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About The Red Cloud chief. (Red Cloud, Webster Co., Neb.) 1873-1923 | View Entire Issue (Oct. 25, 1889)
BTw r -y
BED CLOUD CHIEF
A. G. HOSMEU, Proprietor.
SED CLOUD. - - - NEBRASKA,
The Comissioner of Patents has do
cided that abandoned applications for
patents are not public property and
can not be examined by patent attor
neys. A decree winding up the Wabash
receivership of General John McNulta
was entered by consent of all creditors
and other interested parties by Judge
Gresham at Chicago on the 18th.
The French Minister of War pro
poses to double the army corps at
JCancy and to double the railway facil
ities from Lille. Lyons and Besancon
to the German frontier, so that 30,000
iroops can reach there in three days.
The Cabinet meeting of the 15th
was devoted almost exclusively to the
discussion of trade relations with
Mexico and the retaliatory policy as
reported by Minister Ryan. It was
said the Cabinet approved of Secre
tary Windom's proposed decision on
A recent statement issued by the
Treasury Department gives the value
of articles of breadstuff's exported
during September at $9,874,788, a de
crease of nearly $3,000,000 as com
pared with September 1888. For nine
months, however, the increase is near
The Austro-Hungarian Cabinet cris;s
is ended and Von Tisza's Cabinet will
continue in office. Harmony has been
restored through the concessions of
Emperor Francis Joseph, who has
agreed to the designations "Imperial
Austrian Army" and "Royal Hun
Jonx Dougherty was married to
the daughter of a well-to-do mechanic
of Harlem, X. Y., the other day. hav
ing been taken from prison -to the
bride's home for the performance of
the ceremony. Five minutes later he
was sentenced to Sing Sing for two
years for burglary.
Consul Gade, of Christiana, Nor
way, reports to the State Department
that there is likely to be an increased
emigration of Mormons from Norway
to the United States during the com
ing year. The Mormons have nine
stations and a largo number of work
ers in Norway, and since 1852 have
sent 5,000 Norwegians to Utah.
The Attorney-General has decided
that the appointment of J. M. Taylor,
of Illinois, in the: railway mail service
n April 29 was legal, even though
Taylor did not take the oath until
some time after the civil-service rules
went over that service. The Attorney
General holds that the appointments
are legal from dates when made, and
tot when the appointee is sworn ia.
Government officers have seized tho
d'stillery of Freiburg & Werkum, at
Lynchburg, O.. on a charge of de
frauding the United States by equaliz
ing shortages in packages before the
gauger measured the contents. This,
it is claimed, saved to them the pay
ment of much Government tax and
being a violation of revenue laws sub
jected the entire property to seizure.
The whisky seized amounted to more
than a million gallons.
TnERE area great many fires in the
marshes and prairies in the vicinity
of Faribault, Minn. Fox lake, which
is now a grass-grown marsh, is on fire
and the peaty bottom is burning down
to the clay. The burning tract com
prises about one hundred acres. Fires
also have been burning nearMud lake,
and have burned holes in the peat
five feet deep. Other fires are also
burning near Faribault in marshes,
woods, etc., causing great loss.
The will of Mary J. Havemeyer,
the widow of William Havemeyer, the
millionaire sugar refiner, was filed for
probate at New York recently. The
entire estate is divided among five
children. The sixth. Mrs. Agnes Jo
sephine Burnham. is exempt from
division because "she is happily mar
ried and her position guarantees her
all needed comfort and support" Sho
is. however, permitted to select two
pieces of her mother's jewelry as a
token of affection.
With a view to checking the fre
quent desertions from tho army, para
graph 908 of the regulations govern
ing enlistment, has been amended so
that recruits shall bo detained six
days after signing the declaration of
intention to enlist. They will during
that time be instructed in their new
duties, and if at the end of that period
they desire to enlist they will be sworn
in, but if they should change their
minds or any good objection be raised
then they will be permitted to depart.
At th'e recent session of the National
Board of Trade at Louisville, Ky.,
resolutions were passed opposing any
modification of the Inter-State Com
merce lax, especially of the clause
prohibiting pooling, and favoring Na
tional supervision of insurance and
uniformity of insurance legislation, a
reduction oi Federal revenues in the
way which will least embarrass in
dustries and trade. Congress to con
sider plans for irrigation and recipro
city trade relations with Canada.
There., was energetic discussion, but
on final vote very little ppposition to
NEWS OF THE WEEK.
GlMMd by Tologrmph aad Man.
PERSONAL AKO FOUTICAfc.
Italy desires a protectorate over Abys
sinia. At the Interior Department it is thoaght
that 20,000 Indlane will be entitled to vote
at the next Presidential election as a re
alt of recent legislation. Politicians con
eider them a very uncertain factor.
Uilbbbt L. Laws has beea nominated
by the Republican! to sacceed the late
Mr. Laird, Congressman from the Second
Tme new British Minister, accompanied
by Lady Pauncefote, arrived at Washing
ton on the 15th.
The President has signified his inten
tion to be present at the laying of the
corner stone of the new Catholic Univer
sity at Brook Station, Md.
Sia Daniel Gooch, the noted British
civil engineer, died in London recently
The Republican casern at Pierre, 8. D.,
selected Frank Pettigrew, of Sioux Palls,
and Judge G. C Moody, of Deadwood, for
United States Senators.
Congressman Newton A. Kcttino died
at his home in Oswego. N. Y., on the 15th.
Ex-Govxror E. A. Pkbrt, of Florida,
died recently in Texas.
The Loyal Legion met at Philadelphia
on the lGtb, when ex-President Hayes
was re-elected Commander-in-Chief.
It is believed that the African explorer
Monk has been killed by his men on the
Elbert E. Kimball, United States Dis
trict Attorney, died at Kansas City, Ma,
on the 16th of congestive chills.
The death of General John F. Hartranft
makes a vacancy in the Cherokee Com
mission, and nothing more can be done
now toward securing the Cherokee Strip
in the Indian Territory for settlement un
til the vacancy is filled.
Germany has publicly announced her
refusal to recognize Mataafa as King of
Oliver C Bosbyshell has been ap
pointed superintendent of the mint at
Senators Moody and Pettigrew have
been formally declared elected by the
South Dakota Legislature.
Amos J. Ccmmings, the well-known cor
respondent and member of the editorial
staff of the New York Sun, has been
nominated by Tammany to fill the vacancv
in the Ninth district caused by the death
of 'Sunset" Cox.
The Pres'dent has appointed Richard
E. Sloan, of Arizona, to be Associate Jus
tice of the Supreme Court of Arizona,
It is announced that Mr. Gladstone will
deliver en addres at Manchestir on De
cember 3. It is expected that he will
issue a manifesto on the political situation
in the United Kingdom.
General Hartkanit. ex-Governor of
Pennsylvania, died at Norristown on the
17th frcm a combination cf kidney
Rear Admiral Walker expects to sail
with bis squadron sometime in Novem
ber. He will proceed first to Lisbon and
thence to Fayal.
Prince Ferdinand, of Bulgaria, it was
reported, traveled strictly incognita dur
ing his recent visit to the Paris Exposi
tion, fearing that attempts would b made
on his life.
Magoib Mitchell, the actress has mar
ried ber manager, Charles Abbott
Camden, O., was badly damaged by fire
on the lGtb.
The Mission creek country in Minne
sota was ravaged by fires. Much lumber
G. B. Squires, of Brooklyn, N. Y.,
special agent of the General Land-office,
has been dismissed. Squires was formerly
private secretary to Pension Commis
The International Maritime conference
met at Washington on the lG:h. The del
egates were cordially welcomed by Sec
Aw explosion occurred in a Stafford
shire (Englaad) colliery on the 15th.
Seventy-five miners were entombed. The
first searching parties found sixty dead
The State of Kansas has been awarded
a gold medal for the best agricultural re
port; also a silver medal for its labor re
port. "Honorable mention" was awarded
to the Conway Springs and' Douglass
William Draper and John Olsen were
hanged at Placerville, CaL, on the 16th
for the murder of John Lowell on his
ranch March, 18891 John Myers was
hanged last November for the same crime,
his two accomplices escaping for a time
by taking an appeal.
The accident on the Mount Auburn in
clined plane at Cincinnati was caused by a
little piece of iron which got wedged in
the cut-off valve.
Fears are expressed that the tour of the
Pan-American delegates has been over
done, many of them being positively
weary of the rushing from town to town
and the endless sight-seeing.
A Boston dispatch says the entire plant
of the Brush Electric Company has been
sold to the Thomson-Houston Electric
Company for a cash consideration of $3,
250.000. The reported railroad collision in Col
orado between Burlington and Union Pa
cific passenger trains was found to be
The Long Hoi or Red river of China has
been opened to commerce.
In the railway station at Brussels, Bel
gium, the other day, a passenger train
dashed into buffers at full speed, wreck
ing several carriages and injuring thirty
The Brotherhood of Locomotive En
gineers met at Dener, Col., on the 16th.
Br a collision between a car left on the
track at Heath, lnd., and a freight train
the other morning many cars were
wrecked, one man was killed aad several
others were injured.
Three cases of small-pox were reported
in Boston recently, the first in over a
The Missouri Pacific road announces
that it will quote established rates be
tween Chicago and Kansas City in con
nection with the Illinois Central and Van
dal ia. This opens another line between
Chicago and Kansas City, making eight
The Atlas line steamship Athos. which
has reached New York after a terrible
voyage, reports that Hippolyte, of Hayti,
was busy preparing for his election.
The people of Indianapolis are refusing
to pay for rides on the street can which
have dropped the conductors aad pat back
the old box system.
The North Alabama Lumber Company
at Bridgeport, Ala., has made aa assign
meat. Liabilities, $120,000; assets
News has reached Constantinople that
Turkish soldiers have mutinied at Caaea,
Ladly beating many of their officers, who
endeavored to discipline tasm.
Socialists decorated the graves of the
Anarchists in Waldheim cemetery, Chi
cago? on the 17th.
Two ladies of Frankfort, Ini, were
struck by a train at a crossing the other
day and fatally injured.
The five Apache Indians who were tried
and convicted at Florence, Ariz., for mur
der have been sentenced to be hanged.
Three were charged with the murder of
Diebl two years ago and two with the
murder of Jones.
One man was killed and three fatally
injured by the fall of a scaffolding at the
new water works at Bethlehem, Pa., re
cently. Ez-Mator Lewis, of New Haven,
Conn., proposes as a World's Fair feature
to recognize the 4C0th anniversary of the
discovery of America by lighting great
bonfires simultaneously oa the hilltops all
over the country.
Henry Wigfall. a barber of Atlanta,
Ga., swallowed a fish bone recently and
died soon after in great agony from
The factory and stock of the Pine Door
& Lumber Company of Grant's Pas, Ore,
was destroyed by fire the other night.
The loss was $,0J0.
The marine conference at Washington
is devoted to the discussion of technical
Washington is beginning to boom its.
World's Fair project.
The American Board of Commissioners
for Foreign Missions in session in New
York elected officers as follows: Presi
dent. R. R. Storrs. D. D.; vice-president;
E. W. Latchford; recording secretary,
Henry A. Stimsoa; assistant recording
secretary, E. N. Packard; treasurer,
Langdon S. Ward.
AT the meeting of the railway brake
men in Minneapolis Hon. L. S. Coffin, of
Iowa, advised them to urge Congress to
take action in the matter of safety appli
ance. Joseph Paul, a Chicago boy, met an
awful death recently. He was caught
between aa immense flywheel aad the
It is estimated that 20,000,000 persons
will have visited the Paris Exposition
when it closes,
John Lewis, Jerome Race and Thomas
Cooney, three yontbs of- eighteen, were
instantly killed on the Hudson River
track near Hudson. N. Y., recently. They
stepped from one track to another to avoid
a train when a locomotive struck them.
The Emperor of China ba3 authorized
the building of a railroad between Pekin
The cotton oil trust has filed application'
to iucrease its capital stock to $2)090.000
and form a corporation, thus avoiding the
legal penalties to which it was liable in
Chili nas abolished many import duties
on tools and material used in agriculture-
and the building of railroads, eta
One of the scrub women at the Ham
burg (Germany) zoological gardens was
killed recently by a jaguar which man
aged to seize her through the bars of bis
Secbetaiiy Windom has announced that
be will retain tbe old rules governing the
importation of Mexican lead ores.
Business failures (Dun's report) for the
seven days ended October 17 numbered
223, compared with 224 the corresponding
week of last year. The figures include
Mccn destitution is reported among the
foreign laborers at Lynch's canning
works, Kent County. Md. The manager
bad departed leaving the men with checks
which the stores refused to honor.
An immense prairie fire was reported
raging a few miles from Bismarck, N. D..
on the IStli. Tbe village of Monokin was
entirely swept away.
TnE inquiry at the Jefferson barracks,
St Louis, has ended. The depositions
make 300 pages.
At Millsporr, Lamar County, Ala., a
few days ngo, William Abercrombi?,
white, of Birmingham, Ala., held up the
express agent and secured $0,000, received
by him that night.
The Western whisky trust is said to be
scheming to break up tbe outside distil
leries. Half a million dollars will be
spent if necessary.
Green B. Racm has been appointed
Commissioner of Pensiona
The King of Portugal who had pre
viously been reported dead on a false
telegram, died at Lisbon on the 19; b. His
eldest son, tho Duke of Braganza, suc
ceeds bim as Carlos L
By the burning of a stove at Lemons,
Belgium, recently the proprietor and three
assistants were burned to death.
The Servian Skutscbina opened on the
Governor Forakbr, of Ohio, who had
been extremely sick, was reported on the
fair way to recovery on tbe 20th.
The village of Curtiss, on the Wisconsin
Central railroad, north of Marshfield,
Wi., wan destroyed by fire recently.
The London Stock Exchange was de
pressed during the week ended October
19. The Continental bourses were re
ported quiet with an upward tendency at
A creditor of Belford, Clarke & Ca,
the publishers, whose failure occurred re
cently, states that the firm have notified
creditors of their readiness to pay all
claims in fulL
Naplfs was partially inundated on the
20th. Violent storms were reported at
that city and other parts of Italy.
While Prince William, of Wurtemberg,
was driving to church at Ludwigsburg on
the 10th, he was fired upon by a man named
Klaiber, who upon being arrested ex
claimed: "It is high time Wurtemburghad
a Catholic King." The Prince was not
hurt The would-be assassia was supposed
to be derangeiL
The R?pub'icans of Mississippi have
withdrawn their State ticket and issued a
protest to tbe Nation saying that free
speech and a free ballot in Mississippi are
A construction train on the Confluence
and Oakland branch of the Baltimore &
Ohio railroad was wrecked near Pitts
burgh, Pa., recently. Two men were
killed and a large number badly injured.
A NEW oil territory has been developed
at Mannington, W. Va. The well is doing
sixty barrels an hour. The well is owned
by the 8taadard Od Company.
Babbitt, the millionaire soap maker,
died at New York on the20tb, aged eighty.
The Russian revenue last year was 34.-
000,000 roubles more than the expendit
A KEO of powder exploded at Bryant
switch in tbe Choctaw Nation, in a coal
pit recently. Sixteen men were in the
mine at tbe time, four ot whom were fa
A cow caused a bad wreck on the North
ern Pacific, forty-seven miles from Port
land, Ore., recently. James Nolan was
fatally injured; the engineer, H. Jones,
Count Okcma, Minister of Foreign Af
fairs, Japan, was slightly wonnded (he
other day by a would-be assassin. The
latter committed suicide.
NEBRASKA STATE NEWS.
A cowardly mnrder was committed at
Albright, near the Sarpy Couaty line, the
other night by Samuel Peterson, the hired
i saaa of Rasmus Haasoa. Hanson bad ac
cused a family named Willimsns of steal
ing vegetables from bis place and made
threats against them. In the evening
j Willimans' daughter Lizzie, sixteen years
j old, and her brother were attracted by. the -
barking of their dog and followed it " i , .w" . r- ,
across a field when tbev were fired on by , Maine, Mr. Reed, or Ohio. Mr. McKmley.
Peterson and the girl fatally wounded. Messrs. Burrows, of Michigan, and Can
The assassin then fired a pistol at the no'- of Illinois, are bath on the ground,
boy. Peterson was jailed at Papillion.
The court martial at Fort Omaha in the
case of Captain Dempsey, charged with
assaulting Lieutenant-Colonel Fletcher,
bestowed a mild reprimand on the Cap-
tain and restored him to duty. Tbe
court is thus lenient, " says the finding,
"because of the indecisive and unoflicer
like manner in which commanding officer
Lieutenant-Colonel Fletcher conducted
himself throughout the entire case."
Judgement was rendered in the district
court at Fremont the other day for (2,000
In favor of Dodge County against the
knnftcitmn fit f.maia Rn... MnAar liAlit tliA f
office of clerk of the district court for the
county one term. When tho court house
burned, on the 31st ot December, 1S7, a
large number of the records of his office
were left in the court room and were de
stroyed. In the suit it was shown that in
asmuch as he had a vault in which to keep
his books and did not do so he should be
held for their value. Soon after the fire j
Spear disappeared and bis bondsmen will
have to make good the loss to the county.
The final order was made by the Slate
Board of Transportation the other day in
.u , . r .. . . . . ..
the coal rate question which reduces the
- m ,,.. . .
rates from 40 to G) per cent; gives 30 cents
. ... -.-,. ,
per ton arbitrary for initial and terminal
charges and add, one cent per mile for the
flrst fifty miles; eight . mills per ton iper
.. .. u ,.. uujr ..., . .......
miles; five mills tier ton per mile for tbe
third hundred miles, and four mills per
ton per mile for a distance over 303 miles.
The several roads are required to adopt
this schedule within thirty days of the
receipt of the order.
The thirty-second annual session of the
Grand Lodge of tha Independent Order of
Odd Fellows of Nebraska convened at I
Grand Island on the 15th. There bnve '
been nine new subordinate lodges and six
new Uebekah degreo lodges organized
during the year, making a total of 15!)
subordinate lodges and forty-five Re- i
liek.ili degree lodges in the State, and a f
i total membership of 7.732; subordinates.
7,032; ltebekahi. 702. Tbe total amount of
relief paid by subordinate lodges durine
the year has been $8,731. IS. The total re
ceipts of subordinate 1 dges have been
$63,125.02; expenses, :U",b7."..V), making an
excels of receipts over expanses of $!C.
249 82. Tbe total assets of subordinate
lodges amount to .f2S4.U41.52.
Mrs. John Peters, residing near Fon
tenelle and one of tbe oldest residents of
tbe county, dropped dead tbe other day.
A SHELL recently exploded in the bands
of Joseph Jackson, of Blair, a son of tbe
county, treasurer, tearing his left band to
pieces and crippling him for life.
TnE Democratic State Convention, which
recently met at Omaha to select candi
dates for Judge of tbe Supreme Court and
Regents of the State University, adopted
resolutions protesting against tbe pro
tective policy of thf Republican party;
protesting egtinst appropriates to irri
gate arid lands because farmers should
not be further taxed to create competi
tion; denouncing the Sugar Bounty law
passed by tbe last Legislature; protesting
against subsidies of any kind to steam
ship lines or railroad corporations ami
demanding that the Government enforce
payment from defaulting corporations;
favoring a judicious license law; com
mending the utterances of Corporal Tan
ner, late Commissioner of Pensions, that
'the affidavit of a private soldier shall be
worth as much as that of a commissioned
officer," but protesting against the pre
vailing abuses of the pension buronu. and
demanding tho elimination of all fraudu
lent pensioners from tbe rolls, so that de
serving soldiers may thus enhance their
security for tbe just debt which the Gov
ernment righteously owes to them.
The Republican Judicial convention as
sembled nt O-naha and refused to indorse
the nomination of Joseph R. Clarkson,
who had been recommended by the mem
bers of the bar to surced Judge GrofT for
district judge, and nominated II. J.
Davis. Tho Democratic convention met
a few days later and indorsed tbe nomi
nation of Clarkson.
XIIC Uiuer mgub uiiigin.n cuimcu cu. ;
rratl s jeweiry store, ni rrenioni, wane
he was absent at snipper, and stole alout
$800 worth of coods. consisting of gold I
and silver watches, gold rings, eta The
same night D. J. Cox. an Oregon sheep .
man, was enticed away from the Union
Prcific depot, held up and robbed cf $120
in money ami a gold watch valued at iw.
It was thought the same parties commiit.'d
There are 310 students enrolled in the
schools of Broken Bow.
Logan Countv voters will decide at the
general ehciion it proposition to bond the
county to fund the outstanding indebted
Near Grand Inland the other day I
Charles Kchternacht, a young man of '
twenty yarn. left homo to husk corn, tnk- !
ing a shotgun nlong in the wagon for the
purpose of shooting wild geese. AIout
half an hour after leaving tho team came
running back home and tbe young man
was found in tho bottom of tho wagon '
completely disemboweled, both barrels of
tbe gun having beon discharged, he re
ceiving the fall charge in the stomach.
No one knew how tho accident happened.
The other night as Oscar Kayser, a
dealer in furnishing goods at Bollevne,
was about to retire for the night, be heard
some one rattle at his front door. He
opened the door in a few minutes, when
he was confronted with tbe command,
"throw np your hand," reinforced by a
couple of revolvers. He did as ordered
and wast elieved of $10 in cash, a check
for $33 and several notes. After this Kay
ser was ordered to conduct tbe roblers to
Wright's store and in short order they re
lieved Wright of a gold watch and a small
sum of money. There was no clew to
The Prohibitionist of tbe Second Con
gressional district have nominated Rev.
CL E. Bentley, of Bntler County, for Con
gress. DirHTBEBiA hasnade its appearance at
As effort Is being made to establish a
State base-ball league for next season to
be composed of dabs at Kearney, Lincoln. '
Hastings, Grand Island, Fremont, Beatrice .
The Democratic State convention re
cently met at Omaha aad nominated Hon.
John N. Ames, of Lincoln, for Supreme
Court Judge aad W. S. McKennan, of
Andrews County, and P. W. Hess, of
Platte Connty, for Regents of tho Stats
1 the coming congress.
The TariC Clvil-Servicew Trusts
Questions Will Occupy t Approachlng-
Washington, Oct. 21. As members-
! elect to the Fifty-first Congress reach the
city gossip respecting the organization ot
the next House of Representatives natu
rally increases. The consensus of opinion
. ODK nwmwrs-eieci bow aere ;?"
I however, ana it is saia wm least mase
ine contest imeresiiuK uciuro uiiiuuui;
begins. At this lime it would Le a very
difficult undertaking to pick out tha
' .. i:l.
"fZZZ ,.,.,.. pm,.im.
Ledger, appears to have already practi
cally ca pin red the clerkship of the next
House. In bis modest way he has been
working all summer, and it is claimed by
his triends that be has pledges sutlicieut
to elect on the first ballot.
Colonel Swords appears to have no rival
for the position of sergeant-at-arms, while
there are several candidate for the . dices
of doorkeeper and postmaster.
There ar not many Senators and Rep
resentatives in Washington now, but
niost of those here expect a very interest
ing and busy session of Congress during
the coming winter. The tariff, trusts, the
Civil-Sirvica law, the Inter-Staio Com
merce law, th) educational question, a
National election law and subsidies will
be among the subjects that will engage
the attention of Congress. What are rec
ognized as the great questions of the day
" ". "" ""1J . T,"' ,""
' parly measures and are likely to render
f. , . . . .
the coming session a very ntiportaut one.
n .,. u ... r- .
Senator Dolpb thinks Congress a-iII take
nQ bactwlard iu the ter of legisla-
0Q lnfer.8.te Commerce or Civil-
IeIornL BoU ,. Inter.S:atc
WBPII1 TAI HA .. P - ih nBAinnlA.I .a
, Conlraerce awand tbe Civil-Service law,
'", "M P"-r be amended. Lut
not so to destroy their efficiency. AVher
ever amendments are made to either will
defer the purpose of eradicating defects
disclosed by experience and to make tbtu
more effective. The race question, be
says, will undoubtedly be discussed
in connection with the contested elec
tion esses and independently of
It is a live question and will not down
at any bidding. He feels confident that
tbe tarifT will be revised and tbe source ot
the revenue diminished. Some measures
not very dissimilar to the Senate bill will
be passed. It is possible, he thinks, that
soma bill upon tbe subject of trusts will
be passed, but the subject must be dealt
with in the main by the States. The
power of Congress over this subject is sc
limited as to render of little value any
. . ..., r-- fs..s,u.v s.s.u-
trol trusts in the State.
Congressman Brown, of Indiana, thinks
a revision of the revenue system the most
important question awaitinjr the action of
Congress and favors the repeal of the tax
on tobacco and on alcohol used in tbe arts
; and a reduction of the tax on sugar.
Something will probably be done regard
ing the seal fisheries and also the Cana
dian fishery dispute. These questions.
j however, will not divide the parties. II
has no doub: there will be some amend-
' ment to tbe Inter-State Commercs law
and Congress will undoubtedly legislate
on the subject of trusts, if it is possible
1o define a trust in such a way as nottj
interfere with legitimate tnsiness.
Congressman Hltt, of Illinois, thinks it
rather too early to make any predictions
about what Congress will do at tho com
ing session. No conference of even the
most informal kind has yet been held, so
that no means of judging what other
members are considering is to be had.
Then, shifting of opinion on many im
portant points is so likely that a judg
ment now is not very apt to hold when
actual voting on questions begins in Feb
ruary and March. Something in tbe way
of amendatory legislation to the Inter
State Commerce law may bo expected. '
As to tbe Civil-Servo law, too many
Congressmen of both parties are pledged
to its support to allow its repeal. The
subjret of trusts will probably be in
volved in the discussion of tbe tariff,
which will of coarse come no next session.
BRIDGES AND STREAMS.
The Way Proceedings May Be Taken
Against Bridges That Obstruct Naviga
tion. Washington, Oct. 20. Secretary Proc
tor has prepared a circular of instructions
respecting tbe practice to be followed ia
cases where bridges over navigable
streams are said to be obstructions to
commerce. When such complaint or
charge is made, tbe chief of engineers
shall refer it to the engineer officer in
charge of tho disttict in which the alleged
' obstruction is located. He shall make an
examination to determine whether or not
. the bridge is an obstruction, and se-
l whether or not it can be removed.
In determining this tbe person or cor
' poration controlling the bridge shall be
given an opportunity to appear before the
oQicer. The latter shall report to the
chief of eng nsers, who shall lay tbe report
before the Secretary of War. The Secre
tary upon this report may order a board
of tfiicrs to examine tbe bridge, tbe same
routine to be followed by it as by the
single cdieer. When this report reaches
the Secretary be may bear interested
parties upon the matter, granting contin
uances from time to time as may b prop
er, so that tbe question shall be thor
oughly discussed and presented before a
decision is reached.
Washington. Oc:. i. Senator Barbonr,
of Virginia, under whoso auspices the
Democratic canvass in the old common
wealth is being conducted, stated that the
Democrats were well satisfied with
condition of affairs. He said that the
hostile attitude of Mr. Langs ton toward
General Ma hone might operate consider
ably to Mahone'a disadvaatage; that Ma
hone was counting oa the negroes voting
the Republican ticket regardless of their
feeling toward him personally aad of tbe
manner in which be might treat them.
Slabone might make a miscalculation in
this regard and the negroes simply bleed
bim and Mr. Quay.
May Stay In.
Washington. Oat 20 Tbe Attorney
General has decided that the appointment
of J. M. Taylor, of Illinois, in the railway
mail service on April 29 was legal, even
though Taylor did not take oath until
some time after the Civil -Service rales
went over that service. The Attnmr.
General holds that tbe aDnointmnt r.
legal from dates when made, aad not
when the appointee ia sworn in.
King or Portugal Dead.
Lisbon. Oat 20. The King of Portugal,
who was ill for some time, died yesterday
The Duke of Bragaszi. eldest soa of the
King, who succeeds to the throne, will as
sume tbe title of Carlos L
ALL ABOUT PENSIONS.
Aa Authoritative Statement Frm the t.
terior Deportment In lte-ril to tit
clmllnc of Corporal Tanner t Irhr-f
Washington. Oct. IS The fol owing
authoritative statement prepared at thf
Interior Department in support of the
action of Secretary Noble iu recindin
Commissioner Tanner's order advancing
i pensions from $2 to $4 per month in cer
tain cases has been given to the pro-":
In view of the recent herUion by the Uepait
ment of the Interior relating to the authority of
the Commiss'.ont'rof Tensions to arbitrarily of
hi own will rerate some :c".W taen by advanc
ing tbeir pensions on his order from ii to f I per
month. It U worthy of atti-nti n that scctio-i
,1944 of the revised statutes of the United
provides that : "Except in cae of permanent,
specific tf iab:.ttie no increase cf pension lia.l
te allowed to commence prior to the date of ihf
examining surgeon's eertitl ate establishing the
same made under the pending; claim for increase
and a! so that a ralttis made bv .the Commis
sioner of Pensions except In certain cases w hen
by law a specified amount is attached by statute
to the disability named is determined by the
decree of disability found h a ir.e.ho.il ex
amination of the claimant " Tfcfs where a
claimant's disability i- total he is pv n under
the statute a Pxeil amount. This ua formerly
frt and is now fixed at different amounts fordt:
terent eases, anionp others J13 total an t th
amount that would tie (IS for a "total di!a!
lty" is subdix tiled in o fractio-s thai is !e
than total for lesser decrees ot disability TIu.
if one m.m is found to be very little disabled 1 v
I the medu-al board lie is given one eujlitrer.th
or tt. or if he is still more disable.! two eirh.
ceuths or t i and if still more dia!ed three
eighteenths or ft and so on.
A man. for instance, has lost a portion of h
firiprr and is thus 10 an appreciable decree !
atlcd. he may have been rated ! some exam
hunt? board atH for that: and so lit some other
case for tome other slight disability. If. how
ever, he has suffered fiom chills or malaria or
some other disease contracted by him in tu
swamps during his services as u soldier and
which may not prove permanent or may in
crease, he may have been thought slightly dis
abled, if at all. and entitled at the bov'inninir
i nd almost to as
' which the .
mall fraitioa of the total. sy
amount fixed m many of tue
disability allowed. In this lattercas? it in L-ut
have possibly been a question with the board
whether he was to get anything or was d.
abled at all. but from lenient construction of
hU case they have Kiven him ti. If now. bv ae
order of the Commissioner, without regard N
this medical examination, the man who h.is
thus been receiving:! is advanced to ft vn;hir
I the man who was more disabled and who li;.-
' Deen rated al ?i heme hlmseli advanced, it i
obvious that injustice is done the hncher e.nu!-1
man. because be is put upon a par with a ma.-;
evidently less disabled. And so between svi
dier and soldier there is an unfair ure! rence of
the less injured. If these cases, howevr. ar
all referred to th examining surgeons and t!:i v
And the disabilitv to beeiiual to : and it i
then allowed, every thing has been done m du--order
and according to law.
On the contrary, if arbitrary orders of the
Commissioner arc the basis, it mut result thai
a few are made favorites and given a partieula.
SRIOuntaml grea masses of men t-Iio liav t.
depend upon medical examinations an put at a
great disadvantage. Therefore it wa decided
that there was no authority in law for an erd -r
arbitrarily increasing a great mas-, of men's
pensions in the face of the statute nlrea T-.
cited and which order is not extended to all th"
pensioners rases. The Commissioner. whoi
order has given rise to this decision. ::i his re
cent letter to Mr. Dalzeil did not claim that hw
order was to be construed according to if
terms, for he said: "While Commit-ioner I
issued two orders which I thought ami stt t
think were mighty good ones: First, that tbe
:n,WO men on the pension roll at less than $1 a
month should nil. unless they had a medical
examination within a year, be ordered for r.
amination before their home board with :. vii w
to putting them up to at least $1 per month pen
sion or drop them off the mils, for it was and is
my opinion that for a man who is worthy of any
pension at all a dollar a weel: i small enougn
to consider a pension." The order itself read
"April 'il, lss'J In all cases where a pensionable
disahdity is foun I the rate allowed shall not t
less than t per month, to date from aad includ
ing March S. ISSV
The decision that was made by the Assistant
Secretary is in accordance with th ,e two prop
ositions. The Commi-sinner announced one b
I'ore he resigned his office: the other, after, to
Mr. Dalzeil. The Assistant Secretary stated
them together and not separately. The order
as made was arbitrary unqualitled and required
an advance without examination to the amount
specnieu at fi per montn. it uut not propoio
to drop any one. as the letter pretended it did.
and it did not order any one for examination be
fore the home bo-ird, as the letter pretended it
did. It w..s an unauthorized, unqualified and
illegal order for every pensioner l be advanced
to W who was receiving less. It was made
Apr 1 1 and it was proposed to have it take ef
fect March 27.
A slight consideration of this matter will
show that to give away tGG,0u a month of t e
public money on such an order as tins would be
but the b ginning of a system by which n illions
could be expended, uncontrolled by law. as it
was unauthorized by precedent. Ther- would
be no more harm in giving to Senator Mamler-
t son W.f 0 or more than there would be in giving
to i3,i men WCOOO. In cithercase it would !w
J an unauthorized distribution of the public
moneys and the door of the treasury might as
well be open to actual invasion as to have sucfc
i warrants drawn upon it to be cached without
I questioning. It is al o obvious that such a
' course as thl would not be of benefit to the
j soldiers ultimately, as it is intended only to
! benefit those who are the least disabled, ia
. other words, those who have the least claim for
j disability. If one may judge that these men
j are to be advanced upon a mere opinion as to
. what should be the least amount of pension.
the others might justly claim that thir more
severe wounds and i!isablliti-;.s were pii:e a
uncompensated as those of less degree. In
other wort, whenever the opinion of aComms
sioner without investigation is substituted for
actual examination as to disability every man's
pension is put at risk, either to be so exagger
ated as that the fJovcrnmcnt or people wont i
not allow it or to lie so disparaged as th it noth
ing could be obtained.
If you can drop a man who is receiving ii pr
month from the pension rolls on a mere opinion
of a Commissioner you can drop o:l a grear
many others receiving more on th'i same pn.-i
ciplc. It is a mere Question of whim aaiVcapnr-.
It is upon this that it has been Insisted t.Vit in
law should be adhered to and the precedent
established should have weight. It must als
be obvious in all this that th:rci no -xpresstnn
as there is no disposition to prevent any deserv
ing soldier Irom acquiring all the pension his
disability entitles him to. either by original am
plication or application for increase. All th-it
is being done is to maintain
the law. to 02 lia-
erally construed, but by no means disregarded.
1 ana to allow each in his turn, without piriiality.
all ho is entitled to. If the law 1, aoandoa-i!,
t the weak, the distant and those withou: iKwe ---
iui inencs win sutler, while favorite wi.L
Another ltrown Miin.
Chicago. Oct 1& Tbe New says Y. ir..
Brown, a real estate dealer, is nt preicnt
out of tbe city and is said to be a de
faulter to the extent of $3,000. Many rf
his patrons, as well as tbe police.' si e
anxious to learn of his whereabjuis.
General Hartranft Dead.
Philadelphia. Oct. 18 General John.
T. Hartranft, ex-Governor of Pennsylva
nia, died at his residence at NorristOAn ar
noon yesterday. His illness, wh.cii ihe
pbysicianii agree was a culni.natn of t he
result of a diseased condit.fn of th
kidney, from which he suffered for
several months, first took an alarming:
tarn last Friday, when he was se s-d with,
a chill. Wedaesday night there was ob
served a marked change for tho worse mid.
Dr. Reed informed the family for the firt
time that recovery was impossible. Gen
eral Hartranft was fifty-nine years old.
He served thrsagh the late war and n
term as Goverascor Pennsylvania, bast le
holding maay other important pvst.ions.
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