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About The Red Cloud chief. (Red Cloud, Webster Co., Neb.) 1873-1923 | View Entire Issue (Nov. 17, 1893)
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THE UED CLOUD CHIEF, ilED CLOUD, NEBRASKA, FRIDAY, NOV. 17, 1893.
ORIGIN OF YAGHTING.
changes in the construction of
Vessels in 300 years.
Evalutlon In tti. Popularity of th. Sport.
The First International Rac. Wm lie
twtta English and Dutch Veitel.
CharUi II Awong the Earllett Patron.
The term yacht" is derived from tho
Danish word "jnght," manning a ohasoj
hence yachting Is thochalng of one ves
cl after another, and accordingly yacht
ing and yacht racing are aynonymous
A yacht Is and always has been essen
tially s pleasure craft, but in tho early
days no yacht of any slzo existed. Thus
we And a writer in 1706 referring to
yacht as "a small ship built for swiftness
and pleasure rather than for merchan
dise or warlike service." History docs
not tell us where, when or under what
circumstances yachts wcro first built,
but it is certain thoy aro of ancient ori
gin and woro only owned by royal per
sons and great nobles. The latter fact
recolvcs corroboration from an ancient
trat carefully compiled dictionary of sin
gular words, whore a yacht is described
as "a pleasure craft of not more than
100 tons for tho king's uso."
The earliest mention of a yacht in this
country was as far back as tho Anglo
Saxon period, when King Athelstan re
ceived from the king of Norway a pres
ent of a magnificent etato bargo, rigged
with purplo sails and decorated with
wrought gold. Queen Elizabeth, we
know, frequently used a state- barge,
and so havo succcsslvo sovereigns to this
day. It is curious to relato, and goes
far to show tho primltivo nattiro of our
early rosources, thnt while- foreigners
were ablo to build yuchts their oxamplo
was not followed in this country till
1688, when tho first English yacht was
constructed at Cowcs and launched
from that port.
But whllo 1588 mny bo fixed as tho
commencement of yncht building in
England, it cannot bo said that during
the next half century much progress was
mado with tho newly acquired industry.
Indeed, had it not been for Charles II,
it u probablo that tho trado would not
havo been established for soino timo to
come. King Charles, howovcr, was very
fond of sailing, and tho Dutch East India
company, with tho viowof gaining royal
favor, presented him with a small sloop
rigged vessel. Tho advent of tho foreign
built vessel evidently stimulated nativo
talent, ns wo find Evelyn, in his diary of
Oct. 1, 1001, writing, "I vailed this morn
ing with his majesty in one of his yachts or
plcssuro boats, vessels not known among
us till tho Dutch East India company
presented that curious pieco to the king."
But tho king was not only n yachtsman;
he was also a designer, and drew tho
lines of tho Jamie, n 25 tonncr, built at
Lambeth, and raced her against tho Bo
san, a small Dutch built vessel belong
ing to tho Duko of York.
Tho courso was from Greenwich to
Gravesend and back nnd tho prizo 100,
which was won by tho Bczan. As tho
ships wero designed and constructed in
different countries tho rnco may fairly
claim to havo possessed an international
character, whilo from tho fact that tho
royal owners steered their own boats it
was clearly an amateur match. Unfor
tunately with tho death of Charles II
camo another lull in tho history of yacht
ing, and it was not till early in tho eight
eenth century tTmt any real revival took
place. I 'During this long interval, how
over, yachting had gradually bccoiuo n
moro democratic amusement, nnd tho
sport of kings hud descended to tho lovel
of commoners. Cork harbor bocamo a
favorito yachting ground and during
the summer months was crowded with
diminutivo pleasure vessels. Indeed, so
popular did tho sport becomo that in 1720
the Cork Harbor Water club was formed
to encourage yacht racing. Tho club ul
timately dovolopcd into what is now tho
Royal,.Cork Yacht club. Hero, thon, wo
have tho first authentic attempt at organ
ization in tho yachting world.
i A'fcw years' later tho sport camo into
favor in tho south of England, and Malt-
land, in his "History of London" (1730),
refers to sailing as ono of tho amuse
ments to bo met with on tho river
Thames, whilo later still (1801) Strutt,
in his well known work on "Snorts and
PaBtlmcs," mentions tho existence of n
society consisting of certain frentlemen
who gavo a silver cup to bo sailed for
annually in tho vicinity of Loudon. To
ward the close of tho eighteenth century
Cowea becamo tho favorito resort of
yacht racing, but still tho contending
vessels were of small sizo, nono being
over 83 tons. It was not until tho foun
dation of tho yacht club, afterward tho
Itoyal Yacht club nnd now tho world re
nowned Royal Yacht squadron, that
yachting in this country may fairly bo
earn 10 navo esutbiisliea itself us aim
tional Bport, nnd oven then (1812) tho
number or yachts alloat only reached 00,
all told. Rut from this time tho noiiu-
larity of yachting rapidly grow, and club
alter ciud louowcu in quick succession.
I . Fald the Farmer For IIU Trouble.
1 A former in China, Me., recently heard
smomereu squawking in his henhouse,
and 'twas midnight. When he went out.
be found the honhouso door ajar, and
Bounds indicated that tho Intruder was
still within. Therefore tho farmer
slammed tho door, bolted it and lasted
himself outsido tho hcuhonso until morn
ing did appear. Then ho looked in the
window and discorned a neighbor, who
camo contritely forth and paid tho farm
cr $28 for timo, loss of sleep, etc. Still
people eay there is no money in farming,
rint Olaa Window.
' The first glass window in England was
ono put in the Tcltrom ubbey in the year
080 A. D. Gluss windows did not come
into general use for many hundred years
after that date. As late as 1077 tho glass
casements of Ains worth cnstle wcroregu
lurly taken down ntitl packed uway
whenever the owner and his family
A LEGAL COMPLICATION.
Michigan Law ttlr the Mlnrrnl lUng
Train Robbers an Viiiimiul Chnnca.
In tho case of tho people agalmtDoml
nick and Edward Ilogan, William But
ler and others, neensed of tho Mineral
Range express robbery near Houghton,
Sept. IB, tho prosecution is inn quandary.
Tho caso is soon to bo called for trial.
Mean whilo tho prosecution has to sol vo a
very dclicato legal problem or forego tho
hope of convicting all of tho flvo men ut
present under arrest.
Tho specific chargo against tho five
prisoners is robbery. Tho Michigan
statute defines robbery as tho thoft of
property by means of vlolenco to tho
custodian or owner thereof, or intent to
do grent bodily injury or to kill in caso
of resistance. Fear is mado an cssontial
element of robbery, thus implying that
tho iwrson or persons in chargo of tho
property must bo put in fear of death or
groat bodily Injury. Tho maximum pen
alty in Michigan is Imprisonment at hard
labor for life. Dominick Hogau was tho
agent of tho express company, and tho
$70,000 stolen was In his charge. If he
relinquished itossesslon of tho money
through fear of vlolenco, ho was robbed
and was not himself n robber.
On tho other hand, If ho was a party
to tho theft and feared no injury, then
no robbery was committed, uud nono of
tho prisoners can bo convicted of a moro
serious offense than larceny, tho maxi
mum penalty for which Is flvo years' Im
prisonment. Therefore, to sccuro n con
viction of any of tho accused on tho
chargo, tho prosecution must provo tho
innocence of Dominick Ilogan, whom it
has caused to bo hcldtwomonths In jail,
and whoe good name has been ruined.
Tho only alternative appears to bo tho
withdrawal of tho chargo of robbery and
substituting tho charge of larceny, tho
punishment for which must bo very
light as compared with tho just deserts
of such audacious criminals. The do
fenso will mako this legal technicality
tho main point in their lino of action
during tho trial. Minneapolis Journal.
A FIGHTER WITHOUT LEGS.
A Colored Han 'With No Leg-i and Ono Arm
Makes Things Lively.
City Jailer Tola Cauova says that "if
thoy ever send him out again to arrest a
one armed, no legged man ho ain't going
to go." Tola's resolution is on account of
an cxperienco ho had with an individual
of that description n day or two ago.
Tola was kicked in his dinner by a no
legged man and felt so bad about it
that he was almost tempted to scud in
It seems that Peter Moody, a colored
man, who lost both legn and ono arm in
a railroad accident, filled up on puro un
adulterated cussednesfl at a cost of 0
cents a drink, and procecdod to paint
East Jacksonville in bright vermilion.
Tho first thing ho did was to firo his pis
tol ut a boy who drives nn ico wagou for
Martin Ferguson. Tho boy outran tho
bullet, and his cries brought Officer
Moore to tho scene, but Moody stood on
tho stumps of his legs in tho middlo of
tho road and defied tho officer to come
near him, at tho samo timo waving in
tho air, in a reckless maimer, a formid
able looking revolver.
Officer Monro telephoned for assis
tance, and Sergeant Thames nnd Tola
Canova went to tho scene. They had
tho hardest kind of u struggle with tho
disorderly individual, who inflicted upon
each of them some very painful blows
with tho stumps of his legs and nrm.
Finally, however, they got him in a cart,
and by choking him succeeded in keep
ing him quiet. Tho blow of tho stump
that caught Tola in tho stomach lifted
him in the air somewhere in tho neigh
borhood of throo feet.
Moody is now in tho city jail. Ho will
bo turned over to tho county authorities
on a chargo of assault with intent to
kill. Florida Times-Union.
The Great Gulf Sturm.
A lato letter received from Biloxi,
Miss., gives n moro hopeful view of the
situation. Hundreds of men tiro busy
in repairing damages caused by tho
btorm.aud in n few weeks everything will
Ih) restored. Tho heavy rains which fol
lowed tho great winds did great bervico
in melting and washing uway tho salt
debris that was loft on shoro. Tho
writer says, "Even tho flower beds in
tho Moutrosa House yards wero washed
clean and show no signs of their salt
bath." Tho wharves aro being rebuilt,
and tho vessels High and dry on tho roat1
nro being wrecked and removed. Rl
in front of tho Montross IIouso
wreckage of sovcral vessels nnd lutnbei
yards accumulated and greatly proteo -d
tho property. Tho yard fonco was lie
only ono left standing along tho en
beach. Tho destitution in Blloxl is
ported as being rapidly lessoned. Am
tho prominent clti.eus of Biloxi who J
their lives in the great storm was C.
tain W. H. Patlou of Back Bay. H
was on tho schooner La Marsh, and I
and all his crew wero lost. His remains
wero found lashed to his schooner soino
days after tho storm had subsided.
Ktiu.llWe Old Haybruok.
Tho town of old Saybrook will hold n
meeting in n few days to rescind a voto
recontly passed appropriating money for
tho building of a lockup. Sinco tho vote
was passed tho sentiment of tho town
has changed greatly, and now tho ma
jority of the ieople believe that tho erec
tion of a building for the retention of
violators of the law would cant an odium
on tho ancient town. It is seldom that tho
need of Mich it building is fell in old Say.
brook, and tho people bellow that n com
munity ns orderly and law abiding as
theirs can get along without it. Hurt
One Cent I'ottace.
Postmaster General Bissell belloves
that tho inauguration of tho projected one
cent postal service is impossible at tho
present time, owing to tho fact that thero
is u deficit of $8,000,000 in tho postal
funds in tho treasury, and the fact that
the adoption of tho eervico would of
course rcduco the iostal revenue 00 per
IT LOOKS LIKE A BCHEME.
Tlio Midwinter fair to lie lined to CI roam-
TPiit the Chliimo l'iclulon Acta.
Tho Chinese- villngo that is to bo con
structed and maintained at tho Mldwln-
tcr fair may urovo of interest to visitors
from abroad, but tho Chincso who are ,
back of tho cnterprlso did not originate
it for that purpose, but In order to Ret
another opportunity to add several hun
dred coolies to tho "present population of
Tho Chineso bellcvo that the resolu
tion passed by congress granting to tho
Midwinter fair tho samo privileges that
had been granted to tho Columbian ex
positionnamely, tho entry of foreign
goods freo nnd permitting to enter tho
country tho laborers, artists and others
of foreign nations connected with tho
exhibits of thoso nations will offer them
an opportunity to land somo more of
They havo placed tho matter in the
hands of their attorneys, and from tho
expressions of certain prominent Chi
neso it appears that they have received
advico that coincides with their wishos
in tho matter.
Llko nil tho schemes that tho Six Com
panies go into, it will bo for making
money, nnd tho plan thoy will pursue in
this instanco becamo publio ut tho cus
tom house yesterday.
Already tho scheme has been put in
operation, and negotiations have been
opened with coolies in China who desire
to becomo residents of the United States.
Llttlo Pote, on behalf of tho Six Com
panies and other Chineso interested, is in
chargo of tho uffatr and will see that it
is mado n financial success.
Littlo Peto is tho go botween in all
cases whero money is used for the illegal
landing of Chinese, and he is considered
ono of the shrewdest "fixers" doing busi
ness at the custom house. He has been
given instructions to arrange for tho im
portation of another gang of supposed
actors, and for several weeks ho has
been in correspondence with thoso who
are to assist him in China.
Lottcrs havo been forwarded to China
announcing that all who deslro to como
to tho United States and avoid tho trou
blo that tho exclusion acts present can
do so by becoming members of tho Chi
neso villago that is to bo imported for
the Midwinter fair.
Under tho resolution passed by con
gress, if it will apply in this case, tho
number that will bo permitted to land in
ordor to participate in tho fair is not
limited, and bow many will be desig
nated by Littlo Peto and his associates
has not been made known. It is expect
ed, however, that fully 300 will avail
themselves of tho excellent opportunity
that will bo presented, and for that priv
ilego each ono must pay $200. San Fran
A VIVID DREAM.
A ruiioiiBcr Kicked Out a Sleeper Window
and Threw Illituetf to the Ground.
A young business man of Minneapolis
bought it furuaco and had it set up on
Saturday. Yesterday ho worked all day
showing his wifo how to run it so sho
would not bum tho house down, and
last evening took n sleeper for St. Louis.
Near Fulton ho had a vivid dream.
Ho thought his house was afiro nnd
Ids family was locked up insido. With
yells of desperation which fairly frozo
tho blood of tho other passengers in tho
sleeper, ho kicked in tho door nnd fouud
tho floor burned away, his wife nnd
everything in tho house cremated, and
ho himself lauded in tho cellar with ft
heavy thud. Tho blow nwoko him, and
picking himself up he found himself by
tho side of tho railroad track. Glanciug
about him, expecting to seo tho tram a
wreck and tho other passengers killed,
ho saw in tho starlight his train vanish
ing in tho distance. Ho had actually
kicked out tho double window of his
berth with his bare feet and thrown him
self feet first through tho window to
tho ground whilo tho train was run
ning 25 miles an hour, and was unhurt,
Bavo threo cuts on his left leg, caused by
tho brokcu glass.
Tho passengers notified the conductor,
nnd when the train was backed they
fouud tho man walking to meet it. Ho
was clad only in his uightclothes. It
was almost impossible to believe his
story, but his condition, and tho deserted
liertb containing his clothes, and tho
broken window confirmed it. Molino
(Ills.) Cor. St. Louis Ulubo-Deuiocrut.
A Curlou Will Coutcit.
A curious will contest, according to
Paris papors, is about to bo tried in tho
Selno courts. Fivo years ogo a Russian
princess died, leaving n largo fortune.
Thoro was great surpriso among her rel
atives when the testamentwas opened.
By ono of its clauses sho left 5,000,000
francs to tho pet sou who would remain
it year in tho chapel to bo erected altovo
her grave in tho Peru la Chalso. Tho
body of tho princess, according to tho
legendary report, lies in a crystal coffin
in a wonderful state of preservation. No
ono of her relatives has been ablo to re
main longer than two or threo days in
tho chapel. What will becomo of the
0,000,000 francs Is tho question.
The Cunivt lint a Short Tull.
Professor Brooks of tho Smith observ
atory has obtained his third observa
tion of tho new comet first discovered
by him a short timo ago. Its position at
discovery wus: Right ascension, 12 hours
SI minutes; declination north, 12 de
grees 05 minutes. At tho third observa
tion its position wn 1'oillld to be: Kiwlit
ascension, 12 hours 20 minutes; declina
tion north, II degrees 02 minutes, which
shows tho into and direction of motion
siuco discovery. As seen through tho
telescopo tho comet appears quite bright
and has short tail. This is Professor
Brooks' nineteenth comet discovery.
Geueva (N. Y.) Dispatch.
In Canada's last fumous murder case
tho accused was "John Reginald" Birch
all, In tho present ouo tho prisoner is
"John Reginald" Hooper. Havo John
Reginalds it pivpcnsily for becoming
notorious? OUnvrn Journal.
NEW US FOR CHLOROFORM.
A Itallrnait Cfiachfii! of Patiengnrs Stupe
flril to Facilitate Rubbery.
When tho first section of the east
bound passenger train No. 8 on tho Chi'
catro nnd Erio pulled into tho station
hero tho other day, tho brakeman told
Policeman Haller, who was at tho depot,
that all of the passengors in ono of tho
day coaches had been chloroformed by
somo unknown person. Tho passengers
conslstod mostly of eastern peoplo who
wcro on their way homo from tho
World's fair, and tho train only stopped
at a few places along the line.
After leaving Huntington the passen
gers in tho day coach all settled down in
their seats to take a nap, and after the
train left Decatur the brakeman was
passing through ono of the day coaches,
when he detected a peculiar odor and
noticod tLat tho passengers were nearly
all sleeping heavily. Their sleep ap
peared so unnatural that the brakeman
grew suspicious, and going into one
of tho sleepers, where thero happened
to bo a doctor with whom he was ac
quainted, he asked tho physician to go
into tho coach and seo if ho could detect
anything wrong. Tho doctor complied
with his request, and going into the
coach immediately detected the odor of
chloroform. Tho doors and windows
wero opened, and in a few minutes they
succeeded in arousing the sleeping pas
sengers, who fortunately had not
breathod enough of the drug to affect
them very much. They were surprised
to loam that they had been drugged and
were very thankful for the brakeman'i
It is supposed that after leaving Hunt
tington Eomo ono entered the car, and
finding tho passengers already half
asleep had saturated the car with
enough of the drug to make them sleep
soundly. He then went into another car
to wait for the chloroform to take effect.
Undoubtedly he would have returned to
rob tho Bleeping passengers had not bit
scheme been discovered. The car being
closed tightly and unusually warm, in
all probability the passengers in a short
timo wduld havo been at the mercy of
tho chloroformer. Lima Dispatch in
UNRAVELING THE MV8TERV.
Soma New Light Haa Ileen Throws on the
Blue Light Seen by Mrs. Carter.
An Oakland, (Ills.), correspondent of
tho Chicago Herald tells tho following
When Zach Carter's house south of
Martinvlllo burned last August a year
ago, and it was alleged he was cremated,
tho fact developed that he carried $40,
000 insuranco on his life, although he
was always regarded as a poor man.
How he conld pay the premium on such
an enormous sum is explained by bis
widow. About four years ago sho was
visiting a friend at Hartsburg in what
was known as a haunted house,
Ono evening while out in tho yard her
attention was attracted to a spot on tho
lot by a bluo light. She had a stick in
her hand, and going to tho spot indicat
ed by tho light placed tho end of the
stick in tho ground, when it began to
push and sway and move the dirt. A
box was thus disclosed. She took it to
her room and found it contained $11,000.
Sho mentioned tho fact to no one, not
even her husband, for two years. After
returning home she buried a part of the
treasure and kept the rest in tho house.
That part, somo $3,000, was burned.
Upon looking up the records it was
found that some months previous to the
alleged discovery of Mrs. Carter a safo
in n luinlwr yard at Lawrenceville had
been robbed of $11,000, and tho man
Pcnn, who was arrested for the crime,
said that tho amount taken had been
buried, but refused to tell the placo.
Detectives wero of the opinion that Car
ter was un accomplice of Penn, and a
warrant has been sworn out for Mrs.
Carter, charging her with receiving
stolen property. She has sinco left the
New Lakei In the Territory.
A dispatch from Elreno, O. T., says
that ono of the curious features of the
lato unprecedented rise in tho South Ca
nadian river is tho formation of numer
ous lakes along tho bottoms of that
stream. Tho sand has blown out of the
bed of tho river In times post until ahigh
embankment is formed along the shores
of tho river, and behind this bank nro
left tho lakes upon tho subsidence of tho
Btrcam. They give every indication of
permanency, and fcomoof them are many
squaro miles in extent. Tho loss of val
uable farm lands is very great, in many
cases tho settlers being driven from their
homes nnd improvements.
Tho recent birthday of tho queen of
Denmark was tho occasion of what ap
pears to American eyes it singular pro
ceeding. Tho Danish court is in mourn
ing for Priuco William of Glucksburg.
On tho royal birthday tho lord chamler
lain announced that mourning was
"suspended" for 24 hours. For ono day
accordingly all was joy and gayoty nt
Fredensborg. Tho next morning befit
ting gloom once more descended upon
the castle, and tho royal inmates again
began to mourn ns hard ns they could
for poor old Bill, whose spirit musthave
bceu touched by this delicate attention.
The Watchman Stood the Teit.
After 6overal houses nt Islip had l)ccn
roblied by burglars Mr. W. 1). Cutting
employed it watchman toguardhis placo
at night. It occurred to Mr. Cutting
last week to go out on tho piazza lato tit
night to seo if tho watchman was alert.
Ho did so and had only taken a faw 6teps
when a pistol shot rung out and it bul
let whizzed past his head. Then he re
treated, fully satisfied with his watch
man. Brooklyn Eaglo.
What I It?
Rumors grow that new nnd important
Icvelopmeuts in tho electrical industry
may occur about tho first of tho new
year. Wo know n thing or two, but can
wily ndvito our readers lo wait aud too.
In all Branches.
Done with Neatness and Despatch.
Most wonderful increase of circulation of any
country newspaper in the state.
In looking up your newspapers for
forget The Chirk.
Three months, -
of any Paper
and is read by thous
therefore, as an
in eight months.
.yj.t.vifiJtiUL'' St, LquU Republic. ,
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