger
from tho doorway. Heforo tho girl
could ask the meaning of tho warning,
tho Row Klljah Strong appeared In
tho doorway behind Mrs. Wentworth,
gravely polite, a llttlo mocking smile
uboitt his lips, a merry twluklo in his
dark gray eyes.
"Hero I am, Miss P.dith. I am glnd
you find mo' good."
Edith had been In tho habit of hum
ming this song of her childhood over
since sho had known the Rev. Elijah
Strong, partly In rldlculo of tho old
fashioned inline, partly to teaso her
mother. Now, caught at her nonsense,
sho blushed scarlet.
"Oh, then, ho hasn't 'gone up In a
chariot of fire," she Hashed hack
saucily, though her cheeks were still
"Hut he'll need the ravens to feed
him. If you're not ready for tea soon,"
interposed Mrs. Wentworth, sentlng
herself and glancing uneasily from tho
flushed face of her daughter to tho
firm, clear-cut fentures of tho young
clergyman. "Hurry, dearie, and brush
your bnlr," whispered Mrs. Went
worth, while she. excusing herself to
her guest, went out to attend to Iheir
When Edith canio Into the room
again In n dainty white 'muslin, her
cheeks flushed, her eyes bright, sho
found Mr. Strong alone In the room.
"You aro not sorry that I bogged
your mother to Invito mo to stay to
tea, .irn you. Miss Edith?" ho asked
gaily, and yet a little wistfully.
"Oh! that's why 'moiuslo' has com
pany. 1 wish now, that 1 had asked
Dick In; for three mako such an awk
ward number. Four Is bettor."
"I beg your pardon. Miss Went
worth. I think Dick Hnsklns would
lie decidedly In the way to-night. I
stnyed that I might talk with you for
,i few minutes alter tea," and tho set
jaw boded no good to Edith's coquet
ries or to Dick Ilaskln's suit.
'Indeed! Mr. Strong. I have an en
gagement after tea. 1 beg to bo ex
"Pardon me, again. Miss Went
worth, If I seem to bo obtrusive, tint
I must sec you, It only for ton min
utes." Heforo Edith could answer, Mrs.
Wentworth announced that tea was
awaiting them ou the shaded veran
da. All through tea-that "must" rank
led In the girl's mluil. -XUe steady,
compelling gaze of tho gray eyes
across tho table confused her. An un
easy fooling caino over her as she
mcntnlly contrasted Dick's easy good
nature and weal; will with Mr.
Strong's firmness pf character.
Dick Hasklns, Edith had known
"Where, ohl where Is the good
from childhood, though only recently
had sho considered him lu tho light
of i' lover. Since Mr. Strong's ap
pearance, tho two men had shown her
equal attentions. Whether from per
versity or from prefcrenco, Edith had
seemed to favor Dick, but Mr. Strong
had never glvon up hope thnt ho
should win In t.io end.
Just as thoy Onlshod toa, a merry
whistle sounded nlong tho street and
& YTiv iduMi :ir- iet.. A's 'miam
wmxMmsg& M ovv.
WSreS8&"&'',7ifc ii-ViMi. !ilHB'v''Si:CtS5V'
PMaW mmrr lwSbte
mm 7 i
.intiort I'uMUUng Company
up tho walk, announcing thnt Dick
himself had arrived. "Edith turned
townrd Elijah Strong with uu eager
smile. She wished to hum again for
his .discomfiture: "Where, oh! where
is the good Elijah." and only her
mother's presence hindered her. Mr.
Strong, however, had a faithfully ally
in Mrs. Wentworth, who, although
"Are you engaged to Dick Hastings?"
he Interrupted, harshly,
fond or Dick, did not trust him. In her
'friend and pastor she hud Implicit
faith. Noting bis look of grim despair
and Edith's glance or triumph, sho
turned to Dick with ready wit: "Oh,
Dick, It Is early to go far your boat
ride; won't you come Ivo u1H gurdon
and holp me a few moments?"
Dick; looked toward Edith and his
rival hesitatingly, but he could not re
fuse. As they passed out. Into the gar
den. Edith rose, saying: "Pray, ex
cuse mo. Mr. Strong: but I think my
mother needs me, too," sho stepped
lightly around the table. As sho
passed his chair, ho fixed his eyes on
her face and held out his hand im
pulsively. "Edith." he said hoarsely. 'Jwliy do
you torture mo so?" Then, drawing
Jilnirielf erect, hcudded: "Hut to
night you shall liua me. If you pre
fer to listen In company with Dick
Hasklns and your mother, you mny go
to tho garden."
Edith saw that ho was In earnest
ami angry; yet, fascinated by tho
strango attraction which this mnn pos
BOssod for her, she seated herself and
turned toward htm, thrilling under his
"Can't you see how I love you,
Edith? Havo you no heart that you
can piny with mo as you have, and
still smllo at my agony?" and, in his
passlonnto anger, ho seized her wrist
The girl's smllo was gone Imme
diately and a look of minglod fear
and remorse took Its place. As sho
gave a If ttlo gasp of pain, ho released
her wrist hastily.
"Forgive ho, Edith. I havo hurt
you. 1 would tllo to save you pain,"
and tho young mun stood humbled nml
pcnltont heforo tho girl,, whoso eyes
were filled with tears, yet who gazed
defiantly at him.
"You havo no right to speak so. I
havo not played with you. I never
meant to pain you. You ljnow that
"Aro you engaged to Dick Has
klns?" he interrupted harshly.
"What right have you to ask?" sho
"The right or a man who loves you
and who will bo answered."
"No, I am not engaged, but "
"Then I havo tho right that any
good man has to offer you my lovo.
Edith, I cau mako you happy. 1 know
I cnn. You lovo me, Edith, I fool it,
though you will not acknowledge It.
What right has Dick Hasklns to play
fast and loose with you and never
ask your hand In marrlugo?" The
question had so much truth In its
taunt that Edith flinched, cut to tho
quick. Hut sho lifted her head proud
ly. "How daro you insult me so?" sho
cried angrily. "How daro you?"
"It is ho who is insulting you. Oh!
o 4& l
Edith," his voice taking a tono of int
finite tenderness, "listen to my plendi
lug. Listen to your own heart, dear.
Does It not tell jou that you may
trust me? You havo scorned me, bull
In your heart of hearts you love me.'j
The girl stood up with a quick llttlo
gasp, which ho took for dissent, and,
he added hastily, seizing her bauds,
"Look mo lu tho eyes and tell tm
that you have no lovo for mo In yourj
heart, and you will never see niq
again, t am leaving in tho morning.
If you desire It, I will never return." .
Edith Hiked at him a moment with
a startled gaze, then, dropping Into a
chair, sho laid her head on thu table.'
Tho man looked down at tho howoij
head. Then, moved by n BUdden im
pulse, ho pressed his lips on her wav
ing hair ami her while neck. Tho
touch of his lips uccoiupllshed what
his word: could not; for, us sho lift
ed her head, her eyes shono with n
look which seemed to open tho gates
or Paradise for him. With nn inarticu
late cry he clasped her lu his nriiu
Just as footsteps sounded ou tho wull
Dick Hasklns "'looked ruefully nl
Edith's Hushed face, but ho sab)
gaily, "Now, Edith wo'll go, If Mr.
Strong will excuse us."
Strong started forward, hut befoto
he could speak, Edith laid her band
ou his arm, as sho said, "Will you e.v
cuso me to-night, Dick? Mr. Strom;
Is leaving In tho morning, mid "
"And ns 1 am to bu her husband
Dick, I naturally want her to mysell
this ovenlng," Mr. Strong Interposed
Dick though surprised and cling
lined, was no coward. Hiding his owe
emotion ns best -ho could, ho con
gratulated Mr, Strong and Edith heart
lly, and speedily left tho room.
Mrs. Wentworth was very happy aj
sho kissed her daughter and gave hoi
blind to Mr. Strong.
"'Where, oh! where Is tho good
Elljnh,' now?" sho said playfully.
" 'Sufo In tho promised land, " an
swered Elijah quickly, us he turned
laughingly toward Edith.
DANGEROUS PIECE OF SURGERY.
Abscess In Mouth of Cobra Success
A remarkable rent of snnke surgorj
took placo recently In tho New York
Zoological Park under Curntor 1)1 1
mars. Nalglna, u splendid 10-foot
King cobra hail developed an abscess
next to one of her poison fangs, nml
unless this was removed sho would
die. To enpturd the dangerous reptile
to forco her Jaws apart and to cut
tho abscess, was tho problem.
The curator had a plan and he
called for tin oxlrn fat snako pill.
When the stuffed Biiako nppearcd II
was distended to tho bursting point
In moro than a month tho cobra had
not touched rood. .Mr. Dltmnra sum
moned live keepers, armed hlmscll
with a mirgcuh'H pinchers and pro
ceeded to thotattack. Through n cir
cular aperture, protected with a slide,
tho snako pill was threaded. The
hungry snake took- hold of It nt onco.
Frequently she stopped, In evident
pain, but each time sho resumed until
the long black thing was half way
down her throat.
This was tho moment to uet. The
door was tlyiwn open and before the
cobra could disgorge herself to light,
sho was selzetl by the head and throat,
while other lininlH grasped her body
and tall. Then tho mouth wns forcod
wide apart while the pincers dld.theJi
vorlc, and tho finest specimen of cobfc
in captivity was'thus saved to tho 'col
lection. MR. WHISTLER WAS INSULTED.
Offer of Ten Pounds for a Picture
Aroused His Wrath.
Tho studios in and around London
at just now filled with gossip nboui
tho late distinguished artist, James
McNeil Whistler. One is told of a
female model to whom Mr. Whistler
owed some 15 shillings for sittings.
She was a Hilllstlno ot the Philis
tines, who know nothing of her pa
tron's fa m n and wns lu no way Im
pressed with his work. One day b1ic
told another artist that sho had been
sitting to a little Frenchman called
Whistler, who Jumped about hls'studlo
and was always complaining that peo
ple were swindling him and that ho
was making very llttlo money. Tho
artist suggested that if sho could get
any piece or painting out or Whistler's
studio ho would glvo her 10 for it.
Although skeptical, tho model decided
to tell her 'llttlo Frenchman" or this
too generous offer and selected ono of
tho biggest and flnost works In the
studio. "What did ho say?" asked tho
artist who bad made tho offer when
tho model appeared hi n state or great
excltcmont, and, looking almost as
ir she bad come second best out of n
scrimmage. "Ho said AMO good
heavens tllO!' and ho got so mad
well, that'H how I camo in hero llko
The Differences In Races.
Tho luto R. H. Stoddard was fond
of contrasting tho English and tho
French worklngman, to tho great ad
vantage of tho former. Ono of his
comparisons deal with tho death of
"A short tlmo after Dickens died,"
ho would say, "a frlond of mine visited
tho scene of his last hours, and, lu
search of Dlckenslana, stopped in a
neighboring Inn. Ho spoko ot tho
novelist's domlso to tho waiter. 'A
great loss.' ho said.
"'A great loss indeed to us, sir,'
tho waiter agreed. 'Ho had all his
alo sent from this house.'
"Contrast with that," Mr. Stoddard
would exclaim, "tho answer of a
waiter to whom, on tho afternoon ot
Mlrabcaii's death, a guest said, 'A flua
"'Yes,' the waiter answered, lt li
a fine day, but Mlrabeau is dead.'"
' Y Vv - f Y
Alfalfa as Horse Feed.
The alfnira crop Is of great Import
unco lu many regltriiB of the United
States and Is depended upon as a
standard feed for farm animals. Nev
ertheless, the statement Is often mado
that It Is not a good feed for horsoB,
though excellent ror other rami anl
mills. Tho Utah Station belloves that
It Is al.o suited tor horses and reports
a number or experiments by I,. A.
Merrill which bear out this belief and
supplement tho expcrlonco gained In
using alfalfa an the prlnclpnl coarse
fodder of the station horses for a num.
her of years.
In the ilrst test, which begnn Janu
ary III, lS'l'.i, rour or the stntlon tarrm
work horses were fed on a ration con
sisting or ten pounds of bran and
shorts and 1!.". pounds of hay, two be
ing given alfalfa buy and two timothy.
Tho average cost or the nKaira ration
was !l.'t cents per day and tho timothy
ration lLMt cents. During tho ninety
live days or the Ilrst period of tho test
the horses red timothy lost 12-1 pounds,
those fed nlfairu 1 potuulB. Tho rn-J
(Ions were then reversed for fifty-six
days. During tbls tlmo the horses
fed alfalfa hay gained 7fi pounds, those
fed timothy hay lost 0 iwiinds.
Tho second test begun November!!!)
and the experimental conditions wero
practically the saino ns before, except
that the grain rntlon wns larger aver
aging a llttlo over 12 pounds por head
dally. In nlnctyono days tho two
horses red the airaKa ration gained (55
pounds, white thoso fed tho timothy
liny lost H p6unds. Tho two rations
cost 11 and ill cents por head por day,
respectively. For a porlod or sixty
eight days tho rations were reversed,
the grain ration bolug Increased' to
Bomo IT. pounds por head jcr dny. On
aUaUa hay there was a total gain' or
Cli pounds and on timothy hay a loss or
The rations woro also tested for
thlrty-nlno dnys with two driving
horses used for light work. In addi
tion to somo 12 pounds of grain por
day, ono horao ate 8.3 pounds timothy
hay, tho other 1G pounds or nltaira hay
on an average. On tho rormcr ration
there was a loss ot CO pounds and .on
tho latter a gain of 10 pounds, tho cost
or tho two rations being 9.5 contB nnd
8.7 Cents rCSnoctiVClv. Dnnnrtmnnr n
gricultiiro Report, Bulletin 102. "
1 .. 'eZ
1 r Wi. f-",n i 1 a
' Nevada Sheep-Herders.
The Bjiecp aro divided Into bands
or from 2,000 to .1,000 In a band, each
band, usually being cared for by two
men, ono tho border tho other tho
cook and camp-tender, sayB a roport
of the Novada station. Tho former
has chargo or tho sheep whilo graz
ing, and usually Bleeps whorovorrtho
sheep cump down for tho night, lteop
Ing u closo wntch on them and return
ing to tho cook's camp only for .his
meals. Tho latter, tho camp-tendor,
has chargo or tho cooking and tho
moving ot the camp, which tultos placo' '
usually about every thr'eo days. Whero
a laigo number or bnndB nro owned
by ono man, ho usually hires one1 or
two roromen, who superintend tho ' .
work nt tho tlmo of dipping and shear
ing, nnd who go ahead on "orsoback
during tho Biimmcr, finding out ,tlm,
condition ot tho runges and directing
the sheep-hcrdcrB as to whoro their1
boundary lines Ho and tho routes they
wish them to tnko.
Tho clasB ot men which wero In de
mand ror herding tho sheep wenj
known as Hasques or "Baacos." They
como from tho Pyronneos Mountains
and are designated French or Spanish,
Basques, according to tho Bldo of tht
mountains in which they lived. ThojJ
naturally tako to tho lire or solitude
as they and tholr ancestors havo been
employed In a similar occupation lr,
tho Pyrcnncea Mountains for nlan:i
yenrB past. Tho wages paid themr'u
from 20 to $10 a month, with board.
Their savings nro often spent In ii
trip to their homes In Europo, wheni
thoy live a llfo of easo for ono or twi
years and then" return to America in
herd sheep again. Italians, Americans1
nnd other nationalities aro sometimes
employed, but thoy aro raroly as con
tented and successful as tho Basque..
To Prevent Blackleg.
A roport of tho Missouri Stato
Bourd of Agriculture says: Tho most1
Important thing in, connection with,
tho prevention of blackleg Is to bum
tho carcasses of tho calves that dio
of tho disease. If this is dono, tho,
possibility of tho distribution of tho
germs from such carcasses is absolute
ly prevented. Burying tho carcassos
deeply Is recommended whoro It is
llUDOPKlllln tO frnt- fltlll in hum !,.
If cnttlomon will mako a practice of
miming mo, carcassos ot all animals
that dlo of contagious diseases it will
do a groat amount of good toward
eradicating tho dlBoaso3. Tho next
Important step by way of prevention
ot blacklog 'Is to vaccinate all suscop-i
tlblo cattle) "Vacclno for tho preven
tion of blackleg has glvon tho greatest
satisfaction wherovcr It has been
used. It cannot bo too highly rocom-'
mended and its use Is novcr neglected
by progressive cattlemen. As a jrulo
cattlo botween six and .eighteen
months of ago aro tho onos that die of
blackleg, yot tho disease la vory com-!
mon in younger cattlo. It soldoc
occurs in cattlo over two years old.
Tho Book of Corn says; A moat
remarkable proof of tho antiquity of
corn has been discovered by Darwin.,
Ho found oars of Indian corn and,'
eighteen species of sbolls of our'
opoch buriod In tho soil ot tho ahore
In Peru, now at least elghty-flvo te
auovo tho level of the sea.
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