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About The Red Cloud chief. (Red Cloud, Webster Co., Neb.) 1873-1923 | View Entire Issue (May 30, 1890)
I THE BEDOLOUD OHIEF.
A. C. II09MRK, fubtlther. (
IIKD OMUD, .... NEHKA8KA.
TO AN OLD BALL SLIPPER.
O llttlo shoot so worn and frayed,
With heel forlorn and how decayed,
lion- changed lnco granny flrst rilsplnjcd
Vour pristine nlory I
Yon poor, hcdriigKtpd No. 3,
Ynti nro allvo nt leant to mot
Whilst IjIiir thcro I seem to see
Your simple story.
llrdlKlit In nilincnt white nnd purn
Your inlstrcs trlpprd, of rotupirHt pure;
Per ilitrtinvln who look moit tlriiiuro
Arn not uncanny.
P'raps grandpa cstnn In garments umiirt
Yiikt triumphs of tmrtnrlul nrl
Willi valorous-word, jet trembling henrt,
To wiHioiir urniuiy.
TIioho wero thn day when wlfn nnd imild
Ingenious towers of lnilr dliqilnved.
When nlii,'ln lorKnottc t ntrovo to uld
When beam wore kerchlovei girt with straps,
Ingenious coat with mnny flnps,
And whIMcouU which would now, porhnps,
Waists low, wulsts hltfli, coats hlnek of Kroen
Things now nro lit they've always been
Hltiro tlrst our own most KrucloiM ijuciii
Thn tlirono ascended.
Around theo lies full mnny n token
Tlint shows tho specious word was spoken,
And hearts Irreparably hrolojn
That quickly mended.
Partner, pen tinner, were much thn same
Hotnu bright, soma dull, somit fast, some tame ;
Hniiic who U xpnrloui wit luld claim,
Nor snw their error;
The men whoso chiirin worn scarcely montsl,
The youth tioth shy nnd (ntlincntnl,
The "faiclnutInK dctrlmontiit,"
Great arniidiuu'H terror, ,
And did the rhnpemn then ns now
lIi'NUtlo happiness nvow
Whilst wntclilnit with nn nelilng brow,
The Itlttlnii danci rsT
And did thojr, gripped In Fashion's vlso,
llceelvo a Klrl with UhiIis of li'it
If sho fiat out with komiu imo nluo
Hut, tluy friend, now mttnt f llro
A net of tenuis wait for inn
For, rapt In pleasant reverie,
Tim moment fly by;
The hour tins eumo to suy udleti;
I make my courtesy to von;
Now, dour, pathntlo lilllu shoe,
do tinck to ''bye-bye."
London Vunlty Kulr.
WAPPfiR-JAW JOHN. '
How Ho Domonatrntod H!n Frlomt
lluoss for tho Whites.
I remember "Wapper-Javv John," tho
gray-haired Winnebago, who, whon 1
was a hoy, used occasionally to visit tho
nnlghlsirhood In which 1 lived. Despite
his strikingly do formed nnd ugly face,
people who know him seemed nlwuya to
lm kindly disponed toward hint. Thoy
lsiught his ourloysly-wrought willow
nnd Hpllnt baskets, nnd often gave him
food and a night's lodging.
Ilia faeo wan angular and deeply
crinkled; tho undir Jaw wan Hot with n
rutloim twist ononoHldo, nndittwltohod
uud tfrlutuci'd grot'.Huoly whon ho
talked and ho could talk only brokenly.
Ho wa a harmlimn old fellow, with u
PimhI deal of ahrowtl aenm. Ho wan un
Jtko tho other iiiemherH of hid trll", und
kept apart from them. Tho other Win
tiObaffoeH, ao far h wo knew them, were
vorlnlosi, heffi;lnir vaifabondH, who, to
Jho numlMtr of a hundred or more.vlalted
lohn did really earn un honest llv
lnjr? nd wat netr known to hej,', ul
tlmiigh, llko other wandering Indium,
he carried IiIh "papers," a lot of written
teHtliuonlnU certlfyliifr htm to Ihi "a
Rood Indian." Two or three of theo
precloim dooumenU were of connlderahle
length, and thoy narrated dohu'rt norv
Ire and friendly lexplolu In hehalf of
white people In times of Indian out
breaks, Ho carrlixl tho papera in a
headed buckskin wallet In a MH'kot that
ho had in ado for this purpose tu the
breast of his coarse shirt.
One of those accounts oorored sotoral
foolscap pafres. It was written In a
close, line hand that was perfectly ltK
iblv, though the paper was yellow with
ngo and wear.
I rcmcmlstr the evident pride nnd aat
isfaction whloh .lohn displayed and
tho great care with which he handled
tho paper whon, occasionally, he pre
sented It to some member of our family
to he rend or Inspected. Ho always Rot
it out when he came where then wero
children or young folks, for they liked
to hear tho story repeated.
At this dato I can not, of course, ro
momW tho exaot sentences In which
John's narrator had told of his bravo
and humane exploit, hut the Incidents
aro still fresh in my mind.
It was In .lime, ism, soveral weeks
titer tho outbreak of tho Nnca and
ItoxoB, rcmcmlicrcd as the lllack Hawk
war, that Vappor-.law John rendered
heroic service to n venturous little fam
ily of settlers in ono of thf narrow val
leys nmotiR the bluffs opposite Sauk
Prairie. At this time, according to
Mmlth'a "History of Wisconsin," the
Haca and Foxes "had scattered their
Warrpartles all over tho North, trout
Chicago to Galena, and from tho lb
llnols river Into tho Territory of Wis
consin. They occupied exery grove,
waylaid every road, hung around every
settlement and attacked every party of
white men that attempted to penetrate
, the country."
This condition of affairs lasted nearly
- ft aoath, compelling, settlers on all
hands to gather themselves and their
effects at fortified points and Into
hastily-constructed block-houses. Yet
In this perilous time ono family, a
young man and his wife and eilld, whose
home was upon the extreme northern
frontier, were living In complete ig
norance that there was any Indian out
Early in tho previous April James
f't7.' j Slwntir hut miivwl nn fpmii KnpLti.tm
J .,--... . .,..w... ... ..., .i... ..,..
UHnol with his small family, and had
' settled upon a squatter claim in a pocket
f ft the lllack EarUi valley. He had the
i -m property usually iowesM4 y tho
f'ssoTer" upon tho frvntless In those
day. It consisting of t yoke tit oxln and
3$ j-wftfon, ft cow or two, some chickens and,
ft few simple household utensils.
After their arrival upon tho claim the
young settler and hi wife wero kept so
busy J bullllng small cnllu la
clour I ng, breaking up and planting
small petal of f round that they found no I
tlmo tvoulUTato aeoualntances in a re
glon whero their nearest nelghliors were
nearly twenty mllos distant.
As the coining of this family into tho
region was unknown to thn other set
tlers, its members failed to receive
warning from tho couriers who npread
tho news of lllack Hawk's uprising
among thn hills south of thn Wisconsin
river Fortunately Uit thn Htrootor
family, Its whereabouts was also un-
.known to tho hostile Indians, tho cabin
being a Utile beyond their usual rango
Tho huihand and wlfo worked on un
disturbed until a cabin had been built,
and throe acres of ground thoroughly
broken up and planted to corn, potatoes
and garden seeds. Tim plants had
como up, and had boon hoed once, whon
tho couple found that their small stock
or provisions was neatly exhausted.
Tho nearest market for tho Htroolers
was Dodgevlllo, more than twenty miles
distant from their claim. It was luces
nary that ono of tho couple should stay
nt homn to watch tho cows and tho
growing crops, and Mr. Htrootor sot out
nlono for Dodgevlllo, with oxen nnd
wagon, to get Hour and other needed
He started on his journey Just after
sunrise ono morning. Ills wlfn finished
her morning's work about tho cabin, and
went out with a hoe to work In tho fluid,
tnklng with her tho child, a llttlo girl
four years of age. '
Though living mllos from any nolgh
tsirs, tho hardy women 'of those dy
often stayod nlono while th'fllr husbands
wero gone for days, and sorne times for
weeks, upon hunting or trapping excur
sions, or to distant marketing points.
Mrs. Htrootor worked for Homo hours
"hilling up" young potato vlnna, whllo
Klsle, thn llttlo girl, played with a
small kitten, their ono domestic pot
With asmldon scrrmnt thn child cvno
running to her mother, nnd caught her
by thn dress. Mrs. Htrootor looked
tiimut In alarm, fearing that a rattle
snake had bitten thn child, and discov
ered tho cause of her fright' to bo an
Indian who had como out of tho brush a
few rods distant, uud was approaching
Although Mho was . mil afraid of
Indians, she was annoyed that ono of
them should como while her husbrmd
was away. Kliokuew that often they
wero lawless and thieving when they
discovered women alone.
An tho Indian came Joward her his
face mowed and grinned so curiously
that Hhe foil nn Impulse U laugh until
aim saw that ttsnxprcsslon came from u
,illmlgflHfhl,' ho grunted, as ho came
up. "You go, you squaw, jmek a a)tr
heap klinkl You go longa met Heap
Injun com In'!" and ho pointed up tho
valluy. "Wo go yonder!" pointing this
I Imo toward tho Wisconsin.
Tho woman was frightened nt his
words and manner, notwithstanding
that ho tried to laugh and look n pleas
aat as his queer features would .permit,
and though ho had no weapons In sight.
"Men kill heap! Mo no hurt. You
go. W'o heap jTiick n 7y," and ho reached
down to pick up tho child.
Tho llttlo girl screamed with terror,
nm.1 Mrs. Streoler caught her up and
"No, I will not go with you'saM aim.
"You're a b.id Injun, and you're lying
to me." Hho had quickly concluded that
tho Indlat; merely wished to entlcn her
away while Jils companions pillaged tho
Again tho Winnebago for It was
John -tried to explain to her that he
meant to ho friendly and to aid her to
escape from dau;rur.
"Heap (htiiniiuiM" (Fox Indians) said
he. "Men come, ahisit. kill. Kill
p.tHHisn, kill white sqimw. Squaw go
tue, so," and again ho motioned to
ward tho river, a.'id, by Imitating tho
act of paddling and by sweeping his
hand forward, signified that he would
take her across It In his canoe.
"No, you go nnd leave me!" said the
woman, sternly. "I won't go with you.
do!" she repeated, pointing toward tho
woods, and then she turned with the lit
tle girl In her arms und Marled toward
the cabin. t V
Instantly the Indian sprang forward,
then miatched tho child from her, and,
catching her by tho shouldcps, forced
her down to the ground upon her face,
and quickly tied her arms. Ho had
evidently emtio prepared to carry out his
plan by force II necessary, and the poor
woman felt that hor instlnot had been
true. Not daring to struggle, sho sub
mitted to Is bouud a captive.
Klsle, the little girl, had started to
run Into tho woods, but John caught her
and took her, screaming, Into his arms.
He walked quickly bank with her to
Mrs. Streeter, who had risen, after a
struggle, to her fcot.
"Come!" said he. "You go longa mo
now, heap kllck! Me (ake papoose. We
lifk ii fhf," and he started toward the
rler, lsckoning her to follow. He had
Klsle In his arms, and there was nothing
for tho now thoroughly-frightened und
trembling woman to do but to go with
It was several miles to the rler. The
Winnebago hurrlvd forwent at a half
trot, the child crying plteouuly at uvery
step, while the distressed mother, nearly
out of breath, kept close nt his heels,
trying to cheer her little girl with words
of aftectlou. John was probably too
stolid to cam greatly tor tho papoose's
walling or tor its mother's distress of
mind, hut ho was Intent upon doing
them a friendly service, and no doubt
was carrying it out with as much kind
ness ns he was capable of exercising.
At a llttlo after noonday thoy canto to
t)m river at the mouth of a ereok, aud
hero John put down the child, which he
had carried and led alternately, and
going Into tho edge of a willow thicket
upon tho bank, dragged out a log canoe,
which contained a gun and some
blankets. Tho canoe he slid down Into
the wnlot, und ordered Mrs. Streeter to
get down the bank and step Into it.
With her hands Isamd as they were
sho found It ilinicult to get into and sit
down Intho "tlttllth," narrow .trough,,
but Hhe finally managed, wltlilntt tipping
It utor, to tako hor place In tl bow of
the slight craft.
Tho Indian thou ftarefuUy placed lUsie
upon Jior knoe Id thn center of the
canon. "No touch urn," ho commanded,
tapping tho sides of thn canoe. "Keep
a heap still." Tho llttlo girl, tired and
subdued, dared not so much as stir.
Then John picked up a paddle whloh he
had laid ujion tho hank, got carefully
into inn canon at mo stern, snoveu out
into thn river, and paddled tho frail
craft swiftly down tho stream.
Tho anguish of tho iswr woman was
keen ns sho thought of tho husband who
had ho recently been with her, nnd of
thn uncertain fa to of her llttlo child and
herself. Hho could not believe tho In
dian's story that hn was rescuing them
from danger. Ills violence and his rapid
retreat, and this Journey upon tho river,
leading to tho west and away from the
white settlement, oould to her mind
mean only that ho was carrying them
nway Into that wretohed captivity which
sho know that morn than nnn woman
and child had suffered at tho hands of
ltravo woman though sho was, sho
gave herself up to despair.
All that day tho canon nped rapidly
down stream, keeping as close under tho
bunk as possible, und It was not until
after sundown that John landed and got
hlscnptlves out upon thn bank whero
they could rest their cramjtod limbs.
Ho then undid a roll of blankets und got
out some dried meat, which hn offered
to Mrs. Htreeter, motioning that thn
papooso could feed hor. Tho woman
could not eat, but by coaxing Induced
tho tired and hungry little girl to swal
low a fow scraps of tho raw, tasteless
After a tlmo the Indian untied Mrs.
Htrootor's hands, being careful to keep
between her and his gun. Then ho mo
tioned to tho blnukets.
"Squaw mako urn bed," said ho, "heap
(Had of ho much freedom aud a chancn
to rest and to comfort her child, Mrs.
Htreeter made a rough couch, took FNln
in her arms, aud lay down upon It. Tho
llttlo girl was noon nsleep, hut tho
mother lay narrowly watching the In
dian, waiting for a chancn to escape if
ho should drop asleep or relax his guard
In any way.
Sho got no opportunity, however;
John sat near at hand, leaning against
a tree, HtllT und upright, with his gun
across his legs. After about two hours
of rust ho ordered her to got up again
and got Into tho Isiat, telling her to
Sho carried tho sleeping child down
tho hank, nnd whllo tho Indian steadied
thn ennoo at tho stern, got in at thn bow.
John throw In tho blankets, got in, put
his gun ltotwoon his knees, and took up
thn paddles. All night thoy Heated
swiftly down thn river, tho long, steady
swoop of tho Indian's paddle doubling
tho rate at which tho canoe was borne
by the rapid current
Mrs. Htrootor endured her anxiety and
fatigue as bravely as sho could, not dar
ing, on account of her child, to make
nuy demonstrations; but sho was all tho
tlmo nn the watch for a chance to cscapo
from her captor.
At llttlo after sunrise tho Winnn
hsgo landed upon a bar at tho north
bank, aud entered her to get out of tho
canoe. Alter carrying F.lsle nsleep in
her arms all night sho found her own
limbs Urbo so cramped and stiff that at
llrst It was Impossible to use them.
Seeing her condition the Indian swung
tho stern round, dragged the canoe out
upon tho bar, aud helped her out.
Ho now for the tlrst tlmo aroused In
her a llttlo hope by saying: "Heap
whlto mans, heap soje," pointing to the
northwest., "Walk, Hint so," showing
her whero tho sun would lm when their
journey should end. Ho again offered
his captives tho dried meat, and the
pangs of hunger compelled both woman
and child to mako a hearty meal.
After thoy had rested awhile und got
the cramp out of their legs and arms,
the Indian pointed out the direction In
which thoy wero to go, and ordered Mrs.
Nt rooter to walk ahead and lead the
little girl. Ho let them walk slowly,
keeping a rod or two behind them with
his gun and blankets. After throe
hours of tramping they eamn out of the
woods upon hill overlooking a broad
valley the Mississippi vnlloyand
then the Indian emtio eagerly forward.
"See,'' ho said, his face grinning und
working witft evident pleasure ns ho
pointed to a iMstant cluster of buildings
upon the bank of a wide river which lay
In front of theui. "See, I'tiit.ul,) nhang!"
It was tho frontier fort aud trading
post of Prairie du (,'hlen. Mrs. Streeter
had hoard of this plseo, hut had known
only vaguely where it was situated.
Sho now perceived that hor captor had
Intended all his acta In friendliness. An
hour later she and hor child wero safely
housed at the fort, und her delight and
thankfulness at the outcome to her ad
enturo may bo Imagined.
Mrs. Strvotor's alarm for hor hus
band's safety was great until John,
whoso services wcro'agatnat'curcd. made
a trip to IKNlgelllo aud brought him
across tho country to her. Mr. Streeter
had discovered their danger, from moot
ing a IkHly of soldiers on the second
morning after his departure from homo.
They had accompanied him hastily back
to his cabin, only to tlud It burned down
and tho premises descrt.nl He had
mourned his wlfo and child as dead un
til word was brought by the Winnebago
of thetr rescue and safety. Frank
Welles Calkins, in Youth's Conpanloft.
Test ! CltUMUhH
A discussion aroso on board an Atlan
tlo liner a short tlmo ago as to tho cltl
senshlp of a gentleman at the other end
of tho saloon.
"HeS an F.nglUhmsn," said ono;
know by his head."
"He's a Scotchman," said another;
kftow by hlft oowiplejtUft."
"He's. a flernmn," atli another;
knew by hut beard." Y
The young ladle thought he looked a
little Spanish. Here the. ejoncratlon
rested, but sma one ot, mm spoke:
"1 havoiih." sho ftM. "He's aa
American heVvftt Ills lcgr.on the
To; overcome an unpleasant smell In
foather'plllows, dry them thoroughly ft
a good fire.
The teetam aiay not n
been properly dried la thelrst tfac t
iuy have 1' "no dawn.
FASHIONS IN PARIS.
The MnrteraUljr rial Nhlrt to Have
Muetrailcil the All Mat.
Thn rivalry between all flat and mod
erately flat skirts still continues, with
no present signs of triumph for tho par
ty of flat skirts. Two or three short
steels nro put In thn foundation skirts of
nil dresses, and In addition a small
'cushion to deflno thn waist This cush
ion Is very small indeed, but Is consid
ered Indispensable with most dresses.
I he grand dress-makers are putting a
Btenl Into tho lower edgo of tho sklrta
across tho bark only to give tho loll
shaped effect which Is characteristic of
Valols stylos. This Is tho exception as
yot, but, to judge by present Indications,
Is likely to become more general.
Wrappings aro classified according to
tho time of day at which they are Worn,
jackets, capes and long cloaks of tartan
plaid with cajHjs lining reserved for
morning walks and orrands, whllo for
afternoon calls short mantelets of various
forms are worn. These elaborate small
wraps arn never of plain woolen'or silk)
always of figured material, except In thn
rase of velvet, plain velvet being used
for all kinds of wraps. If a long wrap
is preferred for tho afternoon It Is a
tight-fitting redlngote, or a Russian
cloak of plain velvet, or plush, or of
matolasse silk. A beautiful long cloak
is of black vol et with rich black lace.
Within tho velvet fronts are fronts of
plaited lace somewhat longer, nnd a
cape of plaited laeo covers the elet
fronts to the elbow. Another velvet
cloak has a short, tlght-llttlng back and
medium long fronts, with fronts of
plaited laco extending below. Deep
plaited laco borders tho entire lower
edgo, and tho wide long sleeves are of
plaited lace. The extravagantly long
hanging sleeves which wero introduced
last year aro still made to some extent,
but have looii vulgarized by over-use.
On cloth cloaks they aro heavy and un
graceful. Military jackets still enjoy
a large measure of popular favor, and
aro out In various regimental styles, of
soldier blue with frogs and braiding In
black. Carriage cloaks may be of light
color, and enriched ns plentifully ns ono
pleases with gold braiding nnd embroid
ery, beads and other elfeotltoornaments.
Theater wraps aro almost all of light
colors, and most elaborately beautified
with embroideries and galloons.
Fur and feathers are both abundantly
used for trimming wraps und costumes,
and with oxcolleut reason, for no more
becoming frame to tho fauo can bo Im
agined. That this aud not IN warmth
is tho main reason of Its opularlty Is
evidenced by tho fnut that not only out
door garments but dinner aud ball
dnmes as well nro trimmed with fur.
Only the choicest furs sable, blue fox
(which is really Brown), aud added to
these chinchilla am used on ovenlng
dresses, edging thn top of a decollete
ImmIIco, or bordering thn foot of a light
mm ii nmri. iiiiini-HMiiii liuill cuiiimcn
are trlmuiutl with Canada sahlft, natural
hcavnr, with black Kumschatka otter or
tho brown Canada otter, with silver-fox,
and with chinchilla, whloh last Is partlc
iilarlyeharmlugoiidark velvet. Furriers
have gone a step bevond straight hands,
and are making adjustable trimmings of
various shapes, which can bo worn on all
wraps, whether of wool, silk or velvet.
A shawl collar Is thus made, crossing nt
the waist, with eulTs U match, or a
pointed collar nnd rovers with cuffs. A
plastron or vest of handsome fur Is worn
Inside a velvet redlngoto with rovers.
Sometimes, tow, thn vest Is of tho clonk
material, with an Invisible lining of
some unpretending fur, for warmth
merely. Harper's ll.izar.
PRETTY FANCY WORK.
flow to Make m DablU Tldjr and a t'ssn
for MiU anil Knit.
A very handsome tidy can bo mado as
follows: (Jot l yards of two-Inch wide
ruby-colored saloon ribbon aud 'J' yard,
of olive-green or any pretty contrasting
color; old-gold aud blue, or orange and
peacock blue, would 1st good for con
trasts. Cut tho ribbon Into twelve-Inch
lengths. Thero will bo live of the one
shade uud four of tho other. Sew each
jileco together to form a circle; turn In
quarter of an Inch and gather twice,
drawing the centers almost together, not
leaving an opening larger than an
ordinary pencil. Sew a pretty silk cord
over these two gatherings. Join the
rosettes on tho back, alternating the
colors, and to 1111 tho spaces b.itween
them weave tho cord from tho opposite
tKiints and fasten the threads In tho
middle. Quito wide oriental lace Is
slightly frilled on the edge and set well
back under tho curved edges of the ros
ettes. If properly made this is very
showy, and requires but little time to
put fho whole together.
Wo have something ben which will
1k found extremely useful to those
working with crewels. The caso is
mado of gray linen. For the foundation
yon will require a pleco measuring
eleven by twenty-two Inches, and for
the pockets a piece eleven by seventeen
Inches. This Is curvtd on the ends and
Kmnd with brown braid stitched with
yellow silk. A piece six and a half
inchtstby nv ou is hemmed across the
ends and stitched on one end of It to
form the pockets for tho crewels. It Is
dlvidod Into seven compartments with a
row of stitching between them. For the
strap cut a strip eight Inches long and
one and ft half wide around the corners,
and bind It all around with the braid.
Cul an opening In tho end of tho founda
tion piece for it to slip through, bind It,
and cut the corners slanting on this end.
Haste tho pleco for the pockets on and
bind it around. Fold the strap and
tluh It ojv. A piece of w Ire bent In tho
shape of a'hslrpin Is used to draw the
crewels in place. Tills cso U.to bo
ornaruratod with daisies, which should
bo embroidered on twforu the cao Is
made up. They are done la crewels;
the daisies an vockfd in bright yellow
and the grasa In eU of grven or
olive. Ftloetll or cottons may Ni used,
'Any pretty pattern may be ued lodeo
oteU) the cat, or simply, trace In out
line tfcet ,, 'wek-Vr, Ohio
nnf. iHM 1
i . -citoaaura for Mftmftfts rcy uin
I aUtrs can be cleaelM-olllag them
( tor two hesir I IretU lth "he
, w u soda. Let tats tool in the water.
CLOTHES FOR HORSES.
A llumsnn Hnelety Agent "ays They AfS)
IWut 41arntnU fur Man,
"It might sound very odd to most peo
ple when a suggestion Is mado that
horses aud stock generally should wear
clothes," said M. P. Koy, tho agint of
tho Htimano Society, "hut that Is ono of
thn Intuit atlons that is sure to bo
! reached In time. In Norway they now
have their cattio gram wmiu covuruu
with blankets, yot wo In tho United
States Ignore such methods of producing
good results In tho treatment of stock.
A cow that has been giving a liberal
lupply of milk during tho summer will
continue giving tho samo quantity if,
when tho chill nir or .lanuary comes
along, she Is kept warm, but if that Is
not done, the supply will fall off. Thero
Is a livery stable keeper In this town
who declared to mo somo tlmo ago that
ho believed that horses should wear
night-shirts, and that they would be
just as beneficial to them as they aro to
"What arc tho styles of clothing that
you would consider desirable?"
"Thoy should bo made warm enough
to keep them comfortable from the tlmo
cold weather sets in until it has passed,
and should bo mado to fit tho animals
for which they are Intended. Thenar
few people who really understand the
full meaning of the Ideas embraced in
tho work of tho Society for tho Proven
tlon of Cruelty to Animals, but tho pub
lic Is gradually coming to Its realiza
tion. "When I took charge of tho work
hero six years ago," hn continued, "them
was a general idea that It was IB'
spired merely by a refined nnd sensitive)
sentiment, but their optioaition was
changed when they saw tho business
end of the question and then they fell
into Hue. Thoy nro finally realizing
that poor horses mean poor men, poor
wives nnd poor children; aud, in fact, I
consider that a nation's strength can tie
judged by tho condition of its economic
motlvo power. It Is a question vt pros
perity or adversity."
"Is tho Humane Society considering
further steps in carrying out its princi
ples?" asked tho reporter.
"Just as soon as wo nro able wo mean
to establish a hospital near this city for
horses, to bo provided with hot and cold
baths, nnd nil tho facilities for treating
sick horses. I hero many horses worn
out because of bad treatment can Imj
sent, and many poor men will lie lieno
filed by having their animals brought
back Into good condition, whereas they
might otherwise lose thom." Washing
HOME HINTS AND HELPS.
Ilrowls. Ilroak up ono pint of dry
brown bread Into small pieces, and mix
with ltono-fourth cup of butter. Put
It In a double boiler and cover with
milk. Cook without stirring until thn
bread has ahsorlivd all tho milk. Kat
with milk. Now England Farmer.
Ilaked Squash. Ilroak tho squash
In halves and bake thoroughly, then
scrape out tho inside, rub It smooth or
strain through a vegetable strainer and
season with butter, ioppur, salt and
milk or cream. This can bo prepartsl
the day previous and carofully warmed
when needed for usn.
The temperature of sleeping roorni
during tho night ought not to lie as
high us that of sitting rooms during tho
day; sovonty-tlvo degrees for tho sitting-room
aud flfty-llvo degrees for thn
slccplng-room is about right Thn
thermometer should hang In thn
middle of the room at alKiut the height
of the mantel.
A fact of importance to house
keepers is given by Prof. Richardson, of
tho Agricultural Department. Untied'
on examination that the average amount
of water contained In the flour products
of eight Kastern States Is liMii per cent,
while Minnesota and Dakota flours con
talned only (MM per cent Hlsconclu
Men Is that "other things VI ng equal,
a barrel of Western flour would mako
mom bread than a barrel ot Kastern
- -For an agreeable chango cook a hoof
steak In Spanish stylo. Lay a slice two
Inches thick ot the upper round, with a
rim of suet attached, on a pie dish. Add
a llttlo water and bake for half an hour
In a moderate oven, basting two or three
times. Tako it out and cover with a
layer of sliced onions; bake for fifteen
minutes; cover ngain with a layer of
sliced tomatoes and bake fifteen minutes
more, sprinkle over with two teaspoon
fills of grated cheese and set In tho oven
long enough for the cheeso to melt. It
will have a lino flavor and a thick, rich
gravy, tasting agreeably of onions and
TEN HEALTH HINTS.
What to Do ana What' Mot to Do If toe
Don't contradict your wife.
Don't toll a man ho Is a strangor to
tho truth because he happens to be
smaller than yourself. Krrors of this
kind have boon known to bo disastrous.
Never go to tied with cold or damp
feet. l.cvo them besldo tho kitchen
lire, whero they w 111 bo handy to" put ba
In tho morning.
It Is bad to lean your back against any
thing cold, particularly whea it is an
icy pavement upon which your vertebral
arrangement has carrotned with a Jolt
that shakes the buttons off your coat
Always eat your breakfast befon be
ginning a journey. If you haven't any
breakfast don't journey,
After violent exercise like putting
up the stove or nailing down carpets
never rldo around town In an open car
riage. It I better to walk. It l alto
When hosrso, speak as little as possi
ble, if you aro not hoarse It won't do
you aa? herai to keep your mouth shut.
Pon't light the tire 1th kerosene. Let
the hired girl do It She hasn't any wife
amfchltdrvn. You have.
Don't roam around the house In your
bar (cc,l at the dead ot night trying to
pick up stray tacJt. Men have been
known to dislocate their jaw through
this bad practtee.
When you a man put the lurai4
red of a cigar in his mouth doa t ak
him If it U hot enough, furious Injury
he often ieulted trou this bsbiw
PERSONAL AND LITERARY.
- John Tennlel Is seventy year, old,
and has been making pictures for Punch
for forty years. Ho lives with his sister
and is a tall, military-looking man.
Tho loto Miss Amy Levy probably
worked herself to death. Sho ticgan
publishing at sixteen years of age, and
at twenty-seven had bcootno a volumi
A French and Turkish dictionary,
by a French Jesuit Father (Joseph
Kcatl), has been published at Constanti
nople. It cost tho author ten yearV
Tho lato John Crerar, of Chicago,
who left J,500,000 to found a public li
brary there, stipulated that French
novels and works of an immoral charac
ter should bo excluded.
Tho Ave girls ot Huston to whom
Mrs. Loulso Chandler Moulton dedicated
her volume of short stories aro Mis.
Augusta C. Wlnthrop, Miss Uulncy,
Miss Hoso Holllngsworth and Miss.
Florcnco Marryat tho novelist, l
toutlsh, thoughtful looking and Im
petuous mannered. Sho has written in
all some forty-seven novels, aud she bu
lleves in ghosts. She onco owned a
newspaper and sho still owns a lap-dog,
which sho carries about with her.
Marietta Holley, who wrote tho fa
mous "Joslah Allen's Wife" papers, ha,
passed nearly all her llfo In tho village
of Adams, In Central Now York. Until
within the last few years she has mixed
very llttlo with tho world, living In ab
solute retirement with her Invalid
General Low Wallace, ono of the
licst representatives of American versa
tility, ha stepped aside from tho patln
of literature, for a moment. In order
to perfect a llttlo invention of which he
is very hopeful. It is a steel railroad
cross-tie, which fho illustrious Inventor
believe will revolutionize railroad con
struction. "Tho late Mr. fleor;,'e Hancroft. a
keen observer, once told me," says
Colonel Hlgglnson, In Harpos ttar.ar,
"that sho never knew an Kngi'wiinan,
however eminent in art or science, who.
if ho hal dined with aDuke, could help
mentioning the fact to all his acquaint
Walt Whitman Is described as tho
most picturesque llguro in American lit
erature. Ills gray suit of homespun,
always exquisitely clean with all its
homollness, his turn-dov'.'n collar, ex
posing his throat, and his lare sombrero
hat mako his tall figure, mass ve shoul
ders, and face surrounded with i' whlto
halo of hair and beard, more Ntriking
than ovor. He no longer walks, but he
can not drive out without arresting tho
attention of all.
Tho largest collection of books in
tho world 1 doubtless tho National li
brary in Paris. According to a recent
report of tho general management it
now numliers no fewer than .078,')
volumes. Tho Ihitlsh Museum contains
about ono million volumes; the Munich
library, 800,000; tho Berlin, 700,000; the-
Dresden. SOO.OOO, and tho Vienna. ".00,
000. The famous Vatican library con
tains only about .10,000 printed volume;
but It has about J.000 manuscripts, and
In this regard leads all the rest surpass
ing evon tho llrlttsh Museum.
That orange monopoly talked of
had better lm left alone. The first fail
ure on record was caused by a reckless
trust In fruit. ilaltimorn American.
Visitor "The portrait is very fine.'
ut you seem to have devoted moretlino
to tho hand than the face." Artist
"That's so. You seo tho hands pay
ever the money." Texas Slftlngs.
Footpad "Hold up your hands!"
Pedestrian (calmly) "I have tieen out
shopping all day with my wife." Foot
pad (sympathetically) "Ity Jonks!
ere, take this quarter." N. Y. Wcck-
Attorney "And now, Mr. McCarty.
we will hear your opinion, ns an expert,
of the building." Contractor McCarty
"It was bad, very bad. nor. It couldn't
have leen a worse job, your Annor, if It
had been paid for In advance." "J'erro
"Our son William." said a fond
mother, "is an awfully lucky lsiy. Hn
bought a lottery tleke a few weeks ago,
for tho first time, and It drew- a prlzo!"
"How much did he pay for the ticket?"
"Five dollars." "What 1 tho amount
of his prize?" "Two dollar." N. Y.
First Little Hoy "My pop's a Meth
odist: what's yours?" Second Llttlo
Hoy "Mine I a theosophlst" "Thfo
sophist? What's that?" "I don't
know." "Why don't you ask your pop?"
"I did, but from thn way ho looked I
guess ho doesn't know, either. N. Y.
Woman "Here, take this cost."
Tramp "I know It's going to l a hard
winter, but style or nothing Is my mot
to. Fashion decree that slngle-hreasti-d
ulsters shall ho worn, and you will no
tice, madam, that this coat has two
row of button. I can not take It"
Lady (after giving him a supper)
"Will you saw some wood for mo now""
Tramo "I am very sorry, but I havo :
another enaeniet" Lady "And I
what, pny, may that be?" Tramp j
(with treat dignity) "Madam, I a
surprised that you should so far forget
yeurself as to inquire Into a gentle-,
an's private affaire, Orip.
"O Lawdr cried old Elder Peter.
at a recent negro camp-meeting. "Hsb
mercy on dat po' sUtah sottln' undsh
dal big ellum tre de one wid d frwn
dnxs an' red shawl an' blue bonnet an
wicked eye an' eat noo Her w!4 de
big brass buuum pin on an all fo' front
tth out an' other Im humly rt he
kin rll lie good Lewd hsb marcy on
First Traveler "I do hate the
Sleeping-car. It's uch awful trouble
drelng and undressing In tboso
berths." Second Traveler "On tho
contrary, I always feel In good trim sn
practice for my work after I hat put
on my clothes In a sleepingar rrth."
llrst Traveler -HuBa' I'd llko to know
what kind of work your is." Scoeai
Traveler 'i'aa a eoftUmfcuutt la a cir
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