The Red Cloud chief. (Red Cloud, Webster Co., Neb.) 1873-1923, May 04, 1894, Image 1
gr-i A1' fe kv , ft l V IS . mrowwamw.wiwwiHW'O'rMn w,iww i ,J-. ;' w ' & n-v All Home Print. GEN. WASHINGTON EXTENDED HISTORY OF HIS LIFE. Of th First and Fanione President of the United Slates by an Karly Writer lucldcnta and Adventure of Ilia Lire. CHAPTER I. Of Oeorgo Washington's birth, family and odouation Of his mission to the Fronoh commandant on the Ohio in 1753 His military op erations as an officer of Virginia from 1754 to 1758 Subsequent employments to the ermmenoo ment of the Amerioan Revolu tion, Chapter 1 1753 to 1758. Continued from lost week. Tho controversy about tho Ohio lands, which began in Virginia, was taken up very seriously by Great Britain, and two British regiments were sent to America to support tho olaims of his Britannio majesty. Thoy arrived early in 1755, and were oommanded by Gen. Braddoek. That officer, being informed of the talents of George Washington, invited him to serve the eampaign as a volunteer aid de oamp. The invitation was ohcer fully accepted, and Washington johted.Gen Braddook near Alexandria, and proceeded with him to Will's Creek, afterwards called Fort Cumber land. Here the army was detailed till tho 12th of June, waiting for wagons, horses and provisions. Wash ington had early recommended tbe use of pack horses, instead of wagons for eonveying the baggage of tho army. The propriety of this advice soon be came apparent, and a considerable ohange was made in eonformity to it. Tbe army had not advanced much more than ten miles from Fort Cum berland, whon Washington was seized with a violont fever, but noveithoJess continued with the army, boing con veyed in a covered wagon, after ho had refused to stay behind, though so muoh exhausted as to bo unable to ride on horsobaok. He advised the general to leavo his heavy artillery and baggage behind, and to advance rapidly to Fort Duqucsne, with a se lect body of troops, a few neeessary stores, and somo pieoes of light artil lery. Hopes were indulged that by this expeditious movement, Fort Du quesne might be reached in its present weak stato with a force sufficient to re duco it, before expected reinforce ment should arrive Gen. Braddoek approved the scbtmo, and submitted it to the consideration of a counoil hfld t the Little Meadows, which rccom monded that the commander in chief should advance as fast as possible with 1200 scloot men, and that Col. Dunbar Bbould remain behind with the ramainder of tho troops and the heavy baggage. This advanced corps oommonced its march with only thir ty carriages, but did not proceed with the rapidity that was expeoted. They frequently halted to levol the road, and to build bridges over inconsider able brooks, Thoy consumed four days in pausing over the first nineteen miles from Little Meadows. At this plaoo, tho physicians deolarcd that Col. Washington's life would bo en dangered by advancing with the army. Ho was thcrofore ordered by Gen. Braddook to stay behind with a small guard till Dunbar should arrivo with tho rear of tho army. As Boon as his strength would peiinit, ho joined the advancod detachment, and immediate ly entered on tho duties of his office. On tho nxt day, July 9th, a dreadful scene took place. When Braddoek had crossed the Monongaholn, and was only a few miles from Fort Duqucsne, , 3H"f ! ' , . aSV i inrmra;;gttiiig'm Jjffg-- , . Eternal Vigilance is the Price of Liberty," and One Dollar a year is Red and was pressing forward "without any apprehension of danger, ho was at tacked in an open road, thiolc sot with grass. An invisible enemy, consist ing of French and Indians, commonccd a heavy and well directed firo on his unoovcred troops. Tho van fell back on the main body, and tho wholo was thrown into disorder. Mnrksmcn leveled thoir pieoes particularly at of ficers and others on horsobaok. In short time Washington was tho only aid do caiop left alive and not wounded. On him, therefore, devolved the wholo duty of carrying tho general's orders. Ho was of course obliged to bo con stantly in motion, traversing tho fields of battle on horsobaok in all di rections, lie had two horses shot un der him, and four bullets passed through his coat, but ho escaped un hurt, though every other officer on horseback was cither killed or wound ed. Providcnoo preserved him for further and greater services. Through out the wholo of tho earnago and con fusion of this fatal day, Washington displayed tho greatest coolness and the most perfect self possession. Braddook was undismayed amidst a shower of bullets, and by his counte nance and example, enoouraged bis men to stand their ground; but valor was useless, and disoipline only offer ed surer marks to the distructivo aim of unseen marksmen. Uuacquaintod with the Indian mode of fighting, iiraddook: ncitner advanotd upon nor rotreated from the assailants, but very injudiciously endeavored to form his broken troops on the ground whoro thoy wcro first attacked, and whore they wero exposed uncovered to the incessant galling fire of a sheltered enemy. Ho had been oautioncd of the danger to which ho was exposed, and was advised to advance the pro vincials in front of his troops, to scour tho woods and detect ambus cades, but he disregarded tho salutary rooommendation. Tho action lasted nearly tbroo hours, in tho courso of whioh tho general had thrco horses shot under him, and finally reeolved a wound, of whioh ho died in a few days in tho camp of Dunbar, to whioh he had been brought by Col. Washington and others. On tho fall of Braddook his troops gavo way in all directions, and could not be rallied till they had crossed tho Monongahola. Tho In dians, allured, by plunder, did not pursuo with vigor. The vanquished regulars Boon fell baok to Dunbar's oamp, from whioh, after destroying such of their stores as could be spared, thoy retired to Philadelphia. Tho officers in the British regimoats dis played the 'greatest bravery, Their wholo number was 85 and 64 of them wero killed or wounded. Tho com mon soldiers wcro bo disconcortcd by tho unusual modo of attack, that thoy soon broke, and could not bo rallied, Tho threo Virginia companies in the engagemont behaved very differently, and fought liko men till thero were scarcely 30 men left alivo in the whole. This roverso of fortune rather added to, than took from, tho reputa tion of Washington. His country ex tolled his eonduot, and generally said and beliovcd, that if ho had been com mander, tbe disasters of the day would havo been avoided. Intelligenoo of Braddock's defeat, and that Col. Dunbar had withdrawn all tho regular forocs from Virginia, arrived while tho assembly of that colony was in Hcssion. Impressed with tho necessity of protecting their exposed frontier settlements, thoy de termined to raise a regiment of six teen companies. The command of this was given to Washington. So great was tho public confidence in the soundness of his judgment, that he I -.j Miaay .mW dwaMrtsiai;iiiiiii.,.ti wiwawiifrwfclje Cloud, Webster County, Neb., Friday, May was authorized to naino tho field of ficers. His commission also desig nated him as commander in chief of all tho forces raised, or to bo raised, iu Virginia. In exocution of (ho duties of his now office, Washington, after giving tho necessary orders for tho recruiting service, visited tho frontiers. He found many posts, but fow soldiers. Of these tho best dispositiou was made. Whilo on his wpy to Williams burg to arrange a plan of oporation with the lieutenant-governor, ho was overtaken by an express below Fred ericksburg, with information that tho back settlements were broken up by parties of French and Indians, who wcro murdering and capturing men, womon aad children, burning their houses, and destroying their orops, and that tho few troops stationed on tho frontiers, unablo to protect tho oountry, had rctroatcd to small stoc kade forts. Washington altered his courso from Williamsburg to Winches tor, and endeavored to collect a forco for tho defonco of tho oountry. But this was impossible. The inhabitants' instead of assembling in arms, and faoing the invaders, fled befora them, and extended the general panio, While the attention of individuals was engrossed by their families and privato concerns, the general safety was neglcotid. Tho alarm becamo' universal, and tho utmost confusion provailcd. Before any adequato force was collootcd to repel the assailants, they had safely crossed tho Alleghany mountains, after having done 'an im mensity of miscbiof. Irruptions of this kind wcro repeatodly mado into tho frontier settlements of Virginia, in tho years of 175C, 1757 and 1758. Theso generally consisted of a con-' sidcrable number of French and In dians, who wcro detached from Fort Duqucsne. It was their usual prac tice on their approaohing the settle ments, to divido into small parties, and avoiding the forts, to attack soli tary families in tho night, as well as tho day. The savages, acoustomed to live in tho woods, found little difficul ty in concealing themselves till thoir fatal blow was struok, Sunday unim portsnt skirmishers took placo, with various results, but the numbbr killed on both sides was itconsiderable, when compared with tho mischief dono, and tho many who wcro put to death, othorwiso than in battle, The invaders could seldom be brought to a. regular engagement. Honorable war was not in thoir oontemplrtion. Plun der, devastation and murder were their objects. Tho assemblage of a respectable forco to oppose them, was thoir signal for retreating. Iriuptions of this kind wcro so frequent for three years following Braddock's dofcat, that in Pennsylvania, tho frontier Bot tlers wero diven back at far as Car lisle, and in Maryland to Frederick town, and in Virginia to tho Bluo Ilidgo. To bo continued. How'h Tills! We Oder one hundred dollars reward for nay ens of Catarrh that cannot be oared by Hall's Catarrh Cure. E. J. OflKNEY k CO., Toledo. 0. We, the undersigned have kao'vn F. J. Chenoy for the last 16 years, and believe him perfeotly honorable in all basinets transactions and financially able to carry oat any obligations made by thoir firm. West fc Truni, Wholesale Druggists, Tole do, O. Wiildlng & Marvin, Wholesale Druggists, Toledo, O, Hali'u Catarrh Curo is taken internally, noting directly upon the blood and mucous surfaces ef tho system. Testimonial) seut free, l'rloo 70o. per bottle. Bold by nil Druggls'8. Pnrk'a llvftrv stable lit North Plnttn burned Saurday night, Loss $2,000, in. surance. EDUCATIONAL NEWS HAPPENINGS IN OUR SCHOOLS. PurnUlied by rounty Superintendent D. HI, Hunter. - 'Tho circular in regard to tho ostab lishmont of county High Sohool filled tho Bpaco of tho educational col umn during the past four wcckB. Monthly reports have been received from tho following distriots: DM. Tenchsr V.a. av. At. S'l Carrie L. Bill (nr dpi.). . . .3G 27 4 Miss Alma L. Parker 20 G Lulu C. Barkor 33 9 J. P.. Hoover. 25 12Zoa B. Keith 27 14 Mario Taylor 14 10 J. W. Vandiver 18 17 Lulu A. Ayor 28 20Minnio A. Ycnscn.. .... ..31 221toso D.Paul 35 23 John M. Earner 10 24 Hi W. Cox 17 27 M. Ratio Noble 16 31 A. N. Allquist (gr dpt.). . .27 Aimer Roth (pr dpt.) 51 32 Julia White 21 33 II. Maud Orohard 20 34Maudo Moot 19 41 Mabel Truman 24 42 Mary L. Farquhar 34 45 L. B. Grccnleo 14 JG Mabel II. Day 20 48 Thos. A. Leonard 31 49 Danl. M. Garber 15 50 Iluth Householder 11 52Mammie Noble 8 5G Anna Cookrall 34 58 Sarah L. Fisher 17 Gl Mary L. Crotty. 1G G3 Osear A. Arnold . 30 65 Bello Spanoglo 43 GG Emily Robinson 35 71 G. S. Parker 11 75Chas. Foo 10 7G Nottio M. Hummel 25 78 Carrio M. Hummel (S.d.). ..15 Lester A. Koonta (N. S.).. .21 80 Jessio Ilolyeross 30 81 Oliver Foo 1G Distriot 17 observed arbor day 1G 2G 23 20 12 15 12 19 9 15 11 24 43 8 13 15 18 20 12 15 12 G 9 G 28 12 11 20 25 27 8 G 21 10 15 12 12 by planning trees. In district 5G, Anna Cookrall teacher for tho month ending April 2(kb, Cliffio Grawiord, Lee Crawford, Dan Erwin, llalph Haught, Clarenco Hubbard, Ralph Hubbard, Willio Sprachcr, Minta Anderson, Hattie Mather, Clara Crawford, Cora Hub bard, Graoo Smith and Susio Sprachcr wore not absent. ' Cora Hubbard, Susio Sprachcr, Graco Smith and MinU Andoraon had 90 per cent or over in deportment. Tho entertainment given by the Hcd Cloud schools Friday and Satur day nights of last wock in tho opora house was a oomploto success. An educational mooting was held at tho school houso in distriot 3G on Thursday evening of last week. A few wero present and 6omo questions of general interest wero disoussed. On aocouut of tho farmers being very busy, tho days long, tho nights short, and a small attendance tho con sequence; tho remaining educational meetings us announced in tho circular will bo postponed till next full. During this Eohool year thirteen meetings havo been hejd. A greater number will bo held during the next ear, as wo believe, somo good may be accomplished for the causo of educa tion in this way. On Saturday, May 12, 1891, at 11 a, in., a teacher' mooting will bo hold tit Bladen. Tho program is as follows: Ol'KNINf) EXKKOIBE. P.ipor liTo of Edwaid Egglcston, Eva'yn F. Campboll, Music. Class frill in language -Aitnco Both. Pa ver The toucjr as a Character Builder Mnry rquhar. Music Paper The Sooratiei" Method of Teach ilEIJIIU iJCWFU OmUi ui i iM'-tiVlBi. ..-. ? , the Price of The Chief. 4, 1894. ing A, N. Allquist. (Juccry box. After the roading of caoh paper thero will bo a grand discussion of tho subjoet. This will bo tho last tcaohcrs' moot ing of this sohool yoar. A good at tendance is dosircd. WEATHER BULLETIN, PROGNOSTICATIONS OF WEATHER. Prepared mid Piirnlelicd for Special Publication In the Red Cloud Chief by XV, T. Porter. I ICopj righted In 1891 by W. T, Foster. St. Joseph, Mo, May 4th. My last bulletin gave forecasts of tho storm waves to oross tho continent from May 9th to May 13th, and from May .3d to 7th. Tho next will reach tho Paoifin ooast about tho 14th, cross tho westorn mountains by olopo 16th tho great control valleys from lGth to 18th, and tho eastern states about tho 19th. May is usnally a quiot weather month, but this yoar it will assume the roll of Maroh, and muoh blustery weather will be experienced, This storm wave will continuo this unusual werfthcr, and a larger number of elec trical disturbances than usual may be expeoted. This disturbance will also inaugurate tho cooler half of the month, tho temperature of which will nvcrngo about as muoh below tho nor mal as the first half will average above. The warm wave will oross tho west tern mountains about tho 14th, the groat central vallojs about tho 16th, and tho eastern states about tho 18th. Tho eool wavo will oross tho west orn mountains about tho 17th, tho great central valloys about tho 19th. and tho eastern states about 21st. STUDYING ELKCXniClTV. Among the most suggestivo experi ments in clcotricity is that of the pith balls. Tho pith of cornstalks or othor vcgctablo growth aro used be causo thoy are very light in weight. Balls tho sizo of a pea aro mado of this subBtanco and bung by cotton threads and fastened to a knob, plato or tho point of a wiro that will eon duot cleotiioity. Tho cotton thread is used because it is a good conduo'or of eleotrioity. An cleolrlo charge is then caused to enter tho knob, and from it tho pith balls aro charged. Thoy immediately separate and swing as far from each other as tho threads will permit. As tho cloctrioity slow ly evaporates, or is lost by going off into tho atmosphere, the pith balls slowly como together, aud at tho end of several hours tho eleotrioity is gone and tho balls touch. Tho law of cloctrioity, illustrated by tho above experiment, must neces sary bo universal, must apply to all tbe heavenly bodies, docs away with tho nccossity of a miracle, and .ex plains why tho earth and planots do not fall into tho sun or collido with each other. It also explains why the atmouphero cxpauds, causing evapora tion and drouth, why it condenses, causing rainfall. If tho sun and planets uro electri fied bodies, electro-dynamos, as admit ted by most scientists, thoir relative positions havo somothlng to do with tho tension of their electrical charges, and as theso positions aro constantly changing, tho effcots in expanding and condensing our atmosphere whuld givo us almost nn endless variety of weather. Ab Mcrcuiy revolves atound tho sun in about 88 day, Neptune in about 1G1 years, and tho other planets varying between thoso periods, it re quires 161 yearn for ono comploto sot of change, and tho scaotid set of 104 years would not bo tho samo as the first. I ' These facts givo tomo idea of tho 2SI3!WJMPMBr,T- f"i WWaaaw4WiawegWlpgga m ! ' ii i I H r ' "y u " ... o . .i Vol.21. -No. 41 Absolutely vure A cream of tartar baking powder. Highest of a) I in leavening strength Latest United States Goverameat Food Report. Beyal Baking Pwder IOC Wall ft., N. Y. complexities of tho weather question and why tho scientists, with all thoir great learning and unlimited moans for investigation, have not evon made a start toward long rango weather forecasts. Thty havo ignored tho roal causes so vividly illustrated by the pith ball experiments. Tho earth is heavily charged with clootrieity in tho passing of its incoming oleotrio ourrents by the moon or planots, and then, whilo that eleotrieal charge is ovaporating the moisture and other volatilo elements of tho earth, quiet, warm wcathor results till a hoavenly body, containing a minus quantity of oleotrioity, encounters an outgoing ourrent from the earth, when the lat ter is suddenly robbed of a part of its elcotrio chargo, tho atmosphere col lapses, spills its moisture, is over turned and cold wcathor results, Kocp in mind that every thing con tains electricity and an clcctrosplnre. Tho latter is a quiot body of eleotrio ity surrounding tho body as the at mosphere surrounds the earth. A tel ograph wire or an cleotrio car eablo is surrounded by an eleotrosphcro with a dopth varying acoording to the tension of the oleotrio chargo. A perfect sphere, tnat is, a globe that is perfectly round with no olev'a; tions or doprcseions, has an eleotro sphcro with a uniform depth. But if thero aro even small elevations and depressions tho oleotrosph.crc is deep er over the former ani of less depth over the latter. The eleotrioity will cpcape at the prominences, atd if those are bharp pointed the oleotrioity csoapes moro rapidly. In accord with tho above wo find all mountains heavily chargod with eleo trioity which escapes into spaco from ho mountain peaks. This is probably the rciison why the mountain people havo such robust health and why those of tho valloys bcoomo so much debili tated. Along the low coasts on the west side of North and South America nervous diseases aro more prevalent than olacwlicrc, and an unusual ten dency to insanity is noted. The mountain peaks, near by and num erous, rob the low coasts of cloctrioi ty, aud therefore tho necessary elcc tricas tension for sustaining animal life is defioiont in the latter localities Tho coast ptoplo find a short rcBi done; in tho mountains a wonderful ly successful remedy for their nervous prostrations. Where two bodies are brought near each other tho tlcctrospbere of each Is driven to that side of caoh that is opposito to the other. In case of tho earth aud moon tho eleotros phcro of tho latter is alwnjs on that side furthest frum tho rarth, and on that sldo opposito tho moon. That olootrojphoro causes the tides, whioh are lowest under tho mocn and highest on tho opposite sido of tho earth. This lato s'alemcnt is made advised ly, and the reader iu rcquoslud to in vestigate. Dr. Price's Cretan Baking Pswator A Pure flrape Creaa ef Tartar Pw4r m. Powdet . l 1- , - .ri nim20mm 7 i &yi; y..