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About The Red Cloud chief. (Red Cloud, Webster Co., Neb.) 1873-1923 | View Entire Issue (Dec. 27, 1901)
y Br nnnrar WiiBE i (Saw away Cmbnegdes fplons
7 Zk HEPS AND WWEN IHT;EE5TED IK HIS BENEFACTIONS . fcrvs.
jZCTvi OFFEB SO>TIONStN PRACTICAL CHiVSITT TO THE HAIf K
y&-x WiOPEOPOSES TO DISTRIBUTE HIS IMMENSE FORTUWg -jrjv
The Now York Sunday Press has in
Uted opinions from its readers ns to
i ho best mnnner in which Andrew
Cnrneglo could dispone of hia wealth
for the. ultimate, betterment of man
kind. Among tlio distinguished men
nnd women, recognized as leaders of
thought, who havo offered suggestions,
no the following:
W need Inllrmarlen, hospital and
orphan' liomei hm well in llhrarto.
-!OV. CANDI.KH OF OKOIIUIA.
State of Georgia, Executive Office, At
lanta. I nm thoroughly impressed with the
Idea that in order to do most good for
humanity and tlio human race it would
lie bettor for our philanthropists who
ire ablo to do so to spend more of
their money in hospitals and luflrm
aties nnd orphans' homes for destitute
orphans than they have In the past.
Tho numbers of the poor and of or
phans in almost every section of our
(inintry, and especially In tho older
.tntes, arc constantly growing larger
and larger, and many are to-day suf
Wlng for the want of institutions
Mich ns I linvo named, which could
with moro bencilt have been founded
rlth a part of the money which has
been applied to the endowment of
ichools for higher education. Very
truly yours. A. D. CANDLER.
fur the, ultlmnto betterment oi mnu- ta iv -m i MB ANna,w akiwCt? ? . U
' r.inplnj mime million prnirlillnt; lion
rit Inlior for our cx-convlct.
MAUD WATXINOTON BOOTH.
You ask mo what suggestion I could
make as to tho disposition of tho gen
erous glftfl being made by Mr. 'Carnc
gio and others fr the helping! ot the
1 think that It Is generally known
thnt my sympathy has been drawn out
most, strongly of lato years to tho men
Incarcerated within the walls of our
piisons. Wo havo some 81,000 men in
Now York prisons alone, and tho very
fact ot their present position bars
their way to futuro honesty by taking
from them character, confidence and
fi lends. It is it well-known fact that
many of these men on leaving prison
try honestly to reform, but having no
hand to holp them and no friends to
give them n start are forced back Into
crime until they become known hb
habitual criminals by the frequency of
their return to prison.
Great gifts have been given to hos
pitals, libraries, orphanages, nud chnr
itoblo associations, but I have yet to
hear of any largo sums given to holp
What is needed is n shelter until ex
prisoners can find work, means to pur
chase tools, money to pay their first!
week's board ana ror suirauio eiotn
lug, and then I bellovo that 80 or Oi
per cent of all our prisoners would b
TVi'Ufcf:., riuo opportunity to eB
MAUD B. B007I
Tlullil model tenement! nt loir eititl
for tho poor.
To my mind, tho housing of n poor
Is ono of tho most important ryblcm3
of our times and ono whjch rjeclally
invites tho attention of phantnrop
Take Now York city, foixamplo
and I speak from many nrs' expo
rlenco In slum work. Wuavo thou
sands ot tenements tin
habitation, nnd yet in t
you will find twolvo an
sons living In thrco :
porhaps all theso roomJnrk but one,
Such conditions bieei disease and
crime, which ovcnttly affect tho
whole city In varlJH degrees, it
speaks well for huruanature tltat un
der tho clrcumstaucrfwo do not havo
more criminals andK'inkards.
Think of iho lildren born nnd
reared tinder sinl conditions, As
chairman of a fhllc playground,
where we have 4,0reglstered, I havo
had ample opportf ty to observo tho
From tho hunJ) standpoint, then,
I woivW'TOCQmmd that Mr. Carne
gie's mlllIons,,yfa,'l r,oct nlO(,0,
tencmonts at lowjaWiftr1"0,"8"
of our poor peop!oj,$&1 tuy K'S"1
nt least have BoniWt pf n chance
fni linnlth mul liii
if wn limi . homecW6 would
not need bo mm
but let us
"' r iinr i -. -rwvi , v
sOlfi25ir " vmo HV C W
v- fieri Trfe; yss? a ,M F
j HIT? ilili fc 3f
VJf'n pcmaioItC' lu
enough for men, women and children
to rend tho books.
MRS. CLARENCE BURNS.
Frco klnilrrsrtn, nn onilovrml nowi
puprr, mill 'ndowtnl tlicntvr.
K. IIK1IKK NKWTON.
The method which Mr. Carnegie has
chosen seoias to mo in many respects
as good at any other, but I confesB
I Bhould eel also strongly drawn to
somo other lines of helpfulness, such
ns, for example, tho founding of free
kindergartens in our great cities; tho
planning and establishing of model
homes 'for the' poor In our great cities
espclally model suburban homes
within accessible distance ot the city;
theendowment of a newspaper, to lift
it above tho corrupting and demoraliz
ing influences of tho race for shekels;
the endowing of a theater to tho same
end and to serve also aa u training
school for tho profession. Theso nnd
other objects would appeal very
stringly to me.
R. HBDER NEWTON.
cre' ti Il4ii to develop rtinl patriot-
unil n true t-onoeptlnn of civic duty.
DIKTIllCX ATTOKNKY FHIMIIN.
rhcrc is no doubt, In my Judgment,
0 it Mr. Carncglo had tho correct
t)3ory in mind when ho established
1! raries in various parts of tho Unlt
ei States; but I think a moro offcctlvo
w y of carrying out his obvious Inten-
tl n nf 1nvnlnn!ne tlii Inillvlilunl tn tho
avantngo of tho community would bo
t give tho opportunity to cultivate a
niowlcdgo and appreciation of gov
ernmental institutions by discussion
among those whoso training and oc
cupation rendered them reluctant to
undertake their study. This idea could
be carried into practical effect by tho
establishment of small social clubs.
Such places could bo mado thorough
ly democratic In their environments
and occupy tho position that tho gen
eral storo in the country occupies, in
that they Would glvo every opportuni
ty to the worklngmcn to discuss ques
tions of government and mutters of
public interest. Such clubs or places
coud bo oqulpped with a small li
brary, dally papers and various forms
of indoor amusements. It might also
bo possible to provide f.o that tho
worklngmnn could havo bin glass of
alO( oven on Sunday, undor such su
pervision as would render it practi
cally impossible for Intemperance to
EUGENE A. PHILUIN.
Study tlio relation nf mint to crime
by k'y'uST tlio needy employment.
SI 118. DON.VI.U M'LKAN.
Were I to expend front fifty to ono
hundred million dollars In bencfuc
tlons to humanity I" would take the
Select n crowded city like Now York,
where thcro aro thousands ot humnn
beings living In tho depths of poverty,
and thousands ot others ncquirlng,
dally, tho barest necessities of life, but
lacking tho suspicion oven ot real
comfort or pleasure. To every strug
gling inhabitant ot such a city I would
glvo the means to provide n comforta
ble livelihood for a certain period of
time say ono or twp years. Thus for
such a period there would bo no pau
perism, hunger nor suffering from pri
vation. I Bhould then mark the change
In tho moral principles of living, in
a community from which (omptatlon
ns Induced by want -is cllmlAatcd, and
a "breathing spell" given t'oihoso who
have ability nnd wish tcflA.) it (oft-
times in unsunl channel fbtit who
aro ground Inlo insensal hdlocrlty
by tho necessity of striving for actual
The final result of such benefactions
would rcmnln In tho permnnent moral
elevation of such n class In a. com
munity as could and would bo bene
fited by tho opportunity to get a foot
hold In the better paths of the world's
15. V. R. M'LEAN.
Homo South Curollnn t-harltlei recom
mended to Sir. Curnegln.
Stato of South Carolina, Executive
If Mr. Carnegie wishes to use part
of his many millions for the benefit
of the public, I know of no gift that
would bo nppreclatcd and do moro
good than donations to the orphan
homes in tMs state, and to tho hos
pitals In this state. I sincerely hopo
that Mr. Carnegie In his future gifts
will look townrd tho charltablo Insti
tutions of this state. I know anything
that he would do for them would ho
appreciated by tho people 'of South
M. D. M'SWEENEY.
Wliatetnr tlin charity, lut women
liure equally with man.
I.II.MK DKVKIIKOX II1.AKE.
It is ono of tho most pleasing signs
of tho times that our millionaires re
alize their responsibilities, and that
thoso who have wealth far beyond
their own ncods ure Impressed with
their duty to give of this for tho aid
of thoso less fortunate.
Tho ancient Jews were taught that
they .must donate a tltho of all that
they possessed for the public service.
In India it was held a disgrace for a
Brahmin to be wealthy. In my own
family tho custom of tho bestowal of
tho tenth part of tho income in aid of
charity or religion was always main
tained. Tho ono rule that I would like to bco
observed by those who havo not only
woalth but n desire to be generous is
that in all colleges, schools or great
public institutions tho benefits shall
not be restricted to tho members ot
ono sex alone, but that women as
well as men shall share in tho instruc
tion, tho information or tho charity
thnt may bo bestowed.
LILLIE DEVEREUX BLAKE.
Novel Italian Htiperatltlou.
Tho Neapolitans nnd Sicilians mix
religion and superstition In tho oddest
wny, until they aro so Intermingled
that no one can distinguish between
them, says tho London Telegraph. For
Instanco, it Is their custom to pray to
a certain saint, San Pnntalcone, to aid
them In their choico ot numbers for
tho lottery. A young girl for nfne suc
cessive nights, at tho sumo4 hour, re
peats tho rosary, and afterwards n
plcco of poetry. On the lanl evening
sho prepares for tho saint, Iii tho mid
dle of tho room, a tnblo wltn pen, ink,
and papor, leaving at the same time
tho house door thrown open to admit
him when ho comes at midnight.
Around -the tablo aro placed thrco
chairsas It Is believed that ho goes
always accompanied by two boon
'companions. Sin Pnntalcone is popu
larly supposedto be a giant, wuli tho
strongest ot aims, which ho uses
freely when thoso who havo called him
show fear. Onco arrived, ho sits dotfn
nnd writes the numbers. If they aro
tho successful ones, great is tho re
joicing, hut If they aro nor, tho victim
with great philosophy decides that ho
omitted something In the ceremonial,
and tho saint has taken this way of
punishing him. Thcro aro oven some
individuals who declare that they hnvo
seen l'.tntalcone, and. apparently, llrm
ly believe what they say.
Safeguard In Kpil hen.
About fifteen years ago n small ves
sel, while sailing in tho southern part
of the Red Sea, was Injured by comingi
Into contact with somo hidden obstruc
tion. As the sailors could not exnetly
locate tho position of this danger to
navigation, n vessel In the service of
tho British admiralty spent a fortnight
In cruising up and down In tho neigh
borhood beforo tho cause of tho dam
ago was found. It was n nick pin
nacle, rising In rpmpnratlvqly shal
low water to within n few feet of tho
surface. Its top was only a few square
feet In nrea. Tho hidden rock wn
of course, marked for destruction,
which was applied by tho dynumlte
Tn order to render navigation moic
securo tho Turkish government, two
months ago, Instructed tho French of
ficials who have charge of the Otto
man lighthouse to construct four
lightships. The lights on theso ships,
It Is specified, shall be so strong as to
project their Illumination for n dls
tanco of thirty miles. Ono of them
will bo stationed at Mocha, and Its
light will ho about 17C feet above the
sea levol. Tho othor lights will be
placed among the islands of the south
ern part of the sea, wbero nearly nil
tho accldentB to shipping In tho Red
AiiRoni OoiiU Are I'rollUbU.
Tho breeding of Angora goats baf
bocomo nn industry of Bomo Import
ance on tho Pacific slope. Two years
ago tho number of ungornn in Cali
fornia was estimated at 00,000 and In
Oregon at 15,000. In tho following
year tho wholo number of theso goatE
In tho United States was estimated at
400,000, and thero aro probably now
not less than COO.000.
Onn of tho larccst breeders In the
United States is E. W. Cowell of San
Frnnclsoo, who took to market a few
days ago a flock of 370 angoras. Tlioy
havo Just been driven down from their
summer range In tho mountains und
were beautiful animals.
Their fleeces wcro white and silky
nnd all wore fat and In flno condition.
Tho flock consisted of wethers only.
They nre worth In San Francisco about
i a head. They will ho converted Into
"mutton" or "lnmb" and tho pelts sold
for rugs and other purposes.
Tho latest figures obtainable show
for tho United States a consumption of
moro than 2,000,000 pounds of mohair
in 1S99. Or this quantity about one
half waB domestic nnd tho remainder
Imported. Nino mills In New England
used tho fibre.
Wultlnc for "Itleh finny."
A well-known Brooklynlte, Junior
member or a wealthy firm known chler
ly by reason or Its hostility to the
sugar trust, is tho possessor of a par
ticularly unassuming manner, usually a
drslrablo asset, but in this Instanco, nt
least, productive ot consequences hard
ly so desirable Accompanied by a
friend, ho sot out ono nfternoon not
long ago for a nearby town whoro a
horso aliow wns In progress. Tho train
being an eaily one, they happened to
be tho only arrivals at tho station, nnd
going over to whoro u small boy stood
Ju chargo of a largo bus, asked to bo
driven out to tho show grounds. "Can't
tako you," replied tho diminutive Jehu,
"But, why not?" tlioy asked, surprised.
"You havo no other passengers." "Any
other llmo I would tako you out,"
canio tho reply, "but I havo a load ot
rich guys coming out on tho next
train," nnd ho added hesitatingly,
"they likes to keep by themselves."
Ah at least ono of the two who trudged
a dusty mile to that horso show is
credited with a fortune variously estl
mated at from ono to five million dol
lars, tho little bus driver's definition
of a "rich guy" might bo interesting.
WUruiiiln Forenti OolnK Itapldly.
Tho pine forests of Wisconsin are be
ing rapidly depleted, and It will not
be many years boforo tho lumbermen
of that region will have to quit tb
business or seek new fields of operation,
FOR WOMEN AND HOME
ITEMS OF INTEREST FOrt MAIDS
Attriietltii Material for Tea (louim -
KimTr. Style (Inlnif Out of I'iMhIon
Sumo I'olt'hlnir ?uitultlr for fair
MATi:illAI. I'OU TI'.A OOW.NH.
Women, both old and young, arc at
tractive In tea gowns. Now that tho
princess mid empire elTect aro so much
In vogue many of the most elaborate
gowns ntc built on theso lines, and
they do service for afternoon frocks
at home. Theso becoming toilets aro
built of ii gieat variety of fabrics, and
everything from ctepe do chine and
Inco to broadcloth Is employed for
their construction. I'antio Is used per
forated In sohio design and outlined
with embroidery, a contrasting color
used for tho foundation. Broadcloth
trimmed with fur and lace constitutes
a beautiful tea gown. It Is cut prin
cess, tho fabric of biscuit colored cloth,
It outlined with sable, and a lace
bolero Is also edged with a narrow
binding of the fur, which gives It a
chlo touch. A model ot yellow panno
Is cut empire, a border of perforated
design runs down one side of tho ft out
and about the bottom nnd shows a
foundation of white satin at tho bot
tom of tho hem Is a narrow band ot
mink. The short waist Is finished with
n folded belt of whltn liberty satin,
which has sash ends In front, fringed,
nnd It fastens with n largo, old silver
buckle, set with yellow topaz. Tho
neck Is cut V shape nnd finished with
a deep shoulder collar of old luce.
Dainty gowns nre linide of lnco and
ribbon and hung over foundations or
silk tho Bamo color as tho ribbon.
Cnshinero makes au attractive tea
gown, nnd when tho light shades aro
used It Is well to bind tho bottom with
black silk or ribbon to keep It clean.
A model that lends Itself well to u
cashmere negligee Is laid In plaits In
the back to form n yoke., Plaits also
appear on the front, which Is double
iircastcd and fasten with a shawl ro
ver, which Is faced with either silk or
velvet. Both short and long Jackets
aro also modish worn with silk petti
coats of the samo shade and same
material If possible.
NKVr.Ki: HTVI.r.N CIOI.VO OUT.
Tho severe tailor iiiiule cloth gown
does not predominate as In former
yenrs. This style Is now relegated to
tho walking costumes, which aro mado
Suit of dark red broadcloth, trimmed witli panne velvet tho samo shade
Suit of tan cloth, with trimmings or golden brown uncut velvet; also
trimmed with bands of the cloth stitched.
Blnek broadcloth suit, witli bund of black satin laid on bands of white
cloth, set In and stlched. dray feather boa und black hat, with trimmings of
HOMK FKTCIIIMi NOVKI.TIF.S.
Next to velvets, satin-faced broad
cloths rank in favor. Putino velvet,
stitched, is much liked ns u trimming
for coBtumes of broadcloth. Whip
cords, zlbellnes, camel's hair, worsted
burlaps, Vcnetlnn cloth, mixed chevi
ots and BorgcB nre also used for street
gowns. Loulslno and novelty silks aro
rolKn Dotted Volvotoon Shirt
WaWt. 'White Stitching.
From John Wanamiker, Ilroadway, N. Y.
taking tho place of foulards for tho fall
season. Tho up-to-date girl has now
replaced her summer shirt waists with
ono or two of velveteen. A pretty
model is of black velveteen with em
broidered polka dots in white. The
edgo of the diagonal flap down tho
front Is Btltched with whlto 'Corllcolll
stitching silk, which is put up on
qiiartor ounce spools and comes in
nil colors to mutch tho latest dress
goods. The high stock is of velveteen,
8horl nn1 ftro ,,M''1 '" u, m"nS5
quired on nil gowns mnr? than
but so much adornment In tho way ot
fancy stitching, elaborate embroidery
and Intricate braiding Is now fashion
ablo that tho old regulation "lallor
inndo" can seatcely bu tecognlzml In
these rich and grareful "cre.lt Ions,"
which tiro suitable for the afternoon
promenade nnd at nil times when u
carriage Is used. This attractive tnll-or-nindo
fall costume Intended for
street wmr Ii of tan clitv ot. elaborate
ly stitched unil braided. Tho ICIon
coat Is made to close lit front and Ik
trimmed with a fancy braid. Tho col
lar Is of tan panne velvet. The skirt
is plain with stitched seams and bau
Tiillor-Mutlo Irnlt Cnntumn.
Fium MaIsoii Vlolctte, Neir Yott..
a circular llnttuco added with several
rows ot stitching. Corllcolll stitching
silk, sbo I), Is n very good silk nnd
Is generally used by tho largest dress
uiakei's for this purpose.
HINTS AS TO HTAIlt UAltl'f'.IS.
When buying stair carpets always
allow llueo-quurtors to n yard over
for each flight of stairs, and then when
you lift tho carpet the samo parts do
not conin on tho edge of tho Btalrs. By
remembering this plan unil allowing
the extra piece tho carpets will last
half as long again as they would
with turn over collar und narrow tl
of black taffeta stitched In white.
Lnco proper only dates buck to tilt
sixteenth century, and may bn divided
into two classes, needlepoint, and
thnt which Is produced by interweav
ing threads with bobbins on a pillow.
Needle point lepreseuts tho transi
tion phase between cmbtoldery on flna
llneu nnd the making ot luco ns u
separate and valuable fabric, In which '
both the ornament and tho ground
work ure produced by tho worker.
The great Impetus to lace-makliiff
in Franco, and the Low Countries was
given by Colbert, tho famous minister
of Louis Quartorze, who realized that
tho prosperity ot tho country depend
ed very much on tho small paying in
dustries that tho lower and middle
classes can produce in their own
Tho Revolution checked tho lnce
maklng trade, but Napoleon, with his
empresses .Josephine and Mario Louise,
sought to revive it.
Cliantilly lace, if genuine, never
dates back further than the seven
teenth century, nnd black silk clian
tilly Is all of tho eighteenth, nnd later.
Among tlio best known laces In Eng
land aro Honlton, Nortbants, Bedford
und Buckiiighamshlro varieties. Nee
dlerun laces are occasionally made In,'
small quantities In seycral counties. .
Thin RoiiROn Irlnh lnrn la In thnXao.'
conduncy. Tho chief Irish ktaw Kre
necuiopomis oi moro orvjeas .oeau
principally mado in couventu 'at Yc
glial, Now Robs, and Klsre,i"m
nuur uirae vuirii-niiittcros.. &TU1 IA
erick, and the moderp crochet
' A W
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