The Red Cloud chief. (Red Cloud, Webster Co., Neb.) 1873-1923, May 04, 1894, Image 2

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or 111 Viral and Fainom President or
tlie United Statu by an Karl?
Writer Incident and Adventure
or Ills Lire.
Of Georgo Washington's birth, family
and edeuation Of his mission to
the French commandant on tho
Ohio in 1753 His military op
erations as an officer of Virginia
from 1704 to 1758 Subsequent
employments to tho crmnicnoc
mont of tho American Revolution.
Chapter I 1753 to 1758.
Continued from lost week.)
The controversy about tho Ohio
lands, which began in Virginia, was
taken up very seriously by Great
Britain, and two British regiments
were sent to Amerioa to support the
claims of his Britannia majesty.
Thoy arrived early in 1755, and were
commanded by Gon. Braddook. That
officor, being informed of the talents
of George Washington, invited him to
servo the campaign as a volunteer aid
OlcJ de oamp, Tho invitation was cheer--'
illy accepted, and Washington
joined Gen Braddook near Alexandria,
and proceeded with him to Will's
Creek, afterwards called Fort Cumber
land. Here tho army was detailed
till tbo 12th of June, waiting for
wagons, horses and provisions. Wash
ington had early recommended the use
ef pack horses, instead of wagons for
convoying the baggago of tho army.
The propriety of this advioe soon be
came apparent, and a considerable
ohange was mado in conformity to it.
Tbo army had not advanced mueh
aoro than ten miles from Fort Cum
berland, whon Washington was seized
with a violent fever, but neveithelcss
continued with the army, being con
veyed in fv covered wagon, after he
had refused to stay behind, though so
much exhausted as to bo unable to
rido on horseback. Ho advised tho
general to leave his heavy artillery
and baggage behind, and to advance
rapidly to Fort Duquesne, with a se
lot body tf troops, few necessary
tores, and some pieoes of light artil
lery. Hopes were indulged that by
this expeditious movement, Fort Du
(jucHtio might ho reAahed in its present
weak stato with a fnrno sufficient to re
duee it, before expected rcinforco
ment should arrive. Gen. Draddock
approved the schemo, and submitted it
to tho consideration of a counoil hold
at the Little Meadows, which recom
mended that the commander in chief
should advance as fast as poaeiblo
with 1200 scloot men. and that Col.
Dunbar should remain behind with
tho remainder of tho troops and tho
heavy baggage. This advanced corps
commoncod its march with only thir
ty carriages, but did not prooccd with
the rapidity that was expected. They
frequently balled to lovol tho road,
and to build bridges over inconsider
able brooks. Thoy . consumed four
days in pissing over the Grst nineteen
miles from Little Meadows. At this
placo, the physicians deolarcd that
Col. Washington's lifo would bo en
dangered by advanoing with tho nrmy.
Ho was thcreforo ordored by Gon.
Braddook to stay behind with a .small
guard till Dunbar should nrriyo with
tho roar of tho army. As soon an his
strength would pouuit, ho joinod tho
advanced dotacliDiont, and immediate-
a ly entered on tho duties ol his ollx'o.
Tw On tho next day, July 9th, n dreadful
fcccno took placo. When Braddoek
had crossed the JVIononguhclo, nml waa
only a few miles from Fort Duquosnt,
. - iflmM0rKtttimmtmm
Eternal Vigilance is the Price of Liberty," and One Dollar a year is
and was pressing forward without any
apprehension of danger, ho was at
tacked in an open road, tliiok sot with
grass. An invisible enemy, consist
ing of Frcuch and Indiana, commenced
a heavy and well dircctod fire on his
unoovorcd troops. Tho van fell back
on the main body, and tho whole was
thrown into disorder. Marksmen
lovcled their pieces particularly at of
ficcrsand others on horseback. In short
time Washington was tho only aid
do camp left alivo and not wounded.
On him, therefore, dotrolvcd the wholo
duty of carrying tho general's ordcis.
Ho was of oourso obliged to bo con
stantly in motion, traversing tho
fields of battlo on horseback in all di
rections, lie had two horses shot un
der him, and four bullets passed
through his coat, but ho escaped un
hurt, though every other officer on
horseback was cither killed or wound
ed, l'rovidonco preserved him for
further and greater sorviccs. Through
out the wholo of tho carnago and con
fusion of this fatal day, Washington
displayed the greatest coolness and
tho most perfect self possession.
Braddook was undismayed amidst a
shower of bullets, and by his counte
nance and example, enoouraged his
men to stand their ground; but valor
was useless, and discipline only offer
ed surer marks to the distructivo aim
of unseen marksmen. Uuacquaintcd
with tho Indian mode of fighting,
JJraddook neither advanoid upon nor
retreated from the assailants, but very
injudiciously endeavored to form his
broken troops on the ground whoro
they wcro firBt attacked, and where
they wcro erposcd uncovered to the
incessant galling fire of a sheltered
enemy. Ho had been oautioncd of
the danger to which ho was exposed,
and was advised to advance the pro
vinoials in front of his troops, to
scour tho woods and detect ambus
cades, but ho disregarded tho salutary
recommendation. Tho aotion lasted
nearly thrco hours, in tho course of
which tho genoral had thrco horses
shot under him, and finally received a
wound, of whioh ho died in a fow days
in tho camp of Dunbar, to whioh he
had been brought by Col. Washington
and others. On the fall of Braddook
bis troops gave way in all directions,
ad could sot be rallied till the; had
crossed the Monongahela. The In
dians, nllurcd, by plunder, did not
pursuo with vigor. Tho vanquished
regulars soon foil back to Dunbar'H
camp, from which, after destroying
such of thoir stores as could bo spared,
they retired to Philadelphia. Tho
oniocri in the British rcgimoats dis
played tho greatest bravery, Their
wholn number was 85 and 64 of them
wero killed or wounded, Tho com
mon soldiers wcro so disooncortcd by
tho unusual modo of attack, that thoy
soon broke, and could not bo rallied.
Tho thrco Virginia companies in the
engagement behaved very differently,
and fought liko men till thcro wcro
scarcely 30 men left alivo in tho
whole. This rovorso of fortuno rather
added to, than took from, the reputa
tion of Washington, His country ex
tolled his conduct, and generally said
and believed, that if he had becu com
mander, the disasters of tbo day
would havo boen avoided.
Intolligcnco of Braddoclc's defoat,
and that Col. Dunbar had withdrawn
all tho regular Jorccsi from " irginia,
arrived while tho assembly ol that
colony was in session. Impressed
with tho necessity of protecting their
exported frontier ptttlomonts, thoy de
termined to raise n regiment of nix-
tcen companies Tho command of
this was given to Washington, So
great wis tho public confidence in tho
I soundness of his judgment, that ho
-jf- - "n
Cloud, Webster County, Neb., Friday, May
was authorized to naino the field of
ficers, His commission also desig
nated him as commander iu chief of
all the forces raised, or to bo raised,
in Virginia.
In execution oi tho duties of his
new office, Washington, after giving
tho noccssary orders for tho recruiting
service, visited tho frontiers. He
found many posts, but fow soldiers.
Of these tho best disposition was
made. While on his wsy to Williams
burg to arrango a plan of operation
with tho lieutenant-governor, ho wob
overtaken by an express below Fred
ericksburg, with information that tho
back settlements wcro broken up by
parties of French and Indians, who
wcro murdering and capturing men,
womon aod children, burning their
houses, and destroying their crops,
and that the few trcops stationed on
tho frontiers, unablo to protect tho
country,had -retreated to small stoc
kade forts. Washington altered his
courso from Williamsburg to Winches
ter, and endeavored to collect a forco
for the defonoo of tho country. But
this was impossible. The inhabitants
instead of assembling in arms, and
facing the invaders, fled boforo them,
and extended the general panio,
Whilo tho attention of ibdividuals
was engrossed by their families and
privato concerns, tho general safety
was neglected. Tho alarm became
universal, and tho utmost coufusion
prevailed. Bofore any adequato force
was collected to repel the assailants,
they had safely crossed the Alleghany
mountains, after having done an iin
monsity of mUcbiof. Irruptions of
this kind wcro repeatodly mado into
tho frontier settlements of Virginia,
in the years of 175G, 1757 and 1758.
Thcso generally consisted of a con
siderable number of French and In
dians, who woro detached from Fort
Duquesne. It was thoir usual prac
tice on their approaching the settle
ments, to divide into small parties,
and avoiding the forts, to attack soli
tary families iu tho night, ub well as
tho day. Tho savages, aooustomed to
livo in tho woods, found little difficul
ty in concealing themselvos till their
fatal blow was struck. Sunday unim
portant skirmishers took place, with
various results, bat the nusabbr killed
on both sides waa inconsiderable,
when compared with the mischief
dono, nnd tho many who wcro put to
death, otherwise than in battle. The
invaders could seldom be brought to a
regular engagement. Honorablo war
was not in their contemplrtion. Plun
der, devastation and murder wore
their objects. Tho assemblage of a
respoctablo forco to oppose them, was
their signal for retreating. Irruptions
of this kind wcro so frequont for three
years following Braddook's dofeat,
that in Pennsylvania, tbo frontier Bot
tlers woro divon back at far 03 Car
lisle, and in Maryland to Frederick
town, and in Virginia to tho Blue
To be continued.
How's Tills!
We oiler on hundred dollars reward for
any case of Catarrh that cannot be cored
by Uall'rt Oatarrli Cur.
K. J. CU1NEY k CO., Toledo. 0.
We, tho undersigned have kiovn F. J.
Chenoy for the last lf years, and believo
him perfectly honorable In nil bastaaau
transactions and financially ublo to enrry
out any obligation! made by thoir linn,
YVoit &Trunx, Wholt-salo Druggists, Tole
do, (. aiding ix, Marvin, WboIosaU
Druggists, Toledo, (),
Hall's C'utnrrh Onto in takcu Internally,
acting directly upon the blood nnd mucous
inrtacen of tho nyatein, Testimonials
sent free. J'rloo 7fio. porbnttto. Hold by
a'l DroKK'"1'0'
1'urk'a livory Btiibld nt North i'latto
burned Rnurday night, Loss f 2,000, m-
t'ltrntalicd by County Ntiprrlnliindeitt
n. HI. Hunter.
Tho circular in regard to the ostab
lishment of county High Sohool
filled tho spaco of tho cducati6nal col
umn during tho past four weeks.
Monthly reports havo boen received
from tho following' distriots:
Dh. Teuchtr l'.u. av. At.
SI Carrie L. Bill (pr dpt.).... 30
4 Miss Alma L. Parker 20
U Lulu C. Barker 33
9.1,"?.. Hoover. 25
12Zoa B. Keith 27
14 Mario Taylor 14
1G J. W. Vandivor 18
17 Lulu A. Ayor 28
20 Minnie A. Yensen 3i
22 Hose D.Paul 35
23 John M. Earner 10
24 II. W. Cox 17
27 M. Kalio Nob!? 1G
31 A. N. Allquist (gr dpt.). . .27
Aimer Both (pr dpt.) 51
32 Julia White 21
33 H. Nauda Orchard 20
34Maudo Mook 10
41 Mabel Truman 24
42 Mary L. Farquhar 34
45 L. B. Greenlee 14
40 Mabel H. Day ...2G
48Thos. A. Leonard 31
49 Danl. M. Garber 15
50 Ruth Housoholdcr 11
52Mammie Noble 8
5G Anna Cookrall 34
58 Sarah L. Fisher 17
61 Mary L. Crotty 1G
G3 Oscar A. Arnold 30
G5 Belle Spanoglo 43
6G Emily Robinson 35
71 G. S. Parker 11
75Chas. Foe .....10
7G Nettio M. Hummel 25
78 Carrie M. Hummel (S.d.). ..15
Lester A. Koontz (N. 8.).. .21
80 Jessie Holyiroas 30
81 Oliver Foe 1G
District 17 observed arbor day
planting trocs.
In district 5G, Anna Cockrall
teacher for tho month ending April
20tb, Cliffio Crawiord, Lee Crawford,
Dan Erwin, Ralph Haught, Clarenoe
Hubbard, Ralph Hubbard, Willie
Spraober, Minta Anderson, Halite
Mather, Clara Crawford, Cora Ilub-
bard, Graoo Smith and Susie
wore not absent.
Cora Hubbard, Susio Sprachcr,
Graco Smith and Mintu Andersen had
90 per cent or ovor in deportment.
Tho entertainment given by tho
lied Cloud schools Friday and Satur
day nights of last week in tho opera
house was a oompleto buocchs.
An educational meeting was held
at tho pohool Iiouro in district 3G on
Thursday evening of last week. A
few woro present and somo questions
of gcnoral interest woro disousscd.
On account of tho farmers being
very busy, tho days long, tho nights
short, and a Braall attendance tho con
sequence; tho remaining educational
meetings us announced in tho circular
will bo postponed till next lull.
During this sohool year thirteen
meetings have bean held, A greater
number will bo hold during the next
year, as wo believe, somo good may be
accomplished for the oause of educa
tion 'n this way,
On Saturday, May 12, 1894, at 11
a, m,, u teacher meeting will be held
at Bladen. The program in as follows
Paper lifo of Edward Egglcston,
Eva'yn F, Campbell. Musio. Clats
dull in language -Aimco Roth. Paper-
Tho teacher as n Character
Builder Mary Farquhar. Music.
Paper Tho 8ouatio Method of Teaoh-
4, 1894.
ing A, N. Allquist. Quocry box.
After the roading of each paper
thcro will bo a grand disoussion of tho
This will bo tho last tcaohcra' meet
ing of this school year. A good at
tendance is depircd.
Prepared and I'lirnUlied for Nnccial
1'nbllcutlon lit tlie lied Cloud
Chirr by W. 'I. 1'onter.
Co) righted In 1891 by W. T. Poster.
St. Joseph, Mo, May 4th. My
last bulletin gavo forecasts of tho
storm waves to cross tho continent
from May 9th to May 13th, and from
May 3d to 7th. Tho next will reach
thol'aoifin ooast about tho 14th, cross
tho wostorn mountains by oloso 15th
tho great central valleys from lfiih to
18th, and tho eastern Btatcs about tho
May is usnatly a quiet weather
month, but this yoar it will assume
tho roll of Maroh, and muoh blustory
weather will bo cxporicnood, This
storm wavo will oontinuo this unusual
weather, and a larger number of elec
trical disturbances than usual may bo
expected. This disturbance will also
inaugurate tho cooler half of the
month, the temperaturo of whioh will
averago about as muoh below the nor
mal as the first half will averago
The warm wave will cross tho west
tern mountains about tho 14th, tho
groat central vallej a about tho ICtb,
and tho eastern Btatcs about tho 18th.
The cool wavo will cross tho west
era mountains about tho 17th, tho
great central valleys about tho 19th,
and tho eastern states about 21st.
Among the most suggestivo experi
ments in clcotrioity is that of tho
pith balls. Tho pith of cornstalks or
other vcgctablo growth arc used be
causo thoy aro very light in weight.
Balls tho sizo of a pea are mado of
this substance and hung by cotton
threads and fastened to a knob, plato
or tho point of a wiro that will con
duot eleotticity. The cotton thread
is used because U is a good oouduo'or
of eleotricity. An eleotrio charge is
thea oauaed to eater the knob, and
from it the pith balls are charged.
They immediately separate and swing
as far from each other as tho threads
will permit. As tho eleotricity slow
ly ovaporatcs, or is lost by going off
into tho atmosphere, tho pith balls
slowly come together, and at tho oud
of several hours tho electricity is gone
and tho balls touch.
Tho law of electricity, illustrated
by tho ubovo cxporimont, must neces
sary bo universal, must apply to all
tho heavenly bodies, does away with
tho necessity of a miracle, and ex
plains why tho earth and planets do
not full into tho sun or collido with
each other. It also explains why the
atmosphere expands, causing evapora
tion and drouth, why it couduiises,
causing rainfall.
If tho sun arid plmiots aro electri
fied bodies, electro-dynamos, as admit
ted by most soioutists, thoir relative
positions havo aomotblng to do with
tho tousion of thoir electrical charge:),
and as theso positions aro constantly
changing, tho effects in expanding
and condensing our atmosphoro whuld
givo us almost an ondless variety of
weather. As Morcuiy revolves around
the sun in about bB dayi, Noptuno in
about 101 yours, and the other planets
varying bctwuou theao periods, it ro-
quirei 1G4 yoais for one unmploto set
of ohungon,'(ind the snaotid set of 104
yearn would not he tho sumo as tho
I These fuots givo sntuo idcaof'tho
the Price
Vol.21. No. 41
A croam of tartar baking powder.
Highest of all in leavening strength
Latest United States Goverasaeat
Food Report.
ltoynl Baking Powder Cm,
10 Wall SI., N. T.
oomplcxitlos of the weather question
and why tho soiontists, with all their
great learning and unlimited means
for investigation, have not even made
a start toward long rango weather
forecasts. Thty havo ignored the
real causes so viyidly illustrated by
tho pith ball experiments. Tho earth
is heavily charged with eloctrieity in
tho passing of its incoming cleotrie
currents by the moon or planets, and
then, whilo that elcolrioal charge is
evaporating tho moistaro and other
volatile olcmentof the earJj.qttUtr- g
warm weathor results till a heavenly
body, containing a minus quantity of
clcotrioity, encounters an outgoing
current from the earth, whon the lat
ter is suddenly robbed of a part of its
olcolrio eh ergo, tho atmosphere col
lapses, spills its moisture, is over
turned and cold weathor results,
Keep in mind that every thing con
tains electricity and an elcctrorphere.
Tho latter is a quiot body of eleotrio
ily surrounding tho body as the at
mosphere surrounds the oartb. A tel
egraph wiro or an eleotrio car cable is
surrounded by an elcclrosphere with a
depth varying according to the tension
of tho eleotrio charge.
A porfeot sphoro, that is, a globe
that is perfectly round' with no eleva
tions or depressions; has an eleetre
sphere with a uniform depth. But if
there are oven small olevations and
depressions tho eleotrotphcre ia deep
er over the former ani of leaa depth
over the latter. The eleotricity will
escape at the roaiaeaeei, eat if
these are sharp pointed the eleotricity
escapes moro rapidly.
In accord with tho above wo find all
mountains heavily charged with oloc
trioity which escapes into space Irom
ho mountain poaks. This is probably
tho reason why the mountain peoplo
havo such robust health and why thoso
of tho valleys become so much debili
tated, Along tho low coasts on the
west side of North aud South America
nervous diseases aro moro prevalent
than uluowhcre, and un unusual ten
dency to insanity is noted. Tho
mountain peaks, neur by and num
erous, rob tho low coasts of electrici
ty, and therefore tho iioccssary elcc
tricas tension for sustaining animal
lifo is deficient in the latter localities
Tho coast people find a short rcsi
doncs in tho mountains a wonderful
ly successful remedy for their nervous
Where two bodies Are brought
near each other tho ilcctrospbere of
caoh Is drivon to that side of (Boh
thut is oppoailo to the other, In ease
of tho earth aud moon tho clootros
phcro of tho latter is ahvaja on that
Dido farthest from tho earth, aud on
that sido opposito tho moon. That
oloutroiphero oauses tho tides, whioh
aro lowost under the mocn and highest
on tho opposito sido of the earth.
This lute atntcmont is made advised
ly, and the rcador is requested to in
ii . .
Dr. Price' Creaai Baklag Paweltc .
A Pur (raf CraaM ef Tartar Pewaer
i ,