The Red Cloud chief. (Red Cloud, Webster Co., Neb.) 1873-1923, April 27, 1894, Image 1
?T f ) V1 ' Va A J ' r . fc I 'n I T..MBffmMr.a3jBMH?iiki3W f jHEp! iWiKKRviTrtr' 1 -J 1 dB wu KQHHvnASSlSHVHBIBVE-itRJBBf p y 157 ffTr St lii- All Home Print. GEN. WASHINGTON EXTENDED HISTORY OF HIS LIFE. Of tli Flrat nnil Fnnioim rrenldent of ilin United StnttH by nn Itarly Wtllcf-lncldciilN and Adtcntiirc of 11 In Life. OH AFTER I. Of George Washington's birth, family and edeuation Of his mission to the French commandant on tho Ohio in 1753 His military op erations as an officer of Virginia from 1751 to 1758 Subsequent employments to tho orimnenoe ment of tho American Revolu tion. Chai'teh 1 1753 to 1758. Tho ancestors of George Washing ton wcro among tho first settlers of tho oldest British colony in America. Ho was tho third in decent from John Washington, an English gentleman, who about tho middlo of tho 17th century emigrated from tho north of England, and sottled in Westmore land county, Virginia. In tho place where ho had fixed himself, his great grandson, the subject of tho following f history, waB born on tho 22d of Febru ary, 1732. His immediato ancestor was Augustino Washington, who died when his son George was only ten .jear? old. Tho education of the yoPng orphan, of course, devolved on his mother who added one to tho many examples of virtuous matrons, who, devoting themselves to the care of their ohildrcn, have trained them up to bo distinguished citizens. In ono instance her fears, combining with 1 her affection, prevented a measuic, which, if persevered in, would have given a direction to tho talents and views of her son, very different from that whioh laid tho foundation of his fame. Gcorgo Washington, when only fifteen years old, solicited and obtain ed tho plaoo of a midshipman in the Britsh navy; but his ardent zeal to servo his country, then at war with France and Spain, was, on tho inter- . fcrenco of his mother, for tho present suspended, and forcvor diverted from the sca service Slio lived to soo him acquire higher honors than ho over could have obtained as a naval officer; nor did alio depart this life till ho was elevated to tho first offices, both civil and military, in tho gift of his country Sho was nevertheless, from tho in fluence of long established habits, so far from being partial to tho Ameri can revolution, that sho often regret ted tho side lior son had takon in the controversy betweon her king and her couutry. In tho minority of Georgo Wash ington, tho means of education in America wcro scanty; his was there fore very littlo txtended boyond what is common, exoopt in mathematics. Knowlodgo of this kind contributes moro perhaps than any other to strongthon the mind. In his caso it was doubly useful; for in the oarly part of his life, it laid the foundation of his fortune, by qualifying him for the office of a practical survoyor, at a timo when good land was of easy at tainment; and its intituato connection with tlio military art, enabled him at a later period to judgo moro correctly of 'the propir means of defending his country, when he was called upon to prcsido over its armies. " Of tho first 19 years of Gcoige Washingnon's life, little is known. His talontd being moro solid than Bhowy, woro not sufficiently developed for public notice, by tho comparative ly important events of that oarly period. His contemporaries have uy reported, that in his youth k.HU Eternal Vigilance is Red he waB grave, silent and thoughtful; diligent and methodical in business, dignified in his appearance, and strict ly honorable in all his deportment; but they havo not been ablo to grati fy the public curiosity with any strik ing anecdotes, Ilin patrimonial es tate was small, but that lit,tlo was managed with prudence and increased by industry. In tho gayest period ol his life, ho was a stranger to dissipa tion and riot. That ho had established a solid reputation, even in his juvenile years, may bo fairly presumed from tho following circumstances. At the ago of 19 he was appointed one of the adjutants general of Virginia, with tho Jrank of major. When ho was barely 21 he was employed by the government of his native colony in an enterprise which required tho pru dence of age as well as the vigor of youth, Tho French, as the European dis coyercrs of tho Mississippi river, claimed all that immenso region whose waters run into that river. In pur suance of this claim, in tho year 1753 they took possession of a tract of country supposed to bo within the chartered limits of Virginia, and were proceeding to erect a chain of posts from tho lakes of Canada to tho river Ohio, in subserviency to their grand scheme of connecting Canada with Louisana, and limiting tho English colonics to tho cast of the Alleghany mountains. Mr. Dinwiddic, then gov ernor of Virginia, dispatched Wash ington with h letter to tho French commandant on tho Ohio, remonstrat ing against tho prosecution of these designs, as hostile to tho rights of his Britannic majesty. The young envoy was also instructed to penctrato tho designs of tho French; to conciliate tho affection of tho nativo tribes; und to procuro useful intelligence. In the discharge of this trust ho sot out on tho 15th of November, from Will's Creek, then an extreme frontier set tlement, and pursued his course through a vast extent of unjxplored wilderness, amidst rains und snows, and over rivers of very difficult pas sage, and among tribes of Indiani, several of whom, from previous atten tions of tho French, wcro hostile to tho English. When his horses wore incompetent, ho proceeded on foot with a gun in his hand and a pack on his back. Ho observed every thing with tho pyo of a soldier, and particu larly designated tho forks of tho Mo nongahcla and Alleghany rivers, (tho spot where Fort Duqucsno was after wards built, and where Pittsburg now standi?) as an advantageous position for a forticss. Hero ho secured tho affectioni of somo neighboring Indians and engaged them to accompany him. With them ho ascended tho Alleghany river and French Creek, to a fort on tho river le Buouf, one of tho western branches. Ho thcro found Mons. Le Gardour do St. Pierre, tho command ant on tho Ohio, and delivorcd to him Dinwiddio's letter; and rccioving his answer, rolurnod with it to Williams burg on tho 78th day after ho had re ceived his oppointment. Tho patiouco and firmness displayed on this occasion by WaBliimgton, (added to his judi cious trcatmonta of tho Indians) both merited and obtained a largo Hharo of applause. A journal of tho whole was publislud, and Inspired tho public with high ideas of the energies both of his body and mind, Tho Fronch wcro too intent on their favonto projeot of extending their em piro in Amorioa, to bo diverted from it by tho remonstrances of a colonial governor. Tho auswer brought by Washington was such as induced the assembly of Virginia to raiso a regi ment of 300 men, to defend their the Price of Liberty," and One Dollar a year is Cloud, Webster County, Neb., Friday, Airil frontiers and maintain tho right claimed in behalf of Great-Britain over the disputed territory. OT this Mr. Fry was appointed colonel, and George Washington lieutenant-colonel. Tho latter advanced with two compa nies of tlii1? regiment rnrly in April, ns far as tho Great Meadows, where l.e was informed by somo friendly Indi ans, that the French wcro erecting fortifications in tho lork between the Alleghany and Monongahela rivers; and also, that a detachment was on its march from that placo towards the Great Meadows. War had not been yet formally declared between France and England, but as neither was dis posed to reccdo from their claims to tho land on tho Ohio, it was deemed inevitable, and on tho point of com mencing. Several circumstances were supposed to indicate an hostile intention on tho part of tho ndvanc inc Fronoh detachment. Washington, under tha guidance of somo friendly Indians, in a dark night surprised their encampment, and, after firing ouce, rushed in and surrounded them, Tho commanding offiocr, Mr. Jumon villc, was killed, one porson escaped, and all the rest immediately surren dered. Soon after this affair Col. Fry died, and tho command of the regiment devolved on Washington, who speedily collected the wholo at the Great Meadows. Two Indepen dent companies of regulars, ono from New York, and ono from South Caro lina, shortly after arrived at tho same place. Col. Washington was now at tho head of nearly 400 men. A Btoc kade, afterwards called Fort Necessity was creotcd at tho Great Mondows, in which a small forco was left, and the main body advanced with a view of dislodging the Frcnoh from Fort Duquesnc, which they had recently erected, at tho conilucuco of tho Al leghanoy and Monongahela rivers. They had not proceeded moro than thirteen miles, when they were in formed by friendly indians. that the French, as numerous as pigeons in tho woods, wcro advancing in an hostile manner towards I he English settle ments, and also, that Fort Duqucsno had been recently and strangly rein forced. In this critical situation, a council of war unanimously recom mended a retreat to tho Great Mead ows, which was affected without de lay, and every exortion made to ren der Fort Nctcssity tenable. Before the works intended for that purpose wcro completed, Mons. do Villicr, with a considerable force, attacked tho fort. flic assailants wcro oovorcd by trors and high grass. The Americans ro eeivcd them with great resolution, and otlicii in tho surrounding ditch. Wabhingtou continued the wholo day on the outbidu of the fort, and con ducted tho defence with tho greatest coolness aud intrepidity, The en gagement lasted from ten in tho morn ing till night, when tho French com mander demanded a parley, and of fered terms of capitulation. His first and second proposals wcro rrjeotod; and Washington would accept of nono short of tho following honorablo ones, which wero mutually agreed upon in tho course of the n ght. "Tho fort to bo surrendered on onndition that tho garrison should march out with tho honors of war, and ho permitted to re tain their arms aud baggage, and to march unmolested into tho inhabited parts of Virginia." Tho lcgislaturo of Virginia, impressed with a scuso of tho bravery und good conduct of their troops, though compelled to surrender Ilia fort, voted their thanks to Co). Washington and the cilliocrii under his command, and they also gave 300 pis tols to bo distributed among the soldiers engaged in this action, but made no arrangements for ronowing (jffensivo operations in tho remainder of Ungear 1701. When tho soason for action was ovor, tho icgiment was reduced to independent companies, and Washington resigned his com mand, To bo continued. WKATHEH IIULLIWIX PROGNOSTICATIONS OF WEATHER. Prepared mid Fiii-iiMicd for Special I'ubllrntlon In ttn Hod Clniid Clilrl ! W. 'I. I'uMlcr. CopjrlKlitoU In 1691 liy VY. T. Foster. St. Joseph, Mo, April 27th. My last bulletin gavo forecasts of the storm waves to cross tho continent from April 28th to May 2d, and from May 3d to 7th, Tho next will rcaoh tho Pacific coast about May 8th, cross tho western mountains by closo of Dili Mio great central valloys from 10th to 12th, and the eastern states about tho 13th. Elcotrio storms will bo moro num erous, accompanying this disturbance than usual, especially in and west of tho great central valloys, and the wa m wavo proceeding will go to ox trcmo heat. This storm should be carefully watched, as it will probably develop very considerable force. Tho warm wavo will cross tho west ern mountains about tho eighth, the great central valleys about tho 10th aud the eastern states about tho 12th. Tho cool wavo will cross tho western mountains about tho 11th, tho great central valleys about tho 11th, and tho eastern slatos about tho 15th. STUDYING ELKCTlUClTV. It is believed that all subslanocs arc attended by electricity, but it cannot always bo dctooted. Tha presenco of electricity is known when a substanco has laoro or less than its natural qual ity. When more, the electricity man ifests its presenco by an effort to get away from tho substanco, and when less it develops forco in trying to go from substances containing moro or X to the subatanco containing less or "e Thcso aro relative terms, however, and that which is ncgativo to ono sub stanco may bo positivo to anothor, be cause ono may contain leas electricity than a second and moro electricity than a third. To illustrate: In thcso latitudes a greater portion of electricity comes to the earth than comes from it, while near tho earth's equator the revcrso is truo. In thcso latitudes, therefore, spaco is accounted positivo aud tho earth ncgativo. Tho upper stratum of clouds is culled positivo because clcctrioity comes from it to tho next stratum below it. Counting from abovo downward, tho second stratum is positivo to tho third and negative to tho first, because tho elco trio forco is ull tho time coming down ward, aud tho stratum of clouds next tho earth contains more electricity than any of thoso above, and yet it is cdled ncgativo as to thoso abovo and positivo as to tho earth. All this entanglement comes from scientists endeavoring to establish a class language Lot us say plus and minus instead of positivo and ncgativo aud tho subject will bo greatly sim plified. But plua and minus are rchftivo toriiH, and do not mean, absolutely, tho greater tnd smaller tonsions. Sup poso wo measured electricity by tho bushel and wo take two equal quanti ties, a bushel in each, putting ono in to a hogshead of earth and tho other into a barrel of earth. Each of thcso measures would contain a bushel of electricity, the same quantity exactly in each. Tho electricity in tho bar rel! would bo positivo to tho electrici ty in tho hogshead, and would run out of tho former into tho latter till tho spaco in each would contain tho samo amount of electricity per oubio toot of earth. If steam in a boiler has a pressure ot 100 pounds to tho tqunro iuoh, you will readily uadcHtaud that the Price of The Chief. 27, 1894. the same amount of steam in n boiler twice as large would have a pressure of only fifty pounds to tho squaro inch. In the small boiler tho tension ot this steam would bo doublo what it would bo in the largo boiler. By these illustrations it will bo readily understood what is meant by tension, mid that plus and minus havo rcfcrcnco to tension and not to quanti If wo rub two like substances to gether no electricity appears. Tho electricity is cartainly there, but as tho substances aro alike, ono docs not rob tho other of its oleotrioity, and onsrqucntly no unnatural quantity appears in cither. But if wo tako any two unlike substances aud placo them together, when they arc separated mi nus electricity appears on ono and plus on the other, simply bcoauuo ono has robbed tho other. If they arc rubbed together the robbery is increased, one becomes moro minus and tho other moro 'plus, nnd tho greater the friction tho greater will be (tho "differenco in tho clcctrio tensions of tho two ubstanccs. The two unliko substances rubbed together will contain equal amounts, ono of plus and tho other of minus electricity, orthodox clcclricans would say, while common senee says that the pluB electricity on or.o substanco is ex actly what one has stolen from tho other. Not different kind, but mer ely a difference in amount or tension. Tako a glass bottlo with a round headed glass stopper, und balance a wooden lath four foot long on this stopper. Tho glass bottlo is a non oonduotor of electricity, and will not pormit tho latter to go irom tho earth to tho lath nor from tho lath to tho earth. Bub scaling wax or a stick of sulphur briskly with flannel, and hold it near the cud of tho lath, The lat ter will bo drawn toward tho wax or sulphur. Fragments of paper, bran, gold leaf, feathers, etc., will bo attracted by the wax or sulphur, and auy article hung by a slender thread will bo attracted'. Eleolricans say that unliko olectri' cans attract each other. Tho idea thus stated sets up a mystery, and tho student is at onoo puzzled, confounded lost in his investigations. It is con trary to ull the laws of nature for two unliko things to attract each other. Birds of feather flock together. It is tho samo clcctsicity everywhere en deavoring to distribute itself among sovcral objects, so that each will havo its own natural portion. Water will flow from one pool to another till tho level in each is tho same, and tho oleo trioity will flow from tho object con taining the plus amount or tension to tho object containing tho minus ten sion till they i.ro equalized. But electricians, in their efforts to prove two kinds of electricity will say that two bodies containing minus elec tricity repel caoh other, or if they contain plus electricity they repel, while a miuus and a plus will always attract each other. Thcso facts do not provo Micro to bo two kinds of elec tricity. Take two largo boilois oaoh containing 100 pounds of steam to tho squaro iuoh, connect them by a pipo and thcro is no flow of steam from ono to tho other bocauso they inch con tain tho samo amount of steam tension. They repel each other at tho rato of 100 pounds to the square inch accord ing to the sizo of tho pipo that con nects (hem, Two other boihrs with a pressure of fifty pounds to thu square inch would contain minus steam as compnicd with ihoso having a pressure or 100 pounds, and iluro would bo no flow of sterna ftom ono of ; these low pressuer boilers to the other, Vol.21. No. 40 1 Bakin& m. Powdet JIAsoufefy Pure A cream of tartar baking powder. Highest of all in leavening strength Latest United States Government Food lleport. Roynl JBnklug Powder Co. 100 Weill St., N. Y. because their steam tonsions aro alike But eonncct ouo of tho 100 pounds prcssuro boilers with ono ot tho 50 pounds pressure, and thcro will bo a great rush of steam from ono to tho other till each contains 75 pounds of prcssuro. By such illustrative reasonings let us get rid of tho fallacious idea that oertain effects aro oauscd by mutual influences of two entirely different kinds of electricity. Ono kind is all sufficient, and if wc keep in mind that natural laws require every substanco to retain its own natural quantity and no moro of that electricity, wo caa find a reason for all effects in tho ef forts of clcctrioity to equalize itsolf among all substances, coming ,to test only when buoIi equalization has been effected. Irregularities and nil thoso pntiiB and distressing diaenaea peculiar to women aro oared by Dr. Snwyor'a Pastilles. Mild yot n powerful healer. Sold by Doyo & (Irlco. Grand Island oxpoute to got a pinup uml windmill factory thut will employ forty moil. S. 1). Hasford of Carthage. 8. D., I wait tnlton sick in Bloux City. JIu procured two bottlo of I'nrks' Sure Cure for thu Liver and Kiduoys. Ho Hnys: "I bolievo Parks' Bure Cure excels all other inedlolun for KhMininllsm nnd Urinary disorders." Hold by C. L. Cottlmr. Local papers uro ull urging tho pooplo to plant trees. . . Dr. Sawyer's Family Coro It not only relieves; it euros. It ia suitable to all ngca nnd every member of the family Try n free sample. Bold by Deyo it Qrleo Irrigation is tho watchworkin western Nebraska. Ilcmliii'liu und Indigestion Can be oared. If yon don't bellovo it try Begg'a Little Giant Fills. Bold and war ranted by Deyo fc Qrloe. Voile is soon to havo an nil night clou trio sorvico. Dr. Bnwjor's Family Cure curtH Stom ach trouble, Dr. Buwyer'a Family Curo cures Liver complaints, curts Kidney dlllloulty. Bold liv Doyo &, Orico. Burglars ontored tho otoro of Ed. V, Suyrcfl nt Goring nnd swiped 800 from thu cash register. Try a bottlo of Dr. Bnwyer's Family Sure nnd you will bo oonfluood that it will euro nil ttloinnoh, Liver, Kidney nud Howol dlMoultks. Burglars secured 9110 by blowing opon u Bafo in W. G. Brothorton'e Btoro nt Mornu. Kxporiunoo nnd money cannot improve Dr. Hiiwyor's Family Cure, beoauao it rndienlly cures Dyspepsia, Liver com plaint nud Kidney dlllloulty. Sold by Doyo & Qrico. . Tho Oxnard Ueot Sugar Company of Grand Island announces thut they huvo ull ody uonractod for 3,000 iicreB of eugar hoots for tho coming season end they will continuo to take contracts up to May llrHt, nt which timo they will closo their hookn. Thoy expressly do eiro only tho best of farmers to contract, vho nieontiuioly capable oftuklng tho very best euro ot their crop. Tho fixed prico 1b .00 per ton, delivered nt Grand inland, for all beotu showing twolvo por cent of imoohiirln mutter uml n purity uoetllelentot eighty. Illunk contracts can bo had, or uny further information, liy eoncsponding withtho Oxnard Beet Sugar Company ut Grand Island. Cw Dr. Price's Cream Baking Powder WotM'eFalrrllghMtMidalMdDipleaM. I 4 -m & t'Jffflfomfcz&i '1i&&&fcL jJ&bLAJtXJ J: 'V-. th 'ytui l ifclwii. .,. nni iiiii num. I mtm-mmi " in. ii iii Mi 'I '