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About The Red Cloud chief. (Red Cloud, Webster Co., Neb.) 1873-1923 | View Entire Issue (May 25, 1894)
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EXTENDED HISTORY OF HIS LIFE.
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Of the Plret and Fumoua Praaldent r
lfi;l' tho United Statea by n Karl?
"' Writer I ncidcnt aud Advcnturce
of Hit lilfo.
Retrospeet of the origin of the Ameri
can revolutionary wai Of Geo.
Washington as a memember of
Cougross, in 1774 and 1775 Ai
Commander ia Chief of the arm
ies of tlio United Colonics in
1775 and 177C, and hia opera
tions near Boston in these years.
chapter n1774 to 177G.
To tho president of Congress an
nouncing this appointment, General
Washington replied in the following
"Mn. President Though I am
truly Bensible of tho high honor done
me in this appointment, yet I feol
great '.distress from a conpoiousnoss
that my abilities and military exper
ience may net bo equal to the exten
sive and important trust. However,
as the Congross desiro it, I will enter
upon the momenluoui duty, and exert
evory power I possoss ia their sprvioe,
and for support of the glorious' cause.
I beg they will accopt my most cor
dial thanks for this distinguished tes
timony of their approbation.
"But lest somo unluoky event
should happen unfavorable to my rep
utation, I beg it may be remembered
by every gontlcman in the room, that
I this day dcolaro, with the utmost
sincerity, I do not think myself equal
to the command I am honored with,
"As to pay, sir, I beg leavo to as
sure the Congress that as no pecun
iary consideration could have tempt-
od mo to aocopt this arduous employ
ment, at the exponse of my domostio
oase and. happiness, do not wish to
make any profit from it. I will keep
an exact acoount of my expenses;
thoso I doubt not they will discharge,
and that Ib all I desire."
A special commission was made out
for him, and at the samo timo a unan
imous resolution was adopted by Con
gross, "that thoy would maintain and
assist him, and adhere to him with
thoir lives end fortunes, for tho main
touanoo and preservation of American
He immediately entered upon the
dutiei of his high station. Aftor
passing a few dajs in New York, and
,C' making somo arrangements with Gen.
r eohuylor, who commanded thcro, ho
prooeeded to Cambridge, which wai
iftxmmidSk Tr--,rfflffilf,fffWi,y,iY-',inM jiKtfi ..' MHWr-'.ur.'.tii'li'aw.'
Eternal Vigilance is the Price of Liberty," and One Dollar a year is
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tho headquarters of tho American
army. On hid way thither, he re
ceived from private persons and pub
lio bodies, tho most flattering atten
tion, and tho strongest expressions of
determination to aupport him. He
rooeived an address from tho Provin
oial Congress of New York, ia which,
after expressing their approbation of
his elevation to command, they say:
"We have the fullest assuranoci, thai
whenever this important oontoit shall
bo deoided by that fondest wish of
oaoh American soul, an accommoda
tion with our mother eountry. you
will cheerfully resign tho important
deposit committed into your hands,
and re-assumo tho oharaetcr of our
worthiest citizen." The General, af
ter dcolaring his gratitudo for the re
spect shown bin, added: "Be as
sured that every exertion of my
worthy colleagues and myself will be
extended to tho re-establishment of
peace and harmony betwoen tho moth
er country and these colonics, As to
the fatal but necessary operations of
war, when we assumed the soldier wo
did not lay asido the citizen, and we
shall most sinocrely rejoice with you
in that happy hour when the re-establishment
of Amsrioan liberty, on tho
most firm and solid foundations shall
enable ub to return to our private sta
tions in the bosom of a frao, peaoeful
and happy eountry."
A committeo from tho Massachu
setts Congress received him at Spring
field, about one hundred miles from
Boston, and conduotcd him to tho
army. Ho was soon after addressed
by tho Congress of that colony in the
most affectionate manner. In this
answer,- he said: "Gentlemon, your
kind congratulations on my appoint
ment and arrival, demand my warmest
acknowledgments, and will ever be
retained in grateful reniombranoc. In
oxohangiug the enjoyments of domes
tic life for the presont duties of my
presoot honorable, but arduous sta
tion, I only emulate the virtue and
publio spirit of tho whole provinoe of
Massachusetts, which, with a firmness
and patriotism without example, has
saonilccd all tho oomforts of sooial
and political lifo in suDnort of tho
rights of mankind, and the welfare of
our ' oommon country. My highest
ambition is to be tho happy instru
ment of vindicating tlicso rights, and
to seo this devoted province again re
stored "to peace, liborty and safety."
When Gon. Washington arrived at
Cambridge, ho was roooivod with tho
joyful acclamations of the American
army. At the head of his troops, be
published a declaration previously
Red Cloud, Webster County,
drawn up by Congress, in tho nature
of a manifesto, totting forth tho reas
ons for taking up arms. In this, after
enumerating various grievances of tho
colonics, and vindicating them for a
premeditated design of establishing
independent states, it was added: "In
our own native land, in dofenso of the
freedom which is our birthright, and
which wo cvor onioye'u till tho lato
violation of it; for the protootion of
our propel ty, acquired solely by tho
industry of our forefathers and our
selves, against violence actually of
fered; wo havo taken up armfl. We
shall lay them down when hostilities
shall ocaso on tho part of tho aggres
sors, and all danger of their being
renewed shall be removed, and not be
fore" When Gen. Washington joined the
American army, ho found tho British
intrenohed on Bunker's Hill, having
also three floating batteries in Mystic
River, and a twenty gun ship below
the ferry between Boston and Charles
ton. Thoy had also a battory on
Copse's Hill, and wero strongly forti
fied on tho Neck. Tho Americans
wero intrenohed at Winter Hill, Pros
pect Hill and Roxbury, communcating
with one another by small posts over
a distanco of ten miles, nor could
they bo contracted without exposing
the country to tho. incursions of the
The army put under tho eommand
of Washington amounted to 14,500
men. Several circumstances con
curred to render this forco very inade
quate to aotive oporations. Military
stores wtro deficient in camp, and the
whole in tho country was inconsider
able. On tho 4th of August, all tho
stock of powder in tho Amerioan
camp, and in tho publio magazines of
would havo mado yory little more than
nino rounds a man. In this destitute
condition tho army remained for a
fortnight. To tho want of powder
was added a very general want of bay
onots, of clothes, of working tools,
and a total want of engineers. Under
all thceo embarrassment, tho General
observed, that "ho had tho materials
of a good army; that tho men wore
able-bodied, aotive, zealous In the
cause, and of unquestionable cour
age." He immediately instituted
suoh arrangements as woro calculated
to increase their capacity for servioe.
Tho.jairmy was distributed into brig
adesaod divisions, and on his recom
mendation, general staff officers were
appointed Kcononiy, union and sys
tem were introduced into every de
partment. As tho troops camo into
service under the authority of distinct
Neb., Friday, May 25,
Only one Mortgage. Interest and Principal
Payable at your home bank. No Com
mission. If jou can't come to see us write to us
and we will call on you.
Myees & McCrary,
Red Cloud, Nebraska.
oolontal governments, no uniformity
existed among the regiments. In
Massachusetts tho men had ohoson
thoir officers, and (rank excepted)
woro in ether rcspeots, frequently
thoir equals. To form one uniform
mass of thcBO discordant materials,
and to subject freemen animated with
tho spirit of liberty, and collected for
Its defense, to tho control of military
disoiplioo, required patience, forbear
ance and a spirit of accommodation.
This dclioato and arduous duty was
undertaken by Gen. Washington, and
diioharge with great address. When
ho had mado considorablo progress in
disciplining his army, the term for
whioh enlistmonts had takon place
was on the point of expiring. The
troops from Conneotiout and Rhedo
Island wore only engaged to tho first
of Deeombcr, 1775; and no part of
tho army longer than to tho first of
January, 177C. Tho commander in
chief made early and forciblo repre
sentations to Congress on this sub-
jeot, and urged them to adopt effioisnt
measures for tho formation of a new
army. They deputed throe of their
members, Mr. Lynch, Dr. Franklin
and Kr. Harrison, to repair to camp,
and, in conjunction with him and the
chief Magistrates of tho New England
colonics, to confer on the most effec
tual mode of continuing, supporting
ana regulating a continental army.
By them it was resolved to list 23,722
mon, as far as practicable, from tho
troops beforo Boston, to servo till the
last dav of December. 377C. unUaH
sooner discharged by Congress. In
tho execution of this resolve, Wash
ington called up all officers and sold
iers to make their aleotion for retiring
or oontiauing. Several of tho infer
ior officers retired. Many of tho mon
would not centinuo on any torms.
Several refused unless they wore in
dulged with furloughs. Others, un
less tbey woro allowed to choose their
officers. So many impediments ob
structed tho recruiting service, that it
required great address to obviate them.
Washington mado foroiblo appeals in
general orders, to tho prido and pa
triotism of both effioers nd mon. He
promised tvery indulgonoo compatible
with safety, and every comfort that
the stato of tho country authored.
In genoral orders of tho 20th of Oo
tober, ho observed; "Tho times, and
tho importance of tho great cause wo
are engaged in. allow no room for hes
itation and delay.
To be continued.
KukumatismCubkdin a DAY."MyHt!o
Uura" for Ithmraatlsm nud Neuralgia,
radically oarus in 1 to S dayi. It action
upu the aystom ia raiaarkable and mya
tarlvus. It rainovta ut enco the cutua
and the disease immediately dliinpet,rs.
The first dose greatly UnelHa, 7Cola.
Hold by Deyo St Orlca, DrugijUtB, Red
Dr. Prlco'a CrtttM Baklag Powder
A Pure draff Craw of Tartar Powder.
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the Price of The Chief.
PROGNOSTICATIONS OF WEATHER.
Prepared and Fiirnlalied for Special
Pabllcatlua In the fled Cloud
Chief by W. T. Poster.
Copyrighted in 1891 by Vf. T. Foster.)
St. Joseph, Mo, May 25th. My
last bulletin gave foroeasts of the
torn waves to oross the oontinent
from May 27th to 31st. and thai
next will reaoh the Pacific coast
about the 31st, cross the westorn
mountains by dose Juno 1st, tho great
central valleys from 2d to 4th, and
the eastern states about the 6th.
Vcsy warm weather will prcoede
this disturbance, and the storm eon
tor will increase in forco in and east
of tho great contral valleys from Juno
2d to 5th.
Tho second disturbance of Juno
will roaoh the Paoifio coast about the
6th, oross the western mountain! by
oloso of 7tb, Iho great central valleys
from 8ih to 10th, and tho eastern
states about the 11th. It will attain
its greatest forco east of the Missis
sippi about tho 10th.
Warm waves will eross the western
mountains about May 31st and Juno
6th, the great central valleys about
June 2d and 8ih. and tho caatorn
tales about 4th Bnd 10th. Cool
waves will cross tho western moun
tains about Juno 3d and 9th, tho
great oenfral valleys about 5th and
11th, and the eastern states about 7th
Tho toaporaturo of Juno will be
near the goncral averago, the first
half of the month warmest. Rain
fall will bo above the average, exoept
immediately cast of tho Rooky Moun
tains. About tho 3d or 4th is a danger
period. Earthqakcs arc caused by
the same foroes that cause tornadoes.
These pent up foroes sometimes find
vont through an earthquake, and
sometimes through tho tornado. Tor-
J nadoei and earthquakes usually ocour
at the samo time, but when tho earth
quake is great tho tornado is email
and woak, and when the letter is great
tho foroo of tho carthquako is les
sened. Electricity ia tho force, the
tho earth beoonr.ei overcharged or ly
charged, and tho only relief is by
olectrioity passing off into apace.
This must ocour through low heroine
ters, which are of all grades, from a
gontle disturbance to tho torrible tor
nado, This means of eecjpo from the
earth is oalled convection, bcoause
the oleotrical forces aro conveyed
awayontho particles of mattor, noti
continuous, that cooiposs too storm
Vol.21. No. 44
conter. Where tlectrioity ia oondaot
ed through continuous matter, u
copper wlro, it ia called eonduotion.
Belief by earthquake is neither
oonvootion nor eonduotion, but ia
similar to lightning between olonda,
where the eleotrioity tears its way
through matter, deatroying tho as
dium rather than being convoyed on
or coduoted by it.
The disturbance of Sune 3d or 4th
!b exnected to find relief thratnrh a
great earthquake m somo earthqnake
oountry, rather than by tornado ia
Bomo tornado oountry.
THE FLOATINO PLANETS.
Our scientists teaob that by some
unexplained miraelo, the earth, tie
moon and other planets and satellites
wero thrown into motion, whioh pre.
vents tho moons from falling to their
primaries and tho planets from falling
into tho snn. I dony the correctness
of tins original impulse theory aid
donounce it as an enemy to progress.
The velocities of these bodies prob
ably carries them out farther from
their primaries, but reason tesehea
that thoy float in bodies of eleotrioity
whioh aro of tho same material as the
ether of spaoe.
We varnish tho outside of a glass
bowl and hold it over the eondueter
of a machine, whioh draws Iho eleo
trioity from tho bowl leaving it nega
tive. The eleotrioian would aaj the
bowl is thus saturated with eleetrici y
but roally it is left without eleotrioity.
it would be just as intelligible to saj
that a bowl is saturated with sainni
wator after the water is all poured out
Continuing tho experiment, we eon
ncct a metallio plato with the earth
and invert tho bowl on the plate over
a number of pith balls. Electricity
comes from tho earth to supply the
deficiency in the invertod bdwl and
the metal plate develops an electro
shero, which causes tho pith balls to
float and bob up and down ia the
bowl till tho latter has regained i's
(Continued on Page 8.)
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