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About The Red Cloud chief. (Red Cloud, Webster Co., Neb.) 1873-1923 | View Entire Issue (Jan. 10, 1902)
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Red Cloud Chief.
That submarine boat nets very much
Hko a SpanlBh cruiser.
Edward's crown will havo 3,000 Jow
oIb. Half that number of halrB would
HUlt him bettor.
Argentina will apparently swallow a
mifllclent does of that Chile sauce to
bco what It tnstcis like.
Lord Kitchener is sensitive about
his namo. A kitchener by any other
would smell as sweet to Botha.
Minneapolis Times: Tho Filipinos
nro a pretty bud lot, but give tho
school teacher a llttlo more tlmo.
Thero Isn't any doubt that drover
Cleveland's gout will dlseourngo
Mrould-ho presidents from Browing
Schley has declined an ofrer to lec
ture. Whethor tho verdict wob Just
or not, ho will now bo dearer to the
American people thnn over.
A serum for tetnnus has been dls
rovered, It Is said. In romo cases It
ought to ho adidlnlstered ulong with
tho antitoxin for diphtheria.
Commissioner Kockhlll finds that
tho United States asked nothing of
China except what was clearly in
scribed on its laundry ticket.
Mr. Kipling Is on his woy to South
Africa and Richard Harding Davis Is
on his way to South America. South
ward tho stars of literature take their
Tho public Is earnestly longing for
tho day to como when tho terrible
shrinkage in tho price of copper will
strlko a responsive thrill In hard
In case any neutral power desires
to uso tho Nicaragua canal whllo wo
are at war with another power nil thnt
it will have to do will bo to apply to
us for our consent.
Detroit Trlbuno: And any nation
which objects to tho kind of neutrality
Undo Sam will maintain nlong hts
cnnal will bo at liberty to introduce
another brnnd If it can.
Away down into old Missouri an
Oshkosh philosopher chased the pur
lolner of his better half. Ho wanted
to congratulate him in person. This
is glorified common sense.
These are prosperous times "down
in Maine," tho farmers and truck gar
deners of that state being enabled by
tho shortage in tho West to command
practically their own prices for all
Tho Spnnlsh newspaper organ in
Mexico pronounces tho Roosevelt mes
sage to be full of altruism, optimism
nnd emhrosls. This will necessitate
u rereading by those who want to And
The Appellate DIvIbIou of the Now
York Supremo Court has established
tho important fact that there Is a
point beyond which speculators cannot
go in a conspiracy to reduce tho sell
ing price of securities without ren
dering themselves llablo to tho peni
tentiary. Ex-Congressman Thomas B. Reed, in
a spofcch at tho St. Nicholas society's
banquet In Now York, asked his hear
ers to "honor that handful of .Dutch
men who nro holding nt bay tho war
'rlors of tho proudest nation of the
modern world." This is the nearest
to an expression of opinion on tho
Voer war that Mr. Reed has ever
When the Salvation Army gets hold
of a drifting brother or Bister It calls
them by these names, and means It,
nd hustles around to got them a Job.
' pinions will differ about the pleasure
Vif being drummed Into paradise, but
M this big-hearted. Intrepid organisa
tion isn't doing n great Bharo ol
Christ's work tho world has strangely
misread the Master's teachings.
Tho condition of affairs In Liberal
circles In England Beems to havo Im
proved very sensibly Blnco Lord Roso
bery's Chesterfield speech: There nre
indications now that tho factions
may bo brought together under the
noblo Lord's leadership on some kind
of a platform having to do with the
Boer war. Public sentiment In -England,
while almost unanimously In
favor of prosecuting tho war to the
bitter end, Is now supposed to have
undergone some change. Multitudes
of Englishmen uro eager for a cessa
tion of hostilities, and thero Is some
possibility In tho opinion of good
Judges, that a reorganized Liberal
party may be formed around this cen
If tho most powerful and enlightened
nations nro not willing to trust thorn
selves unconditionally to an arbitra
tion court wo can hardly expect weal
and comparatively uuprogresslvo statet
to do so. Jealously and apprehension
aro to bo looked for quite as naturallj
among tho feeblo nnd Inefficient at
among tho strong and resourceful.
A 32-year-old hoy, appointed as page
in tho Virginia legislature, has re
turned homo, declaring that he
"wouldn't, keep such company for ?G0
a month," What Is his price ?
Wyoming Shoriff Killed by Out
laws. DESPERADOES ROB THE DEAD BODY
Freight. Collision m (leorcli-Knnnrtu
Farmer Hhont 11 V.'mn ui Kmitut-k-
la'n AMii'Rliinlnl llriiUciiuin
Mil- of Injur'?.
A posse of mounted nnd and rrclt
nrincd men left Casper, Wyo., to cap
ture or Idll the four outlaws that mur
dered Sheriff William Welter of Na
troina county, nt (Inrlleld park. The
ruimilntf of the dead olllcer aro being
taken to his home nt Casper. He was
past middle ngo mid one of the old
timers, as well as one of the best known
cltl. ens In Centrnl Wyoming.
Tho names of tho outlaws are: Clar
ence Woodward, aged twenty-two;
Charles Woodwnrd, aged thirty; F. S.
Foote, aged twenty-four; .lelV Frank
lin, ngek thirty-four.
They were confined In the county
jail awaiting trinl for eattlo stealing.
With tho assistance of friends on the
outside the four men sawed their way
out of jail. Once on the outside, they
were given horses and made their es
cape to tho ranch of the Woodward
Bros., nt (iarllold Park sixty-live miles
west of Casper, nnd not far from tho
notorious llole-in-the-Wall country.
Sheriff Welter and two deputies' todk
up the trail and reached the Woodward
plnce. The outlaws were located in
the barn, and as Sheriff Bicker ad
vanced and ordered them to surrender
they opened fire. The olllcer fell mor
tally wounded and for twenty minutes
the battle waged fiercely, the two dep
uties taking refuge behind some rock.
At the end of that time Sheriff Bicker
called out that he wns dying and asked
to be moved from the. range of the Hy
The outlaws refused to grant a truce
nnd continued firing every time a
deputy showed his head. As the horses
of tho otlicers had been s'.unpeded at
tho first lire, one deputy was compelled
to walk buck to a ranch and see uro a
horse, upon which ho went to Casper
nnd organized another posse.
COLLISION AT SEA
One VeMel Mink nnd the Other Dlap
irurn lei tlm (llooni.
The collision nt sea between the
steamship Wnlhi Walla and an un
known sailing vessel resorted In the
sinking of the steamship and the prob
able loss of at least twenty lives. The
Walla Walla, owned by the Pacific
Const Steamship company, sailed from
Snn Francisco .Innuary 1 for Puget
Sound ports. She carried thirty-six
ilrst-class passengers, twenty-eight
Hecond class and a crew of eighty men.
When off Cape Mendocino, on tho Cali
fornia coast, an iron bark, believed to
be French, loomed up in the haze and
crashed into tins Walla Walla's bow.
Then the sailing vessel slid off into
tho darkness nnd was seen no more.
All the passengers nnd erew of the
Walla, except tho few on watch, weru
asleep, but were aroused by the crash.
Tho steerage quarters were in the 1tow
nnd it is believed thnt some, of tho
steerage passengers and erew were
crushed to death. A big hole wns
made in the steamer's bow nnd she
sank in thirty-live minutes. The olli
ecrs anil crew maintained strict dis
cipline and boats and life rafts were
Advices say thnt the list of dead and
missing in thefounderingof the steam
er Walla Walla has reached forty-one.
Of these vlght are known to have died.
The remaining thirty-three are prob
ably adrift on the ocean in two life
boats and a raft.
Unntiln to Survive Shock.
Leonard Ferguson, the Elkhorti
brakomnn who lost his right leg in an
accident nt Arlington died. Ills con
dition wns very serious and he became
gradually weaked until tho end. The
funeral will lc held at the First Chris
tian church. Kev. Frauk Emerson
Janes will havo charge of the service
at the church, nnd the ceremonies at
the gravu will be conducted by tho lo
cal lodge of the brotherhood of rail
way trainmen, of which Ferguson was
a member. The deceased carried sev
eral thousand dollars Insiuance, which
will go to his relatives.
Shoots Wnmnto Fittnlly.
Near Shawnee. Kas.. a villaire tin
miles west of Kansas City,' Carl Fish
ncr, u farmer, shot and probably fatal
ly wounded Mrs. Mary L. Wallace In
the presence of her husband, .1. H.
Wallace and their two small children.
The Wallaces were traveling overland
in a covered wagon from Rich Kill to
Cutter county, Nebraska. They had
camped near Fishner's farm and lie had
ncoused them of stealing corn frjnn his
crlbs. The shot that struck Mrs. Wal
lace was intended for her husband.
Flshucr escaped, but was arrested.
III n quarrel over his child, Leonard
Shelgren of Cherokee wnskllled by the
blow of a fist delivered by Frank II.
Ferguson a. Sioux City, la. Fergu
son, who gave himself up to the police,
claims lie struck Shelgren in self de
fenso. Ferguson enmo to Sioux City
Farmer Coniniltn Suicide,
Because his long-cherished plan of
purchasing another farm fell through
John A. Johnson, a wealthy farmer,
committed suicide by hanging at Char
TO EXPEL FOREIGNERS
Chlnme Making Preparation for Wnron
n Large Hrnlo.
Charles F. (irainmon, superintendent
of colporteurs for the American Bible
society in northern China, writes the
society concerning the present sltim
tlou In the Chinese empire as follows:
"While nt Shanghai I observed that
tho ChlucM' government was openly
violating I he provisions of the proto
col. The great empire would shako
off European domination. Thousands
of boatloads of small arms nnd ammu
nition were passing weekly up the
Yang Tse Klnng and the ursennls Were
being enlarged nnd worked day and
night. C goes of explosives were be
ing received and the dowager empress
had Issued instructions to recruit the
army nnd also to inform her as to the
lighting strength of each division and
tho time required to concentrate the
forces nt u given point. There were
nnd nre ninny unpromising features
which weighed heavily upon tho minds
of those interested.
"I must, lwlleve that tho end Is not
yet and that within ten years, and
possibly within five, a war will ensue
the like u which the world has never
known. For centuries China has been
making repented uttempts to expel the
foreigner, each time profiting by past
experience, each time with more power
and success, each time better equipped
and better planned. It Is now pre
paring as never before, buying vast
quantities of superior weapons, and
reorganizing its armies on a correct
basis. Therefore, the next attempt
will be In force and terrible in execu
tion. It will result In a universal up
heaval and tin; final dismemberment of
this empire at a terrible cost.
No Triico uf Mental DIeao Foamt In
An exhaustive report on tho trial,
cxecmtlon, autopsy and mental status
of C.olgosz, tho assasln of President
McKinley, Is given in the New York
Medical Journal. The report embodies
the result of much careful Investiga
tion by Dr. Carlos MneDouald and Ed
ward A. Spitzkn.
The question which these investiga
tors set themselves to answer was:
When Czolgos. shot the president did
lie know the nature nnd quality of the
act ho was doing and that tho act wns
wrong? This was from a legal stand
point. From the standpoint of medical
science the question that framed itself
was: Was Czolgosz at the time he
committed the net a victim of mental
disease or mental unsoundncrsV
1 he reply to these questions, which
embodies the entiro history of, the case
from the trial of the criminal to his
execution and the disposal of his re
mains, takes up nearly twelve pages,
and, divested of all technicalities, is to
the effect that Czolgosz was sane and
responsible under the law and punish
able for the offense, although every
thing in liis history, according to the
medical experts, pointed to the exist
ence In him of the social disease, an
archy, of which lie wns a victim.
Dr. MacDonald concludes his report
with the declaration thai Czolgosz
when he assassinated President McMln
ley was in all respects n sane man
both legally nnd medically and fully
responsible for his net.
Mr. Spitzkn, who made the autopsy,
concludes his report as follows:
"There lias been found absolutely no
condition of a ny of the viscera that
could have been at the bottom of any
mental derangement. Taking all in
all, the verdict- must be 'socially dis
eased and perverted, but not mentally
AGREEMENT TO ARBITRATE
rrintltltti Attached In n WnRo DUuuto at
One of the most original experiments
in the settlement of wage disputes be
tween capital and labor will be made
in Brooklyn by an arbitration com
mittee of five men. If either party re
fuses to abide by the committee's de
cision it will lose $10,000, already put
up as a forfeit. Tho firm that is hav
ing the dispute with its employes is
Wichart & Gardiner, shoe manufactur
ers, in east New York. In one de
partment seventy men and women aro
affected by a newly patented method
of malting lasts, ami the employes de
mand an increase of 1 cent a pair. This
the firm has refused nnd both sides
have fallen back on an unique arrange
ment. Under the agreement the w.ork
lugmeii wero.to name two members of
an arbitration committee, the firm ,to
name two others, and these four to se
lect the fifth. Both sides made heavy
deposits, agreeing to forfeit the Biime
in event of a failure to submit to tho
Pleas Hall was shot and nt his homo
five miles from Franklin, ICy., whilo
sitting around his hearthstone with
his wife nnd four children. He 'wns
fired upon through a window.' Tho
distressed wife and children placed the
lifeless body on a bed and remained
alone with it throughout the night be
ing afraid to venture out to give nu
alarm. There. Is no clue to the perp
trator of the deed.
llolil Up lly M inked Men.
Word comes from Hoodlum!, I. T.,
that tho United States mall coach wan
held up by three masked men between
Ooodland nnd Florevllle and the mall
pouch robbed of Us contents. Postal
Inspectors have been detailed to hunt '
down the robbers.
Killed In Collision.
Two negroes nnd an Indlnn were
killed iu a collision of an eastbound
freight with an extra train between
Earlboro and Melt usltey, OklaJ Both
engines were wrecked and eight cars
ONE RESCUED ALIVE
Accident In a Michigan Mino in
Which Many Lives aro Lost.
TONS OF ORE EALL UPON THE MEN
Hold Work of Hunk Uohlx-rfl nt Knut
St. I.oitl Nloili City Jinn Suicides
Grand Inlitml linn n Nmnll Ulnae
Other Interesting New.
The most distressing accident thnt
has occurred in this country for years
took (place at the. Negaunce, Mich.,
mine, by which thirteen to seventeen
miners are thought to have lost their
lives. Tho accident was the result of
a cave-In at the bottom of the old shaft
and had It occurred half an hour soon
crir.O men would have been killed.
A survivor tells tho story: "Wo
wore sitting around the pump .-it the
bottom of tho shaft,, when, without
warning, thousands of tons of ore came
down. I remembered nothing more
until I heard the sound of picks and
shovels in tho hands of rescuers and
their shouts. I was in total darkness
and my feelings cannot bo described.
What seemed ages to me were but
minutes. When rescuers found me I
was sevcnty-flvo feet from tho place
where I was sitting, and found myself
in a drift. How I got there is a mys
tery, but can only bo accounted for by
the concussion of the wind."
The Negaunce mine Is one of the
most unlucky properties in the Lake
Superior district. Much trouble hns
resulted from sinking nnd drifting
from surplus water and quick sand.
It was at this mine thnt 81,000,000
was recently expended to sink a shaft
to the ledge.
TROOPS FROM CUBA.
Gradual Withdrawal of Force Now on
Acting in accordance with a recom
mendation made from Uenprai Wood,
military governor ot Cuba, Secretary
Boot, huSj directed that the Third
squadron of the High th cavalry, com
prising the entire garrison nt Puerto
Principe, be brought to the United
States at the first favorablu opportuni
ty. It is admitted that, this is practi
cally the beginning of the general
withdrawal of United States troops iu
Cuba, preparatory to the transfer of
control of affairs to the civil govern
ment to be installed during the coming
summer. So far as known there will
be no further withdrawals of troops,
however, until final arrangements are
made for the formal transfer of the
government to the newly elected olll
clals of Cubn.
Fire at Grand Inland.
At flrand Island, Nob., Otto Mattke,
a clerk, who had been assisting in in
voicing, was-on liis way home, and
discovered fire coming from the store
room of the Crawl Island brewery. He
at once turned in an alarm and aroused
the neighboring families, including
some of the members of the brewing
company. The hose company was
promptly on hand and at one time had
it nearly under control, hut the llnmes
seemed to havo made headway into
other portions of the plant, the ad
joining ice house and part of the
brewery plant and before the company
could quench the flames and other com
panies arrived the ice house was
aflame. Tho latter part of the brewery
plant and the store house were de
stroyed.' The main building was saved
tho firemen securing control over tho
fhmes before the main building was
Crackimuii Get 85,001).
Six masked men entered the Nation
al Stock Yards bank, north of Fast St.
Louis, 111., and after capturing and
KKfcVg tho two night watchmen and
fireman at the steam plant and blow
ing open the vaults with dynamite, so
cured S.'i,000 iu coin and currency, with
which they decamped. For nine hours
from 7 o'clock until 4 a. m.. they were
at work on tho vaults without being
interfered with. The entire Fast St.
Louis police force, aided by St. Louis
police, are guarding all the avenues of
escape. b,ut aw yet havu obtained no
elue of the whereabouts of tho robbers,
who, It is believed, escaped on,harse-
Quick Action Prevent it Wreck.
Svyanton, Md., was the scene of an
attempted holdup on the Haiti more ,fc
Ohio. The operator, M. J. Sarsfleltl,
says that five men came into his olllcc
and offered him candy. Suddenly he
wns knocked iuscnslble by them with
a padded club. Tho men turned a
switch, running the train into n derail
ing switch. Thi) quick application of
air prevented tho train from being
ditched. The armed express officers on
the train made such a demonstration
that the men fled into tho mountains.
Shots were exchanged nnd an armed
posse is reported to be in pursuit of
Illinois KarreMfully Docked.
The oflicial test of tho new govern
ment dock at Now Orleans was made
in tho presence of the board of exam
iners. Tho battleship Illinois entered
nnd was successfully docked. The Ill
inois was drawing twenty-four feet of
water when she entered, The battle
ship has a displacement of 11, .105 tons.
The docks nominal lifting capacity is
15,000 tons, but it can, If necessary,
lift 18,000 tons. Tiie tlmo consumed
in lifting her was one hour and fifty
seven minutes. The contract time is
two hours and forty minutes.
Rorotnry Long r.xplnlu Itclntlvc Claim
of Knmpsuu nnd Srhley.
Secretary Long has written a letter
defending the nnvy department ngnlnst
what Is declared to be unfriendly criti
cism in connection with the distribu
tion of prize money and bounty.
The secretary declares that the criti
cism that the'seeretnry hns discrimin
ated In favor of Admiral Sampson and
ngnlnst Admiral Schley in the distri
bution of yrlze money nnd bounty is
unjust, because the department lias no
control over the matter, the money be
ing distributed from the treasury nnd
nil questions of law and fact relative
to prize and bounty having been de
termined by the courts.
Tho secretary calls attention to tho
laws covering prize and bounty us they
existed In the beginning of the Spanish
war. and says that, though advised by
the attorney general thnt it might
make a distribution, the nnvy depart
ment preferred to plnce the mutter In
In tho court of claims, and so fnr from
displaying favoritism, adopted the
most effectlvo means iu its power to
secure a just determination by courts
of Inw of the rights of all concerned.
Touching thcelaim of Admiral Samp
son for bounty at Santiago, the secre
tary says the distribution was made
under a decree of the court of claims,
whlcli he cites, and from which no ap
peal was taken. Ho further points
that under the prize law the commander-in-chief
of the fleet is entitled to
his "one-twentieth" of bounty by vir
tue of liis position us oominander-in-clilef
whether lie is personally present
during the engagement or not. Says
"As commnnder-ln-chlef, Admiral
Sampson would, therefore, under the
law have been entitled to his share of
the iKiunty for the destruction of the
Spanish ships at Santiago if Be had
been on the north shore of Cuba at
the time. This was the law, for which
the navy department was iu no wise
SECOND TRIAL OF RUSSELL
Man One Convicted or Murder Ha An
The trial of Charles Russell of Sioux
county for the alleged murder of A. L.
Stadenmler in June, 1000, was begun at
Chadrou January 0, Judge Wcstoveron
the bench. Bussell wns tried about
fifteen months ago and sentenced to
ninety-nine years iu the state peniten
tiary, wliieh sentence he lias been serv
ing until a short time ago, wheii he
was brought to tlilscountyon a change
of venue, a new trial having been
granted by the supreme court.
The crime with which Bussell is
charged is one of the most dastardly
ever committed in this section of the
cattle country. Stadenmier's horse
wns found running loose by a neigh-,
hor, Bd Basher, and a search being
made the man was found lying dead on
the range, with fourteen bullet holer,
in him. The peculiar mold of the bul
lets aud the track of a horso with a
broken hoof are things which will
figure largely in the evidence.
Wrec-k of u Soldier Train.
A Bock Island special bearing 300
recruits hound for the Philippines from
Columbus barracks, Ohio, was partially
wrecked at Chicago.
The passengers were merely jolted,
although a tourist car, containing fif
ty soldiers, lost its rear truck and was
dragged half a block before the engine
stopped. The ear was badly damaged.
A sleeper occupied by eight officers
and the wife of one of them was thrown
to an adjacent track, but maintained
its upright position. After several
hours' delay the train was remade and
the journey continued.
Kill I'iiIko l.ucly t.ovn.
Henry Clements, aged nineteen, shot
and Instantly killed Mrs. Fdward Davis
at her home in Knox, hid. Clements,
then turned the weapon upon him
self and sent a bullet crashing into his
own brain, producing a fatal wound,
though Clements still lives. Jealousy
Is responsible for the tragedy. Clements
aud Mrs. Davis were engaged to be
married, but a week ago his sweet
heart married Davis. The shooting
occurred in the presence of Mrs. Davis'
husband and her mother. Clements
called her outside tile house and after
a short conversation tired the fatal
Accrued of Infanticide.
Mary vnd Both Putnam, unmarried
daughters of Ebon Putnam, a fnrraer
living just across the line in Illinois
from Vincenlns, ind., were arrested
charged with the mnrder of twin ba
bies, born to Mary Putnam December
','1. The babes disappeared Christmas
day and the authorities searched the
premises and found the little bodies
burled iu a pasteboard box In the or
chard. Die of Heir-lnlllcted Injiirle.
David B. Nutting of Sioux City, la.,
who cut his throat and stabbed him
self and set fire to his bed at the Par
ker hotel In Minneapolis, Minn., died
at the city hospital. Despondency is
supposed to havo been the reason for
the act. Alxjut four months ago ho
came from Sioux City. He is survived
by a daughter of fourteen, who lives
with relatives at Woodvllle, N. II.
Ild laved to he Train Ittitiuer.
(lus Hodges and D. Keppler, two Clif
ton, Ariz., otlicers, arrested a man at
Morencl who Is believed to bo Harvey
Logan, the alleged Montana train rob
ber. The prisoner was taken to Solo
mouville jail. San Francisco otlicers
have been asked to come to Arizona
and identify the prisoner.
Died of ApopliMy.
A. W. Wilkinson of Grand Rapids,
Mich., the musical director of a bur
lesquh company, died of apoplexy at a
hospital In that city.
SUNDAY IN OLD VIRGINIA.
The Day Mm Observed n 'Strictly as In
Thero Is tin Idea prevalent that the
ptrlct observance of the Sabbath was
almost wholly confined to tho North.
Nothing could be moro erroneous.
"Tho Blue Uws" of Connecticut, sur
viving ns a proverb for hardness, have
Impressed the popular mind nnd fixed
an Idea which was, however, not ab
solutely accurate. As sevcro as those
enactments wore, they wcro scarcely
more rigorous, whenever tho observ
ance of Sunday wns concerned, than
thoso under which the colony of Vir
ginia was established and developed.
Attendance on divine servico was ns
strictly enforced, and abstinence from
all secular employment ns rigidly en
joined. It was a church-going time.
Hcllglon engrossed ino energies of tho
people. Participation In worship wns
tho law nnd whoever failed in It wn
a lawbreaker and wan dealt with ac
cordingly. Later on that la, prior to
the Revolution there tamo n certain
Inxness the reflex of the taut-strung
bow when the fox-hunting, cock
fighting parson wns Inducted into the
livings; but. ns the causes wcro tem
porary, the main causo being tho po
litical appointment by an absentee
Metropolitan, so the effect was not
It was out of these conditions that
Hanover presbytery sprang, under the
influence of Patrick Henry's model, the
eloquent "Parson Dnvles," later tho
president of Princeton college. Indeed,
while some of tho English parsons who
have mnde tho time notorious, woro
dicing, and drinking, nnd fighting, tho
Inlty were standing staunchly for the
old customs, nnd were mnking tho
saddling upon them of such miscreants
one of the charges in their indictment
against tho government "at home."
They withstood innovation. They kept
the faith. They build churches which
still stand to-day as memorials or their
piety and churchmnnship. From "An
Old Virginia Sunday," by Thomas Nel
son Page in Scribner's.
Queer Travel of riant.
One would not imagine offhand that
Ice could possibly be instrumental in
accomplishing tho distribution of
plants, yet n French scientist hns re
cently called attention to the fact that
Icebergs are frequently useful in this
way. Navigators of polar seas often
encounter bergs carrying enormous
masses of debris, with more or less
soil, in which plants aro growing.
Eventually the ice mass runs aground
upon tho shoro of some distant land,
there depositing tho plants, which
may find themselves fo situated as to
be cnnbled to reproduce their species.
The case of volcanoes as plant dis
tributors Is even more remarkable,
though one must regard ns very ex
ceptional such instances as that noted
nt Port Elizabeth. South Africa, In
1887, where largo quantities of vol
canic pumice were observed floating
on the sea. On these fragments of
pumice were found various small ani
mals unfamiliar to that part of tho
world, and thero was also a sort of
cocoanut. The nut wnK planted, and
In due timo produced u palm strnngo
to the African coast. It was decided
that the pumice camo from tho great
eruption of Krakatoa, In tho Straits
of Sunda, which was in its way the
most remarkable volcanic cataclysm of
modern times. Philadelphia Evening
Antlr of Machinery.
"Tho queerest thing about machin
sry," said an old railroad man, "is that
different machines, all built on exactly
the same lines, with every part of tho
same size and of tho same material,
possess a distinct individuality. Take
locomotives, for instance. A railroad
will build a batch of engines, say, 20, of
a certain class. All of thorn will be of
the same dimensions, the same details
in every particular, and yet overy one
will behave in a different manner.
There will be as much difference be
tween them as between 20 men. Some
will Bteam well, others not. One will
be cranky in a certain particular, and
a second in still another. Ono will be
stiff, rigid; another loose-Jointed. And
then, just like members of the human
family, somo will be remarkably un
lucky, through no fault of their own,
while their mates go through llfo with
out a scratch."
Faihlon In Aihaatl.
Tho Ashantls, says an English paper,
have become most regular attendants
it the English church, and church
goers have become quite uced to the
tudlcrous spectacle they afford.
King Prempeh ls-partlcularly partial
to European dress, and appears at
church In a frock coat, a tall hat, and
patent leather boots. The queen
mother, however, still keeps to her na
tive costume, which consists of a cloak
of a pretty sliado of palo bluo spangled
with silver. Tho cloak is worn in much
the same way as the Roman toga.
The other Ashantls nearly all wear
European dress on Sundays, though
ionic of them appear in colors, bright
fellow crimson and green appearing to
lx) their favorite shades.
Ktectrlclty to Guide Ship.
A now electrical apparatus for the
riddance of ships nt sea Is being made
it Baltimore A shoal light-ship will
o equipped to throw a 13-inch electric
jenm skyward, and tho reflection, It is
jromlsed, can be seen thirty or forty
Jackson, Out., has made, a record for
nunlcipal economy. Of tho $2,000 vot-
id for decorations for tho reception ot
.ho Duke nnd Duchess of Cornwall and
fork 300 was not spent.
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