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About The Red Cloud chief. (Red Cloud, Webster Co., Neb.) 1873-1923 | View Entire Issue (May 22, 1896)
THE "RED CLOUD (MI IMF. FIUDAY, MAY 22. 1890.
;LAND OF THE BLACKS.
NATIVE TRIBES OF AFRICA
DYING BY SWORD.
The Ouoil ClirUtUn Nntlnrn of llurnpp
Sinking ytilik Work of i:itrniilnntltiR
find' 'r'iitiirr A t)N;rniP In Oiilury
FR1CA HAS LONG
nain.-l tlu "Dark
Continent," but It
might now be more
& WWi H'l'Tr.iti'I' call-
fflMWin Ml ," 'ii,otul-v
TO'M ' Comment." A fe.v
- r -
cnn iit'o It viiu
- dark In thr yearn
-- thnt Hiiro p en n .
knew little about
It. Since they haw siud tin Ir light
upon Its rr mutest plat t It lias been
turned into a hind of bloody strife atid
turmoil fiom Mid to end.
A mi m bir of bloody uitlnenks, of
such n eliurni'tei as to intercut even
Americans unronrerncd with Kuropf-nn
pulley. hrl;i to eall n'.t'iuion at this
moment to the perpetual condition of
Africa. It In hardly to h- doubti d that
this eondltlciii will continue ut.tll all
the warliki' inns of Aftica are (tcr
ininnted or t educed to the condition of
liopeb r,t uliJection.
There sm time great r glnns of
Africa which are of supn n.e interest
at this moment. They are the L'g.vp
thin Soudan. Abysslnl.1 and South
Africa. To the lirst two places belong
the distinction that Europi ans have
suffoied tin re about as much as the
A stiong Egyptian rredltlon, ruder
British olllc t-i-rt. has started to attempt
to reclaim the Soudan frnm the Malnll,
II" IB 111
who rules In absolute des-potlsm at
Khartoum. The dervissiea and Ma
hometan Desert tribes wno maintain
the Mahiir.s power, believe that he is
the diieet representative of Mahomet,
and In fighting for him liec their only
hope of heaven.
While a Hrltish expedition is going
to the Soudan, a Belgian expedition
from the Congro Free State, which
lias an outlet on the West Coast of
Afrlcn. has started for the tame region.
This expedition hns been re-lnforced
by Houssas, native troops, from the
Hrltish colony of Sagos, also on the
west coast. The Belgians arc probably
now fighting In the heart of Africa.
Tho brutalizing occupation of the
Europeans In Africa does not tend to
make them liumano and generous in
their tieatment of one mother. The
whole world has lately been reading
about one Illustration of this fact.
A body of Englishmen, supposed to
bo the pick of tho pioneers of their race
In Africa, being chielly oflUers and
men of the military police of the Brit
ish South Africa company, has made a
murderous raid Into the Transvaal,
one of tho few colonieb In Afiica that
have any claim to respe-tablllty. It is
said that the Boers are pretty high
handed with tho natives, but the fact
that there are so many of the latter
left In the Transvaal af'er so long a
period of colonization Is in itself a
.tribute, to their masters.
JSti These Englishmen started out cheor
' Yully with machine guns and other
arms to enter the terrltoiv of a foreign
and friendly state and slaughter the
peaceful and unoffending people. Kven
the severe defeat they tecelved did
not make them realize that they had
done wrong. Their African experience
Jiad destroyed their moral sense.
It must not be supposed that the do
feat of Jameson's raiders and their
shipment to England hns ended the
trouble In the more civilized parts of
South Africa. There Is lntuuso and
warlike hostility between tho English
and tho Dutch elements In Capo Col
only, the Oraugo Free State, and tho
Transvaal. Cable reports tay that
both sldcB aro preparing to light.
Thcro Ib always an nbundinco of armed
men In those places. The reports also
pay that German" ofileorn aro helplnc
tho Boors and that Germany has prom
ised them material aid In u possible
etrugglo with tho' British.
Besides this possibility of a general
conflagatlnn In South Africa, thcro Is
nomo hard actual fighting there. The
Matubolcs have risen acaln In the
Hrltish South Africa Company's terri
tory. They killed seven white men
near Buluwayo, and since then a much
larger number of the natlvcv bar? 5en
Tho Matabelea nro a brave, strong
and flerco race, allied to tne. Zulu,
who fought so hard before the dovaEta
ting British Influence sweat over and
beyond their country. The Mutabelcs
wcte mowed down In thousands by
Ur. Jameson and his troopers and ma
chine guns before their land was llnnlly
conquered for the British South Africa
Company. The remnnut of them will
possibly make a hard flight now.
Another element of trouble lies In
the Dolagoa liny Blttt.iilon. I'nder a
treaty England has the tlrst right to
purchase thin portion of Portuguese
Hast Africa, if it should he off e ted for
sale. It Hen between the. Transvaal
and the ocean, and ltn possesion would
enable the Rtltish to surround the
1 Boers. Tho German Empcinr, It Is be-
llpvul. Is piepared to leslst by fotie
this aihanee of the Ilrltlsh.
I To the not th of Portuguese East Af
rica Ih (Set man East Afiici. Dr. Pdcrs.
the late administrator of that teuitory.
Is now being tried In BmIIii far cruel
ties to the natives. He hanged men
, and women for ptty thefts.
In the lndlnn Oienu. ou the east
I coart of Africa Is th- grrat is
lend of Madagascar, whim the I'ren h
' have Just eoiiiurcd after a ei.tn-
pi.lgn very deadly to theti'.sdves.
Lately the natives icvolte.l anil hurned
a religious mission house and killed
icvornl of its occupants.
A punitive military expedition ha"
Jiwt done Its woik near Mombasa in
British East Africa.
The British are now occupying Ah
cntl. In the Intirior of Afiha. behind
the Gold Coast Colony, and hold King
Piempdi a prisoner.
The French have occupied Tnabuctii.
the caiiital of Eastern Houilan, a tnys
terlous city hitherto known to us chief
ly on account of Its comic-opera name.
The Sultan of Moioceo la slaughter
S utr his rubjects.
Tnln !h but a glimpse of the bloody
work that h. going on in Africa.
nothing kingly In the heart.
tAtrfk tiff 7y-VJvr4wS. ' 'S 3f,'.l i'i
MAP SHOWING IHE DISTURBANCES IN AFItlCA.
A Miitinil romliiita.
"Harold." said Mrs. Pulslver, "when
you talk In your sleep about the kitty
It always wakes baby up. She Just
dotes on a kitty."
"So do I," answered .Mr. P., gra'eful
for his escape.-Detroit Free Press.
SOME RECENT PATENTS.
A keyless bleyclo lock.
An Impioved sanitary corset.
A bottle that cannot be replied.
A plpo for blowing snap bubLles.
A combination pidebojid and exten
A now alternating electric motor,
by Nicola Tesla.
A machine for ornamenting glass
dishes, by which tho dlah Is both
scalloped and crimped by one motion
A machine for tho manufacture of
"wire glass," by which a network of
wire Is Imbedded In the glass, adding
to Its strength and flexibility.
A sclf-oller for Journals on tho prin
ciple of capillary attraction. A wick
lays alongside the Journal and extendi
down below Into an oil receptacle.
A plnenpllo knife, with a tubular
qiilll-pon-sunped point adapted to
gougo out tho eyes of tho applo; n
thumb-pleco guide, which can bo ect
to as to gaugo tho depth of thn cut.
An nmuslng toy, In which tho vvhnlo
swallowing Jonah Is depleted. A metal
lic whale rests In a tank of water, In
which "Jonah" has been cast. A pow
erful magnet Insido the whalo attracts
tho metal "Jonah" and draws him into
Its open mouth.
Ancient Indian temples at Ceylon aro
being illuminated by electricity.
IT LOOKS BEHIND.
A Tctrrnic Wlilrli l Haiti to llnntiln
the L'onfuliiriiN of Onllunrjr (ilnn.
Mankind onco had an extra eyo In
the back of bis head. Scientists say
that they can still llnd ttaces of this
eye in a tert.iln irregular formation
of the skull at the point wheie the an
cient ce-M)fkct used to be, sus the
New York World. These Irregular
places are called rudimentary eyes, but
they are not to he found In all people.
In fact, a man who can boast of a
rudimentary eo Is unite a superior
pei son. Of course, thes iiidlniontury
eves are of no real use to nnvbo.ly, not
even to the owner of them, hut they
serve to show its that at a certain stage
in our career nature thought It win
a wise thing to enable us to kc -p a
watch In the tear. A foreign llrm of
optldniis have cry consltleiately en
deu voted to supply, as fat as may be
done h mechanical means, the losn of
tills nar-viow cc. They have eon
Mruetid a trh'scope v.hleh enables the
in cr to look aiouiid a coiner. B Its
mcana ou may see mid remain uiifei'ii.
a circunistance which piH.ie.wn obvious
ndvantagu-. They call tne Invention
the stereo-telestope. Stereo i nines
fiom n (Ireek vvoid moaning solid, and
In this connection it Is used as indi
cating that the lump", as hien tlitotmli
the stereo-tcli scope seems an e.act
(ounteipart of the object and not a
mere picture of it. The two tubes that
extend horlyontnlly cairy an object
irhiKs at cither end. The eve nieces lit"
placed on an axis at rifilit angles to that
of the object Iiik or oblong tubes. lien
the observer looks throuslt the small
p.ep-holes he sees a dlffeient Held with
each e.ve. The rays of IirIiI from the
objicts that lie in the field of vision arc
rMWcletl by means of ptisms, so that
they turn the corner of the rlKhl angle.
TlniH you may leisurely study an oh-
ject while under cover, tho bead being
In such a position as not to admit of
its being seen. When tho tubes nio
thiiii extended, the observer may atand
behind a tree or a wall nnd leconnoiter
from his concealed position. There arc
also open points in favor of tho In
strument. The Meld of vision Is enor
mously extended. You may study ob
jects at opposite points of the compass
with no more trouble than the winking
of your eye. The stereo-telescope may
he folded up, In which position, being
held with the tubes upward, It enables
the observer to look above an object ob
structing bis view, such as a hedge,
wall or crowd of people.
Aluminum coflius are the Intent and
tho New York. Pittsburg and St. Louis
undertakers carry them In stock. Thoy
aro made of uniform width, square ends
and vertical sides nnd ends, such being
tho accepted shapo of tho modern bur
ial casket. They aro finished with a
heavy molding nround the bottom and
nt tho tipper edge, and with pilasters at
tho coiners and with a round molded
lop. They are provided with extension
bar handles. Aluminum caskets aro
not covered, but llnlshed with a metal
surface burnished. They nro lined in
tho same manner. The non-corrosive
qualities of aluminum as well as tho
lightness of tho caskets recommend
them. A six-foot, aluminum coflln
weighs but 100 pounds, an oak ensket
of the samo size 100 pounds, a cloth cas
ket with metal lining about 17f pounds.
Other metallic caskets weigh from 4 CO
to ,ri00 pounds. Aluminum coffins nro
not likely to hecomo popular among the
poor, as their cost ranges from J 100 to
$7C0.-Ncw York World,
END OF POLICEMAN FAGAN'S
llni st ,,, (hnril Oter ttic 1,'iiiiiIim for
Trn Venn tin Mi-I All snrlti ol
!'llt;rlii, I n .'In d I n t; rrliirm, lining mill
w N the rethi ment of
YV i,,t, I-,... i...
rw,,,i ,,,111, mi-
,j the Republic loses
a goon ami iiiiiiiiui
seivant, wlio-e du
ties were im honor
able as they wen
I ('sponsible, lie was
only a humble paik
policeman, but he
guarded the tomb
Similar sei vices, In
nf tlciicral (Siiitit,
other rountiles. have been bestowed, in
special marks of favor, on men of mill
tut rank or distinction, who have licui
letlieil with dci'oi at Ions and with titles
of honor. John Is content with n small
pension, ami with the i ('collection that
he has met men of alt ranks, and from
all nations, and has tte.ited them all
on terms of absolute and impaitlal
equa'ltv. while the highest among them
would not have dreamed of addiesilng
John other than as an equal. John Fa
gan for ten yean had all sorts and con
ditions of pllgilms to deal with. lie
met queen ami piince, soldier, sailor,
tinker, tnllor, poor man, rich man,
plow boy nnd all the rest He Is a
ehcei lilshman. and be lives with a
cheery little wife In a cheery little
Some of the WorliPs Fair visitors to
Klvcrslde Park wondeied why they
found only a plain, guiv-eoited pollie
muu at the tomb, Instead of a gaudy
commander and a showy guaid from
the "Regular Army. ()!"
The authorities did try the "Regular
At my. ()," at the tomb for awhile, but
when It was found that old John nnd his
comrades did as well, the "legulais"
Mr. Pagan sometimes talks about his
experlenco at the Grant tomb, and this
Is the reconl of one couveisation.
"Yes, sir; yes, sir. I was right b the
tomb nt all times of the night and at
all times of the day and at all sea-iius.
You see. there were three 'HhiftH of
duty, and I had my t tit ii at each and
all of them. They had a company of
soldiers theie from Fort Hamilton for
the tlrst ten or eleven mouths, but even
while they were there, theie wero al
ways some of iih park policemen th"ie
vvitli them. 1 was theie with tho sol
diers fiom the beginning. The funeral
was the stli of August, issr., tin. I on
Juno 110, LSSii. tho soldiers were with
drawn, and it was on that day that 1
was legularly assigned to duty at the
tomb. 1 will never forget the night of
the funeral. There had been lots of
excitement all day, with the hands end
the mnrches, but by 7 or S o'clock the
crowd thinned away. Then the .vork
of seallng-ln the steel casket Into the
Inner place- far beyond the reach of
robbers began. The workmen weie
hninnierlng away In there until 1
o'clock In the morning. You could look
In and see their little fniges blazing,
and hear the liellows pulling. There
weie four or live workmen theie and
they were sometimes smoking their
pipes as they worked, smoking nnd
blowing up fires, and hammering and
chatting. Well, well, 1 suppose It was
all rlglit, hut It made the watchers out
side feel queer. 1 don't mean only on
account of the smoking nnd talking, hut
on account of nil the things that you
writing men would write about the
loneliness outside, and the ilver, and
the iccollcctloiiM of the day, and know
ing who the corpse had been, and the
glimmering of the flies, and the clang
of tho hammers, and the hour of night.
I do not believe that I ever felt as lone
some n.s I did at midnight, nnd that,
mind mii, with the workmen Inside,
They made mo feel more lonesome than
ever. They appeared to be so uncanny.
"My," continued John, "what ciowds
there were during that lirst year! For
the first month and more we park police
had to have etra men to help keep tho
crowds in line, particularly on Sundnvs,
when the people would come by the-I
was going to say by the million. Well,
it looked like that, anyway. Nobody,
either on tho other side of the water or
on this, ever saw anything like it be
fore, nnd possibly nobody ever will
again. The ciowds used to keep pour-
mg along until 10 or 11 o'clock at night.
Tho crowds kept well up In numbers
for two or three ycairi. Even now, in
summer timo, the crush Is terrible.
"I could not begin to tell you about
tho famous people I have met tit the
tomb from till pints of tho world. I
would trcnt them like nnybody oUc,
and 1 never made a point of asking
their names, though I would hoar Bonie
of them without the nsklng. I remem
ber tho Princess Eulallo or Infnntn
Eulalle, very well. You could not help
knowing who sho was. Sho waii a very
ngreenblo lady, but I do not know
wlicthe r she appreciated the honor that
she win doing to herself nnd her coun
try by making her visit. Perhaps nhe
did. I think she would be Just as well
i(tlv(d If she weie to come back here
again. She Ii a lady, even If she Is n
Spaniard. 1 never allowed politics, nor
niitlouallties nor anything of that tort
to Interfeie with my conduct.
"I have met other loyalties that 1
knew by name. (Jueen Kaplolanl, for
liistnm o, nnd she was a very much In
terinted visitor. Lllluokalanl was with
her, and General Domluls, and a lot of
other people. They all asked lots of
questions. Then I hud Japanese Pi luces
and Hindoo princes and dukes ves, 1
think 1 had both the old and the .voting
duke of Marlborough. But If I lenieni
beted all the nnnicH. you would 1111 up
the whole paper with them.
"About three .v ears a go this last sum
mer 1 bad something of a strange ex
perience. Two old gentlemen came to
the tomb. Thov looked to be well off.
They had miiiio talk among themselves,
and then one of them said to me: 'Of
Hi cr. 1 am going to ask oil a question,
and I suppose that after I hav" stated
It .vou will think It a very foolish one.'
"'I don't know,' said I, 'There are
a meat muiiv questions started that
way here, and I am used to thiin.'
" 'I'll tell you, then,' said he, 'Very
near a hundred .vears ago friends of
ours came lieie on a vlnlt fiom Eng
land. With them was one bo), about
veins old. While here the boy died.
Their friends had the place up there -the
Claietnont- and that is wheie they
weie visiting when the boy died. They
111 l'1 l!rySrrTWnlftt1
LITTLE TOMB NEAR GRANT'S.
hurled hi in ou the giouinl that belong
ed to the pait.v that they weie visiting.
and at that time extended all about
lure. Now. this t'laiemout mansion and
estate was away out of the city of New
Yoik at'that time, and I suppose we'll
never have any show of llnding out
exactly where that boy was bulled, an l
we would like to llnd bis grave, ami,
In fact, have come to Aitieilca mostly
for thai purpose.' Ami they iniihl not
have come for much else. They weie
both such old men.
"Well. 1 asked them what the name
was, and one of them wild 'Pollock,'
so 1 said again 'Pollock?' in a sin prised
way, because 1 could not help being
surprised; and he said again 'Pollock.'
Then I said, 'Well. I think I can find
that place for you.' "fhe uravc?' they
said. 'I believe the very giave you
are looking for,' said I, and then II
was their turn to be quite moved, loo.
They both said, 'Well, if you can do
that we will be eri tlrinki'ul to you.'
1 took them to a knoll about f00
feet away from the tninb. Theie, right
on the hiow of the river. Is a tombstone-
a nice little marble tombstone.
Th monument stands perhaps six or
seven or eight feet high. That wns tho
very thing the Strnngon weie looking
for. The one of them thai talsed the
most said to me: 'The body ot that boy
was placed there In 17!7. The folks
that lived In the Chiremout House at
that time owned all the land around
about heie. We aie two brothers,
and If Unit child had been living now
he would have been our uncle. We thank
you very much for sh.i.vlng us the
"I never heard from or ol the old
gentlemen since. The.v were so anxi
ous that it Is easy to imagine that
theie might have been some law ques
tion some question nf the succes
sion to an estate- Involved.
"The little gravestone was In danger
of being destroyed by relic hunters
who picked awny at it simply because
It was near Grant's Tomb, and they
thoughl that it had something to do
with It, But a railing was put mound
it by the Park Board to keep thr m off.
"Suicided? Yes, unfoittinately there
have Ik en suicides In tho neighborhood
of the Grant Tomb. A good many shot
themselves. They lilted the place be
hind the little boy's grave. Tho houra
that they generallj chose and the hours
that had to be looked out for wero be
tween 1 and :i o'clock in the nioinlng
and especially on a dark or stormy
morning; anil such mornings what
was to lie done? We could hear tho re
port of the pistol and go to look for
the body when it was light enough to
tee, and sometimes a body would be
found when no one on duty In the
neighborhood had heard or could havo
heard the report of a pistol.
"Tho peoplo that aro at tho tomb
now will miss Mrs. Grant. When she
lived In New York she was very at
tentive. Sho would often ho here three
or four times a week, nnd often Col,
Ftcd Grant would bo with her. I mot
Gon. Sherman at tho tomb two or throo
times outside of tho formal times when
he was here when something was go
ing on. He never lud much to say. I
havo mot Gen. Hornco Porter often. Ho
Is a very fine man. Oh, and vvl.nt a lot
of Southern visitors wo ubed to have,
and I have not notlcod any people
come there with morn respect and hot
ter feeling than tho Southern people.
"Mrs. Cleveland used to be often
there, and I havo seen Mr.Clovolnnd
driving around there, but it was when
ho was not President. A lot of ladles
who attended tho Claremont teas would
visit tho tomb. I used to take par
ticular note of tho Japanese visitors.
They would como there In grout iium-
hers--and the Japanese ?cctn to thlnb
eveiything of Gen Grant.
"I have often been asked w bethel
any one ever made an .it tempt to steal
the body of Gen. Grant. I should saj
not. It would he crazy for even thn
looniest man to think of .Midi a thing,
Leaving aside the mutter of the con-i-tant
watch of the tomb, think of the
task that would have to be faced. Thfl
outside casket weighs .l.Mio pounds;
the metallic casket weighs (i,70(l
pounds; the body Is in i i pilar wood
(asket; there aie only a lew keys to tin
mausoleum, which Is as nionglv bolted
and haired as a fortress, ami the keys
ate held only by Mrs. Grant and tho
memheis of the Geueial's family,
and pel haps a privileged friend, and
by the Park otllcials or police who have
the direct guardianship of the tomb."
TENDERLOIN A DRAWING CARD
NimI Appointed I'otlrrtiMMi All Autliius
In llo Duty llierr.
The ambitious policeman no sooner
sccuics nn appointment ou the force
than he endeavors to get u transfer to
the Tenderloin district, says the New
York lletald. This district ban tho
lepiitatlou in the police department of
being the "promotion prvlnet" of tho
department nnd It Is a well-aiithentl-eated
fact that more promotions havo
been made fiom that station house
than from any other In the city during
the Inst llfteen enis.
P.itiolmcn appointed on the force al
most hofoto the get accustomed to
wearing the blue cloth and brass but
tons, seek nut their political backera
and ask that liilluence shall he used to i((
get them "sent to the Tenderloin."
Foiiner Inspector Williams, as Is well
known, was piomoted to the tank of In
spector while doing duty In the Ten
derloin and hu was followed b.v former
Inspector William W. McLaughlin, who
was the commander of the Tenderloin
when the gold shield dropped his way.
The sergeants who have been mado
captains while doing de.tk and patrol
duty in the Tenderloin aro Innumer
able. They include Capls. Schmlttbcr
ger, Wcstcrvolt, Price, Crns.i, Shcehan
and Chapman. Among the roundsmen
who have been promoted to the rank of
sergeant from the Tenderloin can bo
cited Sergts. McNally, Kenny, Albert
son, Gehegan, Undent). m, Coiighlnn,
Daly. Shibles, Norman, Wrstcrvclt,
Norton and Kemp.
Roundsmen Hulse, McCiillough,
Utility, Giuliani and others did patrol
duty in the Tendei loin before they wero
chosen for promotion. Detective Sergt.
Grady, Caiey (who was killed vvbllei
in resting a "cinok" In 7th avenue in
lSti.'), Detective Price, "Cy" Rogers and
others weie taken from the ranks in
the Tenderloin and sent downtown to
do detective work at headquarters. Tho
only appointment of a doorman to tho
police foice wns made In the Tender
loin, when Charles .1. Mechlin wan ap
pointed and detailed to the detcctivo,
bureau. William II. Median, the prei
i'iit doorman of the West I'.Oth Htivel
station. Is a candidate for appointment
on the force, nnd expects to get tho
good news any day,
Theie has been a steady and ever In
ei easing application for transfer to tho
Tenderloin tflstrlct for many years.
The police are superstitious nbout
dnlr.g duty In the district and bcllcvo
that ways for them to distinguish
themselves are thiovvn in their path la
1 tin Aliln Killlor.
The village wag thought ho would'
have some fun with the mlld-ninnnered
young man who had recently taken
charge of tho county paper.
"I say," he said, coming Into the of
llce excitedly, "there's a man on tho
street looking for you with a club."
The young editor looked up pleasant
ly. "Is that so?" be Inquired. "Wo mako
special i eductions to clubs. How many
subscribers hns hu got?"
Whereupon the wag felt that ho liucl
liarked up the wrong tree. Truth. '
The smnllcst egg is that of tho tiny
Mexican humming bird. U is scarcely
linger than a pin's head. '
1 Coloied laces never have blue ejes..
' rni , . . . .
iiieir eyes arc always iiari; nrovvn,
biownlsh yellow or black.
If the entlte population of the world
Is considered to be l.tOO.uOO.UUO, tho
brains of thin number of human beings
would weigh l,'j'J,711! tons, or as much
ns ninety-six Iron clads of the ordinary
A white object of any size may bo
seen in sunlight at a dUtanco or 17,
"j0 times Its diameter; that la to say,,
If It is a white ball a foot in diameter,
it can bo perceived at a distance of
The whiskers of a cut are supposed1
by come naturalists to he provided with
nerves down to the tip, while others
bellovo that the base of tho hair Is bet
ter lilted out with nerves than mo3t
other parts of the skin.
Tho vital principle Is ctrongest In
tho common tortoise. Ono of theso ani
mals has lived for six months after
the removal of Its brain, and tho
seveied head ban shown signs ot llfo
threo days after being cut off.
It is nnnounccd In England that tho
flounces of the Indian empire nro in
good condition, and that tho railroad
system of that country Ib to bo expand
ed. Tho mouey to build thoso roads
Is to bo raised In a different way than
any hitherto borrowed. It has been
tho ciiBtom to get loans In Europo, but
now that all payment of interest has to
bo in gold, tho authorities of India will,
try to get their money at homo and so(
remain independent of foreign banks,
and bankers j
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