The Red Cloud chief. (Red Cloud, Webster Co., Neb.) 1873-1923, May 30, 1890, Image 16

Below is the OCR text representation for this newspapers page. It is also available as plain text as well as XML.

U " ' JwM
M,VJ- iikmm,.
Bi""MJ'W' ''''' ' ii"Tr"riTrTTTr'T i I '
,1 H
Sanson to tha Military By Rav.
T. DeWltt TaUnage.
WkM thi Hwartf Hm Arhleveil la the
WerM'a HUtbry-Ths Mission m mm
.atleareatWeaoa-Arlltratloa '
Hart to Com.
Dr. Talmsgo recently preached the
annual sermon to the Thirteenth rojfl-
ment at llrooklyn. Ilia subject wan:
"The Sword -IU Mission and Its Doom."
Tho text, Isaiah xxxlv., A, "My sword
shall be bathed tn Heaven."
Three hundred and fifty-one times
does the Itlblo speak of that sharp,
keen, curred, Inexorable weapon, which
flashes upon us from the text tho
aword. Sometimes tho message Is ap
plaudatory, and sometimes damnatory,
sometimes as drawn, sometlinos as
sheathed. In tho Hlble, tind In much
secular literature, the sword represents
all javelins, all muskota, all carbines,
all fans, all pallco alan. all.UHU axes,
all weaponry for physical defense of at
tack. It would bo an Interesting thing
to give tho history of the plow and fol
low Its furrows all town through the
ages, from the first crop In Chaldea to
the last crop In Minnesota. It would
bo interesting to follow tho pen at it
lias tracked its way on down through
tho literatum of nations, from IU first
word in tho first book to tho last wonl
some author wrote last night as ho
closed his manuscript. It would lie an
Interesting thlnir In I'nnnl tlm nilinn
of tho hammer from the first nail driven
down through all thp mechanism of
centuries to tho last stroke in tho car
penter's shop yesterday. Hut in this,
my annual sermon as ohapla h of the
Thirteenth regiment, I propose taking
a weapon that has dono a work that
neither plow nor pun nor hammer ever
accomplished. My thumo Is the sword
Its mission and its doom.
Tho sword of the text wan lathed In
lleavon; that Is, It was a sword of right
eousness, as another sword muy be
bathed In hell, and tho sword of oruolty
and wrong. There Is a great difference
between the sword of Wlnklcrold and
the sword of Lconlda and tho sword of
Benedict Arnold. In our effort to hasten
the end of war we have hung the sword
with abuses and oxecratlons when It
has had a divine mission, when in ninny
crises of the world's history It hns swung
for liberty and justice, civltlratlon and
righteousness and Hod.
At the very opening of the Hlble and
on the oast side of tho Harden of Kdon
God placed a flaming sword to defend
the tree of llfo. Of the officer of tho
law Ht Paul declares: "Ho bcuroth not
the aword( In vain." Through Moses
God commanded: "Put every man his
aword byhla sldo." David in his prayer
aaya: "Gird thy aword upon thy thigh,
) most mighty." One of tho old hattlo
shouUof the Old Testament was: "Tho
aword of the Lord and of Gideon."
Christ la a great exigency said that
auoh a wcanoa.waa more Important than
a coat, for tie deolarod: "Ho that hath
no aword, lot him sell his garment and
buy onej" Again Ho declared: "I
ome not to send poaco but a sword."
Of Christ's second coming It la said:
"Out of his mouth went a sharp, two
edged sword." Thus, sometimes figura
tively, but oftener literally, the divine
mission of the aword Is announced.
What more consecratod thing In the
world than Joshua's sword, or Caleb's
aword, or Gideon's sword, or David's
aword, or Washington's sword, or
Marlon's aword, or Lafayette's sword, or
Wellington's aword, or Kosutusko's
word, or Garibaldi's sword, or hundreds
of thousands of American swords that
have again and again been bathed in
Heaven. Sworda of that kind have been
tho best friends of the human nice.
Thoy have slain tyrannies, pried open
lungeons and cleared the way for na
tions In their march upward. It was
hotter for thorn to tako tho sword and be
free, than lln under tho oppressor's heel
ind auffor. There la something worse
than death, and that is llfo If It must
cringe and crouch before the wrong.
Turn over the leaves of tho world's his
tory and And that there has never ltoen
a tyranny stopped or a nation Unrated
sxcept by tho sword. I am not talking
to you about tho way things ought to In,
but about the way they have teon.
What force drove book the Saracens at
Tours, and kept Europe from doing over
whelmed by Mohammedanism, and.
tubeequently all America given over 10
Mohammedanism? The sword of
Charles Martel and bis men. Who can
leal enough tn Infinities to tell what
was accomplished for the world's good
by the sword of Joan of Am?
In Decemlier last I looked off and saw
In the distance the battleflold of Mara
thon,and I asked myself what was It that,
an that most tremendous day In history,
toppod tho Persian hosts, representing
not only Persia but Kgypt and Tripoli
nd Afghanistan and ItoloochlsUn and
Armenia; a host that bad Asia under
foot, and proposed to put Kurope under
toot, and it successful In that batth
would have submerged by Asiatic bar
barism Kuropoaa civilisation and as a
consequence, in after tme. Amerlcau
.civilisation? The swords of Miltiades
and Tbemlstoules -and Artstides. At
the waving of these swords tho eleven
thousaad lancers of Athens on the
rua dashed agaiast the one hundred
thousand Insolent toaia'at and trampled
them down or pushed then back Into
the sea. , Tha sword of that day saved
the beat part of the hemispheres, a
trinity of koea steel flashing In the two
iig nta nn ugnt 01 mo setting sun of
barbarism, the light of the rising sun of
civilisation. Hall to these three gnat
words bathed In Heavent
What put an end to Infamous lmU
"XIVs plan of universal conquest by
which England would have been made
tto kneel on tho steps of the Tullerles
and tho Anglo-Saxon race would have
ibeeo halted and all Europe paralysed','
Tha aword of Marlborough atlllenboliu,
Tiaie came when tho Roman war eagles,
srkoae beaks had been plunged into the
.heart of nations, must be orougt down
lfniM tfcetf cyrlee. All other attempts
Uaddjsfraccfully (ailed, but the Her
mans, the mightiest for brawn and
tbrais, undertook tho work, and, uudvr
God, succoodod. What drovo back tho
Roman cavalry till tho horses, wounded,
flung their riders and tho last rider per
ished, and tho llercynlan forest became
tho scone of Rome's humiliation? Tho
sword, tho bravo sword, tho triumphant
sword of Armlnius. Whlto passing
through France last January my nerves
tingled with excitement and I rose in
thn oar, the better to see tho battlofleld
of Chalons, the mounds and breastworks
still visible, though nearly AOO years
ago thoy wore shoveled up. Hero At
til a, the heathen monster, called by
nimseir tno "scourge of God, for tho
punishment of Christians," his life a
massacro of nations, came to Ignomini
ous defeat, and he put into one great
pilo thn wooden saddles of his cavalry,
and tho spoils of thn cities and king
doms ho had sacked, and placed on top
of this holocaust tho women who bad
accompanied him in his devastating
march, ordering that tho torch bo put to
tho pilo. What power broko that sword,
and stayed that rod scourge of cruelty
that was rolling ovor Europe? Tho
sword of Theodorlo and Aotius.
To come down to later ages, all In
telligent Englishmen unite with all In
telligent Americans In saying that It
wus the best' thing thot thn American
colonies swung off from tho Government
of Great lirltaln. It would bo the worst
absurdity of 4,000 years If thlscontlnent
should huvo continued In loyalty to a
throne on the other sldo of tho sea. No
ono would propose a Governor-General
for thn United Htates as there Is a Gov
ernor-General for Canada. We have had
splendid queens In our American capital
but WO could lianllv m lirnutrht tn an,,.
port a queen on tho other side of the
nwuniiii. lovniy ana good as victoria Is.
The only use we havo for Earls and
Irfinls and Dukes In this country Is to
treat them woll whon thoy pass through
to their bunting grounds In the far
West, or when their fortunes havo
failed, reinforce them by matrimonial
alliance. Imagine this Nat.on yet a
part of English ttossesslonsl The
trouble tho mother country has to-day
with Ireland would be a paradisaic con
dition compared with the trouble she
would havo with us. England and tho
united States makcsoxcollont neighbors
but the two famlles aro too large to
live In thn samo house. What a God
send that we should have parted, 'nnd
parted long ago! Hut I can think of no
other way in which wo could have pos
sible achieved American Independence.
George the Third, the half crazy King,
would not lot us go. Lord North, his
Prime Minister, would not have let usgo.
Genoral Lord Cornwallla would not have
lot us go, although after Vorktown he
was glad enough to have ns let him go.
Lexington, und Hunker Hill, and Mon
mouth, and Trenton, and Valley Forge,
wow proofs positive that they wero not
willing to let us go. Any committee of
Americans going across the ocean to see
what could have been done would have
found no lietter accommodations than
London tower. The only way It could
have loen done was by the sword, your
groat grandfather's sword. Jefferson's
pen oould wrto tho Declaration of In
dependence, but only Washington's
sword could havo achieved It, and the
other sword bathed In lleavon.
So now the sword has Its uses, al
though It Is a sheathed swonl. There
Is not an armory in llrooklyn, or New
York or Philadelphia, or Chicago, or
Charleston, or New Orleans, or any
American city that could be spared. Wo
havo tn all our American cities a ruffian
population who, though thoy are small
In numbor, compared with tho good pop
ulation, would ugaln and again mako
rough nnd stormy times If. buck of our
mayors and Common Councils and police,
there wero not In the nrmorlim and
arsenals some keen steel which If
brought Into plav would make quick
work with tho mobocraey. There aro
In every great community unprincipled
men who like a row on a lurgii scale and
they heat themselves with sour mash
and old rye and other decoctions, en
riched with blue vitriol, potash, turpen
tine, sugar of lead, sulphuric neld, log
wood, strychnine, night shade and other
precious Ingredients, and take down a
whole glass with a resounding "Ah!" of
satisfaction. When they get that stuff
In them and the blue v trlol collides
with tho potash and thn turpentine with
the sulphuric acid the victims are ready
for any thing but order and decency and
good government. Again and again in
our American cities has the necessity of
Home Guard been demonstrated.
You remember how, when the soldiers
were all away to the war In IHM-ili, what
conflagrations were kindled In tho
streets of New York, and what negroes
were hung. Some of you remember the
great tiots In Philadelphia at tires, some
times kindled just for tho opportunity
of uproar and despoliation. In lso
hiss at a theater would have resulted
In New York City being demolished had
It not been for tho eltlien soldiery. He
cause of an Inmitt which tho American
actor, Edwin Forrest, had received In
England from the friends of Mr. Ma
eready, tho English, actor, when the
latter appeand In New York, In "Mac
beth." the distinguished Englishman
was hissed and mobbed, thn walls of the
city having been placarded with the an
nouncement: "Shall Americans or En
gllsh rule In this olty?" Streets were
tilled with a crowd Insane with passion.
The riot act was read, but it only evoked
louder yells and heavier volleys of
stones, and the whole city was threat
ened with violence and assassination.
Hut the Seventh regiment, under Gen
eral Duryua, marched through llroad
sy, li receded bv mountmt tr,vi,n .! .
the command: "Fire, Guards! Fire!" tho
mob scattered, and New York was
saved. What Mould havo become of
Chicago two or three years ago, when
tho police lay dead tn the streets, had
not the sharp command of miliary offi
cers been given?
Arbitrament will tako the place of
war between Nation and Nation and
national armlet will disband as a conse
quence, and the time will come-God
, hasten it-when there will be no need
, of an American army or navv. or a Rus-
....... nil.,,, r navy, nut some time after
that cities will hate to keep their ar
mories and arsenals and well dr lied
mllltla. because until the millennial
day there willlm populations with whom
arbitrament will bo as Impossible as
treaty with a cavern of hyenasor JungU
of snakes. Tho sooner the sword can
go back to the scabbard to stay there
the bettor, but until the hilt clang
against the ease in that final lodgment,
let tho sword be kept free from rust,
sharp all along tho edge, and It point
like a needle, and the handle polished,
not only by thn chamois of the regi
mental servant, but by thn hand ol
bravo and patriotic officers, always ready
to do tholr full duty. Such swords an
not bathed In Impetuosity, or bathed in
oruolty, or bathed In oppression, ol
bathed In outrage, but bathed In Heaven.
Ilnforo I speak of the doom of the
sword, let me also say that It has alsc
dovoloped the grandest natures that the
world over saw. It has developed cotir
ago that sublime energy of the soul
which defies the universe when It feelt
Itself to be In the right. It has devel
oped a .'tnlf-sacrlflco which repudiate;
tho idea that our llfo is worth more than
any thing else, when for a principle ll
throws that life away, ns much as to say,
it is not necessary that I live, but ll Is
necessary that righteousness triumph.
There are tons of thousands among thn
Northern and Southern veterans of our
civil war who are t.l per cent, larger and
mightier In soul than they would havo
been had thoy not during the four years
of National agony turned their back on
home and fortune and at the front sacri
fice all for a principle. It was the
sword which on the Northern side de
veloped u Grant, a McClellan, a Hooker,
u Hancock, a Sherman, a Sheridan, and
Admirals Farragut and Porter, and on
the Southern side a Lee. n Jackson, a
Hill, n Gordon, and tho Johnstons. Al
bert Sydney and Joseph E., and Admiral
Semmes and many Federals and Confed
erates whoso graves in National ceme
teries are marked "Unknown," yet who
wero Just as self-sacrificing und bravo as
any of their Major-Generals, and whose
resting places nil up and down tho An
droscoggin, the Hudson, the Potomac,
tho Mississippi and the Alabama, havo
recently been snowed under with whlto
flowers, typical of resumption, and
strewn with rod tlowers, commomoratlvo
cf the carnage through which they
passed, and tho blue flowers Illustrative
of tho iklcs through which they
Hut the sword In doomed. There is
one word that needs to bo written in
every throne room, in every war office,
In overy navy yanl, In every National
council. That word Is Disarmament.
Hut no Government can afford to throw
its swonl away until all the great Gov
ernments have agreed to do the same.
Hut until Disarmament and consequent
arbitration shall be agreed to by all
the great Governments, any single Gov
ernment that dismantles Its fortresses
and spikes Its guns and breaks lus
sword would simply Invite Us own
destruction. Suppose before such gon
oral agreement England, should throw
away her swonl; think you Franco
has forgotten Waterloo? Suppoto be
fore such general agreement Germany
should throw away her swonl how long
would Alsace and Lorraine stay as they
are? Suppose the Czar of Russia before
any such general agreement should
throw away his sword all the eagles and
vultures and lions of European power
would gather for a piece of the Russian
bear. Nupposo the United States with
out any general agreement of disarma
ment should throw away her swonl It
would not bo long before the narrows of
our harbor would be ablaze with the
bunting of foreign navies coming hem
to show the folly of the "Monroe Doc
trine." Side by side the two movements must
go. Complete armament until all agree
to disarmament. At the same com
mand of "Halt!" all nations halting.
At the same command of "Ground
arum!" all muskets thumping. At the
same command of "llreak ranks!" all
armies disbanding. That may be nearer
than you think.
So wo are glad at the Isalahlc prophe
cy that the time Is coming when natlrtn
shall not lift up swonl against nation.
Indeed, both swonls shall go back Into
the scabbard -the swonl bathed In
Heaven and the sword bathed In hell.
In a war In Spain a soldier went on a
skirmishing expedition, and, secluded
In a bush, he bad thn opportunity of
shooting a soldier of tho other army,
who had strolled away from bis tent.
He took aim and dropped him. Run
ning up to the fallen man, he took bis
knapsauk for spoil und a letter dropped
out of It, nnd it turned out to 1h a let
ter signed by his own father; tn other
wonls, he had shot bis brother. If the
brotherhood of man be a true doctrine,
then he who shoots another man always
shoots his own brother.
To-night against the sky of the
glorious future I see a great blaze. It
Is a foundry In full blast. The work
men havo stln-od the tints tint 1 the fur
naces an seven times heated. The last
wagon load of the world's swonls has
been hauled Into tho foundry, and they
are tumbled Into the furnace, and they
begin to glow and redden and melt, anil
in hissing and sparkling liquid they roll
on down through the crevice of rock un
til they fall Into a mold shaped like the
Iron foot of a plow. Then the liquid
coots off Into a hard metal, and, brought
out on an anvil, It Is beaten and pounded
and fashioned, stroke after stroke, until
that which was a weapon to reap har
vests of men, becomes an Implement
turning the soil for harvests of corn, the
sword having become the plowshare.
Officers and comrades of the Thir
teenth regiment of State mllltla: After
another year of pleasant acquaintance I
hall you with a salutation all made up
of good wishes and prayers. Honored
with residence In the host city of the
best land under the sun, let us dedicate
ourselves anew to G.xt and country and
home! In the English conflict, called
"The War of tho Roses." a white rose
was the badge of the House of York, and
the red rose the badge of the llouso of
taneaster, and with these two colors
they opposed each other In battle. To
enlist you In the holy war for alt that la
good against all that Is wrong, I pin
out your heart two badges, the om
suggestive of the blood shed for our re
demption and tho other ay m hollo of a
soul made whlto and clear., the Row of
Sharon and the Lily of tho Valley, IV
these henceforth our regimental sym-bol--Rie
and Lily, Lily and Uw!
Extract frees a raeer rreperasl ay Me,
arc! (Jlbsen for the Uomlnlen ef Cause's
Hhnrt-llnrn HrMrt Asteelatloe.
Wo all have our fancies as to color In
rattle. Some admire a roan, others red.
With Hereford breeders red with whit
face Is orthodox, and with Angusmea
black and all black Is their creed. Color
may bo called a fancy; so It is. Ex
perience says you may follow your fancy
so long as It Is not prejudicial to tho
animal. That the Angus and the Devon
breed true to color Is certainly not an
objection. That tho Ilerofords am bet
ter, except for the sake of uniformity,
by being so uniformly marked, wn doubt,
ns In our boyhood days, In the early
fortys, wo woll remember the grays
shown by Knight and Heath and Lord
Thnt tho Short-Horn has suffered
much from the rod crazo can not bo de
nied. Experienco says nothing has
done tho breed more barm in these lat
ter days than this foolish desire for red.
Fortunately wo have escaped this
mania In a great measure In Canada,
but whore it has bcun carried to tho ex
treme, as In Kentucky and tho West,
there tho cattle have deteriorated.
Their hair Is harsh and wiry, having
lost that mossy and beaver-like under
coat, such as Is indicative of feeding
propensities. It Is admitted on all sides
thnt roans aro superior as feeders.
Then why does fancy run riot? Lack
of uniformity in color? What a fallacy!
Experience says it Is better to bo uni
formly good, though of vurlous colors,
than uniformly bad and all of ono color.
The Jersey men toll us tho crazo or
fancy for solid colors, black tongue and
black switch, nearly destroyed the use
ful qualities which first brought tho
breed Into prominence. In horns thero
is another fancy; some say let us have a
good strong horn, as It Is an indication
of constitution. The Angus men retort
you do not want any. while tho Here
ford and thn Ayrshire brooders like a
certain shape.
Many a good animal havo we seen dis
carded at fairs, thrown out for a hoavy
horn, perhaps placed behind a light,
fleshy ono with adelicatostuer's horn, the
other. carrying many pounds morn beef
and in the most valuable parts. The
head is worth but a few cents on the
block, but on thn living animal what an
Index to thn value for breeding pur
poses! It Is said Mr. Hates fell In love
with Ilolvednre on seeing bis head
thrust through an open window, and de
termined to buy him at any cost. What
trn tho fancies? In females the moat
common is the objection to a thick or
meaty pouch near thn jaws, or what in
horses would lie called thn throat-latch.
Fancy asks that thoy shall bo well cut
up, or In other words, the setting on of
tho head must be slight and sltm. Yet
experience says that It is an indication
of a good feeder rather than a detect,
and will never lie found on a thln-fleshod,
Ill-thriving boast.
The fallacy regarding the heads of
bulla Is that generally advocated by
young nnd Inexperienced Judges. Ex
perience says tho head of the male must
bo masculino, approaching coarseness
rather than the opposite. It la oven so
In tho human race. Where are the
pretty men? Whon you find them they
are gouorally too Indolent to know bow
to amuso themselves.
Again, or viewing an animal with an
abnormally large brisket bow often wo
hear tho remark: "What a great bris
ket!" forgetting that It It Is out of pro
portion to the loin and ribs It is a detri
ment rather than a point of excellence.
All parts should bo evenly balanced,
and where unu unduly predominates It
is not an advantage, and when It occurs
In one of those parts of tho animal where
tho beef Is of the least value, ns In the
brisket, it Is still more objectionable.
Experience says a long, prominent
brisket adds to the weight of low-priced
lieef, whereas a broad, deep chest Indi
cates a strongly-constituted, vigorous
animal. Thn shoulder, though one of
the most Important parts of tho animal,
Is not often troubled with the fancy
peculiarities, though no doubt many of
us have heard thn remark: "What a
great front, as wide as a barn." If we
examine this wonder closely we shall
seo a wide, prominent, rough shoulder,
looking as if It had boon stuck on after
ward by a very poor workman. Experi
ence points out that on standing In
front of the animal the shoulder point
should be completely covered by the
neck vein, gradually swelling out like
bows of a ship, without any protuber
ance or hollows until It Is sunk or grad
ually absorbed by the chest, chine and
ribs, so that tno eyo can not detect
where the one ends or the other logins.
The shoulder Itself should be smooth,
equally eo orod with flesh, not put on
la rolls as so often seen. It is truo that
from thn neck and shoulders do not
come the choicest cuts, but every
butcher knows that thero la a lot of
difference between the quality of
meat In tho fore quarter, tbo rough,
plain shouldor yielding but little except
boiling pieces; whereas most can be out
into roasts from a smooth, evenly
fleshed one. Hreedera' Gazette,
Tying Cattle.
Aa Eastern farmer sends to Farm aad
Home tits way of tying cattle, which Is
herewith Illustrated. It la simple and
afe and is done in lca time than It
takes to tell It.
The Illustration awaka for Itself and
needs no further explanation.
It should bo known that when men
tell ot milk that la aa rich aa casein,
they mean that It will make a large
amount of curd; rich la a commercial
view, but not rich aallk IW all that, jt
HWftrwtw ,
Great f snaertaaee of Tablet Cat f the
1 make a brooder f a plain box three
feet square and tea laches high, open at
the top. Over the top I tack a cover of
galvanized Iron allowing tho iron to ex
tend half an inch over tho aides all
around. This carries off all smoke aad
fumes from the lamp. I next make a
floor of matched boards woll seasoned,
llefore placing this I tack on the under
aide exactly In tho center a piece of tin
ten inches square, with half-Inch wash
ers between the tin and floor. This
leaves a space of half an inch above and
below, and prevents tho tin from heat
ing tho floor too much In the oentor. I
now tack a strip of one-Inch lath all
around the box over tho galvanized Iron
and saw out a half-Inch of the center of
each sldo strip to admit fresh air and
then nail on tho floor.
For thn upper half I maxo another
box eight Inches high and exactly tbrco
foot square. For tho sides I use two
eight-inch side lights and for tho back
and front a plain hoanl eight Inches
high with one and one-half inch strip
of flno wire gauo inserted noar tho top.
Thlsgivcspiire.fresh air without causing
a draft on the chicks. Tbo front is
arranged to slide in and out for a door.
A (ll)Ol llltOOllKIL
The top Is made of well-matched boards
and fastened on with binges, for con
venlonco In cleaning. Fasten tho
upper half firmly to tho lower and In
sert fotir one-Inch tin pipes in tho
floor. Saw out an eight-Inch square In
each end of the lower box and hang a
door for tbo lamp. Horo a one and ono
half Inch hole In each side for tho
smoke to escape, and your broodor Is
I use four of these In my brooder
rooms, and place thn ducks and chick
ens In them when flrst takon from tho
machine. I have novor lost ono from '
crowding or overheat. I feed thorn on
shallow, wooden trays, removing tho
trays at night. After four days 1 place
a platform sixteen by two feet In front
of the Hue of brooders. This platform
has a board twelve Inches wide across
the back and both ends, and Is nmn In
front. It has six logs, and is divided
with four slides. Really, It Is a table '
dlviiieu in tour parts and railed around.
I alido back tho door of each brooder,
and place food, water and coarse sand
on the platform outside. Tho chicks
soon learn to run in and out, and thrive
and grow wonderfully. I havo one
brood of ono hundred and fifty-live now
In two of these brooders, and have only
lest two since they wero batched. I
havo Pekln ducks thut were started In
them, and they now (April '.'v) weigh
ten pounds per pair and only seven
woeks old. The glass at the sides gives
abundance of light, and thcchlcks are
not exposed to sudden changes of tem
perature. Farm and Fireside.
Tbo following Items are takon from
the Kansas Farmer:
Tiik prayer of every dairyman should
bo: "Ob! Lord, deliver me from the folly
and certain punishment of being stingy
to my own cows."
Somk people think that cheese is sim
ply cheese and make no distinction, and
because skim chips "lay bard In tho
stomach" thoy can not eat cheese.
OrrKX after a farmer provides himself
with cows, best for the business, ami pro
vides tho best milk-producing food, his
cows are rulnod by improper milking.
SaRNCK bos demonstrated that a
cow's teats possess the sense of feeling,
that tbey aro not made of rubber, and
these facts should be remembered by
tho strong-handed, hurried milker.
Tiik Hritlsh Hoard of Agriculture offi
cially announces the prevalence of foot
and mouth dlseaso among tho cattle of
Schleswig-Holsteln. As a consequence
cattle from that country ant rigidly ex
cluded from entering tbo Kingdom.
O.NK llt'.MlllKIl IMtl.l.Alts' worth of
cheese takes from the farm less than
one-seventh the fertility taken by uno
hundred dollars' worth of grain, while
one hundred dollars' worth of butter
If tho skim milk be fed on the farm
takes nothing from the soil.
Fai.i.-mauk butter Is always preferred
to that made in summer liecauso the
weather being cool the milk Is kept at
the proper temperature to raise tho
cream in the best condition, making
butter of great solidity, and the grasses
that start atlor tbo fall rains give It a
line flavor.
UnIom fuller.
All writers on onion growing advo
cate very early seeding, plenty of man
ure, and that the land should have bee a
thoroughly cultivated two or three pre
vious years to eradicate weeds aad
their seeds. In 1SS says a writer tn
the Country Gentleman, I violated all
theso conditions and all other prerequi
sites I ever road of by sowing an eighth
ot aa acre on sod ground on the 14th of
May, and produced a crop moat remark
able for site of tubers and quantity. Some
weighed over a pound each; the variety
Ro4 Wethersflela. The plat was In the
corner of a pasture fleld which had not
been plowed In twenty years. It was
a sandy loam, rich, of course, but ao
manure was added. The wvll-harroweU
sod furnished what onions required a
mellow, shallow seed bed with firmness
beneath. Not a scullion grew. In re
gard to weed seeds, a stiff sod Is freer
from them than land which has- Urn
recently cultivated. I planted on such
as tho latter In 1W with poor results. I
shall sow on sod again this season,
about tho middle of May, when the
ground will bo warm enough to ger
minate tha seed aad give tt a start at
once. Itregwrd this a ot more Impor
tancs than early sowing. Almost aay
thing will do best planted when condi
tions are right ta start It quick aad
ush it ahead.
hfY i r - ar jr akuEE!ifJyy'
Thej lwa InsHaiM Due Tkeu Laasoar
Twe Meatfresl Theeoaasi Acres to Mm
Oeeasst ta RettlssMat.
OcTMnix, Ok., May Ml After tha
Iowa Council had adjourned Monday
afternoon the lowaa were feasted aad
at 7:80 o'clock agala entered tho Council
with the Commission at tho little white
church. An hour'a talk was Indulged
ia by both sides. Chief Tohoe spoke at
aomo length, aaylng that tho white
brethren sent here by the groat father
dm oeen nonest with him and his tribe
and that thoy woro now about to slga
the contract providing for their allot
ment. Ho said he and hla people would
rather novor have a patent for their
lands in severalty, but would leave It
absolutely In care of tho Government,
for his people, ho said, were unable to
cope with the wily whites and It was
necessary that they be protected ia
some way.
Chairman Jerome and Judge Wilson
explained several Important points to
tho satisfaction of tho Indians, after
which Chief Tohec said: "I am ready
now to sign tho paper."
Then the blind chief placed his sig
nature by murk to tho contract, signing
three copies ono to go to ho Interior
Department and one each to the Com
mission and to the tribe.
Tohee was followed by Ms wife. Mag
glo Toheo, and then Ju turn camo
Charley Tohee, son of the chief; Emma
Tohoo, nloco of tho chief, Dave Tohee,
brother of tho chief, and tho Indian
policemen, Oarre Squirrel, Susan Squir
rel, John Abrockanle, MaryAhrockanle,
Nellie Green, Albert lily, Julia Ely and
Naw A. Tawny.
Thla, with tho live members who bail
previously signed Jefferson Whlto
Cloud, Kerwin Murray. Victor Dupree,
Etla Keelbolt and Lva Whlto made a
total of eighteen signers, representing
thirty-six of the tribe. Five mora sign
ers wero then required.
Atelovon oclook yesterday morning
Old Moses, Luclmla Moses, Willio Dole,
Joslo Dole, Tom Darlen, Cutherlno Da
rlen, Mary Squirrel, Widow Tohee.
mother of tho chief, Mary Tohee, David
Squirrel and Ellen White Cloud, Chlof
Whlto Cloud's squaw, all put tholr
names to tho document, making it a
good majority or tbo tribe. Tbo Iowa
reservation Is rondy for the Presldent'a
proclamation and the ratification of thn
contract by Congress oMuln tho sauio
for settlement by the whites.
The Iowa reservation contains 218,418
acres of land. Tbo number of acres re
quired to supply the tribe tinder tha
conditions of the present contract will
be about fl.soo acres or n ghtv acres per
capita for eighty-five Indians, thus leav
ing UJl.ttlS acres for tho whlto man.
Winter Wht Condition lc lining
Uriiiiaht In Nt-brasha.
Chicaoi), May Uti Tho Farmers' Re
view says: Relativo to winter wheat,
our Illinois corrosponJonts continue to
report the condition declining. Many
aro the complaints of chess and cheat,
and several correspondents report dam- v
ago by Hessian fly. Indiana averages
show a slight improvement In conditloa
alnco our last report. In Ohio tho con
dition has not changed materially duiy
lng tho past two weeks. In Missouri
the weather in portions of thn State;
haa been faorab1o; considerable Im
provement has taken place In theso lo
calities. Wheat is heading Irregularly,
however, and thero aro complaints of
chess. Kentucky reports of tho condi
tion show n decline of Several points.
In Kansas wheat has licnn Injured con
siderably by drought, and In a few coun
ties by ball and Hessian fly. The
average condition tn that Stato la ap
parently ten per cent lower than
It was two weeks sgo. Nebraska still
suffers from drought
AMestcwn Kills Twit Amrrlrsns-l'aplurrO
nit I'hslnwl l th rimir.
Al.m;qur.fiQt;K, N. M., May 'JS Sun
day afternoon at six o'clock at Tondrn
lirothers' vineyard, near Los Lunas,
thero was a horse race and the brothers
being large manufacturers of wine, It
was as free aa water and some of the
men liocamo boisterously drunk. Vln
cento Artl,7o provoked a fuss with two
Americans named Conway and Little.
Artlgo pulled his revolver and com
menced firing. Tho elder Conway fell
dead at the first shot and the brother
then retired from the scene badly and
probably fatally wounded through the
breast. A Mexican named Demetrlo
Hal I egos was shot In on) of his legs.
Clements Sllva, a deputy sheriff, onlered
Artlgo to surrender, but he aimed at
tho deputy and would have shot, when
two women jumped In front of him, Im
ploring him to desist. He was arretted,
taken to Los Lunas and chained to the
floor ot the jail.
After MuisUrem Awtrli.
Sax Fiiascmcm, May 2S Official
bows of the murder of Attorney Henry
Hardle by hostile Indians near Tomb
atone, Ariz., has been received at army
headquarters, and General Miles has
Issued orders to pursuo the Indians and
to use the same tactics as wen used la
the pursuit of Goronlmo. That will
place troops at Lowell, Grant and
Huachuca, A. T., and Fort llayard. N.
M., who will close in on them. The
hostile band consist of Kid and his parly,
who were sentenced to ten yrars In tha
military prison, but after serving a few
years were pardoned by President Cleve
land aad returned to their reservation.
The civil authorities then tried then '
and sentenced them to bo hanged.
While being taken to Yuma pentta
tlary they murdered the sheriff and es
caped to Mexico.
suiiiImm laMeitr.
ClTUS. III., May . The wife of A
derman Sam Swart, ot Pbilo, near
here, has brcorue violently Insane over
religion. For some time she has been a
constant attendant at the meetings of
the Pentecost band, and Sunday night,
while at the Methodist Church at that
place, she suddenly arose and. holding
her labe aloft, said she Intended offer
ing It as a sacrifice for the alas of that
church. Several persons Interfered aad
prevented her from carrying out her la
trattoa. An efort U being made ta
eampal the IVnuvost people W leava,