The Red Cloud chief. (Red Cloud, Webster Co., Neb.) 1873-1923, May 04, 1894, Image 1

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All Home Print.
GEN. WASHINGTON
EXTENDED HISTORY OF HIS LIFE.
Of th First and Fanione President of
the United Slates by an Karly
Writer lucldcnta and Adventure
of Ilia Lire.
CHAPTER I.
Of Oeorgo Washington's birth, family
and odouation Of his mission to
the Fronoh commandant on the
Ohio in 1753 His military op
erations as an officer of Virginia
from 1754 to 1758 Subsequent
employments to the ermmenoo
ment of the Amerioan Revolu
tion, Chapter 1 1753 to 1758.
Continued from lost week.
Tho controversy about tho Ohio
lands, which began in Virginia, was
taken up very seriously by Great
Britain, and two British regiments
were sent to America to support tho
olaims of his Britannio majesty.
Thoy arrived early in 1755, and were
oommanded by Gen. Braddoek. That
officer, being informed of the talents
of George Washington, invited him to
serve the eampaign as a volunteer aid
de oamp. The invitation was ohcer
fully accepted, and Washington
johted.Gen Braddook near Alexandria,
and proceeded with him to Will's
Creek, afterwards called Fort Cumber
land. Here the army was detailed
till tho 12th of June, waiting for
wagons, horses and provisions. Wash
ington had early recommended tbe use
of pack horses, instead of wagons for
eonveying the baggage of tho army.
The propriety of this advice soon be
came apparent, and a considerable
ohange was made in eonformity to it.
Tbe army had not advanced much
more than ten miles from Fort Cum
berland, whon Washington was seized
with a violont fever, but noveithoJess
continued with the army, boing con
veyed in a covered wagon, after ho
had refused to stay behind, though so
muoh exhausted as to bo unable to
ride on horsobaok. He advised the
general to leavo his heavy artillery
and baggage behind, and to advance
rapidly to Fort Duqucsne, with a se
lect body of troops, a few neeessary
stores, and somo pieoes of light artil
lery. Hopes were indulged that by
this expeditious movement, Fort Du
quesne might be reached in its present
weak stato with a force sufficient to re
duco it, before expected reinforce
ment should arrive Gen. Braddoek
approved the scbtmo, and submitted it
to the consideration of a counoil hfld
t the Little Meadows, which rccom
monded that the commander in chief
should advance as fast as possible
with 1200 scloot men, and that Col.
Dunbar Bbould remain behind with
the ramainder of tho troops and the
heavy baggage. This advanced corps
oommonced its march with only thir
ty carriages, but did not proceed with
the rapidity that was expeoted. They
frequently halted to levol the road,
and to build bridges over inconsider
able brooks, Thoy consumed four
days in pausing over the first nineteen
miles from Little Meadows. At this
plaoo, tho physicians deolarcd that
Col. Washington's life would bo en
dangered by advancing with the army.
Ho was thcrofore ordered by Gen.
Braddook to stay behind with a small
guard till Dunbar should arrivo with
tho rear of tho army. As Boon as his
strength would peiinit, ho joined the
advancod detachment, and immediate
ly entered on tho duties of his office.
On tho nxt day, July 9th, a dreadful
scene took place. When Braddoek
had crossed the Monongaholn, and was
only a few miles from Fort Duqucsne,
, 3H"f !
'
, . aSV i inrmra;;gttiiig'm Jjffg-- , .
Eternal Vigilance is the Price of Liberty," and One Dollar a year is
Red
and was pressing forward "without any
apprehension of danger, ho was at
tacked in an open road, thiolc sot with
grass. An invisible enemy, consist
ing of French and Indians, commonccd
a heavy and well directed firo on his
unoovcred troops. Tho van fell back
on the main body, and tho wholo was
thrown into disorder. Mnrksmcn
leveled thoir pieoes particularly at of
ficers and others on horsobaok. In short
time Washington was tho only aid
do caiop left alive and not wounded.
On him, therefore, devolved the wholo
duty of carrying tho general's orders.
Ho was of course obliged to bo con
stantly in motion, traversing tho
fields of battle on horsobaok in all di
rections, lie had two horses shot un
der him, and four bullets passed
through his coat, but ho escaped un
hurt, though every other officer on
horseback was cither killed or wound
ed. Providcnoo preserved him for
further and greater services. Through
out the wholo of tho earnago and con
fusion of this fatal day, Washington
displayed tho greatest coolness and
the most perfect self possession.
Braddook was undismayed amidst a
shower of bullets, and by his counte
nance and example, enoouraged bis
men to stand their ground; but valor
was useless, and disoipline only offer
ed surer marks to the distructivo aim
of unseen marksmen. Uuacquaintod
with the Indian mode of fighting,
iiraddook: ncitner advanotd upon nor
rotreated from the assailants, but very
injudiciously endeavored to form his
broken troops on the ground whoro
thoy wcro first attacked, and whore
they wero exposed uncovered to the
incessant galling fire of a sheltered
enemy. Ho had been oautioncd of
the danger to which ho was exposed,
and was advised to advance the pro
vincials in front of his troops, to
scour tho woods and detect ambus
cades, but he disregarded tho salutary
rooommendation. Tho action lasted
nearly tbroo hours, in tho courso of
whioh tho general had thrco horses
shot under him, and finally reeolved a
wound, of whioh ho died in a few days
in tho camp of Dunbar, to whioh he
had been brought by Col. Washington
and others. On tho fall of Braddook
his troops gavo way in all directions,
and could not be rallied till they had
crossed tho Monongahola. Tho In
dians, allured, by plunder, did not
pursuo with vigor. The vanquished
regulars Boon fell baok to Dunbar's
oamp, from whioh, after destroying
such of their stores as could be spared,
thoy retired to Philadelphia. Tho
officers in the British regimoats dis
played the 'greatest bravery, Their
wholo number was 85 and 64 of them
wero killed or wounded. Tho com
mon soldiers wcro bo disconcortcd by
tho unusual modo of attack, that thoy
soon broke, and could not bo rallied,
Tho threo Virginia companies in the
engagemont behaved very differently,
and fought liko men till thero were
scarcely 30 men left alivo in the
whole. This roverso of fortune rather
added to, than took from, tho reputa
tion of Washington. His country ex
tolled his eonduot, and generally said
and beliovcd, that if ho had been com
mander, tbe disasters of the day
would havo been avoided.
Intelligenoo of Braddock's defeat,
and that Col. Dunbar had withdrawn
all tho regular forocs from Virginia,
arrived while tho assembly of that
colony was in Hcssion. Impressed
with tho necessity of protecting their
exposed frontier settlements, thoy de
termined to raise a regiment of six
teen companies. The command of
this was given to Washington. So
great was tho public confidence in the
soundness of his judgment, that he I
-.j Miaay .mW
dwaMrtsiai;iiiiiii.,.ti
wiwawiifrwfclje
Cloud, Webster County, Neb., Friday, May
was authorized to naino tho field of
ficers. His commission also desig
nated him as commander in chief of
all tho forces raised, or to bo raised,
iu Virginia.
In exocution of (ho duties of his
now office, Washington, after giving
tho necessary orders for tho recruiting
service, visited tho frontiers. He
found many posts, but fow soldiers.
Of these tho best dispositiou was
made. Whilo on his wpy to Williams
burg to arrange a plan of oporation
with the lieutenant-governor, ho was
overtaken by an express below Fred
ericksburg, with information that tho
back settlements were broken up by
parties of French and Indians, who
wcro murdering and capturing men,
womon aad children, burning their
houses, and destroying their orops,
and that tho few troops stationed on
tho frontiers, unablo to protect tho
oountry, had rctroatcd to small stoc
kade forts. Washington altered his
courso from Williamsburg to Winches
tor, and endeavored to collect a forco
for tho defonco of tho oountry. But
this was impossible. The inhabitants'
instead of assembling in arms, and
faoing the invaders, fled befora them,
and extended the general panio,
While the attention of individuals
was engrossed by their families and
privato concerns, the general safety
was neglcotid. Tho alarm becamo'
universal, and tho utmost confusion
provailcd. Before any adequato force
was collootcd to repel the assailants,
they had safely crossed tho Alleghany
mountains, after having done 'an im
mensity of miscbiof. Irruptions of
this kind wcro repeatodly mado into
tho frontier settlements of Virginia,
in tho years of 175C, 1757 and 1758.
Theso generally consisted of a con-'
sidcrable number of French and In
dians, who wcro detached from Fort
Duqucsne. It was their usual prac
tice on their approaohing the settle
ments, to divido into small parties,
and avoiding the forts, to attack soli
tary families in tho night, as well as
tho day. The savages, acoustomed to
live in tho woods, found little difficul
ty in concealing themselves till thoir
fatal blow was struok, Sunday unim
portsnt skirmishers took placo, with
various results, but the numbbr killed
on both sides was itconsiderable,
when compared with tho mischief
dono, and tho many who wcro put to
death, othorwiso than in battle, The
invaders could seldom be brought to a.
regular engagement. Honorable war
was not in thoir oontemplrtion. Plun
der, devastation and murder were
their objects. Tho assemblage of a
respectable forco to oppose them, was
thoir signal for retreating. Iriuptions
of this kind wcro so frequent for three
years following Braddock's dofcat,
that in Pennsylvania, tho frontier Bot
tlers wero diven back at far as Car
lisle, and in Maryland to Frederick
town, and in Virginia to tho Bluo
Ilidgo.
To bo continued.
How'h Tills!
We Oder one hundred dollars reward for
nay ens of Catarrh that cannot be oared
by Hall's Catarrh Cure.
E. J. OflKNEY k CO., Toledo. 0.
We, the undersigned have kao'vn F. J.
Chenoy for the last 16 years, and believe
him perfeotly honorable in all basinets
transactions and financially able to carry
oat any obligations made by thoir firm.
West fc Truni, Wholesale Druggists, Tole
do, O. Wiildlng & Marvin, Wholesale
Druggists, Toledo, O,
Hali'u Catarrh Curo is taken internally,
noting directly upon the blood and mucous
surfaces ef tho system. Testimonial)
seut free, l'rloo 70o. per bottle. Bold by
nil Druggls'8.
Pnrk'a llvftrv stable lit North Plnttn
burned Saurday night, Loss $2,000, in.
surance.
EDUCATIONAL NEWS
HAPPENINGS IN OUR SCHOOLS.
PurnUlied by rounty Superintendent
D. HI, Hunter. -
'Tho circular in regard to tho ostab
lishmont of county High Sohool
filled tho Bpaco of tho educational col
umn during the past four wcckB.
Monthly reports have been received
from tho following distriots:
DM. Tenchsr V.a. av. At.
S'l Carrie L. Bill (nr dpi.). . . .3G 27
4 Miss Alma L. Parker 20
G Lulu C. Barkor 33
9 J. P.. Hoover. 25
12Zoa B. Keith 27
14 Mario Taylor 14
10 J. W. Vandiver 18
17 Lulu A. Ayor 28
20Minnio A. Ycnscn.. .... ..31
221toso D.Paul 35
23 John M. Earner 10
24 Hi W. Cox 17
27 M. Ratio Noble 16
31 A. N. Allquist (gr dpt.). . .27
Aimer Roth (pr dpt.) 51
32 Julia White 21
33 II. Maud Orohard 20
34Maudo Moot 19
41 Mabel Truman 24
42 Mary L. Farquhar 34
45 L. B. Grccnleo 14
JG Mabel II. Day 20
48 Thos. A. Leonard 31
49 Danl. M. Garber 15
50 Iluth Householder 11
52Mammie Noble 8
5G Anna Cookrall 34
58 Sarah L. Fisher 17
Gl Mary L. Crotty. 1G
G3 Osear A. Arnold . 30
65 Bello Spanoglo 43
GG Emily Robinson 35
71 G. S. Parker 11
75Chas. Foo 10
7G Nottio M. Hummel 25
78 Carrio M. Hummel (S.d.). ..15
Lester A. Koonta (N. S.).. .21
80 Jessio Ilolyeross 30
81 Oliver Foo 1G
Distriot 17 observed arbor day
1G
2G
23
20
12
15
12
19
9
15
11
24
43
8
13
15
18
20
12
15
12
G
9
G
28
12
11
20
25
27
8
G
21
10
15
12
12
by
planning trees.
In district 5G, Anna Cookrall
teacher for tho month ending April
2(kb, Cliffio Grawiord, Lee Crawford,
Dan Erwin, llalph Haught, Clarenco
Hubbard, Ralph Hubbard, Willio
Sprachcr, Minta Anderson, Hattie
Mather, Clara Crawford, Cora Hub
bard, Graoo Smith and Susio Sprachcr
wore not absent.
' Cora Hubbard, Susio Sprachcr,
Graco Smith and MinU Andoraon had
90 per cent or over in deportment.
Tho entertainment given by the
Hcd Cloud schools Friday and Satur
day nights of last wock in tho opora
house was a oomploto success.
An educational mooting was held
at tho school houso in distriot 3G on
Thursday evening of last week. A
few wero present and 6omo questions
of general interest wero disoussed.
On aocouut of tho farmers being
very busy, tho days long, tho nights
short, and a small attendance tho con
sequence; tho remaining educational
meetings us announced in tho circular
will bo postponed till next full.
During this Eohool year thirteen
meetings havo been hejd. A greater
number will bo held during the next
ear, as wo believe, somo good may be
accomplished for the causo of educa
tion in this way.
On Saturday, May 12, 1891, at 11
a, in., a teacher' mooting will bo hold
tit Bladen. Tho program is as follows:
Ol'KNINf) EXKKOIBE.
P.ipor liTo of Edwaid Egglcston,
Eva'yn F. Campboll, Music. Class
frill in language -Aitnco Both. Pa
ver The toucjr as a Character
Builder Mnry rquhar. Music
Paper The Sooratiei" Method of Teach
ilEIJIIU iJCWFU
OmUi ui i iM'-tiVlBi. ..-.
?
,
the Price of The Chief.
4, 1894.
ing A, N. Allquist. (Juccry box.
After the roading of caoh paper
thero will bo a grand discussion of tho
subjoet.
This will bo tho last tcaohcrs' moot
ing of this sohool yoar. A good at
tendance is dosircd.
WEATHER BULLETIN,
PROGNOSTICATIONS OF WEATHER.
Prepared mid Piirnlelicd for Special
Publication In the Red Cloud
Chief by XV, T. Porter. I
ICopj righted In 1891 by W. T, Foster.
St. Joseph, Mo, May 4th. My
last bulletin gave forecasts of tho
storm waves to oross tho continent
from May 9th to May 13th, and from
May .3d to 7th. Tho next will reach
tho Paoifin ooast about tho 14th, cross
tho westorn mountains by olopo 16th
tho great control valleys from lGth to
18th, and tho eastern states about tho
19th.
May is usnally a quiot weather
month, but this yoar it will assume
the roll of Maroh, and muoh blustery
weather will be experienced, This
storm wave will continuo this unusual
werfthcr, and a larger number of elec
trical disturbances than usual may be
expeoted. This disturbance will also
inaugurate tho cooler half of the
month, tho temperature of which will
nvcrngo about as muoh below tho nor
mal as the first half will average
above.
The warm wave will oross tho west
tern mountains about tho 14th, the
groat central vallojs about tho 16th,
and tho eastern states about tho 18th.
Tho eool wavo will oross tho west
orn mountains about tho 17th, tho
great central valloys about tho 19th.
and tho eastern states about 21st.
STUDYING ELKCXniClTV.
Among the most suggestivo experi
ments in clcotricity is that of the
pith balls. Tho pith of cornstalks or
othor vcgctablo growth aro used be
causo thoy are very light in weight.
Balls tho sizo of a pea aro mado of
this subBtanco and bung by cotton
threads and fastened to a knob, plato
or tho point of a wiro that will eon
duot cleotiioity. Tho cotton thread
is used because it is a good conduo'or
of eleotrioity. An cleolrlo charge is
then caused to enter tho knob, and
from it tho pith balls aro charged.
Thoy immediately separate and swing
as far from each other as tho threads
will permit. As tho cloctrioity slow
ly evaporates, or is lost by going off
into tho atmosphere, the pith balls
slowly como together, aud at tho end
of several hours tho eleotrioity is gone
and tho balls touch.
Tho law of cloctrioity, illustrated
by tho above experiment, must neces
sary bo universal, must apply to all
tbe heavenly bodies, docs away with
tho nccossity of a miracle, and .ex
plains why tho earth and planots do
not fall into tho sun or collido with
each other. It also explains why the
atmouphero cxpauds, causing evapora
tion and drouth, why it condenses,
causing rainfall.
If tho sun and planets uro electri
fied bodies, electro-dynamos, as admit
ted by most scientists, thoir relative
positions havo somothlng to do with
tho tension of their electrical charges,
and as theso positions aro constantly
changing, tho effcots in expanding
and condensing our atmosphere whuld
givo us almost nn endless variety of
weather. Ab Mcrcuiy revolves atound
tho sun in about 88 day, Neptune in
about 1G1 years, and tho other planets
varying between thoso periods, it re
quires 161 yearn for ono comploto sot
of change, and tho scaotid set of 104
years would not bo tho samo as the
first.
I ' These facts givo tomo idea of tho
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Vol.21. -No. 41
Absolutely
vure
A cream of tartar baking powder.
Highest of a) I in leavening strength
Latest United States Goverameat
Food Report.
Beyal Baking Pwder
IOC Wall ft., N. Y.
complexities of tho weather question
and why tho scientists, with all thoir
great learning and unlimited moans
for investigation, have not evon made
a start toward long rango weather
forecasts. Thty havo ignored tho
roal causes so vividly illustrated by
the pith ball experiments. Tho earth
is heavily charged with clootrieity in
tho passing of its incoming oleotrio
ourrents by the moon or planots, and
then, whilo that eleotrieal charge is
ovaporating the moisture and other
volatilo elements of tho earth, quiet,
warm wcathor results till a hoavenly
body, containing a minus quantity of
oleotrioity, encounters an outgoing
ourrent from the earth, when the lat
ter is suddenly robbed of a part of its
elcotrio chargo, tho atmosphere col
lapses, spills its moisture, is over
turned and cold wcathor results,
Kocp in mind that every thing con
tains electricity and an clcctrosplnre.
Tho latter is a quiot body of eleotrio
ity surrounding tho body as the at
mosphere surrounds the earth. A tel
ograph wire or an cleotrio car eablo is
surrounded by an eleotrosphcro with a
dopth varying acoording to the tension
of the oleotrio chargo.
A perfect sphere, tnat is, a globe
that is perfectly round with no olev'a;
tions or doprcseions, has an eleotro
sphcro with a uniform depth. But if
thero aro even small elevations and
depressions tho oleotrosph.crc is deep
er over the former ani of less depth
over the latter. The eleotrioity will
cpcape at the prominences, atd if
those are bharp pointed the oleotrioity
csoapes moro rapidly.
In accord with tho above wo find all
mountains heavily chargod with eleo
trioity which escapes into spaco from
ho mountain peaks. This is probably
the rciison why the mountain people
havo such robust health and why those
of tho valloys bcoomo so much debili
tated. Along the low coasts on the
west side of North and South America
nervous diseases aro more prevalent
than olacwlicrc, and an unusual ten
dency to insanity is noted. The
mountain peaks, near by and num
erous, rob the low coasts of cloctrioi
ty, aud therefore tho necessary elcc
tricas tension for sustaining animal
life is defioiont in the latter localities
Tho coast ptoplo find a short rcBi
done; in tho mountains a wonderful
ly successful remedy for their nervous
prostrations.
Where two bodies are brought
near each other tho tlcctrospbere of
each Is driven to that side of caoh
that is opposito to the other. In case
of tho earth aud moon tho eleotros
phcro of tho latter is alwnjs on that
side furthest frum tho rarth, and on
that sldo opposito tho moon. That
olootrojphoro causes the tides, whioh
are lowest under tho mocn and highest
on tho opposite sido of tho earth.
This lato s'alemcnt is made advised
ly, and the reader iu rcquoslud to in
vestigate. Dr. Price's Cretan Baking Pswator
A Pure flrape Creaa ef Tartar Pw4r
m. Powdet .
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