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About The Red Cloud chief. (Red Cloud, Webster Co., Neb.) 1873-1923 | View Entire Issue (Feb. 13, 1891)
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A reporter aact s crape chaaer ike
other day for the tmttiaae to Icbow who
and what he was. It was im m local
florist's shop.-- A rather seeiy aad lay
gubrioas iadiTidaal catered, la hit
hand he carried a aaaall wire
witn wire lettering, it was
that it was one of those trasses weed hj
florists in prepariaf wiealha Savl the
like on the occasion of faaersls.
The florist seemed to kaow the
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comer, and he sainted Jtiai fasstUarty.
"Well, Jim, what is it?" he asked.
"Just a few scraps," said the melan
choly one, "funerals this afternoon.
"Well, I can't do much' for yon to
day, Jim," said the florist. Then he
rummaged among his flowers for a few
.4Bmuiutes and finally handed Jim a few
Prranchesbf withered flowers and fern.
"It's the best I can do," he said.
"Never mind," said the melancholy
one, "I reckon I can make 'em dor
Then he went away as lsjubriossss
he was when he came.
"Lost some of his fsmily?" the re
"Gracious, no," answered the florist
with a laugh, "Jim never had any family
that I've heard of. Jim is a crape
chaser, you know." The reporter didn't
know, and then he was enlightened as
to crane chasers. These gentlemen
seem to have shown a very considerable
degree of originality in their selection
of a calling.
They form a portion of thst army of
persons who in one way or another
make a living out of the fact that men
must die. Some of the original meav
lers of the army have dropped out of
the ranks for good and for all. The
professional mourner, for instance, is
no longer to be seen. He is no longer
an institution respected even by the
small boys in the streets.
The crape chaser is another sort of a
tradesman. If he was vain-glorious he
might call himself a florist, although
that would Ihj rather stretching the
matter, since he bears about the ssme
relation to a florist proper thst a penny
cake stand bears t a full-fledged
The crape chaser's mode of procedure
is simple. He reads the death columns
of the daily papers every morning,
hangs aliout undertaker's establish"
ments in the tenement districts waiting
for accounts of deaths. He pays no at
tention save to those that occur in poor
families. He is at the scene o' death as
soon as or before the crape is hung on
the door. He goes armed with frames
that are appropriate for floral pieces.
ISy the exercise of any wile that may
seem to fit the occasion he manages to
secure interviews with some member
of the iKjreaved fsmily. The crape
chaser displays his frames. He argues
that he can supply floral pieces much
cheaper than any florist will, and this
is true, although he does not tell why
Sometimes he fails to obtain orders,
but many more times he succeeds snd
in his way docs a more or less profitable
business, for although he sells so much
cheaper than a florist with the flowers
he uses for wreaths and the like arc the
odds, ends and outcastings of the flor
ist's stock. So his profits are fully in
proportion to his outlay.
The trade has its ramifications too.
Near one of the local cemeteries there
is a man who makes a business of buy
ing tip the rusty old frames when the
graves arc cleaned from time to time
and the wrecks of floral pieces taken
from them. He cleans and repaints the
frames, and then sells them for a song.
The crae chasers are his best custom
ers. And so this queer business is car
ried on. X. Y. Mail and Express.
The Irliuilive Manner In Which Thr Are
A correspondent of the Levant Herald
tlescriltcs in a recent communication the
mode of producing so-called Turkey
carets. They are, he says, principally
made in the town ofOnshak. Ghiordes,
Koula. Demirgi, Melas,Ladik, Pcrgamos
and Sparta, and are exported for the
most part to England aad America.
Ladik, Pcrgamos and Melas are rag
producing centers. At Sparta the in
dustry has just been introduced. The
manner of weaving is primitive. The
wool, which is obtained from the fat
tailed sheep reared by the Turks on the
highlands, is washed by men in the
ncighlmring streams, and span on the
wheels by the old women of the town;
it is then sent to be dyed, after which
it is sold to the manufacturer. The
loom consists of two thick poles fixed
firmly in the ground at a distance
from each other; two others are joined,
one above, the other below, and to these
the warp or chain of carpet is attached.
At the foot of thai loom the weavers sit
cross-legged, sometimes as many as ten
in a row, each working at a two foot
width of carpet. The yarn is taken
from bobbins suspended above their
heads and tied to the warp; it is then
cut with a sharp knife, and the pile aad
wool driven together by mesas of a
comb. A carpet can be made of any
length, but its width depends onthe
size of the loom. Notwithstanding that
this is a primitive mode of proceeding,
it is not without its advantages; for ia
asmuch as the texture must be looser
than the machine-made carpets, the col
ors can blend more easily, and the carpet
or rug becomes softer and more pliaat
to the tread. The weavers are all
women; they are daily chaperoned
to the looms by an old wossaa,
who sees that they work diligently. Al
though the cold in winter is intense, aad
the workers suffer considerably, they
will not accept the humanitarian efforts
made to procure them someoskfort.
Mr. d'Andria, one of the largest carpet
merchants in Smyrna, offered to baild
for them a large factory with glass
dows, wherein they could work
fortably, though it blew a tempest with
out. Whether from fear of being seem,
or from some equally valid reason, they
refused this Ida offer, and continued
to work in wretched hovels, barely fit
for pigsties, warming their froaea fin
gers over the saaKMddering contents of
braziers. During the reign of Abeul
Aziz, bright colors' were in Togae,aad
the manafactarara had recourse to asht
eral dyes; now, however, the fashion
has gone oat, aad they have reverted to
"You hs- Last Wew Ye
j r ,
M fell yW I W
Uauncd cent into the
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I jr'.'5CW"'5s Z2ZL f?i
LiNCour, Nek. Feb. . ;
Thayer delivered his an
is very long aad la
sVaaght sufferers, of which the .(to-
"Oeeasieaat reperto rstBhrt aw at a
tesassrsf the nartlat iallara C the srssaeu
ef the earth. latawearto iMrtef ffsrsssfcer
for hels hegan te laeraaaa sy
every mall, sad were efths mat leeohlair
ana hnar lr eharseter; s much that I
4etermlM4 ft spseaJ le the iraMIe for aM
to relieve the most BreMias aeeas ef ,
"as, there was ae organize betfytotake
hole of the bualnes ef affording relief it
wemed to be the daty of the tiovrraer to
move la thlt matter.. Coasrqaently I ergan
IsasseeamtttMer Millet The sahlie gea
erallv have responded reneroaaly to the an
neals, aad they have the satisfaction of
knowing that they saved thoasaada of neo
pie frem armg.M -
The Governor pays a compliment to the B.
at M., Union Facile. Elkhorn Valley and Mia.
soari raeifle railroads for carrying free of
charge to the deatttate settlers, aad also says
that all the other rials Is the -late offered
to do the same, has easing te their location,
was net obliged te eaM asea the.
The message states that ,ll families will
require food and clothing through the win
ter, and 9.H families will need grain and
seed. Te relieve this suffering an appropria
tion of ), with an emergency clause is
recommended. Also the ci eat Ion of a beard
of relief whose daty it ahall be to make a Jut
and Impartial distribution of the fund" to
those In need. Themesaaite presents the
matter in a strong light and recommends
The Indian affairs are touched upea at
The State Treasurer's report of the ansa
cial condition of the state shows a balance
on hand November II. IM). of fl.tKI.M9.Wl
The total receipts from all sources Doing ft,-
SM.ft2H.4X The Auditor's report gives the as
sessed valuation of taxable property la the
state for IM at finjii. and for 1H at
U8l.17M04.:i, b?lag aa Increase slaee 199J of
The rate of taxation for State parposae for
Itmwaattk mills aad for the year Us 6Vt
mills oa raeh dollar vatnatlon.and there has
ben collected during the time the asm of
The report of the Secretary of State pre
ents a complete showing of the business of
his department dariner the past two years It
furnishes conclusive evidence of the remark
able enlargement of all business enterprise,
and contain the following tables: County
and other bonds. Incorporations, county ofll
cers, notaries, commissioners of deeds of
Nebraska and other States, elections and
other statistics. It also contains a Constitu
tional amendment making the board of
transportation a commission, to be elected
by the people.
The report of the Attorney-General shows
that the business of his depsrtiuent has In
creased In the number of cases in the Su
preme Court over M per cent The defects
la the present system of awarding contracts
for sapplies is referred to, and a recom
mendation made for some method of con
centrating the purchase ef supplies lie also
recommeads that the interest on school
lesses be reduced.
The report of the Commission of Public
Lands and Buildings furnished ia detail a
large amount of valuable Information in re
gard to the various institutions aad proper
ties of the State. It shows that during the
last two years there has been more building
and improvements at the different State la
stltatlons than m any previous biennial
.period la the hletery of the State.
The report upea the educational laads and
funds contains several suggestions relative
to Immediate legislation. " '
He recommends that the leases oa school
Isnds be reduced aad that a law be passed te
extend the time of payment oa sneh as are
about to expire er are' now due. He refers
to the report of the Commissioner of Public
Lands and Buildings, which shows a larger
amount of public Improvements durlug the
last two years thaa at aay other period la
the State. He presents the follow leg table
showing the number of acres of lands grant
ed to the State for educational dor poses:
Common school, acres
Agricultural college, acres.
State university, seres
State normal school, acres
Total number of acres 2.M6V971
Of this amount L&ff.SM acres are still the
property of the State. Of the common
school lands iS,eM. acres are under contract
of lease and SISjsa) are vacant. The perma
nent school fund contains securities that
amount to tt.aSl.e08, and cash to the amount
of Utt.em. making a total of S2.7ti.0M assets
In the permanent school faas, which is an
increase of fetem during the last two years.
To this amount maybe added the uapald
principal oa sales of school lands amount
ing'to $3,7e.eoo, which raises the grand total
of the assets of the permanent school fund
of the State to $612,99, exclaslve ef. the
value of school laads still vacant and not
leased. The annual Income from Interest on
sales aad aaaaal reatals of leased school
lands amounts tetlfjsea.
The ameoat ef moaey expended on public
schools .la Nebraska during the last year
was fMlMCs, aad Jihs total number ef chil
dren of school age In' Nebraska was 132,341
and the attendance was 126,19. Daring the
last two yearn 1st new school aoases have
been erected. Taeaumberof teachers em
ployed In the public schools of the State was
lO.nSJ, and they received la salaries $2,01,319.
The State University is also la a prosper
ous condition, aad the enrollment steadily
Increasing from year to year aad 'should be
generally supported. By the law of the Gen
eral Government military Instruction Is
made a part of the curriculum,andtbsyenng
men accordingly have .exercises through
eat the year.. Tela commendable feature ef
the coarse contributes to tae'maaly hearing
of the students, teachlag them habits of
obedience and soldierly conduct while at the
same time, by giviag .jegular exercises. It
contributes much te their geacral health.
This Is aupplementtt by regular gymnastic
cxerc!aes uasler-theidaecslon of theprefes
sorn mUitarySelesW Is la desirable that
the facilities of this department ef the Uni
versity should be Increased.
The report of the principal of the State
Normal school shews It to be m a fclghly
flourishing condition with a largely iaeressea
The State Llbrarisa recommeads aa ap
preprlatioa ef 14.eWforthe purpose of build
ing s vault m whieh to keep the records ef
the Supreme Court
The report ef she Deputy Commissioner ef
Labor treats ef aaskllted wage workers,
loan aad buiMmg associations, farm mort
gages, Aastraliaa system ef votlag, auger
beet industries, eteT
The State Oil Iaspscter leeomascade that
the law be so ameaded ae te prevent the
sale of oae grade of oil for that ef aaether of
higher grade. There should ha some pre
vision made te protect the cenaamer treat
fraud la this matter of eahstitatias; the
cheeper grade for the higher.
The Inspector's report for the two years
ended November at, MM. shows thst there
baa been Inspected 2e,eu barrels eteil aad
Total feea rereivei for
two years easetirevem-
Amoaat paid State Tree.
aftt eJssaalsaanmf WW
Amount paid Stale Treas
urer Jaaaery. Mt
Balaaec cash ea hand De-
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i the I
Misea ia deservlag ef hhth eema
The report ef the eommaadaat. of the eel
gtste aa-1 aaaerT heme shows there have
Of this number tisseeTase
ea the telle eflthe
Of these awre aeea
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for the frteadl
alasatse a ereat deal ef
The Nebraska mdaeerwl
women saeaM be
phftaathropy aad good will,
Th ark mt the Sew eemmissioa
prosLcatad daring the two years past with
Increased energy and suceess. The new
hatching house provided for by the last Leg
islature has beca built aad atted aa In a
complete and substantial manner, without
exceeding the appropriation for that pur
pose. The ameuat of the epproprUtlea from the
State made to the horticultural association
was $2.W per year during the last two years,
and thla amount has been expended In lie
payment of premiums at tbs State fair and
at the winter meetings.
An appropriation of $150.of Is recom
mended to maintain exhibits at the Colum
bian fair. -
The sugar beet industry is dwelt upon at
length, the ex-Governor saying: " "In ten"
years yon rasy expect to see Nebraska the
leading sugar-producing State In the Union.
Other States will take hold of this new agri
cultural pursuit, and the West will supply
the sugar of the country ami the price to the
consumer will be reduced from 23 to 38 per
The nresent laws relating- to assessment.
taxation and revenue are recommended as
it subjects for revision. Governor Thayer
says on the subject:
la my Judgment It Is your Imperative duty
to revise our present laws relating to as
sessment, taxation and revenue. That a vast
amount of propety. real and personal, es
capes assessment and taxation every year is
too plain and palpable for denial. That
there Is a vast amount of inequalities in the
assessments of the same kinds of property
but in tho possession of different Individuals
Iseouallv clear. The rich can easily hide
stocks and bonds, but the little, unpretend
ing house of the laborer can not escape the
eye of the assessor. There Is no Juster or
fairer method of deriving revenue than by a
fair assessment of all property alike at its
full value. Make tho laws so stringent that
they can not bo evadod. Punish those who
evade them, with an anspairiag hand. I be.
linve that the statutes can be so amended
that all persons can bo compelled to disclose
all their property. The penalty should Iks
made more severe upon assessors who con
nive at falso valuations and receive rewards.
Public opinion can enforce an honest assess
ment Provisions should be made by
statute for the Infliction of severe penal -
ties upon assessors who knowingly value
property falsely. It is not necessary to
make the levy according to the full assessed
value. It can bo reduced to whatever per
cent, you deem proper. If all property is
rated at Its real value there can be no excuse
for the present rate of taxation. Nebraska
has the reputation of being a high taxed
State; aad this impression has caused great
lajury to the State, It alarms capital and
frightens away Investors. Our policy has
been and is, low assessments and high rates
of taxation. It should be high assessments
and low. rates of taxation.
On the subjects of railroads and transpor
tation the ex-Governor says: "While rail
roads are a necessity to the people, the peo
ple arc a necessity to the railroads. The re
lations they sustain to each other must be
mutual aad should be so adjusted that the
interests of both would be promoted and
protected. Those who invest their means In
railroad property have a right to expect a
fair return on their investment Those who
labor have the same right tocxpeet a fair re
ward for their labor, which is their capital
lavested. RallroaOs should so adjust their
tariff charges that farmers, grazers, manu
facturers, merchants and all who ship over
them can do and receive a remunerative prof -It
for their business, ia so fsr as this end
be attained by reasonable freight rates, the
power of the Legislature to establish and en
force reasonable charges on the part of com
mon carriers has been fully established by a
decision of the Supreme Court. And that
power must be exercised in all cases where
the people aro subjected to extortionate
charges. The rights of the people must be
protected. The power which creates Is
greater than that which Is created. The peo
ple create and their power Is supreme, and
they speak through the Legislature to the
agencies which have been created for the
executing of their will. And it is your duty
to see that reasonable rates nre established.
"I advise the passage of a Joint resolution
providing for the submission of an amend
ment to the Constitution to be voted for at
the noxt general election authorising the
people to vote for three Railroad Commis
sioners, who shall have supervision of all
matters relating to transportation and to
whom all complaints should be addressed."
The Australian ballot system Is recom
mended as the best system of preventing
Farmers' institutes are also spokea of as
deserving of encouragement, as alo are
Tho creation of a Board of Pardons nnd
the establishment of an Immigrant bureau is
The Board of Pharmacy is complimented
as being a most beneficial Institution.
The labors ot tho State Banklag Board have
been attende 1 with much sneres.
The mat ter of irrigation is strongly com
mended, and a recommendation made that a
Joint resolution or memorial be passed org
lug Congress to further tho adoption of nec
essary measures to Irrigate the arid lands of
The message closes by counseling the
avoidance of all rash and exlreme measures,
aad the adoption ot wise, conservative legis
i Influence Worse Than nn
An underbred book that is, a book
in whiclfthe underbred characters are
the natural outcome of the author's
own mind and npprehension of life Is
worse than sny possible epidemic; for
while the epidemic may kill a number
of aseless or vulgar people, the book
will msko a great number. The keen
observertaiust have noticed the increas
ing number of commonplace, andis
criminsting people of low iatellectasl
taste ia the United States. These are
to a degree the result of the feeble, un
derbred literature (so called) that is
most hawked about, and atost accessi
ble, by cost snd exposure, to the greater
number of people. It is easy to distin
guish the young ladies many of them
beautifully dressed, and handsome oa
first acquaintance who have been bred
oa this kind of book. They are be
trayed by their speech, their taste,
their manners. Yet there Is a marked
public Insensibility about this. We all
admit that the scrawny young woman,
anaemic and physically undeveloped,
has not had proper nourishing food.
But we seldom thiak that the mentally
vulgar girl, poverty-stricken ia ideas,
has been starved' by a thin course of
diet on anaemic books. The girls are
not to blame if they are as vapid aad
aainteresting as the ideal girls they
have been associating with ia the books
they have read. The responsibility is
with the novelist aad the writer of
stories, the chief csareeterktic of which
is vulgar commonplace. Charles Dai
ley Warner, ia Harper's Magarlat.
If is. Wstts I aoat kaow what I
should do if I thought Mr. Watts ever
Mrs. N. Peck-Oh, I shealdaH worry
about that. 1 thiak that after a wife
gives her hnsbaad his weakly allow
aaee, he should ha allowed to do as ha
aleases with it. It a greatstraiaea
a asarrasd couples heraees lor the
wife to be too s
Trsmn-DoaVeall ase laxy,
I aauauayou I
r tfce Bade, '''c'v
k Iasdv-Well, tha one ia
mm earn wee to clear .aha ice '
smth. - ," f ". .fltsJ
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i vuraaBp isjb " y.
Tk W f " "- 7-. -T.a. ' C "
chort ) i rt. ttty ! i .wufWK
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mi mnmm a a tmaitmr m !
Tramp a. aa
ee- - fvfeh-" .
4, WMiniailil 1 waaalBB
tee here by the dlreettea
ef this great aaderewlaej
ef Keerasaa .te ptamets their leasts
d wader chesteata te their
IIL I aeae that la aM thinse toaemslea the
eJantty ef cKlxemshlp aad the public weal.
folfllrmeat of oar accepted trust; guided by
oer best wlsdoss.-aaunbltioaa la the perform
eace ot 'oar UDora, aad at all times trae te
the honor aad the eseeteheoa of the State.
We meet here (attracted bytae public voice,
you Is yoer sphere and I m ntine. different In
action yet the same in end. Aa public
ants, with express eemmsuds. we
be held . to strict account by those
who seat us here. Subterfuges aad strategies
and weak expedients will all be swept away
when we are called upoa to explain the rec
ord made wltbta these walls Ourprinclples
abandoned and oar pledgee unperformed,
the people disregarded aad the State be
trayed, means to-morrow, as It meant yes
terday, swift and complete political death.
In all that pertains to blooming gelds and
prosperous homes, in all that brings the peo
ple of the prairies In close alliance with the
people of the towns, in the promotion of
their welfare, ia the protection of their
rights, the redress of their wrongs. In lifting
their burdens and the speedy granting of
their appeals, and Anally in strict and even
handed Justice to all, I herewith extend you
my hearty approval In advance.
I have the honor, therefore, gentlemen, to
present briefly for your consideration a few
suggestions of what appeared to me to be es
sential to the welfare and contentment of
the people of this State.
Ecoxonr in roaLic affaibs.
The publie business should bo eondncted
on the same business principles that char
acterize the prudent man in the management
of his own private affairs. Unnecessary ex
pense should not de indulged. The public
service should not be a nest for useless ap
pointees. As disburden of the public funds
your duty and your official trust should be
considered too sacred to be thus prostituted
and abused. No official, high, or low, should
be generous at the expense of the people.
The administration of every State institu
tion should be conducted with strict fidelity
to its object and purpose, and on a basis
of exact economy, and in every instance,
if such should be found, all supernumeraries
should be promptly dismissed. In the man
agement of that branch of the public affairs
oonflded to my charge, all those clothed with
power by me shall be held to the line of im
partial duty, their fitness be made para
mount, and full and complete service be ex
acted and required. As trustees of an x
pressed trust let us get together on all mat
ters of state, to the end that our people may
be made prosperous and the Commonwealth
exalted to a proud position In the history of
the land. From tho length and breadth of
the State comes the cry of oppressive taxa
tion. Living Is high and the markets are
low, while back in the stricken sections we
hear the plaint of suffering and distress. It
Is our duty to lessen these hardships and
soften these pains. Every dollar paid out to
a useless employe is a theft from the pockets
of the poor.
Two and three per cent per mont. e too
often exacted in this State from the lowly
and the poor. Our present Interest law Axes
7 per rent per annum as the legal rate, hut
permits 10 per cent per annum by special
contract. If more than the latter amount is
reserved or contracted for the penalty Is a
forfeiture of all Interest, aad the lender can
only recover the amount actually loaned
I suggest the enactment of a law with severe
penalties, ample to reach and destroy that
class of extortion and punish those who
Our State Is to be congratulated on the ef
Aciency of its publie teschers and the high
educational standard to which our youth
has attained. In public (duration, as In
every line of progress the State has made a
proud record. In the past twenty years our
school districts have Increased from 9? to
6.24X State Interference or State supervision
over private, parochial or denominational
schools ought not to be encouraged.
Any action taken by you for the advance
ment of public education and the dissemina
tion of knowledgo will receive my most cor
dial Indorsement. Much complaint has
been heard regarding the excessive prices
demanded for most of the standard books
used in our public schools. We need such
legislation as will furnish books to our
schools. If not free, at least at the publish
er's wholesale price.
The people of this State have recently de
clared themselves on that class of legists
tloa known as sumptuary laws The ques
tion of the manufacture and sale of liquor,
after full Investigation, broad discussion
and cool contemplation was duly presented
to the people at large. The result Is known.
What was then a matter of vital Import to
tbe State's onward march to prosperity and
reaown would seem to be wrapped in that
sleep of death which hath- neither resurrec
tion nor remorse. 8o pronounced a speech
by the people should not by you be ignored.
The Hue ot daty would seem to be to accept
the people's declaration and lay all thoughts
of such enactments aside.
The platform of the political parties repre
sented ia this Legislature all favor revision
of our law relating to the subject of trans
portal Ion by rail. Our present system per
mits the practice ot unjust discrimination
and extortion. It is claimed to be carried oa
to such extent as to rob the farmer of pros
perity aad impede the advancement of the
Stats To provide such relief as the condi
tion requires Is one of your most serious
tasks Your discretion will be taxed to
remedy one grievance without imposing an
other. Kemembering the Important rights at
stake oa all sides, your actions abould be
well studied, deliberate and free from preju
dice or personal pride.
Stady for yourselves the cause of popular
eomplalat aad grant due relief, bat do not
unjustly burden and oppress the heavy
vested rights In these lines of transportation
which have dene much and promised more
for the full development ef this State. Of
all substltates offered for ear present mode
of controlling sach transportation, examine
and study each and every oae; select the
most salutary features aad embody th- m In
to a Just aad dispassionate law. The object
to be attained is the an leu of the interests
of the corporations with thoseof our people.
If these companies were made to share tbe
vicissitudes ot the public, to suffer by its de
pression as well as profit by its prosperity,
complaints ot discrimination and extortion
woald not be heard. Ia solving this Irapor
tent bat much vexed problem, It
your study te weld together the rights and
Interests of tbe owners or, and the patrons
of these numerous lines. Situated mid
way between the two seaboards, our people
are vitally Interested la the question of
cheep transportation. Legislative attempts
hitherto to establish low rates ot transporta
tion for the product ef our farms have not
been satisfactory to tbe producers. These
corporations ere creatures of, aad under
control of, the law, aad you should so legis
late between them aad the people as to pro
tect all and isjure none Hiving full control
ef the rataad earryiag trade ef the country.
these corporations arc In pocltien te exact
unjest tribute from the people, aad that they
will de ae, unless carefully guarded by the
Legislature, aeede ne proof here. It Is the
duty ef the State Qevcramsnt te atudleutly
watch ever and protect the rights of
the people la the maWca ef railroad tar
iffs, ta the cad that they amy enlev
beaeflt ef the lowest rates consistent
fair dealing. Let me
sere my favor te aay measure
m the tatersses of the neeatc.
Just to clL aajaet te
He net enter upea the passage of mas
isseviasMe rceuMwm beta -retard the
oar lailreed system snd mbbui
and their m-
people appear te
regard tae uteemt aears
as having eeeompliehed Uttle
anetr behalf Their later
sIceMc te tafee
sale sasxyv ssesaBwaa sbjcsbbs
SBaSaTCBt Baaat YeeaBMarat ta 'eaaSt 4
I - , eaakaBBBBl BBBBdB aBBaftBB-BBBBBBl
eadpredeetleasaf ear Mate
seasMy made keawn and the tadeetrle ef
bbb aaaBat aBJaVslBmSBuBB
SBSBsUr UBWBPBSBWeBT ST SneaTWCnssrOBSBU7SS
hie rank among her ekrter
sad i-eeetved gfewuss
at she Cotton Ocatcaaial et new
a tew years age, Taolaarclc
the need roseHs which let-
MiMffeM-M easw M sWCJJVfJB eaVNNst
la this great
The several States of she fJahm wal be
at this eanceltlea. aad they
makiag liberal appreprlaltoac ta that behalf.
It hshaavee Bit rasas te malatsaa her pread
etendlag in the front rank. The natural
ef ear matt. He resources. He mat.
rial picepstlty sad the advanced mdaatrtee
ef sa people saeutd he made known tethe
werte,eae lacs tee seam may
f any eeeeeaaltohed. s raaeaehlc epprepria
flea ter seen purpose saoaM ae
Owing ee the extreme drought of the last
season la the Western portion of the State,
many of tMeesstSlsrs arc la a needy eoadl.
tloa and will require eld from some source
aatu the crops of next season will afford
AMU appropriating tmm for thst per.
pose has already been approved by me and
if aay farther aid Is needed to sustain our
suffering people antll another crop will sup.
ply their wants. I will sanction each appro
prlatioa as may be necessary.
The Governor recoaimend;k change in
the voting system in line with recent
changes in other States. lie want.
more Supreme Court Judges with better
remuneration. Reform U asked for
in the method of choosing Presidential
Electors, which he thinks ha much to do
with "pivotal State" having o large a
pull in conventions. With reference to
public warehouses the Illinois law Li
recommended. The National Guard
comes in for high commendation, atten
tion being drawn to its late campaign
on the frontiers. Concluding his uicv
ssge the Governor makes the following
appeal for harmony:
In conclusion, xentleinen of the Senate and
House of Representative. I am prompted to
ask of yon that close communion which
should always exist between your honorable
selvesandtheexecutive of your State. Let all
personal and political considerations for tho
time, be laid aside. Let us lie distinguished
in our labors for the good of
onr fellows and the Rlory of
the State, by that exalted position which
rises above party affiliations and party tr'fe,
and when at lat we part and o out from the
scenes of our public service, let us lar with
us that high consideration, each for the
other, that endearing remembrance of our
public and sorinl relations and that sterling
conAdence in the sincerity and honor of us
alt. without which public life loes Its moat
pleasing charm. Jamkm K. Horn.
A PRICELESS WIFE.
She Saved Her Boaaet Money aad Saved
"My dear, you look worried." said
Mrs. Fosdick to her husband, when he
came home on a recent evening.
'Yes; and you have hanlly enten
any thing. What has gone wrong?"
"I didn't intend to betray sny anxie
ty, my dear;" and Mr. Kosdick tried
to look cheerful.
"Hut I can tell from your manner that
something hss gone wrong. You must
tell me all about it"
Mrs. Fosdick went over to her hus
band snd entwined her arms around his
O, it's nothing."
'You can't put me off like thst, Har
ry. Tell me whst js on your mind,
'Well, I have met with losses."
"Never mind, cheer up!"
"But I have lost all I possessed."
"Not all, dear," replied the sweet
woman, "you have me yet."
"Yes, bless your loving little heart, I
"And you have your health.
"Then don't worry."
"lint, my dear, we shall have to leave
our home thst yon are so fond of. That
slump in stocks took every thing."
"Harry, dear, come up stairs."
Mr. Fosdick" followed his wife into
her dainty boudoir, and watched her as
she opened a drawer in her escritoire.
She took therefrom a large envelope
and bade him open it.
He did so, and to his surprise found
that it contained five hundred dollars in
"Whose is this?" he managed to ssk.
Instead of snswering his question his
wife handed him another envelope and
told him to cxaininp its contents.
He did so.
Like the first, it contained jnst five
hundred dollars in large bills.
"Hut whose money is this, love?" he
For reply the little woman banded
him a third envelope.
This, too, contained five, hundred dol
lars. "Are yon acting as banker for any
body?" Fosdick asked.
"Yes," replied his. wife, smilingly,
and she handed to her husband another
envelope, similarly filled.
"Who fa the depositor?"
Another envelope was handed to Mr.
Fosdick, and it, too, held five hundred
"That's sll," ssid the happy little
woman. "That Is twenty-five hundred
dollars. And that's what you have to
begin life again with, Harry."
Mr. Fosdick's eyes opened wulely.
"Is it yours? Where did you get it?"
"It was mine, bnt I have given it to
yon to begin life with, love."
"But where did you get it?"
"Why, I hsve msde my own bonnets
for the last two years. Will ism Hen
ry Siviter, in Mansey's Weekly.
THEY WERE TOO LATE.
Somebody Had Probably Been Already En
gaged. 8omeyears ago a newspaper pub
lished in Newcastle, England, com
memorated its centennial by reprinting
Iu fc"5- U WB mU 8Dcet
so a copy of the reprint was soiueo in
side the current number. During the
afternoon of that day a middlc-sgcd
couple called at the office snd informed
the clerk that they hsd come in answer
to the advertisement ia the morning's
paper, which directed applicants to call
at the office of the paper for particu
lars the man to attend cows aad the
wife to act as general servant ia the
house. The clerk could not remember
aay each advertisement; but, to oblige
them, as they were eviaeatly from the
country, aad very positive, he went
with them through the advertisesseat
columns, but nothing of the sort could
he faaaa. Bat they repeated they had
seea it fat that morniag's paper, both
notidagthsS day of the month. Thea
it occurred ta him to leak at the re
old naassr.aam there he found it .It
was with sosse dimculty
Ms dsmpanwat'd visiters that they
exactly oae a assure a years too li
Did It ARhodelsaatad
seMffsA-siaoahoasc aad rummaged
ad seeared oaly two eVallars ia
Next day the aaaars said he
aa ia ateOethea
ea asaff CeVfm'fdA!wadaai aa)
ef fcec ae4 salarl
mwwcdsaaulalcha MMo state aad reswet ee
thaadVaMbilseftrdswHta the sassr. The
tased swltstrr'e b.u to retf? ve the
Cwart frees arttfag ewt owls lees ea
that have lets etld ta prvtis
Alee BaaSdell'a bill reoutrlaar earnae
ettrka te eereust for fcec for taaktnt tag
nets. Aasetactasaaurlcl ta Costarvas htng
fecWjsaveafeetadrociagrrTra. At tbe
aftarecea session hilts were cMBh!rd ta
OtataUtct ef the Whole.. Whea the Meaac
met tt west lateCemmWtB ef the Whole to
eeeatdar the ceejcerrcst reanletloa Atisg the
tune ter hr!ag the reelected elect Ion easaa.
The resciwiloa was fermelly report aad
Pecscd by 74 to M. The bill appropriating
tmMa)lsrdroht sufferers peeved. At the
aiteraace scmm the Mil for a recount of
the VBtccwth prohibitory asewdaut was
ladeaaMciy postponed by a vote ol 1 to XX
The htU paaeed prevldln for the lesue of
tlSMSe In per rent. bonla toru Aveyrara,
to be used In relieving the aaeltlr oftha
droaaht atrlrken uSVn-ra and for pnrfh
hag seed. Also the legUUtive apprnpriatioa
MoTBtso ot Interest m transacted In tbe
Senate on the Jti. ScTrrat rmul(t re
ported aad Mr. awiulrr iatrodurrd a reso
lution (to correct an rrronrwia IsKpreMion
that had gone abroad) that It lt$i- - of
the Jieaate that it is ntivlir torhsngr thr prra
ent Interest law and Incjjtcltmt t rjatrnd
the time of stays of execution on mortgage.
The ro:utlou went orrr. Adjournal , la
the House a rraolutlon wa atlypted tor a
committee to tn.ulrr and rrpnrt to the Ilmise
upon certain matters In regard to the purr
to farm out convict labor at the penitentiary.
Hills were then ronsldrml in Ottuutttrc of
the Whole and at the aftrrncwm acwiion bill
were introduced, The Uallroad ivmimiltre
reported back a uttltutr for tl berry
maximum tariff bill. rUlns; frelxht raloa tbe
ainc as now exit In Iowa, and reeotn
mended the bill for paaxe. .Idjmtrnr-l.
THB Senate tac-t at 4 p. in on rrhruary J.
when committees reported aad many bills
were Introduced So other lulnea was
transacted ...The Itnua Biel mlth t.arrlr a
(luorum. Mr. Newberry's hill to ela.alfy
freight ami Ax miiiwum rates wa taken up
in Committee of tho Whole but It developed
that the committer amendment had not
-cn printed and after much talk the hill
was laid a de and bills on general Sic eon
sldercd. The bill to repeal the auajar bounty
was discussed at len:th and recoiniucaded
for pasae. Many other bills were eon
atdrred and a motion for a three days ad
journ uicnt created a lively debate and pend
ing; U consideration the House amid some
confusion adjourned unlit nrju morning.
UtT little tmslnr was transacted in the
Senate tm the 5d. A resolution of regret at
the death of Secretary Windnia and of sym
pathy to his family parsed unanimously.
The chair announced Senators Kcxtestott.
Mattes. Taylor. Van llousen and Miuuiway
the standing committee on flh and game
The House adopted a resolution asking the
defeat of the Oonajcr lard hill ami fur the
passaKC of the Tnddock pure looi! hill The
Railroad Committee, f.norabty reported thn
bill rvdttcliiK fares to two rents per mile. Mr.
Howl's bill In regard to chattel uuirtaaes
failed to pass. The bill passed to prohibit
bucket shops and speculation in options.
Many bllla were considered In Committee of
the Whole. Th Spesikrr appointed Wilson.
McKesson and White a a romuilttee to at
tetnl the convention at Ualvcitou. Ad
journed. Aftks standing committres reported la
the Senate on the Itli the joint committee
appointed to wait on ex tJorernor Thayer
announced that he hail prepared a me,:uo
ns retiring (inventor which he was read; to
deliver whenever the legislature was ready
to receive It. It was voted to receUethe
message Thursday at 3 o'clock. The liousn
bill appropriating lUo.uvj for the drought
silfferers was recommitted In order to up.
;ply an otnUsIou. The House bill appropri
atlng K5M) for the sufferers pel In
tln House many hills were Introduced. The
House fixed upon Thursday to rcceira
ex Coventor Thayer's message, llllls pisei
requiring railroads to liulld cattle guard at
farm crossings; accepting donations trout
the United States for the agricultural de
partment of the State University, ami re
pealing the bounty on sugar. Alter a stormy
and exciting debate a resolution Inviting
Coventor lloyd to send any communication
ho might hare to send to the I-glslatiirn was
adopted by a vote of U to to, and the House
I'Minos and resolutions were Introduced
in the Senate on the th and many hills were
reported on by standing committee. Kilts
were Introduced and a resolution adopted
to attend I ,.i House In a body when Ct.r
ernor lloyd's tncssagu was read. At thnhour
tf 'l o'clock the Semite Joined the House to
receive Coventor Thayer's uiessagii. I'pou
returning the Senate soon adjourned I'e
tlons for municipal suffrage for women were
presented In the House and standing com
mittees reported A resolution was unani
mously adopted appointing a committee to
waitu poti retiring Coventor Thayer and
Coventor lioyd and arrange for receiving
their message. After much talk a resolution
was adopted for the appointment of a com
mittee to attend the deep harbor convention
at Calvrston. The message of ex Corernor
Thayer was then received, read ami ordered
printed and the House adjourned.
Tiif.iik are three insane convicts in
the penitent inry whom it is not iot
ble for'thc officers- aitl s they are to
look after the sane men, to fare fur.
The snperintendctit thinks they should
be sent to the insane asylum.
Ax Arapahoe business man has been
taken in to the extent of .V by a C. O.
D. express psck&ire which consisted of
a ciffur box containing two bravi ring.
Oswali Haiku, of Wcepinpf WaU-r,
who obtained a verdict at Ilattsmouth
in the district court aaiat the Mis
souri Psclflc railway for 1,500 for the
death of his wife in IVcemtwr. lJwi,
has now begmn suit in the district court
st Nebraska City against the sarm
company claiming f-,000 daningcs for
the same cause. The verdict in the
Cass district court wss set aside and a
new trial granted.
Tiie other morning' Mrs. .1. II. Hedd.
of Lincoln, accidentally killed her baby
by giving it an overdose of laudanum.
The little one had been ailinir from
some childish complaint and cried al
most incessantly. A neighboring
woman happened in and advUed Mrs.
Kedd to give the child some laadanam
so as to stupefy it and make it uncon
scious of pain. She did so. but being
unaware of the desdly qualities of the
drug, gave it an overdose and the little
one went to sleep never to awaken.
Bcbglars entered the residence of S.
B. Cowles, president of tbe Pacific Bank
st Clerks, the other night, snd whea
Mr. Cowles hesrd them in one ef the
rooms he went to investigate a
knocked insensible. I pon recoeei
he fouad his wife desd. the ro
evideatly hsviag strangled her ia their
efforts to keep her quiet. About AM and
sosse jewelry was sll the reward the
thieves got for their dsstardl v deed.
Tax other evening .Mrs. .M.
comb, of Beatrice, wss given a tea
spooaful of carbolic add by her hsa
baad through a mistake, resultiag ia
inflicting frightfal bums that it was
thosght woaM prove fatal.
Taa Graad Army peat at Albion has
seat ortr tssw worth of food aad elota
hsg to a Graad Army post ia Custer
Coaaty for dietribetkm aasoag the
Taa sugar beet palace at Graad 11
aad has heea sold aad traasJormed hrla
a storage, coesaiaaioa aad traaaafersls-
Zxas McCor, a fcarmer aear Bar
ehard. held a poet while a seighhar
drove hmto the fjoaa-l with a sledge.
A Tacaa ataa by the aaese ef HueV
killed hy the aeri-
mi a gaa at Deeary.
A alt caareh aorth ofthe village of
place af warship Wlham taa little tta
aearalaclkWapsAa ia asesar-
tthai heea roehed ef its eeertoats, a
leae aichel aad the rJesmof a B4Meealy
ee. BMttee snd Weeds
hrveetiMic the maMir
aBBBBaaaBB -V UBVaa-SBk BBsaaVXCa BUI VaSaV BUT BUUUbbbbbbbb. SXBUUUUUUUUbT BUUUUUBI UUSBUUUUBbT SBbUbbbj WBBbbbb aBBBSsa aaaaf WBBbbbbb-
aeurBusnasBB. emieasaBsa ra- ami srwa are hf m , . - -
far s .Nstteasl
Ave years eg dace
tact a awaeral seas
Sav Me sjBjatsBj
uaMe end eaM
tlae ta bs the Xsttaeat
eaeh AHIeace. iwiBtlf
Uslegates fresa each
gajitsaltoB mt sach bodice, aad
and bttsikcea insssgsrs ef
ftar-rr betoeglag tc the
r, r Klder. gatkiasl raalrsseai t'etae
party. Ottawa. Ka.t W. A
president rarmere Atttaaec i
fnlwn. HarCy. Ark.. A. JL
Windsor, lit. Albert a AM
o( Congr-aa. ldreyJ Ia . Jaascc E. Wcavav,
ixsj Mota-. ta j A. at Crahasa. UmpsmB.
T.a . Captain C. A. rwar.Tarr- Haaa.ta..
J. r lladie. Hsrdwaa. Ora, R. k Say-f.
tXitoeroy. Wash.. 9l t, XcstasV Catesaw
Seatlael. Chleaco. lit I Joha aTsskWvvra,
Cbk-ago ttxpreaa, chatrssaa t!. fu ewe.
vent ion of Illinois. J. H. A, hair
man lcptca party "f ladtaaai W f
MrMahew, ascrrfary fVopU's party mt la4
ana.C J. Howard. Laraasta. Wyo, laal-l
CamplM-ll. tVractw. la . G-svrga C SWreher.
yrarus. X. T J Charirc A. rort. Uswcaw,
N. Y . S J. MroBaos), Dallas. Ta.,C X Jea
son. Com Milt. T. X. . ttob-rt eehrtllag. hets
uaa V. L. party tt Wleiaslat A W. Chaaa.
chatrtitBR frople's party of Kansas, Jots t.
Willltta. National lretor-r g. A. I :.. -
j !. Kan. : W p,
i ,,r from Kansas M.
ffsr. t'toited Matac S-a-
Tlaccat. eOltor So.
Conformist. Wlnfleld. Kan.; W. I. t, leey.
Kentucky. N C. Katun, alsaoart. W T UM
mire. JUttona! acrrvtary Xcttcsial Ollseae
Industrial AlUanc. r W Ctlrwta. Xaltoftal
president JJatloaal Citlaena' tadwetriet AIM.
arice. Kaasas City. Mo.. As st, Asdtedctc,
New York: M. C bUbSIm. s rotary Vaie
Labor National contmtttva. Indlaaa. C. V
Vincent, editor Keoaosate tarterty. Wla
Arid. Kan.. J ti. Klagsl-ury. adlti.r Slllaaea
Advocate. Indiana; J. V lUadolpb.K1.
Kan.; t. a. Maxon. Em port a. Kaa. , Vaa A
l'rather. Stat lecturer, rsraaars AUIaae.
folumtms, Kaa.; A ht MuNspbrey, Moaataa.
Tea.; Iguattas lsoriaeUy. Mlaassnta. Naah
Allen, vice pr-sldent Natwnal Clttseas ta
do-trial Alliance. Wichita, Kan.: S M. galdav.
National lacturer National Ctllsasa' la
dustrlal Alllanra, Klngasaa. Kaa.: Hagh
Cavanaugh, Claclaaatl. John Saita. uhlo;
Charles Jenkins. OhU. J. II hum, '
hraska. II. S. chitting. Cuthrle. ok ; Joka
H. Hhe. rnrt Scott. Kaa.. J. a Hend-t-hsaa.
Mlsxiurl.J. r, U.nrtl. Missouri Caartas
I Ward. New York. William U rJomfca. Sw
York.C K Hammond. Tenaisaaa. J. C. Val
lette, Noraleh. Cnn . Jamea Cork rail, Ktw
uiundr. III.. K. II. Snow. sal rvlaler. M
lava. Kaa.. J. r l-tlu-r. Itrassntnn, Kaa..
II. K. Kirs. Wlrhtta. Kan. . Hm V, girh. hiaf
clerk ef the House mt tUprs-saBtallv-s of
Kansas, and man itfhara
THE rTAILROAD AQfttrCMENT.
lluathsgtow aadttaald Seehtag
Nkw Yoks. Feb. The Men klsy
says: "It Is an open secret among
their im mediate aaaociatra that el
though Mr. Jay Gould and Mr. I.
Ilttntingtoti, rrprraeatiag respectively
the Missouri Pacific snd the lioathera
Pacific syatrttis, gave their saacnt U the
agreement, uhich U the )aata of the
new Western Hallway Trasse Aaanrle
tlon, that agreement dhl not wla their
"It tilil nft go far enough to suit
cither of them, but they accepted it aaa
step in the right direction simply br
attse it was a sort of comprombs
measure upon which all the rompsniea
represented at the ennfereace at Mr.
Morgan's house could agree. It le to
the credit of Mesara. Goeld snd Hunt
ington that tltcy not only yielded their
personal views, but that they have
since entered into the spirit of the
agreement with as much, if not
earnestness than certain of their
pet i tors.
"Mr. Huntington's remedy for the
evils of excessive competition ia con
solidation. 11 U conviction la based on
experience. He haa welded his Inter
est into one great companythe (south
ern Pacific over 7,00 mile of railwsy.
forming a system extending from lort
land, (Ire., to Galveston, with a
monopoly of the rail transporta
tion on the entire Pseiae enact,
Mr. Gould's plan was the adoptloa of
joint agencies for the conduct of alt
competitive traffic and the discharge of
the vast army of frrlg-ht eaavaaaera,
whose real is largely responsible for
the almost constant demoralisation of
rates. Mr. Huntington's views were
considered too radical for immediate
adoption. Mr. GottM'a plea wee re
ferred to the commissioners of the new
"Since that association wss ferssed,
neither of these railway managers have
Iwcn idle nor here they abandoned
hope of ultimately perfecting en silt
snee between the railways west of the
Mississippi, which will red wee the evUe
of competition to a minimum. Coeattng
upon aeqsSeecenea of the maaagcreaad
stockholders of the Atchleea romaaay.
Messrs. Gould snd Ituatlagttaa have
hsd their lieuteasnta prsatw ea
hsustive analysis of the capitsllestWaa,
the iatlebtedne, earalng aad mileage
of the Missouri Psciffe, the fwmthera
Pacific and the Atchison systems, wfth
the view of determining from them a
beam upea whieh I
may be consolidated or browght
the coatrol of a single oeerstloa. A
great deal af paagreea has ht
and the work doe not lag
Mr. Goald La absent from the cHy.
die svstem hsve beea s
San Frsaciaeo to take part ht the
aad it is traatwotthily staled thed Awev
thaaehetae. As yet
haaaasts Is sseeiaarly
leuaocltiesv hat all
Btreagly hi favor af its
rhile retaraing f
his gaa. The eea
barrel faeeed entirely
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gat a ia her eleepv
h-sjtWfeara frees the 1
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If that werht-fameJ rvteedy. Dr.
Oeldea Medkal lseverv.
a fair trial.
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