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About The Red Cloud chief. (Red Cloud, Webster Co., Neb.) 1873-1923 | View Entire Issue (April 7, 1899)
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THE BJED' CLOUD CHIEF.
FOR WOMAN AND HOME
ITEMS OF INTEREST FOR MAIDS
Bo mo Note of the Modes (In trim for
gmtllng" Spring The Uhalllo House
Gown Hot C'nkc for UrcHkfatt Chil
When you nro old, and I am eld,
And Passion's llres arc burned to cm
bets, And Life Is as a talc that's told,
And only worth what Lovo remembers,
It we should meettwo quiet folk
Ami change opinions of the, weather,
Could word or look again provoke
Tho hcait and eyes to speuk together
The heart benumbed with to much ache,
The eyes hcdlmmed with bo much cry
ing? Do bulls long blighted every break.
And green tho vino already dying?
What hand nf skill shall draw the line
Twlxt sordid love and holler mission?
What art shall llx tho unfailing sign,
And bring Its reading Into fashion?
What Is the meaning of It all,
The chastening woe, tho vanished
If dark Oblivion's night shall fall
Forever on Its Incompleteness?
When you arc dead, and I am dead,
Our fuces lost, our names unspoken,
Shall then the mystery be read?
Can Heaven bind what Karth has brok
en? In clearer light and fairer day.
With llntr sense the Impulse proving,
Unfettered of this hindering cluy,
Oh, what must be the Joy of loving!
Kllot C. True.
The Children' Saving.
Tho children should be encouraged
to keep their Rmall savings In tho lit
tle Individual banks that come for that
purpose. It teaches a child to take
care of his money and not to spend it
foolishly. Hut is it not a mistake to
teach a child that the money he saves
Is for himself alone, and to add at
the end of each year tho sum already
in trust for him In tho "grown people's
savings bank?" In one family each
child has two banks. For tho first six
months of tho year the pennies col
lected by every child go Into ono of
his safes, the contents of which nre to
ho put aside for the small owner until
he shnll be a man to help start him
in business or his profession, or to aid
in putting him through college should
the parents' fund fall. All tho coins
collected during the second half of the
year are put Into bank number two,
which is snered to Christmas and birth
day money. Just before tho holidays
and tho family blrthdayB every ono of
tho second class of banks Is opened and
the money It contains given to the
Email child to whom It belongs, so
that he may, with his own savings,
purchaso gifts for those ho loves. Along
life's pathway there are many tempta
tions to selfishness, and we cannot too
early therefore begin to train our lit
tle ones in practical truism, in self
denial, that others may bo happy.
Cballle House down.
This charming costume Is one of the
pretty Imported French chnllle3,
J trlmmeu with velvet. It s3S a douhlo
eklrt, bo becoming to tall and slender
figures, and clings to the figure In a
most graceful way by reason
of Its Tt
soft China silk lining. Soft linings
are preferred now to the stiff taffetas
eo long popular. Tho bodice nnd gir
dle rue caught at tho left with larg
fancy buckles. The Lnteat.
(loitm fnr Mllil Spring
Yokes ore a feature of spring gowns.
Some are made entirely of lace, soino
of velvet nnd ribbon, or silk and rib
bon, and not a few, especially those
for evening wear, are btudded with
beads nnd mock gems. An attractive
walking toilet Is shown here devel
oped in striped French flannel. The
stripes are black, upon a background
of electric blue. The skirt Is close-fitting
around tho hips, with tho fullness
gnthered at the back. These gathers
arc arranged with special care as to
evenness, so that the beauty of outline
is preserved In the Hare. The bodice is
a snug-fitting affair, trimmed with
black velvet bands around tho waist,
with a voko of the same material. The
belt Is decorated with cut steel buckles.
Hands of light-blue ribbon run cross
wise the yoke nnd sleeves, which show
n tendency to have more fullness at the
shoulders. The hat is of light chipped
straw trimmed with feathers and flow
ers. Helen Grey-Page.
Hot Cakes for ISreakfast.
Knglish Muflins. One quart of flour,
one-half teaspoonful of sugar, ono tea
spoonful of salt, two teaspoonfuls of
baking powder, one and one-quarter
pints of sweet milk. Have batter a
little stiffer than for griddle cakes.
Have a griddlo hot and grease, lay
greased mufllus ring on It, fill them
half full, and turn when risen to tho
top with cake turner. Do not bake too
brown. When done, pull apart, toast
slightly, and butter. Serve at once.
German Puffs. One pint of sweet
milk, one-half pound of flour, two
ounces of butter and four eggs,
Separate tho eggs and beat "if
yolks until thick; warm the butter and
milk until the butter Is melted; when
cold, stir In slowly the yolks of tin
eggs; mix with the flour. Whisk tin.
whites dry, stir through very lightly,
and bake In buttered cups not half
Oatmeal Gems. Ono pint of cooked
oatmeal, ono pint of sweet milk, four
tablespoonfuls of sugar, two beaten
eggB, one tablespoonful of salt, two ta
blespoonfuls of melted butter, two tea
spoonfuls of baking powder, and
enough flour to stick together.' Bako
In hot gem pans in quick oven.
Breakfast Muflins. Ono cup of su
gar, ono egg, ono tablespoonful of
melted butter, ono pint of sweet m'.lk,
three cups of flour, two teaspoonfuls of
baking powder, one tablespoonful ol
Pop-Overs. One egg, white and yolk
beaten separately, one cupful of sweet
milk, ono cupful of flour, and a plncb
of salt. Bako twenty minutes.
by'i First Teeth.
To preserve tho first set of teeth
from decay, wash tho teeth with luko
warm water containing a little borax,
and brush with a soft brush directly
after each meal. Children should not be
nllowed to eat sweets on an empty
stomach. It Is most Important to pre
serve the first set of teeth from decay,
as, If they are not retained up to tho
proper period, tho second set uro npf
to bo defective.
Nearly a quarter of all cases of In
sanity aro hereditary.
Ms Br mb -
rnirii nnn PfiiJNWT? f
llUh JlJil LUllli!i lit
A Tew l.rMonn In Natural lllitiirj An
Interesting I'Uli from tlii Const uf
Alabama llio llrent Strength ol
A I.ary liny.
In the middle o the winter, when a
spring day comes along,
An' the meddrr dreams of Mowers, an
the birds brink out In song,
Then 1 has tho huzy, daisy, lazy feeling,
an' I pltio ,
Tor tho green banks of a river Jug
o' ball, un' llshin' line!
In the middle o' the winter when tho
clouds from roun' you loll
An" the sunshine sen's the summer link-
lin'. twlnklln' thiough yer soull
Then It's In the ole tlntu orchurds an' tho
llcl's 1 longs to be,
Whar tho breeze kin blow the blossoms
In u uhowcr over met
llut then. I feels so lazy, cf a llsh pulled
strong an' stout,
An' made the lod Jest nod an" nod, and
RU'Ih1iiiI til., linn nrlifillt.
1 reckon that I'd blamo him fer dlsturbhi
of my rtst,
An' lay then.' dreamln'. dreamln' with the
blossoms on my breast I
Intercut lnj risli from Alabama t'uml.
In November, 1S!)S, tlio United States
llsh commission received from Col. 1).
12. linger, u well-known business man
of Mobile, Ala., a specimen of llsh that
was not only strange to the local fish
ermen, but had never before been ob
served on the United States coast, so
far as available records show. The
llsh had been taken about twenty miles
south of Mobllo harbor. The form of
the species Is so characteristic that Its
identity Is readily discernible, though
few students of fishes have ever had an
opportunity to examine fresh speci
mens, it lias no vernacular name ex
cept Cuban ono tlnosa; It In, however,
a snecles of crovallo or cavally. of
which there are Fnveral common rep
resentatives along tho Atlantic sea
board, and It bears the technical name
of Caranx lugubrls.
The accompanying drawing, based on
tho specimen referred to, gives a good
Idea of tho general form of the spe
cies. The btoad body Is much com
pressed, ns In other members of tho
genus. The large, deep head presents
a swelling on tho median line above
and a projecting snout. Tho mouth is
largo and tho llsh is evidently vora
cious feeder. The teeth, whllo not
prominent, arc numerous and of varied
shapes. In the upper Jaw there are
two distinct tows, tho Inner forming
a vllllform band, while the outer are
largo nnd conical; in the lower Jaw
there Is a tow of largo conical teeth
Interspersed with smaller ones; furth
ermore, there are teeth on tho tongue,
tho vomer and the palatine bones. The
largo eye is provided with a fatty eye
lid. Both tho second dorsal and tho
nnnl fins nre falcate, and the pectorals
nro exceedingly long nnd sickle shaped.
As to color, the entire body of this llsh
is a uniform sooty blnck, tho ventral,
anal and dorsnl fins being intensely
black. Tho usual length attained by
the species Is 1V6 feet; tho Alabama
specimen was a little more than two
This fish inhabits chiefly tho shores
of rocky, tropical islands, nnd Is found
on both tho east and west coasts of
tho western hemisphere. In the Pa
cific ocean It Is recorded from ono of
tho Kevillnglgedo Islands, lying off
Mexico. On the Atlantic coast it has
heretofore been observed only about
Cuba, but It will probably In time bo
found near other West Indian Islands,
Specimens supposed to bo this species
hnvc occasionally been taken at Asccn
slon Islnnd, in tho South Pacific, and
also in tho mid-Pacific. Tho fish
taken off Moblle.nearly COO miles north
of Cuba, was evidently a straggler from
The fish was first recognized as dis
tinct by the late Prof. Felipe Poey. of
Hnvana, nnd described by him from
Cuba, In 1SG0. It Is reported to bo
common about Cuba. Prof. Poey
chose nn appropriate name when he
designated this species lugubrls, mean
ing mournful, which applies to Its som
ber color, bad reputation, and supposed
irastronomlc effects. Like a number
of other fishes of tropical waters, it
Is reported to bo poisonous, and us
sale in Cuba has long been prohibited.
A related species (Caranx lattiB) has
from time Immemorial been excluded
from tho mnrkets of Cuba, and many
disastrous cases of Illness have been
attributed to its use. Singularly
enough, other species of this genus are
regarded as excellent food fishes, and
are extensively eaten In Florida and
other southern states.
The local name, tlnosn, meaning
scabby or scurvy, nnd hence anything
that Is repulsive or repugnant, ex
presses tho prevailing Idea regarding
the fish; tho dreaded disease, clguar
tera caused by eating poisonous llsh, Is
also associated with this species In the
popular mind. Poey himself, however,
does not appear to have shared tho
current belief, for ho writes that ho
has eaten the tlnosa and found It good.
Tho prejudice against tho species may
thus be unjust, or It Is posslblo that
the toxic properties ascribed to It de
pend not on any Inherent qualities of
the fish, but on ptomaines generated
by a particular kind of food or by the
rapid decomposition to which tho trop
ical fishes aro liable.
The Great Strength of Iteurt.
The strength of grizzly benrs Is nl
most beyond belief, says a hunter, In
Public Opinion. I have read about the
powerful muscles In tho nrntR of Afri
can gorillas, but nono comna.-ed with
those in tho arms and shoulders of
grizzly hears, i novo seen n gnziy
bear with one forepaw shot nto iibc
lcssncss pull Its own 1,100 prunds of
moat and bone up precipice, nnd per
form fentn of muscles that traluei
athletes could not do. t have seen
grizzly bears carrying tho carcasses
of pigs that must have weighed hoV
cnty pounds severnl miles across a
mountain side to their lnlrs, nnd 1
have henrd huntets tell of huvl ', seen
cows knocked down as If by a thun
derbolt with one blow from tho fore
paw of a bear. 'Ihrce summers ago I
spent the reason In the coast moun
tains near Hudson Hay, and one moon
light night 1 saw a big grizzly bear In
the act of canylng u dead cow homo
to her cub. 1 had u position on tho
mountain side where I could sco every
movement of the bear In the sparsely
timbered alley below me. The cren
turo carried the dead cow In her fore
paws for at least three miles, ncrois
jagged, sharp rocks ten feet high, over
fallen logs, around tho rocky mountain
sides, where even a Jackass could not
get a foothold, to a narrow trail up
the eteep mountain. She never stop
ped to rest a moment, but went right
nlorg. 1 followed, and Just about half
u mile from tho beast's lair 1 laid her
low. The heifer weighed at least 20Q
pounds and tho bear about 150.
Ren Aulmnls In Kresli Waters.
In the summer of 18!i0, Mr. A.
Low, of the Canndlan geological sur
vey, made a Journey through the cen
tral regions of Labrador und revealed
a large extent of new country. Ho
traveled north for t00 miles, using the
little rivers for his canoe when possl
blo and crossing many portages, lln
finally came to a lako fifty miles long
and from half n mllo to five mllos
wide. The lake stands 800 feet nbovo
the sea and Is about 100 miles from It.
Tho explorer's surprise was very great
when he discovered In this lake a large
number of sealn which nppeared to
be the common harbor aeals or a close
ly allied hpeeli'H. In other words, lie
found sea animals In a fresh water lako
fur frnin tho sen and lllcll ItllOVO It.
Ho learned that these animals arc
breeding inpldly In their fresh water
hnbltnt and that some of t lit in nro
killed every year by the Indians. Seal
Lako Is tho name he gave It.
His conclusion ns to how tho seals
enme to l.e In tho lako Is doubtlesa
correct. He found evidence all around
thnt this was part of the region that
was submerged by the sea In the
Champlain or lato glacial epoch. At
that time tho lake was undoubtedly
connected with the sea and when tho
land began to rise again, Mr. Low says,
tho seals "having found tho lake full
of llsh los-t their Inclination to return
to tho sea." So there they aro living
today rully adapted to their new condi
tions of life.
Similar Instances that are still more
remarkable have been found In recent
years. In the great Siberian lake, Bai
kal, which Ifi l.fiOO feet nbovo tho sea,
and hundreds of miles from It, aro nu
merous seals and u number of species
of marine crustaceans. Of coursc.they
never originated In fresh water nnd tho
only explanation is that they camo
Into the lake at tho time when nearly
tho whole of Slbcrin was belov sea
level. The depression filled by the lako
Is of enormous depth. The bottom In
some pnrts Is three-fourths of a mllo
below tho surface, and In thesu depth3
the sea animals continue to live and
thrive. They are undlstlngulshablo
from tho phoca foetlda of Spltzbcrgen
waters, and the people In the neighbor
hood eagerly hunt the animals for
their skins, which aro fold at largo
profit to Chinese traders.
Awhile ago a Biltlsh naturalist nam
ed Gunther dcclnred that ho had found
a number of marine animals In tho
waters of the central African lake,
Tanganyika, about 800 miles from the
sen. It has since been found that his
report was correct, for tho lako con
tains Jellyfish, numerous species of
molluskB, pi awns and protozoa of un
doubted marine derivation. A party
sent from Europe to specially study tho
lake's animal llfo brought homo un
doubted proofs of tho fact that Tan
ganyika was once connected with the
sen, that ocean animals then found
their way to tho lake, and when the
rising land cut off tho lnlnnd waters
from tho ocean the marine nnlmals,
adapting themselves to tho new condi
tions, continued to live and product)
their kind, In Lake Tanganyika.
Great Snowfall South.
Apropos of tho recent great storm
In the United States, It 1b stated that
near and north of Washington there
was a snowfall unparalleled for more
than a decade, though above Phila
delphia tho record was not broken in
respect to temperature But Washing
ton was not only burled In snow, her
temperaturo went lower than at any
other tlmo since tho United States
Weather Bureau was organized, In
lb72. Vlcksburg reported that tho
mercury went 4 degreen lower than tho
record for tho last thirty years, and
New Orleans beat herB by 9 degrees,
indeed, through that wldo extent of
tetrltory known no tho "South At
lantic and Gulf States," tho tompera
turo ranged from 2 to 10 degrees low
er than anything known Bluet tho
How Did Stie KnonT
Edith "Who were these people hero
this afternoon mamma?" Mamma
"Prof. Blghtad and his wife, dear. Tho
professor Is ono of tho best lnformed
men In the city." "How do you know
ho Is? He never opened 'his maath
once." Vonkcrs Statesman.
fineeted Too Loudly,
A Massachusetts farmer Is being
sued for sneezing so loud on the public
hlghwny ns to cnuse the plaintiff's
horse to run away.
FOR BOYS AND GJLRLS.
SOME COOD STORIES FOR OUR
In't Conundrum l'nrt; Kathteen O'Con
nor Tells mi Instructive Itnmsne for
Our Utile Headers The Wonderful
Menu Thill tlin Voting Duett llelivtil.
A Talrjr Grave.
Let a little grave be made,
Half In shallow, half In shade,
In a unlet, kindly place,
l-rlcndly as her lace.
Let the passing fairy bird
Ki'oui his airy height he heard;
liver, ever for that gi omul
Only gentle sound.
Let the singing winds, which bo
Winged dreams and melody,
Kinging softly, by her lie,
Hoftly singing, die.
Let the bee that's sucked tho bloom
Home win d Journey by her tomb,
And his tithe or sweet, bo paid
To her sweeter Bhudc.
Let the low clouds, red nnd gold,
Mourn her on the mountains old;
llcutity aye her guurdlan be,
You and melody.
Hlrlts of sound nnd souls of flowers,
All you dearest grlelless powers,
Vou, wlin whom she went away,
'lend her night mid day.
Jo's Conundrum Lunch.
"I waut a brand now sort of u pnrty,
mamsle," said Jo, as she sat down to
talk matters over with her mother.
"I'm nfrald, dear, that you'll hnvo to
do with ono new In this neighborhood.
I'm sure there nre no in ore brnnd
new parlies to be discovered In the
Then Mother Lnvvton pondered
deeply for a while, and at last said:
"1 havu It. Wo will give n conun
drum lunch. That Is old, but It Is
"I never henrd of one," Raid Jo.
"Oh, mnnisle, dear, tell mo about It.
I know It must bo splendid."
Then they put their heads together
md whispered mid laughed and Jotted
And through and through, tilLthe
Was bunched and crumpled and
gathered and drawn.
She seved and seved to the
end of her thread ;
Then, holding her work to view.
she said :
"This isn't a baby-dress, after all?
It's a bonnet for my littlest
Uxnnior Bnnvcrt STrnuKCt
In "St. Nicholas."
down notes on n slip of paper until
Ralph, who was trying to read by tho
window, threw down his book and ask
ed what It was all about.
"Just a party," said Jo, with a su
perior nod. "Mother and I uro going
to give It to entertain tho girls In my
class at Sunday school. There nre
nine of us, nnd you may Invito eight of
your particular friends."
"But what kind of a party?" asked
"A conundrum party," Bald Jo, with
a giggle, and no amount of question
ing or tensing could Induce her to say
any more about It.
Ralph, and. Indeed, all of tho Invited
guests, pnssed a great many useless
minutes In wondering what tho conun
drum wns, and on tho nppoluted even
ing every ono was there.
On enrds put up in various places
about tho parlor wero pasted conun
drums, and tho first hour was devoted
to finding nnBwers to them. The an
6W were written on a slip of paper,
and tho ono handing tho largest cor
rect list to Mrs. Luwton received a
dainty Bouvenlr. Tho next feature was
the composing of orlglnnl conundrums,
and for some tlmo eighteen young
people Bat In blank silence.
Making conundrums seems very easy
until ono begins. Tom Matthews fin
ally handed In ono that was voted tho
best. Hero is his rlddlo: "Two Span
lards wero blown up In nn explosion.
What nationality wero they when they
camo down? Answer Ono enmo down
a Russian (rushing), and tho other
struck a telegraph wlro and cninc down
Then each ono wns given a conun
drum, nd required to give nn Im
promptu speech accounting for Us
probable origin. Fred distinguished
himself In this contest. His conun
drum was: "Why Is chloroform like
Mendelssohn?" Ho made a long
speech about a musician that had tho
toothache, nnd how ho dreaded tho
ordeal of having It pulled. But the
dentist gave him chloroform, and ho
escaped without pain. On hl& recov
ery ho said: "Well, chloroform de
fer ves u placo beside Mendelssohn; It
Is ono of the greatest of composer"."
After the Impromptus, tho guests re
paired to tho dining room. Tho tabic
was daintily arranged und decorated,
but there was nothing on It to cat.
Reside each plate was a hill of fare,
and tho gucstH wero told that they
might each choose five things from
that. Hero Is a copy of the menu:
Support of Age. Pearl of tho Orient,
Ambrosia. Nymph's Luncheon.
Small Boy's Stand-by.
Infant's Delight. Sylvan Sweetness.
Caniio B.tllH. Hard Tack.
Crutch of Kxlstenre.
How the guests laughed and puzzled
over tho unities! Moat of them failed
to guess what could bo coming. The
maid waited till every one had mnrked
off five articles, und then carried the
"Can wo hnvo a bccoiuI try If our
first course proves uneatable?" In
"No, Indeed," said Jo; "this order Is
Tho plates wero brought back at
last. Tom fell back lit mock despair
as he surveyed his.
Ho had itBked for Dissolved Din
iuondB, Unfnlllng Dessert, Infants' De
light, Cupld'a HatlonB nnd Concentrat
ed Nectar, llo received a glnBS of wat
er, a toothpick, a glass of milk, a pickle
and n lump of loaf sugar.
Molly had on her plnte an onion, an
orange anil a plcco of pic. Shu had
mnrked off Crystallized Odors.Nyruph's
Luncheon and Dyspepsia's Forerunner.
Merle had taken the, Support of Ago
THTiss Dorothy Dot," In her
1V1 little red chair,
Put her thimble on vllh a mat
And said : " From" this "piece of
cloth, I guess,
I'll make baby brother a lovely
She pulled her needle in and out.
And over and under and round
Ambrosia und Small Boy's Stand-by,
and received a cup of tea, a piece ol
cake und a cooky.
Most of the girls had taken Sylvan
Sweetness and Pearl of the Orient, to
find themselves served with maple
syrup and rice.
At least half tho guests took Crystal
lized Odors and Dissolved Diamonds.
Those names sounded so delicious. A
few wero lucky enough to ask f6r
Trimmed MoIosbos nnd received candy,
or for Hard-tack, which meant a plato
Most of them, however, found that
they hnd no lunch ut all, and after
they had done laughing at each other's
mistakes, fruit, candy, cake nnd cream
were set on tho table to supply those
who had been so unfortunate. Each
guest retained his menu card as n
souvenir of tho Conundrum Lunch.
Every ono went homo voting every
feature of tho evening n perfect suc
cess. Christian Standard.
Little SIIs Selfish.
Little Miss Selfish and Leud-a-Hand
Went Journeying up and down the
On Lcnd-a-Hand tho sunshine smiled,
Tho wild flowers bloomed for tho hap
Birds greeted her from many a tree;
But Selfish said, "No one loves mo."
Little Miss Selfish and Lend-n-Hand
Went Journeying home across the land.
Mies Selfish met with trouble and
Tho weather was bad, tho folk wore
Lend-n-Hand said, when tho Journey
was o'er, ' - ;
"I never had such a good time be
fore." The kingdom of heaven is not to
heaven, but is heaven In us.
Mb . p
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