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About The Red Cloud chief. (Red Cloud, Webster Co., Neb.) 1873-1923 | View Entire Issue (March 25, 1892)
" r-xi -
The wild bird's nest dips a quaint salute to the
summer wind as he passes.
And tnc half -ope'd "flowers dance a minuet to
the rustling of reefls and Krasse3,
And the waves roll on in a jolly sweep to ferry
him over the river.
For his path is the path of a merry heart, and
he laughs on his way forever.
She green leaves bowashc hurries on, as though
they opined that he knew them.
And the long limb? scrape on the cottage roof
as ho cheerily whistles through them;
And he sings to me. dear brother, the songs
that wc used to sing together
V.'hcn we lay In the bhadc, and heard the voice
that came with the windy weather.
And wc were three, wc two and the wind, for
lie was a playmate merry,
VTith his dreamy songs that ho learned In the
court of some wonderful woodland fairy.
And ha sings them still in a gentle strain, and
the early faith he is keeping.
As he kisses the Uowcr on tho hillside there,
where you for years have been sleeping.
And wc are three, as In days of old, for tho trio
shall n-vcr lc broken.
Though the time may bo when I corns to you
with a boyLsh smile as a token;
Ar. Ithe hearts of none shall be as true, though
to-day they may dearly love us,
A3 iLc ore dear friend who ever will sing his
lullaby sweet above us.
Carl Smith, ia Harper's Weekly.
,topy er"Vtf.Pi? if
ijnjy ESI CANrUo;4'C-
CHAPTER XXVI. Co:.TIXUED.
Ulatchford was conducted without de-1
lay to Scraggs' oilicc where everything1
was explained to him. He listened
quietly to the whole story, but as
ieraggs revealed to hira the sufferings
of .lohn Green's family and the villainy
of Harry Pearson, the old man's face
grew ashy and his gray head dropped
low on his breast, while ever and anon
a heartrending groan escaped him. It
was a minute or two after Scraggs fin
ished his hurried account before the old
man moved or spoke, but at last he
raised his head and cried:
"My God! my God! how I have
sinned. My child dying of want, and
the viper I have warmed to my breast
lK-traying my child's child to ruin. This
i more than I can stand, men: I can
not bear it another instant. Show me
this scoundrel, and I'll put a bullet
through his black, villainous heart.
Come. I must see him."
It was all Scraggs and the doctor
could do to get the old man quieted
down, but at last they succeeded in
inducing him to listen to reason, and
Iseraggs unfolded his plan of procedure.
Pearson is going to Green's to-night
after the girl, and we must arrange to
get there before him. Wc can never
see him here, for he will be in hiding',
but we can head him off there. For
fear he may get there before us and
miss us on the road, I will have men on
the watch for him at the depot with in
structions to detain him if he comes
back there. In that way everything
,Avill le safe, and we'll catch him some
where in the round."
This proposition was readily agreed
to by all, and then Scraggs continued:
"We want to get away from here
without attracting- attention, so while
Dr. Uascom conducts Mr. Ulatchford
to his house to await us, Paul and I will
seeure a carriage and drive out that
way. From the doctor's house we will
proceed to Green's. Now, let's get out
of here and begin to move."
Within a surprisingly short time
Scraggs had completed all his arrange
ments, and with his companions was
moving rapidly in the direction of John
It lacked but a few minutes of eight
o'clock when the carriage rolled down
the long slope in front of the cabin,
and Louise from her position at the
window hearing the rumble of the
vehicle and the clatter of the horses'
feet, felt that the most trying- moment
of her life was at hand. She had no
other thought than that Pearson was
coining, and at this near approach of
the climax of her sacrifice, she found
herself unable to bear up longer. Her
fortitude forsook her and she laid her
head down on the window sill and
wept. IJut quickly recovering she left
the house and ran to the place of meet
ing Pearson had mentioned, and there
waited for the carriage.
A moment later it drew up. stopped,
and a man sprang- out. lie was at
li ; :
i ny -c
s-va "ttt7 j
GOD BLESS YOIT BOTH.'
Touise's side in an instant and had his
arms about her, and she felt her senses
receding when a well-known voice
Tpoke her name.
"Oh, Paul. Paul!" she cried, "is it
't is, darling," Paul replied, "and
you are safe, thank God." and again
and again he strained her to his breast
and kissed her.
"See here," cried the old doctor as he
came tumbling out of the carriage, "it
.seems to me like that is a little too one
-sided. You have no right to monopo
lize things, Markham, and by your
leave I'll take one or two of those
"Take them and welcome, doctor, if
Louise is willing, for you saved her for
"Ah, you blessed old doctor," Louise
vai ifi. ;viy-'.7-
cried as she flew into his arms. "IIow
much I have to thank you for."
"Tut, tut, child," the old man said,
quickly, as he drew his hand across his
eyes. "Let's not be foolish. Here,
Markham, she's yours; take her and
clear out. Here, Louise, come back
here. There's another here who wants
to see you. Here's your grandfather,
Ulatchford. And here's Scraggs. Con
found it all! Scraggs is the man for you
to thank. It was hira that saved you
from Pearson; but you mustn't kiss
Scraggs. for he's bashful."
"Am I really free, of that man?" Lou
ise asked, as she nestled in her grand
father's arms and supported his aged
head on her shoulder.
"Free of him?" the doctor repeated.
"Well, 1 reckon you are. .lust let him
come here to-night and we'll make the
world free of him, too."
"He's all right. We'll attend to that,
won't we, Scraggs?"
"I guess we'll be prcttv apt to."
"That's what we will. IJut here,
confound it all, we're keeping Ulatch
ford waiting here while we're running
on like a pack of fools, and he wants to
see his daughter. Come, let's go on to
So talking away as excitedly and
happy as a boy over a new toy, the
good old doctor led the way to the
house, while Scraggs and Ulatchford
came after him, and Paul and Louise
followed a little further behind, arm in
arm, as happy as ever two ycung souls
were. When they approach?'! the door
the old doctor stopped, saying:
"We must be careful not to excite
l Mrs. Green, so if you folks will wait
uuisiuc nere just a ramuic x n go in unu
break the news to her."
"For God's sake don't be long, then,"
Ulatchford pleaded. "I have been too
long away from my child already, and
I must see her quickly."
"All right, all right," replied the
doctor as he bustled away. "I'll not
lose a second."
Coming into the room he tried to hide
his joy and assume a grave air, but the
great happiness that filled his kind old
heart to overflowing surged up to the
surface and showed itself in his eyes
and face in spite of him. John and
Mary both saw at once that the doctor
was overjoyed, but they never dreamed
of its cause bearing any relation to
them, so they said nothing-. The doctor
approached Mary's side, saying:
"Well, how is my patient to-night?"
"Some better than when you were
last here," Mary replied.
"Hum, glad to hear it- Guess your
father will be glad to know it, too.
Don't you think so?"
"I don't know, doctor. He seems to
have forgotten me entirely."
"No, he hasn't, though. I've heard
from him since I was here."
"Have .you? What did you hear?"
Mary cried eagerly.
"Oh, not much. He Iovcsyou, though,
as well as he ever did, and I think we'll
get him out here before long."
"Oh, doctor, do you think so, indeed?"
"Yes, I do. In "fact I know it."
"When will he come?"
"Why, pretty soon, I expect. Next
week or to-morrow, or he might come
"Oh, doctor, he's here now. I know
he is from your looks. Where is he?
Let me see him quick."
At that moment the door opened and
the old man entered. He tottered
across the floor and with the words,
"My child," sank on his knees by the
bedside and laid his head elose by his
daughter's and in silence wept.
The doctor motioned them all from
the room, and with noiseless step they
obeyed him, leaving father and child
alone together. It was a pitiable sight
to sec the once proud, cold old man,
now kneeling in deep contrition at the
side of the one he had so deeply
wronged, and it was a beautiful thing
to sec how readily the wronged child's
heart went out in forgiveness and love
to the aged parent forgetting in a mo
ment all her sufferings, and all his neg
lect and coldness. It was a sight that
touched every one present, and even
Scraggs, who was considered adaman
tine at heart, was seen to withdraw a
little to one side and mop his eyes vig
orously several times.
Alter awhile they all went back- into
the room to find the father and daugh
ter more calm and collected, and after
John had welcomed Ulatchford and
they had shaken hands and buried the
past, the doctor said:
"Well, Scraggs, we have done all the
harm we can. so we may as well gc. I
expect our room would be more valu
able than our company."
"You must not go, doctor," cried
Mary, "until I have thanked you for
what yon have done."
"Pshaw, pshaw, Mrs. Green, I haven't
done anything. It was Scraggs who
brought this about."
"It wasn't," said Scraggs, "it wasBas
com." "Come, Scraggs, you know better
than that. It was you who sent the
"Well, it was yon who did the rest.
It was yon who managed the broken
limb, and without that what would the
balance have amounted to?"
"Well, wc won't quarrel," said the
doctor. "So you may thank whom you
please, Mrs. Green. Now we'll leave
you, promising to call again to-morrow.
"Good night, and God bless you," re
plied Green, rising and taking- the doc
tor's hand. "And you, too, Scraggs.
God bless you both."
John and Mary had not been in
formed of the lull import of Ulatch-
ford's coining, and they were totally ig
norant of everything relative to Pear
son's conduct to Louise. They only
knew that Ulatchford had been brought
to his daughter with a repentant and for
giving heart, and they had no suspicion
of their child's narrow escape from a
! terrible fate. The doctor and Scrainrs
thought it best to keep that matter se
cret, and accordingly agreed to say
nothing about it. They arranged to call
on the morrow to further confer with
Ulatchford on matters of business, and
then drove away.
"This is a nice piece of business for a
money lender to be cugaged in," re
marked the doctor as they drove back
to Magic City. "You have forfeited
your right to your occupation, Scraggs,
and have disgraced your calling, by
showing that you have a heart. 1 shall
report you, sir."
"All right, doctor," said Scraggs,
"and I'll retaliate by reporting you to
the medical profession."
"Report me? What have I done?"
"I shall inform the world that you
kept a patient in bed a week under the
impression that he had a broken limb
when he had only sustained a slight
Uoth of those old fellows laughed im
mensely at their witticisms, and kept
up their chat and their mirth until they
reached their destination. They were
in great spirits that night, as well they
might be, for they had witnessed a
world of happiness, and joy is
always contagious. They were
not only greatly pleased with
their work so far, but each had mental
ly resolved to carry it on farther, and
this resolution was another well spring
of joy to their hearts.
Dr. Uascom had decided to take Paul
into his practice, which was enough for
them both, and Scraggs had decided to
sell Green's farm and get John settled
in business at Magic City. He knew of
a good opening for a man of Green's
honesty and ability, and he resolved to
get him into it.
The flight of Pearson was discovered
tjy Scraggs at an early hour the next
morning, and a little later upon making
a visit to the bank he learned of his em
bezzlement of Ulatehford's money. He
immediately telegraphed in various di
rections hoping to apprehend the rascal,
but it proved all in vain. Pearson made
good his escape.
Upon returning to Green's as agreed,
Scraggs and the doctor found Ulatch
ford in a critical condition. The ex
citement of the last few days, together
with the mental suffering it had
brought him, had been too much for
him, and now they found him weak and
failing. Dr. Uascom examined the old
Tim END DREW NEAR.
man closely, and though he made no re
port on the case his face became grave
and thoughtful, and those who saw it
felt sure that there was something seri
ous in his patient's ailment.
Scraggs would have avoided telling
what he had discovered that morning,
but Ulatchford insisted on hearing
everything about Pearson, and asked so
many questions regarding him that
Scraggs was eventually forced to reveal
all he knew.
The old man groaned and gnashed his
teeth, and for a long time said nothing.
At last, raising Himself in bed, he spoke,
looking steadily at his daughter.
"Mary," he said, "I have come to you
at last, but I have come as a pauper. I
come empty handed, and with nothing
but my poor love to give you. That
which I have slaved for. and which of
right was yours, has been stolen from
me by the one I took to my heart in
yottr stead. I turned you from my door
and took Harry Pearson in. I left you
to starve while I lavished money on
him. And now he has robbed me and
left me penniless, with no roof but
yours to shelter my head. My punish
ment is great, but it is not more than I
For three or four days the broken
hearted old man lingered on, growing
weaker hour by hour in spite of all Dr.
Uascom could do, and at last it became
apparent that death would soon claim
him. The Greens exerted themselves
to the utmost to make his last
hours as pleasant as possible, but
their kindness and unselfish attentions
augmented rather than diminished his
sorrows, since they only too plainly re
minded him of the great sin of his life.
He never spoke of his wife during all
his illness, and it appeared that he had
forgotten her. All his talk was of his
daughter and her mother, and over and
over again he accused himself of his
neglect of them.
"Thank God, thank God," he said one
day, "I have been spared to meet my
child and win her forgiveness. Thank
God that I am permitted to die under
her roof and with her face near me."
At last the end came, and the poor
old man who had wrecked his life
through a terrible mistake, slept the
sleep of the dead. Whatever his re
ward beyond the grave, wc know not.
He went into the hands of a just God
and his reward was in accordance with
justice and right. He had suffered the
tortures of a thousand deaths in those
few days following the terrible awak
ening to the wrongs of his life.
There is not much raorc to tell, and a
few more pages will end this story.
Paul and Louise were married short
ly after the scenes just described, and
set up housekeeping in a home of their
own next door to Dr. Uascora's. Paul
went into the old doctor's practice, and
being a kind, sympathetic man, suc
ceeded from the Crst in making him
self a popular physician. To-day he is
one of the most successful physicians in
the west, and has succeeded in laying
by enough of this vorld's wealth to
place his wife and two children, a boy
and a girl, above any danger of want. '
Dr. Uascom docs little practice now,
but he still takes a great interest in
Paul's work and often spends the even
ings with Paul's family, and he and i
Bascom Markham, Paul's boy, are great
friends. Paul and Louisa are always
glad to have the old doctor come, and
no matter how often he calls he is sure
of a smile of welcome from both of
Scraggs, true to his resolve, soon
found a purchaser for Green's land, and
with the proceeds, which was a neat
little sum, John set up in business at
Magic City. John was anxious to
leave the farm, for though the seasons
became more regular and crop failures
almost unknown, he felt that he was
not designed for farm work, and
his past experience with it gaye
him a thorough distaste for it.
In bus new occupation he suc
ceeded fairly well, and was in
time quite well to do. He regained his
old time life and energy, and Mary
became as bright as cheerful as a girl.
Gradually the remembrances of those
old bitter days, when they contended
against drouths, pests and mortgages,
faded out, and they could look back on
the past without a shudder.
It was a long time before they knew
of the great sacrifice Louise proposed
making for their sakes in those old.
dark days, and when finally the know
ledge came to them they could only
prize her a little more highly as a pre
cious jewel, the brightest and best pos
session of their Iwcs.
Scraggs continued in hisold occupation
of selling real estate and booming his
town, and much credit was due hira for
the wonderful growth of .Magic City in
the years that followed. Theperson who
goes to Magic City now may see a little
old man, win- and nervous, sitting at
Ins desk in his oilicc surrounded by a
fine display of agricultural products,
busily at work on some scheme for advancing-
his town's interests. That
man is Scraggs. He is always at work,
and his work is always for his town.
To Scraggs, and men like him, the west
owes much of its prosperity. It is such
as he who make booms and cause
towns and cities to spring up like
magic. They turn waste places into
gardens, ami deserts into prosperous
communities. They bring- before the
world the advantages of their section
of country, and cause its towns to grow
and its resources to be sought after.
All honor to Scraggs and his thousands
of faithful coadjutors.
It transpired after Ulatehford's death
that he was indeed broken up. All his
western securities were carried away
by Pearson, and into these he had, upon
Pearson's recommendations, turned
nearly all his wealth. His property in
the east was heavily mortgaged for
money to send west, and when the
news of his death and his western
losses became known, his eastern cred
itors closed in, and everything, includ
ing his residence, was sold at trustee's
Mrs. Ulatchford was thus left penni
less, and suddenly she awoke to the re
alization of the fact, and came up face
to face 'with the most abject poverty.
She had to step down from the grand
mansion where she had reigned a
queen, and to-day in a back street in a
poorer quarter of the city, there is an
old, dingy, dirty two-room house, before
which hangs a little sign bearing the
words "Plain Sewing," and in this
house, bending over the tiresome scams,
one may see Mrs. Ulatchford and her
mother and the two Pearson girls who
were sent away to school at Ulatehford's
Sarah is a sadly disappointed woman,
and full often she sighs for her fallen
grandeur. She often recalls the days
when she was mistress of Ulatehford's
house and when she with all her rela
tives lived in great plenty and comfort
on Ulatehford's bounty. She is. indeed.
receiving the just rewards of her
actions, and istastingthebitterdraught
she poured out to others. Rev. Wheed
lcr has long since forgotten Mrs.
Ulatchford. In fact he lost interest in
her when she lost her position in so
ciety and became unable to contribute
to his salary. Mrs. Ulatchford has
never forgotten nor forgiven Aunt
Mitchell, and it is probable that she
never will. IJut that matters little to
Aunt Mitchell, and she goes her way
quite as well satisfied as though Mrs.
Ulatchford was her best friend.
And now, having disposed of all the
other characters, nothing remains but
to account for Harry Pearson. He
went to the mountains beyond Denver,
and though Scraggs made every effort
to apprehend him, he was not
heard of for some months after
his escapade. The report that
came then was to the effect that he had
drifted into the mining regions, and
after gambling- away all his money
undertook to raise a stake by robbing a
mine. He was caught in the act and
after a hearing before an ex
temporary pioneer court, was taken
out and promptly huug to the nearest
And now our story is done. Years
have elapsed since the events recorded,
and the great state of Kansas has out
grown its early disadvantages. The
fertile soil of its great plains produces
wonderful crops, and its people are
among the first to respond with their
rich products to the calls of other suffer
ing lands. It has become one of the
first states of the union, and but for one
thing its people would be the most
prosperous on earth. It has escaped
the curse of pestfi and drouths; but,
alas, the farm mortgage still has its
deadly fangs buried deep in its soil.
When this curse is abolished and the
homes of the west become free of the
greedy Shylocks' grasp, then will the
land blossom as the rose and the struggl
ing people enjoy the full fruits of their
labors. May that time come quickly.
--v.irif wri'fca BmI B B ill
THE FARMING WORLD.
CLOVER LEAF HOPPER.
Am Insect Which llaa Caused Great Loss
During Fast Seasons.
The clover leaf hopper, illustrated
from Uulletin 15 of the Iowa experi
ment station, is one of the most serious
enemies clover has to contend with. It
is almost exclusively a clover feeder,
remaining upon the plant as long as
nutriment can be secured from it, but
moving to blue Trass, cabbage, sugar
beets, etc, when clover is not to be had.
It also freds upon pig weeds and other
garden weeds. The adult is about one
eighth inch long and half as broad, and
is marked with numerous dark blotches
and stripes, especially on the wings.
During winter it hibernates among
doid weeds and leaves and may be seen
hopping anxiously about on shiny days
in midwinter. It is among the first in
sects noticed in spring and can be
driven from its retreats under trash,
piles of hay, etc., any time in early
ApriL Tho larva) appear in May and
tho eggs may be seen under the epider-
CLOVEK LEAF HOPPER. (AjaHiit dl-
a. larva;: b, pupa; e, adult.
mis along the midribs of the leaves at
this time. The larva much resemble
tho adults, except that they are small
er and nearly white in color. Uy the
1st of July they are mature. The young
in ail stages appear from this time on
until late in autumn, and the new
adults doubtless begin egg laying ia
July or August, and tho larvaj
of the first brood arc ma
turing through July, August and
possibly September. The earliest
adults of the second brood might have
time to lay and produce a third brood
during the year, though that is hardly
probable. When feeding, the insects
insert their beaks into the stems of the
leaves, and often remain motionless
for hours at a time, sucking up the
juices of the plant Sometimes they
also feed upon the leaf blades. Their
incessant drains often cause the clover
to wilt, and unless the supply of mois
ture is ample this must soon destroy
the plants. From their numbers and
feeding capacity they are likely to
prove oue of the most destructive of
clover insects Where it is necessary
to undertake remedial measures, draw
a hopper dozer ever the field just after
the first clover cutting in July. This
dozer consists of a long, shallow
trough, with some sort of a guard ba
hind it to prevent the insects from hop
ping over it Into the trough a thin
coating of coal tar or water with a thin
layer of oil upon it is poured. Attach
a rope to either end. and drag it up and
down the field. The clover hopper, to
gether with large numbers of other
harmful insects, will hop into the tar
and stick, or be smothered by the oil
upon the water.
PRACTICAL FARM HINTS.
Set out your new currant plantation
as soon as the condition of the ground
Any hour when no other work is
pressing can be put in to advantage in
forking over the manure heap.
Put your sawdust around your cur
rant and gooseberry bushes. They
need good manure alone and will pay
Economy is the proper term for good
farming. Save the littles all around.
Chips will make as good a fire while
they last as big cordwood.
Cultivating the ground for flowers
and delicate early vegetables can be
better accomplished by a four-tined
spading fork than with a spade.
The winter winds often pile up the
leaves of the woods so that they ma'
be easily gathered and used for bed
ding down live stock when straw is
Visit a nursery and see how spades
may be kept bright The digging up
of trees needs the very best kind of a
tooL Few farmers have a good spade,
and a less number keep it bright and
When you set a broody hen give her
a green sod for the bottom of her nest;,
it tends to keep moisture for the eggs.
Mark the date of the setting on each
egg and see to it that no hens lay to
her or break her eggs. St Louis Re
public. Hotter Country Roads Needed.
A paper recently prepared by the En
gineers' society of western Pennsyl
vania estimates the average distance
which farm products must be hauled in
that state at five miles, and assuming
that half the agricultural products are
consumed on the farm, shows that the
clay roads entail an annual cost of Sl,
977,500 for transportation above that of
turnpikes. This would keep SO.000
miles of turnpike road in repair, or
would build between 690 and 1,000
miles of pike annually. This extra
time, which is required to market the
agricultural products of that state each
year over clay roads, amounts in all to
831,000 days' work for a man and two
horse team more than turnpikes would
require, which means that the work of
2,400 mon for a whole year is lost
A Trap for Skunks.
Skunks preyed upon tho apiary of
an American Uee Journal correspon
dent until he devised a convenient trap
oy which the invaders are caught and
can be carried, carefully, a long dis
tance without rousing ire or unpleasant
odor: "Dig a hole 2 feet wide nnd
18 inches deep near the place they
enter; lay an empty barrel, with one
head removed, on its side, and projec
ting over the hole so far that a slight
weight will cause it to fall into it,
where it will remain upright I put a
few bits of meat or cheese in the bar
rel near the bottom. The skunk will
soon find it, and its weight will turn
Uie barrel on its end in the hole."
The Best Soil Upon Which toGroirTlica
With nearly everyone that grows po
tatoes, more especially for home use.
It is quite an item to have at least a
few that will come in very early. New
potatoes and pease make an appetizing
dish, and if the potatoes are ready to
use by the time the pease can be grown
a little extra care will need to bo
given. One of the most important
things is good seed of some of the best
of the early varieties. Almost every
year there are more or less new va
rieties brought out that are claimed to
be very much earlier than anything
ever introduced before; but in a major
ity of cases after a trial a large pro
portion of these prove of no especial
value. One of the best of the early
varieties is the early sunrise, it being a.
few days earlier under the same con
ditions of growth than the early rosa
or the beauty of Hebron. A warm,
sandy loam that is stirred deep and n
well drained and reasonably rich is tho
best soil in which to grow early pota
toes. If manura is used it should bo
thoroughly rotted and fined, aial
then be well incorporated with tlm
soil. Run out the furrows reason
ably deep, using a good single
shovel plow. It will save labor
to take pains to run out good-sized
furrows. With a wheelbarrow or
hand-cart bring a quantity of fresh
manure from the horse stable and put
a good forkful into the bottom of tho
furrow where the hill of potatoes is to
be planted; put it into a compact little
pile.as the object in using it is to secure
a small amount of heat and also thor
ough drainage. Over this put at least
an inch of fine rich soil and then plant
tho potato on this, and cover at least
four inches deep. If the seed is handled
carefully it will help a little if the seed
is sprouted before planting; but if this
is done, very careful handling must be
given in order not to bruise or injuro
the sprouts or more injury will be done
than benefit derived. Good drainage
on each side of the hill mtist be given
in order to induce a good germination
and a vigorous start to grow.
Thorough cultivation from the start
must be given, keeping the soil clear of
weeds and in a loose, mellow condition.
A few hills planted in this way, if given
gcod care, will be ready for the tabid
in not over ten weeks from the timl
the seed is planted, but every advan
tage must be taken to give as favor
able conditions for growth as possible.
St Louis Republic.
Cattlng.IIack Ktentliil to Keeping Treot
ln O'ood Shape. j
The peach tree requires some prun
ing or cutting back to keep in good
shape. Tho branches during growth
continually lengthen, and grow very
little at the sides, so that in process ot
time they appear like poles with tufts
of leaves at the ends, as shown in Fig.
I. Uut if they are annually shortened
in, tho tree will retain a handsome
compact or rounded shape, as repre
sented in Fig. 'i (The stem may Iks
shorter, bringing the head nearer the
ground.) If the annual pruning is
omitted, they may be cut back the
second or third year, cutting where a
branch forks, and taking off tho
longest branch. We have practiced
both modes with decided advantage,
performing the work quite early in
spring, and have trees more than twen
ty years old well cut back and send
ing out vigorous shoots which bear as
fine peaches as young trees. No mat
ter how the work is done, provided
that the trees are kept in a rather com
pact and symmetrical form. Country
Farming Without Pig.
A somewhat eccentric farmer whom
we once knew took the thoroughly
Jewish view of the hog as an unclean
animal and would neither cat its Uesli
nor have one about his place. Most of
what usuallj- went to the pig pen was
given to the poultry. He claimed that
his hens laid more eggs than they
would if obliged to travel and feel
over land contaminated by the hog.
Our experience has always been that ;
few pigs at least enough to eat th
skim milk from tho dairy and be fat
tened mainly on small apples and po
tatoescould be kept with scarcely
any cost Such pork is siveet and not
unhealthfuL It is tha keeping of
large droves of hogs together, feeding?
them on ground that has been poisoned
by their excrement, that gives rise to
diseased pork and creates the dislika
against pork as a food. No other ani
mal furnishes so much or so good meat
for the food it eats as the pig. Ameri
A durable whitewash for barns anV
outhouses is made by adding to half a
bushel of quicklime, slaked, two
pounds sulphate of zinc, one pound of
common salt. To make a cream color
add three pounds yellow ochre; for
gray, four pounds raw umber and two
pounds of lampblack; for fawn, four
pounds umber, one pound Indian red
one pound lampblacfc
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