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About The Red Cloud chief. (Red Cloud, Webster Co., Neb.) 1873-1923 | View Entire Issue (Nov. 3, 1899)
Red Cloud Chief.
Droad assertions arc apt to (all Hat.
Flowery speeches do not always In
dtcate budding genius.
It Is strange but true that today will
bo yesterday tomorrow.
Tolling one He will ruin the effect of
twenty years of honesty.
Scholars arc supposed to extract tho
honey of life from tho archives.
There Is o time for everything, but
tho cheap watch seldom Indicates It.
Tho rose soon fades, but tho thorn
continues to do business at tho old
The banana peel has- contributed
much toward making tho law of gravl
Pride and poverty arc often seen to
gether, but they can hardly be called
birds of a feather.
An old bachelor says the average
woman's mouth Is so ,imall that It
doesn't pAiA her tongtie.,
One who Is supposed to know says
thcro Isjjuat about tho tame real feel
tag when girls or billiard balls kiss
A Ncw'York medical society Is very
enthusiastic over goat's lymph as a
cure for,. Insanity. Tho ordinary in
dlvldualwlll ho disposed to try goat's
milk awhile In preference.
Kaiser Wllhelm has contracted for a
sailing yacht, and has given orders
that tho boat must bo tho fastest that
unlimited funds can build. Can It bo
possible that tho kaiser Intends to go
after tho American cup next year?
"If you open lire on the town I shall
proceed to shell your works," was tho
short, sharp and emphatic mcusngo
sent by the American consul nt Puerto
Cahclla to tho Venezuelan Insurgents
who threatened to bombard that city.
Tho cruiser Detroit was In tho harbor
ready to translate tho words Into ac
tion. Tho natives, needless to say.
obeyed. It Is now known far and wide
that American gunners hit what they
Wireless telegraphy Is likely to bo
tho subject of litigation. Professor
Amos E. Dolbcar of Tufts collcgo de
clares that ho la tho discoverer of wire
less telegraphy nnd ho proposes tak
ing steps to prevent Marconi from In
fringing on his rights. Professor Dol
bcar 1b prepared to ohow that ho holds
nnd controls tho United States patent
on tho whole art of wlrolcBs tolegraphy
nnd wiroless telephony. Ills patent
was granted In 1880. According to
Professor Dolhcar'H statement ho was
sending messages for a dlstanco of a
mllo and n half without tho uso of a
wlro when Marconi was only 8 years
Tho Now England Educational
leaguo Is urging tho electric railways
to follow tho example of Springfield
nnd Toronto by providing half-fares
for school pupils. It Is claimed that
more children than adults can bo car
ried In a car, that they would rldo at
hours when other travel Is light and
that tho companies would find their
advantago In tho numbers and regu
larity of this class of passengers.
President Eliot of Harvard thinks the
location of secondary schools should
bo determined by accessibility rather
than by local boundaries; and ho ndds
thnt fifteen miles by rnll Is eusl'cr than
two miles nfoot on n country road.
A French savant has published an
Interesting paper In which nn expla
nation Is solicited of the formation of
clouds, threads nnd crystals ;lint arc
produced in tho so-called chemical or
camphor barometer which consists of
a solution in alcohol of equal parts,
of three substances, nttrato of potash,
camphor nnd hydrochlornto of am
monia, when tho glass tube that con
tains tho solution Is hermetically scal
ed and the variations of temperature
to which it is subjected havo no in
fluence on tho phenomenon. In English-speaking
countries this form of
bnrometer, under tho namo of "tho
farmers' weather glass," "tho domestic
barometer" or some other equally mis
leading tltlo, Is found everywhere. In
sonio forms thcro Id but llttlo apparent
change- in tho cleirnnss of tho liquid
from tho beginning tc tho end of tho
year. In other instruments tho cryB
tala of camphor, from day to day, as
sume different forms, which, however
interesting they mny bo to observe
nnd study, hnve nothing to do with tho
wenthsr and storms, nnd but little with
tho current temperature. Skilled me
teorologists know that for their pur
pose, as well as for that of tho farmer,
these Insirumonts nro of no valuo, but
to the student of molecular physics
they aro well worth an Investigation,
Tho battleship Kearsargo on her offi
cial speed trial ovor tho Capo Ann
courso Sept, 25 averaged 1C.84 knots
an hour. On tho outward run of thirty
three knots alio averaged 17.32 knots,
with smooth sea and wind abeam. On
the return she averaged 1C.37 knots
against a head wind, Tho contract re
quirement was sixteen knots. It is to
tho credit of the Kearsargo that her
relative spoed, with 600 less horse
power, and 3S0 tons greater displace
ment, was approximately equal to that
of the Iowa, although tho lattor on her
trial made 17.02 for an average."" '"
Americans Squelch Incipient
Uprising at Iloilo,
CHIEF CONSPIRATOR CAPTURED
Unit Taken Oath of Allegiance, lint
l'rnvetl FaNe to the Trunt Imported
In Illru Insurrection of HUay
in Nipped In the Hud.
A Manila special dated October 57, 0
p. in. hays: M. Rupcrto Santiago, one
of tho wealthiest lllsayans, who had
taken the oath of nljcglenco to tho
United States nnd who posed as n
friend of Americans, has been nrrested
at Hollo, while other Hlsnynns nro be
ing watched. The prisoner is charged
with organizing- a revolutionary junta.
It Is asserted that n council of tea and
the manager of tho junta met dally nt
Santiago's office for the purpose of en
gineering nn extensive scheme of Col
lections for an Insurrection. One of
Santiago's steamers was captured car
rying supplies to tho rebels. His ar
rest caused rumors of an outbreak of
the natives of Iloilo and precautions
have been taken to prevent trouble.
A battalion of tho Eighteenth regi
ment and the marines of the gunbont
Concord form nn expedition at Concep
tion, northern Panay, which is search
ing for tho Concord's coxswain, who
Was lured ashore by a white ilag and
who Is supposed to bo n prisoner.
They found the place deserted, and
burned every house as n punishment.
Oct. 28. 10 n. in. General Young's
column, which left San Isldro yester
day morning nt daybreak, moving
northward in the direction of Santa
Itosn, encountered tho enemy strongly
entrenched just beyond the Tuboatin
river. A brisk light ensued nnd the
reln-ls were repulsed. Two Americans
wire killed and one wounded. Pursuit
was impossiuic on account oi me
width and depth of thu stream.
The war department has received
the following from Manila under dale
of October 27:
Adjutant General, Washington: In
surgent government submitted appli
cation to send live commissioners to
Manila to arrange difficulties attending
release of Spanish stele prisoners and
discuss peace conditions. Declined; no
negotiations necessary, as we would
gladly receive all Spanish prisoners at
our lines, welcome them from their
cruel captivity and labor for their
welfnre. Correspondence by mall.
The following cablegrams havo been
received at the war department from
Lnwton advanced, under Young,
north of San Isldro, near Cabanatuan.
Established permanent station, three
months supplies being forwarded by
San Juan river route. Lnwton meets
llttlo reslstence. Twenty-stxtb volun
teers and battalion Nineteenth infan
try scut to Iloilo.
Tho hospital ship Relief has arrived
at Manila. Sho reports tho disappear
ance at sen of Lieut. Robert I). Carmo
dy who went to Guam with thu marine
battalion on the Yosemlte when Cap
tain Lear was sent out as governor to
take possesion of the occurrence. Lieu
tenant Carmody was taken aboard at
Guam, presumably sick and on orders
home or else on a furlough. It is
thought he may have Jumped overboard
Death nf tlencral Henry.
Urlgadicr General Guy V. Henry, U.
S. A., late military governor of Porto
lllco, died a few minutes before 4
o'clock Friday morning at his home,
139 Madison avenue, New York, of
pneumonia, aged sixty years, lie had
been unconscious for several hours an
his end was peaceful. At his bedside
were all thu members of his family ex
cept his son, Capt. Guy V. Henry, who
Is in the Philippines.
l(i After the CoufcMnr.
A Stillwater, Minn., special of Octo
ber 28 says: Warden Wolfer has jiibt
received letters from J. F. Ward, city
attorney nt Osawatomlu, Kas., and J.
C. Dort, county attorney of Pawnee
county, Nebraska, saying they aro pre
paring to begin criminal proceedings
against Jesse C. Mcliride, the confessed
murderer, upon his rclensu from the
llelleve Anilreo U Alive.
Evelyn It. Italdwln, thu Artlo ox
ploier and observer In tho United
States weather bureau, who has been
assigned to duty nt Mobile, Ala., has
arrived from Washington. Holms just
received n letter from Captain Ernst
Andrec of Sweden, brother of the Po
lar aeronaut. Tho letter expresses be
lief in his brother's safety.
Legal IIuiibIhk at Auitln, Tciui.
A Saturday bpeelal from Austin,
Tex., says: Samuel Watrous, ono of
the murderers of C. W. Engberg and
his wife, was hanged in tho jail yard
hero today, lleforo dying Watrous
Bald he was going to heaven. James
Davidson, convicted of tho same crime,
will be banged on November 24.
Two Union St In cm Hhot.
Tho first bloody light of the coal
miners' strike at Decatur, 111., which
was declared seven weeks ugo, occurred
Saturday. Two union miners wero
shot, ono fatally.
As four non-union men, accompanied
by a guard of twelve policemen nnd
six deputy sheriffs, wero about to enter
tho shaft they wore accosted by llyo
union miners, who asked them to stay
out. One of tho four non-union men
for answer made u motion as if to
strike a union man with a club. In
stantly thcro was u light and two
hots wero fired.
HAS NO NEW FEATURES
The South African Hllnatlon Contain
According to a London dispatch of
the 28th, the war situation presents no
new features. It is presumed In Natal
thnt the Hoers aro reconstructing their,
plans nnd thnt the English are resting,
but telegrams from Lndysmith at ex
press rates still occupy fortyeighti
hours In transmission to London, andj
therefore it Is not Impossible thnt
something Is happening. The special'
dispatches assert that Colonel linden
Powell, the Hrltlsh commander at!
Mafeklng, is awaro that Pretoria has
General Cronjn orders to stay his hand,)
as already there is quite enough to em
ploy bin Hoers In Natal.
The government has chartered tho
City of Home as a hospital ship. Ac
cording to tho latest account of tho
ilrst battle nt Gleneoe, the Itoer nrmy,
nmountcd to 7,000 men, nnd about noon
nnother army utmost as large, under
General .loubert, ndvaneed within six
thousand yards of Gleneoe camp and
Commenting upon the petition t
President Mckinley, promoted by the
X?n.a Vrittl. Wtfirl.l 11 . M a til. lVul"
ollleesof the United States bo offeree
In settling the differences between
Great llritaid and the Transvaal, tho
London Standard says:
'We very much doubt whether tha
Washington government will at all
appreciate the suggestion, but In any
case it is as well for those whom it
concerns, and particularly 'for those
whom It does not concern, to under
stand that the Transvaal question la
one which exclusively affects ourselves
and which we propose to settle with
out assistance or Intervention of any
The government hns gratefully ac
cepted the offer of the American women
In England to equip the steamer Malnu
as a hospital ship for use in South Af
Cantro Not HecoRnlzed.
A Caracas, Venezuela, dispatch of
Friday says: The foreign minister
met at the American legation and de
cided not to recognize tho Castro ad
ministration without instructions from
their respective governments.
President Andrade has cabled from
Harlmdocs, where be arrived recently,
to the commander at Puerto Cabello to
defend that city against General Castro
to the last extremity.
Coro nnd Mnracalboy have surrend
ered to General Castro. Other reigns
Imluiitrlat (School for lloya.
A Santiago do Cuba special, under
date of October 28, says: General Leon
ard Wood Issued tin order today estab
lishing an industrial school for boys,
orphans of Cuban soldiers, in the Span
ish military hospital, which was aban
doned by the American troops Inst
June. Some two hundred boys will re
ceive instruction In various trades and
education In elementary branches.
Competent American teachers will bi
Dewey's Homo Turned Over.
The house on Rhode Islnnd avenue,
Washington, recently purchased by tho
popular people for Admiral Dewey on
subscription, was formally turned over
to htm Saturday by Assistant Secretary
Vanderllp of the Dewey home com
mittee. The purchase price was about
S."0,000. Two subscriptions were re
ceived Friday whlcli completed tho
payment, Including tho expenses Inci
dent to the project.
Clcnrgla Negro Lynched.
John Goesby, a negro, was lynched
at Reagan's Hill, about six miles from
Macon, G.i., last Friday night by u
mob from Twiggs county. Goesby, a
few days ago, provoked a dlttluulty
with his employer, John Robinson,
which resulted In the negro cutting
Robinson's throat. Robinson's neigh
bors pursued Goesby and he was cap
tured at his father s house nenr Macon.
Robinson will probably recover.
Civil (ioiornor Ilealcna.
Gen. Ruts Rivera has resigned tho
civil governorship of the province of
Havana. The post has been offered to
Gen. Emlllo Nunc., but his friends sny
they doubt that he will accept. In ex-,
planatlon of General Rivera's restgna-'
Hon It is said his nominations havu not
received the recognition duo them.
Kntry Hold for Cancellation.
Secretary Hitchcock Friday atllnned
thu land olllee decision in the ease of
James S. Leonard against Orren A.
Shafter, from ttie Allianeu district of
Nebraska. Shutter's timber dulturo
entry is held for cancellation on tho
ground that he failed to comply with
tho law as to planting.
Test of Wlreles Hyitein.
Tho navy department on Thursday
began a series of experiments with tho
Marconi system of wireless telegraphy
with the object of determining its
practicability for general use for naval
purposes on sea and laud. Thu experi
ments will extend over a period of bev
Taut Jone' Grave.
The gravo of Capt. John Paul Jones
has not been located by tho govern
ment, through Its Inquiries of tho em
bassy In tho French capital. He die
on July 18, 1792, In Paris, and was
burled with highest honors by tho
French government, but tho place of
his burial cannot now be determined.
1'lgeoD, I-ay Tno Kfff.
Deforo beginning to hatch a plgeoa
lays two aggs, and they Invariably
produce a male and a female. Kxper-lmbnts-'have
demonstrated that the egg
first laid produce a mala.
YORK GERjip lid!
Denver Lady Leaves $10,000
for York City Library
GIFT COMES S A COMPLETE SURPRISE
Mr. G. -Wooilf, who I.oft tho Legacy,
win Never a Itcildent of York, but
Hat Tiro Hon Kngui-cri In lim
ine In That City,
It hni just been announced that in n
.vlll left by Mrs. O. W. Woods, who
lied recently at Denver, u bequest of
JIO.OOO is made to the city of York for
the purpose of building and assisting
to equip a city library. It Is under
stood that SS.OOOof the amount Is for
the building and the remaining 82,000
for books. The generous bequest comes
as a great surprise to York people, as
tho deceased womaa has never been a
resident of that place. Two sons are
here, however, promtnentty engaged In
the clothing business, and it was while
visiting at that city thnt she formed so
strong an attachment for York. The
matter has been laid before the city
council, nnd it is likely that that body
will take suitable action at the proper
time toward the purchase of a good lo
cation. York already has one of tho
best city libraries in the state, and this
hadsome gift comes as a most accepta
ble addition to the library fund.
BUTTER MAKERS UP IN ARMS
Take Htept to Enforce the l'ure Food
Law of the State.
Prominent butter-makers interested
n the enforcement of the food commis
sion law passed by the last legislature
met recently in Lincoln and took meas
ures to employ counsel to represent
thorn in the ense soon to be placed be
fore the supreme court. An agreed
case was submitted to one or two mem
bers of the court some time ago, but as
all were not present the court took no
action on the request for leave to lile
the ease. The desired leave will prob
ably be granted November 8, when the
court will convene.
Tho manufacturers of olcomargerlne
nro said to have employed counsel qnd
will ask representation iu the case.
The attorney general hns given his
consent for them to appear in the ease
and be beard. This being true, it is
expected that the stilt will develop into
a contest between the butter-makers of
the state and the manufacturers of oleo
living In other states. At present there
are no manufacturers of oleo In Ne
braska. FEEL SURE HE IS THE MAN
Table Itock Cltlivim nro Certain Mr-
Ilrlde's Con f cm Ion l True.
A recent letter from the warden of
vhe state penitentiary at Stillwater,
Minn., to M. H. Mnrble of Pawnee City
leaves little doubt In the minds 'of tho
people that thu confession of Convict
Mcliride alias Hullock is true, and that
Mcliride is thu man who shot nnd
killed Marshal Nicholas A. Craig at Ta
ble Rock in 181M. So strong Is the be
lief tltat the confession is true that the
authorities will take steps to secure
his detention and prosecution at the
end of his prison term in Minnesota.
Marshal Craig was killed on the night
of September 20, 1SD0,
A FUh Htory.
When something became wrong with
the big water wheel at the light plant
in Ulttc Springs tho other evening. It
was supposed thnt drift wood coming
down with the high water had clogged
the wheel up and It was shut down to
bo cleaned out, but to the surprise of
those who started to clean tho wheel
It was found to be full of fish of the
buffalo and cat variety, weighing from
ten to forty pounds, more than 'four
hundred pounds being taken out.
Hccoml Bhy a Colonel.
The removal of Colonel A. E. Camp
bell to Denver will cause a vacancy in
the llbt of otllcers of the Second regi
ment, Nebraska national guard. Colo
nel Campbell has been given a month's
leave of absence, but it is understood
that his resignation will follow, be
cause bis residence In Denver will
probably be permanent. The plncc
when vacated will be filled by election
In Clutches of the Law.
William Miller, accused of burglar
izlng the postofllce nt Mernn, broko
jail at Ilrokcn How, accompanied by
Hart Olsen, who had been held on the
ehnrge of petty larceny. Deputy Mar
shals Palmer and Harbor pursued the
fugitives to a point near Indianola and
caught them, thu chase having been
ubout 170 miles.
At Lincoln Next Time.
George II. Haskell, of the llcatrici
Creamery company, who is attending
the meeting of tho executive commit
tee of thu National Hutter-makcrs' as
sociation at Elgin, 111., has wired that
tho board has decided to hold the next
nnnunl association meeting in Lincoln,
from February 10 to 23, The meeting
will bu held in the auditorium.
J'ure Food Law In Court.
Tho Armour Packing company of
South Omaha has appeared in tho fed
eral court at Omaha to ask for an in
junction to restrain Governor Poynter,
Deputy Food Commissioner Hlbbard,
the county attorney, and T. C. Mungcr,
o Lincoln attorney, from Interfering
with that portion of Its business which
pertains to tho manufacture and salo
of butterine. A temporary writ has
been granted and arguments for a per
manent order will bo heard on Novem
ber 8. The suit is tho result of tho ar?
rest of some grocers who nv becu
handling the Armour goods.
COCHRAN SUSTAINS BOYLE
Appeal Cae Derided Against Neville In
I.nnc.iter County Court.
In the county court of Lancaster
county Judge Coehrnn signed unorder
Tuesday in the appeal case brought by
Juan Uoyle from tho ruling of the sec
retary of state on the matter of allow
ing Judge Neville's name to appear on
tho ballots as the democratic candidate
in the Sixth congressional district.
The court finds that the certificate
made and filed with the secretary of
statu was made without authority and
Is null nnd voitl nnd that the objections
nnd protests filed by Juan Itoylo
against said certificate should stand.
Tho respondent inadu objections to
the order nnd formally asked thnt the
evidence be all included in the bill of
exceptions. A supersedeas bond was
also asked for. It is not known that
tho secietary of state will appeal as he
has already certified the name of Judge
Neville to the county clerks a demo
cratic candidate. As the time before
the printing of the ballots Is so short,
the probability Is that where tho
change is effected, suits will have to
be instituted in the different counties
to enforce the decision of Judge Coch
ran. It is not an injunction and can
not bo construed nn such.
NOW IN ITS NEW QUARTERS.
Lincoln Ilranrh of Western Newspaper
Union Attain In Operation. '
The Lincoln branch of the Western
Newspaper Union, which was one of
the establishments burned out in tho
recent Jblg fire In'the capital city, is
again, in running order with a complete
new plant, and is supplying the ready
print wants of its customers in better
shape than ever. The fire occurred on
September 10, and just one month later
the new plant was' started up In its
new location. llli'N street, which has
been leased for five years. Lincoln
citizens generally commend the enter
prise shown by this institution, and
are not slow to appreciate thu fact of
such a splendid institution remaining
iu tho city. The institution employs
about twenty-five people. The com
pany carried a complete stock of sta
tionery previous to the fire but deemed
it advisable to eliminate that branch
for the prcneut at least devoting all
nttention to the betterment, if possi
ble, of the ready-print feature.
STATE RECEIVES PAYMENT
Check for Over 814,000 For Mobilizing
Governor Poynter received n check
Tuesday for 31 l,u'Jil.sr. The cheek rep
resents onu of the payments of thu
general government to reimburse the
state of Nebraska for the expense in
curred in the mobilization of the .Ne
braska national guard at Camp Thomas
in Lincoln. Most of the money will go
to the railroads for transportation.
The First and Second regiments, Ne
braska national guard, were mobilized
and entered the service of the govern
ment nnd each regiment did the work
assigned. The cheek wir. issued by the
treasury department and was forward
ed through tho war department. In
this payment is included thu cost of
subsistence, pay of oilloers and men
nnd other accounts, nnd transportation
for troops to Camp Thomas from their
home stations and also transportation
for a certain class back to their homes.
HE IS CHARGED WITH RAPE
Young Mnn of Fremont Assaults a I.lttlo
In response to urgent telegrams Win.
Jordan, a resident of Fremont was ar
rested and held nt Central City Tuesday
afternoon charged with the crime of
rape. Edward Lawson claims Jordan
committed rape on thu person of his
slx-yenx'-old daughter as site was com
ing home from school. The little one
is In a serious condition. Lawson re
sides three miles west of Fremont. Jor
dan will be taken back to Fremont un
der guard. Ho Is not yet out of his
He Cued u Knife.
At Fremont, Tuesday, F. F. llrown
was attacked by Will Evans, a beet
worker, and stabbed four or five times,
his wounds being of a nature not very
serious. Mr. llrown says that the
young fellow, who Is only a little over
sixteen years old, was employed by
him to work in tho field cutting off the
tops of beets. When he discharged
him, the young man did not take it
very well, and assaulted hlin with a
knife wltlt thu above result.
Will Make Freifteil Ilrlck.
S. W. Hurnham, of tho Yankco Hill
Hriek company, at Yankee Hill, in
Lancaster county, announces thnt he
has lecently established the fact that
pressed brick of thu finest quality can
be made at his yavds southwest of tho
city, at tho old Stockwcll plant. He Is
now nrranging for a large Increase of
capacity during tho winter, and his
new machinery will include apparatu
for making pressed brick.
For Chartcr-Diiy Aililre.
The first chancellor of the Nebraskn
state university, Dr. A. R. Ronton of
Irving ton, lnd., has been invited to
deliver tho charter day address. It is
bincerely hoped that he may accept.
Mmt of tho Money Kecovereil.
Tho Lincoln police havs accounted
for about 81 10 of thu 81110 taken from
Mrs. Hulda Sehroeder by her son nnd
recklessly spent In buying firearms and
toys. Tuesday Mrs. bchrocder and her
son Henry who stolo her money, and
Sergeant Hathaway, visited the various
stores where tho boy had made pur
chases and secured tno return of a pint
of tho money by returning tho goods.
The saloon of Etnll Lucck at Stan
ton was robbed Tuesday night. The
safe was blown open and 8110 taken.
Entrance was effected by breaking
Into thu side door. k
PLAN TO inniOATE A VAST
Seventy Million of Acre Itctwenii tho
MUsourl Itltor ami Ilia Kocky Mouu
tulu to Ho Drought Under Cultiva
tion. A scheme to engage tho United States
Government in the business of reclaim
ing tho great body of arid lands be
tween the Missouri river and the Rocky
mountains will certnlnly not go
through without opposition. It Is al
ready urged that for tho government to
add 70,000,000 tillable ucres to the land
already In cultivation would create a
competition with tho present agricul
turists, lower the price of prodi.co
and work untold evils. There Is no
occasion for alarm. It will make sur
veys and measurements and reports
and publish many tons of rending
matter about Irrigation and the water
supply from the heavens above and tins
earth beneath and tho reservoirs un
der the earth, but tho United HUtes.
will never directly and by Its own
means make any present desert to
bloom as the rose. Yet, without the
aid of the federal government or any
other government a great proportion,
of the 70,000,000 acres will, In tho
courso of a century or so, be trans
formed, because man Is Impelled to
that sort of work by what seems n
strange fascination. He is seldom sat
isfied with tho fertile nnd productive
acres which aro already his. Ho wishes
to reclaim or restore 'something. The
swamp that may be productive by the
use of Its own weight In fertilizers; tho
sandy plateau that may be enriched by
plowing under green and growing veg
etationthese visions will not let the
agricultural conquerer sleep. This In
domitable and aggressive American
character, not the government of tho
United States, will settle the arid land
question. The word has gone out that
these lands possess all the natural ele
ments of fertility, nnd all they lack Is.
water, nnd the reply has como back,
that they shall have the one thing
needful. While the government has
been surveying nnd reporting and pub
lishing pamphlets on the various sys
tems of Irrigation employed In the
lower Nile and upper Congo and tho
citizens have been divided Into two
campB, one abusing tho government for
not Irrigating nnd the other for think
ing of engaging In irrigation next, tho
practical part of the business has been,
begun by Individuals and private cor
porations. Hundreds and thousands of
miles of ditches have been constructed
In California without any government
aid, and the Mormons have saved, by
work and water, countless acres that
before would not have supported tho
family of a katydid. Tho American Is
not, like tho ancient Egyptian or mod
ern Mexican, a natural born irrigator.
Ho has not been brought up to tho
business, but If It must bo done and It
pays, and as there nre only 70,000.000
acres to ho attended to, he will look
after It, nnd the government can help
or let It alone. Kansas City Star.
It Win I.ott Over n Century nnd a Halt
A ring containing nn engraved
stone was recently offered for salo to
the medal department of tho National
Library, and on close scrutiny, says
tho London Post, tho curator recogniz
ed the gem as tho famous loat "Tri
umph of Fontenoy," left by testament
of. Mme. do Pompadour to tho medal
department. Tho ring had disappeared
on tho marquise's death and was sup
posed to havo been lost forever, when
chanco brought it to tha very spot
whero It would havo been had Mme.
do Pompndour's will been carried out.
The "Triumph of Fontenoy" Is one ol
tho first works the engraver Jacques
Guay executed for Mme. do Pom
padour. Tho favorite possessed con
siderable skill In painting and engrav
ing on precious stones. Sho chose
Jacques Guay for master, took him to
Ven-atllcs, and Installed him in her
npnrtments, whero ho gnvo her lessons
nnd also executed a series of engrav
ings representing tho principal events
of the reign of Louts XV. There U
llttlo chnnco of discovering through
what hands the "Triumph of Fonte
noy" has passed since it disappeared
150 years ago. It has Just come from
Poland, nnd precise Information cnn
not, It seems, bo obtained.
An Improved Electrle Trnnivrny.
t ne city of Tours, in France, has an
electric tramway free from tho un
sightly trolley poles. It is constructed
on tho Dlatto system, the main cable
running underground, and tho current
being transmitted to tho enrs by a se
ries of contacts, level with the ground,
between tho rails. Tho cars nro pro
vided with an electro-magnetic de
vice, suspended beneath, which, at
each contact, lifts a metal pin dipping
Into a mercury cup nnd connecting
with tho main cable. Tho contacts nro
separated by a distance less than tho
length of tho car frame, and thus a
continuous current is supplied through
them to tho car motor as It mover
Arctic F.iploror a Ilonlface.
Dr. Nanscn has settled down as a
Norwegian squire and sportsman, and
is now n inembor of tho great land
owning class. His possessions, which
coBt a considerable sum, Ho on tho
borders of Telomarken, to tho south
of Lynkopf, one of tho highest sum
mits of that district. He has becomo
owner of a large hotel, which was
built some years ngo for summer tour
ists, but will now serve as his pri
vate residence. He has also acquired
a number of surrounding farms and
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