Image provided by: University of Nebraska-Lincoln Libraries, Lincoln, NE
About The Red Cloud chief. (Red Cloud, Webster Co., Neb.) 1873-1923 | View Entire Issue (May 24, 1901)
-"""' twm"t"". si '
When n I'ulM ImIkcI Iteernlnllon Cured
rwclutiil -itainr htephem In lll IT
Orrrklinliinril O'Ciiniii'll mol Hlirr
Lender of the Irlili Cime.
To those InttM'tHtnl In tin- Nutlonnl
l.st movement In Ireland the name of
James Stephens, who (IIimI In Dublin
n few (l.iys ago. Is Utile more tliiui n
memory. They have heard of lilm us si
great I'Vnliin loader of other days, hut
lie Is not remembered us, for Instance,
they remember O'Conncll nml Parnell.
Nearly hnlr a century iip.o. however,
.lames .Stephens wan the most promin
ent Ii-IrIiiiiiiii In or out of Ireland. II"
tiplleveil In liberating IiIh country by
( fipuprvcil or not, the Imputation of row-
arillee. The fact inolmbly Is Unit
Stephens wan not a coward; hut whllo
being a splendid orgatil.'-r, lie failed
to Hue to tin full height of a leader
when the Hltuntlnn was rlpo for action
lie was more a man for the council
chamher than the Held. Soon after this
ho nailed for Franco, whero ho re
mained until IRS.'. He Ihrn enme to
the I'nlted States, wliere he was pre
sented with n purse of $10,000. In 18'M
he was unolllcliilly Informed Hint If ho
would give up all further IVnlnn ngl
Intlon he might lelurn to Ireland. Ilo
accepted the) offer and the closing days
or his life were spent In retliemeut In
Nil Momlcr WimIiIubioii N'er lltperl
enicn lliiril 'liniri.
AreordiiiK to the latest cilll lul list.
(here are I'.UIli puhlir fuin tlonuilcH of
HAS STOOD I
FO'R AGES j
The Stone of Ties
tiny in the Uritijh
holloed n libera ing .. o nr varlmls ,,,,, and degrees employed
Physical force, and ai one line he w I , vl , ,,. ,., f -iiifiil.ln.
nil bill successful In launching u well- , ,, . llulll,.ms department.!
Meplii'itt hi mi Clrc:nl"T.
Stephens wan born not far from Dub
lin mid wan educated at Dublin Uni
versity. He was n grout linguist, u
fluent spoukoi. and Is said to have been
the gtentcst organizer which the Irish
Nationalists ever had. lie had a pe
culiar faculty of convincing the musses
that what he said wns right and that
what he promised would be fullllled.
He was In tin) Young Inland rebellion
of 18 IS. which began with a splurge
and ended so Ingloiioii.sly. Fired by
his association with Irish patriots at
that time. Stephens began almost as
mioii as the lebelllon of MS collapsed,
to plan for another. In 10 years hl.i
plans had so far matured that diill
classes were meeting nightly In Dub
lin and vicinity, and .voting Iiishmen
Indulged high hopes of freeing their
What the Irish patilots needed,
though, was skilled military leaders.
These I hey hail not. but the civil war
In the United States furnished a school
and bureaus of the federal government.
These aie the lvlllau appointees in
the executive departments and do not
Include senators and leprcsontutlvo.s
and several hundred emploes of the
houses who vibrate, between the capi
tal and their homes in other pints of
the country. Nor does this aggregate
Include W'M or 100 army and navy otll
ccrs. active and retired, who form a
largo permanent colony. The monthly
compensation of these HM4tj civilian
employes iintountH to $1, Oik". 708.8 1.
Theiefore the aggregate sum in salar
ies annually paid out In Washington
by the government disbursing clerks
reaches the enormoiiB total of $ll.ti2S.
r05.7L'. Uesldes. probably not less than
$:i.000.000 additional goes to the sena
tor, and congressmen and their subor
dinates and perhaps $1,250,000 more to
thu army and navy ollUials, most of
whom are of high tank with large pay.
their being constantly In Washington
not less than sixty generals and admi
rals, active and retired. These totals
form a grand aggregate of $2;t.878,50,'.72
for Irishmen on this side- of the At- annually paid out in Washington in the
lnntle In which to learn the ait of
war and the skill to command; which
they hoped to be able to practice in Ire
land when the civil war was over,
ruder Sliephens' dliectlou active en
listment in the unions Fenian soci
eties was undertaken in 18151. and se
cret drillings were carried on all over
This activity had been preceded the
year before by u convention In the
United States, at which Stephens was
proclaimed the practical head of the
Irish nation, or. as he was called by
the Kenlans.the central oiganl.er of the
Irish lepubllc. John O'Mahoney was
.1AMES ST E I'll HNS,
chosen head center for Hih United
I.el Ida Opportunity Slip.
With tile close of the civil war many
Irishmen who had won fame in the
Union aimy on southern bMtletlolds re
turned to Ireland, having been led to
believe through Stephens' presenta
tion that a good-sized army of Irish
patiiots had already been organized
and equipped, and was only waiting for
competent commanders. Among those
who returned to Ireland at the time
were (leu. .Michael Kerwin, (Jen. Den
nis !'. Hurke, of the Irish Hrlgade;
(ion. William llalpln. Col. Thomas .1.
Kelly, dipt, .lames Murphy and .lolm
Nolan. When these distinguished sol-
single Item of salaries,
It is u wist, unvarying, constant
stieam of cash (lowing from the govern
ment coffers into the hands of the
hunks, business houses and proiesslon
al men of Washington. Hie olllcial per
sonnel of the United States acting
merely us middlemen, because this
money Is largely spent or permanently
Invested. In all the departments sal
aries are paid semi-monthly, and If de
sirable the ofllcc-holder can draw
sums ofteuer, if Hie money Is due him.
hut this Is dependent wholly on the
courtesy of the disbursing clerks. It Is
not singular, then, that there are never
any hard times in Washington. The
money for these vast salary dlsbuiso
inriits is not squeezed out of Washing
ton Itself, except perhaps an lullnltesl
mal portion of It towaul defray lug tbo
expenses of the local government, but
the great bulk of It comes from elae- J
where, poured Into the city's lap by the
nation at large from internal revenue '
taxation, custom duties, etc., mainly
levied elsewhere. This is n distinct fea
ture not enjoyed In any other city in
the union similar disbursements In
the great municipality of New York,
for Instance, are made from the mon
eys raised by local taxation. In other
words. It Is merely one hand paying
the other; the community as u whole
Ik no richer by the transaction, every
month neurly $2,000,000 of additional
money, never previously available, is
scattered broadcust. so to speak, among
1'rrurUni I'raetlreil Trephining.
Prof. W. J. Mcdee. of the bureau of
ethnology in Washington, has received
otllclal permission to exhibit at tho
Pun-American Imposition In Huffalo his
studies of trephining umong the early
Peruvians, lie will show ancient skulls
trephined by stone implements and in
connection with this some animal
skulls, showing experimental work
done under Prof. McOee's direction,
using the same Hint Implements which
the aborigines were forced to employ.
It is doubtful whether the ancient op
erations were performerd for a dis
tinctly surgical purpose or whether tho
operation was of some mystic signifi
cance. In some cases the freshness of
the wounds In the bono showed that
The coming coronation of King Ed
ward of England naturally calls atten
tion to a piece of red sandstone which
Is embedded In the coronation chair In
Westminster Abbey, and which Is val
ued so highly that many learned men
have predicted the downfall of the
English should anything happen to It.
writes .lolm l)e .Morgan.
The antiquity of this stone, which is
known as Lla Fall, or stone of destiny.
Is not doubted. It Is admitted that Ed
ward I. letnoxed It from Scone. In Scot
land, to Westminster Abbey, in which
place It has been ever since.
On searching nnmng the records of
the past, separating what undoubtedly
might be termed fable from fuct. we
find that the stone was sent from Ire
land to Siotland in the sixth century
for the ccnonatlou of Fergus .MacEarca.
who was of the Milesian race, anil from
that time to the lelgn of Edward at the
end of the thirteenth century. It re
mained in Scotland anil was used at the
I'oiuuatloii of the Scottish Kings.
In Hie eaily years of the sixth cen
tury Mutogh .MacEarca, the reigning
monarch cif Ii eland, had a brother,
Fergus, who became chief, or king of
the Irish colonies and settled in the
colony later known as Scotland. In or
der to Impress the people with his
light to govern oer them and at the
same time to satisfy his own con
science that he was the rightful king,
he asked his brother to send over the
stone of destiny, that he might be
crowned upon It, thus giving him se
nility upon the throne. After the
stone was taken from Tarn, In Ireland,
to Scotland, It lemalued for a long
time at the monastery of St. C'olumklll,
at Iona. in the Hebrides. Thence it
was taken to Dunstaffnage, in Argyles
shiie. the earliest royal residence of the
I libit kings or Scotland, and in the
ninth century It was removed to Scone,
whence Edward I.. In 1820, removed It
Long before the tlmo of Fergus on
.Muitogh the kings of Ireland, both of
the Tuatlia-de-Danii and .Milesian race,
hail been ci owned on the same stone.
The Tuatha-de-Danaus are said to have
carried Hie stone with them to Ire
land and these people had lived several
centuries In Ireland before they wete
crown: a dark gray, brown or black
cutaway coat and waistcoat and trou
sers of the continental pattern. In
all this clothing not a button wns
used, hooks and eyes being employed.
Every man's hair was long and cut
off squarely behind. .Most of the men
had beards. The women had black
or dark brown gowns, severely plain
mid without trimmings, and all woro
white cap i
ENGLISH PRIME MINISTERS.
I.oril MilUlHtr?' Truiiro nT OtUi'ii ll
llcfli Itemiirlcnlitjr I. one.
Lord Salisbury is not generally ac
counted an ambitious man: If he were
he would be able to rolled with pride
(hat now he has been prime minister
of the United Kingdom for a longer
period than any statesman since Hie
first reform bill in fad. ever since Hie
Earl of Liverpool's famous administra
tion of nearly fifteen years came to an
end in 1827. Mr. (Hailstone was prime
minister on four occasions, his tenute
of the ofllce lasting in all twelve years
and HI days, and that Is the record
which the marquis has now beaten. It
Is Interesting to rolled that, while Mr.
Gladstone's leadership was spread over
twenty-six years, Lord Salisbury first
became prlmn minister less than six
teen years ago.
In the eighteenth century Sir Robert
Walpole was prime minister from 1711 1
to 1842 at a stretch and had been at
the head of the government for two
years on a previous occasion. William
Pitt was prime minster fioni 17811 to
1801. and again from 1801 to 180ii. Uird
North had twelve years, from 1770 to
1782. At the other end of the scale.
Canning was prime minister for only
KM days, und was followed by five
others from 1827 to ISM who only aver
aged about sixteen months' olilee
WHICH LOUISIANA PUR
CHASE WAS SEALED.
Herein Srut Territory Vn Oilnl by
rriiucn In tho ItnllcU M.it- from Hit
front Wlmlow .lurUmui ltolnrcil III
li-tnrtnu 'I roup.
The old cablldo which has been men
tioned in connection with the Piesl-
a comfortable resting place lor tholr
lieculs and not a fetter for their feet. ,
It was upon the IMh of May. 1803,
that Cnsa Calvo. being sent from
Havana, for the purpose. Jointly with
(Jov. Salcedo. proclaimed the coming'
surieuder of Louisiana and Its con
templated terms, und they held them
selves lu toadlnes.q for the hourly ex
pected arrival of Hen. Victor. Instead
of him came a rumor, painful to Laos
sat. und incredible to the Creoles, who
had so lately received the news of tho
cession to France with the llwllest de
light, und about the las: of .Inly. IS0:i,
a vessel from Hordeaux brought the
dent's tllli In it f:imlll:ir nml iil,.lni,,,.ii,.
-. ....,. .............. .......,.i,,c',-,,-.. .....,,. ,,.,, i.idiii an. tt twiii. t lui'
Ktl?llt til tllflUfi U llfl It'll'. t i'lulli.,1 V.... . fifUr.tnl nitiiiiiii. ,.r,nl !... .... ft... 101. .
--- -" ..-..j. ii i mill ii .t. i ...i..i,i iiiiiiiiiin rim in llllllWIf ill." nihil
Orleans. In 1702 the building win
erected by a Spanish nobleman, mimed
Hexas, who was u colonel of the pro
lnelal tinops In Louisiana and a cav
alier of the loyal and distinguished
order of Carlos III. His memory Is
even now perpetuated In dally evening
mass in the old St. Louis Cathedral.
djolnlng the Cablldo. and built be
of tho preceding Apt II Loulblaii.t had
been purchased by tho United States.
'I he Clnn r t,otiMim.
On the :10th of Ocober Congress au
thorized the Piesldent to lake ikissos
slon of the ceded tcnltory. On the :iOtu
of November, with hoops drawn up in
line in the Place d'Artnes and with
discharges of aitlllery. Salcedo. In the
lilm at the (film time and given to the hall of the Cablldo. delivered to Laus-
( athollc chim-h of Louisiana. The sat the keys of New Orleans, and f'us.i
structure flguies mm li in Hie romamvs i Calvo declared the noonle nf Lonislnn i
of (Jeorge W. Cable. Charles Dudley
Warner and other noted American
writers. It faces what Is now known
absolved from tholr allegiance to th
King of Spain. From a flagstaff In the
squill e the Spanish colors desi ended, b-
ns .lacksoii Sipiare. where Hen. Andre-.v I H,o French took their plate and tlr
dies had been In Dublin for a time j lh(. ,, ,,, ,)0t , , , '
.hoy became dissatisfied with Stephens' , ,.,, , ,, ,. Uvo in!tiancv!,t
method. When It was urged upon him
that the lime for action had arilved.
Stephens Insisted upon a delay, and no
wa openly accused of being i( brag
gart, of being .iln and altogether in
competent. What might hue happened had the
lowilutlon actually begun no one can
stale. The fact Is that the British gov
ernment got wind of Stephens' plans,
found him in Fnlrtlcld House, Saudv
mount. a suburb of Dublin. HiioiikIi the
skill of the famous detective, Dawson,
and on the inoiiilng of Saturday. No
vembor II. ISiifi. the agitator was ar
resteil ciud lodged In Itlchmond Hride
well prison. Three days later ho was
artalgned before Magistrate Stronge.
Ill After Career.
He was lenianded for examination,
but before he could lie brought lute!
court again lie had escaped fioni
prison, chlelly thioupli the efforts of
t'apt. .lolm Kerwin. who Is now in NV,
York. Stephens made his way to
lranco and theme to the United
States. He was received with great
honor lu New York by the Fenian
brotherhood. In November, ISOG. when
It was reported that Stephens was to
sail from this country to again pla.'o
himself at the he-ad of tho movement
In Ireland, the Hiitlsh government of
fered a toward of $10,000 for his cap
ture. Stephens, however, did not sail,
and this In tho face of tho fad that all
preparations had been mado for hla
departure lost lilm many friends nnd
fidmlrers and earned for him, whether
is plain that the ancient operator must
have cut down upon a large blood ves
sel, causing almost Instantaneous
death, but In other cases the operation
was more successful and the patient
must have survived for some years at
(Showing the famous Stone of Destiny
facing from beneath the seat.)
conquered by the Milesians l.UOO years
before Christ. According to this tho
stonu must be 4,000 years old. Very
early In the history of tho stono wo
find It called Jacob's stone, by which
name) It Is known In the annals of
Westminster. It has been nsserted that
the patriarch .lucob rested his head
upon It and that It Is tho identical
stone; referred to In Genesis: "And
.lucob rose up early in the morning
and took the stone that he had put
for his pillow and set It up for a pil
lar." Whatever ho tho fads about the
stone, history and tradition havo wo
ven much of Interest about It.
Siflfl IllnU Mint rt'lic.
The world's swiftest travelers are
found in tho air and water. They are
the birds and tho fishes. Carrier
pigeons have been known to attain u
speed of ninety miles an hour. Wild
pigeons often lly hundreds of miles in
a day to feed anil return to their roost
at night. Audubon estimated that they
tiiiveled iit the rate of a mile a minute.
Migrating birds fly over great distances
and therefore must have gieat strength
as well as speed. Hobollnks often iear
their young on the shores of the 1101 th
orn lakes anil then spend their winters
lu Cuba and Porto Hico. To do this
they must twice cover a distance of
nearly .'1,000 mile's or more than one
fifth the circumference of tho earth.
The humming bird travels fully 2,000
miles a your and many other small
birds exceed this distance.
The racers of the water are the sal
mon and swordtlsh. Only a running
horsu could outstrip a salmon for It
can swim a inilo In less than two min
utes and keep this up for some time.
Tho salmon Is also noted for Its leap
ing ability, having been known to leap
up waterfalls 12 feet high. It propates
for a jump, just as a boy does, with a
short, sharp run. If the water at the
foot of the fall is not deep enough to
allow this run, tho leap cannot be
.laekson ntele at the lien! of his hardv
Tennessceans and Koiitucklans and
Clonics and Lafltto's pirate patriots,
after the victory of Hie buttle of New
Orleans in 181.'. ami there icceived the
laurels of the eomiuoror.
To this tiny there stand' a remark
able equestrian statue lu bronze of the
grlzled old wan lor In the center of
the- sepune. which at the time of his
coming ami before was known as the
Plai'p d'Armes It was In this squai".
also, that the French provincials lin
pllciti'd In the Lafrenlero iisuriectlou
were shot. They had lebelled against
the secret treaty vvheieby Louisiana
was given to Spain anil had sought to
form an empire ol their own. Here,
likewise, in the Place d'Sruies wen
gibbeted the pirates and smugglers of
the llarntarla Hay and .other malefac
tors and breakers of the law.. Fioni
the wide Spanish center window .lack
son reviewed hi troops after the bat
tle of New Orleans and it is proposed
that President McKInlcy deliver an ad
dress and lev lew a p.ir.tde from the
-atne window during his vl-tt.
An tlm Cihllilii l Toil.ty.
The old Cablldo l. today i.ted as tli-
court room of the Louisiana State Su
preme Court, and. aside fioni' its rich
Interest as the scene of the celebrated
transfer of the territory to the United
States In ISO!!, contains an art gallon
of famous Jurists and Justices of the
state, I'olebrated both by reason of Hie
painters who made them, and the men
who posed before the canvas.
In the same building with the Ca-
domlnatloii of Spain lu Louisiana was
at tin end.
On Monday, the 20th of Dei ember
I SOU, with similar ceiemonles L.nissai
turned the province and the key?, of ls
port over to Ceiminlssioneis Clailiorne
ami Wilkinson. The French trl-.oloi.
which had llnaied over the Pl.ie e d'
Armes foi only 211 ilavs, gave place (o
the Stais and Stripes, and New Orleans
became' an American town. The prl e
paid was $12.0011.000. together with $!.
7."0,000 for I'reiuli spoliatlo'i claims.
The Louisiana Historical Soilctv h.is
taken the Initiative lu the mattei nf
this unlipie tec option to President M -Kinley.
and the idea was accepted with
enthusiasm h.v the citizens of New Oi
lcans. A banquet will also be tenderc'
the Piesident. and it is possllib- thu
the Creoles of the city may give bin
a ball at the historic French Ope .i
House, where all tho nivstlc i.unl'.il
balls have been held,
near a port or on one of the shoit r.ill
lei.ids. Good fruit land is worth f om
$7 to S70 an ai re, according to leu a ion.
The shippers of New Orleans find In
Poi to Klio a good market for rt e.
The Callfornian. which arrived n
Ponce last week from New Orleans,
brought o.OOo packages of rice, which
weii' illspoM'd of very readily Illi
and codfish fioni Novia Scotia brought
he-re on schooners Is the chief diet of
the Porto Khan.
Ah to "Ye." il nil "Tlic..
Whenever an llllteiate catoret upon
a chop house when- a man may i-otue
A UNIQUE FUNERAL.
The Cnr .Miiy Aliillnitf.
The Emperor of Russia is tlreel of
his Job. Ills naturally dclicato health
has not been Improved by tho strain
of domestic ami foreign dilllcultles. Ho
will wait only long enough to discover
If his next child is a son. If his wife
presents lilm with a male heir he will
cling to the reins of government for
the boy's snke. If tiTo child Is a girl,
ho will gladly lay aside his crown and
Uvo in retirement.
The Cumlnc Country.
Australia Is a great country to emi
grate to. Two-thirds of tho continent
is a desert, and yet her productiveness
is enormous. This land contains over
100.000.000 sheep, between .'lO.OOO.OOO
nml a5,000.000 head of cattle and
Quaint Jtnrlnl Ciutnui of the Ainlsli
Sect In renoiylTnnlu.
The funeral of .lolm M. .Mast at Mor
gantown, Pa., recently, wns an Illus
tration of tho unique burial custom
of tho Amlsli sect. In a room of tho
large farmhouse of the dead man was
the plain walnut coflln, containing the
body. There wns very little trim
ming cm tho Insldo of the coflln, which
was without plate, handles or trim
mings. Tho white shroud waa littlo
else than a winding sheet. The long,
whlto hair and flowing white beard of
the dead man gave him truly a patri
archal appearance. The lloor was un
carpeted, ami the room was filled with
chairs and benches. At one sldo of
tho coftln sat the near femnle rela
tives, who worei whlto caps. On tho
other sldo woro the men. The huts
and cloaks or tho family hung upon
tho wall. Tho other rooms were oc
cupied by other relatives, friends and
acquaintances. At tho farmhouso gate
stood two men wearing blnck, wlde
rlmmed hats, who personally Invited
all friends from a distance to proceed
to a rear summer kitchen whero cold
meats, bread and rusks were served
with hot coffee from 'J o'clock until
10:30. All who hnd come from a ells-
A Ittltl lleiUIKTHVf.
There are almost as many kinds of
Parliament ns there are races which
elect them. Some are amazingly anti
quated In tholr methods of procedure,
while others are ns go-ahead as it is
possible to be. On the continent, how
ever, more or less of a family likeness
exists between tho Parliaments, of the
various groat powers, though lu the
lesser states there are many Interest
ing and distinctive methods of govern
ment. One of the most remarkable In
stances of these existing today Is the
"Lantlsgemclnde" of the canton of
Olnrus, In Swlterland.
The government of no Swiss canton
by the people Is more absolute than In
that of Olarus, whero the burghers as
semble annually to hold their outdoor
Parliament In a large square usunlly
on the first Sunday In May, weather
permitting. Tho honored president oc
cupies a platform In the middle of tho
square. There are places for boys
around this platform, tho young Idea
thus being taught early how to legis
late wisely and well for Its beloved
country. Altogether the "Landsgo-
melnde" Is one of the most quaint and
Ideal little Parliaments In existence.
THE OLD CAniLDO.
I'orln Itli-an Crops.
If indications amount to anything.
lu contact with oiled oak and musty
ale, aitiflclal cobwebs, and Center
Porto lllco will have exceedingly large street armorial bearings, ho converts
coffee and sugar crops this year. The j himself Into a modern archalst and
horses. It has given the commerce
of the world over $2,000,000,000 In gold. ! tanco were well fed.
copper, coal and tin. Tho two prov- I Tho service lnsted until noon, tho
luces of Uallarat and Hotiellgo alone I two addresses occupying one hour nnd
havo produced $500,000,000 of gold, and
as much more has eomo from tho
great Tumbaroora and Lambing Flat.
In New South Wales.
F.xperlenco Is a line teacher, hut she
t-n.ds In terrific bills.
i half. All the sorvico was In tho
Pennsylvania Herman vernacular.
There was no music. The long
prayer was Intoned or chanted.
Of tho 200 Amish men present U
woro the same kind of hat of black
wool, with a wide brim and low
A FreaW Kiplolon.
A happening of so peculiar a nature
as to seem out of place except in the
pages of fiction and which occurred a
few days since In northern New York,
has eaused considerable discussion
among thoso interested lu extraordi
nary occurrences. Uist Saturday even
tng, the steam boiler lu a grist mill at
Lisbon, St. Uawrenco county, exploded
Just as an Ogdensburg & lako Cham
plain railroad freight train wns pass
ing. The force of the explosion raised
the holler, a grpat mass of metal
weighing thousands of pounds, through
the roof of the building which Inclosed
It, throwing It 1R0 feet In the air across
one of tho freight cars. Although the
shock of Its fall was terrific, no wreck
was paused and the train proceeded to
the next station. There were a num
ber of men employed near tho boiler at
tho tlmo of the explosion and also there
were several on the train but no one
sustained an injury.
De Ford estate, near Ouayamas, predv
ably the laigest In the Island, will
grind Its first crop this year, and If this
comos up to the expectations they will
ship $1,000,000 worth of sugar tills
spring. A native planter near Ouanlca
will renin ship $10,000 worth of sugar.
and other planters have good crops in
calls the den "Ye Ohio Taverne
Every city where the English language
Is spoken and murdered has Its brood
of "Ye Olde Tavernes." Strange to
tell, such places aie patronized by the
we'll iufoiiued i lass. You meet in
them men who lead a lot, untvnralt)
men with and without degrees who
........ . . ..
view. Agriculturally. Porto Kico uas ; nave knocked about the world, anil
almost entirely recovered from the ef- , Immensely clever fellows who have
feds of the cyclone of nearly two years I educated themselves outside of work
The fruit outlook is good, but owing
to the time required for maturing
fruits will produce no returns for two
or three years. A year ago there was
hardly an acre of fruit under cultlvalon
In Porto Kico. Several Florldlans
hours. And yet. brethren, overvoue of
these pionounccs "Ye" as It Is .ipnllrd
regardless of the fact that ' ye" Is just
as much "the" as "I" is "eye." There
is only one "ye" In the Euglish Ian
gunge, and It is the archaic personal
pionoun of the second person, corn-
wont there and settled and aie now j monly used In the plural. It Is Incor
awaltlng for their fruit trees to hlos- red to invite a friend to dine at 'Ye
soni. In fruit production questions of I Olde Taverne." Spell it "Ye," if you
Monuments to tho dead, and monu
ments to the gods, but tho true mo.
tlves of the builders Is to climb up on
top themselves, to be looked at.
transportation must be carefully con
sldered. and fruit property must be
blldo, and. Indeed, part of !t, are tho
remains of the historic eallbosa. The
hpavy damp and vaulted cells still re
main and are still used for the Incar
ceration of police magistrate prisoners.
In one of them there Is today a re
minder of former barbarism. It Is the
stocks. Close beside the rear wall of
ono of thu'dnrk cells runs n largo and
heavy piece of hewn oaken timber. It
is cleft In half lengthwise and contains
three sets of Iron hound holes, In which
were Inserted tho ankles of the unfor
tunates who came under tho dlspleas
uro of the authorities. Prisoners of
times sleep there now. but they find it
plei'so, hut pronounce It "The Ohio
Tav'Tiie." New York Press.
At a meeting of tho Philadelphia
Presbytery a few days ago a resolu-'
Hon was adopted to tho effect that
hereafter no candidate for the ministry
shall he given a license to preach un
less he shall have been under tho
charge of the Presbytery for one yoar
In exceptional cases tho candidate may6
he admitted j-ooner on the concurrence
of three-fourths of the Presbytery.
The Spanish nay Is now among tho
smallest or the sea powers of the world.
At ono time, more than a century
ago. It was among the greatest.
Powered by Open ONI