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About The Red Cloud chief. (Red Cloud, Webster Co., Neb.) 1873-1923 | View Entire Issue (March 12, 1897)
THE RED CLOUD CHIEF, FRIDAY. MARCH 12 1897.
SCENES AND INCIDENTS
MR. M'KINLEY'S LEAVE TAK
ING OF CANTON.
Arrival at tho Nut Ion's Ciipltul, iiml flit
Hcrnrs sod Incidents I'roslnus tii, Ilur
Ing, ami After 111 liiiiiigurHtlon 1U
rrl)llnii of limujcurl Ceremonies.
for nn hour and n half with three of
of her friends. This evening she Ih
qultu her usuul health.
There wore iV number of callers nt
the rooms of the president elect (lur
ing the inorningt among others being
M. A. Haniin, and Cornelius N. Miss,
wlio was persuaded during the inter
view to accept a cabinet portfolio and
1111 out the cabinet, which had been
disarranged by the withdrawal of .1. .1.
McCooU of New York.
Canton, O., March 1. Amid the
cheers and hurrahs of hundreds of his
friends and fellow citizens, and stirred
by tho Inspiring stratus of bands, 1'res-Ident-Klcct
William MeKlnley Jr." and
hia household boarded the special train
vrhlch was to convey them to the na
tional capital. After assisting Mrs.
McKlnlcyto the train, Mr. MeKlnley
turned to tno throng, and, with bared
head addressed them in tho following
words of farewell:
An Affi-ctliiK Fiirrnrll.
My Neighbors und Friends, unit Fellow
alliens: Onthrnvo or dupurluin lo the
sent of government, soon to ussunr.! tho du
ties of nn nriluotiH responsibility, us ?rrut
us ran devolve upon uny limn, nothing could
Biro mo greater plcusiire thnn this farewell
greeting this ovldeneo of your friendship
and sympathy, your good will, and, lulu
sure, tho prayers of nil the people with
whom I huvo lived so Ions', und whose con
fidence, and esteem uru dearer to mo thnn
any other earthly honors. To nil of us tint
future Is as u sealed book, hut If I run, by
official urt or nduilnstrntlon, or utterance,
lu any degree mid lo ho prosperity of our
beloved country, und the comfort und well
being of our splendid citizenship, 1 "111 de
vote the best und most nnscltlsh efforts of
my lite, (t.oud und continued chccrlnu,
nnd erics of "Wo know you will, Mujor.")
Tho assumption of tho chief muutstruey Is
of such grato lmportuuco Unit partisanship
cannot blind the Judgment, but for the pub
lic good of nil, to every party, und section.
With this thought uppermost In ndnd. t
Tcluetantly tuko leave of my friends and
neighbors, elierlshlnK In my heart llui
sweetest memories und the teiulerest
thoughts of my old homo my home now,
und, I trust, my homo herenftur o lone ns
1 lle. (Tremendous uppluisc.) 1 thank
you. and bid you nil uoud bye. (Another
round of upplnusc.)
J"r. McKinloy, as well as the great
crowd, was much affected by tho part
ing. The cheering was renewed as
tlifc train loft the station.
In I'rehident-Klect McKlnlov's car
were Major- MeKlnley, Mrs. Mckinley,
Mrs. Maria Suxton, who will be Mrs.'
NcKinloy's companion in tho Whitu
house; Captain and Mrs. L. .McWill
iatns, of Chicago, cousins of Mrs. Me
Klnley, nnd Claru Thoreln, Mrs.
McKinley 'h maid.
in nnotiicr cur wr.rc .Mrs. Finney
Allison MeKlnley, mother of tho president-elect;
Miss' Helen McKinley, his
sister; Mr. und Mrs. tleorgo II, Morse
of San l'Vauelseo, Mrs. Morso being a
niece of tho Major, and .lames MeKln
ley u nephew.
Hundreds of people were- at the sta
tions along tho roututo catch :i glimpse
of the presidential special, and atl'itts
burg Mr. MeKlnley uppeurcd and
bowed bis acknowledgments.
tiii; iNAt'oititAi, ci:i(i:monius.
Thr New Arittiliilslriilliui IVhrrrd In Amlil
Hcenm of ImpreimUe (Iramlciir.
Washington, March 4. Amid scenes
of decorative splendor, both on puhliu
buildings and private houses, in the
presence of an enormous concourse of
American citizens gathered from tho
wholo nation, William MeKlnley was
Inaugurated president of tho I'nited
States ut twenty minutcsafter 1 o'clock.
An I drill Day.
Tho day broke bright, clear and
crisp, and Washington awakened early.
Hetwecn 0 und 7 o'clock tho streets
and avenues were alive with human
activity. Ily 0 o'clock tho sun came
out full und'strong and served to tem
per the slight chill of the atmosphere.
In tho vicinity of the White house and
architectural creation of white nnd
gold, strongly resembling in its appar
ently substantial pillars and its gen
eral outlines the portico of historic
Arlington, and conveying no impres
sion that it was simply u flimsy struct
ure of wood erected for u day.
No grander tltcatro for nuch a pngo
ant could well be found. Pennsylvania
avenue, 125 feot from curb to curb,
along which tho procession passed
from the White house to tho capitol.
presents an uninterrupted vista of
over a mile,
Tho entlro roulo from tho White
house to the eapltol was banked with
hoarselv-shotitlng, enthusiastic specta
tors. From the nature of tho day's
proceedings there were practically two
processions, though at the close they
merged into one masslvo and impres
sive body, part military, part civic,
und each most effective. The presi
dent's escort was troop A of Cleveland.
()., eighty cavalrymen mounted on coal
black chargers, anil still more inter
esting a detnehmeut of gri.zlcd veter
ans from the Twenty-third Ohio vol
unteers, Major McKlnley's old regi
ment. The Krnnt Proceedings.
Work was hastened in tho senate to
prepare for the ceremonies nttendant
on inducting Viec-Presidcnt-elcct Ho-
Currency Commission, Protecting by
Tttrlffs, lli-rlproclly und Foreign I'ollcy
Hlscnsse-il Ultra Hrsslon U Culled fnr
ffl"J""Jc""AjBlRr"JIDtNT m"'" """Ji' yyBsf
1 rV ' i-V i.l i1 i Sj liuia . .Lsin. rLN. jomhuloso. f
IZ,, -,mi.. KjsT mwn-. sUDdV' """"'""'"ZI
AT TIIK NATION'H CAPITA!
Mr. Mcitlntry ami I'urty ArrUo Safely
(he S.rtt of (lcrnmrut.
Wabhinoton. March 3. Ono minute
after cloven o'clock this morning, Mr.
MeKlnley with his family and large
party of friends, arrived safely at tho
tho Kbbitt house tho crowds soon
grow to large numbers. Tho regular
troops, which vtcro to form tho escort
to the president and president-elect
from the White house to the cupltol,
formed the principal attraction to sight
seers at that hour.
Tho White house grounds were
closed to all except ticket holders, and
the thoroughfare over which the par
ade was to march was closed to passage
of any kind.
At the Kbbitt house the president
elect was preparing for the day. At
S o'clock he sat down to breakfast with
a better appetite than he has had at
nnv time since his recent Illness. Mrs.
MeKlnley took breakfust In her apart-
en ninety nv uiu I .
capital over tho Pennsylvania railroad, ,,IJ ' ,, ,.,i,i. .. ii
.ml were mot nt the station bv a larire .. l ,u proceedings began wi ha call of
crowd, which was irrcutly disappointed
by tho absence of u military escort and
display. The president-elect hud spe
cially requested that there be none.
It was with the greatest dlllculty
that the party was driven to tho Kbbit
House, where tho preldent-clect had a
suite of rooms. The day was spent in
resting, and In the evening Mr. MeKln
ley dined with President and Mrs.
Cleveland, nt tho customary dinner
given by tho retiring to the iucoiniug
l'llKSIJNTKU WITH A IIAIH1K.
Mail the Jlcclpleiit of n ItailKe of
Sigma Alpha Kp.llon fraternity,
Washington, March 3. Major Me
Klnley retired late lust night, but was
up in good season this morning und
ate breakfast with his family. At U::tO
he wan waited on by a delegation
headed by Postmaster General Wilsou
which presented him with a badge of
the Sigma Alpha EpsUc-n fruternlty.
The badge is a beautiful work of the
jeweler's art, and Is studded with dia
monds. At 11 o'clock tho president-elect
drove to tho white house to tnnko tho
customary call. Ho was ut once ush
ered to tho blue raom whero President
Cleveland and Private. Secretary Thur
bcr 6tood expectantly. After a few
moments' chat he returned to the hotel.
At 11:57 President Cleveland left the
White house to pay his visit of cere
mony to his successor. Major MeKln
ley received Ids distinguished guest in
tho reception room of his tipnrlments.
This afternoon the Charles h, Kurta
republican club of Columbia. O,, u
handsomely uniformed political organ
'tuition, accompanied by tho Columbus
lee club, soranuded Major and Mrs.
MeKlnley, Tho president -elect and
his wife came out ou the balcony and
acknowledged tho salute. Mrs. Me
Klnley was slightly indisposed in tho
arly afternoon, but later took a drive
Senators Sherman und Mitchell at tho
Kbbitt house, who escorted Major
McKinley to tho White house. There
they were joined by President Cleve
land and the outgoing und incoming
presidents then fell in and marched
with great military precision down
Pennsylvania avenue to tho cast wing
of tho capitol. Tho president and president-elect
then entered tho senate
chamber, where were gathered tho
members of the seuutc and house, dip
lomats and other prominent people.
Tho oath of ofllce was administered to
Vico. President Hobart and Vice Presi
dent Stevenson delivered his farewell
address. Vice President Hobart fol
lowed with his inaugural, and tho now
senators were sworn In.
The processlou then formed, headed
by the members of tho supreme court.
Cleveluiid and McKinley following, nnd
proceeded to tho eust terrace of tho
capitol, where, in front oi tne sonaio
whig, Mr. McKinley took tho oath of
ofllce, administered by Chlof Justice
Fuller. Ho then delivered his inaug
ural address In the presence of 40,000
people, only a very small fraction of
whom could hear what ho was suylug.
Tho address was received with cheer
At the close of the ceremonies tho
president and e.vpresideut snatched a
liusty lunch, then ent-jred a carriage
and fell in lino in tho procession. It
was n continuous ovation.
On rcnohlnu; the re.viowinir stand in
front of tho White house the new pres
ident und Mr. Cleveland took tho scuts
assigned them and the procession be
gun to move up the avenue.
Urcuratlonc and racmntry,
Tho decorallons of the city were ex
ceedingly eirectivo with tho oNceptlon
of the treasury department, tho ma
jestic outlines of which wore not very
pleasingly .druped, Th puvlllon in
the front house from which President
McKinley reviewed the returning pro
ctkslon was a thing of beauty an
hart Into olllce. When everything was
ready the oath was admiulstcred and
ho assumed the chair while ox-Vice
President Stevenson delivered his fare
well address to tho senators. When ho
concluded ho announced tho senate ad
journed without day. Vice President
Hobart made a brief but pointed ad
dress to the senate. Then President
Cleveland's proclamation convening tho
session for tlio 4th of March was read,
after which the newly-elected senators
were sworn lu by Mr. Hobart.
In the House.
Tho closing hours In the house were
marked by u rush of business. A vote
of thanks was tendered Speaker Heed
for his courtesy, (Idelity, and impar
tiality in presiding over tho delibera
tions of that body. Mr. Heed thanked
them in a short speech and then ad
journed the house slue die.
Hx-rrrld'iit und Mrs, Cleveland.
At 10 o'clock Wednesday evening the
cabinet ladles gathered to bid good-bye
to Mrs. Cleveland. The leave-takings
wero emphasized by evidences of deep
regret, and demonstrated the affection
in which Mrs. Cleveland is held by
those who know her most intimately.
After tho inaugural ceremonies sho
loft for Princeton, N. J. Kx-Presidcnt
Cleveland left Immediately after tho
inauguration for a ten days' trip in
Currituck sound, back of Cape Hatteraa,
as tho guest of Captain Kvuns on tho
lighthouse tender Maple.
The I n a ii curat Hall.
Tho grand old petition building never
looked gayer or more beautiful than
tonight when tho first gentleman and
ladv of the land trratiticd the impa
tience of tho crowd upon its polished
floor by uppearlng in tho balcony and
bowing their acknowledgements.
Tho appearance of tho president and
Mrs. McKinley and tho vice president
nnd Mrs. Hobart was the feature of
the evening. It was 0:40 o'clock when
President and Mrs. McKinloy arrived.
An Kitra Krialon.
Washington. March 4. President
MeKlnley will tomorrow issue his proc
lamation for an extra session. It will
be called to meet March 15. At a din
ner given Wednesday nlirht at Mr.
John Hayncs, the president-elect was
asked about this extra session and the
Mii'tfi'M'on was made that he set tho
day or baturday, MarclrCO.
No," said Major McKinloy with an
emphasis that indicated his fixed de
termination. "I have concluded that
the best interests of tho country de
mand that we should get to work ut
tho earliest practicable moment. Ten
days will intervene between the call
and tho assembling of congress and
that will bo sufficient to enable mem
bers to reach Washsngton. I will issue
the call for the session Friday."
Tho heart of tho I'rcsldentinl pro
cession appeared on tho inaugural
stand at 1 ?:,'. o'clock. nvhen Mr. Cleve
land and Mr. McKinley appeared to
gether. The mighty throng broke
forth Into prolonged cheers.
At 1:18 o'clock President MeKlnley
took the oath of ofllco administered by
Chief Justico Fuller nnd then delivered
his inaugural address as follows:
"Kellovr Citizen: In obrdlencs to the will
of the people and In their pretence, hy the
authority vetted In nic hy thl oath. I as
sume the arduous and responsible duties of
President of the United State, rclylnc on
the support of my countrymen and Invoking
the guidance of Almighty God. Our faith
teaches that there 1 no safer reliance than
upon the Clod of our fathers, who hat so sin
gularly favored the American people In
every national trial, and who will not for
sake us so long as we obey Ills command
ments and walk humbly In Ills footsteps.
'The resxuisl!jltles of the Mull trust to
which 1 have been caltcd-alwuys of Brave
Importance are augmented by the prevail
Inp business conditions, cutatlltiK idleness
ujion willliiR labor and loss to useful enter
prise. The country Is suffering from Indus
trial tusiurii.mccs irom wnich speedy relief
must be had.
"Our tlnamial system needs some revis
ion; our money Is all good uow.but Its value
must not further be threatened. It should
all be put upon an enduring basis, not sub
ject to easy attack, nor Its stability to doubt
or dispute. Our currency should continue
under ths supervision of the government
The several forms of ourpap;r money offer,
In my JulRinent, a constant embar
rassment to the government und a
safe balance in the treasury. Therefore
I believe It necessary to devise a system
which, without diminishing the circulating
medium, or offering a premium for Its con
traction, will present a remedy for those
arrangements, which, temporary in their
nature, might well in the years of our pros
perlty have lccn displaced by wiser provis
ions. For it Currency Commission.
"Wltn adequate revenue assured, but not
nntll then, we can enter upon such changes
In our fiscal laws as will, while Insuring
safoty and volume to our money, no longer
Impose upon the government the necessity
ot maintaining ho large a goni reserve, with
Its attendant and Inevitable temptations to
"Most of our flnanctf.l laws are the out
growth of experience and trial, sail should
not be amended wlthont Investigation and
demonstration of the wisdom ot the pro
posed changes Wc must be both sure we
ire right and 'make haste slowly.' If,
therefore. Congress In Its w Isdom shall deem
It expedient to create a commission to take
ander early consideration the revision of
our coinage, hanking and currency
laws, and give them that exhaustive,
careful and dispassionate examination that
ine importance demands, I shall coruiauv
concur in such action. If such power is
vested In the president. It Is my purpose to
appoint a commission of prominent, well
informed citizens of different parties who
will command public confidence both on
account of their ability and special fit
ness for the work. Ilusiness exjicrlence
and public training may thus be combined,
aim me patriotic zeal or tun menus oi tnc
country be so directed that such a report
will be made as to receive the support of all
parties, and our finances cease to bo the
subject of mere partisan contention, The
cxpjrlmentls, at all events, w.irth a trial,
and, in my opinion, It can but prove bene
ficial to the entire country.
Credit UphMd Knonomy Urgucl.
"The question of international blmetalism
will have early and earnest attention. It
will be my constant endeavor to secure It
hy co-operation with the other groat com
mercial powers of the world. Until that
condition Is realized, when the parity be
tween our gold and silver money springs
from and Is supported by the relative value
of the two metals, the value of silver al
ready coined, and of that which shall here
after be coined, must be kept constantly at
par with gold by every resource at our com
mand. The credit of the government, the
Integrity of Its currency and the Inviol
ability of its obligations must be preserved.
This was the commanding verdict of the
people, and it will not be unheeded.
"Economy Is demanded In every branch
ot the government at all times, but espe
dally In periods like the present depression
of business and distress among the people.
The severest economy must be obi.rved la
all public expenditures and extravagance
stopped wherever it Is found, and prevented
wherever In the future it may liu developed.
If the revenues are to remain as now, the
only relief that can come must be from de
creased expenditures Hut the present must
not Decomc the present condition oi tne
government. It has been our uniform prac
tice to retire, not increase, our outstanding
obligations, and this policy must fain be re
sumed and vigorously enforced.
Increase of Debt Opposed.
"Our revenues should always be large
enough to meet with ease and promptness
not only our current needs and the princi
pal and Interest of the public debt, but to
make proper and liberal provisions for that
most deserving body of public creditors, the
soldiers and sailors, and the widows and or
phans, who are the pensioners of the United
States. The government should not be per
mitted to run behind or Increase Its debt
In times like the presenn. Suitably to pro
vide against business depression Is tne
mandate of duty, a certain and easy rem
edy for the most of our financial difficulties.
A deficiency Is Inevitable so long as the ex
penditures of the government exceed Its
receipts. It can only be met by loans or an
Increased revenue. While a large annual
surplus of revenue may Invite waste and
extravagance, inadequate revenue creates
distrust ana undermines public ana private
credit.- Neither should be encouraged.
"Between more loans and more revenue,
there ought to be but one opinion. We should
nave more revenue, and that without delay,
hindrance or postponement. A surplus In
the treasury created by loans Is not a per
manent or safe reliance. It will suffice
while it lasts, but It cannot last long while
the outlays of the government are greater
than Its receipts, as has been the case dur
ing the past two years. Nor must It be for
gotten that however much such loans may
temporarily relieve the situation the gov
ernment Is still Indebted for the amount of
the surplus thus accrued, which It must ul
timately pay, while Its ability to pay Is not
strengthened, but weakened, by a continued
deficit Loans ars Imperative In great
emergencies to preserve, the government or
Its credit, but a failure to supply needed
revenue In time of peare for the mainten
ance of either has no justification.
For Revenue wad Protection.
"The best way for the government to
maintain Its credit Is to par as It goes not
by resorting to loans, but by keeping out of
debt through an adequate Income secured
by a system of taxation, external or Inter
nal or both. It Is the settled policy of tho
government, pursued from the beginning,
and practiced by all parties and adminis
trations, to raise the bulk of revenue from
taxes upon foreign productions entering the
United states for sale and consumption;
and avoiding for the most part every form
of direct taxation, except In time of war.
"The country Is clearly opposed to any
needless addition's to tho subjects of Inter
nal taxation, and Is committed by Its latest
popular utterance to .the syilem o( tarlH
taxation. There can be nn misunderstand
ing, either, about the principle upon which
this tariff taxation shall be lc led. Nothing
has ever been made plainer at a geiier.il
election thin that the controlling principle
In the raising of revenueon Imports Is real
oub care for American Interests and Amer
leinlibor Thepeopl- have declared that
such legislation should be had us will give
ample protection and encouragement to
the Industries and the development of our
Itcclproelty Strongly tlrsed.
"In the rev.ston of the tariff, especial at
tention should be given to theretcnartment
andcxtcntlon of the reciprocity principle
of the law of 1300, under which so great a
stimulus was clvcn to our fnrrlpn tr.-nin it,
I new and advantageous markets, for our
, surplus agricultural and manufactured
nomlc basis than now. The people nave
only recently voted that this should be
done, and nothing Is more binding upon the
agents of their will than the obligation of
Immediate action It has always seemed to
me that the iostponemcnt of the meeting of
Congress until more than a ycaraftsr it has
been chosen deprives Congress too often of
the Inspiration of the popular will and the
country of tho corresponding bsneilts.
Congress to Stent March 10.
"It Is evident, therefore, that to postpone
action In the presence of so great a neces
sity would be unwise on the part of the ex
ecutive because unjust to the Interests of
the people. Our actions now will be freer
from mere partisan consideration than If
the question of tariff revision wai post
poned until the regular session of Congress
Wc arc nearly two years from a Congress-
products. 'fnCvdCpreSSlon Ot the last four I Innil oWtInn nil nnlltlrt r-innnl lu ifrMt
years has fallen with especial severity upon ly distract us as If such contest was Imrac
the great body of the country.and upon none ' dlately pending. Wc can apprjach the
more than tnc nomers ot small farms. Ag
riculture nas languisnea ana labor suffered.
The revival of manufacturing will be a
relief to both. No portion of our people Is
more devoted to the Institutions of free
government, nor more loyal In their sup
port, while none bears more cheerfully or
iuiiy us pcupti aiiarr in mc maintenance
problem calmly and patriotically without
fearing Its effect upon an early election.
Our fellow citizens who may disagree with
us upon the character of this legislation
prefer to have the question settled now,
even against their preconceived views and
perhaps settled so reasonably, as I trust
and believe It will be. as to Insure great per-
of the government or Is better entitled to i manence-than to have further uncertainty
Its wise and liberal care and protection, menacing the vast and varied business In-
i.cgisiaiwu uviiui iu mc prouueer IS Dene
tercsts of the United States, Azain, what-
flcial lo all. The depressed condition nf in
dustry on the farm and in the manufactory
has lessened the ability of the people to
meet the demands upon them, and 'they
rightfully expect that not only a system of
revenue shall be established that will s.
cure the largest Income with the least bur.
don. but that every means will be taken to ' extraordinary session on Monday,
ilerrcass, rather than increase, our public loin day oi aiarcn, lmrr,
ever action Congress may take will be given
a fair opportunity for trial before the peo
ple arc called to pass judgment upon It, and
this I consider a great essential to the right
till and lasting settlement of the question.
In view Of these considerations I shall deem
It my duty as President to convene Congress
Much Dependent on Congress.
"Business conditions are not the most
promising. It will take time to restore the
prosperity of former years. If we cannot
promptly attain it we can resolutely turn
our faces In that direction and aid Its re
turn by friendly legislation. However
troublesome the situation may appear. Con
gress will not. I am sure, be found lacking
in dlsK)sltl')ii or ability to relieve It, as far
as legislation can do so. The restoration of
ronlldencc and tho revival of business,
which men of all parties so much desire, de
pend morn largely upon the prompt, en
ergetic, and Intelligent action of Congress
than upoa any other single agency to affect
Uphntillnc Kvery Itlsht.
"Wc may have failed In the discharge of
our full duty as cltbens ot the great repub
II a, but It Is consoling and rncoururlng to
realize that the free speech, free press, free
thought, free schoa'.s. free and unlimited
right of religious llbertr and worship and
free and fair elections are dearer and more
universally enjoyed to-day than ever before.
The guarantees must be sacredly preserved
and wisely strengthened. The constituted
authority must be cheerfully and vigorously
upheld. Lynching must not be tolerated,
and, In a great and clvlllz-d country like
the United Htaccs, courts, not mobs, 'must
execute the penalties ot the law. The pres
ervation of public order, the right ot dis
cussion, the Integrity of courts and the or
derly administration of Justice must con
tinue fnruvcr the rock of safety upon which
our government securely rests.
Acntnst Trust Immigration.
"The declaration of the party now re
stored to power has been in the past that of
oposltloti to all combinations oi ciplt.il or
ganized in trusts, or otherwise, to control
arbitrarily the condition of trade among
our citizens, and It has supported In such
legislation as well to prevent the execution
of all schemes lo oppress the people, by un
due charges on their supplies, as by unjust
rates for the transportation of their pro
due's to marker. Thlf purpose will bs
'lea.dlly pursued, both br the enforcement
ot the laws now li.fxlste.ice and the recom
mendation and support of such ncwstatulcs
as may be neccssi ry to earn- It Into effect.
"Our naturalisation and Immigration
laws should be further Improved to the
constant promotion of a safer, a bsttcr and
a higher citizenship Nor must wc be un
mindful of the need of Improvement among
our own cllUcns hut with the zeal of our
forefathers encourage the spread of knowl
edge and free education. Illiteracy must
b: banished from the landif we shall attain
that high destiny as the foremost of the en
lightened nations of the world which, under
Providence, wc ought to achieve.
For Civil Service Reform.
A Now Spirit In the ?Ulou.
"In conclusion, I congratulate the country
upon the fraternal spirit of the people and
the manifestation of gcod will everywhere
so apparent. The recent election not only
most fortunately demonstrated the obliter
ation of geographical or sectional lines, but
to some extent also the prejudices which
for years have distracted our councils
and marred our true greatness as a na
tion. The triumph of the people, whose
verdict Is carried Into effect to-dar, Is not
the triumph of one section, nor wholly of
one party, but of all sections and all tho
people. The North and South arc no longer
divided on the old lines, but upon principles
and policies; and In thts fact surely every
lover ot the country can find cause for true
felicitation T.et us rcjo'.ce in and cuimatc
this spirit. It is ennobling and will be both,
a pain and blessing to our beloved country.
It will be my constant aim to do nothing
and rcrmtt u'othlng to be done that will ar
rest or disturb this growing sentiment of
unity and co-operation, this revival of es
teem and affiliation which now animates so
manv thousands In both the old and antag
onistic sections, but shall cheerfully do
everything jsjsslble to promote and In
"Iet us again repeat the words of the
oath administered by the chief Justice,
which In their respective spheres, so far as
applicable. I would have all my countrymen
observe; "I will faithfully execute the office
nf President of the United States, and
will, to the best of my ability, preserve,
protect and defend the constitution of the
United States. This Is the obligation I have
reverently taken before the Lord Mcst High,
To keep It will be my single purpose; my
.(.nstaut pr.iycr-atid I sha'.t confidently rely
Jpnn the forbearance and assistance of all
.he people la the discharge of my solemn
PERIL IN TEA.
"Heforms In the civil service must goon,
but the change should be real and genuine,
not perfunctory, nor prompted by a ixal In
behalf ot any party simply because It hap
pens to be In power. Asa member of Con
gress I voted and spoke in favor of the pres
ent law, and I shall attempt Its enforcement
lu the spirit in which it was enacted.
'Congress should give prompt attention
to the restoration of our American mer
chant marine, once tno pride of the seas
In all the great ocean highways of com
merce. To my mind few more Important
subjects so Imperatively demand Its intel
ligent consideration. Commendable prog
ress has be;n made of late years In the up
building of the American navy, but we must
supplement these efforts by providing as a
proper consort for It a merchant marine
amply sufficient for our own carrying trade
to foreign countries. Thr question is one
that appeals both to our business necessi
ties and the patriotic aspirations of a great
The Foreign Poller Outlined.
'It has been tho policy or the United
States, since the foundation of the govern
ment to cultivate relations of peace and
amity with all the nations of the world,
and this accords with my conception of
our duty now. We have cherished the pol
icy of non-interference with the affairs of
foreign governments, wisely inauguraicu
by Washington, keeping ourselves free
from entanglement either as allies or foes,
content to leave undisturbed with them the
settlement of their own domestic concerns.
It will be our aim to pursue a firm and dlf
nlned foreign policy, which shall be Just,
lmnartlal. ever watchful of jiatlonal honor
and always Insisting upon the enforcement
of the lawful rights of American citizens
everywhere. Our diplomacy should seek
nothing more and accept nothing less than
Is due us. We want no wars ot conquest;
we must avoid the tempest of territorial ag
gression. War should never be entered up
on until every agency of peace has failed;
peace Is preferable to war In almost every
Of the arbitration treaty with Great Brit
ain, the President says; "I respectfully
urae the earlv action' of the Senate there
on, not merely as an act of policy, but as a
duty to mankind. The Importance and
moral Influence oi tne raiincauon oi sucn a
treaty can hardly be overestimated In tne
cause ot advancing civilization. It may
well engage the best thought of the states
men and people of every country, and I
cannot but consider It fortunate that It was
reserved to the United States to have the
leadership In so grand a work.
An Extra Bastion Necessary.
'It ha been the uniform practice of each
President to avoid, as far as possible, the
convening of Congress Inextraordlnary ses
slon. It is an example which, under ordin
ary circumstances and In the absence of a
public necessity, Is to bo commended. Hut
a failure to convene the representatives of
the people In extra session when It Involves
neglect of a public duty places the responsi
bility of such neglect upon the executive
himself. The condition of the public treas
ury, as has been indicated, demands tho
Immediate consideration of Congress It
alone has the power to provide revenues
for the government Not to convene It un
der such circumstances t can view In no
other sense than the neglect of a plain duty.
I do not sympathize with the sentiment that
Congress In session Is dangerous to our gen
eral business Interests. Its members arc
the agents of the people, and their presence
at the seat of government In execution of
the sovereign will should not operate as an
Injury, but a benefit
"There could be no better time to put the
government ujon a soimd Uancial audeco-
Uo of tho Ilovnrass Often
A report upon insanity .-n Ireland,
which has just been issued, enumer
ates among the causes of mental fail
ure, tho innutrielons dietary of tho
poorer population, tending' to produco
niueinia and constitutional weakness,
which favor the development of scrof
ulous and neurotic diseases, and tho
immoderate use of certain nervous
stimulants, particularly tea and to
bacco. "While tho moderate use of proper
ly prepared tea," tho report adds, ",is
regarded ns innocuous, or oven benc
llclal in its action on tho nurvous sys
tem, its ill effects when deeooted or
over-Infused on persons who make St
tholr staplo articlo of dietary nro
dwelt on by almost all tho resident
medical superintendents in tholr
several reports. Undoubtedly tho
method of preparation adopted and
tho excessive use of this article of
dint, now so general among tho
poorer population, tends to the pro
duction of dyspepsia, which in its
turn leads to states of mental depres
sion highly fivvorablo to tho produc
tion of various forms of nourotio dis
"The excessive use of tobacco, also,
especially among tho young, whether
by smoking or chewing, in the opinion
of certain of our medical superintend
ents, acts, though perhaps in a minor
degree, injuriously on tho nervous
In many parts of Ireland it has been
found thnt broad nnd tea have been
substituted for porridgo and milk,
nnd for potatoes also; that tho tea is
generally of an inferior quality, nnd
tho method of preparation is to put a
quantity in the teapot early in tho
morning and to allow it to stow dur
ing the day, water being added as required.
Where KasseUe" Wits Written.
Another landmark of old London is
about to Buffor destruction. This is
tho houso in Stapol inn in which Dr.
Johnson wroto "Kassolas," and in
which some of his earllor yonrs in
London wero passod. Tho house is
situated on tho 60uth side of tho
Gardon court, and, from an Inscrip
tion on tho faco of tho building, it
appears to have boon built in 1609.
Tho architooturo of thisporlod is not
remarkable for graco. and tho build
ing 1b as ugly as roost of tho contem
porary structures. Novertholsss, the
magic poreonallty of tho sturdy old
doctor has invostod it with a certain
dogroo of interest, and, although tho
slto is to bo used for tho extension of
tho patent ofllco, tho idoa of tho de
struction of tho old houso gives a
pang of sontlmontal regrot.
Makes a Proofreader's Mouth Wat.
The following is vouched .for by a
correspondent ns being extracted
from a list of stores wanted by the
btcward of a Tyno, England, steam
ship: "Stours wonted: L' doyan cgs,
lam, 14 pund bukon, 2 tins saslngor, 8
tins supe, 3 tins blled meet, ',' tins
motln, ' 100 wate potaes, 0 lofes
sofo brod, 1 blather lard, 1 sinolo
eheas, sum fresh moot &vcgablos, fc
bum Knrlrtb and ttirmits, 3 tins ser
deens, 2 tins hlbtors (oysters) to try,
J notmet-s, 3 tins samln. 3 tins fruto. 1
1 tin maruialuid, 0 puud solt fish..
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